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Many new Council of Independent Colleges (CIC) programs and services are highlighted in this special anniversary Annual Report, amount them American Graduate Fellowships and "Ancient Greece in the Modern College Classroom." Other CIC initiatives continue to help campus leaders enhance their decision-making capacity, leadership expertise, educational programs, administrative and financial performance, and institutional visibility, and are described here. Information concerning award...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Awards, Private Colleges
Throughout a student's time in school, a variety of transitions will occur. From home to school, grade to grade, school to school, school to post-secondary training or employment, students experience changes in expectations, responsibilities and routines. This resource provides sample ideas and templates for creating a Learner Profile that students, teachers and parents can use as part of the transition planning process. The Learner Profile is designed to help students, parents and teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Profiles, Thompson, Carolyn
This paper principally examines personality from a philosophical standpoint. First, problems related to the definition of this subject-matter are considered. Descriptive definitions and stipulative definitions are discussed. Second, a description of personality based on the Theory of Fuzzy Systems (TFS) and computers is suggested. The basic idea of this theory is that, in addition to the conventional sets and relations, vague sets and relations may also be used. It is noted that when fuzzy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Formation, Foreign Countries, Personality
This bibliography on the Yugoslavian educational system is divided into the following topics: history and development of education, education research, school reform, teacher training and teaching staff, schools and institutions, curricula and syllabi, audiovisual aids, polytechnical education, physical education, problems in education, hostels, management and finance, legislation, and education statistics. Related documents include ED 026 893, ED 034 459, ED 131 109, and ED 037 730. (LLR)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bibliographies, Education, Foreign Countries
In order to develop strategies for training future journalists, the New Zealand Council for Educational Research sponsored a survey of all journalists in all branches of the profession in New Zealand in 1987. The response rate was over 46%; 1,249 New Zealand journalists returned the survey. Major findings revealed that: (1) the proportion of female journalists is steadily increasing; (2) journalism continues to be a "young" profession; (3) less than 5% of the respondents were members...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Journalism, Journalism Education, Occupational Surveys
This report and the companion backgrounder "Supporting Persons with Disabilities in Post-Secondary Education" represent the work of the Foundational Learning and Diversity sub-committee. Within the larger context and framework of A Learning Alberta, the sub-committee focused on identifying priorities for community learning opportunities to better meet the diverse learning needs of adults who are under-represented in existing formal learning opportunities. They looked specifically at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Disabilities, Literacy, Informal Education, Adult Learning
This paper is intended to support school authorities by summarizing research on professional development. The term professional development is used in a context that encompasses related terms such as staff development, training and in-service. The paper covers conceptions and understandings of professional development, processes and approaches related to professional development, effective environments for professional development, evaluation of professional development, and indicators of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Improvement, Professional Development, Foreign Countries
Research messages 2004 is a collection of summaries on all research projects published or completed by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research in 2004. It is the first year such a product has been produced by NCVER. The summaries are clustered under five broad themes used by NCVER to organize all of its VET research and analysis: (1) Industry and employers; (2) Students and individuals; (3) Teaching and learning; (4) VET system; and (5) VET in context. Fifty-six pieces of work are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Case Studies
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Australia is a hotbed of Ed Tech activity. The Australian Council for Computers in Education is one of many active ISTE Affi liates in Australia, and through the New South Wales Computer Education Group it has brought ISTE two active educational leaders: Paul Meldrum and Gary Brown. Like many of our members, both of these men were so effective at using technology to teach that they were soon promoted out of the classroom. They miss working with students on a day-to-day basis, but Gary says they...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Meldrum, Paul|Brown, Gary
One of the sources for the observed differences between the occupational choices and preferences of women and men may be the way in which they perceive the considerations or aspects which are taken into account in the process of career decision making. That is, the different meanings men and women attribute to the various aspects may give rise to differences in their career preferences. An examination was made of the possible differences in the meanings attributed to career-related aspects by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Decision Making, Foreign Countries, Sex Differences
China issued two educational principles in 1960s and 1990s respectively. Both are composed of three fundamental elements--general aim of education, concrete purposes of education and ways of realizing them. Both emphasize the combination of education and work as well as the all-round development of the educatee. The difference between the two is that the former stipulates that education should serve the proletarian politics and education of laboring people while the latter provides that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Principles, Yang, Tianping
This comparative higher education bibliography from the graduate program in Higher Education at University of Texas at Austin provides references with publication dates through 1990 under the following categories: "General and Canada" (85); "Africa (Sub-Sahara)" (23); "Asia" (122); "Australia and New Zealand" (25); "Western Europe" (168); "Great Britain" (56); "Latin America" (81); "Middle East" (23); "USSR and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
This conference was designed to facilitate an exchange of information and experiences on the major issues in research with human subjects. In each session, a speaker from the United States and one from the United Kingdom reviewed procedures, progress, and problems related to a particular topic, leading to a thorough discussion of the advantages or disadvantages of the systems being compared. Each presentation thus provided a significant review of the topic under discussion. The following topics...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Medical Research, Research Design
This publication presents early estimates of apprentice and trainee commencements for the June quarter 2010. Indicative information about this quarter is presented here; the most recent figures are estimated, taking into account reporting lags that occur at the time of data collection. The early trend estimates are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.64, June 2010. Data are only available for commencements at the national level and have been seasonally adjusted and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Apprenticeships, Trainees, Vocational Education, Trend Analysis, Foreign Countries
The subjective nature of assessment focuses attention on the prior perceptions that workplace assessors can bring to formal assessment activities, regarding the competence of workers. This paper draws on a study into workplace learning and assessment practices and the construction of worker identities, which was conducted at three food production companies in North East Victoria. The paper proposes that, rather than concentrating principally on planned, formal assessment activities to determine...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Food Service, Evaluation, Foreign Countries, Timma, Hilary
The scope of these recommended standards for policy and provision of school library resource centers in Great Britain encompass the following six areas: (1) scope and arrangement of the memorandum; (2) the purpose and function of the school library; (3) administration, organization and finance; (4) staff: duties, status and qualifications; (5) stock: books and other materials and (6) school library accommodation. (MM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Library Standards, Resource Centers, School Libraries
The Group of Eight (Go8) appreciates the opportunity to contribute to the consultation about the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA)--Draft Provider Standards. These are some overarching questions regarding the application of the Draft Provider Standards and their interaction with the broader regulatory framework in which universities operate: (1) How will the provider standards be applied to universities, established under State and Territory acts?; and (2) How do the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Postsecondary Education, Accreditation (Institutions), Standards, Universities,...
This report describes an eating disorder as a multi-dimensional physiological, psychological, social, and cultural illness. A chart describing the typical anorexic and bulimic is included which has on its horizontal axis the predisposing, precipitating, perpetuating, professional help, and prevention factors of anorexia nervosa and bulimia. On its vertical axis, each factor is further divided into physical or physiological contributing factors, psychological or emotional contributing factors,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia, Foreign Countries, Intervention, Prevention
By analyzing reasons for and problems in China universities' non-institutionalized power structure, this paper tries to prove the limits of non-institutionalized power structure making up for institutionalized power structure in universities, with the hope of revealing the deep reasons for the institutionalized structure imbalance in universities.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Universities, Power Structure, Problems, Liu, Yuting
This publication, presented in pocket guide format, contains highlights from the 2004 vocational education and training (VET) statistics collection. It also includes key data on VET, apprentices and trainees' training activity, and information on technical and further education (TAFE) graduates obtained from the 2004 Student Outcomes Survey. Among the highlights: (1) 1.6 million students were enrolled in the public VET system in 2004; (2) The training participation rate of the working-age...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries
The Tenth Annual Report contains a summary of the National Library of Australia's activities for the period 1969 through 1970. Included in the report are sections on: (1) Functions and Management of the Library, (2) Royal Visit, (3) Reference Services, (4) Development of the General Collection, (5) Australian Collections and Services, (6) Oriental Studies Collections and Services, (7) Pictorial Collections and Services, (8) Rare Book Collections and Services, (9) Organization of the Library and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annual Reports, Foreign Countries, Library Planning, National Libraries
Approximately 10 to 15 years ago the Swedes became aware that the incidence of cohabitation under marriage-like conditions but without marriage had increased tremendously. This increasingly prevalent social behavior raised problems concerning the legal custody of the children of such unions and, ultimately, a way of granting unmarried parents joint custody of their children was worked out. For Americans and Norwegians joint custody became a social issue in the context of divorce. Research and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Legal Problems, Marital Status, Parent Responsibility
Articles in this issue, written in Spanish, focus on the following: the philosophy of Jaime Torres Bodet (humanistic vision of adult education; objectives of public education in Mexico; Mexico and the issue of culture; The Mexican National Museum of History; Enrique Gonzalez Martinez, poet of all hours; Marti, Cuba's champion; educational challenges; homage to Master Antonio Caso; Cervantes and Don Vasco de Quiroga; Bolivar's presence; adult education; renunciation of the UNESCO...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, Literacy Education
A great deal of disagreement exists as to whether the writing systems of the Brahmi family of scripts from Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent and the Hangul script of Korea should be classified as alphabets or syllabaries. Both have in common a mixture of syllabic and alphabetic characteristics that has spawned vigorous disagreement among scholars as to their classification. An analysis of the alphabetic and syllabic aspects of the two writing systems is presented and it is demonstrated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alphabets, Foreign Countries, Language Classification, Written Language
Although the main characteristics of procedural discourse are well known, less is known about its various subtypes. Most of the data for the present paper are taken from Category E (skills, trades, and hobbies) in the Brown and LOB corpora, supplemented with examples from computer manuals and a manual for drivers. Following a survey of previous research on procedural discourse, a formulaic definition of procedural discourse is offered: X PRESCRIBE HOW Y DO Z, where X is the knowledgeable text...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discourse Analysis, Foreign Countries, Text Structure, Written Language
This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, a bi-annual publication in English and French, looks at the practical and operational aspects of dealing with HIV/AIDS in the African context: school-based anti-AIDS clubs and life skills approaches to HIV/AIDS education in Africa, and the ways in which they promote healthy lifestyles that enable young people to acquire knowledge and develop attitudes and proficiency which support the adoption of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Newspapers, Clubs
The graduate of the Hairstylist apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to perform the following tasks: (1) haircutting; (2) chemical texturing, chemical relaxing; (3) hair colouring; (4) eyebrow and eyelash treatment; (5) facial services for hairstyling purposes (moustaches and beards); (6) wigs and hair additions; (7) hair and scalp shampooing, treatments and massage; (8) wet to dry styling; and (9) perform assigned tasks in accordance with quality and production...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Apprenticeships, Course Descriptions, Cosmetology, Service...
A primary difference between spontaneous speech and read speech concerns the use of false starts, where a speaker interrupts the flow of speech to restart his or her utterance. A study examined the acoustic aspects of such restarts in a widely-used speech database, examining approximately 1000 utterances, about 10% of which contained a restart. Identifying the type of restart in such cases could improve the performance of an automatic speech recognizer, by eliminating from consideration some...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communication Research, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Speech Communication
The ability of 2-year-olds to carry out a forward search strategy was examined in a study of performance on platform rotation problems. One group of children was tested successively on two analogous versions of a task. The two versions shared the same underlying principle but had different surface characteristics. A control group was given an unrelated problem, and was then tested on the platform rotation tasks. Findings showed that 2-year-olds were able to use a sophisticated forward search...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Ability, Foreign Countries, Infant Behavior, Problem Solving
The introduction of new scholarships and awards in Canadian college athletics led to a panel discussion at the 1971 Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation on the issue of opposing or supporting such scholarships. The first participant supported them and felt it was wrong to assume Canadian sports would automatically imitate American mistakes of ignoring the athlete's academic life and allowing too much recruitment activity. The second participant felt athletes do...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletes, Athletics, Awards, Foreign Countries, Recruitment, Scholarships
In 1932, F. C. Bartlett first used the concept of "schema" borrowing it from Head, to suggest a unitary structure whose elements interacted in a complex way. This structure, which aimed to insure the continuity of the cognizing organism, was at the same time the expression of the functional principle responsible for the mutual interdependence among an organism, a human being, and the environment. Current research on cognitive processes frequently refers to the concept of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Ecology, Foreign Countries, Schemata (Cognition)
Fifteen author-contributed papers are presented from the 1983 First European Conference on Research in Rehabilitation. The following titles and authors are represented: "Disability in a Large Public Sector Work Force" (D. Walker); "The Accidents and Absence of Disabled People at Work" (M. Kettle); "Employment Rehabilitation of Production Workers in Heavy Industry" (S.P. Whalley and H.J. Watson); "Systematic Work Design for Disabled People); (M. Hartenbach et...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disabilities, Employment, Foreign Countries, Rehabilitation, Vocational Rehabilitation
The Aristotelian approach to definition, labeled essentialism, is examined, and its relationship to sociolinguistics is discussed. Aristotle taught that a definition points to the essence of something, perhaps by naming it, and then describes it. Popper criticized this approach to definition as overly verbose in that it invites an infinite regression of definitions, and is not helpful in understanding the universe. It is proposed here that, as in other disciplines, many sociolinguists follow...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Definitions, Foreign Countries, Linguistic Theory, Sociolinguistics
The multivariate technique OVERALS is introduced as a non-linear generalization of canonical correlation analysis (CCA). First, two sets CCA is introduced. Two sets CCA is a technique that computes linear combinations of sets of variables that correlate in an optimal way. Two sets CCA is then expanded to generalized (or k sets) CCA. The formulation for the OVERALS technique fits well in the general tradition of "k" sets methods. The formulation is based on a minimization of the loss...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Correlation, Foreign Countries, Generalization, Multivariate Analysis, Statistical...
This paper provides an overview of themes from the history of the AARE and relates them to current debates around educational research, its methodologies, methods and means of dissemination.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Professional Associations, Gill, Judith
This paper describes the experience of a counseling psychologist who completed a Senior Fulbright Teaching Lectureship at Moscow State Pedagogical University in Moscow, Russia from February 19 to April 24, 1992. The primary goal of the paper is to provide observations about Russian education, the status of counseling, and life in Moscow 6 months after the failed coup d'etat. Secondly, the paper is written to encourage other counseling professionals to apply for Fulbright Awards in Russia and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Instruction, Counseling, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Psychology
Inverse translation has long been seen in the negative light in modern translation studies, and has thus been relegated to a sort of second class endeavour. Based on a brief comparative study of English translations of Wenxin Diaolong, a Chinese literary classic, this paper argues that inverse translation is as legitimate and feasible as direct translation in China, and that the assessment of quality of translation should be based more on the translator's translation competence and translation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Translation, Chinese, English, Shi, Jiasheng
This paper identifies the directions in which new developments in educational planning are moving and draws some conclusions on how the training of specialists in the field of educational planning is likely to be affected by changing notions and practices. The first part of the paper outlines the assumptions that have characterized the field in recent years. These assumptions are concerned with planning as social research; the distribution of education; the quantity, quality, and content of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Needs, Educational Planning, Foreign Countries
As today's society places more and more emphasis on preventive mental health, the use of counselors and psychologists as consultants on the radio is a viable alternative form of public education. The radio can be used to educate and inform the public about psychological issues. In 1982, a local radio station in Edmonton, Alberta aired the first program of "That's Living," a talk show that was hosted by psychiatrists and psychologists. This radio program provided a context where...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Counseling, Educational Radio, Foreign Countries, Mental Health, Wellness
All over the world, distance mode of education is gaining a momentum and becoming more popular than conventional education. It is a system in which schools, universities and other educational agencies offer instruction wholly or partly by mail. Eritrea is a newly independent country in Africa is been facing many challenges particularly in its education sector. It did not have more educational institutions at tertiary level. Thus the distance learning is the best option for this country. An...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Schools, Distance Education, Rena, Ravinder
This study sought to determine whether changes in personality functioning occurred in teenagers participating in a one-month homestay in Japan. Subjects included exchange participants (N=154) and non-participant control group members (N=112) who were nominated by the exchange group. The California Psychological Inventory was administered to both groups prior to the exchange, once again at its conclusion, and a third time 4 months later. Results showed that the exchange group increased in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Exchange Programs, Foreign Countries, Personality Change, Travel
A comprehensive analysis of English "as" clauses in terms of distribution and interpretation is offered. It is hypothesized that "as" clauses provide a supplementary explanation to the head noun (adnominal "as" clauses) and provide the propositional content of the main clauses (sentential "as" clauses.) "As" clauses, whether they seem to function as adnominal or sentential, should be regarded as adverbial clauses. (Contains 19 references.) (JP)
Topics: ERIC Archive, English, Foreign Countries, Function Words, Nouns, Phrase Structure
Computer-assisted career guidance systems (CACGS) are one of the tools used by career counselors to facilitate the career decision making process of deliberating counselees. These systems are characterized by some inherent contradictions and face problems which must be solved or circumvented in order to increase their usefulness. Considering the apparent advantages CACGs one may ask why they are not used even more widely. A possible answer to this question is that many systems face difficulties...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Career Guidance, Counseling Effectiveness, Foreign Countries
This report describes the DELTA (Development of European Learning through Technological Advance) Pre-Pilot project, which was designed to develop a European Learning System Reference Model that would bring structure into discussions of European Learning Technology, and would function as an intermediary and consensus-identifying tool. The first section of the report provides the background on project organization and assumptions. The second section summarizes some of the activities and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communications, Educational Technology, Foreign Countries, International Programs,...
The Dakar 2000 goal of Education For All (EFA) is at the center of UNESCO's education activities worldwide. The wide-ranging efforts to achieve EFA in many countries involve education reform, development strategies and plans. Decentralization, a major component in modernizing the public sector, is also applicable to the education sector. The handbook offers an introduction and step-by-step guidelines on planning tools that aim to assist education administrators in planning and decision making...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Public Sector, Higher Education
The General Conference, at its fifteenth session, deemed it desirable that an international instrument be drawn up for the standardization of statistics relating to libraries in the form of a recommendation to Member States. In accordance with the "Rules of Procedure concerning Recommendations to Member States and International Conventions..." the Director-General drew up the present report on the position with regard to the problem to be regulated by the recommendation and on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Libraries, Standards, Statistics
"Pride and Prejudice," owing to its romantic and superb language, enjoys a great audience and has at least five Chinese versions in circulation. Among them are two versions which are translated by the most authoritative translators published in China: the version translated by Wang Keyi and the version translated by Sun Zhili. The former got its first edition in 1956 while the latter was first published in the year of 1994. In terms of the ideology, the different features of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Novels, Translation, Ideology, Zhang, Feng
At its fifteenth session, the General Conference deemed it desirable that an international instrument be drawn up for the international standardization of statistics relating to libraries, in the form of a recommendation to Member States. Thus, the Director-General drew up a preliminary report together with a preliminary draft recommendation (See LI 002 088). These were sent under cover of a circular letter dated 16 July 1969 to Member States, who were invited to submit their comments and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Libraries, Standards, Statistics
The report lists the membership for various department-related groups. Following introductory remarks by Director D. W. Crowley, the report lists the replacements on the Joint Committee for Tutorial Classes and the University Extension Board and cites the professional activities of some of the members of the academic staff. The transfer of the Hunter Valley program to the jurisdiction of the University of Newcastle, the status of the Metropolitan Tutorial Classes, and the effects of economic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Annual Reports, College Administration, Foreign Countries
Most career decisions involve compromises. The need to compromise can be attributed to the fact that the characteristics of the options in the occupational world do not necessarily match the ideal career image of the career decision maker. This study examined the readiness to compromise and the content of compromise in 1,252 deliberating women and 751 deliberating men who used "MESHIV"--a computer-assisted career decision making system. Participants were aged 18 or older. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Attitudes, Career Choice, Foreign Countries, Sex Differences
This study asks, To what degree has the Civitas: An International Civic Education Exchange Program in Bosnia and Herzegovina been effective in creating or promoting attitudes and values that serve to strengthen support for democratic institutions and processes among Bosnia and Herzegovina school children? To answer this question, an empirical study was conducted with nearly two thousand upper elementary and secondary students in Bosnia and Herzegovina in May 1999. This report provides evidence...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Foreign Countries, Social Studies, Soule, Suzanne
The Eleventh Annual Report contains a summary of the National Library of Australia's activities for the period 1970 through 1971. Included in the report are sections on: (1) Management of the Library, (2) Service to the Public, (3) Development of the General Collection, (4) Australian Collections and Services, (5) National Bibliography, (6) Library Services to Commonwealth Territories, (7) National Clearing Center, (8) Education for Librarianship, (9) Orientation and Use of the Building and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annual Reports, Foreign Countries, Library Planning, National Libraries
Previous literature suggests that young children are relatively insensitive to viewpoint in drawing, only showing their view when the task demands it. In contrast, older children appear to become more sensitive to viewpoint, and it has been claimed that there is a developmental progression towards portrayal of viewpoint though linear perspective. This study investigated sensitivity to viewpoint by direct manipulation of the child's view. A total of 225 children of 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 years of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Age Differences, Children, Foreign Countries, Freehand Drawing
Money has significant impact on people's motivation and behavior. This study examined attitudes toward money of first-year undergraduate university students (N=68) in National Taiwan University. The Money Ethic Scale (MES) was used to identify six factors concerning the meaning of money: good, evil, achievement, respect, budget, and freedom. A personality questionnaire measured the Protestant Work Ethic (PWE), the leisure ethic, and the internal-external locus of control. The results indicated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Student Attitudes
In the fall of 2004, the Institute for Educational Leadership (IEL) convened members of the School Leadership Learning Community (SLLC) and invited guests for three invitational, issue-focused meetings. Each of the meetings was conducted as a modified Select Seminar (www.casdany.neric.org/history3.htm) and explored an issue specific to preparing and supporting school leaders. The discussions were held in an environment conducive to open and honest dialogue and participants were encouraged to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Speech Communication, Rural Schools
This study examines linguistic change as it is found in the works of Daniel Pennac. It discusses heterogeneity at different levels--phonetic, lexical, syntactical, and stylistic--which leaves traces in the language itself of the mixture of different races and cultures, and is highlighted by the microcosm of the neighborhood of Belleville in Paris. Such social and cultural heterogeneity, which imposes linguistic changes to the language due to racial coexistence, reflects a period of transition,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Influences, Foreign Countries, French, Bartoli, Antonella Leoncini
The history of sports is closely tied to the larger history of the society in which they are played. Baseball in the United States in the 1920's and l930's assumed a major role in spreading the ideals of fair play, sportsmanship, and democracy to the Far East, with tours by amateur athletes and professionals such as Lou Gehrig and Babe Ruth. Even after the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924, it was felt that Baseball Diplomacy should continue in order to lessen Japanese resentment at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Baseball, Foreign Countries, International Relations, Sportsmanship
The future schooling scenarios prepared by the OECD/CERI (OECD, 2001) are the focus of this article, first because they provide a useful tool for futures thinking in educational settings and, second, because they provide an analytic framework to investigate how notions of citizenship are embedded in educational policies and in the organisation of compulsory schooling. This article outlines the scenarios developed by the OECD/CERI, describes how these were used to conduct a survey of educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Citizenship, Educational Policy, Surveys, Mutch, Carol
Common approaches to coping are discussed, followed by a description of the process of women coping with breast cancer as it is expressed in their own poems. Qualitative analysis was conducted on eight poems, with the results opening new avenues for counselors who work with women suffering from breast cancer. (Contains 54 references.) (GCP)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Coping, Counseling Techniques, Foreign Countries, Poetry, Jacoby, Rebecca
The nature and use of names are the focus of a resarch report published in a Canadian journal. The article presents the results of a study of college and university sports teams' nicknames, including major categories of names (human, animal world, mythical, etc.), and frequency of names. The report concludes with a discussion of the social implications of name choices. (HTH)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Foreign Countries, Geography, Higher Education, Language Research
This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, published bi-annually in English and French, sheds light on the needs of teachers and teacher training in emergency situations with practical approaches and strategies provided on capacity building in the area of teacher education. Furthermore, it ventures into the examination of major components of education for reconstruction with some concrete examples drawn from the work of educators in the area of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Peace, Newspapers, Emergency Programs
Established in 1999, the UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) is one of six UNESCO Institutes and Centers under the direction of the UNESCO Secretariat. The only UNESCO Institute in Africa, it is mandated to strengthen the capacities of the teacher education institutions of its 53 member states, and promote international cooperation for the development of education through the New Partnership for Africa's Development and the African Union. This report discusses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Schools, Educational Quality, International Cooperation
A study applied artificial neural networks, trained with the back-propagation learning algorithm, to modelling phonemes extracted from the DARPA TIMIT multi-speaker, continuous speech data base. A number of proposed network architectures were applied to the phoneme classification task, ranging from the simple feedforward multilayer network to more complex modular architectures which attempt to assign classifier modules to different regions of the input space. Results showed that, in general,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, Communication Research, Foreign Countries, Phonemes, Speech
Many university programs are offered offshore to students whose first language and culture is not the same as the program's creator and where teachers' language and culture may not be the same as the students or the creators. This study investigated potential conflicts in a Hong Kong setting in a mathematics foundation classroom using an ethnographic approach and analysed the data using Valsiner's Zone theory. It is important to investigate the issues that arise from implementing such a program...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Student Relationship, Galligan, Linda
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
by ERIC
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Described in this issue of "Children in the Tropics" are handicraft, semi-industrial, and industrial projects which produce weaning foods in developing countries. The introductory section briefly discusses the global epidemiology of malnutrition and offers guidelines for combatting malnutrition. Chapter I provides a framework for reflection on the establishment of a workshop for the production of a weaning food, and discusses the decision to produce such food at a semi-handicraft...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Children, Developing Nations, Foreign Countries, Nutrition
Research has shown, and educators in the field have acknowledged, that students with visual impairments (those who are blind or have low vision) who are in general education, as well as in special education, settings, can lack social competence (Bauman, 1973; Davidow, 1974; Doll, 1953; Hatlen, 2000, 2003; Huebner, 1986; Sacks, Kekelis, & Gaylord-Ross, 1997; Sacks & Silberman, 2000; Schindele, 1974; Stockley & Brooks, 1995; Tuttle, 1987; Van Hasselt, Hersen, & Kazdin, 1985). For...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Competence, Visual Impairments, Special Education,...
The premise of this book is that economic growth has made life considerably worse for people in Britain since 1955 and that, even if growth were beneficial at one stage in human history, it is now damaging. The book presents evidence of social and environmental damage caused by growth and several reasons for a persistence of growth in the face of this damage. It is proposed that the real reason growth has not been stopped is that economic systems would collapse if it did. The book looks at the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Environment, Foreign Countries, Policy, Pollution, Sustainable Development
This article is written to inform educational community particularly in the respect of new tendencies in educational assessment and present a clear-cut picture of the recent studies conducted in the Black Sea Region. The review paper refers to the following countries: Georgia, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine. It stresses the prevalent approach detected in these countries and sees the role of assessment as a tool to enhance the quality of education and obtain the reliable data that help professionals...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Research, Evaluation Research, Educational Assessment,...
This paper is dedicated to Marc-Antoine Jullien's bicentennial work, which first appeared as a series of three articles under the main title "Éducation comparée" with a subtitle "Esquisse et vues préliminaires d'un ouvrage sur l'éducation comparée" published in "Journal d'éducation" from October 1816 to March 1817 and also published as a booklet entitled "Esquisse et vues préliminaires d'un ouvrage sur l'éducation comparée" in Paris in 1817....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Education, Textbooks, Foreign Countries, Educational History, Textbook...
This report contains a synthesis of key themes and issues discussed within each question posed to panel members at a roundtable on the changing Canadian research landscape. The keynote address, "Knowledge, Innovation and International Cooperation: The Sisyphus Challenge," by Francisco Sagasti, is presented in its entirety. Canadian researchers involved in research in the South find that the uncertainty of the policy environment and the instability in resource availability often...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, International Cooperation, Research, Research...
Agricultural Education in the Netherlands is categorized as Scientific, Higher Secondary, Middle Secondary, and Lower Secondary. Scientific education is given at the agricultural university which has a 6- or 7-year curriculum. Higher secondary education is given at agricultural and horticultural colleges with a 3- to 4-year curriculum. Middle secondary education is given at agricultural schools with a curriculum from 1 1/2 to 3 years, according to the nature of the school. Lower secondary...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Colleges, Agricultural Education, Curriculum, Foreign Countries,...
Apprentice and trainee data are reported by the State and Territory Training Authorities to the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) on a quarterly basis, starting at the September quarter of 1994. The set of data submitted that quarter is referred to as Collection 1. The sets of data submitted in subsequent quarters are referred to as Collection 2, Collection 3 and so on. NCVER publishes data on the numbers of contracts of training that commence, complete, cancel/withdraw,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Trainees, Apprenticeships, Statistical Data,...
Form errors, but not reversal errors, generated when kindergarten children printed reversible letters and numbers, were associated with teachers' judgments of children's academic performance at the end of kindergarten and throughout Grade 1. Three samples totaling 166 non-repeating kindergarten children (79 male, 87 female) were drawn from eight kindergarten classes distributed among seven schools. All of the children were native English speakers. Each child was asked individually to print from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Handwriting, Identification, Intervention,...
This issues paper, the second in a series of eight, is intended to distill formative evaluation questions on topics that are central to the development of the higher and further education information environment in the United Kingdom. Issues Paper 1 introduced a framework for thinking about "good" learning. This paper complements Issues Paper 1 by extending the framework and making it somewhat more detailed. It also presents ideas about good learning as a set of propositions: (1)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Constructivism (Learning), Distance Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education,...
Over the past three decades, practitioners have been reminded at workshops, seminars, and conferences that gender equity is an issue for effectiveness of development programs, not just a matter of political correctness, or as some colleagues believe, kindness to women. This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, a bi-annual publication in English and French, examines gender and curriculum issues in African education. It contains the following...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Sex Fairness, Political Attitudes, Newspapers, Altruism, Equal...
This paper tries to use the social capital theory to make some researches on graduate employment, in the hope of giving helpful countermeasures and suggestions for graduate employment.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Social Capital, Social Theories, College Graduates, Employment...
This paper details how memory protocols obtained in individual interviews may be translated to scores on several dimensions suggested by White. White's nine dimensions are: (1) extent, (2) precision, (3) internal consistency, (4) accord with reality, (5) variety of types of element, (6) variety of topics, (7) shape, (8) ratio of internal to external associations, and (9) availability. Following a description of how the interviews of 28 science graduates, ages 20 to 27, enrolled in the Diploma...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Structures, Correlation, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Interviews,...
World food production reached a record high in 1986, exceeding 1985's record by about 1 percent, despite declining food output in Latin America, the United States, Western Europe, and Oceania. World food production generally increased faster than population from 1977 to 1986. Production of agricultural commodities increased at an annual compound rate of about 2.3 percent, but only 0.7 percent on a per capita basis. This report contains 151 indexes of total and per capita agricultural and food...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Cost Indexes, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Food,...
Schools have become separated from society and social issues through the practice of "transition education." More specifically, by stressing the preparation of students for society, schools accept the present structure of society as a given and therefore neglect their responsibility to educate. Since schools play an educational role in society, the neglect of this role results in the separation of schools from society. Two attitudes toward curriculum that involve transition education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Development, Educational Attitudes, Foreign Countries, School Community...
The prevailing assumption underlying practice in the classroom is that children acquire most of their new words from context during silent reading. The trouble with learning from silent reading is that many pupils do not read widely or quickly enough. Reading aloud to children will, however, allow them to participate in activity that they all can share in, and if some vocabulary acquisition also occurs at this time, then the less avid silent readers may well learn as much vocabulary as the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Oral Reading, Reading Research, Silent...
Examines important elements of the decision of whether and how counseling should be regulated by statute. Presents the current status of certification, registration, and licensure for counseling in Canada. Discusses regulatory schemes in North America and unintended negative consequences inherent in regulation. Recommends that counseling associations should answer four questions when they consider applying for statutory regulation. (Author/MKA)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Counselor Certification, Counselors, Discipline, Foreign Countries, Public Education,...
Much of this annual report of the Scottish Council for Research in Education consists of lists and reports, including names of officials, budget, titles of dissertations of Scottish university students, and titles of published articles relating to the Council. Two of these articles are included in the report. One describes methods of observing teaching strategies of teachers in the classroom (interaction analysis). The other is an article on compensatory education, which examines the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Compensatory Education, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Interaction Process...
As part of research on social representations of languages, bilingualism, and bilingual education carried out in the Aosta Valley, this article analyzes other contexts suggested by speakers in the Aosta Valley. It defines speech situations where associations, comparisons, or oppositions to other bilingual realities appear. Finally, on the basis of the works by Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca, the article situates them according to the role they play in argumentation. (Author/VWL)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Discourse Analysis, Foreign Countries, Social...
This study proposed improvements to the sole question posed former students in the British Columbia (BC) colleges and institutes Student Outcomes Survey concerning the incidence of students requesting "transfer credits" and the problems associated with it. The current survey question asked students whether or not they attempted to transfer credits, whether any problems were encountered, and what these problems were in broad terms. By analyzing both the quantitative and qualitative...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Transfer Students, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Outcomes of...
This study explored the links between adolescents' family situations and their self-disclosure in peer relationships. Participants were 378 pupils between 16 and 18 years of age and the same number of parents of both sexes. The parents were of different professions: 80 percent belonged to intellectual families and 20 percent to the working class. The study used Jourard's Self-Disclosure Questionnaire (1964), LaGaipa's (1981) Friendship Scale to assess measures of adolescents' and parents'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Family Relationship, Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Relationship,...
This paper discusses the integration of information services in the Parliament of Zimbabwe (PoZ). An organizational chart of the information systems at PoZ in 1999 is provided, and each of the four departments managing information services are described, i.e., the library, the research department, public relations, and information technology. An organizational chart of the new integrated information service is then shown, consisting of the library, research department, and information...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Government Libraries, Information Services, Information Systems,...
The questions of whether international terrorism could be controlled only through waging war, what institutions could be enlisted in the service of creating sustainable global peace, and could there be viable measures taken to undercut potential sources of global terror are questions posed in this paper. It does not offer complete answers to these questions, but it seeks to draw people's attention to a direction leading to proper reflection. The paper discusses the social ideas of Peter L....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Relations, Peace, Terrorism, War, Sineshaw, Tilahun
While new programs in French continue to be implemented and while older programs continue to expand at considerable rates, few individuals involved with the implementation and development of language programs appreciate sufficiently the various views which exist vis-a-vis the teaching of French as a second language in Ontario, as well as in other parts of the Dominion, beliefs which may promote or arrest further activity. This paper identifies those views and suggests that these beliefs,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Attitudes, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, French,...
A review of counseling services within Alberta Career Development and Employment is presented in this document. Strategic issues were identified, most of which occur in other vocational counseling organizations. The issues include: (1) adapting to organizational changes; (2) increasing linkages between counseling services; (3) re-defining counseling; (4) strategic planning; and (5) fiscal restraint. The four stages of the review process are described: background research and evaluation; formal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Counseling Services, Delivery Systems, Foreign Countries, Models,...
Interrogation of Spanish speaking sources by English speaking interrogators continues to be a realistic scenario due to continued United States involvement in Central America. The use of bilingual interpreters, when applied correctly, enhances applied interpersonal communication in this cross-cultural context. Analysis of the interrogation situation evidences the need for interpersonal sensitivity by the interrogator. There are verbal and nonverbal communication elements which are central to a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Context, Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Communication,...
This guide examines typical water costs for schools and points out financial and environmental benefits of using water economically. The guide explains the make-up of a typical water bill, including standing charges and sewerage rates. Ways of saving water are described, including use of self-closing and spray taps and urinal flush controllers. A school water management checklist and background information on the water legislation are also provided. (GR)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cost Containment, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Guidelines,...
Professor Shirley Alexander is the Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Vice-President (Teaching, Learning & Equity) at the University of Technology, Sydney. On 12 November 2014, an article of hers appeared in "The Conversation": "Buying essays: how to make sure assessment is authentic." That article traverses, in an abbreviated way, three significant concerns about university assessment tasks. Those three concerns, in sum, apparently render essays "dead" "as the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Performance Based Assessment, Cheating, Plagiarism, Essays,...
In this article Paula Mildenhall describes a research project that investigated the use of a multi-semiotic teaching approach to develop flexible computational strategies in young children.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Numeracy, Preschool Education, Computation, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching...
Enhancing the educational research communication between educational researchers and educational practitioners has seen a great increase of interest in recent years. This paper reviews environmental education research evidence and examines the nature and quality of current educational research on students and student learning. There are three focal points in this review: (1) the increasingly diverse nature of the research field in environmental education; (2) the need for reviews focused on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Environmental Education,...
Many applications of educational testing have a missing data aspect (MDA). This MDA is perhaps most pronounced in item banking, where each examinee responds to a different subtest of items from a large item pool and where both person and item parameter estimates are needed. The Rasch model is emphasized, and its non-parametric counterpart (the Mokken scale) is considered. The possibility of tailoring test items in combination with their estimation is discussed; however, most methods for the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adaptive Testing, Educational Testing, Estimation (Mathematics), Foreign Countries,...
The working party was established with instructions to recommend a policy on scientific and technical information retrieval and dissemination and on how that policy might best be implemented. This report of the working party defines what the objectives of such an information system should be and discusses the governmental responsibility toward the system as well as the steps necessary for setting up the service. It is recommended that: (1) Council inform the Prime Minister of the need to take...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Engineers, Foreign Countries, Information Dissemination, Information Retrieval,...
This publication is a preliminary release of data on the number of students, full-year training equivalents, hours of delivery and subject enrolments relating to Australia's public vocational education and training (VET) system for 2010. As these figures are preliminary, they may be subject to change as further processing of data is undertaken. Final data with more detail and a wider range of variables are expected to be released in July, 2011. (Contains 1 table.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Training, Postsecondary Education, Public...
The purpose of this research is to develop and implement an economic and geographic approach to forming and developing geographic (territorial) industrial clusters in regions of Kazakhstan. The purpose necessitates the accomplishment of the following scientific objectives: to investigate scientific approaches and experience of territorial economic development; to investigate the developmental trends and territorial concentration of the economy in the West Kazakhstan region; to determine the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Geographic Location, Industry, Economic Development, Natural...
The manual presents an empirically based scoring system to evaluate interactions between college students with physical disabilities and their professors. It specifies 28 situations involving physically disabled students and professors along with 196 reasonably common behaviors in each of these situations (with frequency and social appropriateness values). Situations are grouped into seven categories: general issues, class activities, time issues, personal issues, third person, special...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Evaluation Methods, Foreign Countries, Interaction, Interpersonal...
This report assesses the changes in language use, based on political and cultural uses, around the world and specifically in Thailand. Early global theories divided the nations of the world into central, semiperipheral, and peripheral. Later, this classification was changed to developed nations, developing nations, and the Third World. Then came North versus South. Many nations of Southeast Asia embarked upon ambitious programs to reach the supposed completed level of achievement of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Awareness, Developed Nations, Economic Change, Foreign Countries,...