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This study analyzes changes over time in long-lasting state performance funding systems for higher education. It addresses two research questions: First, in what ways have long-lasting systems changed over time in funding levels, indicators used to allocate funds, and measures used for those indicators? Second, what political actors, actions, and sociopolitical conditions explain those changes? The authors' analysis draws on two theoretical perspectives: policy implementation theory and program...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Finance, State Aid, Higher Education, Politics of Education, Performance,...
The "Census in Schools Educator Update" is sent to educators and educational organizations periodically to keep them informed about current and upcoming census data and to provide ideas about how to use data in the classroom. This issue of the "Census in Schools Educator Update" newsletter includes the following items: (1) Have You Seen the Census in Schools Lessons and Maps?; (2) 2010 Census Road Tour; (3) Census in Schools Week; and (4) Recent News from the Census Bureau.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Census Figures, Demography, Data Analysis, Planning, Population Trends,...
In a world on the move, the need for technology in any of its form is desired every minute of every day. For any type of technology to stay in vogue, real-time information is to be delivered to the applicants; otherwise, it is doomed to fall. The process of updating information and delivering it to the applicants needs education--with no doubt. But it seems that education is also employing technology to upgrade itself. Electronic learning, known as e-learning is becoming popular day in day out....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Learning, Educational Technology, Technology Integration, Instructional...
The nature of the American academic workforce has fundamentally shifted over the past several decades. Whereas full-time tenured and tenure-track faculty were once the norm, the professoriate is now comprised of mostly non-tenure-track faculty. In 1969, tenured and tenure-track positions made up approximately 78.3% of the faculty and non-tenure-track positions comprised about 21.7% (Schuster & Finkelstein, 2006). Forty years later, in 2009 these proportions had nearly flipped; tenured and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Tenure, Unions, Part Time Faculty, Public Colleges, Private Colleges, Proprietary...
This report, based on surveys completed by all 50 State Education Agencies (SEAs) and the District of Columbia (DC) and nationally representative samples of districts and schools during spring 2011 and 2012, examines implementation of the key education reform strategies promoted by the Recovery Act in 2011-12, the extent to which implementation reflected progress since Recovery Act funds were first distributed, and challenges with implementation. Findings showed variation in the prevalence and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Educational Change, Academic Standards, Student...
This contribution shows the conditions of a change of prospect in higher education which is based on institutional and policy positioning in favor of the implementation of the devices of Validation of Acquired Experience (VAE) which is used to deliver a whole or components of a qualification (certification) on the basis of the knowledge and skills of the applicant acquired through experience, and on the initiatives of the individuals in education and the formation throughout their life. These...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Program Implementation, Program Validation,...
This paper's aim is to analyze university students' opinions about Europe, Europeanship, and Europe Union nowadays when entering European Unions arguments are on. Data's are collected by "interview" method by senior class students in different parts of this qualitative research. In 2008-2009 academic years, 50 students' opinions on European Citizenship, European Union Accordance Process, nationality role and aptitudes about Union (like, dislike) from different students at Education,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Student Attitudes, Opinions, Foreign Countries, International...
The objective of this paper was to develop a four dimensions dynamic model for designing instructional activities appropriate to electronic and virtual learning environments. The suggested model is guided by learning principles of cognitivism, constructivism, and connectivism learning theories in order to help online learners to build and acquire meaningful knowledge and experiences. The proposed model consists of four dynamic dimensions: (1) Cognitive presence activities; (2) Psychological...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Benchmarking, Educational Quality, Virtual Classrooms, Models, Learning Activities,...
Online learning provides extensive opportunities for individuals with disabilities to enroll in degree and certificate programs. However, accessibility must be central to online course development since this can have a profound effect on student engagement, academic performance, and completion rates. This article provides a unique perspective on accessibility in online learning. One current online student and three alumni of online programs provide video self-introductions, an overview of their...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Success, Disabilities, Online Courses, Distance Education, Educational Technology,...
This article discusses the notion of action and personal agency. The author discusses his experiences constructing an arts installation that supported a grassroots effort to revitalize Hunts Point, a community in the South Bronx that is home to 11,000 families, eighteen waste transfer stations, 40% of New York City's sewage, all of the Bronx's waste, a sewage treatment plant, a sewage pelletizing plant, four electrical power plants, and several public schools. More than 60,000 heavy trucks...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Action, Individual Power, Community Action, Art, Pollution, Neighborhood...
Teaching Science can only be successful if we are able to answer the challenges of the 21st century. Teaching Physics, Chemistry and Biology with the traditional methods is unintelligible and considered unnecessary for most students. This situation needs to be changed. Students can only develop their abilities and skills to the full extent and can only deepen their knowledge when they are surrounded by an atmosphere which is motivating and encouraging for their personality. The establishment of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Instruction, Student Projects, Thermodynamics, Acoustics, Surveys, Scientific...
This work acquaints with the program Sam for interactive computer training of students on the theme "Mutual intersecting of pyramids and prisms in axonometry". The program containing three modules--teacher, student and autopilot--allows for briefest time to teach and study the whole variety of the tasks on this theme. A classification of the pierce points of the surrounding edges of the one polyhedron with the other one, based on the mutual position of their auxiliary planes, is made....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Technology, Computer Software, Courseware, Geometry, Computer Simulation,...
There are many possible sources that may influence teachers in the acquisition of professional knowledge and skills throughout their careers. The current study analyzes 26 interviews with Israeli female teachers who reported on exemplary teachers from their past who served as role models regarding class management. Contrary to our initial assumption, the respondents of this study could recall only one or two outstanding teachers, mostly from middle and high school, from among the many teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Interviews, Females, Women Faculty, Role Models, Classroom Techniques, Secondary...
At a time when business schools of second-tieruniversities face budget constraints, the MBA consulting program has become avehicle to build a school's reputation and to engage the business community inorder to raise financial resources. Business schools also face competition fromon-line programs, and consulting assignments help to define a school's competitive advantage. Finally, an increasing number of students with little or no prior business experience are seeking the "MBA edge" to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Business Administration Education, Masters Programs, Alignment (Education),...
The celebration of EUROCALL's twentieth anniversary provides a proper occasion to reflect on the future of language teaching and the role of CALL in these developments. In this paper we present the views of six authorities on language teaching and learning from different EU countries. All of them have a special interest in CALL and/or are CALL experts and well respected EUROCALL members, such as the late Graham Davies. We present a selection of their observations based on a summary of the Skype...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Second Language Instruction, Interviews, Secondary School...
Obesity is a growing health and socioeconomic issue in the United States. College students are an important part of the alarming statistics involving weight gain. This study investigated how nutrition behaviors and physical activity modified students' perceptions of body weight and nutrition knowledge. Furthermore, the study assessed gender and ethnicity as modifiers of nutrition behaviors, self-perception of body weight, and exercising habits among college students.
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Nutrition Instruction, Nutrition, Physical Activities, Obesity,...
Jane Roland Martin's later work, especially as represented in "The Schoolhome: Rethinking Schools for Changing Families," has been attacked as vague, essentialistic, and a formula for the (re)feminization of education. This paper does not attempt to defend Martin against these criticisms because such a defense seems impossible for reasons discussed. Rather, this essay's intent is to present an interpretation of Martin's early work, especially as represented in "Reclaiming a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Gender Bias, Gender Discrimination, Social Justice, Epistemology, Didacticism, Reader...
Marginalized groups present part of our reality which we would prefer to forget about. Yet, the humankind remains (un)aware of the simple fact that there is merely a very tiny red line between the central and marginalized parts: any of us can at one point in life simply, unwillingly and abruptly wake up on the other side of this line!!! Prospective English language teachers should receive a sound training in recognizing the marginalized groups in order to be able to assess their needs with the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Coping, Inclusion, Disadvantaged, Preservice Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education,...
The purpose of the research was to understand the latest job skill requirements for undergraduates from the real world as perceived by the students themselves and their career counselors at a university in South Florida. The study intended to provide relevant inputs to enhance the marketability of the undergraduate students by seamless transformation of students from "learning to earning" stage in life by using two interventions, de Bono's Six Thinking Skills and Covey's 7 Habits. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Job Skills, Labor Needs, Undergraduate Students, Thinking Skills, Employment...
In difficult budget times, especially at state colleges and universities, honors programs might seem too easy for budget-cutters to reduce, cut, or lose in the shuffle of administrative reorganization. Recent years have been financially perilous and hardly an easy time for honors programs or colleges to increase budgets. Using Western Carolina University (WCU) as a case study, this article offers essential strategies to help sustain, preserve, or even expand honors on campuses where tight...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Honors Curriculum, Budgeting, Change Strategies, Institutional Survival, Integrated...
This article explores the multiple educational uses of the question, "what do you mean by_____?" as an interlocutor's conversational gesture during classroom discussion, as a text-based prompt for both encoding/writing and decoding/reading, and as a rhetorical device for an effective oral presentation. Kaitlin Briggs explains that the question functions as a way to break down and analyze language, to unpack academic terminology across disciplines, and to enter more broadly an...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Honors Curriculum, Inquiry, Epistemology, Questioning Techniques, Humanities,...
The aim of the research was to determine the perceptions of preschool and primary school teachers about classroom management by means of metaphors. The sample which selected by the use of convenience sampling techniques was drawn from preschool and primary school undergraduate students who had taken the "Classroom Management" course in the 2012-2013 academic years. There has a total of 163 participants from two state universities in Turkey. The perceptions were obtained from the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Preschool Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Preservice...
The present study investigated foreign language anxiety among students of Lasbela University, Baluchistan, Pakistan. The study adopted the Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (Horwitz et al., 1986). The respondents were (N = 240) including 26 female and 214 male. The data was run through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to present descriptive statistics of the respondents. Furthermore, ANOVA test indicated that there was no significant difference in majoring and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language...
This paper is just a sample template for the prospective authors of IISTE. Over the decades, the concepts of holons and holonic systems have been adopted in many research fields, but they are scarcely attempted on labour planning. A literature gap exists, thus motivating the author to come up with a holonic model that uses exponential smoothing to forecast some quantitative variables in labour-intensive production. These varying parameters include the machine utilisation that reflects the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Internet, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Technology, Grade 8, Family Life...
The presence of urban Indian communities and American Indian tribal nations in and near metropolitan areas creates tremendous potential for expanding campus-community collaborations regarding teaching, research, and service. However, many challenges must be addressed, including acknowledging the colonial context of relations between indigenous and non-indigenous peoples in general as well as the specific role that education has played in the ongoing marginalization of American Indians. Rather...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Urban American Indians, Tribes, Urban Universities, School Community Relationship,...
Following her return to the classroom after a two-year administrative absence, Kathleen Thornton--the Director of Undergraduate English Advisement and a lecturer at the University of Albany, New York--was struck by the language her undergraduate students used to discuss the stories of authors such as Edgar Allan Poe or Nathaniel Hawthorne. While students were able to discuss literary theory, they did not have the vocabulary to discuss the beauty of the language and superb craftsmanship of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Rhetorical Theory, Educational Philosophy, Literary Styles, Literary Devices,...
Higher education continues to place an emphasis on service-learning, specifically within business and management sciences (Kenworthy-U'Ren & Peterson, 2005). A local academic business organization at a small institution chose to embark on a service-learning endeavor. The purpose of this study was for business majors, active in Phi Beta Lambda (PBL), and their advisors/professors to further investigate microlending and other business-related concepts through the use of service learning....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Service Learning, Business Administration Education, Case Studies, School Business...
The development and implementation of web 2.0 or social web are threatening the basis of the ways of mixing with other people. These changes are affecting everybody and, in particular, companies and institutions related to people's education, teaching and training for their inclusion in society and labour market. This article brings up some reflections in two ways: the first one deals with some reasons why education is also related to the concept of company and the second one deals with how...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Web 2.0 Technologies, Training, Business, Technology Uses in Education, Educational...
The purpose of the present study is to explore how parents are encouraging towards health care of their wards. A "Survey Method" was used in the present study. A standardized "Agarwal Parental Encouragement Scale (APES)" was used to collect information from the students. The sample consists of thousand and ninety five higher secondary students from Tirunelveli, Tuticorin and Kanyakumari districts. Percentage analysis and "t" test were used for data analysis....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Parents, Health Services, Secondary School Students, Student Surveys, Gender...
This study considers the importance of contextual effects on the quality of assessments on item bias and differential item functioning (DIF) in measurement. Often, in educational studies, students are clustered in teachers or schools, and the clusters could impact psychometric issues yet are largely ignored by traditional item analyses. A statistical model for incorporating these cluster effects will be presented. By considering DIF from this perspective, it is possible for DIF to be consistent...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Test Bias, Educational Assessment, Educational Quality, Context Effect, Item...
The aim of this presentation is to summarize the history of deaf education in Turkey. The problems that deaf students face in their educational life with special reference to higher education will be discussed. Properties of educational settings and university entrance requirements will be explained. Within this general concept, Anadolu University experience will be explained by giving two distinct but related provisions offered to deaf students in Turkey: Education and Research Centre for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Deafness, Foreign Countries, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education,...
The aim of this study is to find out the preferences of students at Balikesir University, Gonen Vocational School of Higher Education on computer using and whether there is a difference on the variables to set the preferences. According to the findings from questionnaires, the students at Gonen Vocational School of Higher Education use computers to access the Internet and to communicate with other people through the Internet. They do not prefer to use the computer for improving themselves on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preferences, Student Attitudes, Vocational Education, Postsecondary Education,...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using conceptual change texts accompanied with small group work on ninth grade students' learning of ecology. The developed texts were constructed to remediation of students' misconceptions with accommodated new ones about ecology. Conceptual change texts were implemented in an instructional technology enriched setting supported with demonstration tools and visual aids. Activities were conducted in small groups working with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Ecology, Science Instruction, Computer Assisted Instruction, Concept Formation, Group...
While education systems in Africa share common backgrounds historically (educationally, socially, politically, economically and culturally), they are deep variations in the approaches and contexts resulting in many questions than answers. The purpose of this study was to interrogate the current tertiary education curriculum, provide a rationale approach to curricula design that will produce international graduands, not local manpower. With the speedy at which all aspects of life are being...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, International Education, Foreign Countries, Employment...
This study explored the experiences of middle school students, particularly focusing on the academic achievement of economically disadvantaged students. For low SES middle school students, the known cumulative effects of poverty coupled with school transition and early adolescence development heighten the potential risks for school failure. By utilizing the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) 1998/99 longitudinal data, this study explored parent...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Students, Economically Disadvantaged, Predictor Variables, Parent...
This comparative study identified the differences between gifted children's offline and online peer feedback within a summer talented writer's workshop. Researchers analyzed ten students' writings for degrees of critical thinking evident in their feedback. Online feedback included students' writings in social writing sites Storybird.com and KidBlog. Offline feedback was submitted on a teacher designed rubric, and then incorporated into a revised manuscript using Microsoft Word. Critical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Critical Thinking, Gifted, Feedback (Response), Differences, Computer Mediated...
This study explored what faculty members are recommending to counselor education master's students regarding post-master's experience when considering doctoral studies and what the current faculty hiring preferences are in reference to the amount of post-master's experience needed. Advisors in counselor education master's programs encounter these questions, and the authors believe the findings are beneficial in helping provide answers. Findings indicate faculty members believe post-master's...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Doctoral Programs, Graduate Students, Academic Advising, Counselor Educators,...
According to the National Disabled People Data Base within Ministry of Family and Social Policies (Özveri), there are 1.559.222 disabled people in Turkey. If this rate would be linked to the families of the disabled people, the number of people who spend time with disabled individuals would increase to 10 million. This number corresponds to 12.5% of the country's population. This requires sensitiveness from each individual because everyone is either a disabled person, related to a disabled...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Action Research, Barriers, Educational Change, Adapted Physical Education, Focus...
Australia wide, universities are offering tertiary education to the broader socio-economic cohort; however, alongside this educational reform, there is a concern that students who have been away from the formal education context for many years may not cope with the rigors of university. Consequently, prior to and conditional to admission to undergraduate studies, many universities have placed a greater emphasis on pre-skilling such students through pre-university programs known interchangeably...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Transitional Programs, College Freshmen, Student Experience, Self...
The paper provides an insight into the results of a lesson designed and carried out at Riga Construction College in the study subject "Building Constructions". The aim of this study is to better understand the impact of learning environment reorganisation into juvenile groups while teaching technical study subjects. In particular, the research conducted at this vocational secondary school focused upon introducing a particular form of integrative collaboration amongst the learners....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Secondary Schools, Vocational Education, Learning Processes, Sustainable Development,...
How do architecture students experience the contradictions between the individual and the group at the Department of Architecture and Design of Aalborg University? The Problem-Based Learning model has been extensively applied to the department's degree programs in coherence with the Integrated Design Process, but is a group-based architecture and design education better than that which is individually based? How does PBL affect space, form, and creative processes? Hans Kiib, professor and one...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Architecture, Foreign Countries, Problem Based Learning, Design, Creativity, Teaching...
This study aimed to describe the writing activities that test takers engage in when responding to the writing tasks in the "TOEFL iBT"[superscript R] test and to examine the effects of task type and test-taker English language proficiency (ELP) and keyboarding skills on the frequency and distribution of these activities. Each of 22 test takers with different levels of ELP (low vs. high) and keyboarding skills (low vs. high) responded to 2 TOEFL iBT writing tasks (independent and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Second Language Learning, Language Tests, English (Second Language), Writing...
The present study focuses on nursery school head teacher leadership behaviour as it correlates to nursery school teacher's job satisfaction. Data were collected through a scale and returned by sample of two hundred and fifty nursery school teacher's in Akoko North, Ondo State, Nigeria.Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation and person. The results of the two research questions indicates that the head teacher exhibited a positive leadership behaviour such as kind fair, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Nursery Schools, Principals, Correlation, Job Satisfaction, Foreign Countries,...
Development of academic mobility of students from different countries requires evaluating the influence of their cultural traits on the behavior on the educational products market. The subject of present study is the development of methodic approach towards evaluating the cross-cultural traits influence on students' behavior on the higher education products market. Within the study we developed a model of culture, which reflects the list of cultural values and characteristics of material and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Mobility, Higher Education, Cultural Traits, Behavior Patterns, Models,...
The aim of this paper is to present "the three steps method" of the self-formation of collaborative groups in a problem-based learning environment. The self-formation of collaborative groups is based on sharing of accountability among students for solving instructional problems. The steps of the method are planning collaborative problem solving, self-evaluation of students, and building collaborative groups. The planning comprises determination of the nomenclature of higher order...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Problem Based Learning, Cooperative Learning, Thinking Skills, Problem Solving, Self...
This paper introduces an innovative course design incorporating both communities of practice and reflective practice as a learning strategy for part-time learners in higher education. The new design has been applied to teaching HR practitioners in a UK-based business school. Findings indicate that the suggested way of organizing teaching and learning for part-time professionals is very informative and facilitates a richer engagement with theory whilst addressing issues of practice.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communities of Practice, Part Time Students, Business Schools, Curriculum Design,...
This study is an Information and Computer Technology evaluation of the Blackboard Learning Management System into teaching and learning at an institution of higher education in South Africa. In view of the institution's objective of developing a context-driven, transformative, and innovative teaching and learning practices involving the integration of technology, the study sought to classify and evaluate the form and function of teaching and learning innovations on Blackboard. Using a case...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Information Technology, Transformative Learning, Educational Innovation, Integrated...
One of the challenges many learning scientists face is the laborious task of coding large amounts of video data and consistently identifying social actions, which is time consuming and difficult to accomplish in a systematic and consistent manner. It is easier to catalog observable behaviours (e.g., body motions or gaze) without explicitly attempting to identify their social relevance for the participants. We explore the potential for using a multimodal learning analytic approach to identify...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Behavior, Data Analysis, Models, Video Technology, Data Interpretation,...
A surge of interest in using First Language (L1) in English as Second/Foreign Language (L2/EFL) learning has recently been developed. Despite this upsurge, the concern about using L1 by teachers and students in L2/EFL classrooms is still important for researchers to consider in the field. The focus of this study is to investigate the amount and purposes of L1 use in EFL classrooms by teachers and students in two English language institutes in Iran. Responding to the research questions on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Language Usage, Language of...
Hybrid online instruction is a cross between traditional face-to-face classroom format and online-only instruction. The premise behind hybrid instruction is that it provides the benefits of personal interaction with the convenience and flexibility of online assignments and discussions. While there has been significant research on how students perceive this form of instruction, less exists on the impact of hybrid instruction on student achievement. The current data is varied, with a majority of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Literature Reviews, Blended Learning, Academic Achievement, Online Courses,...
Competences are intensively discussed in the context of cross-curricular themes, such as Sustainable Development and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), especially in light of the United Nations Decade for ESD (2004-2015). Recent literature on ESD lists a number of competences for ESD in various fields with the exception of teacher education. A competence model for ESD for educators was generated in the Austrian research project KOM-BiNE (Competences for ESD in Teacher Education) as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Sustainable Development, Teacher Education Programs, Teacher Competencies, Minimum...
The future role of teachers in Europe will contribute to raising the awareness of a new expectation of what it means to be a "European Teacher". If there is unity in diversity through national identities, the question remains: what makes a teacher "European"? Answering this unusual question, one encounters several aspects that have strong national traits of what it means to teach in a particular country (e.g. political culture), which still does not enable teachers to easily...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Teacher Competencies,...
The use of online learning is prevalent in higher education, in particular the use of Blackboard and other similar virtual learning environments (VLEs). Students' participation in online discussion forums is a common activity and the online threaded discussion tool provides opportunities for students to: (1) form collaborative groups for problem-based learning; (2) discuss learning experiences; (3) ponder over assessment issues; and (4) debate topics of interest. There is no shortage of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discussion Groups, Electronic Learning, Virtual Classrooms, Student Evaluation,...
This paper describes several innovations to an early field experience emerging from a community, school, and university partnership focused on a middle school serving diverse students from low-income neighborhoods. With the primary goal of utilizing teaching candidates to provide direct academic, social, and instructional support to the middle school students, university faculty and middle school educators worked in collaboration to simultaneously provide rich professional learning experiences...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Field Experience Programs, Partnerships in Education, College School Cooperation,...
Learning outcomes for introductory college-level science classes include content knowledge and a range of critical thinking and analysis skills. In this context, rich writing assignments that engage students in researching content, constructing arguments, and critiquing other students' work are highly desirable but unwieldy due to large enrollment. Calibrated Peer Review (CPR) is a web-based program that engages peers in writing and in reviewing each other's writing. The authors explored...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Writing Assignments, Undergraduate Students, Environmental Education, Web Based...
Most current idiom processing models acknowledge, after Gernsbacher and Robertson (1999) that deriving an idiomatic meaning entails suppression of contextually inappropriate, literal meanings of idiom constituent words. While embedding idioms in the rich disambiguating context can promote earlier suppression of incompatible literal meanings, idioms embedded in the neutral context, favoring neither their literal nor figurative reading, are likely to become disambiguated much later in the course...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Language Processing, Figurative Language, Polish, Native Language, English (Second...
The objective of this pilot study was to assess and describe changes in knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding influenza vaccination in an inner city setting using an interactive computer-based educational program. A convenience sample of ninety participants whose children were in the age group of 6 months to 5 years was enrolled in this study during October 2007-November 2007. A pre-post non-randomized study was conducted at a pediatric emergency department (ED) and a pediatric clinic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Pilot Projects, Immunization Programs, Urban Areas, Interactive Video, Computer...
Metaphors are pervasive and accessible thinking and learning machines that have the ability to disrupt and transform our patterns of thought. While much has been written about metaphor as a pedagogical tool, the potential learning opportunity that arises when students co-create metaphor within the classroom as a way to make sense and meaning of the curriculum and co-discover knowledge is not discussed. Through the example of six graduate students co-creating a metaphor of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Graduate Students, Figurative Language, Teaching Methods, Reflection, Academic...
Study aim: To compare two exercise training modes on the physical fitness of 10 year-old children. Material and methods: A sample of 60 schoolboys aged 10 years were randomly divided into 3 groups: Traditional (TG), trained according to the Brazilian national curricular parameters, Maturational (MG), in which the degree of difficulty of the activities was adjusted to the level of maturity of subjects, and Control group (CG). The Greulich-Pyle protocol was used to assess biological maturity. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Maturity (Individuals), Age Differences, Physical Fitness, Exercise, Children, Child...
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the attitudes of the students who participated in the application within the context of TIMSS 1999 and 2007 projects towards the "Maths course" and their opinions about "teaching activities in Maths course" had changed according to the mentioned years or not. The sample of TIMSS 1999 was comprised of 7834 students from the 8th grade and the sample of TIMSS 2007 was comprised of 4498 students from the 8th grade. The students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Opinions, Multiple Choice Tests, Cooperative Learning, Tests, Grade 8, Teaching...
If trust is born in strong relationships, then first encounters are critical. Parents of students with disabilities undergo a great deal of stress and come to educational professionals for help with vital specialized tasks, including assessment, placement, progress monitoring, and maintenance of their child's ongoing needs. Special education is a framework where the very foundation is built on adversarial relations--where parents hire attorneys and advocates to fight against districts....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Planning, Trust (Psychology), Parent Participation, Disabilities, Special...
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There's no need to be "Waiting for Superman." Heroes are everywhere in education. The efforts, dedication, and commitment of educators to create learning organizations that awaken the spirit of children in spite of their life circumstances and build capacity for those that have not had the benefit of privilege is worth telling. This article shares stories that are driven by pedagogy and powerful protocol with proven track records. The authors also define five basic capacity issues...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods, Educational Quality, Student Motivation, Educational...
Chen, Lakshminarayanan, and Santos (2006) claim to show in three choice experiments that monkeys react rationally to price and wealth shocks, but, when faced with gambles, display hallmark, human-like biases that include loss aversion. We present three experiments with monkeys and humans consistent with a reinterpretation of their data that attributes their results not to loss aversion, but to differences between choice alternatives in delay of reinforcement. (Contains 3 tables, 1 figure, and 1...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Animals, Animal Behavior, Behavioral Science Research, Experimental Psychology,...
Although health and other benefits of breastfeeding for mother and child have been repeatedly shown, there is still a large proportion of women who do not initiate or continue breastfeeding. The aim of the current study is to analyze the contribution of the presentation of advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding in developing an attitude towards breastfeeding among Dutch and Flemish women of reproductive age. In a functional measurement experiment factorial combinations of advantages and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Females, Adults, Infants, Nutrition, Attitudes, Decision Making, Multivariate...
The purpose of this study was to investigate student perceptions of co-teachers. Students with disabilities are more than twice as likely as their peers without disabilities to leave school early (Kortering & Braziel, 2002; Wilson & Michaels, 2006). Students in two inclusive classrooms in an urban middle school participated in interviews about their perceptions of being in a co-taught class. Data from the student interviews indicated that students were positive about having two adults...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Attitudes, Teacher Role, Team Teaching, Teacher Collaboration, Attitude...
The primary purpose of this study was to review counseling services for students who are gifted and talented at Jordanian inclusive schools in relation to theoretical counseling literature. The present study is considered a theoretical study. Gifted and talented students exhibit a wide range of characteristics, among of which are intellectual abilities and high achievement. The review indicated that counseling this group of students at Jordanian inclusive schools still faces a variety...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Talent, Gifted, Counselors, Counseling Services, Career Counseling, High Achievement,...
This is a report on the quality review of distance learning in a sample of five countries. The report was commissioned by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation's (CHEA's) International Commission in order to understand better the nature of existing regulatory arrangements in the context of growth in electronically supported learning and in the import and export of education world-wide. The data collected from readily available public sources were used to create country case studies for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Distance Education, Quality Control, Educational Quality, Foreign Countries,...
[Slides] presented at the College Board National Forum in Washington, D.C., October 2010. This presentation examines the implementation of Common Core Standards for English Language Arts in STEM classrooms and the implications for effective teaching of STEM subjects.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Role, Language Arts, STEM Education, Standards, Teaching Methods, Science...
(Purpose) This study assessed the integration of community services and research through the livelihood needs assessment of a countryside in the Philippines particularly Sitio Malanas, Lettac Sur, Santol, La Union as basis of the actions in addressing the needs. Specifically, the livelihood situation and needs were determined and proposed actions for the improvement of the livelihood situation of the community. (Methodology) Using the descriptive type of research 35 members of the community...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Services, Needs Assessment, Integrated Activities, Group Discussion,...
While the population of America's public schools is becoming more diverse, the percentage of minority teachers is steadily decreasing. While over 44% of all students in America are minority, only 12-14% of teachers are minorities and less than 2% are African American males. The challenge for colleges of education is to recruit more African American male teachers. Therefore, this study was undertaken to explore the concept of grit and its impact on African American males entering the teaching...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African American Teachers, Males, Preservice Teachers, African American Students,...
A small portion of Americans account for a disproportionate amount of the incidences of sexually transmitted infection observed over a short period of time. Studies with adults have begun to characterize this population, yet there is very little data on adolescent sexually transmitted infection repeaters (STIR). This study explores characteristics associated with STIR among 102 girls and 93 boys (aged 14-18) court-referred for residential treatment. Background characteristics, substance use...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Risk, Disease Incidence, Substance Abuse, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Adolescents,...
Taking a college entrance exam such as the ACT™ or SAT™ can be an important step in the college-going process. Although overall, 1 out of 10 students who register for the ACT on a national test date are absent on their registered test day, the absentee rate (at 21%) for students who registered with a fee waiver is substantially higher than the absentee rate (at 5%) for students who paid the registration fee. The current study examined whether a brief telephone reminder of the test date an...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Entrance Examinations, Attendance, College Bound Students, Randomized...
This five-year evaluation examined the effectiveness of a promising middle-school mathematics intervention funded through an Investing in Innovation (i3) development grant. Evaluation objectives were to: (1) study the impact of an intervention aimed at increasing the academic achievement of students in Algebra I--a gate-keeping course--as measured by student performance on an end-of-year state test in mathematics; and (2) better understand the relationship between intervention impact and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, STEM Education, Educational Opportunities, Middle School Students, Secondary School...
The purpose of this study was to identify problems and motivation sources and strategies of decision-making of the students' attending preschool education teacher department, was to determine the relationship between learning motivation and strategies of decision-making, academic achievement of students, was to determine whether strategies of decision-making and academic achievement of students predicts learning motivation. The study group was composed by 360 students attending in Faculty of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Learning Motivation, Incentives, Lifelong Learning, Vocational...
Research managers at science-intensive institutions appear as a continuously evolving group of professionals whose identity is somewhat fragmented, even to themselves. In Portugal, specialized research manager roles have rapidly emerged over the last years alongside the development of a small but consolidated scientific system. In order to get an inside view of the professional identity associated to research management in Portugal, the authors conducted a semi-structured discussion session...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Professional Identity, Research Administration, Semi Structured...
This exploratory study examines the use of the micro-blogging service "Twitter" in multiple sections of a pre-service teacher education program in a diverse, urban university. The use of Twitter aimed to encourage student-student and student-teacher interactions, thus enhancing social presence and diminishing the sense of isolation in online classes. Data were obtained by monitoring student Twitter and blog posts, as well as from a student survey where students indicated how they...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Education, Teacher Education Programs, Social Networks, Urban Universities,...
The study examined estimated effects of school mobility on students' academic and behaviouiral outcomes. Based on data for 2,560 public schools from the School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) 2007-2008, the findings indicate that high schools, urban schools, and schools serving a total student population of more than 50 percent minority students tend to have more school mobility than their counterparts. After controlling for safety initiatives, violence, and school background...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Minority Group Students, Administrator Attitudes, Principals, Educational Policy,...
In this article, I re-visit the gap between educational research and practice, by reviewing some initiatives that have been taken to bridge the gap. I argue that most of these initiatives do not pay due attention to local contexts of research use. They tend to focus more on the "management" of researchers' theoretical knowledge than on the "generation" of teachers' pedagogical knowledge. For the development of meaningful pedagogical knowledge, I recommend that teachers be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Researchers, Educational Researchers, Educational Research, Theory Practice...
Role ambiguity in professional school counseling is an ongoing concern despite recent advances with comprehensive school counseling models. The study outlined in this article examined role diffusion as a possible factor contributing to ongoing role ambiguity in school counseling. Participants included 109 graduate students enrolled in a CACREP-accredited counseling program at a large southwestern university. Findings suggest that providing direct counseling services is the most unique and least...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Counseling, School Counselors, Graduate Students, Counselor Training,...
Language proficiency is a crucial factor for immigrants to integrate successfully in the new society in all aspects of life, especially in the labor market. As a result, there is great importance in acquiring the new language as quickly and effectively as possible. Several factors affect second language acquisition, including motivation, age, cognitive abilities, and cultural differences. Thus, it is important that the curriculum for second language acquisition be adapted according to different...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Semitic Languages, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency,...
Because mobile technologies are overtaking personal computers as the primary tools of Internet access, and cloud-based resources are fundamentally transforming the world's knowledge, new forms of teaching and assessment are required to foster 21st century literacies, including those needed by K-12 teachers. A key feature of mobile technology applications is the integration of cloud-based resources on handheld devices supporting several computing and communication functions. Mobile technologies'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Technology, Telecommunications, Computer...
In the present article, we articulate three assumptions underlying theories proposing that restructuring processes play a key role in insightful problem solving: representational difficulty, representational change, and discontinuity in solution processes. We argue that these assumptions need empirical validation to justify the proposition of restructuring mechanisms that are unique from those involved in classic information-processing theories of problem solving. To this end, we review some...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Restructuring, Cognitive Processes, Intuition, Problem Solving, Knowledge...
Mobile devices have become ubiquitous, and their uses are various. In schools, many discussions about mobile devices are ongoing as more and more teachers are adopting the technology for use in their classrooms. Teachers' attitudes toward mobile learning takes an important role in initiating its usage in schools. This study aims to investigate the attitudes toward mobile learning among Korean teachers. The authors' primary focus lies on the teachers' attitudes toward mobile learning in view of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Telecommunications, Handheld Devices, Teacher Attitudes, Gender...
In a society increasingly mediated by technology, the medium has created unparalleled opportunities. As a result, it has refocused educators' attention on how technological literacy is both an essential learning outcome in all higher education programs, and the intermediary, the means to achieve the digital competences expected from employees. In the field of English for Specific Purposes, and at a time when technology is perceived to enable quick and effective access to a vast number of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English for Special Purposes, Computational Linguistics, Technological Literacy,...
Teachers play a key role in the social transformation agenda. This agentic position of the teacher implicates an agenda for sustainability programmes that position them for this complex responsibility. A qualitative case study research design was employed to obtain the perspectives of teachers on job dissatisfaction. The researchers followed a semi-structured interview approach to explore teachers' broader understanding on causes of job dissatisfaction among them. Data was interpreted through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes, Job Satisfaction, Sustainability, Well Being,...
Many undergraduate institutions are reforming their courses to increase student engagement. A critical challenge in these efforts is to engage the academic community beyond the instructors in the process of change. At our university, we embraced this challenge by creating a volunteer community of faculty, postdocs, graduate students, and undergraduates to design the discussion curricula for a new introductory biology sequence. We report on this process of curriculum development using a case...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Development, Undergraduate Study, Introductory Courses, Biology,...
The notion of school management through teams (team management), though not a new phenomenon in South Africa, was formalized after the advent of democracy in 1994 and the subsequent reorganization of the education system. The concept was subsequently fleshed out in official documentation where the composition and roles of school management teams (SMTs) were elaborated upon. The notion of team management is rooted in theories that stress participation, notably site-based (school-based)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Principals, Leadership Role, Administrator Attitudes, Qualitative Research, Foreign...
Financial analysts generally create static formulas for the computation of NPV. When they do so, however, it is not readily apparent how sensitive the value of NPV is to changes in multiple interdependent and interrelated variables. It is the aim of this paper to analyze this variability by employing a dynamic, visually graphic presentation using Excel. Our approach illustrates how these variables, when increased or decreased to reflect the potential range of values in a business case, change...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Predictor Variables, Visual Aids, Computer Graphics, Business Administration...
The relevance of the problem under study is conditioned by the socially important need of the contemporary university education to train highly qualified personnel in all directions of activity, to form and develop a professional person of a high intellectual, moral and spiritual culture. The objective of the paper consists in giving theoretical grounds for the significant aspects of pedagogical implementation of training technologies and methods that are associated with the humanitarian...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Epistemology, Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Training Methods, Curriculum...
STEM instruction often uses visual representations. To benefit from these, students need to understand how representations show domain-relevant concepts. Yet, this is difficult for students. Prior research shows that physical representations (objects that students manipulate by hand) and virtual representations (objects on a computer screen that students manipulate via mouse and keyboard) have complementary advantages for conceptual learning. However, physical and virtual representations are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High School Students, Charter Schools, STEM Education, Knowledge Representation,...
The Education Equality Initiative (EEI) has been established by the Department of Education and Science in an attempt to address educational disadvantage through the strategic allocation of funding to promote equality of access, treatment and outcomes within a lifelong learning framework for individuals and groups. The aim of this initiative is to develop and assist women's and men's education projects to address gaps in current provision for educationally disadvantaged adults by: (1)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Equal Education, Citizenship, Pilot Projects, Educationally Disadvantaged, Adult...
This article reviews the results of a survey of former students to determine the long-term significance of a community-based Spanish practicum that has been offered since 2000. The respondents affirm that, even nine years later, they still remember well the Mexican immigrant families that hosted them during the course. The students were able to develop a long-lasting appreciation for the power of second language and cultural learning through a combination of meaningful communication, strong...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Service Learning, Second Language Learning, Spanish, Practicums, School Community...
The ways our children are using Internet have changed significantly within the last five years: the Web experience is more personalised, social, open, self-regulated and oriented towards ripping, remixing, sharing, following, reflecting. As a result, also e-learning has recently become more social and open, involving the use of personal learning environments or social networks. We believe that the schools are not ready for this yet, as strategies and regulations supporting open learning are not...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Uses in Education, Safety, Foreign Countries, Electronic Learning, Internet,...
In 2007, a group of mathematics educators and researchers met to examine rational numbers and why children have such an issue with them. An extensive review of the literature on fractional understanding was conducted. The ideas in that literature were then consolidated into a theoretical framework for examining fractions. Once that theoretical framework was in place, it was decided that we would utilize this framework to develop an assessment of student understanding of fractions and to create...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics, Numbers, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Models, Primary...
This study investigated the effect of blended learning on novices' understandings of the introductory programming. A quasi-experimental design with participants of preservice computer and instructional technologies teachers, one control group (CG, N =64) and one experimental group (EG, N=61) who received the course 11 weeks. While face-to-face courses were taught face-to-face in classroom and in lab, blended courses were conducted in synchronous and asynchronous settings and also in lab...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Novices, Retention (Psychology), Preservice Teacher Education,...
The voluminous literature on teacher professional development presents varied components of what constitutes meaningful professional development experiences for elementary teachers. The research reported here first identifies these components through an analysis of the literature, and then describes a research project in which those components were actualized to support elementary teachers who explored their literacy teaching in their school and classrooms. The elements of the professional...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Professional Development, Models, Learning Experience, Elementary School Teachers,...
The Department of Communication Studies at the University of Northern Iowa has made a commitment to establish and maintain partnerships with its Iowa Communications Network (ICN) based learning communities and with the institutions of higher education throughout the state that facilitate the delivery of experiential learning to students. In January 1997, graduate student enrollment doubled when the department began offering programs in Communication Education and Public Relations over the ICN....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Distance Education, Experiential Learning, Higher Education, Intercollegiate...
The American Federation of Teachers believes that the best way to bring an adequate supply of well-trained teachers into the classroom is not by avoiding collegiate teacher education but rather by strengthening it (by bringing higher quality, greater resources, and more coherence to how teacher education screens and prepares teacher candidates). In 1998, the AFT created a task force of K-12 and higher education leaders to examine issues related to improving teacher education. It found that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, Alternative Teacher Certification, Beginning Teacher Induction,...
This document consists of a collection of fact sheets about the use of pesticides in schools and how to reduce it. The sheets are: (1) "Alternatives to Using Pesticides in Schools: What Is Integrated Pest Management?"; (2) "Health Effects of 48 Commonly Used Pesticides in Schools"; (3) "The Schooling of State Pesticide Laws--2002 Update: A Review of State Pesticide Laws Regarding Schools" (Kagan Owens and Jay Feldman); (4) "Ten Myths behind Pesticide-Dependent...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Facilities Improvement, Environmental Standards, Pesticides, Physical...
Notwithstanding broad utility of COPs (classroom observation protocols), there has been limited documentation of the psychometric properties of even the most popular COPs. This study attempted to fill this void by closely examining the item and domain-level IRR (inter-rater reliability) of a COP that was used in a federally funded striving readers program. A combination of reliability measures (e.g., joint-probability of agreement, Cohen's kappa, polychoric correlation and intra-class...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Observation Techniques, Interrater Reliability, Correlation, Psychometrics,...