Essentially a summary of work analysis films which were taken by Frank B. Gilbreth between 1910 and 1924 showing a number of industrial operations from which the motion study technique was developed. Pictures a sleepy street in Montclair, New Jersey; the Gilbreth family with nine of their eleven children; and numerous experiments in motion study, including paper box assembly, bricklaying, typing (typewriting), small parts assembly, etc.
Contains selections from the 250,000 feet of 35mm film that Dr. Gilbreth amassed in his analysis and development of time and motion study. The selected films study the methods of various tasks necessary in factory production of and distribution of goods. In addition they demonstrate how Dr. Gilbreth’s methods increased efficiency in motion and skill with a resultant increase in productivity in these tasks. Dr. Gilbreth’s principles of time and motion study originated at the time of the horse drawn wagon and the invention of the horse-less carriage. The selected clips feature: 1. A city street in Montclair, New Jersey, with horse drawn carriages, horse drawn wagons, and horseless buggies passing by. 2. A clip of Dr. and Mrs. Gilbreth and nine of their eleven living children.; Motion Study footage includes: 1. the study of “the worlds oldest mechanical trade-- bricklaying.” Compares original method of fixed station of materials in piles to Gilbreth method which features changes in scaffolding height, accessibility of materials to avoid unnecessary movements, and organization of materials in packet form. Analysis and results of Gilbreth method versus original method are compared in motions per brick, bricks per hour, and increase in productivity. 2. Dating requisitions; one hand method vs. two hand method vs. two hands & one foot. 3. Edging and polishing glycerine soap. 4. Labeling cartons. 5. Packing Soap. 6. Planning a conveyor feed for a factory packing operation. 7. The control system of inventory for a hardware/goods store. 8. The development of lift trucks to expedite movement of materials. 9. The development of route models to study the process and flow of materials which are the basis for any manufacturing plant design. 10. Studies of 1 handed vs. 2 handed work in packing materials. 11. Study and comparison of machine that can pre-position parts vs. operation of machine with non pre-positioned parts. 12. Slicing of a variety of edible nuts (ie. almonds, filberts) demonstrated in the two hand holding method vs. the Gilbreth method with safety holder. 13. Filing of small parts. 14. Arm assembly clip demonstrates how the use and application of a packet tray of parts in proper order obviates the necessary and very time consuming reference to blue prints in old method. New method allows one motion grasp which increases productivity however, requires an additional employee-- stock boy to assemble packets. 15. Packet for parts of a Pierce Arrow motor displayed. 16. Motor jack for motor assembly demonstrated and displayed. 17. Frederick Taylor’s pig carrying experiment which demonstrates the methods with and without rest periods. Compares figures of work load, productivity and pay with and without rest periods. 18. Study of occupations of post-World War I crippled soldiers. Use of magnetic tack hammer for one handled disabled individuals, secretary to Mayor of Boston and his special typewriter, typewriter for another one armed typist. 19. Woman who became a champion typist as a result of Dr. Gilbreth’s instruction and study of the development of the skill. 20. Study of eye movements in conjunction with hand motions-- close up of woman’s face only-- no arm hand motions revealed??21. Part of a study of finger motions which led to the simplified keyboard we use today for typewriters. “The arrangement of keys was made to distribute work in accordance with finger capacities thus increasing typists productivity.” Close up of typists’ fingers at work with a grid superimposed. 22. Study of crew skills on the Hudson features shots of a large scull with crew demonstrating timing and stroke. 24. Dr. Gilbreth suggested that motion study principles could easily be applied to surgical procedures as well as manufacturing operations. Study of surgical procedure demonstrates the location of surgical instruments on patients chest allowing one grasp motions. “In case your concerned-- the operation was successful.”; Gilbreth suggested standardization of surgical routines and assigned specific duties to each doctor and nurse for all common types of operations. In his studies he assigned numbers (ie.1, 2, and 3 for doctors and letters A, B, and C etc. for nurses) Footage of operating room with grid on walls, depicts doctors in numbered scrubs and nurses in lettered scrubs at work. 25. Displays and demonstrates the cyclegraph (a light attached to fingers with flashing device) used by Dr. Gilbreth to study skill. Shots include lights on and lights off. 26. Cyclegraph applied to operation of drill press with lights on and in semi darkness. 27. Motion models made from data collected by Gilbreth are 3-D model versions of workers motions. 28. A film by Dr. Gilbreth to train World War I soldiers on the assembly and cleaning of the Browning machine gun.
January 31, 2016 Subject:
Watch for the Micro-Chronometer!
These extraordinary films speak volumes about this remarkable man and his accomplishments. Gilbreth, who had 12 kids and was the author of 'Cheaper By The Dozen', was a true renaisssance man, film-maker, inventor, and most importantly, the man who championed the methods of motion study. You have to realize all of this was made in the 1920's, and all of the demonstrations no doubt were to be mechanized in the years to come. So a lot of this is very primitive today. Mind you it is kind of funny to watch how people did tasks and how Gilbreth develops methods of doing it FASTER! While all of this is going on, GIlbreth has his 1910 hand cranked camera recording the action, timing his cranks with his Micro-chronometer. Totally fascinating to watch, this is highly reccomended!