22. IJESRFEB 201722
Today, the recognition of guidance and counseling activities in school become more urgent in some part of the
country like Bongao, Tawi-Tawi in southern part of the Philippines. The rapid increase of students in the secondary
schools upon the implementation of R.A. # 6655 otherwise known as the Free Public Secondary Act of 1988,
implementation of K-12 curriculum, diversity of educational, socio-cultural, economic background, variety of
instructional access brought by the advancement in information and communication technology, the implementation of
R.A. # 9258 known as the Guidance and Counseling Act of 2004, which regulates the practice of guidance profession.
All of these interwove with the nature of learners who are in the cross-road of confusion and personal dilemma which
demand challenges to meet the changes that are taking place in secondary schools. The moving force to investigate has
been along those contexts and to find out as well the management capability in terms of knowledge of the resources,
guidance management skills and practices in guidance management between the types of school curriculum.
Descriptive method and quantitative research approach are the research design. In the approach to investigate,
this involves the description, analysis and interpretation of the condition that exists (Sevilla, et al.1998). It also involves
the type of comparison to determine the significant difference of what is described (Viscarra, 2003).
This study explored into the organization and management resources for guidance program development of
secondary education schools in Bongao, Tawi-Tawi. It specifically inquired on the various resources provided in the
organization of guidance program; and the level of sufficiency of these resources. It looked into the significant
difference on the level of sufficiency in the provision of resources when data are classified according to the type of
secondary education school curriculum. It also looked into the level of competency of guidance management capabilities
in terms of knowledge on guidance resource management, guidance management skills, and practices in guidance
management. It sought further into the significant difference on the level of competency of guidance management
capabilities in terms of those three areas when data are classified according to the type of secondary education school
It was found out that almost all guidance resources exist in the secondary schools covered by the study or little
insufficiency on the provision of resources as assessed by 144 respondents coming from secondary schools with
specialized curriculum and with general curriculum. The insufficiency was more on personnel resources. Personnel
resources that were insufficient are guidance coordinator, guidance counselor, psychologist, social worker, researcher,
doctor and nurse. On financial resources it was found out only the personal money of the school head that was
insufficient. The rest of the resources such as physical and technical resources were sufficiently provided by the
secondary education school heads. In general, more guidance resources are sufficiently provided by the secondary
school heads. The schools with specialized curriculum were better in terms of guidance resources compared to schools
with general curriculum.
International Journal of Educational
Science and Research (IJESR)
ISSN(P): 2249-6947; ISSN(E): 2249-8052
Vol. 7, Issue 1, Feb 2017, 183-194
© TJPRC Pvt. Ltd.
184 Albiya I. Dagbusan
Impact Factor (JCC):4.5129 NAAS Rating: 4.16
None of the secondary schools attained a not competent level one category on the assessment on the level of
competency of guidance resource management capabilities in terms of knowledge on guidance management resources,
guidance management skills, and practices in guidance management.
Secondary education schools with general curriculum were found to be competent in some areas or less likely
to be competent in other areas. Secondary education schools with specialized curriculum were found too, to be
competent in some areas or less likely to be competent in other areas.
Secondary teacher’s profile should be reviewed where there are some teachers can be potential guidance
workers more so if they can be sent for graduate program on Guidance Education. Medical services can be secured by
establishing linkages with integrated Public Health Office and DOH-ARMM. Financial resources can be augmented
through source donation from possible benefactors either private citizen or group.
Some management resource capabilities can be improved and enhanced by participating regularly on seminars
and trainings where the end in view will lead to efficiency not only on guidance and counselling work but other
administrative and supervisory activities.
Conduct study of the same nature but to be assessed are the guidance workers. Likewise, an in-depth study on
Resource Management Capabilities for Guidance Program Development is also recommended covering the various
Higher Educational Institutions.
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