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Emerging from the contested site of a new university campus, this article reflects on the transformative process of reconceptualizing and rebuilding a professional and an academic stream in a 21st-century Faculty of Education. In order to maximize her own capital, an assistant professor sought tenure in an innovative new stream introduced to her campus, professor of teaching. The novel rank reflected the commitment of the university to provide educational leadership, outstanding teaching, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Educators, Faculty Promotion, Tenure, Personal Narratives, Communities of...
Despite recognising the importance of educators in meeting the needs of gifted and talented students, research indicates that teachers often lack the essential knowledge, skills and confidence to identify and meet the needs of gifted and talented students. Evidence suggests this lack of preparation may be related to teachers' professional development. This quantitative study of 96 primary school teachers aimed to provide an initial insight into the knowledge and uptake of the 2005 DEST/GERRIC...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Faculty Development, Academically Gifted, Statistical Analysis,...
Maine replaced its existing high school statewide assessment with the SAT® and administered the exam to almost all public high school juniors. A primary goal of this policy change was to increase 4-year college enrollment by public school students in Maine. This brief report provides an overview of the data, research methodology employed, as well as the results and benefits of this change. [This report was adapted from: Michael Hurwitz, Jonathan Smith, Sunny Nin, and Jessica Howell, "The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Enrollment Rate, Enrollment Management, High School Seniors, Educational Change,...
Listening to young children's voices is an issue with increasing relevance for many researchers in the field of early childhood research. At the same time, teachers and researchers are faced with challenges to provide children with possibilities to express their notions, and to find ways of comprehending children's voices. In our research we aim to provide a method for listening to, and analyzing young children's voices on educational issues. In this article we describe a new step in our...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Program Evaluation, Coding, Educational Research, Early Childhood...
This article considers the function and value of the university through the close reading of Tom Wolfe's 2004 novel "I am Charlotte Simmons". Comparing the neoliberal university with an idealized university committed to intellectual inquiry, the article argues for a consideration of the academic values lost in the contemporary university, specifically the values of an intellectual meritocracy, academic identity and academic integrity. The article calls for a sustained and sincere...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Novels, Universities, Neoliberalism, Values, College Role, United States Literature,...
This paper explores EFL learners' beliefs about English pronunciation teaching and aims to provide insights into current teaching practices of English pronunciation at both college and university levels. To this end, the study sought to elicit the beliefs of a group of 71 third- and fourth-year EFL learners majoring in English at a university college in Saudi Arabia about crucial aspects of pronunciation teaching. The study utilized a survey containing five-point Likert scale items as well as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), College Students, Student Attitudes,...
In this article, the authors address what is called the "summer melt," where academically-accomplished, college-intending high school graduates fail to enroll anywhere in the year following high school, or do not attend the quality of institution (measured, for instance, by graduation rates) at which they have the academic credentials to be admitted. The authors' research focused on investigating whether college-ready, college-intending recent high school graduates benefit when high...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Readiness, High Schools, College School Cooperation, High School Graduates,...
It is a commonly held belief that today's "Read/Write Web" has given voice to previously unheard minorities, and that it has enabled all people with an Internet connection to participate in a new "community-driven, participatory space" (Richardson, 2010). Language teachers, no less than others, are also encouraged to believe that the prevalence of networking on the Internet is increasing the multiculturalism of learning and is breaking down cultural barriers. Such a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Technology, Second...
Teachers' critical thinking skills are essential for fostering the development of the same skills in their students. To demonstrate how teachers' ability to examine solutions critically can be developed and supported, we analyse a classroom activity performed by a group of pre-service secondary school mathematics teachers (N = 37) who were asked: (1) to solve a geometrical problem; and (2) to reflect upon different strategies that lead to contradictory solutions. The data demonstrate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teachers, Critical Thinking, Mathematics Skills, Pedagogical Content...
We can consider two basic views, when using mathematical software in the teaching of mathematical subjects. First: How to learn to use specific software for the specific tasks, e. g., software Statistica for the subjects of Applied statistics, probability and mathematical statistics, or financial mathematics. Second: How to learn to use the software that is available to us to solve specific mathematical problems from different areas of mathematics and applied mathematics. My article describes...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Computer Software, Teaching Methods, College Mathematics,...
The present study examines the professional development problems of a high school teacher. A high school teacher is both a scientist and a teacher. Teaching and research activities are integrated by using methodical activity. Methodical competency of a teacher is defined as a basis in the context of Competence-based Education. The methodical competency building model is founded upon recursion. Recursion, a technique based on consistent reduction of a complex problem used to solve a set of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Secondary School Teachers, High Schools, Competency Based Education, Problem Solving,...
University-school collaboration can extend past the notion of simple shared resources in order to connect ideas, share talents, and solve problems mutually. It also provides fertile ground for counseling researchers to obtain, analyze and disseminate data. University-school collaborations signify a connective relationship between two vital and influential institutions, and yet they also represent a plethora of arduous and intricate tasks and responsibilities in order to provide a successful...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College School Cooperation, Elementary Schools, Check Lists, At Risk Students, Play...
The "State of Higher Education in California" is a series of reports that provide comprehensive data on the current state of college access and completion for the state and what it means for the economy. This report on Blacks is the second in the 2015 State of Higher Education in California series. The report provides information on demographics, levels of educational attainment, and rates of college readiness, enrollment, and graduation for Blacks in California. These in-depth...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational Attainment, Enrollment, College Freshmen, College...
In the fall of 2014, students took the Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT) to help determine their level of readiness for college. The PSAT/NMSQT 2014 State Summary Reports summarize the characteristics, scores and educational plans of the Class of 2016 and Class of 2017.
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Entrance Examinations, High School Students, Critical Reading, Reading...
This study assessed students teachers' attitude towards teaching practice exercise in the faculty of Education, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom of Nigeria. The study was guided by three research questions and two hypotheses. The survey design was adopted for the study. A sample of 163 student teachers constituted the study. A questionnaire tagged Student Teachers Attitude Questionnaire (STAQ) was used to collect data on the attitude of student teachers while performance of student teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Student Teaching, Experiential Learning, Case Studies, Student...
The study assessed the relative effectiveness of understanding the problem statement on students' mathematical behaviours in Borno State Secondary Schools. The study was guided by an objective: to determine the Understanding the problem statement on student's performance in senior secondary school and a null hypothesis: there was no effect of understanding of mathematical problem statement on students' performance in Borno State senior secondary school. Quasi-experimental design was used for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Quasiexperimental Design, Mathematics...
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In this article, Angela Hurley ponders a question centered on how well P-12 schooling experiences and the current accompanying education discourse on the importance of attending college actually match with traditional notions of the purposes of academic life held by college faculty. Does the current, performance data-driven system of P-12 schooling that purports to prepare a standardized product for the economic good of the nation match at all with college mission statements that describe a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Practices,...
Content and language integrated learning (CLIL) has emerged in European education as an effective method to enhance and reinforce students' competence in English and skills while covering traditional content areas. This paper presents a research study into CLIL in secondary education in the area of Castellón in the Valencian Community, Spain. Our first objective of this work involves defining whether some content subjects in some secondary schools of the area are being delivered using English...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teaching Methods, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Course...
This study aims to evaluate the practice of academic quality assurance in design model based on seven aspects of quality are: curriculum design, teaching and learning, student assessment, student selection, support services, learning resources, and continuous improvement. The design study was conducted in two stages. The first stage is to obtain valid and reliable instrument. The second stage is the actual study of design development and design guarantee academic quality and student...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Quality, Quality Assurance, Models, Questionnaires, Student Attitudes,...
Across the globe, students with disabilities have been increasing in prevalence in higher education settings. In the twenty-first century the struggle to include individuals with disabilities into nursing schools and workplaces continues in different parts of the world. Historically, entry criteria in nursing schools have been based on essential functions, which were primarily designed to be used in the workforce, rather than technical standards for education. In other health professions, such...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Nursing, Nursing Education, Nursing Students, Disabilities, Higher Education,...
This study focuses on pre-service science teachers' interpretations of graphs. First, the paper presents data about the freshman and senior pre-service teachers' interpretations of graphs. Then it discusses the effects of pre-service science teacher training program on student teachers' interpretations of graphs. The participants in the study were 117 preservice science teachers. Fifty-six of the participants were freshman. The data of the study were gathered with a questionnaire adapted from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Graphs, Science Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Science Instruction, College Freshmen,...
This study examines Kentucky high school students' participation and pass rates in college preparatory transition courses, voluntary remedial courses in math and reading offered to grade 12 students. These courses are targeted to students scoring just below the state's college readiness benchmarks on the ACT in grade 11. The study found that: participation was nearly four times higher in math transition courses than in reading transition courses; more than half of students who participated in a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Preparation, College Entrance Examinations, High School Students, Remedial...
This article explores the experiences of two professors as they teach about White privilege in predominately White institutions of higher education. The authors discuss how racial potentiality shapes the classroom climates of each of the professors and then present strategies that utilize safe spaces to navigate students away from the resistance they feel for this topic. The two professors discuss examples that demonstrate how White privilege creates resistance in the courses they teach when...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Faculty, Whites, Racial Composition, Racial Bias, Social Attitudes, Student...
This paper was presented at the Australian Federation of Travel Agents Industry Leaders & Educators Engagement Symposium held in Sydney on February 12, 2015. With industry sustainability becoming a strong concern, even within growth sectors, this paper identifies issues to be considered in ensuring that the education and training system can respond to emerging skills demand in the travel, tourism and hospitality industry. There are a number of means by which this can be achieved, the most...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Travel, Tourism, Hospitality Occupations, Labor Force Development,...
In the fall of 2014, students took the Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT) to help determine their level of readiness for college. The PSAT/NMSQT 2014 State Summary Reports summarize the characteristics, scores and educational plans of the Class of 2016 and Class of 2017.
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Entrance Examinations, High School Students, Critical Reading, Reading...
In the fall of 2014, students took the Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT) to help determine their level of readiness for college. The PSAT/NMSQT 2014 State Summary Reports summarize the characteristics, scores and educational plans of the Class of 2016 and Class of 2017.
Topics: ERIC Archive, High School Students, College Entrance Examinations, Critical Reading, Reading...
Much has been gained over the years in various educational fields that have taken advantage of CALL. In many cases, CALL has facilitated learning and provided teachers and students access to materials and tools that would have remained out of reach were it not for technology. Nonetheless, there are still cases where a lack of funding or access to CALL tools prevents teachers and students from reaping the benefits of CALL. Furthermore, in countries inundated by technology, opportunities for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Creativity, Computer Assisted Instruction, Simulation, Journalism, Foreign Countries,...
Case study instruction is characterized by centering instruction around the use of hypothetical classroom dilemmas. It uses descriptive stories and invites students to discuss application of course material as they engage in hypothetical classroom problem-solving and teacher decision-making. Teaching is a complex profession that requires high levels of multitasking in order to successfully instruct students and handle classroom disruptions. Because most pre-service teachers do not possess...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Technology, Technology Integration,...
In Taiwan, the Technology Education for 1-12 graders is comprised of two courses--Living Technology (LT) and Information Technology (IT). With its ever-changing feature, Technology Education needs on-going research to support its decisions and actions. The education-related academic programs in universities regularly concern about the development of primary and secondary education. To identify the evolution directions and knowledge orientation of the research topics of theses and dissertations,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Technology Education, Information Technology, Bibliometrics,...
Data on second majors were added to the degree completions component of the United States Department of Education's Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) in 2001 and were made available on the National Science Foundation's "WebCASPAR" Web site (https://webcaspar.nsf.gov/) in 2010. The Modern Language Association's first report on these data appeared in October 2010, and following are selected findings updated through 2013 on second majors in language and literature,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Majors (Students), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Educational...
Previous research has established that attracting and retaining members is a significant challenge associated with the formation and maintenance of interest groups. Research has also established that interest groups play a significant role in the formation of educational policy. This study will attempt to provide insight as to those factors that influenced members to join one such association--the Illinois Principals Association (IPA). The IPA offers potential members a range of incentives to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Professional Associations, Principals, Group Membership, Incentives, Decision Making,...
In order to explore students' interest towards S&T, we developed and validated a questionnaire that simultaneously takes into account 18 components (general interest in school-S&T, utility of school-S&T, teaching methods preferences, perceived importance and preference for school-S&T with respect to other school subjects, etc.). The questionnaire was administered to 1,882 students from grades 5 through 11 (seven grade levels). Findings indicate that: a) students show a high...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Interests, Science Interests, Technology, Questionnaires, Elementary...
This study explored Ghanaian primary school teachers' values and challenges of integrating cultural games in teaching mathematics. Using an In-depth conversational interview, ten (10) certificated teachers' voices on the values and challenges of integrating games were examined. Thematic data analysis was applied to the qualitative data from the interviews. Results indicated that although cultural games count as instructional tools in four knowledge domains, actualizing their value in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, African Culture, Games, Mathematics Instruction, Primary...
Summer research experiences are an increasingly popular means of increasing awareness of, and developing interest in, the geosciences and other science, technology, engineering, and math programs. We describe and report the preliminary results of a 1-wk Geosciences Exploration Summer Program in the College of Geosciences at Texas A&M University to introduce high-school students to opportunities and careers in the geosciences. Short-term indicators in the form of preprogram and postprogram...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Program Effectiveness, Earth Science, Summer Science Programs, Science Education,...
For decades, universities have been accommodating physically disabled students who require guide dogs and other types of service animals. Within the past several years, however, mentally disabled students have increasingly petitioned colleges with no-pet policies to permit them to bring their animals on campus because they need a companion or emotional support animal to make college life easier and to reduce their stress, loneliness, depression, and/or anxiety. Institutions that unlawfully...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Animals, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Stress Variables, Disabilities, College...
Staff provides this baseline report as a summary of its preliminary considerations and initial research in fulfillment of the requirements of HB2320 from the 2015 session of the General Assembly. Codified as § 23-7.4:7, this legislation compels the Education Secretary and the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV) Director, in consultation with the public and private two- and four-year institutions, to: "develop a plan to establish and advertise a cooperative degree...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Legislation, State Legislation, Academic Degrees, Undergraduate Study,...
Europe's Bologna Process has been identified as a pioneering approach in regional cooperation with respect to the area of higher education. To address the challenges of African higher education, policymakers are recommending regional cooperation that uses the Bologna Process as a model. Based on these recommendations, the African Union Commission (AUC) in 2007 developed a strategic document on higher education harmonization. As higher education reforms are context-specific, the question arises...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, International Cooperation, Educational Policy, Student Mobility,...
This study was aimed at investigating strategies for effective management of higher education for building a culture of peace in Nigeria. Four research questions and four hypotheses guided the investigation. The study is a survey research which adopted the ex-post-facto design. The respondents comprised of one thousand four hundred and eighty (1480) made up of academic staff, senior staff and students. The sample was selected using simple random sampling technique form twelve public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Faculty, College Students, Influences,...
The aim of this study is to compare effectiveness and efficiency of least-to-most prompting and video modeling for teaching pretend play skills to children with autism spectrum disorder. The adapted alternating treatment model, a single-subject design, was used in the study. Three students, one girl and two boys, between the ages of 5-6 participated in the study. The effectiveness results of the study showed that there is no marked difference between least-to-most prompting and video modeling...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Prompting, Video Technology, Modeling (Psychology), Play, Skill Development,...
Children can sometimes appear to understand a concept such as place value without really having a deep understanding. Judy Bailey stresses the importance of listening carefully to children to identify their current understandings and then building on them systematically, using a range of materials, to promote a deep conceptual understanding. This article reports on the collaboration of the author (a university mathematics educator) and a relatively new classroom teacher. The teacher sought to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Young Children, Primary Education, Elementary School Students, Elementary School...
The main problem of the educational evaluation validity is that it just copies the conceptual framework system of validity from educational measurement to its own conceptual system. The validity conceptual system that fits the need of theory and practice of educational evaluation has not been established yet. According to the inherent attributive character of educational evaluation, this paper constructs eight concepts of validity in educational evaluation: objective validity, construct...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Test Validity, Educational Assessment, Evaluation Problems, Theory Practice...
Burnout is increasingly recognized as a problem in the workplace--30% to 50% of physicians experience burnout, but no assessment of burnout has been done among healthcare research faculty. A cross-sectional survey of burnout, quality of life, and related factors was sent to all doctoral-level faculty in a large department of healthcare research. Of 54 respondents, 40% were categorized as burned-out using standard measurement. No differences in reported burnout were observed across genders, age,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Faculty, Researchers, Burnout, Quality of Life, Surveys, Job Satisfaction,...
The article focuses on practical experiment on perception of argumentative nature of court opinions by non-native speakers. Several argumentative frames most frequently used in the texts of court opinions are identified and described in the article. The article also aims at analyzing the distribution characteristics of the identified frames. Text of court opinion not only performs informative and performative functions, but also reflects the socio-pragmatic setup of the author. A definite set...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Persuasive Discourse, Court Litigation, Discourse Analysis, Judges, Student Surveys,...
Though universities are eager to leverage the potential of mobile learning to provide learning flexibly, most balk at the cost of providing students with mobile hardware. The practice of "bring your own device" (BYOD) is often mooted as a cost-effective alternative. This paper provides a snapshot of student ownership of mobile devices at a regional Australian university. Our research shows that students do have access to and use a wide range of devices. However, the delivery of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Electronic Learning, Handheld Devices, Educational Technology,...
In this review, Mary Vorsino writes that she is interested in keeping the potential influences of women pragmatists of Dewey's day in mind while presenting modern feminist re readings of Dewey. She wishes to construct a narrowly-focused and succinct literature review of thinkers who have donned a feminist lens to analyze Dewey's approaches to education, learning, and democracy and to employ Dewey's works in theorizing on gender and education and on gender in society. This article first explores...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Feminism, Literature Reviews, Educational Practices, Change Agents, Womens Education,...
21st century has seen new technology and multimedia made available for integration in K-12 classrooms. This exploratory study examines K-12 teachers' use of technology and multimedia in the classroom in two southern counties in the Southeastern United States. The purpose of the study was to answer the following five research questions: 1) What technology do teachers use in the classroom; 2) How often do teachers use technology/multimedia in the classroom; 3) How do teachers integrate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Multimedia Instruction, Multimedia Materials, Technology Uses in Education,...
This article provides an overview of the historical context in which video description services have evolved in the United States, a summary of research demonstrating benefits to people with vision loss, an overview of current video description guidelines, and information about current software programs that are available to produce video description.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Guidelines, Educational History, Blindness, Assistive Technology, Computer Software,...
Despite concerns over the commodification of higher education in North America, Great Britain, and Oceania (Shumar, 1997; Sappey, 2005; Kaye, Bickel & Birtwistle, 2006; Lewis, 2010) the evidence does not justify such fears. Drawing on price elasticity of demand data and enrollment patterns for public, elite private (Ivy League) and Council for Christian Colleges and University member schools, it is clear that the market for higher education is anything but commodified. That is, the very low...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Commercialization, Role of Education, Higher Education, Misconceptions, Tuition,...
This article examines teachers' subject expertise in a context where geography could be considered a neglected school subject. Using an empirical approach to the problem, the article aims to provide a view on the dynamics of teaching primary geography in Chile, through considering teachers' narratives on curriculum making and their associated conceptualisations of the discipline. 21 rural educators were interviewed about geography education to gain a general view of primary geography in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Geography, Geography Instruction, Elementary School Teachers, Expertise, Foreign...
There has been an increasing attention given to the role of social networking in educational settings. Teacher education is not an exception to this, for teacher education is approaching social media on two fronts: a) application to enhance learning in the process of teacher preparation or professional development b) applications in classrooms where teachers are expected to use social media with learners. The study set out to investigate whether Prospective English Language Teachers' (PELTs)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English Teachers, Social Networks, Social Media, Teacher...
The paper begins with a short overview of the development of intercultural education and proposes a definition of interculturality in education as a pedagogical principle that guides the entire process of planning, implementing, and evaluating education at the systemic, curricular, school, and classroom levels to enable recognition and empowerment of all minority groups. Measures appropriate for the different levels are discussed. The paper concludes with an overview on teacher education for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Multicultural Education, Teacher Education, Cultural Pluralism, Cultural Awareness,...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the state and private school students' achievement goal orientation levels in terms of some variables. Quantitative survey method was used in this study. Study group in this research consists of 201 students who are studying at state and private school in Kahramanmaras during the 2014-2015 academic year. The data were collected using "Personal Information Forms", developed by the researcher and the Inventory of Achievement Goal Orientation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Private Schools, Academic Achievement, Public Schools, Goal Orientation, Student...
The increased emphasis on using student growth measures in teacher evaluation has raised questions about how to treat test scores from students with disabilities. This study explores the consequences of three common approaches for treating scores from students with disabilities in statistical approaches to estimating teacher effectiveness: (1) including scores from students with disabilities with no additional disability-related covariates; (2) including scores from students with disability as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Evaluation, Scores, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers,...
The present study investigated graduate students' responses to teacher/course evaluations (TCE) to determine if students' responses were inherently biased against faculty who teach quantitative methods courses. Item response theory (IRT) and Differential Item Functioning (DIF) techniques were utilized for data analysis. Results indicate students in non-methods courses preferred the structure of quantitative courses, but tend to be more critical of quantitative instructors. Authors encourage...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Course Evaluation, College Faculty, Methods Courses, Statistical Analysis, Graduate...
High school redesign is one of the most elusive reform challenges to date. This paper explains why personalized high schools are hard to get and keep in a traditional school district, and shows how they can be made much more broadly available through changes in policy and philanthropic investments. Drawing from examples of successful and unsuccessful high school redesign efforts, this paper argues that stable leadership, school-level autonomy, and choice for both staff and families are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, High Schools, Instructional Leadership, Institutional Autonomy,...
Homeschooling in Malaysia is a form of alternative education that emphasizes quality education based on moral values and beliefs while strengthening family bonds. This alternative form of education is being practiced by a growing number of families in Malaysia. As such, the Ministry of Education has given the green light for intending parents who wish to homeschool their children to do so with prior permission from the Ministry. Local parents homeschool their children for various reasons. This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Home Schooling, Foreign Countries, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, Course...
From preschool through high school, accommodation and success, rather than self-advocacy and student development, are the predominant frameworks for students with physical disabilities. Many students with physical disabilities who use wheelchairs are assisted by their family members with daily life activities such as getting out of bed, showering, eating, dressing, and toileting. Once in college, many of the students are responsible for finding their own personal care, thus it may be the first...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Physical Disabilities, Student Needs, Phenomenology, Undergraduate Students, Time...
Reliability and differential item functioning (DIF) analyses were conducted on testlets displaying local item dependence in this study. The data set employed in the research was obtained from the answers given by 1,500 students to the 20 items included in six testlets given in English Proficiency Exam by the School of Foreign Languages of a state University in Turkey. One of the purposes of this study was to determine the influences of the tests composed of testlets on reliability, so the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Test Items, Test Bias, Item Response Theory, Test Reliability,...
Recovery oriented practice/service provision is how workers and services support people in their recovery journey. There are four identified practice domains: promoting citizenship, organizational commitment, supporting personally defined recovery, and working relationship. Professionals might be helpful if they are willing to be open, respectful and use their qualities as partners in healing, rather than "we-they" approach with paternalism and disempowerment. Also language matters in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mental Health, Mental Disorders, Rehabilitation, Citizenship, Power Structure,...
This study aimed to examine the permanence of the effect of an Empathy Training Program, administered 8 months ago on gifted adolescents studying in 6th and 7th grades. The sample of this study consisted of 60 students with IQ scores of above 130 and studied in Enderun Gifted Children Center. Bryant's Empathy Scale for Children was administered to these students. Then, 16 students whose empathy scores were below 10 were chosen. These students were randomly separated into experimental and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Empathy, Adolescents, Grade 6, Grade 7, Academically Gifted,...
In fulfillment of Ohio Revised Code 3333.041 (A) (1), the Chancellor of the Department of Higher Education has published a listing by school district of the number of the 2014 high school graduates who subsequently attended a state institution of higher education in academic year 2014-2015. The listing provides the percentage of each district's graduates who were required to enroll in a non-credit-bearing remedial course in English or mathematics prior to enrolling in credit-bearing courses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Remedial Instruction, High School Graduates, School Districts, College Freshmen,...
The paper analyzes through a genealogical discourse analysis how religion as a cultural practice escapes into the borders of state institutions. While most studies about secularization focus on institutional aspects, such approaches tend to link state secularist policies with cultural secularization. This essay argues that state promotion of religious institutional secularist policies needs to be rethought. The institutionalization of republicanism in Argentina exemplifies this problem. In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Religion, Public Policy, Catholics, Citizenship, Foreign Countries, Discourse...
The primary goal of this study was to explore the changes that four Korean university students made in their regulation of cognition during reading processes. The students were trained using explicit reading strategy instruction based on the CALLA model. To this end, first, metacognition was framed and categorized by the definition from Baker and Brown (1984) and, second, a scoring scale for measuring the readers' regulation of cognition was developed based on the study by Block (1992) to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Metacognition, Protocol Analysis, Cognitive Processes, College...
There is much more to learn from reading the biographical and philosophical writings of leaders in higher education about what education for librarianship was and should be than from the literature of library education itself. This article contains an alphabetical list with annotations of 23 books on exploring the issues and problems of higher education. The list started as 12 and was referred to as "Shera's Twelve Apostles," and has now expanded to 23. The article concludes with a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Library Education, Higher Education, Books, Biographies, Philosophy, Shera, Jesse H.
After decades of dedicated investment, state funding to assist local California school districts in the construction, modernization, and maintenance of their school facilities has come to a halt. As the Governor, the legislature, and other stakeholders debate the future of the state's K-12 school facility funding role, a big unknown exists: "Can all California school districts adequately and equitably maintain and modernize their school facilities without dedicated state assistance?"...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Financial Support, State Aid, Educational Facilities,...
This study investigated predictors of first-year university grade point average (GPA) using academic and nonacademic variables. Data were collected from 1511 Omani students selected conveniently from the population of students entering Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) in Fall 2010. Variables considered in the analysis were general education diploma average score, university readiness, critical thinking skills, motivational traits, learning strategies, gender, type of school education, type of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Predictor Variables, Grade Point Average, College Freshmen,...
Since 1998, regional governments in Indonesia have had greater autonomy due to the commencement of a reformation movement across Indonesia. Large portions of education management were delegated to the regional governments. Because of this, the education level varies strongly across Indonesia' provinces. Referring to the data provided by the Indonesian Bureau of Statistics, it is found that Eastern Indonesia generally has a higher rate of uneducated than Western Indonesia. We review the current...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Influences, Equal Education, Geographic Location,...
This study presents the outcomes of the first phase of a three phase research initiative which begins by identifying through the voices of Aboriginal students and community members the teaching practices that influence Aboriginal student engagement and learning. The study occurs within the Diocese of Townsville Catholic Education schools in North Queensland, primarily in the Mount Isa area. Through open-ended interviews, Aboriginal students and community members express their views of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Indigenous Populations, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching...
The present study investigates if there is a positive effect of the use of concept mapping software on students with Attention Deficit (AD) when learning descriptive writing in the secondary level of education. It also examines what kind of difficulties AD students may have come across during this learning procedure. Sample students were selected and assessed in their use of a combination of distinct educational tools, namely a questionnaire for teachers following the Greek Evaluation Scale...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Mapping, Computer Software, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder,...
The phenomenon of the "middle-years dip" in mathematics engagement and achievement has been a cause of concern for over a decade. This paper presents an example of one upper-primary classroom identified as having higher than average levels of student engagement, with the purpose of documenting specific teaching strategies that align with known key elements of motivation and engagement. Drawing on evidence from teacher interviews, observation notes and lesson video with recorded...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Student Motivation, Learner Engagement, Mathematics Education,...
Every academic institution contributes to knowledge. The generated information and knowledge is to be compiled at a central place and disseminated among the society for further growth. It is observed that the generated knowledge in the academic institute is not stored or captured properly. It is also observed that many a times generated information or knowledge in the academic institute is not known to any one and remains as grey literature, which might be useful if proper recoding is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Knowledge Management, Higher Education, Universities, Colleges,...
Mathematics' skills and knowledge lay the basis for engineering studies. However, the resources targeted to mathematics' teaching are in many cases very limited. During the past years in our university the reduction of mathematics' contact hours has been significant while at the same time the study groups have grown. However, the mathematical proficiency of incoming students has not increased. Consequently, during the contact hours, the learning of basics requires more time and the need of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Video Technology, Engineering Education, Teaching Methods,...
This paper explores the use of a three dimensional virtual world (3-DVW) to delivery assertiveness training to young adolescents. The case study aims to understand how a sense of presence in VWs facilitates and affect the performance of students role-playing activities to enhance their ability to resist sexual coercion. The results indicate that a sense of presence had a modest influence on participants' verbal interactions while role-playing. [For the full proceedings, see ED562093.]
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Sexuality, Sexual Abuse, Role Playing, Verbal Communication, Case...
To promote participation and access to education, the government introduced free primary education. The introduction of FSE has resulted into increased enrolment at all levels which has been blamed for the poor performance of pupils in public primary school of Imenti Central District. The current study sought to determine the impact of enrollment on the quality of learning in primary schools in Imenti Central District. The study employed the descriptive survey research design. Purposive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Questionnaires, Interviews, Statistical...
In higher education's environment of accountability, the development and assessment of student learning outcomes (SLOs) are driven by both external stakeholder requirements for accreditation and internal institutional pressures to demonstrate student learning as the core function of universities and colleges. This paper presents a framework to reduce faculty workload and increase standardization of SLOs for LIS electives across multiple schools. The framework includes a value-added assessment...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Accountability, Student Evaluation, Outcomes of Education, Library...
Leadership preparation programs are in transition as scholars seek to determine more sophisticated approaches in developing leaders for the increasing demands of accountability policy. This critical conceptual analysis focuses on leadership preparation for the socialization of school leaders. It is intended to reframe current perspectives about data use and provides recommendations for improving leadership development for socially just outcomes. Critical perspectives towards improving...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accountability, Educational Policy, Leadership Training, Socialization, Social...
This research aims to investigate the relationship among the awareness of self-regulated learning (SRL), procrastination, and learning behaviors in blended learning environment. One hundred seventy nine freshmen participated in this research, conducted in the blended learning style class using learning management system. Data collection was conducted in two ways; questionnaires for SRL scale "Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire" (Pintrich and DeGroot, 1990), and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Blended Learning, Learning Strategies, Time Management, Student Behavior, College...
The transition from one's home country to a university abroad can be demanding. This study is a follow-up study exploring life satisfaction among outbound students. Outbound students at Umeå University, Sweden, were surveyed before and after experiencing studying abroad. Thus, the students' life satisfaction could be compared after an international experience with the situation before studying abroad. The same students (individuals) were surveyed both times. The study is based on an initial...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Life Satisfaction, Study Abroad, College Students, Student...
Higher Education is in a time of immense change. Colleges and Universities are under greater pressure to demonstrate their value while experiencing increasing levels of economic constraints, changing accountability structures, and pressure to demonstrate excellence in teaching and learning/student outcomes. Technology, elearning and massification have fundamentally changed how faculty teach and interact with students. For administrators, defining and measuring teaching excellence in the new era...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational Change, Teacher Effectiveness, Instructional...
Since the beginning of the 21st century, academics in various disciplines have stressed the need to address democratic deficits in Europe as well as lacunae in the citizenship development of European youth. In this article we explore the value of various types of democratic engagement for strengthening the democratic character of local and international communities throughout Europe. To this end, we present our democratic engagement typology and its derivation from empirical and conceptual...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Democratic Values, Classification, Citizenship Education,...
This research aimed to investigate the extent to which the interactive international curriculum is included in the "Child's Scientific Activities" issued by the Ministry of Education in Jordan, for the kindergarten stage according to the global criterion (NRC). In order to answer the study questions, an instrument was developed to measure the extent of including the interactive international curriculum "The Child's Scientific Activities" for the Kindergartens' stage in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Young Children, Preschool Curriculum, Science...
The focus of this paper is on the roles and experiences of interim administrators in higher education. A survey was given to current and recent interim administrators in four-year public universities and colleges across the United States. The goals were to identify the advantages and disadvantages of using and serving as interims, and to solicit advice for institutions and individuals who are considering the interim role. Results of the study indicate that participants believe there are clear...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Administrative Change, College Administration, Administrator...
This practical paper discusses the effect of explicit instruction to raise Japanese EFL learners' pragmatic awareness using online discourse completion tasks. The five-part tasks developed by the authors use American TV drama scenes depicting particular speech acts and include explicit instruction in these speech acts. 46 Japanese EFL college students enrolled in an English grammar course received explicit instruction and completed the tasks in five consecutive classes using an e-portfolio...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Pragmatics, Metalinguistics, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning,...
In this article, John Macalister draws attention to the fact that the term "extensive reading" can have multiple meanings. It has been used to include breadth of reading and time spent reading, as well as both amount of new reading and amount of text read. It is, therefore, perhaps unsurprising that teachers can hold differing views as to the nature of extensive reading and that it manifests itself in different ways in the classroom, if it is present at all. Given the confusion that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Guidelines, Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods, Second Language Learning, Second...
Framing design problems and solutions has been recognised in design studies as a central designerly activity. Some recent findings with expert designers relate framing practices to problem-solution co-evolution and analogy use, two further widely recognised design strategies. We wanted to understand if interaction design novices also use co-evolution and analogies to frame their thinking. Furthermore we wanted to see if there are any differences across cultures. The paper reports an analysis of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Design, Interaction, Cognitive Processes, Foreign Countries, Behavior, Cross Cultural...
The British Columbia Teachers' Federation (BCTF) would like to express its appreciation for the recommendations made on funding for K-12 education in the past two reports of the Select Standing Committee on Finance and Government Services (the Committee). The BCTF does not like to be repetitive, but the situation with funding of public education has, unfortunately, not improved, despite the best efforts of the Select Standing Committee on Finance and Government Services--as well as of others...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Finance, Financial Support, Elementary Secondary...
Computational tools and resources play an important role for vocabulary acquisition. Although a large variety of dictionaries and learning games are available, few resources provide information about the complexity of a word, either for learning or for comprehension. The idea here is to use frequency counts combined with intralexical variables to account for the difficulty of a word. By using such predictors, we have built a lexical resource for French, ReSyf, where words are available with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocabulary Development, Lexicology, Difficulty Level, Word Frequency, Predictor...
In 2012, there were an estimated 11.2 million undocumented individuals living in the United States. The peak of unauthorized immigrant population occurred in 2007 with 12.2 million, a stark rise from original estimates of 3.5 million in 1990. Although down from its peak, a sizeable and stable population of unauthorized individuals resides in the United States. Given this population, both federal and state authorities have taken action to provide policy and regulations for this group. Among...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Trends, Postsecondary Education, Access to Education, Undocumented...
The paper presents results of research related to perception of creativity in higher education made by the authors at the University of Mostar from Bosnia and Herzegovina. This research was based on a survey conducted among teachers and students at the University. The authors developed two types of questionnaires, one for teachers and the other for students in order to investigate the perception about creativity at the University. Namely, the idea that higher education has key role in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Creativity, Higher Education, College Faculty, Teacher Surveys,...
Limited budgets may place educational positions in jeopardy and if school counseling positions become jeopardized, then school counselors must communicate their role and impact more effectively. However, school counselors may lack training and experience in professional self-advocacy practices, and advocacy efforts may be undermined by role confusion experienced by both counselors and the educational professionals surrounding them. This article describes one model of professional advocacy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Counselors, Advocacy, School Counseling, Counselor Role, Models, Professional...
Nowadays, Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have raised great expectations due to their potential for changing the relationship between students and professors, academy and the general community. To conceptualize, the terms "course", "online", "massive" and "open" have been redefined and reinvented so many times that it is difficult to offer a wide broad definition to cover their whole activity, for example, the term "massive" most of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Online Courses, Large Group Instruction, Program Effectiveness, Efficiency, Dropout...
The hiring and maintaining of male nurses in the nursing field is a very apparent issue nowadays. Hence, there is an urgent need to promote a professional nursing image and enhance its standing in the community, especially for men. Although they have an important position in nursing, men are still proportionately in the minority. This study aimed to explore and compare the perceptions of undergraduate male nursing students regarding the image of the Nursing Profession in the two different...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Nursing, Nursing Education, Nursing Students, Undergraduate...
Today, the importance of early care and education (ECE) to children's lifelong learning and to our nation's economic well being is recognized up to the highest levels of government, and in businesses, schools, and living rooms across the country. This understanding represents a dramatic shift from earlier decades, and carries with it heightened expectations for what teachers of young children should know and be able to do, in light of mounting evidence about inadequate and unequal educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Early Childhood Education, Teacher Education Programs, Teacher Competencies,...
The study is designed to investigate challenges to effective implementation of Christian Religious Studies among secondary school pupils in Ebonyi state. Two research questions were raised to guide the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Ebonyi state is the area of study and the population comprised all the 232 CRS teachers in the area. 200 teachers from the government owned schools were selected out of 232 CRS teachers using purposive sampling technique. Fixed response...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Curriculum, Religious Education, Christianity,...
This research study explores technology-related course offerings in ALA-accredited library and information science (LIS) graduate programs in North America. These data are juxtaposed against a text analysis of several thousand LIS-specific technology job listings from the Code4lib jobs website. Starting in 2003, as a popular library technology mailing list, Code4lib has since expanded to an annual conference in the United States and a job-posting website. The study found that database and web...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Information Technology, College Curriculum, Library Education, Graduate Study,...
Curriculum development for distance education (DE) practitioners is more and more focusing on practical requirements and competence development. Delphi and DACUM methods have been used at some universities. However, in the competency-based development area, these methods have been taken over by professional-task-based development in the last decade, which has not been applied in the open and distance education area so far. Is the professional-task-based curriculum development approach suitable...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Development, College Curriculum, Masters Programs, Distance Education,...
The purpose of this article is to present a few of the innovative techniques used in the execution of Morgan Chivers' sculptural work, not on the content of the work itself. The author's interest has been in merging the methodologies and precise output control of 3D printing with finished objects in nonprintable materials as required by the conceptual structure of his sculpture. Without devoting the requisite space to fully explain the ideation of the work, he provides the reader with enough of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Simulation, Art Products, Sculpture, Art Activities, Innovation, Computer...
In positioning student voice within the Irish education policy discourse it is imperative that this emergent and complex concept is explored and theorized in the context of its definition and motivation. Student voice can then be positioned and critiqued as it emerged within Irish education policy primarily following Ireland's ratification of the United Nations Charter on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) in 1992. Initially emerging in policy from a rights-based and democratic citizenship...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Policy, Student Attitudes, Educational Practices, Educational Change,...
This paper explored whether or not In School Suspensions (ISS) is effective in reducing student behavioral problems. Research was conducted with 6-8th grade students in a rural middle school in the upstate of South Carolina for the purposes of determining if ISS, in its current design a viable and effective method to reduce negative student behaviors. The study concluded that it was not an effective method for reduction of negative student behaviors and that an overwhelming majority of students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Students, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Student Behavior, Behavior...
This article introduces a project in a Finnish secondary school where mathematics education was combined with crafts instruction. The idea was to provide the students with an interdisciplinary real-world learning context in which they worked collaboratively on an open-ended design task. The approach was problem-based and student-centred in a way that Neumann (2013) describes to be in and with students. The teacher's role was to allow the students to self-generate their learning and to work in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Education,...