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The Godane Inbox
Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Border surveillance is an important concern for most nations wanting to detect and intercept intruders that are trying to trespass a border. These intruders can include terrorists, drug traffickers, smugglers, illegal immigrants, and others who represent a threat to national interests. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) allow for modernization and improvement of border surveillance. There are a number of advantages to using UAVs. Many UAVs can be controlled by a single operator, which reduces...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *DRUG SMUGGLING, *ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS,...
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We propose and demonstrate a novel architecture for on-the-fly inference while collecting data from sparse sensor networks. In particular, we consider source localization using acoustic sensors dispersed over a large area, with the individual sensors located too far apart for direct connectivity. An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is employed for collecting sensor data, with the UAV route adaptively adjusted based on data from sensors already visited, in order to minimize the time to localize...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA BARBARA DEPT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING, *ACOUSTIC...
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In this report, it was shown how the locations of the closedloop poles of a feedback control system may be specified and the necessary compensation may be found. This compensation does not require the use of cancellation or nullification of open-loop poles and zeros. The method is exact and involves nothing more difficult than the solution of a set of simultaneous equations. This next problem to be faced is how to specify the locations of the closed-loop poles so that the system meets the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, TRW SPACE TECHNOLOGY LABS LOS ANGELES CA, *FEEDBACK, *FUNCTIONS(MATHEMATICS),...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The PHELIX pulsed-power driver is a 300 kJ, portable, transformer-coupled, capacitor bank capable of delivering 3-5 MA, 10 s pulse into a low inductance load. Here we describe further testing and hydrodynamics experiments. First, a 4 nH static inductive load has been constructed. This allows for repetitive high-voltage, high-current testing of the system. Results are used in the calibration of simple circuit models and numerical simulations across a range of bank charges ( 20 V0 40 kV)....
Topics: DTIC Archive, LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LAB NM, *HYDRODYNAMICS, CAPACITORS, NUMERICAL ANALYSIS, POWER...
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The National Museum of the United States Air Force (NMUSAF) requires an adequate facility to display its ever-growing collection of space vehicles and other historic artifacts that depict the material history of the USAF. The material is displayed to educate the general public and to train Air Force personnel in the technical and historic heritage of their service in the USAF. To adequately display these artifacts, the USAF has proposed a 224,000 square foot addition to the existing museum...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT CENTER WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH AIR BASE WING (88TH),...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Contemporary crises have become increasingly complex and the methods of leading through them have failed to keep pace. If it is assumed that leadership matters that it has a legitimate effect on the outcome of a crisis, then leaders have a duty to respond to that adaptation with modifications of their own. Using literature sources, the research explores crisis complexity, crisis leadership, and alternative leadership strategies. Specifically, the research evaluates the applicability of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *HOMELAND SECURITY, *LEADERSHIP, *STRATEGIC...
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The AFRC is proposing to manage tree obstructions to preserve flight safety at Dobbins ARB, through tree felling or trimming. The purpose of the Proposed Action is to manage tree obstructions at Dobbins ARB in accordance with Federal Aviation Regulation Part 77 and United Facilities Criteria 3-260-1. The need for the Proposed Action is to preserve flight safety at Dobbins ARB and allow the installation to maintain their flying mission. To identify natural obstructions around Dobbins ARB, a Tree...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE AIRLIFT WING (94TH) DOBBINS ARB GA, *ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, AIRPORTS,...
The U.S. Navy Supply Corps officer community s professional development guidance does not solidly link to the organization's strategic vision, goals, or objectives. This study qualitatively analyzes the degree of alignment between officer development guidance and strategic initiatives. It evaluates two sets of documents: near-, mid-, and long-term strategy and individual career guidance playbooks. As Supply Corps officers progress through military service, career milestones do not reflect the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *CAREERS, *MILITARY SUPPLIES, *OFFICER...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Results of an exploratory analysis aimed at deriving better cost- estimating relationships for computer programming development are presented. Based equations that estimate costs in terms of such resources as man months and computer hours are derived. Since these estimating devices were evolved from a small and, perhaps, unrepresentative sample of programs, the use of these equations is not recommended for actual planning. The study concludes that multivariate regression analysis, supplemented...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, COLLECTING METHODS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The U.S. Army Research Laboratory has designed and built a new power supply to fire laboratory guns in support of armor research. The new power supply is specifically designed to drive a solenoid into a percussion primer or ignite the M52A3B1 electric primer. To reduce power requirements, it uses charged capacitor banks to drive the solenoid or ignite the primer. This report details the design and construction of the power supplies.
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD, *ELECTRIC PRIMERS, *GUNS, *POWER...
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The influence of the Low-Frequency Foam Insulator (LOFFI) accelerometer mount on measured data is characterized via the creation of a frequency-domain gain function from experimental data. This function is then applied to individual trials in order to determine the extent to which the gain function is able to replicate the LOFFI mount s influence.
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD, *ACCELEROMETERS, *EXPERIMENTAL DATA,...
Aegis readiness is an increasing concern as ships age, Navy budgets shrink, and potential adversaries make strides toward combat power parity in diverse regions around the world. Keys to combat effectiveness are materiel readiness and crew proficiency. Live fire missile exercises are a proven way to gauge the former while contributing to the latter, but the use of combat missiles for this purpose is both expensive and depletes the inventory on hand should conflict break out. This study explores...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *GUIDED MISSILES, COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, FIRING...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Several major United States retailers have suffered large-scale thefts of payment card information as the result of intrusions against point-of-sale systems (smart cash registers). Point-of-sale attacks present a growing threat and can constitute a homeland-security problem due to a trans-national cyber crime element. This thesis presents results of a survey of point-of-sale intrusions that reached at least the start of criminal investigation. The survey showed that attacks were generally quite...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *CRIMES, *PAYMENT, *PREVENTION, *THEFT,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This paper summarizes the major types of expandable structures which are as follows; inflatable balloon, rigidized membrane, airmatt, foamed-in-place, expandable honeycomb and variable geometry structures. Emphasis is placed on materials, system characteristics, and advancements required to perfect each type of expandable structure. Finally, a discussion is given on future significant expandable structures experiments that will be conducted by the Air Force.
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE AERO PROPULSION LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH, *REENTRY VEHICLES,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States Coast Guard (CG) is currently using Microsoft products as the main means of completing Manpower Requirement Determinations (MRDs). This does not allow the CG to produce reliable, repeatable, and defendable determinations nor does it assist in meeting the 5-year evaluation cycle of 128 unit types. For the CG to ensure human capital decisions are scientifically based and become more efficient in MRD completion, the CG will transition to a MRD system that automates much of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *COAST GUARD, *MANPOWER, COMPUTER...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The report is a new cumulative listing of unclassfied reports published since the Laboratory was established in 1951. The 15 July 1961 edition of Unclassified Publications, as well as Supplements 1, 2, and 3, may now be de stroyed. A Subject Index, included for the first time in this edition, should prove a valuable aid to the reader. Progress Reports, Technical Reports and Group Reports listed herein are deposited with DDC. Out-of-print unclassified (released) reports are available, as...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB, *PHYSICS LABORATORIES,...
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The design and optimization of higher efficiency Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) solar cells are investigated in this thesis. Optimizing the thickness layers of a cell for various band gaps was conducted in order to design a cell that exceeds the current industry efficiency record of 20.8%. Silvaco provides a modeling program called ATLAS that is specifically designed to model semiconductor devices. ATLAS was used to model a CIGS cell that is currently being produced to verify the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *COPPER, *GALLIUM, *INDIUM, *LIGHTWEIGHT,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Cogenra Solar, Inc. set out to demonstrate an innovative hybrid electric/thermal solar cogeneration system at Port Hueneme (Naval Base Ventura County) and the Parks Reserve Forces Training Area (PRFTA) (Dublin, CA), validate and document performance and cost advantages, and develop financing models and engineering tools to expedite transfer of the technology widely across DoD facilities. Cogenra s approach combines proven PV and SHW technologies into a single integrated solar cogeneration...
Topics: DTIC Archive, COGENRA SOLAR MOUNTAIN VIEW CA, *ELECTRICITY, *HYBRID SYSTEMS, *SOLAR ENERGY,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Rapid Building Assessment demonstration project focused on determining whether FirstFuel's end-to-end solution can enable the DoD to scale energy efficiency initiatives across its large and varied building portfolio. FirstFuel analytics were applied to 100 Department of Defense (DoD) buildings in total across five different DoD specific categories ofbuilding types and 11 locations. The successful achievement of the performance objectives suggest that the FirstFuel RBA can present...
Topics: DTIC Archive, FIRSTFUEL SOFTWARE LEXINGTON MA, *ENERGY CONSUMPTION, *MILITARY FACILITIES, ACCURACY,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Large naval surface combatants are potentially held at risk by adversarial anti-access aerial denial (A2AD) weapon systems. To mitigate that risk we propose a distributed surface force concept, which relies on a cost-effective small surface combatant (SSC) capable of augmenting current forces in the 2025 2030 timeframe. We show that dispensing offensive and defensive power onto numerous smaller platforms has several advantages, including a more resilient force structure, greater number of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *NAVAL VESSELS(COMBATANT), ANTISHIP MISSILES,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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To interdict dark networks and prevent terrorist attacks, security forces require consistent access to relevant intelligence and targeting data. Dark networks often react to a security force s targeting pressure by obscuring their activities and becoming increasingly covert. Network adaptation to targeting pressure can frequently lead to intelligence gaps and lulls in targeting that may be both predictable and preventable if identified early. This study will examine the efficacy of the two...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *INTELLIGENCE, *INTERDICTION, *NETWORKS, DATA...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This thesis proposes a decision-support process to facilitate a more comprehensive approach that U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) may adopt to reclaim control of Northern Mali from violent extremist organizations (VEOs). Specifically, the thesis explores the effectiveness of intervening with sustainable-development projects to deter, displace, or defeat VEOs. The author defines the problem through a systems approach by investigating the conditions that contribute to the Malian government s lack of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *AFRICA, *COUNTERTERRORISM, *DOMESTIC...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Ten adult monkeys, eight on negatively reinforced (low level shock) tasks and two on positively reinforced (food reward) tasks, were injected with either 2 mg, 4 mg, or 1 mg followed by 2 mg decaborane per kg body weight, and their performance on various operant tasks was compared with baseline performance. All animals exhibited a performance decrement on at least one task, with 75% of the subjects exhibiting a decrement on the remaining tasks. In over half the cases performance changes...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH, *DECABORANES,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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As the United States Navy makes leaps forward in technology that is being deployed onboard ships, there is a growing need for research to predict what will be needed to integrate new weapon systems with old. Directed energy weapons are being deployed onboard naval platforms starting in 2014, and this paper seeks to answer the question of what energy storage, if any, must be used in conjunction with high-power lasers in order to integrate them with current ships in the fleet. Four energy storage...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPONS, *ENERGY STORAGE,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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With the increase of the loaded weight that a Marine carries, the integration of robotics is a significant point of interest to the United States Marine Corps, especially to the Expeditionary Energy Office. Through the use of the agent-based modeling and simulation application, Pythagoras, robots are integrated into a Marine Expeditionary Unit's rifle platoon to alleviate the burden on each Marine. This study examines the rifle platoon s energy and power consumption, operational reach, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *PLATOON LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS, *RIFLES,...
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Like Japan in the 1970s, the People's Republic of China is currently facing economic growth measured in double-digit numbers. As both countries have faced, and continue to face, energy resource scarcity to feed their economic growth, they have reached out to the world to get these resources. How did Japan and how does today's China ensure access to needed energy resources like oil and gas? How can these efforts be viewed according to international relations theory? Both countries use...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *CHINA, *ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, *JAPAN,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The primary goal of the study was to establish criteria for designing high power microwave amplifiers capable of adequately functioning in environments associated with space missions. The expected space environment, both natural and artificial, was carefully catalogued and a special treatment for calculating the ionizing radiation of the Van Allen Belts developed, including assumptions and their degree of uncertainty. The effects of the over- all environment on the materials of a space tube...
Topics: DTIC Archive, BENDIX CORP SOUTHFIELD MI, *SPACE ENVIRONMENTS, *ELECTRON TUBES, *MICROWAVE...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In today s world, innovations in software have provided organizations a platform to establish a collaborative environment that leverages new technologies. The Marine Corps is not immune from these innovations and must look at current innovations that can link current systems to decision makers. As today s technology has advanced, the Marine Corps duty is to influence innovations to provide a collaborate environment. This collaborative environment, specifically command and control (C2) systems,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *COMPUTER PROGRAMS, *MARINE CORPS PLANNING,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Ongoing technological advances in such disparate areas as consumer electronics, transportation, and energy generation and distribution are often hindered by the capabilities of current energy storage/conversion systems, thereby driving the search for high-performance power sources that are also economically viable, safe to operate, and have limited environmental impact. Electrochemical capacitors (ECs) are a class of energy-storage devices that fill the gap between the high specific energy of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *CAPACITORS, ELECTROCHEMISTRY, ENERGY STORAGE
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Complex activity typically consists of temporally sequential or overlapping primitive events occurring over a time interval. The existing dynamic models are point-based and they cannot effectively model event temporal dependences. To overcome this limitation, we introduce the Interval Temporal Bayesian Network (ITBN), a novel graphical model that combines the Bayesian Network with the Interval Algebra, to explicitly model the temporal dependencies over time intervals. Furthermore, to handle the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INST TROY NY, *COMPUTER VISION, FACE(ANATOMY), HUMANS, MOTION,...
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Understanding when operators are experiencing high workload is important in the design and implementation of Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) systems. Fortunately physiological metrics, such as pupillary reflexes, have been shown to correlate with increases in mental workload. This paper proposes an automated method for characterizing and identifying task evoked pupillary responses (TEPR) during various workload levels. This...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *REFLEXES, ALGORITHMS, EYE, WORKLOAD
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Cyclodextrins are torus-shaped polymers of glucose that can bind organophosphorous compounds such as nerve agents and pesticides.We demonstrate here that cyclodextrin can bind up to two paraoxon molecules with a Kav of 6775M-1. Molecular modeling shows that the paraoxon appears to bind in polar opposite orientation and have an average binding energy of -89 Kcals/mol.
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH INST OF CHEMICAL DEFENSE ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD, *DEXTRINS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The United States Air Force (USAF) is issuing this Record of Decision (ROD) for the KC-46A Formal Training Unit (FTU) and First Main Operating Base (MOB 1) Beddown Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) (Federal Register (FR), Vol. 79, No. 55, EIS No. 20140074, page. 15741, March 21, 2014). In making this decision, the information, analysis, and public comnients contained in the KC-46A FTU and MOB 1 Beddown Final EIS (FEIS), along with other relevant matters, were considered. This ROD is prepared...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE CIVIL ENGINEER CENTER JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO TX, *AIR FORCE FACILITIES,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Experimental results on the frequency spectra, vibration modes, and structural damping of a series of thin-walled cylinders subjected to internal pressure are presented. Within the estimated accuracy, the experimental results show good agreement with the features predicted by the linear theory of elastic shells.
Topics: DTIC Archive, THOMPSON RAMO WOOLDRIDGE INC LOS ANGELES CA, *DAMPING, *SHELLS(STRUCTURAL FORMS),...
This article presents the integration of brain injury biomechanics and graph theoretical analysis of neuronal connections, or connectomics, to form a neurocomputational model that captures spatiotemporal characteristics of trauma. We relate localized mechanical brain damage predicted from biofidelic finite element simulations of the human head subjected to impact with degradation in the structural connectome for a single individual. The finite element model incorporates various length scales...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA BARBARA, *TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURIES, BIOMECHANICS, FINITE...
A mass spectrometric study of the vaporization of the compounds GeO2 (hex) and GeO(am) and of the mixture GeO2(hex) + Ge(c) made it possible to establish their mode of vaporization: (I) GeO2(hex) - GeO(g) + I/2O2; (II) n GeO(am) - (GeO)n(g) (n=1, 2, 3); (III) n/2 GeO2(hex) + n/2 Ge(c) - (GeO)n(g) (n = 1, 2, 3). The enthalpies of vaporization at 298K are: (I) = 121.2=1.6 kcal/ mole; (II, n = 1) = 53.4=1.0 kcal/mole; (III, n = 1) = 58.2=1.0 kcal/mole. The polymerization energies at 298K are:...
Topics: DTIC Archive, BRUSSELS UNIV (BELGIUM), *GERMANIUM COMPOUNDS, *THERMOCHEMISTRY, BELGIUM, DIOXIDES,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Defining Adaptive Capacity in the Context of Environmental Change (DACE) project set out to understand the relationship between environmental factors and human security for developing regions. In this reporting period (month 2-3) the team collected and organised data related to the above objective. The project workshop held in Washington DC in February 2014 served to further develop the analytic framework and discuss data overlay as part of the data fusion process. The next steps are to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, COUNCIL FOR SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH PRETORIA (SOUTH AFRICA), *BEHAVIORAL...
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Topics: DTIC Archive, MITRE CORP MCLEAN VA, *DATA MANAGEMENT, *INFORMATION EXCHANGE, *STANDARDS, COMMAND...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Recent ambitions have been aimed at improving a free-burning arc modeling by means of a self-consistent description of the arc plasma and the electrodes avoiding assumptions of equilibrium. As next step, the present work is dealing with the impact of the reaction chemistry used in non-equilibrium modelling of free-burning arc in argon. A simple chemistry model based on the approximation of prompt ionization, a model with an effective excited level, and a model implying higher excited levels of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, INP GREIFSWALD (GERMANY), *ARGON, *CHEMICAL REACTIONS, ATOMS, COLLISIONS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Theoretical models of the atmosphere of Mars were computed on the basis of present factual knowledge with a minimum of assumptions. The resultant model atmosphere gives extreme upper and lower limits for pressure, temperature, and density in the Martian atmosphere up to 150 km altitude. While this rigorous method yielded reliable data needed for the engineering design of space probes, the spread of values is still extremely wide and indicative of the present scarcity of knowledge.
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *MARS(PLANET), *PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES, ATMOSPHERE MODELS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Aircraft Maintenance Contractors (AMC), Quality Assurance Evaluators (QAE), and T-38 Contractor Operated and Maintained Base Supply (T-COMBS) staff currently manage the daily flight schedule, direct all activities for 234 aircraft with over 85,000 flying hours each year, and provide launch/recovery support for 60,000 sorties each year. These personnel are currently located within three separate underutilized facilities: Building 640 (AMC), Building 634 (QAE), and Building 642 (T-COMBS). The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE FLYING TRAINING WING (14TH) COLUMBUS AFB MS, *AIR FORCE FACILITIES,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This thesis investigated the evolution of oxide particles caused by friction stir welding of oxide dispersion strengthened steel, MA956. Eight welding conditions were used of different rotation and traverse rates, resulting in a range of heat inputs affecting weld quality. Raman spectroscopy was used to identify and map the distribution of yttrium-aluminum oxide particles in cross sections of the welds. Electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy provided additional information...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *ALUMINUM ALLOYS, *OXIDES, *RAMAN...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Information Assurance Technical Framework (IATF) document, Release 3.1, provides technical guidance for protecting the information infrastructures of the United States (U.S.) Government and industry. The information infrastructure processes, stores, and transmits information critical to the mission and business operations of an organization. This information is protected through information assurance (IA) that addresses all the security requirements of today's information infrastructure. IA...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY/CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE FORT MEADE MD, *INFORMATION...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Few moments are as lonely or frustrating as being the last person at an airport baggage carousel with the sudden realization that your luggage will not be making an appearance. As the next flight's cargo is announced by the seemingly taunting siren, you review the possible scenarios Is my bag on the wrong plane? Has my luggage gone on to star in an episode TV's Baggage Battles? Was it something I said? In the end, you know you have just entered another dimension, a dimension of disappointment...
Topics: DTIC Archive, BUREAU OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY (NAVY) FALLS CHURCH VA, *MILITARY HISTORY, *MILITARY...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Numerous organizational mergers fail because the post-merger integration process fails: this research responds by investigating the concealed relationship of the known, premerger organizational characteristics, on the unknown, post-merger consequences. Various structural and behavioral characteristics of the merging organizations are studied to measure their association with two decisive outcomes: the integration of the distinctive cultures and the combined organization s performance....
Topics: DTIC Archive, CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA INST FOR SOFTWARE RESEARCH, *ORGANIZATIONS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Splatting is a popular direct volume rendering algorithm. However the algorithm does not correctly render cases where the volume sampling rate is higher than the image sampling rate (e.g. more than one voxel maps into a pixel). This situation arises with orthographic projections of high-resolution volumes, as well as with perspective projections of volumes of any resolution. The result is potentially severe spatial and temporal aliasing artifacts. Some volume ray-casting algorithms avoid these...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION, ALGORITHMS, COMPUTER...
This specification describes the projected Query Language Computer- Directed Instruction program which permits active on-console training of personnel in the writing and processing of OTC Query Language statements in System 473L. The files, programs, and processes of the program and a sample computer-trainee interaction are detailed. General flow charts for a possible computer program implementing the specifications are provided, designed for the IBM 1401 or 14100 computer.
Topics: DTIC Archive, AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH PITTSBURGH PA, *COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Cavity quantum electrodynamics, a central research field in optics and solid-state physics, addresses properties of atom-like emitters in cavities and can be divided into a weak and a strong coupling regime. For weak coupling, the spontaneous emission can be enhanced or reduced compared with its vacuum level by tuning discrete cavity modes in and out of resonance with the emitter. However, the most striking change of emission properties occurs when the conditions for strong coupling are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *CAVITIES, *QUANTUM DOTS, *QUANTUM ELECTRODYNAMICS,...
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Augmented reality (AR) displays often reduce the visual capabilities of the user. This reduction can be measured both objectively and through user studies. We acquired objective measurements with a color meter and conducted two user studies for each of two key measurements. First was the combined effect of resolution and display contrast, which equate to the visual acuity and apparent brightness. The combined effect may be captured by the contrast sensitivity function and measured through...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC VIRTUAL REALITY LAB, *AUGMENTATION, *INFORMATION...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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A diffusion-drift treatment of electron and hole transport in macroscopic graphene is presented. The various material response functions that enter the theory are outlined and to the extent possible, specified and calibrated. For purposes of illustration, the theory is applied to a variety of situations involving field-effect devices that are of potential technological interest. Both single and multilayer graphene are discussed, as is the effect of the small bandgaps that have been reported for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC ELECTRONICS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DIV, *ELECTRON...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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We propose a method to generate a two-dimensional cluster state of polarization encoded photonic qubits from two coupled quantum dot emitters. We combine the proposal for generating one-dimensional cluster state strings from a single dot, with a new proposal for an induced conditional phase gate between the two quantum dots. The entanglement between the two dots translates to entanglement between the two photonic cluster state strings. Further interpair coupling of the quantum dots using...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *CLUSTERING, *COUPLING(INTERACTION), *OPTICS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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We are developing techniques to forecast terrorist events and effective ways to present these forecasts to intelligence analysts. Forecasts come from analyzing historical event data and geographical information. We explore feature reduction techniques to make the computations closer to real-time and techniques for representing the confidence (or uncertainty) of the data.
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *ALGORITHMS, *MATHEMATICAL PREDICTION, CONFIDENCE...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Recent developments in computing hardware have begun to make mobile and wearable Augmented Reality (AR) systems a reality. With this new freedom, AR systems can now be used in a very wide range of applications including disaster relief, localization and repair of utilities and even as an assistant for tourists walking through unfamiliar historical sites. This paper considers the use of AR to assist with the task of warfighting in an urban environment. Urban environments are compact, complicated...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC ADVANCED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, *INFORMATION...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This guide provides an introduction to scheduling intended for use by government program managers and industry program of project managers and their respective staffs. It is the third version of a 1986 publication prepared by Mr. David D. Acker, Mr. J. Stanley Baumgartner, and Mr. Michael B. Patterson. A second version, published in 1994, was prepared by Mr. William W. Bahnmaier and Mr. Paul T. McMahon. This version addresses many of the topics contained in their earlier versions, especially...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT COLL FORT BELVOIR VA, *PROJECT MANAGEMENT, *SCHEDULING,...
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The challenges facing today s program manager (PM) have increased dramatically. The 2001 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) described the need to reduce the logistics footprint, improve our global mobility, and increase reliability of DoD weapon systems. The new DoD 5000.1 and 5000.2 are oriented toward achieving these objectives while also reducing the time required for development and deployment of needed warfighter capability through implementation of evolutionary acquisition strategies and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WASHINGTON DC, *LOGISTICS, *MANAGEMENT, *MILITARY...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This tenth edition of Introduction to Defense Acquisition Management includes revisions to the regulatory framework for Defense systems acquisition from the December 2008 Department of Defense Instruction 5000.02, the Weapons System Acquisition Reform Act of 2009, and the July 2009 version of the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System Manual. This edition also reflects the 2010 change from a biennial to an annual Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution process. This...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE ACQUISITION UNIV FT BELVOIR VA, *MANAGEMENT, *MILITARY PROCUREMENT,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This book provides a basic, conceptual-level description of engineering management disciplines that relate to the development and life cycle management of a system. For the non-engineer it provides an overview of how a system is developed. For the engineer and project manager it provides a basic framework for planning and assessing system development. Information in the book is from various sources, but a good portion is taken from lecture material developed for the two Systems Planning,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE ACQUISITION UNIV FT BELVOIR VA, *SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, ACQUISITION, DECISION...
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This document calls attention to the need for assessing and solving ecological problems in the post-attack environment as an integral part of Civil Defense. Basic ecological principles involving food chain relationships, climax growth, biological and environmental relationship, and land management are considered. The large-scale damage due to fire, drought, flood and other things has already presented the world with problems of reconstruction and reconstitution of biotic communities which are...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *CIVIL DEFENSE, *ECOLOGY, *POSTATTACK OPERATIONS, NUCLEAR...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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With the majority of U.S. Army operations over the past decade focused on counterinsurgency (COIN) operations, there is value in the study of other contemporary campaigns to increase the Army's depth of understanding. India has conducted a COIN campaign in Jammu and Kashmir, also referred to as Kashmir, since 1989. A conflict that began as a nationalist movement to create an autonomous Kashmiri state has evolved into a conflict now focused on extremist Muslim groups. Operating in the context of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
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The ever-increasing power of computers and hardware rendering systems has, to date, primarily motivated the creation of visually rich and perceptually realistic virtual environment (VE) applications. Comparatively very little effort has been expended on the user interaction components of VEs. As a result, VE user interfaces are often poorly designed and are rarely evaluated with users. Although usability engineering is a newly emerging facet of VE development, user-centered design and usability...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *VIRTUAL REALITY, COST EFFECTIVENESS, HEURISTIC...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Results from improved alignment and concentricity, optimization of cathode coating and improved exhaust fixturing are now being applied to regular production tubes. Best results during humidity test have been obtained by improving plating techniques and controls to minimize metal shell corrosion. The improved tubes have given superior life test results with the anode seal temperature at 225C. The inverted cathode support ring results in cathode subassemblies with better uniformity and increased...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GENERAL ELECTRIC CO OWENSBORO KY, *MANUFACTURING, *TRIODES, TEMPERATURE,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This paper describes the software architecture of Dragon, a real-time situational awareness virtual environment for battlefield visualization. Dragon receives data from a number of different sources and creates a single, coherent and consistent three-dimensional display. We describe the problem of Battlefield Visualization and the challenges it imposes. We discuss the Dragon architecture, the rational for its design, and its performance in an actual application. The battlefield VR system is...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *VIRTUAL REALITY, ARCHITECTURE, COHERENCE, COMMAND...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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DoD management has become increasingly concerned with broad-based increases in defense contractor indirect-cost rates. Many factors have contributed to these rate increases the major factor is the significant reduction in the business base for most defense contractors due to the declining defense budget. As a result, DoD has expanded efforts to strengthen monitoring indirect costs. It has become important for acquisition management personnel to thoroughly understand the complex and sensitive...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT COLL FORT BELVOIR VA, *COSTS, *FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This Sixteenth Edition (version 1.0) of the DAU Program Managers Tool Kit contains a graphic summary of acquisition policies and managerial skills frequently required by DoD program managers. It is a current version of a Tool Box that was first developed by Charles F. Schied of the Defense Acquisition University (DAU) Program Management Course (PMC) 92-1. The information in the Tool Kit is extracted from DAU course material and is based on DoDD 5000.01 (May 12, 2003), DoDI 5000.02 (December 8,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEFENSE ACQUISITION UNIV FT BELVOIR VA, *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, *MILITARY...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Several expressions for the output time function of a linear-FM pulse-compression filter, which have recently been derived, (ESD-TDR-64-128) are compared and interpreted. Comparisons are made analytically as well as graphically with respect to several pertinent parameters. It is shown that if the phase and envelope measurements of signals returned from an actual target were to be interpreted as though the signal had undergone a Doppler shift (instead of a time dilation), a considerable error...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MITRE CORP BEDFORD MA, *PULSE COMPRESSION, *SIGNALS, FREQUENCY MODULATION, RADAR...
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This paper will describe the application of improved methods of sorting, classifying, and identifying pulsed and modulated CW command and control (C2) emitters, whether air, land, sea, or subsurface. These methods are based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and include: (1) Probabilistic reasoning techniques such as Bayesian and/or Dempster-Shafer theory for data fusion and analysis; (2) Genetic algorithms for multi-dimensional search and optimization (i.e. to search for optimized maneuvering and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC TACTICAL ELECTRONIC WARFARE DIV, *MULTIAGENT...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The scope of this document is contained in the title. The approach used is to plot or tabulate the number of occurrences of the different types of deviations in IRIG Document No. 106-60 Telemetry Standards (revised June 1962). The general trends indicated by these tables and graphs are discussed for nine general classes of deviations. Further reports will indicate the proposed handling of this and any additional data.
Topics: DTIC Archive, MITRE CORP BEDFORD MA, *BANDWIDTH, TABLES(DATA), TELEMETERING DATA, PULSE ANALYZERS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Simple models are utilized to calculate the order of magnitude of errors generated by reentry and flame plasma effects in typical tracking systems.
Topics: DTIC Archive, MITRE CORP BEDFORD MA, *TRACKING, ERRORS, EXHAUST FLAMES, RADAR INTERFERENCE,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Due to the spatial extent and nonhomogenous nature of area sources, quantification of the total pollutant emission using traditional point sampling and dispersion modeling techniques can be problematic. Ground-based optical remote sensing (ORS) techniques provide several measurement advantages over point sampling methods with regard to assessment of inhomogeneous, extended area sources. The ORS radial plume mapping (RPM) methods that were tested and demonstrated under U.S. Environmental...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY TECHNOLOGY CERTIFICATION PROGRAM ALEXANDRIA VA, *AIR...
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Marine mammals are protected by three Acts of Congress: the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (MMPA), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA), and the National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) of 1969. The MMPA prohibits any person or vessel subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to take a marine mammal where take is defined as to harass, hunt, capture, or kill, or attempt to harass, hunt, capture, or kill any marine mammal. Most of the large whale species were placed on the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION MA, *ACOUSTIC DETECTION, *ACOUSTIC DETECTORS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Electrical breakdown in a composite gas-solid dielectric is described in qualitative terms. Continuum- and particle-based calculations are performed on idealized structures. The analysis and the calculations suggest that dielectric permittivity has an important role at early times in the breakdown events. The continuum calculations show that the space-charge limited current in the solid dielectric has an important role at longer times. At very long times, the Joule heating from the space-charge...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SANDIA NATIONAL LABS ALBUQUERQUE NM, *BREAKDOWN(ELECTRONIC THRESHOLD), COMPUTATIONS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The former Erie Army Depot, Ottawa County, OH, is located along the western shore of Lake Erie about 5 miles west of the town of Port Clinton. This site and the associated impact areas are designated by the United States Government as a Formerly Used Defense Site (FUDS) under the Defense Environmental Restoration Program (DERP).1,2 This property was formerly used for artillery, testing and mortar and small arms training, resulting in impact areas on land and northward into the Lake almost to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORP (SAIC) CARY NC, *ARMY FACILITIES, *EXPLOSIVE...
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The CoAX demonstration was an international effort, sponsored by the Defense Research Projects Agency (DARPA), Defense Science Technology Office (DSTO), Defense Scientific Technical Laboratory (DSTL), and The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP). CoAX was a collaboration between DoD labs, industry, and academia to showcase the power of software agents to rapidly construct and maintain a coalition Command and Control Structure. The CoAX demonstration was conducted through numerous Technology...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS, INTEGRATION,...
How did munitions supply and distribution affect the execution of operational art by the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) during World War I? The AEF had many logistical challenges during World War I. The majority of academic research focused on the lack of preparedness on a national level and the subsequent logistical issues caused by the difficulties in the mobilization of the industrial base. This study focuses on how the operational planners and leaders dealt with the supply of munitions...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Tensile tests were conducted on recrystallized 0.060 in. and 0.100 in. tungsten sheet from room temperature up to 3500F. Notched- and unnotched- tensile tests were conducted on the 0.060 in. tungsten sheet in the optimum and recrystallized connditions at moderately elevated temperatures (9900F and below) to determine the notched-tensile, brittle-ductile transition temperature. Tensile tests were conducted on recrystallized 0.060 in. and 0.100 in. tungsten sheet from room temperature up to 3500...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SOUTHERN RESEARCH INST BIRMINGHAM AL, *MOLYBDENUM ALLOYS, BRITTLENESS, CARBON ALLOYS,...
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313 references were reviewed to obtain data relevant to the fate, transport, and environmental impacts of chemical agents in marine environments. The review covers the chemical agents phosgene, cyanogen chloride, hydrogen cyanide, sulfur mustard, Lewisite nitrogen mustard \201HN1\202, Tabun, Sarin, and VX. Parameters covered in the review are boiling point, melting point, density, vapor pressure, solubility, Henry?s Law constant, partition coefficients, dissociation constants, and hydrolysis...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NOBLIS FALLS CHURCH VA, *CHEMICAL AGENTS, *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, *OCEAN ENVIRONMENTS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In multi-agent systems, roles provide an apriori decomposition of the task based on the interactions of the agents. Roles are instantiated by the agents' actions and/or messages. Role allocation has emerged as a key computational tool in the coordination of intelligent agents who are flexible enough to take on any role. It is in this context that some rethinking about roles and their representation is needed. Illustrations in the game of Go, a game of strategy, highlight the key issues.
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *MULTIAGENT SYSTEMS, *ROLES(BEHAVIOR),...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The second method used by Lyapunov to study the stability of the trivial solution of dx/dt = Ax + f (x) leads to the problem of solving the matrix equation AX + XA' = C. It is shown that this question is related to Kronecker products and Kronecker sums, and the general problem of solving AX + XB = C is resolved in this fashion.
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, *MATRICES(MATHEMATICS),...
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LT General Buchholz, the J6 director for Command, Control, Communications, and Computer Systems, initiated the Network Warfare Simulation (NETWARS) program in 1996. This was in response to concerns that C4ISR networks and systems, when exposed to full operational loading and unanticipated effects, may be susceptible to performance degradation and failure. The objective of the NETWARS program is to provide a simulation environment that allows the end user to conduct communications burden...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *COMMAND CONTROL COMMUNICATIONS, DEGRADATION, NAVY
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The FY06 Defense Appropriation contains funding for the Development of Advanced, Sophisticated, Discrimination Technologies for UXO Cleanup in the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program. In 2003, the Defense Science Board observed: The problem is that instruments that can detect the buried UXOs also detect numerous scrap metal objects and other artifacts, which leads to an enormous amount of expensive digging. Typically 100 holes may be dug before a real UXO is unearthed! The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY LAWRENCE BERKELEY LAB, *EXPLOSIVES DETECTION, *MILITARY...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The overall goals of the VISION project are to identify new neuroprotective agents in mouse models of injury to the visual axis and propose therapeutic candidates for preserving vision in warfighters who have sustained ocular injuries. In our first year of this project, we have recruited and hired knowledgeable and dedicated scientists to establish the infrastructure necessary for the proposed studies. During this first year, we established: (1) animal model and histology core laboratories, (2)...
Topics: DTIC Archive, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS HEALTH SCIENCE CENTER FORT WORTH TX, *NEUROCHEMISTRY,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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During this second year of the project our efforts have continued to focus on the regulatory aspects of this complex clinical trial. We communicated directly with regulatory experts in the US Army and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). We have successfully obtained an Investigational Device Exemption from the FDA Center for Devices and Radiological Health Office of Device Evaluation. We subsequently received approval of the proposal from the University Pittsburgh Institutional Review...
Topics: DTIC Archive, PITTSBURGH UNIV PA, *CARDIAC ARREST, *CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION, *DRUGS,...
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The present study examined the sensitivity of several candidate metrics of real-time workload within the spatial component of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) task. Advanced Brain Monitoring s (ABM) wireless B-Alert system was used to collect participant s EEG workload and engagement data. Eye tracking data was also collected. The UAV simulation required participants to report heading information of moving vehicles, as seen from the UAV. There were four blocks of difficulty, over which a...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *ADAPTIVE TRAINING, *REMOTELY PILOTED VEHICLES,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING, BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS, EQUATIONS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This paper proposes a new approach to multi-agent systems leveraging from recent advances in networking and reinforcement learning to scale up teamwork based on joint intentions. In this approach, teamwork is subsumed by the coordination of learning agents. The intuition at the global level generates opportunities for teamwork interactions at the local level and vice versa. This unique approach scales up model-based teamwork theory with an adaptive approach to coordination.
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *MULTIAGENT SYSTEMS, LEARNING
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of this study is to understand the recently documented increase in rates of child maltreatment and neglect in the US Army. The project employs a three prong research methodology (using clinical chart reviews, survey methodology of key informants, and demographic community analyses) to: 1) facilitate understanding of the phenomenology of Army child neglect, 2) identify child, parent, and family risk and protective factors that contribute to neglect, 3) identify military community...
Topics: DTIC Archive, HENRY M JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MILITARY MEDICINE ROCKVILLE MD,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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During this third tear of the project our efforts have continued to focus on the regulatory aspects of this compleclinical trial. We communicated directly with regulatory experts in the US Army and local Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) at the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Maryland. We have successfully obtained an Investigational Device Exemption from the FDA Center for Devices and Radiological Health Office of Device Evaluation. We subsequently received approval of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, PITTSBURGH UNIV PA, *CARDIAC ARREST, *CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION, *DRUGS,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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During the first funding cycle, we have worked closely with Dr Wang to develop a series of animal models to assess the efficacy of the imaging compounds that he has developed to detect demyelination and remyelination in the intact brain and spinal cord. We have also begun to test the ability of the imaging probes to assay remyelination in response to potential therapeutic treatments. The key research accomplishments are highlighted below: 1. Design, synthesis and evaluation of coumarin-based...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIV CLEVELAND OH, *BRAIN, *POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Analytical approximations of chi-square integrals are presented.
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *INTEGRALS, *NUMERICAL ANALYSIS, NUMERICAL METHODS AND...
The funded research project, Study for Employment Retention of Veterans (SERVe), addresses reintegration and retention in the civilian workforce, among post-9/11 era veterans. The main goal of the proposed study is to develop and test the effectiveness of a Veteran Supportive Supervisory Training (VSST), a supervisor training and behavioral self-monitoring designed to increase supervisor support for veterans. Much of Year 1 has been devoted to the development of study protocol materials,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, PORTLAND STATE UNIV OR, *NATIONAL GUARD, *VETERANS(MILITARY PERSONNEL), DATA...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Assuring affordability for Department of Defense (DOD) acquisition programs has been an enduring goal that has seldom been reached. The consequences are cancellation or down-scaling of unaffordable programs with much attendant waste. Building on previous IDA work, this research focuses on implementing the Better Buying Power initiatives of the Under Secretary Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics regarding affordability. Efforts to control acquisition program affordability in DOD...
Topics: DTIC Archive, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA, *COSTS, *MILITARY PROCUREMENT,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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A new method of fabricating fuel membrane electrodes was developed which yields polytetrafluoroethylenecontaining, platinum-black catalyzed electrodes which are highly active as hydrogen, hydrazine, methanol and propane anodes and as oxygen cathodes. The electrochemical activity of these membranes together with the activity of carbon-black polytetrafluorethylene membranes of similar structure has been measured in halfcell and full-cell experiments. The membranes containing carbon black appear...
Topics: DTIC Archive, *ELECTRODES, *MEMBRANES, *CATALYSTS, *FUEL CELLS, MANUFACTURING, ELECTROCHEMISTRY,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Pressure waves due to explosions can damage the neurons of the eye and visual centers in the brain, leading to functional loss of vision. There are currently few treatments for such injuries that can be deployed rapidly in the field to mitigate such damage. Our research team is developing small molecule activators of TrkB, the cognate receptor for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which can be administered systemically and cross the blood brain/retina barrier (BBB). In the initial year...
Topics: DTIC Archive, EMORY UNIV ATLANTA GA, *LOSSES, *TRAUMA, *VISION, EXPLOSIONS, OPTIC NERVE, RETINA,...
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Indoor sources of VOCs are ubiquitous, resulting in detectable concentrations in indoor air, often at levels exceeding regulatory screening criteria. At corrective actions sites with potential vapor intrusion concerns, the presence of indoor VOC sources significantly complicates the exposure pathway evaluation. Because of these indoor sources, the detection of a site-related VOC in a potentially affected building does not necessarily indicate a vapor intrusion impact. However, because...
Topics: DTIC Archive, GSI ENVIRONMENTAL INC HOUSTON TX, *ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, *STABLE ISOTOPES, *VAPORS, COST...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Currently, the Islamic Republic of Iran seems devoted to developing a nuclear weapon. It sees itself as an ascending power in both the Middle East and the world. Furthermore, experience with the west and recent examples of regime change in the region concern Iran. The nation's dedication to perpetuating the revolutionary regime and self-sufficiency makes Iran a difficult candidate for coercion. Conversely, its rhetoric and history of activities that run counter to international norms concern...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
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Distinguishing between vapor intrusion (VI) and indoor sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is a significant challenge in site assessments, greatly increasing the cost and complexity of investigations. Rapid on-site analysis of indoor air samples using a portable GC/MS allows the users to understand the distribution of VOCs in real-time, supporting identification of the source while in still the field. The overall objective of the demonstration was to develop and validate a step-wise...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPACE AND NAVAL WARFARE SYSTEMS CENTER PACIFIC SAN DIEGO CA, *GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY,...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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For the foreseeable future, the U.S. military will continue to protect U.S. interests and project power within areas rife with internal conflicts and faltering states. Conditions within such operating environments require land forces to influence populations, adversaries, and other regional or global audiences. However, land forces struggle to operationalize influence, and U.S. influence operations face increasing scrutiny and criticism. This is unsurprising given that U.S. military doctrine...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
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Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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A review of the open-source cyber security and organizational design literature suggests that the factors of complexity and rate of change combine to generate uncertainty within the cyber domain. This monograph examines four cyber attack case studies to identify and compare their environmental and contextual factors and to assess the relationship between uncertainty and organizational design. The cyber attack case studies demonstrate the importance of experts in enabling organizations to deal...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
The Godane Inbox
Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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The historical record of the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan has contributed greatly to a growing body of knowledge about military withdrawals from an ongoing conflict. It contains a number of lessons for international actors attempting to perform similar tasks today. However the strategic context of the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan in 1989 is vastly different from what the United States (U.S.) currently faces in its pending 2014 withdrawal from Afghanistan. This monograph investigates...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...
The Godane Inbox
Sep 25, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Operation Husky, the Allied World War II invasion of Sicily, featured the clash of an Allied Army Group against an Axis Army. The Allied 15th Army Group was composed of fourteen divisions -- an impressive total when one considers that combined, the United States and British Armies only have twelve active duty divisions today. Further, the Axis were a formidable opponent who skillfully employed combined arms maneuver, aggressively attacked the 15th Army Group, and contested Allied air...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED...