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This paper describes progress made towards the installation of a hydrogen fueling station in Northeast Ohio. In collaboration with several entities in the Northeast Ohio area, the NASA Glenn Research Center is installing a hydrogen fueling station that uses electrolysis to generate hydrogen on-site. The installation of this station is scheduled for the spring of 2012 at the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority s Hayden bus garage in East Cleveland. This will be the first...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ELECTROLYSIS, HYDROGEN OXYGEN FUEL CELLS, ELECTRIC...
A counter-rotating open rotor scale model was tested in the NASA Glenn Research Center 9- by 15-Foot Low-Speed Wind Tunnel (LSWT). This model used a historical baseline blade set with which modern blade designs will be compared against on an acoustic and aerodynamic performance basis. Different blade pitch angles simulating approach and takeoff conditions were tested, along with angle-of-attack configurations. A configuration was also tested in order to determine the acoustic effects of a...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), WIND TUNNEL TESTS, ROTOR AERODYNAMICS, LOW SPEED WIND...
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We are proposing a mission devoted to high energy X-ray astronomy that is based on a focusing telescope operating in the 1-200 keV energy range but optimized for the hard X-ray range. The main scientific topics concern: Physics of compact objects: The proximity of compact objects provides a unique laboratory to study matter and radiation in extreme conditions of temperature and density in strong gravitational environment. The emission of high energy photons from these objects is far from being...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), X RAY ASTRONOMY, SPACEBORNE TELESCOPES, GRAZING INCIDENCE...
A very high purity (99.99+) high temperature co-fired ceramic (HTCC) alumina has recently become commercially available. The raw material of this HTCC alumina is very different from conventional HTCC alumina, and more importantly there is no glass additive in this co-fired material. Previously, selected HTCC and LTCC (low temperature co-fired ceramic) alumina materials were evaluated at high temperatures as dielectric and compared to a regularly sintered 96 polycrystalline alumina (96 Al2O3),...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HIGH TEMPERATURE, CERAMICS, PURITY, DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES,...
Diverse vulnerabilities of Bangladesh's agricultural sector in 16 sub-regions are assessed using experiments designed to investigate climate impact factors in isolation and in combination. Climate information from a suite of global climate models (GCMs) is used to drive models assessing the agricultural impact of changes in temperature, precipitation, carbon dioxide concentrations, river floods, and sea level rise for the 2040-2069 period in comparison to a historical baseline. Using the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BANGLADESH, CLIMATE MODELS, CROP VIGOR, VULNERABILITY,...
Advancement of U.S. scientific, security, and economic interests through a robust space exploration program requires high performance propulsion systems to support a variety of robotic and crewed missions beyond low Earth orbit. Past studies, in particular those in support of the Space Exploration Initiative (SEI), have shown nuclear thermal propulsion systems provide superior performance for high mass high propulsive delta-V missions. The recent NASA Design Reference Architecture (DRA) 5.0...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FAST NUCLEAR REACTORS, REACTOR DESIGN, NUCLEAR PROPULSION,...
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Pandora Operation and Analysis Software controls the Pandora Sun- and sky-pointing optical head and built-in filter wheels (neutral density, UV bandpass, polarization filters, and opaque). The software also controls the attached spectrometer exposure time and thermoelectric cooler to maintain the spectrometer temperature to within 1 C. All functions are available through a GUI so as to be easily accessible by the user. The data are automatically stored on a miniature computer (netbook) for...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), SPECTROMETERS, SUN, DATA...
Comets retain relatively primitive icy material remaining from the epoch of Solar System formation, however the extent to which their ices are modified remains a key question in cometary science. One way to address this is to measure the relative abundances of primary (parent) volatiles in comets (i.e., those ices native to the nucleus). High-resolution (lambda/delta lambda greater than 10(exp 4)) infrared spectroscopy is a powerful tool for measuring parent volatiles in comets through their...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMETS, INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY, OXYGEN, CARBON MONOXIDE,...
Flight data from an entry, descent, and landing (EDL) sequence can be used to reconstruct the vehicle's trajectory, aerodynamic coefficients and the atmospheric profile experienced by the vehicle. Past Mars missions have contained instruments that do not provide direct measurement of the freestream atmospheric conditions. Thus, the uncertainties in the atmospheric reconstruction and the aerodynamic database knowledge could not be separated. The upcoming Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) will take...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AERODYNAMIC COEFFICIENTS, DESCENT, ESTIMATING, FLIGHT...
This paper discusses a proposed framework for the safe integration of small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) into the National Airspace System (NAS). The paper briefly examines the potential uses of sUAS to build an understanding of the location and frequency of potential future flight operations based on the future applications of the sUAS systems. The paper then examines the types of systems that would be required to meet the application-level demand to determine "classes" of...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), NATIONAL AIRSPACE SYSTEM, FLIGHT OPERATIONS, PILOTLESS...
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Since its inception almost 8 years ago, NASA's Short-term Prediction Research and Transition (SPoRT) Center has integrated NASA data into the National Weather Service's decision support system (DSS) the Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS). SPoRT has, in some instances, had to shape and transform data sets into various formats and manipulate configurations to visualize them in AWIPS. With the advent of the next generation of DSS, AWIPS II, developers will be able to develop...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), WEATHER, APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE, DATA PROCESSING,...
This report will present the results obtained from the Pressure Sensitive Paint (PSP) technique on a circulation control concept model. This test was conducted at the National Transonic Facility (NTF) at the NASA Langley Research Center. PSP was collected on the upper wing surface while the facility was operating in cryogenic mode at 227 K (-50 oF). The test envelope for the PSP portion included Mach numbers from 0.7 to 0.8 with angle of attack varying between 0 and 8 degrees and a total...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PRESSURE, PRESSURE SENSITIVE PAINTS, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID...
Design and development of a second generation Plasma Pyrolysis Assembly (PPA) reactor is currently underway as part of NASA's Atmosphere Revitalization Resource Recovery effort. By recovering up to 75% of the hydrogen currently lost as methane in the Sabatier reactor effluent, the PPA helps to minimize life support resupply costs for extended duration missions. To date, second generation PPA development has demonstrated significant technology advancements over the first generation device by...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CARBON DIOXIDE, LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS, METHANE, PYROLYSIS,...
A molecule's absorption in the atmospheric infrared (IR) window (IRW) is an indicator of its efficiency as a greenhouse gas. A model for estimating the absorption of a fluorinated molecule within the IRW was developed to assess its radiative impact. This model will be useful in comparing different hydrofluorocarbons and hydrofluoroethers contribution to global warming. The absorption of radiation by greenhouse gases, in particular hydrofluoroethers and hydrofluorocarbons, was investigated using...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), GREENHOUSE EFFECT, INFRARED ABSORPTION, INFRARED WINDOWS,...
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VML (Virtual Machine Language) is an advanced computing environment that allows spacecraft to operate using mechanisms ranging from simple, time-oriented sequencing to advanced, multicomponent reactive systems. VML has developed in four evolutionary stages. VML 0 is a core execution capability providing multi-threaded command execution, integer data types, and rudimentary branching. VML 1 added named parameterized procedures, extensive polymorphism, data typing, branching, looping issuance of...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), MACHINE ORIENTED...
Shell-buckling knockdown factors (SBKF) have been used in large cylindrical shell structures to account for uncertainty in buckling loads. As the diameter of the cylinder increases, achieving the manufacturing tolerances becomes increasingly more difficult. Knockdown factors account for manufacturing imperfections in the shell geometry by decreasing the allowable buckling load of the cylinder. In this paper, large-diameter (33 ft) cylinders are investigated by using various SBKF's. An...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BUCKLING, CYLINDRICAL SHELLS, LOADS (FORCES), ARIANE 5 LAUNCH...
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The problem of particle diffusion in position space, as a consequence ofeleclromagnetic fluctuations is addressed. Numerical results obtained with a self-consistent hybrid code are presented, and a method to calculate diffusion coefficient in the direction perpendicular to the mean magnetic field is proposed. The diffusion is estimated for two different types of fluctuations. The first type (resuiting from an agyrotropic in itiai setting)is stationary, wide band white noise, and associated to...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PLASMA DIFFUSION, SELF CONSISTENT FIELDS, VARIATIONS,...
This paper describes past and present air-traffic-management research at NASA Ames Research Center. The descriptions emerge from the perspective of a technical manager who supervised the majority of this research for the last four years. Past research contributions built a foundation for calculating accurate flight trajectories to enable efficient airspace management in time. That foundation led to two predominant research activities that continue to this day - one in automatically separating...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, MANAGEMENT METHODS, MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS,...
This paper describes the imaging techniques as well as the analysis methods used to measure the ice thickness and growth rate in support of ice-crystal icing tests performed at the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) Research Altitude Test Facility (RATFac). A detailed description of the camera setup, which involves both still and video cameras, as well as the analysis methods using the NASA Spotlight software, are presented. Two cases, one from two different test entries, showing...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALTITUDE TESTS, ICE FORMATION, BIAS, CRYSTALS, ICE, IMAGING...
Goals of this work are: (1) Define global changes in gene expression patterns in Arabidopsis plants grown in microgravity using whole genome microarrays (2) Compare to mutants resistant to low oxygen challenge using whole genome microarrays Also measuring root and shoot size Outcomes from this research are: (1) Provide fundamental information on plant responses to the stresses inherent in spaceflight (2) Potential for informing on genetic strategies to engineer plants for optimal growth in space
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HYPOXIA, MICROGRAVITY, PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES, PLANTS...
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On August 8, 2009, a private airplane collided with a sightseeing helicopter over the Hudson River near Hoboken, New Jersey. All three people aboard the airplane, the pilot and two passengers, and all six people aboard the helicopter, the pilot and five passengers, were killed. The National Transportation Safety Board report on the accident identified inherent limitations of the see-and-avoid concept, inadequate regulations, and errors by the pilots and an air traffic controller as causing or...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HUDSON RIVER (NY-NJ), MIDAIR COLLISIONS, AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS,...
The primary purpose of the GLAS instrument is to detect ice elevation changes over time which are used to derive changes in ice volume. Other objectives include measuring sea ice freeboard, ocean and land surface elevation, surface roughness, and canopy heights over land. This Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD) describes the theory and implementation behind the algorithms used to produce the level 1B products for waveform parameters and global elevation and the level 2 products that...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALGORITHMS, ICE, ICE ENVIRONMENTS, REMOTE SENSING, WAVEFORMS,...
The Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) First Source Catalog (1FGL) provided spatial, spectral, and temporal properties for a large number of gamma -ray sources using a uniform analysis method. After correlating with the mostcomplete catalogs of source types known to emit gamma rays, 630 of these sources are "unassociated" (i.e., have no obvious counterparts at other wavelengths). Here, we employ two statistical analyses of the primary gamma-ray characteristics for these unassociated...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, CATALOGS (PUBLICATIONS), ACTIVE...
Turbulent fluxes of heat and moisture across the atmosphere-ocean interface are fundamental components of the Earth s energy and water balance. Characterizing both the spatiotemporal variability and the fidelity of these exchanges of heat and moisture is critical to understanding the global water and energy cycle variations, quantifying atmosphere-ocean feedbacks, and improving model predictability. This study examines the veracity of the recently completed NASA Modern-Era Retrospective...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIR WATER INTERACTIONS, HEAT FLUX, ENERGY BUDGETS, LATENT...
To investigate ion density depletion along magnetic field lines, we compare in situ-measured ion density fluctuations as seen from C/NOFS and compare them to the field-line-integrated depletion of the whole bubble as inferred from electric field measurements. Results show that, within C/NOFS' range, local measurement of the normalized density depletion, (Delta)n/n(sub 0), near the apex may be far less than at other points on the same field line. We argue that the distribution of (Delta)n/n(sub...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ION DENSITY (CONCENTRATION), ANOMALIES, ELECTRICAL...
During boreal summer, convective activity over the eastern Pacific (EPAC) inter-tropical convergence zone (ITCZ) exhibits vigorous intraseasonal variability (ISV). Previous observational studies identified two dominant ISV modes over the EPAC, i.e., a 40-day mode and a quasi-biweekly mode (QBM). The 40-day ISV mode is generally considered a local expression of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. However, in addition to the eastward propagation, northward propagation of the 40-day mode is also...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ATMOSPHERIC GENERAL CIRCULATION MODELS, CLIMATE MODELS,...
We present a detailed analysis from new multi-wavelength observations of the exceptional galaxy cluster ACT-CL J0102-4915, likely the most massive, hottest, most X-ray luminous and brightest Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect cluster known at redshifts greater than 0.6. The Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) collaboration discovered ACT-CL J0102-4915 as the most significant Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) decrement in a sky survey area of 755 square degrees. Our VLT/FORS2 spectra of 89 member galaxies yield...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COSMOLOGY, TELESCOPES, RED SHIFT, GALACTIC CLUSTERS,...
The GOES X28 flare of 4 November 2003 was the largest ever recorded in its class. It produced the first evidence for two spectrally separated emission components, one at microwaves and the other in the THz range of frequencies.We analyzed the pre-flare phase of this large flare, twenty minutes before the onset of the major impulsive burst. This periodis characterized by unusual activity in X-rays, sub-THz frequencies, H, and microwaves.The CME onset occurred before the onset of the large burst...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CORONAL MASS EJECTION, GOES SATELLITES, SOLAR FLARES, SOLAR...
Mass-balance analysis of the Greenland ice sheet based on surface elevation changes observed by the European Remote-sensing Satellite (ERS) (1992-2002) and Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) (2003-07) indicates that the strongly increased mass loss at lower elevations (<2000 m) of the ice sheet, as observed during 2003-07, appears to induce interior ice thinning at higher elevations. In this paper, we perform a perturbation experiment with a three-dimensional anisotropic...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MASS DISTRIBUTION, REMOTE SENSING, ICE, CLOUD AND LAND...
We coupled dinitrogen (N2) fixation rate estimates with molecular biological methods to determine the activity and abundance of diazotrophs in coastal waters along the temperate North American Mid-Atlantic continental shelf during multiple seasons and cruises. Volumetric rates of N2 fixation were as high as 49.8 nmol N L(sup -1) d(sup -1) and areal rates as high as 837.9 micromol N m(sup -2) d(sup -1) in our study area. Our results suggest that N2 fixation occurs at high rates in coastal shelf...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COASTAL WATER, NORTH AMERICA, ABUNDANCE, NITROGEN,...
Atmospheric mass loss from Hot Jupiters can be large due to the close proximity of these planets to their host star and the strong radiation the planetary atmosphere receives. On Earth, a major contribution to the acceleration of atmospheric ions comes from the vertical separation of ions and electrons, and the generation of the ambipolar electric field. This process, known as the "polar wind," is responsible for the transport of ionospheric constituents to Earth's magnetosphere,...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES, GAS GIANT PLANETS, EXTRASOLAR PLANETS,...
Interplanetary (IP) shocks are mainly responsible for the sudden compression of the magnetosphere, causing storm sudden commencement (SC) and sudden impulses (SIs) which are detected by ground-based magnetometers. On the basis of the list of 222 IP shocks compiled by Gopalswamy et al., we have investigated the dependence of SC/SIs amplitudes on the speed of the coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that drive the shocks near the Sun as well as in the interplanetary medium. We find that about 91% of the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CORONAL MASS EJECTION, INTERPLANETARY SHOCK WAVES, SUDDEN...
The flat spectrum radio quasar (FSRQ) PKS 2123-463 was associated in the First Fermi-LAT source catalog with the gamma-ray source 1FGL J2126.1-4603, but when considering the full first two years of Fermi observations, no gamma-ray source at a position consistent with this FSRQ was detected, and thus PKS 2123-463 was not reported in the Second Fermi-LAT source catalog. On 2011 December 14 a gamma-ray source positionally consistent with PKS 2123-463 was detected in flaring activity by Fermi-LAT....
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BLAZARS, QUASARS, GAMMA RAYS, ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI, X RAYS,...
We explore high-redshift gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) as promising tools to probe pre-galactic metal enrichment. We utilize the bright afterglow of a Population III (Pop III) GRB exploding in a primordial dwarf galaxy as a luminous background source, and calculate the strength of metal absorption lines that are imprinted by the first heavy elements in the intergalactic medium (IGM). To derive the GRB absorption line diagnostics, we use an existing highly resolved simulation of the formation of a...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), RED SHIFT, METALS, GAMMA RAY BURSTS, COSMOLOGY, POPULATION...
Consider this scenario: A soldier has been critically wounded in a sudden firefight in a remote region of Afghanistan. The soldier s comrades attend to him and radio for help, but the soldier needs immediate medical expertise and treatment that is currently miles away. The connection between medical support for soldiers on the battlefield and astronauts in space may not be immediately obvious. But when it comes to providing adequate critical care, NASA and the military have very similar...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROSPACE MEDICINE, EMERGENCIES, MEDICAL EQUIPMENT,...
The NASA Glenn Research Center is developing advanced passive thermal management technology to reduce the mass and improve the reliability of space fuel cell systems for the NASA Exploration program. The passive thermal management system relies on heat conduction within highly thermally conductive cooling plates to move the heat from the central portion of the cell stack out to the edges of the fuel cell stack. Using the passive approach eliminates the need for a coolant pump and other cooling...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TEMPERATURE CONTROL, FUEL CELLS, COOLING SYSTEMS, CONDUCTIVE...
Recently, there have been complimentary observations from multiple facilities to try to unravel the chemical complexity of comets. Incorporating results from various techniques, including: single-dish millimeter wavelength observations, interferometers, and/or IR spectroscopy, one can gain further insight into the abundances, production rates, distributions, and formation mechanisms of molecules in these objects [I]. Such studies have provided great detail towards molecules with a-typical...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMETS, MICROWAVE INTERFEROMETERS, MILLIMETER WAVES,...
Background: Given that disuse-related skeletal muscle atrophy may be exacerbated by an imbalance between energy intake and output, the amount of energy required to complete exercise countermeasures is an important consideration in the well being of subject health during bed rest and spaceflight. Objective: To evaluate the energy cost of a high intensity exercise program performed during short duration bed rest. Methods: 9 subjects (8 male and 1 female; 34.5 +/- 8.2 years) underwent 14 days of...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SKELETAL MUSCLE, MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, MUSCLES, ADIPOSE...
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The Lunar CRater Observations and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) mission impacted a spent Centaur rocket stage into a permanently shadowed region near the lunar south pole. The Sheperding Spacecraft (SSC) separated approx. 9 hours before impact and performed a small braking maneuver in order to observe the Centaur impact plume, looking for evidence of water and other volatiles, before impacting itself. This paper describes the registration of imagery of the LCROSS impact region from the mid- and...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LCROSS (SATELLITE), INFRARED IMAGERY, LUNAR CRATERS,...
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Magnetic fields measured by the satellite Lunar Prospector show large scale features resulting from remanently magnetized crust. Vector data synthesized at satellite altitude from a spherical harmonic model of the lunar crustal field, and the radial component of the magnetometer data, have been used to produce spatially continuous global magnetization models for the lunar crust. The magnetization is expressed in terms of localized basis functions, with a magnetization solution selected having...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LUNAR CRUST, MAGNETIZATION, LUNAR MAGNETIC FIELDS, MOON,...
Aircraft design has been progressing toward reduced structural weight to improve fuel efficiency, increase performance, and reduce cost. Lightweight aircraft structures are more flexible than conventional designs and require new design considerations. Intelligent sensing allows for enhanced control and monitoring of aircraft, which enables increased structurally efficiency. The NASA Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC) has developed an instrumentation system and analysis techniques that combine...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FIBER OPTICS, BENDING MOMENTS, AEROELASTICITY, LOADS...
We present the first unambiguous detection of quasi-periodic wave trains within the broad pulse of a global EUV wave (so-called EIT wave) occurring on the limb. These wave trains, running ahead of the lateral coronal mass ejection (CME) front of 2-4 times slower, coherently travel to distances greater than approximately solar radius/2 along the solar surface, with initial velocities up to 1400 kilometers per second decelerating to approximately 650 kilometers per second. The rapid expansion of...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION, PERIODIC VARIATIONS, CORONAL...
A design rationale tool (DR tool) was developed to capture design knowledge to support design verification and design knowledge re-use. The design rationale tool captures design drivers and requirements, and documents the design solution including: intent (why it is included in the overall design); features (why it is designed the way it is); information about how the design components support design drivers and requirements; and, design alternatives considered but rejected. For design...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SUPPORT SYSTEMS, TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL,...
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The sonic thermometer is a specialized application of well-known sonic anemometer technology. Adaptations have been made to the circuit, including the addition of supporting sensors, which enable its use in the high-altitude environment and in non-air gas mixtures. There is a need to measure gas temperatures inside and outside of superpressure balloons that are flown at high altitudes. These measurements will allow the performance of the balloon to be modeled more accurately, leading to better...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HIGH ALTITUDE, SONIC ANEMOMETERS, TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT,...
This two-hour workshop, which was held as a follow-on to the plenary session "Engaging Girls in STEM: A Discussion of Foundational and Current Research on What Works," offered research-based insights, resources, and tips to help participants plan or revamp programs and resources aimed at encouraging girls in science. Led by Karen Peterson, PI for the National Girls Collaborative Project,1 the workshop included: a brief discussion about effective strategies recommended for encouraging...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FEMALES, EDUCATION, AEROSPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE...
The KSC Autonomous Test Engineer (KATE) program has a long history at KSC. Now a part of the Autonomous Cryogenic Load Operations (ACLO) mission, this software system has been sporadically developed over the past 20+ years. Originally designed to provide health and status monitoring for a simple water-based fluid system, it was proven to be a capable autonomous test engineer for determining sources of failure in. the system, As part.of a new goal to provide this same anomaly-detection...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AUTONOMY, CRYOGENIC FLUIDS, CRYOGENICS, COMPUTER PROGRAMS,...
The Simulation Software, KATE (Knowledgebase Autonomous Test Engineer), is used to demonstrate the automatic identification of faults in a system. The ACLO (Autonomous Cryogenics Loading Operation) project uses KATE to monitor and find faults in the loading of the cryogenics int o a vehicle fuel tank. The KATE software interfaces with the IHM (Integrated Health Management) systems bus to communicate with other systems that are part of ACLO. One system that KATE uses the IHM bus to communicate...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AUTONOMY, CRYOGENICS, LOADING OPERATIONS, COMPUTERIZED...
When entering orbit about a planet or moon with an appreciable atmosphere, instead of using only the propulsion system to insert the spacecraft into its desired orbit, aerodynamic drag can be used after the initial orbit insertion to further decelerate the spacecraft. Several past NASA missions have used this aerobraking technique to reduce the fuel required to deliver a spacecraft into a desired orbit. Aerobraking was first demonstrated at Venus with Magellan in 1993 and then was used to...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROBRAKING, AERODYNAMIC DRAG, MARS RECONNAISSANCE ORBITER,...
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As technological innovations produce new capabilities, complexities, and interdependencies, our susceptibility to the societal impacts of space weather increase. There is real concern in the scientific community that our infrastructure would be at significant risk if a major geomagnetic storm should occur. To discuss the societal impacts of space weather, we brought together an interdisciplinary group of subject matter experts and societal stakeholders to participate in a workshop entitled...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SPACE WEATHER, TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION, MAGNETIC STORMS, RISK...
We suggest that the flatter size distribution of solar energetic proton (SEP) events relative to that of flare soft X-ray (SXR) events is primarily due to the fact that SEP flares are an energetic subset of all flares. Flares associated with gradual SEP events are characteristically accompanied by fast (much > 1000 km/s) coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that drive coronal/interplanetary shock waves. For the 1996-2005 interval, the slopes (alpha values) of power-law size distributions of the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CORONAL MASS EJECTION, SOLAR FLARES, ENERGETIC PARTICLES,...
A generalized coccolithophore bloom classifier has been developed for use with ocean color imagery. The bloom classifier was developed using extracted satellite reflectance data from SeaWiFS images screened by the default bloom detection mask. In the current application, we extend the optical water type (OWT) classification scheme by adding a new coccolithophore bloom class formed from these extracted reflectances. Based on an in situ coccolithophore data set from the North Atlantic, the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PHYTOPLANKTON, OCEANOGRAPHY, WATER COLOR, SATELLITE IMAGERY,...
During development of the Ares I weld processes nondestructive and destructive testing were used to identify and characterize defects that occurred. These defects were named and character noted. This catalogue of defects and characteristics was then used to develop inspection methods for Self Reacting Friction Stir Welds (SR ]FSW) and Conventional Friction Stir Welds (C ]FSW). Dye penetrant, eddy current, x ]radiography, single element ultrasonic, and phased array ultrasonic (PAUT) inspection...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FRICTION STIR WELDING, INSPECTION, NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTS,...
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Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), RADIOMETERS, THUNDERSTORMS, METEOROLOGY, CLIMATOLOGY,...
We measured the flows of magnetic elements on the Sun at very high latitudes by analyzing magnetic images from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) on the NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Mission. Magnetic maps constructed using a fixed, and north ]south symmetric, meridional flow profile give weaker than observed polar fields in the North and stronger than observed polar fields in the South during the decline of Cycle 23 and rise of Cycle 24. Our measurements of the meridional flow...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MERIDIONAL FLOW, SUN, MAGNETIC FLUX, SOLAR CYCLES, ASYMMETRY,...
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The passivation of spacecraft and launch vehicle orbital stages at end-of-mission has been a principal space debris mitigation measure world-wide since the 1980 s. Space vehicle passivation includes the removal of stored energies, especially those associated with propulsion and electrical power systems. Prior to 2007 the breakup of non-functioning, non-passivated space vehicles was the major source of hazardous debris in Earth orbit. The United Nations and the Inter-Agency Space Debris...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PASSIVITY, SPACECRAFT BREAKUP, SPACE DEBRIS, LOW EARTH...
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In 2010, the Navy formally added the Damage Control Trainer (DCT) to the recruit training program at Great Lakes, Illinois. Despite the incredibly dense training schedule at the Navy's boot camp, the instructors were willing to set aside two hours of time for recruits to play a game. Why? Because it worked. Even with just one hour of play, research showed that recruits gained a 50-80% improvement in performance that transferred to Battle Stations 21 (B821), the Navy's capstone training event....
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), EDUCATION, GAMES, TRAINING DEVICES, LEARNING THEORY, NAVY,...
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All efforts to develop electronic equipment reach a stage where they need a board test station for each board. The SMAP digital system consists of three board types that interact with each other using interfaces with critical timing. Each board needs to be tested individually before combining into the integrated digital electronics system. Each board needs critical timing signals from the others to be able to operate. A bench test system was developed to support test of each board. The test...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DIGITAL ELECTRONICS, DIGITAL SYSTEMS, ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT,...
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The Interactive 3D Mars Visualization system provides high-performance, immersive visualization of satellite and surface vehicle imagery of Mars. The software can be used in mission operations to provide the most accurate position information for the Mars rovers to date. When integrated into the mission data pipeline, this system allows mission planners to view the location of the rover on Mars to 0.01-meter accuracy with respect to satellite imagery, with dynamic updates to incorporate the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MARS SURFACE, PLANETARY GEOLOGY, SCIENTIFIC VISUALIZATION,...
This paper summarizes the progress that has been made in the development of the Fission Power System Technology Demonstration Unit (TDU). The reactor simulator core and Annular Linear Induction Pump have been fabricated and assembled into a test loop at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. A 12 kWe Power Conversion Unit (PCU) is being developed consisting of two 6 kWe free-piston Stirling engines. The two 6 kWe engines have been fabricated by Sunpower Inc. and are currently being tested...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), STIRLING ENGINES, FREE-PISTON ENGINES, COOLING SYSTEMS,...
The NASA Dust Management Project (DMP) was established to provide technologies (to Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 6) required to address adverse effects of lunar dust to humans and to exploration systems and equipment, to reduce life cycle cost and risk, and to increase the probability of sustainable and successful lunar missions. The technology portfolio of DMP consisted of different categories of technologies whose final product was either a technology solution in itself, or one that...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT, RISK MANAGEMENT, DUST, LUNAR DUST,...
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During the past ten years, solar physicists have attempted to infer the coronal heating mechanism by comparing observations of coronal loops with hydrodynamic model predictions. These comparisons often used the addition of sub ]resolution strands to explain the observed loop properties. On July 11, 2012, the High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi ]C) was launched on a sounding rocket. This instrument obtained images of the solar corona was 0.2 ]0.3'' resolution in a narrowband EUV filter centered...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CORONAL LOOPS, EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION, SOLAR CORONA,...
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Ran 18 scenarios with Visualyse Professional interference software (presented 2 most realistic scenarios). Scenario A: 85 large airports can transmit 1650 mW on each of 11 channels. 173 medium airports can transmit 825 mW on each of 6 channels. 5951 small airports can transmit 275 mW on one channel. Reducing power allowed for small airports in Scenario B increases allowable power for large and medium airports, but should not be necessary as Scenario A levels are more than adequate. These power...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIRPORTS, ANTENNA DESIGN, AIR TRANSPORTATION,...
St. Bernard Parish, in southeast Louisiana, is rapidly losing coastal forests and wetlands due to a combination of natural and anthropogenic disturbances (e.g. subsidence, saltwater intrusion, low sedimentation, nutrient deficiency, herbivory, canal dredging, levee construction, spread of invasive species, etc.). After Hurricane Katrina severely impacted the area in 2005, multiple Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have worked not only on rebuilding destroyed dwellings, but on rebuilding the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM (EOS), VEGETATION, GEOGRAPHIC...
Methods: In the year before launch of an ISS mission, potential astronaut echocardiographic operators participate in 5 sessions to train for echo acquisitions that occur roughly monthly during the mission, including one exercise echocardiogram. The focus of training is familiarity with the study protocol and remote guidance procedures. On-orbit, real-time guidance of in-flight acquisitions is provided by a sonographer in the Telescience Center of Mission Control. Physician investigators with...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION, COMMUNICATION...
There is a growing debate over the means by which regions can foster the growth of entrepreneurial activity in order to stimulate recovery and growth of their economies. On one side, agglomeration theory suggests the regions grow because of strong clusters that foster knowledge spillover locally; on the other side, the entrepreneurial action camp argues that innovative business models are generated by entrepreneurs with unique market perspectives who draw on knowledge from more distant domains....
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMMERCE, ECONOMICS, SIMULATION, SOCIOLOGY, MODELS,...
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Titan's thick atmosphere and volatile surface cause it to respond to big impacts like the one that produced the prominent Menrva impact basin in a somewhat Earth-like manner. Menrva was big enough to raise the surface temperature by 100 K. If methane in the regolith is generally as abundant as it was at the Huygens landing site, Menrva would have been big enough to double the amount of methane in the atmosphere. The extra methane would have drizzled out of the atmosphere over hundreds of years....
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CLIMATE CHANGE, TITAN, TITAN ATMOSPHERE, OCEANS, STRUCTURAL...
Auditory communication displays within the NextGen data link system may use multiple synthetic speech messages replacing traditional ATC and company communications. The design of an interface for selecting amongst multiple incoming messages can impact both performance (time to select, audit and release a message) and preference. Two design factors were evaluated: physical pressure-sensitive switches versus flat panel "virtual switches", and the presence or absence of auditory feedback...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), VOICE COMMUNICATION, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, SOUND TRANSMISSION,...
No abstract available
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DESIGN OPTIMIZATION, STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING, COMPUTER...
Presented here are results from photometric analysis on broadband images taken of Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner from May 24, 2011 to October 24, 2011. As the parent body of the Draconids, a meteor shower known for outbursting, 21P was studied for its dust production activity, Afrho, focusing on how it changes with heliocentric distance. An expected increase in dust production with a decrease in heliocentric distance was observed. The comet went from heliocentric distance of 3.05 AU to 1.77 AU...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DUST, GIACOBINI-ZINNER COMET, DRACONID METEOROIDS,...
No abstract available
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HATCHES, AIR LOCKS, CASE HISTORIES, MALFUNCTIONS, SPACE...
The oxidizing capacity of the troposphere is controlled, to a large extent, by the abundance of hydroxyl radical (OH). The global mean concentration of OH, [OH]GLOBAL, inferred from measurements of methyl chloroform, has remained relatively constant during the past several decades, despite rising levels of CH4 that should have led to a steady decline. Here we examine other factors that may have affected [OH]GLOBAL, such as the overhead burden of stratospheric O3 and tropospheric H2O, using...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION, HYDROXYL RADICALS, CLIMATE MODELS,...
Forecast skill of the APEC Climate Center (APCC) Multi-Model Ensemble (MME) seasonal forecast system in predicting two main types of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), namely canonical (or cold tongue) and Modoki ENSO, and their regional climate impacts is assessed for boreal winter. The APCC MME is constructed by simple composite of ensemble forecasts from five independent coupled ocean-atmosphere climate models. Based on a hindcast set targeting boreal winter prediction for the period...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), WEATHER FORECASTING, SOUTHERN OSCILLATION, ATMOSPHERIC...
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Stark (1962) demonstrated vigorous pupil oscillations by illuminating the retina with a beam of light focussed to a small spot near the edge of the pupil. Small constrictions of the pupil then are sufficient to completely block the beam, amplifying the normal relationship between pupil area and retinal illuminance. In addition to this simple and elegant method, Stark also investigated more complex feedback systems using an electronic "clamping box" which provided arbitrary gain and...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), VISION, PUPILS, OSCILLATIONS, PILOT PERFORMANCE, HUMAN...
A new capability to test active flow control concepts and propulsion simulations at high Reynolds numbers in the National Transonic Facility at the NASA Langley Research Center is being developed. The first active flow control experiment was completed using the new FAST-MAC semi-span model to study Reynolds number scaling effects for several circulation control concepts. Testing was conducted over a wide range of Mach numbers, up to chord Reynolds numbers of 30 million. The model was equipped...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FLOW DISTRIBUTION, HIGH REYNOLDS NUMBER, TRANSONIC SPEED,...
Integrally machined blade-stiffened panels subjected to an axial compressive load were tested and analyzed to observe the buckling, crippling, and postcrippling response of the panels. The panels were fabricated from aluminum-lithium alloys 2195 and 2050, and both alloys have reduced material properties in the short transverse material direction. The tests were designed to capture a failure mode characterized by the stiffener separating from the panel in the postbuckling range. This failure...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALUMINUM-LITHIUM ALLOYS, COMPRESSION LOADS, PANELS, BUCKLING,...
The northern sub-Saharan African (NSSA) region, bounded on the north and south by the Sahara and the Equator, respectively, and stretching from the West to the East African coastlines, has one of the highest biomass-burning rates per unit land area among all regions of the world. Because of the high concentration and frequency of fires in this region, with the associated abundance of heat release and gaseous and particulate smoke emissions, biomass-burning activity is believed to be one of the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AFRICA, BIOMASS BURNING, WATER RESOURCES, HEAT TRANSFER,...
We simulate the transport of magnetic flux in the Sun s photosphere by an evolving pattern of cellular horizontal flows (supergranules). Characteristics of the simulated flow pattern can match observed characteristics including the velocity power spectrum, cell lifetimes, and cell motions in longitude and latitude. Simulations using an average, and north-south symmetric, meridional motion of the cellular pattern produce polar magnetic fields that are too weak in the North and too strong in the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SOLAR MAGNETIC FIELD, MAGNETIC FLUX, FLOW DISTRIBUTION,...
A ring-shaped debris disk around the G2V star HD 202628 (d = 24.4 pc) was imaged in scattered light at visible wavelengths using the coronagraphic mode of the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph on the Hubble Space Telescope. The ring is inclined by approx.64deg from face-on, based on the apparent major/minor axis ratio, with the major axis aligned along PA = 130deg. It has inner and outer radii (> 50% maximum surface brightness) of 139 AU and 193 AU in the northwest ansae and 161 AU...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SPACEBORNE TELESCOPES, HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE, CORONAGRAPHS,...
A recent human-in-the-loop simulation in the Airspace Operations Laboratory (AOL) at NASA's Ames Research Center investigated the robustness of Controller-Managed Spacing (CMS) operations. CMS refers to AOL-developed controller tools and procedures for enabling arrivals to conduct efficient Optimized Profile Descents with sustained high throughput. The simulation provided a rich data set for examining how a traffic management supervisor and terminal-area controller participants used the CMS...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIRPORTS, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, AIRCRAFT APPROACH SPACING,...
The Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) mission was conceived, primarily, to quantify the spatial and temporal variations in the topography of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. It carried on board the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS), which measured the round-trip travel time of a laser pulse emitted from the satellite to the surface of the Earth and back. Each range derived from these measurements was combined with precise, concurrent orbit and pointing information...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ICE, CLOUD AND LAND ELEVATION SATELLITE, LASER ALTIMETERS,...
During the Apollo missions, the adhesion of dust to critical spacecraft systems was a greater problem than anticipated and resulted in functional degradation of thermal control surfaces, spacesuit seals, and other spacecraft components. Notably, Earth-based simulation efforts did not predict the magnitude and effects of dust adhesion in the lunar environment. Forty years later, we understand that the ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) environment, coupled with micrometeorite impacts and constant ion and...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TEMPERATURE CONTROL, SURFACE ENERGY, ADHESION, DUST, CHARGE...
The Red, Green, Blue (RGB) Air Mass product has been demonstrated in the GOES ]R Proving Ground as a possible decision aid. Forecasters have been trained on the usefulness of identifying stratospheric intrusions and potential vorticity (PV) anomalies that can lead to explosive cyclogenesis, genesis of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), or the transition of tropical cyclones to extratropical cyclones. It has also been demonstrated to distinguish different air mass types from warm, low ozone...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS, CONVECTION, AIR MASSES, TROPICAL...
Societal level macro models of social behavior do not sufficiently capture nuances needed to adequately represent the dynamics of person-to-person interactions. Likewise, individual agent level micro models have limited scalability - even minute parameter changes can drastically affect a model's response characteristics. This work presents an approach that uses agent-based modeling to represent detailed intra- and inter-personal interactions, as well as a system dynamics model to integrate...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HUMAN PERFORMANCE, NETWORKS, COMMUNICATION, SOCIOLOGY, Hutto,...
Microgravity conditions have advantages of measurement of surface tension and viscosity of metallic liquids by the oscillating drop method with an electromagnetic levitation (EML) device. Thus, we are preparing the experiments of thermophysical properties measurements using the Materials-Science Laboratories ElectroMagnetic-Levitator (MSL-EML) facilities in the international Space station (ISS). Recently, it has been identified that dependence of surface tension on oxygen partial pressure (Po2)...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LEVITATION, LIQUID ALLOYS, MAGNETIC SUSPENSION, METAL...
We report an X-ray study of the evolved Galactic supernova remnant (SNR) G1S6.2+S.7 based on six pointing observations with Suzaku. The remnant's large extent (100' in diameter) allows us to investigate its radial structure in the northwestern and eastern directions from the apparent center. The X-ray spectra. were well fit with a two-component non-equilibrium ionization model representing the swept-up interstellar medium (ISM) and the metal-rich ejecta. We found prominent central...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), INTERSTELLAR MATTER, SUPERNOVA REMNANTS, X RAY ASTRONOMY,...
This report is the final report of a SBIR Phase I project. It is identical to the final report submitted, after some proprietary information of administrative nature has been removed. The development of a numerical simulation tool for dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma actuator is reported. The objectives of the project were to analyze and predict DBD operation at wide range of ambient gas pressures. It overcomes the limitations of traditional DBD codes which are limited to low-speed...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ACTUATORS, ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE, DIELECTRICS, PLASMAS...
The Be/X-ray binary A 0535+26 has shown three giant outbursts since 2005, after a long period of quiescence. The giant outbursts in 2005 (approx.5.2 Crab, 15-50 keY range) and 2009 (approx.5.6 Crab) could not be observed by most X-ray observatories due to Sun observing constraints. Finally, a giant outburst in February 2011, that reached a flux of approx.3.8 Crab, was monitored with INTEGRAL and Swift TOO observations. We present first results these observations, with a special focus on the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), X RAY BINARIES, X RAY SOURCES, CYCLOTRONS, MAGNETIC FIELDS,...
This report provides an assessment of current turbulent flow calculation methods for hypersonic propulsion flowpaths, particularly the scramjet engine. Emphasis is placed on Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) methods, but some discussion of newer meth- ods such as Large Eddy Simulation (LES) is also provided. The report is organized by considering technical issues throughout the scramjet-powered vehicle flowpath including laminar-to-turbulent boundary layer transition, shock wave /...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TURBULENT BOUNDARY LAYER, HYPERSONIC FLIGHT, LARGE EDDY...
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We investigate the perihelion shift of planetary motion in conformal Weyl gravity using the metric of the static, spherically symmetric solution discovered by Mannheim and Kazanas. To this end we employ a procedure similar to that used by Weinberg for the Schwarzschild solution, which has also been used recently to study the solar system effects of the cosmological constant Lambda. We show that besides the general relativistic terms obtained earlier from the Schwarzschild-de Sitter solution,...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PERIHELIONS, GRAVITATION, GRAVITATIONAL EFFECTS, PLANETARY...
Synthetic biology – the design and construction of new biological parts and systems and the redesign of existing ones for useful purposes – has the potential to transform fields from pharmaceuticals to fuels. Our lab has focused on the potential of synthetic biology to revolutionize all three major parts of astrobiology: Where do we come from? Where are we going? and Are we alone? For the first and third, synthetic biology is allowing us to answer whether the evolutionary narrative that has...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), EXOBIOLOGY, BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION, LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS,...
One of the major challenges facing the integration of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) in the National Airspace System (NAS) is the lack of an onboard pilot that can comply with the legal requirement identified in the US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) that pilots see and avoid other aircraft. UAS will be expected to demonstrate the means to perform the function of see and avoid while preserving the safety level of the airspace and the efficiency of the air traffic system. This paper...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), NATIONAL AIRSPACE SYSTEM, UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS, AIR...
This paper presents an overview of discussions during the Cloud s Role session at the Observing and Modelling Earth s Energy Flows Workshop. N. Loeb and B. Soden convened this session including 10 presentations by B. Stevens, B. Wielicki, G. Stephens, A. Clement, K. Sassen, D. Hartmann, T. Andrews, A. Del Genio, H. Barker, and M. Sugi addressing critical aspects of the role of clouds in modulating Earth energy flows. Presentation topics covered a diverse range of areas from cloud microphysics...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CLOUD PHYSICS, CLIMATOLOGY, GEOPHYSICS, CLIMATE MODELS, WIND...
No abstract available
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), GALLIUM, ELECTROMAGNETIC PROPULSION, THRUST MEASUREMENT,...
No abstract available
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), EPOXY MATRIX COMPOSITES, TEMPERATURE EFFECTS, STATIC TESTS,...
No abstract available
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), NOISE PREDICTION, GREEN'S FUNCTIONS, JET AIRCRAFT NOISE,...
No abstract available
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMBUSTION CONTROL, COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, PROTOTYPES,...
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The Orion Project will be directing Lockheed Martin to perform orbital arc welding on commodities metallic tubing as part of the Multi Purpose Crew Vehicle assembly and integration process in the Operations and Checkout High bay at Kennedy Space Center. The current method of nondestructive evaluation is utilizing traditional film based x-rays. Due to the high number of welds that are necessary to join the commodities tubing (approx 470), a more efficient and expeditious method of nondestructive...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ARC WELDING, NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTS, PIPES (TUBES),...
Fan inflow distortion tone noise has been studied computationally and experimentally. Data from two experiments in the NASA Glenn Advanced Noise Control Fan rig have been used to validate acoustic predictions. The inflow to the fan was distorted by cylindrical rods inserted radially into the inlet duct one rotor chord length upstream of the fan. The rods were arranged in both symmetric and asymmetric circumferential patterns. In-duct and farfield sound pressure level measurements were recorded....
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SOUND PRESSURE, NOISE REDUCTION, PRESSURE MEASUREMENT,...
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The Cryogenics Test Laboratory, NASA Kennedy Space Center, works to provide practical solutions to low-temperature problems while focusing on long-term technology targets for energy-efficient cryogenics on Earth and in space.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CRYOGENICS, LABORATORIES, CRYOGENIC COOLING, CRYOGENIC...
The NASA Short-term Prediction Research and Transition (SPoRT) Center has developed a Greenness Vegetation Fraction (GVF) dataset, which is updated daily using swaths of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data aboard the NASA EOS Aqua and Terra satellites. NASA SPoRT began generating daily real-time GVF composites at 1-km resolution over the Continental United States (CONUS) on 1 June 2010. The purpose of this study is to...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MODIS (RADIOMETRY), NUMERICAL WEATHER FORECASTING,...