In this paper, the effect of different factors on the service life of reinforced concrete structures in marine environments is investigated through a parametric study. The considered case for the study was the two- dimensional diffusion problem. By solving the selected model for corrosion initiation by Finite Element Method, it has been concluded that, corrosion initiates at corner bars before side bars. Also, concrete elements subjected to two-dimensional diffusion are more susceptible to corrosion initiation than elements subjected to one-dimensional diffusion. Moreover, increase in water to cement ratio by 12.5%-50% in range 0.20-0.40 reduces the service life by 6.2%-31%, and by 5.3%-16.9% for the range 0.40-0.60. And, the increase in concrete cover in the range of 20-40 mm by 12.5% - 50% increases the service life by 5.1%-18.8%, and in the range of 35-60 mm by 2.9%-10.3%. The addition of fly ash and blast-furnace slag increased the service life by 6.35%-69.7% due to increase of age factor by 25%-200%. Furthermore, the addition of silica fume by 5%-15% increases the service life by 21.7%-81.2%. Regarding the environmental factors, increasing of temperature by 25%-75% reduces service life by 4.7%-12.75%, and reducing of relative humidity by 25%-50% increases the life by 17.5%-90.4%.are also given.