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This study was conducted (1) to identify the methods used by land-grant institutions to increase the career awareness of home economics majors and (2) to identify the specific minors, options, or emphasis areas that are being implemented at these institutions to increase the career alternatives of home economics education majors. A questionnaire was sent to the head home economics educator at 67 land-grant institutions in the United States, with a return of 82 percent (69 percent usable). The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Choice, Career Development, Career Education, College Graduates, College...
A follow-up was done of an earlier study that found that industrial arts teachers had failed to accept technology education as a replacement for industrial arts. A reassessment of Rogers' (1989) Stages of Concern (SoC) research was conducted. All industrial educators from both the Omaha (Nebraska) and Millard (Nebraska) Public Schools were included in the sample group. The SoC questionnaire was used to measure teachers' attitudes toward technology education. The 35 items on the questionnaire...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adoption (Ideas), Attitude Change, Educational Innovation, Followup Studies,...
This guide offers information and supporting materials to educators wishing to establish a high school equivalency program, drawn from experience with the External Diploma Program of Boston's (Massachusetts) Chinese American Civic Association. The program focuses on developing the reading and writing skills of non-English-speaking immigrants. An introductory section describes the equivalency program. A second section discusses the role of three writing types (dialogue journals, creative...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Classroom Techniques, Creative Writing, Curriculum...
During the years 1986-1988, a Swedish research project called "Sons" tried to provide some tentative answers to questions raised by the recent focus on gender issues in peace education. A total of 20 feminist and 20 traditional mothers of sons were interviewed concerning their ideas about the development of their sons and about the difficulties they had encountered in providing their sons with peace education. The interviews revealed that almost all the mothers wanted to raise a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Child Development, Child Rearing, Family Environment, Fathers, Feminism, Foreign...
Since 1989, the French government has been developing a program to encourage forecasting studies on skills and training needs within the framework of a dialogue between the social partners. A review of the program showed that the forecasting studies have been conducted either by public research institutions or by private consulting firms. Some problems have occurred because some employers are not well disposed toward the active participation of workers. The forecasting studies have taken a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, Employment Projections, Employment...
Students' experiences are important in shaping their subsequent practice of the teacher role, and teacher educators should look at the connections between life histories, beliefs about teaching, and classroom practice. Five undergraduate seniors and one graduate student (of various ethnic and racial groups) in preservice elementary education programs were interviewed about their cultural identity and personal history, and a brief biography was written for each person. The group then began to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Background, Cultural Differences, Elementary Education, Ethnic Groups,...
This paper provides educators with information about the development of a literature-based unit for middle-grade students dealing with the Medieval period and Asian cultures, thereby creating interest in the content materials through the use of fiction and nonfiction materials. The paper's purpose is to encourage educators to use a literature-based focus to create a variety of situations within the classroom that can lead to ongoing research about students' metacognitive strategies, interest in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Literature, Content Area Reading, Cultural Differences, Instructional...
Education reform in Great Britain during the last 15 years has been piecemeal, and all the pieces are not yet in place for broad and balanced post-16 education. The last 10 years of debate have achieved much common ground among the goals perceived by government, industry, and education. Three major ways of looking at the post-16 curriculum have emerged: the triple track, the all in, and the broad continuum. Some more detailed developments have also been taking place within the 16-19 curriculum:...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Evaluation...
This paper describes aspects of a program at Sammons Elementary School (Houston, Texas) designed to create a learning community that includes preservice teacher education students, practicing teachers, university faculty, and Sammons students and parents. The school has been designated as an Urban Professional Development Site for the Sam Houston State University Center for Professional Development (SHCPD). The site receives federal Title VII Transitional Bilingual Education funds. These funds...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bilingual Education Programs, College School Cooperation, Community Education,...
The problems facing public education in the United States today are many. School-based management is one type of reform that takes into consideration the diversity of student populations and builds shared goals among the students, staff, school, and community. This paper summarizes research findings on the components of effective school restructuring, particularly school-based management. A review of current literature on school reform suggests two themes: (1) the importance of involving all...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Public...
This paper presents survey research on the job satisfaction of student library employees in the Akron Summit County (Ohio) Public Library system. Approximately 100 (50% return) student employees were questioned about several dimensions of their employment experience including respondent gender, length of employment, previous job experience, hours worked per week, location of employment, level of school attained, type of work done on the library's automated systems, general duties performed,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employment Experience, Job Satisfaction, Library Personnel, Public Libraries, Student...
Throughout the world, women are underrepresented in technical fields as a result of the segmentation of the labor market and the internalization of expectations for women. Distance education can make an important contribution in overcoming barriers to women's participation in technology in the developed and developing world. The Open University in Britain has been successful in using distance education to recruit women into a course designed to help women who had qualified as engineers to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, College Programs, Continuing Education, Distance Education,...
This data brief reviews the financial obligations of federal agencies for academic sciences and engineering activities in fiscal year 1997. Federal agencies were obligated more than 4% above the fiscal year 1996 levels. When adjusted for inflation, federal academic science and engineering activities support was up 2% in fiscal year 1997. This information was based on the latest statistics from the National Science Foundation's (NSF) annual survey of federal science and engineering support to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Budgets, Engineering, Federal Government, Financial Support, Higher Education,...
This paper, which focuses on welfare reform's impact on community colleges, is part of a series published by the Center for Community College Policy, designed to support state and local policymakers, as well as educational leaders who are interested in policy issues related to the two-year postsecondary sector. Education has always been a critical tool for helping those in poverty to move into jobs that offer enough compensation to free them from dependence on public assistance. Traditionally,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Colleges, Economic Status, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Policy,...
Attempts to address the dearth of research on Asian and Pacific-Islander community college students by exploring the predictors of persistence and retention, and the course taking patterns of Asian Pacific American students enrolled in urban community colleges. This correlational study utilized data collected for the Transfer and Retention of Urban Community College Students (TRUCCS). Beginning in the academic year 2000 and continuing the next three years, the TRUCCS project was designed to be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, Asian American Students, Community...
The purpose of this study was to use quality improvement tools to determine if the current process of supplying hot water to a high-rise residence hall for women at a southeastern Doctoral I granting institution was in control. After a series of focus groups among the residents in the hall, it was determined that they were mostly concerned about the consistency and availability of hot water in the building. Three floors were predetermined so that the building was separated into lower, middle,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Water, Problems, Dormitories, Females, Total Quality Management, Universities, Focus...
RESEARCH GENERATED BY THE EXPERIMENTAL EDITION OF THE ILLINOIS TEST OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ABILITIES IS REVIEWED. TWENTY-FIVE STATISTICAL, REMEDIAL, AND LANGUAGE DISORDER STUDIES ARE SUMMARIZED ACCORDING TO PURPOSE, SUBJECTS, PROCEDURE, RESULTS, AND COMMENTS. SEVEN ADDITIONAL STUDIES ARE INCLUDED IN AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY. FIFTY-FOUR OTHER REFERENCES ARE ALSO INCLUDED. (MK)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Aphasia, Bibliographies, Cerebral Palsy, Deafness, Disadvantaged, Gifted, Hearing...
The central purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between distribution of teaching talent and geographic location of local school districts of California. School districts were assigned to one of four geographic categories (urban, suburban, rural, or small urban centers). Each category's teaching talent was assessed on six measures of experience and training. The most striking finding was that rural schools possess a disproportionately low number of the State's most highly...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Data Analysis, Educational Opportunities, Educationally...
A publication prepared by the Office of Education is one of a series of four which discuss the education of disadvantaged children. Focusing on grades four, five, and six, this document presents some general background material on the disadvantaged and notes some promising practices. Also included are brief descriptions of special programs in Boston, Chicago, New York, Pittsburgh, and San Diego, and three student-motivating techniques are mentioned. A bibliography lists 38 references. (NH)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bibliographies, Disadvantaged Environment, Disadvantaged Youth, Education,...
A survey was made to determine the community development programs presently being conducted in universities and colleges in each state of the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. Replies were received from 53.4% of the 375 universities and colleges polled. The most specific question, on whether the institution has a community development department, received the lowest affirmative response (19%), and the least specific question, on whether community development is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Colleges, Community Services, Consultants, Developmental Programs,...
Major aspects of the project are reviewed in four chapters: (1) An introductory review of the study's background; (2) the major needs of public elementary and secondary education in Iowa and the need for a new type of educational service agency; (3) major recommendations of the study, discussed under 10 categories; and (4) major benefits resulting from the establishment of a network of multicounty regional educational service agencies in the State of Iowa. Documents EA 001 332 through 001 336...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advisory Committees, Agency Cooperation, County School Districts, Educational...
The Liaison Committee on Texas Private Colleges and Universities undertook a study of private higher education in Texas and its future, taking into account contemporary conditions confronting all higher education and major public policy issues at state and national levels. The Committee carefully discussed and offered recommendations on: the continuation of an independent sector in Texas; the revolutionary changes in higher education and the changing nature of the university operating costs;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Coordination, Educational Cooperation, Enrollment, Faculty, Higher Education,...
The potential relevance of linguistics in the development of a teacher training program is investigated. The investigation is comprised of: (1) the deliberations of the Linguistics consortium; (2) a condensed version of the material abstracted in a literature search; (3) a conceptual mapping of the field, with listings of relevant facts; and (4) a summation. The consortium focuses on, "What linguistic knowledge and insight the teachers of underprivileged children should know, think, feel...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disadvantaged, Educational Programs, Linguistics, Teacher Education, Trainees, Adams,...
The underlying theory of the Teacher Corps Rural-Migrant programs in visual literacy is developed in this paper. The primary objective of teaching communication skills to non-native speakers of English through the use of motion picture cameras is detailed in discussion of how visual literacy motivates students and improves curriculum development. The types of activities incorporated into an educational experiment at the Yettem School indicate the interrelatedness between the traditional...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communication Skills, Educational Innovation, English Instruction, English (Second...
Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) may be gathering a bandwagon momentum and arousing high expectations, but it needs a realistic examination. Some of the advantages of the CBTE movement are that it specifies student and teacher outcomes, helps individualize instruction, brings about cooperation between the public schools and the colleges in working out plans for improving education, and focuses attention on some of the major areas in education that need improvement. Some of the problems...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Competency Based Teacher Education, Educational Improvement, Educational Philosophy,...
Over 100 entries are compiled in this bibliography which identify sources helpful in contemplating or carrying out a fieldwork approach to research in formal educational settings. The bibliography emphasizes, but is not restricted to, contributions by anthropologists. Thus, there is a preference for using the terminology of that discipline, such as ethnography vs. field study. The bibliography deals with problems of educational research and how to overcome those problems. One problem is the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Anthropology, Bibliographies, Educational Anthropology,...
This study addresses questions such as (1) the extent to which formal training determines occupational mobility, (2) evidence of racial differences in the returns to formal training in terms of occupational advancement, (3) importance of structural factors representing labor market segmentation in determining occupational mobility, (4) the impact of employer shifts on occupational advancement, (5) existence by race of differential returns to mobility between firms. Results indicate a strong...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Blacks, Career Change, Career Ladders, Census Figures, Economic...
This nine page pamphlet describes the development of such federal library legislation as the Library Services Act (1956), the Library Services and Construction Act (1964), the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, the Higher Education Act, and the Medical Library Assistance Act (1964). The effect of this legislation on new forms of intertype library cooperation such as regional library associations, interstate library networks, and area library councils is examined. The feasibility of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agency Cooperation, College Libraries, Federal Legislation, Interstate Programs,...
Based on data gatered from interviews, observations, and document reviews during a 3-year qualitative examination of curriculum change projects in 14 elementary, junior, and senior high schools, this paper argues that the spread of new classroom practices within a school beyond a core committee of planners is determined by the orgaanizational structure of the school's four types of subunits, which are defined by the nature of the linkages they exhibit: "the social club" (characterized...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Agents, Change Strategies, Curriculum Development, Educational Change,...
Nine recommendations of the Advisory Commission on Articulation Between Secondary Education and Ohio Colleges are presented. The major areas of concern are: a college preparatory curriculum; teacher preservice and inservice education; and communication within the educational community, as well as with students and their parents. Included with the recommendations are statements of existing problems concerning the curriculum, teachers, and communication, along with suggested implementation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Advising, Advisory Committees, Articulation (Education), College Bound...
A brief overview is presented of some successful minority teacher education recruitment programs. The sample of programs includes the following: secondary education programs targeting junior and senior high school students; teaching profession magnet programs; articulation programs between four- and two-year colleges for community college students; and nontraditional programs preparing professionals, retirees, and/or career changers to become teachers. Fifteen references on the topic are cited....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Articulation (Education), High School Students, High Schools, Higher Education,...
A study investigated high school social science teachers' opinions on including media studies in the curriculum. A 53-question survey instrument was constructed and sent to 302 southern California social science teachers, of whom 159 responded, for a return rate of about 53%. Results indicated that all of the teachers thought it was important to help students develop critical thinking skills. About 94% of the teachers said mass media studies should be included in high school social science...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Critical Thinking, Curriculum, Educational Research, High Schools, Mass Media, Mass...
This handbook contains specific suggestions and activities designed to assist small, rural school districts in identifying local resources for determining their readiness and capacity for curriculum renewal. State education agencies are becoming more active in curriculum issues, with new standards guiding local resources, practices, and learning outcomes. Much of the focus is moving from traditional process standards to the articulation of common curriculum goals, school performance reporting,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Board of Education Policy, Board of Education Role, Community Resources, Curriculum...
New roles and relationships are being proposed in the literature dealing with the restructuring of teacher education. The linkages called for among teacher education faculties, liberal arts faculties, and public school personnel will result in role definitions that are significantly different from those that currently exist. Role theory provides both a framework and a process for defining and analyzing roles and role expectations. Through analysis of expectations held for interacting roles,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Strategies, Conflict Resolution, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher...
A survey was mailed to the 185 U.S. Roman Catholic cathedrals to determine the nature and extent of cathedral music libraries. In addition to baseline demographic information, survey questions focused on the following topics: (1) music library staffing and management; (2) methods of cataloging and classification; (3) the use and creation of indexes and other finding aids to the collection; and (4) interest in information sharing and networking. Based on a 61 percent usable return rate, results...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Churches, Classification, Indexes, Information Needs, Library Catalogs, Library...
Children's intrinsic motivation for school work has been recognized as an important contributor and predictor of school achievement. It is characterized by enjoyment and valuing of learning for the inherent pleasure its accomplishment brings. Important features include curiosity, persistence, autonomy, a mastery orientation, and a preference for challenging tasks. Most intrinsic motivation research has focused on college students, adolescents, and children in middle childhood. This study...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Competence, Performance,...
This paper describes the development and operation of two professional development schools (PDS) by the School of Education at Baylor University. These schools were organized to develop and demonstrate: (1) high quality learning programs for diverse students; (2) practical, thought-provoking preparation for novice teachers; (3) new understandings and professional responsibilities for experienced educators; and (4) research projects that add to all educators' knowledge about how to make schools...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Elementary Schools, Higher Education,...
Designed to help community college leaders plan for the programs and services that will be needed to serve students in the future, this report describes findings and recommendations developed by nearly 600 California community college practitioners participating in seminars and forums sponsored by the Community College League of California's Commission on the Future. Findings related to likely future conditions and recommendations for responding to these conditions are presented for student...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Planning, Community Colleges, Diversity (Institutional), Educational Finance,...
Although student enrollments in cooperative education constitute only about 8 percent of all high school students, about half of all high schools provide such opportunities. In practically all co-op programs, the employer ensures supervision, on-the-job learning, and evaluations that will influence students' grades; coordinators have released time to visit job sites; and each student has a written plan. A 20 percent drop in enrollments has been noted from the late 1970s to the late 1980s....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperative Education, Cooperative Programs, Educational Cooperation, Educational...
A study investigated the educational levels of 196 inmates (85 percent male, most Caucasian, 5 ethnic groups represented) of the Cumberland County Jail (CCJ) in Portland, Maine, using a self-perception instrument and the results of the Tests of Applied Literacy Skills. Information was obtained regarding gender, age, recidivism, highest level of educational attainment, special education services received and perceived, and intent to pursue a General Educational Development (GED) diploma. In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Educational Attainment, Educational Needs,...
This report is based on the analysis of initial interviews with the staff of the Freshmen Learning Community Program (FLCP) staff. FLCP is a pilot program in engineering education that focuses on diversity and cultural change. Data includes structured open-ended interviews and observations of discussion sections and learning program meetings. Evaluation findings indicate that in 1995 FLCP was moderately successful for a small subset of students. The program appears to foster a sense of group...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Curriculum, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Strategies, Engineering...
This study addresses the question of whether university professors and experienced teachers can work collaboratively over time to improve teacher education and classroom practice in social studies and global education. Eight classroom teachers identify factors associated with an effective professional development school network and examine issues and concerns that may threaten its survival. Major factors include the diversity of teachers and schools, new roles and opportunities, problems with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College School Cooperation, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Development,...
This study investigated how preservice teacher education program experiences and student life experiences related to positive changes in teacher candidates' attitudes toward student diversity. Five preservice teachers at the University of Utah completed interviews during their final term in the program. Each 45-minute interview discussed candidates' views on teaching diverse learners both prior to and at the end of their professional education program, focusing on program and personal variables...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitude Change, Consciousness Raising, Cultural Awareness, Diversity (Student),...
This document provides an overview of the Workforce Investment Act, which provides the framework for a national work force preparation and employment system designed to meet simultaneously the needs of the nation's businesses and of job seekers wishing to further their careers. The document begins with a brief summary of the act's five titles, which do the following: authorize the new work force investment system; reauthorize adult education and literacy programs; make employment service/job...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accountability, Adult Education, Adult Programs, Advisory Committees, Comparative...
This Kids Count report details statewide trends in the well-being of Nevada's children. The statistical portrait is based on indicators of children's well-being in six areas: (1) early care and education; (2) health; (3) economic well-being; (4) education; (5) child safety; and (6) juvenile justice. The report begins with a listing of preventive factors, an overview of the report, Nevada demographic profile, Nevada child demographics, key facts about Nevada's children, the state as compared to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Birth Weight, Births to Single Women, Child Abuse, Child Health, Child...
This paper explores the schooling experiences of nine African American male inmates. The researcher conducted face-to-face interviews with inmates to obtain accounts of their schooling experiences, then grouped recurring topics into four themes. The themes included: their discomfort with being embarrassed or shamed in school; their feeling of being on the outside looking in; their need to feel cared about by teachers; and the fear they noticed others felt for them and that which they felt for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Students, Educational Environment, Males, Prisoners, Racial Bias, Secondary...
This report summarizes an analysis of the Illinois State Board of Education's (ISBE) Funding and Child Tracking System (FACTS) for students with emotional/behavioral disabilities (EBD) from 1989-1996. The data indicate: (1) the numbers of youth identified with EBD as a primary disability increased by 13 percent; (2) older children, male children, and African American children are more likely to be identified with EBD than any other disability; (3) the percentage increase of youth identified...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Age Differences, Behavior Disorders, Black Youth, Elementary Secondary Education,...
Staff members at the Iowa Department of Education are involved in a 3-year initiative (1998-2001) to strengthen school improvement efforts at the local school, district, and intermediate service agency levels. Papers presented at a symposium of the American Educational Research Association annual meeting describe the multiple purposes and design of this initiative and how it is being studied. This paper describes the four symposium papers: (1) "Rationale and Design for Every Child Reads: A...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Elementary...
This report contains early results of a study by the General Accounting Office (GAO) of the current status of distance education. Much of the data for the study comes from the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study, and education database covering more than 19 million postsecondary students. Findings show that overall, about 1.5 million of 19 million postsecondary students took at least 1 distance education course in the 1999-2000 school year. These 1.5 million students differ from other...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Distance Education, Higher Education, Internet, Online Courses,...
CASAS, in cooperation with the CASAS National Consortium Policy Council, conducted a study to provide guidance to program and instructional staff regarding student readiness to take the GED Tests. The study looked at the relationship of CASAS reading and math scores to official 2002 GED test results from five states--California, Hawaii, Iowa, Kansas, and Oregon. More than 6,700 individuals in the study took the appropriate CASAS test form within six months of taking the GED Tests. The study...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Test Results, Test Content, High School Equivalency Programs, Guidance, Scores,...
This working paper assesses the ease of immigrants' integration in OECD labour markets by estimating how an immigration background influences the probability of being active or employed and the expected hourly earnings, for given individual characteristics. Applying the same methodology to comparable data across twelve OECD countries, immigrants are shown to significantly lag behind natives in terms of employment and/or wages. The differences narrow as years since settlement elapse, especially...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Immigrants, Labor Market, Public Policy, Individual Characteristics, Foreign...
A STRUCTURED INTERVIEW WAS USED AS THE INSTRUMENT IN A STUDY OF THE SHASTA COLLEGE SERVICE AREA TO DETERMINE THE NEED FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF A FIRE SCIENCE EDUCATION PROGRAM. THE RESEARCHERS IDENTIFIED SEVEN TYPES OF NONADMINISTRATIVE JOBS FOR WHICH SUCH A PROGRAM WOULD BE HELPFUL, BOTH AS PREPARATION FOR ENTRY AND AS A PART OF AN INSERVICE TRAINING AND UPGRADING PROCESS. THE STUDY COMMITTEE CONCLUDED THAT (1) A FIRE SCIENCE EDUCATION PROGRAM SHOULD BE ADDED TO THE COLLEGE CURRICULUM, (2)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Fire Science Education, Occupational Surveys, Program Development, Two Year Colleges,...
Practicum experiences for the student teacher should be sequentially ordered, proceeding from the simple to the complex. Having identified the areas of instructional experience as (1) number of lessons taught per day, (2) number of pupils taught per lesson, (3) sequential context of the lesson taught, (4) cognitive level of the lesson taught, and (5) level of decision responsibility, it is possible to rate sequentially levels of experience in each area, e.g., 1.1 = less than one lesson per day,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Course Organization, Evaluation Criteria, Instruction, Models, Practicums, Sequential...
Educational environment in California has evolved from the one-room schoolhouse to the two-story center corridor building with self-contained classrooms, to the "finger-plan" arrangement and more recently to the large enclosed shell of flexible teaching space. Existing facilities must be remodeled to carry on the educational process for earthquake resistance, and for fallout protection. Residential areas, where schools are located, are deficient in shelters. Fallout protection can be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Civil Defense, Educational Environment, Educational Facilities, Educational...
Based on data obtained in earlier phases of a comprehensive planning study, this report presents--(1) the development of a space projection model responsive to unique institutional requirements, and (2) a forecast of the aggregate academic space needs of higher education in Indiana for a given future enrollment level. The scope of the study and a general outline of the projection model are presented, followed by detailed descriptions of the development of the model and space requirement factors...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Buildings, College Planning, Construction Needs, Facility Expansion, Facility...
This paper is concerned with the conceptual problems of developing an administrative planning system for local school districts. Specific planning procedures will be published later as part of a completed PPBS model. Definitions of certain concepts lead to a "Typology of Planning Behavior," which distinguishes three levels of planning and planning behavior: (1) system planning at the political or community level, which involves the community and the school district; (2) system...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Budgeting, Conceptual Schemes, Data Collection, Decision Making, Educational Needs,...
"A Preschool Training Program" is Volume 6 in a series of 7 guides prepared by the Southeastern Education Laboratory to assist rural school districts, especially in the Southern States, in writing acceptable Title III proposals under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The document presents a planning proposal which was funded, along with a case commentary evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of the illustrative proposal. The program described in the document seeks (1) to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Development, Curriculum Development, Educationally Disadvantaged,...
Ways and means of implementing flexible scheduling in language programs are discussed in this paper. Practical problems arising from related concepts of team teaching, large and small group instruction, independent study, and differentiated staffing are considered. A broad view of flexible scheduling as a phenomenon involving planning, staff flexibility, equipment and materials, inservice education, and administration and supervision is developed. (RL)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Course Organization, Differentiated Staffs, Flexible Schedules, Flexible Scheduling,...
To incorporate ideas from the sociology of science into the policy-making activities of the American Educational Research Association, a colloquium was held consisting of AERA planning committee members, executive officers, council members, and scholars from the sociology of science. This colloquium was specifically designed to help the planning committee members make recommendations to the council. Among the major ideas coming from these meetings were the following: Two resulted in favorable...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conferences, Decision Making, Educational Research, Evaluation, Organization,...
An experimental demonstration research project to provide food for families of migrant children attending a summer school program in Minnesota was based on the assumptions (1) that the migrant children in summer school would show greater achievement if the entire migrant family were assured food for 3 meals a day and (2) that the child who has special educational needs is influenced by sociological, psychological, health, welfare, housing, employment, and environmental factors. Eight families...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gains, Family Attitudes, Family Programs, Interviews, Lunch Programs,...
This document, part one of a two-part report, on the development of executive information systems was distributed to the California Educational Administrators participating in the "Executive Information Systems" Unit of Instruction as part of the instructional program of Operation PEP (Prepare Educational Planners). The framework described in this paper provides a comprehensive outline of the efforts involved in Management Information Systems' (MIS) evolutionary development. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Education, Information Science, Information Systems, Management...
All School Administrators and Nominees for administrative positions enrolled in an Administrative Staff Improvement Program at Green Bay, Wisconsin, completed a battery of psychological tests (Miller Analogies Test, Concept Mastery Test, and Strong Vocational Interest Blank). The enrollees scored above average on the MAT compared with graduate students in educational administration. The MAT scores were highly correlated with scores on the CMT suggesting that the latter may serve as a reasonable...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Characteristics, Administrator Evaluation, Females, Improvement...
This study on teacher attitudes and practices is a followup of 85 teachers who one year earlier had attended an institute on the disadvantaged. Two objectives of the questionnaire survey were: (1) to determine whether there was a difference between teachers' attitudes and their perception of their administrators' viewpoints and (2) to determine the extent to which teachers adopted a group of selected practices in a program for the disadvantaged. Included in the findings are: (1) There was a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitude Change, Behavior Change, Disadvantaged Youth, Followup Studies, Program...
Four observations about computers and education are offered. 1) By 1972, development of new computer systems had fallen off, and several systems developed in the mid-1960's had been terminated. The decline was particularly intense in computer-based vocational guidance systems and in computer-assisted instruction projects. The only area showing growth was computer-managed instruction. This decline is unfortunate, because computers will be essential to the education of the future. 2) A model of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Guidance, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Oriented Programs,...
This study attempted to investigate the organizational differences which develop between various divisions of a community college as a result of specialization. The Lawrence and Lorach concepts of differentiation and integration were utilized in the analysis. The results obtained supported the conclusion that considerable differences existed between the administrative services divisions and the student personnel and instructional divisions on measures of formality of structure, interpersonal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrators, College Administration, College Faculty, Community Colleges, Conflict...
Conflict is becoming an everyday, rather than an occasional, event in the life of a school district. Competing for a school district's public relations department time and resources are the public demands for accountability and curriculum revision and their obdurate stands against tax increases and desegregation. Under these conditions, it would seem proper for a school district to reevaluate its public relations program. This publication, intended primarily for educational administrators,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bibliographies, Communication (Thought Transfer), Community Support, Community...
This document is intended to serve as a guide for institutions in the development of data bases to support the implementation of planning and management systems. This publication serves to identify and describe those finance-related data elements: (1) required to support current National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS) products; (2) anticipated as being required for future NCHEMS products; and (3) commonly maintained by institutions for operational and reporting...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administration, Educational Finance, Educational Planning, Financial Needs, Higher...
Using the Serrano v. Priest case and federal revenue sharing as precedents, it is proposed that the federal government furnish (on a regionally adjusted per child rate) 50 percent of the needed school revenues directly to the state through an earmarked "special revenue sharing" package. This would be granted only if the states would raise and disburse the other 50 percent based on a per child rate. These amounts would be adjusted only for special educational needs on an "area...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Finance, Equal Education, Property Taxes, Revenue Sharing, School Taxes,...
The Veterans' Education and Employment Assistance Act of 1976 (Public Law 94-502) is described in this document. The act is structured to amend title 38, United States Code, to set a termination date for veterans' educational benefits, to increase vocational rehabilitation subsistence allowances, educational and training assistance allowances, and special allowances paid to eligible veterans; to extend the basic educational assistance eligibility for veterans and for certain dependents from 36...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrative Policy, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation, Educationally...
A longitudinal study of student flow and persistence at Santa Ana College (SAC) was planned to generate data on student description, student outcomes, attrition trends, and student attitudes and satisfaction with college services. A total of 629 students responded to an entering student questionnaire placed in registration packets or mailed directly to them. A comparison of the sample to all new and new transfer students and to all active students indicated that the sample was most like the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Aspiration, Cohort Analysis, Community Colleges, Demography, Females, Longitudinal...
This staff development module is part of one of three groups of career guidance modules developed, field-tested, and revised by a six-state consortium coordinated by the American Institutes for Research. This module is designed for guidance personnel who work in counseling and guidance with adults in community colleges, mental health settings, university counseling centers, or industrial settings. The goal of this module is to provide users with some knowledge of adult development and integrate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Counseling, Adult Development, Adult Education, Behavior Patterns,...
Findings of this staff report provide a picture of the conditions in which American children and families are living in the 1980s and offer a basis for projecting families' needs in the future. While the findings are not definitive, they reflect consistent themes which have emerged from both the personal testimony presented by parents and children in Select Committee hearings, and the evidence presented by prominent scholars and practitioners. Highlighted are trends in economic security,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Child Welfare, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Economic Factors, Elementary...
The nature of the loan default problem in New Jersey, the reduction of defaults in the New Jersey Guaranteed Student Loan Program, default prevention initiatives, and the recommendations of the Default Task Force are discussed. Findings include the following: (1) most defaulters are low-income students, and half were students in proprietary school vocational training programs, not in colleges; (2) college graduates rarely default on their loans; (3) the typical defaulter is a poor, poorly...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Federal Aid, Higher Education, Loan Repayment, Socioeconomic...
This presentation explores international trends and needed changes in the education of persons with severe intellectual disabilities. One goal is to have all children attend school, no matter how severe their disabilities. Though low percentages of disabled children from developing countries attend school, some positive trends are identified, such as implementing educational legislation and placing responsibility for the education of all disabled children with education ministries. As...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attendance, Developing Nations, Educational Change, Educational Objectives,...
Can the contemporary family's problems be solved in ways that seemed effective in the past? The extent to which the family has changed argues in the negative. The American family has been stripped of two of its traditional social functions: serving as a unit for economic production and as a school for the vocational training of children. The first function has been usurped by commercial firms, the second by the state. The family is no longer an interdependent economic unit to which all members...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Children, Day Care, Educational Quality, Family Income, Family Problems, Family...
The importance of using computers in a science education class is not limited to computer-assisted instruction (CAI). Computers may also be used as an educational strategy to improve overall learning and computer literacy in students. Research has shown an improvement in academic achievement in students using computers, as well as an increase in scientific reasoning skills and scientific knowledge. Many science teachers are currently using computers to produce tests and worksheets; record,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Computer Literacy, Computer Uses in Education, Databases,...
The value of foreign language education at the elementary school level for Australia is discussed from two perspectives: its contribution to tolerance of cultural diversity within Australian society and its contribution to Australia's role in the global society. Reference is made to a variety of studies and commission reports. First, the relationship between language and human rights in general is examined, including recent Australian legislative and organizational initiatives and the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Civics, Civil Liberties, Cultural Pluralism, Elementary Education, FLES, Foreign...
Using the same data, which could come from local databases or external sources, such as the Web, virtual museum designers can build different hyperspaces. It is possible that visitors would find some of them more useful than others. Virtual museums designers should be equipped with a tool by which various hyperspaces for virtual museums can be easily designed and examined. This paper views a virtual museum as a hypertext that consists of nodes and links and shows that a database publishing tool...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Authoring Aids (Programming), Data Analysis, Database Design, Design Preferences,...
This report presents first findings from the Base Year of the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002). ELS:2002 is the fourth major secondary school longitudinal study sponsored by NCES, closely reflecting the research purposes and designs of its three predecessor studies NLS-72, HS&B, and NELS:88. Beginning with a nationally representative sample of 10th-graders in 2002, ELS:2002 is designed to provide data about critical transitions experienced by students as they proceed through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Characteristics, Grade 10, Socioeconomic Influences, Cohort Analysis,...
This study furthers the discussion of teachers as public servants who are essential to the maintenance of the democratic state. The study demonstrates how teachers' actions on September 11, 2001 in New York City show the essential qualities of public service, including selflessness and placing the needs of others above their own needs. By focusing on the personal, emotional and professional responses of teachers to the attacks as compared to the same responses of individuals in the private...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Teachers, Public Service, Private Sector, Educational Change, Crisis...
This research project focuses on a program that combines the traditional classroom approach with the capabilities of distance learning. The August Spring Program at Kutztown University admits a population of remedial students for the spring semester only after they successfully complete an intensive one-week preparation course in the preceding summer. The students are required to take a two-part course: (1) an intensive one-week classroom-based course in the summer semester, (2) an interactive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Surveys, Distance Education, Transitional Programs, Summer Programs, College...
This article will primarily allow a definition of the strategic development of ICT in the Democratic Republic of Congo, to be put forward. For the most part it involves the precision of many types of measures and strategies (such as institutional, regulatory, infrastructural measures), human resources, the development of content and partnerships, all of which do not yet exist in the Democratic Republic of Congo. While encouraging an active and sincere partnership between public and private...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Information Technology, Strategic Planning, Change Strategies,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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Texas has made good progress in education since the school reform movement began in earnest 15 years ago. State test scores are up for all groups of students in all grades in all subjects. On the National Assessment of Educational Progress, Texas is close to the top in student performance in math, and has finally begun to make real progress in reading scores. Texans have come a long way in improving education in our state. Yet, Texas has a long way to go to get to excellence. Texas simply...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Restructuring, Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, National...
The NCATE Standards define dispositions (affect) as follows: "The values, commitments, and professional ethics that influence behaviors toward students, families, colleagues, and communities and affect student learning, motivation, and development as well as the educator's own professional growth." (p. 53, emphasis added), and even the Miriam-Webster On-line Dictionary helps us to see that dispositions are about tendencies to act rather than the skills themselves. Educators have often...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Affective Objectives, National Standards, Accreditation (Institutions), Teacher...
This study investigated the effects of cognitive readiness in a Navy simulated environment, the simulation being the Multi-Mission Team Trainer. The research question that drove this study was: will simulations increase cognitive readiness? One of the tasks of Navy sailors is to deal with unpredictable events. Unpredictability in the military is considered to be one of the major characteristics, especially in battle. These officers must be prepared to react to these complex and unpredictable...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Simulation, War, Military Training, Armed Forces, Readiness, Cognitive Ability,...
THESE PROCEEDINGS REFLECT THE UNIVERSITY'S GROWING CONCERN FOR THE TRANSFER STUDENT AND AN AWARENESS OF CERTAIN PROBLEMS THAT CAN BE COOPERATIVELY SOLVED. THE TRANSFER STUDENT'S STATUS WILL CONTINUE TO RISE AS STATE AND PROFESSIONAL GROUPS WORK TO INCREASE THE NUMBER AND QUALITY OF JUNIOR COLLEGES. WHILE EFFECTS OF CURRICULUM CHANGES ON THE PROSPECTIVE TRANSFER SHOULD BE MINIMIZED, ARTICULATION PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH SUCH CHANGES ARE COMPLEX, SINCE (1) STUDENTS COME FROM MANY KINDS OF...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Articulation (Education), Higher Education, Transfer Policy, Transfer Programs,...
The elementary guidance program aims at providing developmental, preventive, and remedial services, with the major emphasis on the developmental phase. The experiences in the pilot programs of elementary guidance in Louisiana have demonstrated that effective guidance services in the elementary school are contingent upon an understanding, willing, and ready staff. To bring about this readiness, an in-service training program has been found useful in determining what the elementary program is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Counselor Role, Elementary Education, Inservice Education, Pilot Projects, Program...
This study was designed to answer two questions: (1) Is the systematic desensitization of test anxiety effective with secondary school students?; (2) Is relaxation per se as useful a technique as systematic desensitization? High test anxious secondary-school students were assigned to one of two experimental conditions, desensitization or relaxation, and met for 20 minutes daily for a period of 6 weeks. Their results were compared to those of a no treatment control group. It appeared that the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anxiety, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, High School Students, Research...
This paper describes an educational program for 28 adolescent delinquents at a training school for boys. All of the students had histories of educational failure. Individualized programed instruction and a system of extrinsic learning reinforcements were the experimental basis of the program. Points, exchangeable for money, were given to the students as a reward for learning success. In an environment simulating the nonprison world, the students used the earned money to pay for their room,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Failure, Achievement Tests, Classroom Environment, Delinquency, Experimental...
The construction of a category-type observational instrument based on sets of similar behavioral components from mutually exclusive subsets of measurably stated objectives of a particular special education treatment program is described. Systematic Who-to-Whom Analysis Notation is an in-process instrument employed unobtrusively, utilizing a who-to-whom format and the three-second rule. The observational data are reported to teachers and supervisors in meaningful forms and are used to supplement...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Classroom Observation Techniques, Measurement Instruments,...
This paper lists objectives for the 39 courses that make up the competency-based elementary teacher education program of the University of Toledo. Courses are divided into three blocks. Block one deals with acquiring skills and includes courses such as "Performance Skills in Inquiry,""AV Equipment Operating,""Systems Design," and "School Observation." Block two deals with behavior and includes courses such as "Learning Theory and Motivation,"...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Competency Based Teacher Education, Education Courses, Elementary Education,...
This short, narrative pamphlet on the roles of engineers in environmental quality control accompanies the appropriate grade level curriculum guide. (BP)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Awareness, Engineers, Environment, Grade 7, Instructional Materials, Junior...
This paper describes a course in urban history offered at Delta College in Michigan. A variety of techniques are utilized in teaching the course--lecture is relied on to acquaint students with the historian's role in the study of urban history, a field trip to an inner city is planned, short field assignments are used to acquaint students with their urban surroundings, and individual or team projects, wherein the real success of the course lies, are utilized to offer opportunities for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Colleges, Course Descriptions, Field Experience Programs, History...
This summary on Servicemen's Opportunity College (SOC) reports on the progress of the following SOC tasks: recruitment of additional SOCs; exploring extension of SOC to technical and vocational programs; exploring extension of SOC to graduate programs; publishing and distributing SOC catalogs and other materials; encouraging better liaison among SOC and the programs of each service and between civilian institutions and the military services; providing assistance to the Defense Activity for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Programs, Community Colleges, External Degree Programs, Financial Support,...
These are the collected appendices to the evaluation reports on Title I non-public school programs conducted in New York in 1979-1980. Materials contained include: (1) teacher and program coordinator interview forms; (2) clinical and guidance survey; (3) classroom observation form; (4) supplements to the teacher questionnaire; (5) reading skills program documents; (6) English as a second language program documents; and (7) clinical and guidance program documents. (APM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Compensatory Education, English (Second Language), Evaluation Methods, Guidance...
A study analyzed the cohesive elements found within a text and the difficulty of their resolution within a particular text structure. The specific cohesive form used was pronominal reference. Each of forty-four students in grades ten through twelve was asked to read, sentence by sentence, a text which contained pronouns and pronoun referents. They were interrupted occasionally and asked to report the correct referent for a pronoun that had appeared in a sentence they had just completed reading....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Coherence, High Schools, Pronouns, Reading Processes, Reading...
Many state certification recommendations in reading education do not clearly define "certification." This produces a number of questions, among them the following: (1) Do reading teachers who are likely to teach reading at either the secondary or elementary level need a developmental course at both levels? (2) Should there be discrete courses in "diagnostic" and "instructional" techniques? (3) Are courses in gifted and talented education and in learning...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum, Elementary Secondary Education, Reading Consultants, Reading Teachers,...
Controversy and debate can be effectively employed as the central pre-writing activity in the composition classroom. The current model of prewriting in the composition classroom is the reflective model, which involves relatively private exploration of issues and ideas leading to paper topics. Although in the short run it is easier for both student and instructor to stress personal discovery through composition and to accentuate agreement and common ground between writer and reader, in the long...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Debate, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Higher Education,...
It is estimated that within the next 20 years, the majority of elementary, intermediate, and secondary school-age children in the United States will come from "minority" backgrounds. This increasing diversity will present school counselors with many new challenges. To assist counselors with these evolving demands, researchers designed a study to investigate the types of worries Hispanic youth experience during the intermediate and secondary school years. The study was conducted in two...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Anxiety, Ethnic Groups, Grade 7, Grade 9, Hispanic American Students,...
It is argued that in the culturally rich communities developing in the United States, educators can do much more to develop literacy programs that reflect real student needs, differences, and talents. Widespread dependency on pre-defined curricula and assessment is seen as perpetuating outdated classroom strategies and techniques that do not work. A new paradigm for multicultural literacy that acknowledges the role of language as a cognitive and affective factor in human development and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Techniques, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Strategies, Elementary...