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A preliminary investigation was conducted of the construct validity of the Inventory of Classroom Management Style (ICMS), a scale to measure differences in perceptions of classroom management style. The main objective was to determine if the scale reflects differences between novice and experienced teachers. Classroom management is defined as a multi-faceted construct including broad dimensions of person, instruction, and discipline. Data were collected from 158 college students (61 percent...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Beliefs, Classroom Techniques, College Students, Comparative Testing, Conventional...
The manual is addressed to teachers, administrators, and teacher trainers helping students learn through a non-native language by integrating language and content. This audience may include English-as-a-Second-Language, bilingual education, or content (e.g., science, math, social studies) teachers with limited-English-proficient students in elementary and secondary schools. The manual presents a whole-education approach involving: (1) incorporation of content material into language classes; and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Techniques, Curriculum Development, Dialog Journals, Elementary Secondary...
This study surveyed the attitudes of public policy makers in higher education from Arkansas, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee to find areas for developing fundamental policies for desegregation. A total of 71 surveys were mailed to state higher education executive officers (SHEEOs), legislative chairs of education or of higher education, and presidents of historically white and historically black universities. Data analysis of the 63 returned surveys consisted of general...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Attitudes, Black Colleges, College Desegregation, College Presidents,...
Selected papers are as follows: "Agriculture, Environmental Science and the Relationship of Agriculture to Academic Courses as Perceived by 10th Grade Students" (Newsom-Stewart; Sutphin); "Factors Related to Recruitment and Retention of Ethnic Minority Youth in the Ohio 4-H Program" (Bankston, Cano); "Hispanics in Agriculture" (Nichols, Nelson); "Factors Influencing Minority and Non-Minority Students to Enroll in an Introductory Agriscience Course in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Education, Beginning Teachers, Cognitive Style, Distance Education,...
Using the metaphor of the "Wizard of Oz," this paper satirizes the use of an unofficially identified and often highly paid group of educational consultants to reform and revitalize special needs career/vocational education. It begins with the premise that leaders in the educational system believe that they can somehow install three internal, essential ingredients for reform and revitalization through the use of "consultants from Oz" who possess specific rational answers to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Education, Change Agents, Community Resources, Consultants, Educational...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This bulletin explores the roles that various stakeholders have in systemic reform and offers some recommendations for action. Data were derived from a review of research on systemic education reform and interviews with four Oregon administrators. Chapter 1 provides a sampling of the diverse groups that are calling for reform and offers some of the reasons why systemic reform is considered essential. The chapter also reviews reform efforts of the 1980s and examines ways in which this wave of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Role, Boards of Education, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary...
This paper presents an evaluation of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) Program, an integral part of the fifth grade curriculum in 84 elementary schools in the Broward County (Florida) Public Schools. During the 1992-93 school year, nearly 12,000 fifth grade students attended DARE classes taught by 43 trained law enforcement officers. Attitudinal and informational questionnaires, designed to assess the effectiveness of DARE and to determine program costs to law enforcement agencies,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitude Measures, Cooperative Programs, Drug Education, Elementary School...
This handbook seeks to provide advocates with the tools they need to encourage arts education in the schools, particularly in New Jersey. The document includes background material on arts education and advocacy, a set of 11 reasons why the arts are basic to education, and an explanation of what constitutes a quality arts education. Under the major heading, "The How-to of Advocacy," the handbook provides tips about getting started, publicity and promotion, working within the political...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advocacy, Art Education, Basic Skills, Citizen Participation, Educational Quality,...
This proceedings of the Association for Applied Interactive Multimedia 1993 conference includes the following papers: "Multimedia in Education and Training: 'Promises and Challenges'" (H. D. Ellis); "Critical Thinking in the Multimedia, Self-Paced English Classroom" (L. Mortensen); "Computer Assisted Instruction" (C. Whitehouse); "Cyberteaching: Teaching about and within Cyberspace" (G. Cartwright & M. Silva); "Developing a Prototype Multimedia...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Authoring Aids (Programming), Computer Assisted Instruction, Early Childhood...
Papers on aspects of second language program evaluation include the following: "The Role of Language Testing in Language Program Evaluation" (Adrian Palmer); "Defining an Appropriate Role for Language Tests in Intensive English Language Programs" (Margaret Des Brisay, Doreen Ready); "Principles and Practice in an Evaluation Project" (Dermot F. Murphy); "National Level Formative Evaluation: Some First Steps" (Ali Abdul Ghani, Brian Hunt); "Second...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Evaluation, Elementary Secondary Education, English for Academic Purposes,...
This collection of materials for parents, early childhood workers, the elderly, and anyone in situations requiring safeguards against poisoning, spans the years 1993 and 1994 and is intended to promote National Poison Prevention Week. The materials included are: (1) the 31-page, illustrated report on National Poison Prevention Week for 1993, published by the Poison Prevention Week Council and including a presidential proclamation of National Poison Prevention Week, remarks by several...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accident Prevention, Child Caregivers, Health Materials, Health Promotion, Older...
Counseling services evaluation studies were conducted at one university counseling center in 1987, 1990, 1991, and 1993. The 1987 survey was a comprehensive effort to obtain data from 1,000 students living on campus. The next three surveys used a brief format of 50 items, focusing on current counseling center clients. Subjects included 436 students in 1987, 112 of whom had used counseling center services; 116 students in 1990; 109 students in 1991; and 150 students in 1993; for a total of 487...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anxiety, Client Characteristics (Human Services), College Programs, College Students,...
This paper reviews statements by the New York State Commissioner of Education, the New York State Board of Regents, and various task forces and committees on the importance of infusing a multicultural perspective into programs of study for New York's schools. The learning outcomes for English language arts presented in these statements call for students to respond sensitively to texts and performances with diverse social, historical, and cultural dimensions. The paper then presents impressions...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Pluralism, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups, Higher Education,...
This guide provides information to create and care for a Famous and Historic Trees Living Classroom in which students learn American history and culture in the context of environmental change. The booklet contains 10 hands-on activities that emphasize observation, critical thinking, and teamwork. Worksheets and illustrations provide students with tools to plant and care for trees. Activities 9 and 10 enable the students to create a living classroom in which they plant their historic tree....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Context, Ecology, Environmental Education, Experiential Learning, Forestry,...
This paper investigates the status of the null object in Mandarin Chinese. It proposes that if an object is topicalized, the empty category in the object position should be analyzed as a variable. If it is not topicalized, it is a "pro." It is argued that a pro resembles an overt pronoun in obeying Condition B, but differs from the latter in being subject to the revised version of the Generalized Control Rule initially proposed by Huang (1989). These two requirements suffice to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Grammar, Language Patterns, Language Research, Linguistic Theory,...
The efforts of college student affairs professionals aimed at improving student life, integrating new student groups, and attracting and retaining students are becoming critical to institutions attempting to maintain enrollments of qualified students, ensure academic achievement, place graduates, and develop supportive alumni. Changes in student affairs contexts and clienteles involve uneven success with students from underrepresented groups, demographic shifts, expanding use of information...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Responsibility, College Students, Continuing Education, Counseling...
This document is a compilation of materials on integrating academic and vocational technical education. Section 1 presents integration basics, including a definition, its benefits, barriers, conditions required for integration, and models, pros, and cons. Section 2 focuses on curriculum alignment and provides steps for designing an integrated unit of study and sample time frame for course alignment. Section 3 addresses goal/rationale, concepts, essential questions, and theme. Section 4 provides...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Education, Career Education, Curriculum Development,...
This packet, part of the instructional materials for the Oregon apprenticeship program for millwright training, contains 17 modules covering electricity and electronics. The modules provide information on the following topics: basics of energy, atomic theory, electrical conduction, basics of direct current, introduction to circuits, reading scales, using a Volt-O-Meter, Ohm's Law, Power and Watt's Law, Kirchoff's Current Law, Kirchoff's Voltage Law, series resistive circuits, parallel resistive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Apprenticeships, Behavioral Objectives, Course Content, Electricity, Electronics, Job...
This paper describes a new approach devised by the Harvard Principals' Center for improving professional development for practicing principals. The approach is predicated on a novel conception of principals as life-long learners and on the proposition that principals themselves can and should assume major responsibility for all aspects of their professional development. Principals themselves were enlisted as the architects, designers, and engineers of the center. An advisory board consisting of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Attitudes, Administrator Education, Administrator Role, Cooperative...
The basic goal of the Working Parents Project (WPP) has been to contribute to the understanding of issues arising from the relationship between work and family life. The WPP perspective pays particular attention to the ways workplace culture affects the ability of family members to participate in their children's education at home and in school. The introduction of this annual report for the period December l983 through November 1984 provides an overview of the project and definitions of terms....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Background, Business Responsibility, Comparative Analysis, Cooperation, Elementary...
National Institute of Education (NIE) staff members have developed a convening process characterized by collaborative meetings with experts to focus on specific problems of an educational organization. The process is intended to help combine research knowledge with practical experience in order to make informed decisions quickly. This document is an evaluation report on the convening process used in 1983-84 to help the State of Mississippi implement its educational reform legislation. An NIE...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accreditation (Institutions), Conferences, Consortia, Cooperative Planning,...
Written primarily from the employer's perspective, this report examines the issues involved in providing child care assistance as an employee benefit. Chapter 1 summarizes rapid changes in the work force that have produced employer involvement in child care arrangements. The major findings of the report are highlighted in Chapter 2, including the following: (1) the number of employers offering some child care services has doubled to 1,000 since 1982; (2) employers have misgivings about the cost...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education, Employer Supported Day...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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After a brief introduction identifying current issues and trends in research on class size, this brochure reviews five recent studies bearing on the relationship of class size to educational effectiveness. Part 1 is a review of two interrelated and highly controversial "meta-analyses" or statistical integrations of research findings on class size, by Gene V. Glass and Mary Lee Smith: "Meta-Analysis of Research on the Relationship of Class Size and Achievement," and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Attitudes, Class Size, Classroom Environment, Correlation, Cost...
The manual is intended as a guide for initiating outreach projects for families of handicapped children. The manual is organized in four parts, covering the following topics: (1) the general organization of a family outreach project; (2) the development, content, administration and scoring of the Family Interview Schedule designed to examine family environment processes; (3) implementation of a family information management system based on computerized analysis of responses to the Family...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disabilities, Family Environment, Family Programs, Family Relationship, Interviews,...
The culmination of a year-long bipartisan national initiative on child care policy, this committee report makes specific policy recommendations for the federal government based on hearings held in 3 cities and receiving the testimony of 160 witnesses from 22 states. An introduction summarizes demographic trends and present policies regarding child care, and gives examples of child care initiatives. Recommendations for Congress include revising current income tax credits and exemptions;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accessibility (for Disabled), Child Abuse, Child Caregivers, Day Care, Day Care...
The textual material for a unit on trickling filters is presented in this student manual. Topic areas discussed include: (1) trickling filter process components (preliminary treatment, media, underdrain system, distribution system, ventilation, and secondary clarifier); (2) operational modes (standard rate filters, high rate filters, roughing filters, filter staging); (3) trickling filter microbiology (biomass, nutritional requirements, metabolism rates, growth and sloughing cycle); (4)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biology, Laboratory Procedures, Microbiology, Postsecondary Education, Sludge,...
This document presents testimony and prepared statements from the Congressional hearings on the partnership between government and the private sector for the provision of long term care to the nation's elderly. An opening statement is presented from Senator Daniel Evans. Twelve additional statements are presented, including testimony from a secretary of community services, administrators of hospice programs and health cooperatives, the president of a medical association, a member of an advisory...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Services, Delivery Systems, Family Involvement, Federal Aid, Government...
This handbook provides basic information for preparing individuals to work as long-term care aides and homemakers. It is written both for college students in long-term care aide/homemaker programs and for individuals already employed in these occupations. Health care agencies giving orientation training for new employees and inservice training for experienced staff may use this as a resource book for their employees. Four sections cover communication skills and personal work skills, growth and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Allied Health Occupations Education, Allied Health Personnel,...
In an attempt to specify in some canonical terms what many heuristic programs known as "expert systems" do, an analysis was made of ten rule-based systems. It was found that these programs proceed through easily identifiable phases of data abstraction, heuristic mapping onto a hierarchy of pre-enumerated solutions, and refinement within this hierarchy: that is, they do classification. Focusing on content rather than representational technology, this paper proposes a set of terms and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, Computer Science, Computer Software, Heuristics, Higher Education,...
The process of research synthesis is examined in this paper. The results of a case study of what happens to the attitudes of six experts in the field of school desegregation and black achievement when they interactively review the relevant research literature are presented. The impact of these subjects' resulting reviews on the attitudes of a less expert audience (i.e. graduate students) is also examined. It is concluded that the attitude-relevant aspects of research reviewing are probably best...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitude Change, Black Achievement, Data Analysis, Data Collection, Desegregation...
Designed for teachers of students in grades 7-12, this social studies infusion unit examines individual rights and responsibilities in the context of the American criminal justice system and explores the balance between individual and group rights achieved at various levels of American government. An introductory chapter outlines the program and describes effective teaching strategies that stimulate active involvement of students: directed discussions; small group activities, brainstorming,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Responsibility, Civil Liberties, Court Role, Crime, Criminal Law,...
This module (part of a series of 24 modules) is on judicial and legislative influences relevant to mainstreaming. The genesis of these materials is in the 10 "clusters of capabilities," outlined in the paper, "A Common Body of Practice for Teachers: The Challenge of Public Law 94-142 to Teacher Education." These clusters form the proposed core of professional knowledge needed by teachers in the future. The module is to be used by teacher educators to reexamine and enhance...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Court Litigation, Federal Courts, Federal Legislation, Higher Education,...
Included are presentations on (or entitled): (1) restructuring the teacher education curriculum (Frank B. W. Hawkinshire); (2) teacher education reform (Carol Weinstein); (3) "Comments on Excellence in Teacher Education" (Maxine Greene); (4) teacher education in and for the future (Lenore H. Ringler); (5) teacher education and technology (Cecily Cannan Selby); (6) role of higher education institutions in teacher education (Jeanne Silver Frankl, with an appended paper on needs of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Futures (of Society), Higher...
In two school districts of the Saanich Penninsula, Native Indian Language programs were initiated in 1979 (Victoria) and 1981 (Saanich). The goal of this evaluation were: (1) to determine the factors which affected the implementation of Native Indian Language programs for dialects of two language families (Wakashan, including Kwak'wala and Nuu-chah-nulth; and Salishan, including Songhees, Sencoten, and Halkomelem); (2) to ascertain the support for such programs among Native Indian parents and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Canada Natives, Community Support, Curriculum Evaluation, Elementary Secondary...
Currently available aviation education resource materials are listed alphabetically by title under four headings: (1) career information; (2) audiovisual materials; (3) publications; and (4) periodicals. Each entry includes: title; format (16mm film, slides, slide/tape presentation, VHS/Beta videotape, book, booklet, newsletter, pamphlet, poster, chart, photograph, or magazine); class (career information, audiovisual aid, periodical, or publication); educational level (elementary, secondary,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Aerospace Education, Audiovisual Aids, Career Awareness, Elementary School Science,...
This report contains testimony on the subject of breast cancer. Under consideration was a proposed bill that will assure women that physicians and surgeons inform breast cancer patients of alternative, effective, methods of treatment and will ensure that the woman will have to give her informed consent before any treatment is initiated. Also considered was a bill which will require Medicare to provide coverage for routine cancer screening. The need for research on a cancer vaccine was also...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cancer, Disease Control, Disease Incidence, Federal Legislation, Females, Government...
A state of the art report on the development of native and second language reading skills in nonnative English speakers begins with a review of the reading process and the relationship of language to the reading process. The second chapter reviews various levels of language and relates them to reading and learning to read a first and second language. Two questions are addressed: (1) to what extent do language proficiency or language differences affect reading and learning to read a second...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Applied Linguistics, Bilingualism, Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Processes,...
Responses to an extensive survey by 910 (62 percent) of the head administrators at the 1,464 Catholic high schools in the United States provide the information presented in this report. The survey, containing 1,063 pieces of information in 14 sections, was designed to create a view of the resources, programs, facilities, personnel, and policies of Catholic high schools. Special scrutiny is given to how Catholic schools vary by gender composition (coed versus single sex), size, governance...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Catholic Schools, Catholics, Coeducation, Comparative Analysis, Differences,...
These instructional materials involve secondary students in simulating a criminal trial concerning teenage drinking. Included are all materials necessary for participation in the 1984 California Mock Trial Competition. Part I of the document describes a hypothetical situation involving a high school senior who faces state felony charges for leaving the scene of an accident where another person has been injured. The driver had been drinking on the night of the accident. Discussion questions are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Responsibility, Courts, Criminal Law, Drinking, Drug Use, Experiential...
Part of a series designed to facilitate integration of severely handicapped students, the booklet presents a module on promoting the acceptance of individual differences. The instructor's information lists objectives and procedures for addressing five competencies: (1) to develop an awareness of one's own attitudes toward disabled persons to facilitate positive attitudinal changes; (2) to become aware of the social, organizational and personal influences affecting one's perceptions of disabled...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitudes toward Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Individual...
Existing adaptive devices do not give blind persons full access to today's word processors or the personal computers (PCs) replacing them. Therefore, a study examined information concerning the technological and training imperatives that must be addressed in order to allow blind individuals complete access to the field of word processing. Because word processing systems are highly proprietary, it is not prudent to develop adaptive devices for specific, dedicated word processors. Rather, efforts...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Blindness, Computer Software, Educational Needs, Electromechanical Aids, Electronic...
This packet contains three handouts on training theory and the use of audiovisual aids, as well as a section on materials and presentation techniques for use by community development workers concerned with exchanging information and working with the people in a community. The first handout, "Communication in Development," briefly discusses the four steps in the communication process: attention, understanding, acceptance, and action, and presents a seven step procedure to be followed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiovisual Aids, Audiovisual Communications, Audiovisual Instruction, Communication...
Articles in this journal issue focus on aspects of writing instruction and research. The articles discuss the following topics: (1) recent changes in the teaching of composition, (2) a writing sequence for the junior high/middle and secondary school English curriculum, (3) 10 writing-for-learning tasks to use throughout the curriculum, (4) writing and learning, (5) meaning versus correctness in writing, (6) group conferences in large composition classes, (7) how to make writing conferences...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Elementary Secondary Education, Poetry, Reading Skills, Research...
As a supplement to the March 1982 Current Population Survey, the Bureau of the Census collected data on age, marital status, education, voting and registration, fertility, employment, family composition and size, income, and poverty status of Spanish-origin persons residing in the United States. Data were compared to data for the overall population and for persons not of Spanish origin. Data indicated that in March 1982 there were about 14 million Hispanics in the United States. About 11% were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Age, Birth Rate, Census Figures, Comparative Analysis, Cubans, Demography,...
The relationship between the congruence, strength, and type of organizational culture and organizational effectiveness was studied, based on questionnaire responses by 3,406 administrators, faculty department heads, and trustees from 334 colleges and universities. Respondents rated the extent to which certain characteristics were present at their school as well as the extent to which four organizational culture types (clan, adhocracy, hierarchy, or market cultures) were dominant. In addition to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Attitudes, College Administration, College Environment, Colleges,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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Developed as part of the Marine Corps Institute (MCI) correspondence training program, this course on basic warehousing is designed to provide Marines with Military Occupation Speciality 3051 in the rank of private through corporal with instruction in those basic principles, methods, and procedures that can be applied to any warehousing or storage operation. It is adaptable for nonmilitary instruction. Introductory materials include specific information for MCI students and a study guide...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Behavioral Objectives, Continuing Education, Correspondence Study,...
This booklet, one of a series of booklets intended to apply economic principles to major social and political issues of the day, traces the modernization of the ancient culture of Japan. Four major areas are covered: (1) "An Ancient Culture" covers the period from the first settling of Japan through the Heian period, the medieval ages, the Meiji restoration, and the development of Japan as a world power. (2) "Postwar Japan" covers the rebuilding of Japan, economic recovery,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Ancient History, Asian History, Business, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This correspondence course, originally developed for the Marine Corps, is designed to provide mechanics with an understanding of the operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting of automotive power trains and certain auxiliary equipment. The course contains six study units covering basic power trains; clutch principles and operations; conventional transmissions; transfer assemblies; universal joints, propeller shafts and other joints; and final drives, differential assemblies, and axle...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Auto Mechanics, Behavioral Objectives, Continuing Education,...
Increased levels of carbon dioxide have contributed to the problematic phenomenon known as the greenhouse effect. Evidence has indicated that the rise in carbon dioxide levels could be accurately correlated with a rise in the Earth's mean temperature, a shrinking of the polar icecaps, and a resulting rise in the Earth's mean sea level. The problems resulting from this situation are reviewed in these proceedings. Individuals presenting testimony and/or providing prepared statements (and when...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Air Pollution, Climate, Environmental Influences, Hearings, Oceanography, Physical...
An analysis is presented of the Hunter Staff Development Model. Suggestions for improving the implementation of the model are based on a review of the literature pertinent to the Hunter model, and a series of interviews with: (1) teachers and administrators who have received training in the Hunter model; (2) a group of Hunter Staff Development Model-oriented trainers; and (3) Madeline Hunter, the chief architect of the clinical theory of instruction from which the various staff development...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Inservice Teacher Education, Instructional...
This report provides a summary and description of the activities performed during Phase I (August 1983 to July 1984) of the Cooperative Developmental Energy Project of Tennessee State University. The major intent of the project was to develop a plan of action for enhancing employment and career mobility of minorities in the energy industry. Organizational components and procedural tasks of the project are explained. A review of the probable reasons for low levels of minority employment in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Careers, Employment, Employment Opportunities, Energy, Energy Education, Females,...
This report is the seventh in an annual series reporting the drug use and related attitudes of America's high school seniors; the findings come from an ongoing national research and reporting program, "Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of Lifestyles and Values of Youth," also known as the High School Senior Survey. Data on two major topics are reported: current prevalence of drug use among high school seniors (especially illicit drug use), and trends in use since 1975. Also...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Drug Abuse, Drug Use, High School Seniors, High Schools, Illegal Drug Use, Student...
Designed to assist the House Select Committee on Aging in determining how technology can be utilized to improve the quality of life for the older population both now and in the future, this hearing was convened for five specific reasons: (1) to identify applications of technology for the benefit of older persons and mechanisms for their development; (2) to educate Congress and the public about the various technologies that can benefit the elderly; (3) to increase public awareness of the ways...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Programs, Aging (Individuals), Computer Literacy, Federal Legislation, Health...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This document describes the education legislation adopted by the 1985 Illinois General Assembly session on educational reform. An introductory overview (1) describes the process of reviewing state education mandates, beginning in 1981, which laid the foundations for the public policy discussions of the 1985 General Assembly, and (2) summarizes the major educational reforms adopted in response to issues identified during this process. An index to these education initiatives follows. Thereafter,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Qualifications, Curriculum Development, Educational Administration,...
This curriculum guide contains materials for a 13-unit course in advanced metals, the second metals course in the industrial arts curriculum for grades 10-12. It is intended for use by industrial arts teachers, supervisors, counselors, administrators, and teacher educators. A two-page course overview provides a brief course description; indicates target grade level, prerequisites, course goals, and course objectives; presents an introduction to the course; and suggests a time frame. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Careers, Course Descriptions, Course Objectives, Finishing,...
This vocational instructional module on outlining a basic shape on flat steel is one of eight such modules designed to assist recently arrived Arab students, limited in English proficiency (LEP), in critical instructional areas in a comprehensive high school. Goal stated for this module is for the student enrolled in a machine tool course to construct a basic outline on a piece of flat steel. Each module consists of these parts: title; program goal and performance objectives; a pronunciation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Arabic, Behavioral Objectives, Bilingual Education Programs, Bilingual Instructional...
Part of a series of annotated bibliographies dealing with issues and problems raised by educators involved with population education programs, this publication addresses curriculum development in population education. Curriculum development is the most important component of a population education program, for it is through curriculum materials that learners receive population education messages. Entries are organized into six major parts: (1) Strategies for Curriculum Development in Population...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Agriculture, Biology, Comparative Education, Curriculum Development,...
This seven-part guidebook provides information to assist decision makers and other individuals involved in the residential wood energy fuel cycle. It can be used as a tool for designing or implementing programs, strategies, and policies that encourage, prevent, or mitigate safety or air emission related impacts of residential woodburning equipment and practices. It can also assist the private sector interests in their decisions to improve technology, provide education, encourage better...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Air Pollution, Chimneys, Fire Protection, Fuel Consumption, Fuels, Hazardous...
A study was conducted to explore whether explicit teacher explanation techniques could be effective with severely disabled readers in clinical settings. The subjects were three teachers enrolled in a five-week supervised clinical practicum that emphasized continuous diagnosis of disabled readers and the planning and implementation of 54 hours of corrective and remedial instruction on the basis of identified student needs. Using procedures and tools from an earlier study, lessons were rated for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Education, Individualized Instruction, Learning Disabilities, Perception,...
This paper investigated the predictive validity of the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) for members of different gender and minority status groups. The following data were obtainted on 45,067 undergraduates enrolled in 31 different institutions in a state college system: SAT Verbal (SAT-V) and SAT Mathematics (SAT-M) scores; high school average (HSA); cumulative credit hours carried and cumulative credit hours earned; and cumulative grade point average. Regression equations of GPA with SAT...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Black Students, College Entrance Examinations, College...
Perceptions of college students concerning the level of stress they experience from 25 potential stressors were studied. The sample consisted of 198 students from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Based on a principal factors analysis with varimax rotation, seven stress-source factors were identified: (1) academic content, (2) interpersonal relationships and health, (3) financial security, (4) relocation and residence, (5) recent death of a family member, (6) sexual...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Environment, College Students, Death, Financial Problems, Grief, Health,...
An annotated bibliography of 224 items drawn from the literature on instruction in English as a second language (ESL) includes citations from bibliographic databases (Educational Resources Information Center, Bilingual Education Bibliographic Abstracts, Bilingual Research On-Line, and Microcomputer Courseware Resource On-Line), professional journals, and other publications in the field. The items are listed in four categories: ESL instructional approaches, ESL curriculum organization, ESL...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Classroom Techniques, Course Organization, Curriculum...
The Mathematics 13-23-33 program consists of core and elective components, both mandatory, for three courses. The core represents the common set of minimum educational objectives prescribed for all students taking the program; the elective component allows for variety and flexibility in the choice of topics. Emphasis is placed on inductive, experimental approaches to the understanding and assimilation of mathematics content. Problem solving, applications, and statistics are strong facets of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Course Descriptions, Curriculum Guides, Educational Objectives, Elective Courses,...
Materials designed to accompany an orientation program for teachers and group leaders preparing to take a group of teenage students abroad are divided into two sections dealing with content and process. The first section on the content of orientation covers the following topics: pre-departure preparation and a sample language-culture lesson for adaptation to the target language and culture; a model for group orientation concerning expectations, program and trip information, host country...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Guides, Adolescents, Class Activities, Course Descriptions, Cross...
This curriculum guide suggests activities and educational experiences within a Hawaiian cultural context for kindergarten and Grade 1 students in Hawaiian schools. First, an introduction discusses the contents of the guide, the relationship of the classroom teacher and the kupuna (Hawaiian-speaking elder); the identification and scheduling of Kupunas; and how to use the guide. The remainder of the guide is divided into two major sections. Each is preceded by an overview which outlines the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Resources, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Education, Early Childhood...
The purpose of this resarch was to develop a model of verbal information processing for use in subsequent analyses of the construct and predictive validity of the current Department of Defense military selection and classification battery, the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) 8/9/10. The theory and research methods of selected verbal information processing paradigms are reviewed. Work in factor analytic, information processing, chronometric analysis, componential analysis, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Armed Forces, Cognitive Processes, Models, Postsecondary Education,...
California's demonstration programs in reading and mathematics are the State's only educational programs whose funds are used exclusively to serve low-achieving students from disadvantaged areas at the junior high-middle school level. The purpose of the programs is threefold: to establish exemplary programs in reading and mathematics instruction in Grades 7, 8, and 9; to develop the reading and mathematics competence of low-achieving students; and to disseminate these successful practices to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Cost Effectiveness, Demonstration Programs, Diffusion...
The first portion of this document presents a review of literature indicating shortages of teachers in mathematics and science. In the second portion, solution strategies are discussed. Twenty-two states have initiated financial-incentive programs, while 27 states have used training or retraining programs. Federal, state, and local efforts are then described, followed by a description of college-based retraining programs in Ohio. Finally, recommendations are made. Several success factors were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Planning, Educational Research, Incentives, Mathematics Education,...
A Health Belief Model (HBM) based educational intervention intended to increase adolescents' fertility control through abstinence or effective contraceptive usage was implemented and evaluated by pre-intervention interviews with 203 adolescents and post-intervention interviews with 146 adolescents. Participants' sexuality-related knowledge and attitudes were assessed 1 to 7 days before the program, on the day immediately after the program, and 3 to 6 months after completion of the program....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Attitude Change, Behavior Change, Contraception, Intervention,...
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TAFE (Technical and Further Education) is a multifaceted educational organization in Australia and few people in it, and even fewer outside, know about all its aspects outside their own areas of interest and expertise. This book provides information about some current aspects of TAFE, intended to give a broad perspective on 12 different issues. The following papers are included in the book: "The Influence of the Kangan Philosophy on Australian TAFE," by Leslie Claydon; "Attrition...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Adult Education, Adult Programs, Blue Collar Occupations, Career...
This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by information professionals working in an information service company. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which information professionals in such companies perform: project management; reference/analysis of secondary data; research, analysis, and design; marketing; and organization/management support. Within each function, competencies are grouped under the categories of Knowledge, Skills,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Competence, Employment Patterns, Information Scientists, Information Services, Job...
The psychological and linguistic rationales for an integrative approach to teaching reading and language that is based on the language experience and shared book approaches are presented, and the necessary changes in the Singapore educational system are outlined. Because the program is an integrated language arts approach, reading instruction time is integrated with language learning time, and some blocked periods are scheduled. The implementation strategies include provision for monitoring and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Beginning Reading, Classroom Techniques, Comparative Analysis, English Instruction,...
A study examined the relationship between communication apprehension (CA) and student achievement among elementary and middle school students. It was hypothesized that students high in CA would demonstrate lower academic achievement than students moderate in CA who, in turn, would demonstrate lower levels of achievement than students low in CA. Subjects, 1,290 elementary and middle school students in a midwest state, completed the Measure of Elementary Communication Apprehension (MECA)....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Communication Apprehension, Communication Research, Comparative...
This report presents information on a study to project labor force demand in Korea against the existent capacity of supply and to explore corrective measures to ensure balance between demand and supply. Chapter I describes the background and goals of the study. Chapter II examines human resource developmentt of Korea in the period 1961-1979 with special attention to the relationship between labor force structure and economic growth. Analysis is made of total population, economically active...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Education, Economic Development, Employment Projections, Foreign Countries,...
A federally funded project was undertaken at the University of New Hampshire to: (1) determine the feasibility of incorporating specific techniques of oral proficiency evaluation in college-level foreign language courses, (2) create a network of foreign language professors in northern New England colleges and universities trained in the use of oral proficiency evaluation procedures, and (3) develop a handbook of oral proficiency evaluation techniques for college-level foreign language faculty....
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Second Language Programs, Examiners, Higher Education, Intercollegiate...
The paper describes the efforts of Stepping Stones Growth Center, a vocational training organization which places persons with developmental disabilities into competitive employment. Two programs within Stepping Stones feature training for boat maintenance and janitorial and grounds maintenance. Placement preparation is described in terms of its four phases: (1) screening, interest inventories, counseling, readiness activities, application preparation; (2) employer targeting, interview...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Developmental Disabilities, Employment, Job Placement, Job Skills, Vocational...
When readers encounter the dissonance of conflicting ideas and are motivated by the psychological discomfort to resolve the dissonance, the effort to alleviate this discomfort may well result in the activation of those cognitive processes termed critical reading and thinking. With this in mind, one approach to teaching critical reading treats reading as a meaning-driven, hypothesis-generating process that involves interactions between the thoughts of readers and authors. The general teaching...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Conflict Resolution, Content Area Reading, Critical Reading,...
This guide provides procedures and supporting materials for a sex equity workshop aimed at elementary school teachers. The workshop is intended to expand awareness of sexism and to increase sex-affirmative behavior in the educational environment. The guide describes content, process, and sequential learning experiences for seven sessions, plus an optional eighth session. Sessions 1 and 2 are organized to increase awareness of sexism and to provide a common vocabulary. Sessions 3 and 4 focus on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Assertiveness, Behavior Change, Change Strategies, Classroom Techniques, Educational...
These papers represent the efforts of individual researchers from five countries: Australia, Belgium, Canada, The Netherlands and the United States. Each paper reports on educational change in a different country, based on the Concerns-Based Adoption Model developed at the Research and Development Center for Teacher Education at the University of Texas at Austin. Papers included are as follows: "Implementing a High School Geography Curriculum in the State of Western Australia," by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Role, Adoption (Ideas), Change Strategies, Curriculum Development, Data...
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Learning skills determined by Oregon teachers to be necessary for all Oregon students are presented in this booklet. The skills are divided according to seven outcome goals expected of students by the end of grades 3, 5, 8 and 11: (1) ability to demonstrate the use of vocabulary, speech, numerals, and other symbol systems essential for effective communication, computation, and problem solving; (2) ability to interpret the literal meanings of information presented in written, visual and oral...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communication Skills, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade...
This study investigated the effects of intraprogram synopses on children's comprehension of essential and peripheral content of an action-adventure television drama. The impact of these synopses on the comprehension of commercials also was investigated. A total of 30 second graders and 30 fifth graders participated. Synopses were presented to experimental subjects either before or after commercial breaks; no synopses were presented to control subjects. Immediately after viewing the program, all...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Age Differences, Comprehension, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students,...
The 15 articles on end-users and online searching that are annotated in this bibliography were published during 1984 and 1985 and cited in Current Index to Journals in Education (CIJE) and Resources in Education (RIE). The documents and articles cover a variety of issues and perspectives including: criteria for implementation of end-user online search services in academic libraries; alternatives to the Boolean system that enable users of online bibliographic databases to obtain their required...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Libraries, Annotated Bibliographies, Databases, Higher Education, Library...
A collection of papers presented at a seminar conducted at the Regional Language Centre (Singapore) on communicative language teaching includes: "Integrating the New and the Old in a Communicative Approach" (William T. Littlewood); "Communicative Competence and Language Teaching: Second Thoughts" (Christina Bratt Paulston); "Communicative Teaching: 'Communicative' in What Sense?" (N. S. Prabhu); "Silence in the Communicative Curriculum" (John Gibbons);...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Techniques, Communicative Competence (Languages), Developing Nations,...
Part of a national study which examined the resettlement of Laotian Hmong refugees in the United States, this volume presents the results of an eight-month study of projects and enterprises that in some way promote the economic self-sufficiency of the Hmong. The specific purposes of the study were to identify and to obtain information about all significant ventures throughout the country, to describe general constraints and opportunities facing the ventures, to prepare in-depth descriptions of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economic Development, Economic Opportunities, Employment Opportunities, Employment...
One of a series of 20 literary magazine profiles written to help faculty advisors wishing to start or improve their publication, this profile provides information on staffing and production of "Chips," the magazine published by Bethesda-Chevy Chase Senior High School, Bethesda, Maryland. The introduction describes the literary magazine contest (and criteria), which was sponsored by the National Council of Teachers of English and from which the 20 magazines were chosen. The remainder...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Competition, Creative Writing, Evaluation Methods, Faculty Advisers, High Schools,...
This paper discusses adaptation of the Total Physical Response technique, as used in a college German course, to the learning of grammar in high school second language courses. It is proposed that direct methods involving physical action can be used to teach and test production of almost any traditional grammar item and retain the motivational advantages of active contextual practice. Specific grammatical objectives and appropriate classroom techniques and activities are described for these...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Class Activities, Classroom Techniques, Communicative...
Developed as a result of the growing interest in public speaking in business and other professional sectors, this annotated bibliography contains recent citations of public speaking and related subjects in the popular press. The citations are drawn from trade journals, magazines, and books in print, rather than from scholarly or academic works. With the exception of the books, all the publications listed in the bibliography were published within the past five years. Brief abstracts are provided...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Business Communication, Communication Skills, Humor,...
This report describes a program promoting alternative financing of child care services by corporations and public employers in Portland, Oregon. Chapter 1 states the rationale for the approach and policy that the "Community Shares" program represents. The rationale includes the argument for a community program of child care information, referral, and resource development and the argument for corporate support of such a service. Chapter 2 presents an historical overview of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Support, Community Surveys, Early Childhood Education, Employer Supported...
The academic careers of City University of New York (CUNY) freshmen who enrolled during the initial years of the open-admissions policy were studied. For 1970, 1971, and 1972 entrants, educational attainments were measured through 1984. Attention was directed to: rates of graduation for undergraduate degrees after 12 or more years; how students accumulated credentials at various time intervals; the success of community college entrants in earning bachelor's degrees; and the proportions earning...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Persistence, Bachelors Degrees, College Freshmen, College Graduates,...
A study of two rural New York counties--Cortland and Otsego--was undertaken to identify innovative ways to provide public passenger transportation services in rural areas by using transportation cooperatives. Information about current transportation services was obtained from staff members of the human service agencies and county government officials in the study counties. Additional data were obtained from the 1980 Census of Housing and Population and the New York State Department of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agency Cooperation, Bus Transportation, Community Services, Cooperatives, Delivery...
This collection of papers addresses the impact of rapidly changing telecommunications technology on libraries. A brief introduction by James L. Divilbiss sets the stage for the following papers: (1) "Making Sense of New Technologies and New Legislation" (Joseph Ford); (2) "Selection and Use of Telecommunications Consultants for Library Automation" (Rodney B. Perry); (3) "Modeling Library Communications Traffic" (John C. Kountz); (4) "Telecommunications for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Equipment, Electronic Mail, Federal Legislation, Information Networks,...
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The individual differences that are labeled as learning styles, teaching styles, leadership styles, and psychological types are clustered together in this book in order to explore the importance of style in education. The book is divided into three parts. The first part defines style and provides some background concerning research on style. The second part describes six different applications of concepts of styles by major researchers. An application example is provided for each of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Characteristics, Cognitive Style, Elementary Secondary Education,...
The Holmes Group, a consortium of deans and a number of chief academic officers from research institutions in each of the 50 states, is organized around the twin goals of the reform of teacher education and the reform of the teaching profession. Members of the group represent colleges of teacher education that are the leading research institutions in their respective states and regions. The study and consensus-building deliberations of this group over the past several years culminated in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, Admission Criteria, Educational Change, Educational Improvement,...
The study described in this report was conducted by by the Research Triangle Institute as an inquiry into the staffing patterns, funding allocation formulas and procedures, enrollment trends, and mission and governance of the North Carolina Community College System (NCCCS) and its 58 institutions. Section I of the report provides an introduction to the study, its design and specific objectives, the national and regional context, the history and current composition of the NCCCS, and the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrative Organization, Community Colleges, Educational Finance, Enrollment,...
Designed to address the major conceptual problems associated with light and vision, appearances of surfaces, and color, this module can be used with high school students or college nonscience majors including those in elementary education. It is one in a series developed by the project "Overcoming Critical Barriers to Learning in Nonmajors' Science Courses." The materials offer guidance to teachers in diagnosing student deficiencies, in creating dissatisfaction with misconceptions,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Science, Color, Higher Education, Learning Modules, Light, Misconceptions,...
A compilation of 89 structural frameworks or classifications of outcomes of higher education is presented. Each classification system or model is discussed according to the time it entered the literature. The classifications are grouped into three areas: impacts on individuals, impacts on society, and impacts on individuals and society. Some of the classifications that center on individuals have specific subtopics: eight focus on intellectual development; seven focus on emotional, cultural, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, College Attendance, Educational Benefits, Educational Objectives,...
This report begins by recognizing that Australia's recent immigration, fertility, and mortality trends have resulted in a rapid increase not only in the numbers of older Australians but also in their proportion of the total population. After briefly reviewing the contemporary demographic aging of Australia's population and its likely course over the next two decades, this report examines the Australian social security system which is noncontributory and historically has focused on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Aging (Individuals), Economics, Eligibility, Federal Programs, Foreign Countries,...
This brief guide to materials in the Library of Congress (LC) on computer aided design and/or computer aided manufacturing lists reference materials and other information sources under 13 headings: (1) brief introductions; (2) LC subject headings used for such materials; (3) textbooks; (4) additional titles; (5) glossaries and handbooks; (6) bibliographies; (7) state-of-the-art reviews and conference proceedings; (8) abstracting and indexing services; (9) journals that often contain relevant...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Graphics, Computer Oriented Programs, Conference Proceedings, Design,...
When gathering and presenting educational statistics, five principles should be considered. (1) The data must be accurate, valid, and complete. Limitations, weaknesses, margins of error, and levels of confidence should be clearly stated. (2) The data must include comparable information, sought in comparable ways, in comparable forms, from comparable sources. (3) Data that do not have immediate utility should be collected such that they may be useful at a later time. (4) Historical statistics...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Data Analysis, Data Collection, Educational Research,...
The purpose of this paper is to present two new alternative methods to the current goodness of fit methodology. With the increase use of computerized adaptive test (CAT), the ability to determine the accuracy of calibrated item parameter estimates is paramount. The first method applies a normalizing transformation to the logistic residuals to make them more interpretable. The second method translates residuals directly into a loss of information statistic. Both methods require a CAT simulation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing, Computer Simulation, Educational...