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Charles M. Reigeluth is one of the most contributing and certainly the leading scholars in the field of educational technology and instructional design. His early contributions were about developing instructional design theories such as Elaboration Theory and Component Display Theory. He has also edited monumental books as collections of major ID theories and models. His recent work has focused on designing educational reform or transforming educational systems with a comprehensive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Instructional Design, Educational Technology, Educational Change, Interviews,...
"The Role of Risk: Mentoring Experiences and Outcomes for Youth with Varying Risk Profiles" presents findings from the first large-scale study to examine how the levels and types of risk youth face may influence their relationships with program-assigned mentors and the benefits they derive from these relationships. The study looked closely at the backgrounds of participating youth and their mentors, the mentoring relationships that formed, the program supports that were offered, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mentors, At Risk Persons, Interpersonal Relationship, Program Effectiveness,...
Children Life Styles Inventory was developed by Stiles & Wilborn and in this study, Psychometric features of the inventory in Turkey is researched. At the end of the study, it was found that correlation coefficient among original and applied form points was 0.87 for linguistic equivalence. Structural and consistence validity of Turkish form were analyzed. At the end of explanatory factor analysis, it was found that Children Life Style Inventory has 6 factors like in its original form and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Life Style, Psychometrics, Measures (Individuals), Correlation, Children, Test...
The world is rich in natural beauty, and learning how to appreciate the beauty of nature is an important part of aesthetic education. Unfortunately, the teaching of aesthetics is usually restricted to art education, especially in Taiwan. Students' perceptual awareness of and sensitivity to the aesthetics of nature should be cultivated so that their lives may be enriched and their awareness of environmental issues may be raised. How the aesthetics of nature can be taught effectively remains a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Aesthetic Education, Aesthetics, Imagination, Physical...
Two qualitative research projects examined the impact of university study on two cohorts of mature-age students at a regional university in Australia. All the students interviewed had entered university via non-traditional pathways and had faced significant hurdles in gaining university entrance and continuing with their studies. The influence of gender on their experiences of managing home, family and work responsibilities in combination with their responsibilities as students is examined....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anxiety, Foreign Countries, Family Work Relationship, Qualitative Research, Time...
While engaged in academic reading, a college provost converged on an idea to use a preferential approach to students' selection of college courses, similar to the recommendation ideas based on Netflix and Amazon. The result of this idea came to be known as Degree Compass and was implemented on the campus of Austin Peay State University in 2011. Herein the reader will learn about the idea, the program, and the results of students' surveyed perceptions of efficiency and effectiveness regarding...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Course Selection (Students), Student Surveys, Student Attitudes, State Universities,...
This paper deals with development of logical structures for e-learning evaluation. Evaluation is a complex task into which many different groups of people are involved. As a rule these groups have different understanding and varying expectations on e-learning evaluation. Using logical structures for e-learning evaluation we can join the different expectations of groups and can evaluate quality of e-learning with multidimensional targets. Key targets form the base for a logical evaluation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Learning, Evaluation Methods, Program Evaluation, Models, Check Lists,...
This paper reports on the learning experience of Chinese and French students participating in a computer mediated communication (CMC) collaboration conducted in English and supported by Wikispaces, Animoto, and Skype. Several studies have investigated CMC contexts in which at least some participants were native speakers. Here, we address the linguistic and cultural challenges that students face when language code-switching is impossible. Twenty-five French students enrolled in their final...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Chinese, French, English (Second Language), Web 2.0 Technologies,...
Effective reading instruction plays an important role in improving students' outcomes in reading achievement. This paper is designed to serve as a tutorial for translating the simple view of reading model into classroom practices for improving early reading instruction. This model is used as a framework for facilitating teachers' word study knowledge for instructing both typically developing readers and struggling readers. Scientific studies on the developmental relationships between component...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Difficulties, Models,...
Too many students and educators view the senior year and graduation from high school as an end point, rather than one vital step along the education pipeline. Students who engage in a fourth year of math tap into and build upon their advanced analytic skills and are more likely to have better success in postsecondary course work, as they have maintained their momentum and continued to practice mathematics throughout their high school experience. Highlights of this paper include: (1) Math is a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Readiness, Secondary School Mathematics, Educational Benefits, Developmental...
Georgia has one of the few state-funded universal pre-kindergarten programs in the United States, with the aim of providing pre-k services to all 4-year-olds whose families want their children to participate in the program, regardless of family income level. In the 2011-2012 school year, Georgia's Pre-K Program served a total of over 94,000 different children throughout the year in a variety of settings across the state, including local school systems, private settings, and blended Head...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Literacy, Kindergarten, Preschool Education, Mathematics Skills, Disadvantaged Youth,...
Questioning techniques have historically been considered the measurement by which teachers challenge and gauge student learning. Much has been said about questioning strategies used by teachers; yet little is known about the strategies used by pre-service teachers, especially those that are working with English language learners. This study presents findings from a qualitative study that explored what types of questions pre-service teachers use and their reflections on the use of such...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), English Language Learners, Questioning Techniques, Focus...
Researcher's observation on his ESL class indicates the main issues concerning the writing skills: learners' low motivation to write, minimum interaction in writing, and poor writing skills. These limitations have led them to be less confidence to write in English. This article discusses how computers can be used for the purpose of increasing students' motivation and confidence, and their writing skills, by getting them engaged in a variety of writing activities with computers, either offline...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Writing (Composition), Writing...
The outstandingly able learner has been conceptualised, in terms of test and examination performance, as the learner showing superior academic performance which is markedly better than that of peers and in ways regarded as of value by wider society. In Kuwait, such superior examination performance leads to a classification regarded as being "gifted". This study looks at the inter-correlations between performance in various subjects in examinations and then considers how examination...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Gifted, Student Characteristics, Short Term Memory, Grade 7,...
The State Higher Education Finance (SHEF) report is produced annually by the State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO) to broaden understanding of the context and consequences of multiple decisions made every year in each of these areas. No single report can provide definitive answers to such broad and fundamental questions of public policy, but the SHEF report provides information to help inform such decisions. The report includes: (1) An Overview and Highlights of national trends and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational Finance, Income, Public Policy, Enrollment Trends, Tax...
From March through July 2011, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), in collaboration with the Campaign for Youth Justice and the Education Development Center, convened four listening sessions with families and youth who had direct experiences with the juvenile justice system at the local and state levels. The discussions focused on four broad topic areas: the expectations and the reality of families' first encounters with the juvenile justice system, whether the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Juvenile Justice, Delinquency, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions,...
The legacy of South Africa's destructive history is still evident in the different worlds in which South Africans live. Quality education is compromised by violence occurring in schools and role-players must face school violence and take steps to deal with it. This can only be done if school violence is deeply understood within the various school contexts of a diverse country such as South Africa. Towards this insight a survey was conducted in 11 secondary schools from 3 provinces. The aim of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Violence, Student Experience, Secondary School Students, Student...
This paper addresses one of the foundational components of beginning interference, namely variation, with 5 classes of Year 4 students undertaking a measurement activity using scaled instruments in two contexts: all students measuring one person's arm span and recording the values obtained, and each student having his/her own arm span measured and recorded. The results included documentation of students' explicit appreciation of the variety of ways in which variation can occur, including...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 4, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Error of...
Over the past decade internships have become an essential talent management strategy for organizations big and small. The Collegiate Employment Research Institute (CERI) has tracked the role of internships, finding that internships have eclipsed on-­campus interviewing in bringing organizations to college campuses (http://www.ceri.msu.edu/wp-­-content/uploads/2010/01/Career-­-Fairs.pdf). To capture an overview of factors that shape an organization's internship program, a series of questions...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Internship Programs, Educational Objectives, Program Length, Work Experience, Minimum...
The 2006 Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act required that all career technical education (CTE) programs offer secondary to postsecondary programs of study (POS), which integrate rigorous academics, offer dual enrollment options, and lead to an industry-recognized degree or credential. Focused on improving students' transition to college and careers, all states are required to offer at least one POS. Because few models of POS existed at the time of the legislation, and there was...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Education, Technical Education, Postsecondary Education, Dual Enrollment,...
Our aim in this study was to investigate the relationships among a calling orientation, work role fit, psychological meaningfulness and work engagement of teachers in Zambia. A quantitative approach was followed and a cross-sectional survey was used. The sample (n = 150) included 75 basic and 75 secondary school teachers in the Choma district of Zambia. The Work Role Fit Scale, Work-Life Questionnaire, Psychological Meaningfulness Scale, and Work Engagement Scale were administered. Structural...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Statistical Analysis, Foreign Countries, Case Studies, Secondary School Teachers,...
Obtaining appropriate special education and related services to establish the best educational environment--academically and socially--has not only been challenging but also downright daunting. The decisions the author has made supporting his children, 6-year-old James who is deaf and 12-year-old Miia who is hard of hearing, are, in part, derived from his own experiences growing up, and the experiences of his wife. In this article the author shares his own education experiences, along with what...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Deafness, Partial Hearing, American Sign Language, Early Intervention, Assistive...
Involving parents and other family representatives in the Indicator B-14 Post-School Outcomes (PSO) Survey activities can help State Education Agencies (SEAs) develop strategies to increase annual response rates, communicate results to stakeholders, and build support for program improvement and systems change. Perspectives expressed by families of transition-age youth with disabilities offer valuable information and a unique consumer viewpoint to State data collection efforts. With firsthand...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Departments of Education, Disabilities, Parents, Interviews, Surveys, Focus...
This essay discusses SciELO, a scientific journal database operating in 14 countries. It covers over 1000 journals providing open access to full text and table sets of scientometrics data. In Brazil it is responsible for a collection of nearly 300 journals, selected along 15 years as the best Brazilian periodicals in natural and social sciences. Nonetheless, they still are national journal in the sense that over 80% of the articles are published by Brazilian scientists. Important initiatives...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Open Source Technology, Access to Information, Electronic Libraries, Journal...
The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) collects institution-level data from postsecondary institutions in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia) and other U.S. jurisdictions. This "First Look" presents findings from the preliminary data of the IPEDS fall 2012 data collection, which included three survey components: Institutional Characteristics for the 2012-13 academic year; Completions, covering the period July 1, 2011, through June 30, 2012;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Degrees, Institutional Characteristics, Data Collection, Postsecondary...
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), in partnership with the National Assessment Governing Board and the Council of the Great City Schools (CGCS), created the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) in 2002 to support the improvement of student achievement in the nation's large urban districts. NAEP TUDA results in mathematics and reading are based on representative samples of 1,100 to 2,300 public school students at grade 4 and 900 to 2,100 public school students at grade 8...
Topics: ERIC Archive, National Surveys, Educational Indicators, Educational Assessment, Mathematics...
Results from the 2013 NAEP assessments show fourth- and eighth-graders making progress in mathematics and reading. Nationally representative samples of more than 376,000 fourth-graders and 341,000 eighth-graders were assessed in either mathematics or reading in 2013. Results are reported for public and private school students in the nation, and for public school students in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Department of Defense schools. This snapshot report covers the overall...
Topics: ERIC Archive, National Surveys, Educational Indicators, Educational Assessment, Reading...
New Zealand and Australian curricula require students to learn about weight/mass for at least six years. However, little research identifies what should be taught. This study reports cognitive interviews with 17 Year 9 students who were asked "how heavy is my rock?" Only one student demonstrated some understanding of how to use analogue kitchen scales, most had multiple errors. Results suggest that teachers would benefit from better guidance about teaching the skill set needed for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Interviews,...
After Deng Xiaoping's 1978 reform and opening, foreigners had a chance to see adult education in China. As a result, many met Yao Zhongda, Chief of the Bureau of Workers' and Peasants Education. From 1921 onwards, adult education has been a vital corollary of Communist revolution. Although Yao's biography was extremely relevant to what foreigners saw, few knew much about their host. Yao made enthusiastic responses to Roby Kidd's efforts to "open" China to the Toronto-based...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Adult Education, Biographies, Adult Educators, Asian History,...
National and regional trends mask important variation among states in the supply of high school graduates. This profile provides brief indicators for Pennsylvania related to: current levels of educational attainment, projections of high school graduates into the future, and two common barriers to student access and success--insufficient academic preparation and inadequate finances. This paper contains the following: (1) Educational Attainment by Race/Ethnicity; (2) Production of High School...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational Attainment, Ethnicity, High School Graduates,...
Through the previous detection of existing learning styles in a classroom, a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) has been designed for students of several Engineering degrees, using the Learning Management System (LMS) utilized in the University of Jaen, ILIAS. Learning styles of three different Knowledge Areas; Chemical Engineering, Materials Science and Environment Technology, have been analyzed. From learning styles detected in the classroom, the introduction of optional and compulsory...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Virtual Classrooms, Individualized Instruction, Cognitive Style, Engineering...
In educational research, outcome measures are often estimated across separate studies or across schools, districts, or other subgroups to assess the overall causal effect of an active treatment versus a control treatment. Students may be partitioned into such strata or blocks by experimental design, or separated into studies within a meta-analysis. In non-randomized studies, students may be partitioned into subclasses based on key covariates or estimated propensity scores to improve observed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computation, Outcome Measures, Statistical Analysis, Graduation, Outcomes of...
Students studying together inside their classrooms is widely advocated in the literature on teaching methodology. This paper provides a brief overview on the idea of students also studying together outside of class, either face-to-face or electronically. Such out of class student-student interaction offers many of the same benefits of in class collaboration. Teachers and students have for many years been organizing this student-student interaction, whether it is: organized by the educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperative Learning, Peer Relationship, Group Activities, College Students, Computer...
This study aims to design learning situations and tasks that promote and assess the capacity of primary school children to transfer mathematical knowledge to new contexts. We discuss previous studies investigating mathematical transfer, and particularly the strengths and limitations of tasks used to assess transfer in these studies. We describe some pilot tasks that were used with upper primary children and provide some responses to teacher prompts. We describe some design principles for the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Mathematics,...
This report contains the results of the 2009-10, 2010-11, and 2011-12 Principal and Assistant Principal (AP) Surveys conducted by Stanford's Center for Education Policy Analysis (CEPA). The surveys were administered to principals and assistant principals in the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD). This report appears in three parts, each highlighting some of the aggregated responses from the principals and assistant principals. More than one-half of principals were likely to remain a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Principals, Administrator Surveys, Administrator Attitudes, Elementary Secondary...
Information and communications technology (ICT) is integrated throughout a student's lived experience in their post-secondary learning environment. In order for students with limited or no background with ICT to achieve their academic goals, a central part of their adaptation involves an intensive period of ICT help seeking. Using anecdotes from phenomenological research, this paper explores what we can learn about our practice as help givers through reflecting upon the lived experience of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Environment, Help Seeking, Information Technology, Helping Relationship,...
This paper presents a study to analyze the use of augmented reality (AR) for delivering multimedia content to support the teaching and learning process of the digestive and circulatory systems at the primary school level, and its impact on knowledge retention. Our AR application combines oral explanations and 3D models and animations of anatomical structures. A validation study was conducted with fourth grade students in order to evaluate the effect of our tool on knowledge retention. In this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Simulated Environment, Information Technology, Educational...
Drawing on learners' diaries, the study reported in this article focused on the English language classroom anxiety (ELCA) of eight Greek EFL learners in private language school settings. The study investigated the extent to which anxiety is amenable to change and the factors contributing to the creation and increase in students' anxiety in class. A training session prior to the commencement of keeping a diary was conducted with the participants under the supervision of the researcher. A total...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction,...
For centuries, education has relied on classroom methods, but technology-enhanced learning can potentially bring about a revolution in learning, making high-quality, cost-effective education available to a greater number of people. The basic advantages of e-learning include anytime-anywhere access to learning, cost reductions, ability to reach larger markets, more effective learning with personalized instructions, and flexibility. For the full potential of e-learning to be realized, however,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Learning, Technological Advancement, Influence of Technology, Cost...
This study set out to explore how the Internet was used by Journalism and Mass Communications Program students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Predominately White Universities in their college choice and if these institutions were able to provide the information the respondents were looking for in their search. The study found students that attend Historically Black Colleges and Universities still report the availability of financial aid and other funding as a major reason...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Journalism, Journalism Education, Mass Media, College Freshmen,...
From the connotation of bilingual education in higher education in China, this paper analyzes the factors that may affect the quality and result of bilingual education, such as faculty and students' English level, teaching materials, curriculum system, classroom instruction, teaching quality control, as well as incentives and other factors. The paper focuses on Fuzzy-AHP model as a university bilingual education quality evaluation system, and build an evaluation index system for quality control...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Bilingual Education, Business Administration Education, English...
Language is symbolic of nationality culture (Claire, 2000). Trilingual education to the minority students is necessity for inheriting and developing their national culture. This survey studies the trilingual education in practice, analyses the existing trilingual education problems in Sichuan Leshan minority areas and indicates the prospect of the future studies, so as to offer valuable references for the trilingual education practice and language policy making.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Multilingualism, Minority Group Students, Bilingual Education,...
Students and teachers engage in specific roles in classrooms, and within inquiry classrooms, these roles tend to be more varied compared to traditional settings. Teachers may take on traditional student roles including the role of learner, and students, for example, take on the additional role of question asker, traditionally reserved for the role of a teacher. Several of these roles are specific to perspective taking, in particular, social perspective taking (SPT). SPT is critical to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Inquiry, Active Learning, Student Role, Teacher Role, Perspective Taking,...
The demand for qualified information technology professionals remains high despite downturns in the economy. It is imperative to provide students with a curriculum that provides a broad foundation in information technology knowledge, skills, and abilities. Students also need access to specialized technologies and learning materials to develop the skills that will be needed to drive growth in companies across all sectors of the economy. The dilemma faced by administrators of information...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cost Effectiveness, Online Vendors, Instructional Materials, Information Technology,...
This study seeks to examine the extent to which cooperative group members' levels of coping strategies (study and examination-taking coping strategies) and the degree that heterogeneity (variability of study coping strategies and examination-taking coping strategies) predict cooperative groups' levels of achievement in research methodology courses. Participants were 85 graduate students. Multiple regression analysis revealed that graduate students with the highest levels of performance on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperative Learning, Graduate Students, Graduate Study, Coping, Role, Research...
This article presents a case study of the adoption and use of open textbooks by three high school teachers in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa. The textbooks, collaboratively authored and distributed through the South African initiative, Siyavula, are available online and are openly licensed, allowing teachers to freely use, modify, print, and share them with peers. Building on prior research conducted on the Siyavula project, the study consisted of interviews with teachers in South...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Foreign Countries, Adoption (Ideas), Electronic Publishing, Open Source...
Teaching a subject like physics needs special teaching methods. It has been felt that in spite of strenuous efforts of physics teacher, students fail to grasp the certain concepts of subject, which lead disinterest among students towards physics. More ever students are often unable to apply their knowledge to advance studies. Therefore there is a need to study the effectiveness of the teaching methods in physics. This study is based on facts collected from two schools in Mohindergarh (Haryana)....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Physics, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Science Instruction, Instructional...
This paper makes a survey on the subjects of undergraduates changing majors in Sichuan Agricultural University who entered the university respectively in 2009, 2010 and 2011 and comes to a basic conclusion on the learning and life condition of students changing majors, that is, good overall adaptation yet low excellence rate; difficulty in taking a course and too heavy pressure in learning; relatively too disperse accommodation and bad sense of belonging in class; a series of problems in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Majors (Students), Change, Multicampus...
There, undoubtedly, will be a flurry of research activity in the "Superstorm" Sandy impact area on a myriad of disaster-related topics, across academic disciplines. The purpose of this study was to review the disaster research related specifically to hurricanes in the educational and social sciences that would best serve as a compendium bibliography for researchers, academic faculty, and policymakers in the Hurricane Sandy impact area. To that end, this study, based on a content...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Content Analysis, Educational Research, Citations (References), Natural Disasters,...
In the 2013 Tomás Rivera lecture, Francisco Cigarroa, chancellor of the University of Texas system, discusses how a major shift in the demographics of the United States is having a profound effect on K-12 and higher education.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Population Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Enrollment...
Knowledge capitalization is one of many problems facing online communities of practice (CoPs). Knowledge accumulated through the participation in the community must be capitalized for future reuse. Most of proposals are specific and focus on knowledge modeling disregarding the reuse of that knowledge. In this paper, we are particularly interested on CoPs of e-learning (CoPEs) and we propose a knowledge capitalization approach within the framework of a CoPE, based on contextual semantic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Documentation, Semantics, Communities of Practice, Electronic Learning, Knowledge...
With telecollaboration gaining in popularity, we obtain more insight into how representatives of different cultures interact and co-work online. We learn that while some exchanges may be smooth, others give raise to problems that need some remedial measures. In my paper, I argue that alongside implicit pedagogy, such measures may take on the form of explicit, focused instruction, involving various forms of raising awareness. Departing from this, I present the results of action research into...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, College Students, Preservice Teacher Education, Student Teacher...
This document is the final report on Central State University's implementation of Section 371 of Ohio Amended Substitute House Bill 153. Implementation of Phase I action items required that deliverables and timelines be shifted to give Central State the best opportunity for early success. In Phase II, Central State responded aggressively to a decline in enrollment by prioritizing student-centered initiatives such as targeted enrollment and preferred pathway agreements with area community...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Governing Boards, Higher Education, College Administration, Governance, Educational...
The term "scaffolding" is often used loosely to describe a broad range of interventions or devices for learners and in many instances the actual nature of the scaffold is unclear. In the true sense, for "scaffolding" to take place the activity needs to be for the learner's own intentions, i.e. a task that he or she sets for themselves. The scaffold must also operate within the learner's Zone of Proximal Development, working at the learner's level of comprehension and drawing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Preservice Teachers, Portfolios (Background...
This paper presents a vertical case study of the history of universalizing education in postcolonial Sierra Leone from the early 1950s to 1990 to highlight how there has never been a universal conception of universal education. In order to unite a nation behind a universal ideal of schooling, education needed to be adapted to different subpopulations, as the Bunumbu Project did for rural Sierra Leoneans in the 1970s to 1980s. While the idea of "localizing" education was sound, early...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Case Studies, Rural Areas, African Culture, Educational...
In Zimbabwe, the discourse on access and quality in education has been a raging one since the colonial days of bottlenecks and outright discrimination against black Zimbabweans in education. The doors to education were declared open to all at independence in 1980 with the new Zimbabwe government's enunciated policy of education for all. It is an uncontested fact that strides were made soon after independence to address issues of quality and access in education. However, with the prosecution of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Access to Education, Educational Quality, Secondary Schools, Land...
There is a lack of data about the levels of satisfaction among medical students in regards to their academic activities in Malaysia. Therefore, the objective of this study was to fill the gap in the existing knowledge. A cross sectional study was carried out at the International medical school, the Management and Science University of Malaysia, from December 2011 to February 2012. A total of 200 medical students were participated in this study through random sampling. The questionnaires used in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Medical Students, Student Attitudes, Learning Activities,...
The aim of the paper is to find the competitiveness of Latvian university graduates in Latvia and the European Union labour market concerning aspects of entrepreneurship education. To achieve the purpose of this study to determine the competitive and qualitative levels of Latvian universities and necessary improvements that need to be made, a survey of 4,909 graduates (from the years 2006-2011) representing six Latvia universities was performed between November-December, 2011. Results indicate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Quality, Higher Education, Competition, College...
University education confronts students with stressful developmental challenges that can lead to mental health problems. Innovative programs must address an increasing prevalence of these problems but are impeded by the high costs involved. In this study, thirty-nine undergraduate students attended weekly one hour mindfulness meditation tutorials during a single (14 week) semester. Tutorials involved 40 minutes of guided meditation, followed by open-ended discussions on mindfulness and related...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Metacognition, Multiple Regression Analysis, Correlation, Mental Health, Mental...
International youth work in Europe (i.e. non-formal learning) demands a renewal of the prominent intercultural theory and framework in the youth field in order to cope with contemporary questions concerning pluralism and global challenges. This article provides a new theoretical framework for intercultural learning that departs from a complex, multicultural, social reality. Furthermore, the article explores how young people today experience international youth exchanges as arenas for learning...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Multicultural Education, Informal Education, Cultural Pluralism,...
The goals of a Liberal Studies education are designed to prepare citizens to live responsible, productive, and creative lives in a changing world. Ideally, a liberal education fosters well-grounded intellectuals with dispositions toward learning and an acceptance of responsibility regarding their ideas and actions. To measure the efficacy of a Liberal Studies education, a Midwestern regional university developed a systematic, rubric-guided assessment based on nationally recognized science...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Models, Science Achievement, Inquiry, General Education,...
This study is aimed at comparing the effects of teaching English to Thai undergraduate teacher-students through cross-curricular thematic instruction program based on multiple intelligence theory and through conventional instruction. Two experimental groups, which utilized Randomized True Control Group-Pretest-posttest Time Series Design and statistical data analysis using MANOVA with repeated measures, t-test for independent samples, basic statistical analysis and figures, showed significantly...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Second...
Little is known about what inspires students to be involved in their doctoral process and stay persistent when facing challenges. This study explored the nature of students' engagement in the doctoral work. Altogether, 21 behavioural sciences doctoral students from one top-level research community were interviewed. The interview data were qualitatively content analysed. The doctoral students described their engagement in terms of experiences of dedication and efficiency. They rarely reported...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Graduate Students, Theses, Academic Persistence, Learner Engagement, Behavioral...
Internet occupies a significant place in every individual's life. For the students particularly at post graduation level, internet plays vital role in gathering more and more information related to their academics work. Internet enables the student to search any job, course available in the institution organization and help to apply any form and to take admission in any institution online. The common notion envisages the message that the PG students are aware of the modern technologies (ICT)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Internet, Graduate Students, Knowledge Level, Technological Literacy, Media Literacy,...
The students are the consumers as well as co-creators of knowledge. Information does not flow top-down any more. Networks, peers and students inquisitiveness teach students. Teachers act as filters. Collaboration is the key. In today's world for the netgen, knowingly or unknowingly technology and the free flow of information via internet has made young mind wanting. Over the last few decades, everything has changed in our lives with the all pervasive intervention of technology. However...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Global Approach, Classroom Techniques, Classroom Environment, Teacher Student...
In an era of accountability, teachers must be prepared to adapt to the variability they encounter in today's classrooms. Instead of knowing only routine responses to the challenges of practice, teachers need a repertoire that is characterized by adaptive expertise. Preservice preparation can foster teacher candidates' adaptive expertise through the use of ePortfolios as web-based learning communities built upon reflection and feedback. This article reviews the literature on adaptive expertise...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Publishing, Portfolios (Background Materials), Teacher Competencies,...
This study examined preservice teacher attitudes toward and expected technology integration practices as compared to in-service teachers' attitudes toward and actual (self-reported) practice of technology integration. The preservice teachers revealed a greater level of confidence in their ability to integrate technology and more positive beliefs in the benefits of using technology to improve teaching and learning than did in-service teachers. However, these differences were not evidenced when...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teachers, Experienced Teachers, Student Teacher Attitudes, Teacher...
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This lesson plan designed for grade 2 students has the goal of teaching students about the environmental practice of recycling. Children will learn language words related to recycling such as: "we can recycle"/"we can't recycle" and how to avoid littering with such words as: "recycle paper" and/or "don't throw papers". Students will develop awareness skills by classifying the type of rubbish that "can/can't be recycled" and will create posters...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Lesson Plans, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students, Primary...
In the last two decades, investigating the sources of foreign language anxiety in general has increasingly attracted the attention of many researchers in the field of foreign language teaching. However, the sources of anxiety that influence the acquisition of certain specific language skills such as reading in particular have rarely been investigated. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore and understand the underlying problems and factors that contribute to reading anxiety faced by EFL...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Reading,...
The scope of this paper is to present the development of a web-based evaluation system that adjusts to the level of knowledge of each student. The underlying concept is to split the questions into pools (bins) of distinct difficulty at the same time assigning a different level of accuracy to each possible answer that the student may select. Given the weighted success score computed at each round, the system raises or lowers the level of the questions asked in the following round, thus adjusting...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Greek, Poetry, Student Evaluation, Scores, Difficulty Level, Prediction,...
Australia is proud of its rich and varied array of the Arts depicting a range of cultural diversity formed by ongoing migration. Although the complex issues of dance, culture and identity are interconnected, forming a multicultural society in Australia, dance education is a powerful platform to transmit and promote togetherness where understanding and respect is shared in dance practice. The focus of this article is on dance education as part of multicultural arts education within teacher...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Dance Education, Multicultural Education, Student Teacher...
Recent technological developments allow any instructor to create audio and video lectures for the use in online classes. However, it is questionable if it is worth the time and effort that faculty put into preparing those lectures. This paper presents thirteen factors that should be considered before preparing and using audio and video lectures in online classes. In addition, recommendations for when and how to use lectures in online classes are presented. [This paper was presented at the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teaching Methods, Online Courses, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in...
In his 1918 orienting work, The Higher Learning in America, Veblen highlights two primary aims of the higher education institution: (a) scientific and scholarly inquiry, and (b) the instruction of students (Veblen, 1918). As of 2006, this overarching mission remained intact. In contemporary literature, a common measure of the efficacy of the latter of these two goals is an institution's graduation rates. Previous research asserts admissions criteria to be the dominant predictor of graduation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Graduation Rate, Higher Education, Demography, Admission Criteria, School Statistics,...
This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Delaware's Year 2 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation from approximately September 2011 through September 2012. Despite some implementation challenges and delays during the second year of the grant, Delaware has made significant strides toward accomplishing its Race to the Top goals. Delaware Department of Education's...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Accountability, Achievement Gap,...
"Louisiana Believes" is the state's comprehensive plan to ensure every student is on track to a professional career or a college degree. This annual report details Louisiana's progress toward that objective during the 2012-2013 school year, along with strategy for the coming school year. "Louisiana Believes" has three components: (1) Belief in Children; (2) Belief in Educators; and (3) Belief in Family.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Children, Child Development, Educational Quality, Teacher Competencies, Family...
Since 9/11, Saudi Arabia has made significant attempts to change its public image because of its alleged association with global terrorism. Given its charitable interests in promoting education as a tool for peace within the Arab region, it has established the King Abdullah Scholarship Program (KASP), considered to be the most heavily endowed overseas scholarship program ever offered by a nation-state. Since 2005, over 120,000 Saudi university students have been financed by this scholarship to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Public Opinion, Terrorism, Peace, Scholarships, Student Financial...
Current research and professional organizations call for greater emphasis on reasoning and sense making in algebra (Chazan, 2000; Cuoco, Goldenberg, & Mark, 1996; Harel & Sowder, 2005; National Council of Teachers of Mathematics [NCTM], 2009, 2010). This paper illustrates how students in an Algebra II class had opportunities to develop their reasoning and sense making skills while discussing a problem about piecewise linear functions in small groups. In particular, students displayed a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Logical Thinking, Mathematical Logic, Mathematics Instruction, Thinking Skills,...
The last several decades have made clear that large numbers of immigrants still see America as a land of opportunity--and this influx of students has had a strong impact on the K-12 educational system. Most of the million-pupil increase in the public school population in the decade between 2001 and 2011 is due to the increase in English language learners, both those born in this country, whose home languages are not English, and school-age students who immigrate to the United States (Aud et al....
Topics: ERIC Archive, High School Students, Global Approach, High School Freshmen, Models, Immigrants,...
After a brief discussion of the importance of publishing in academic journals, this paper provides an overview of studies on writing for publication of NNES (non-native English speaking) writers. Based on the related literature, different language problems facing NNES contributors, from the perspective of both NNES writers and journal editors, as well as strategies used to cope with challenges in writing for publication will be discussed.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Writing for Publication, Journal Articles, English (Second Language), Second Language...
Dual eye-tracking measures enable novel ways to test predictions about collaborative learning. For example, the research project we are engaging in uses measures of gaze recurrence to help understand how collaboration may differ when students are completing various learning activities focused on different learning objectives. Specifically, we hypothesize that collaboration may be particularly beneficial for facilitating the development of conceptual knowledge, but perhaps less optimal for the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Eye Movements, Cooperative Learning, Hypothesis Testing, Learning Activities, Concept...
Four organizations with promising practices in teacher Professional Growth & Support have significantly raised outcomes for low-income students. The charter management networks, Achievement First and Aspire Public Schools, and the two reform organizations, Teach Plus and Agile Mind, have successfully increased student achievement with a sustained focus on teaching effectiveness and capacity. As these organizations respond to the challenges of Common Core standards, invest heavily in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Academic Achievement, Educational Resources, Educational Strategies,...
As a regular feature in "Teaching & Learning Inquiry," we will ask leading thinkers in the field of SoTL to articulate one important lesson they have learned over the course of their careers. In this first installment, Joy Mighty talks about leadership in its numerous forms, from individual to institutional, and its potential for the development of SoTL. Before becoming the Associate Vice-­President, Teaching and Learning, at Carleton University in Ottawa, Joy was the Director of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Scholarship, Instruction, Learning, Leadership, Higher Education, College Faculty,...
Results from the 2013 NAEP assessments show fourth- and eighth-graders making progress in mathematics and reading. Nationally representative samples of more than 376,000 fourth-graders and 341,000 eighth-graders were assessed in either mathematics or reading in 2013. Results are reported for public and private school students in the nation, and for public school students in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Department of Defense schools. This snapshot report covers the overall...
Topics: ERIC Archive, National Surveys, Educational Indicators, Educational Assessment, Reading...
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), in partnership with the National Assessment Governing Board and the Council of the Great City Schools (CGCS), created the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) in 2002 to support the improvement of student achievement in the nation's large urban districts. NAEP TUDA results in mathematics and reading are based on representative samples of 1,100 to 2,300 public school students at grade 4 and 900 to 2,100 public school students at grade 8...
Topics: ERIC Archive, National Surveys, Educational Indicators, Educational Assessment, Mathematics...
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), in partnership with the National Assessment Governing Board and the Council of the Great City Schools (CGCS), created the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) in 2002 to support the improvement of student achievement in the nation's large urban districts. NAEP TUDA results in mathematics and reading are based on representative samples of 1,100 to 2,300 public school students at grade 4 and 900 to 2,100 public school students at grade 8...
Topics: ERIC Archive, National Surveys, Educational Indicators, Educational Assessment, Mathematics...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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The use of information and communication technology has grown at an unprecedented rate and provides a revolutionary way of learning because specific information is easy to find on the Internet. One of the technology approaches in learning is e-learning or electronic learning. Whereas in the U.S., e-learning has become very popular in the recent years as, in Slovakia e-learning is far from being widely used as most of the universities in Slovakia offer only in-class courses and use information...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electronic Learning, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Higher...
Social e-learning is a process through which learners achieve their learning goals via social interactions with each other by sharing knowledge, skills, abilities and educational materials. Adaptive e-learning enables adaptation and personalization of the learning process, based on learner needs, knowledge, preferences and other characteristics. In this paper, we present a case study that analyzes the social interaction features of a social personalized adaptive e-learning system developed at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Electronic Learning, Socialization, Case Studies, Interpersonal...
This study addresses closing the academic performance gaps between African American and Latino students and their White counterparts, and between girls and boys in mathematics. Of the various models and theories of these social inequalities that have been advanced in literature, one particularly compelling line of research concerns the idea of "stereotype threat"--the apprehension individuals experience when confronted with a personally relevant stereotype that threatens their social...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gap, Self Concept, African American Students, Hispanic American Students,...
Although research on the effectiveness of differentiated and enriched instruction in improving the achievement of diverse students is still emerging, some studies suggest that students in academically diverse classrooms benefited academically from differentiated learning experiences. The primary research question explored in this study was "What is the impact of implementing the pre-differentiated mathematics curricula in algebra, geometry and measurement, and graphing and data analysis on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Program Effectiveness, Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary...
Utilizing longitudinal data of 3477 students from 28 institutions, we examine the effects of structural diversity and quality of interracial relation on students' persistence towards graduation within six years. We utilize multilevel discrete-time survival analysis to account for the longitudinal persistence patterns as well as the nested structure of students within institutions. Compared with white students, African American and Latino/a students had much lower odds of persisting to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Time to Degree, Longitudinal Studies, College Environment, Academic Persistence,...
This paper discusses a cultural exchange project that is being conducted between classrooms at the Songwon Elementary School in South Korea and the Lee School in Massachusetts, USA. As its main communication tool between the students in the two countries, this project uses VoiceThread--an audiovisual discussion tool that can serve as an ideal match for specific learning and reflection tasks. Through the arts, media, and technology elements that are embedded in this project, students in the two...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Exchange Programs, Elementary Schools, Audiovisual Aids, Cultural...
This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Stamford Public Schools (SPS). The purpose was to closely analyze district capacity to support system-wide instructional improvement. Specifically, this phase focused on a single, overarching question: to what extent has the district central office adopted and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Districts, Public Schools, Instructional Improvement, Capacity Building,...
The Office of Shared Accountability (OSA) joined with the Office of Special Education and Student Services (OSESS) to gather feedback from parents of students who receive special education services. The goal was to use the information to improve services and implement staff development. This brief concerns a pilot study for gathering parent feedback; overall, the results were very positive. The pilot study focused on parents' experiences at Individualized Education Program (IEP) team meetings....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Parent Attitudes, Feedback (Response), Special Education, Individualized Education...
"Have We Identified Effective Teachers? Validating Measures of Effective Teaching Using Random Assignment" tested whether a measure created by study authors could identify teachers who are effective at increasing student achievement. The authors used 2009-10 school year data to create a single composite measure of teacher effectiveness; this composite measure included estimates of teacher value-added to student test scores, data from classroom observations of teachers, and responses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Measures (Individuals), Test Validity,...
While both the U.S. Department of Education (ED) and he U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) base their services and eligibility criteria on the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (hereafter referred to as "The McKinney-Vento Act"), each agency uses a different definition of "homeless" due to differences in the federal statute. This brief is designed for staff of homeless assistance programs and members of Continuums of Care (CoCs) funded by HUD, as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Youth, Children, Housing, Homeless People, Agency Cooperation, Federal Legislation,...
The role of competencies is discussed with respect to science teaching. In particular, competence models from Germany, Switzerland and Austria are presented and compared. A special topical program, "Competencies in Mathematics and Science Teaching", was started in Austria three years ago. Initial experiences with this program are reported, specifically with regard to how the teachers adopt this new idea of competencies and which kind of support is appreciated. Two aspects of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Education, Teaching Methods, Teacher Competencies, Program Evaluation,...
This conceptual model introduces a process to help school counselors use data to drive decision making and offers examples to implement the process. A step-by-step process is offered to help school counselors and school counselor supervisors address educational issues, close achievement gaps, and demonstrate program effectiveness. To illustrate the model, stakeholders use accountability strategies that address academic achievement issues, empower school counselors to be change agents, and build...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Action Research, Data, Decision Making, School Counseling, Accountability, Academic...
The "Professional Growth & Support System Self-Assessment" is designed to help school systems evaluate their current Professional Growth & Support strategy. The self-assessment is organized around the "Eight Principles of Strategic Professional Growth & Support." Each section allows school leaders to identify the statement that most closely aligns with their system's current reality, and rate each principle. School leaders can use this assessment to prioritize...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Professional Development, Self Evaluation (Groups), Teacher Evaluation, Alignment...
Within Professional Learning Teams, or PLTs, teachers actively collaborate, share expertise, improve their skills, examine and use various forms of data, and learn from each other--all for the purpose of improved student learning. Over the years the concept of PLTs has become increasingly familiar to Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) education professionals as a "best practice" to foster professional growth and increase student achievement. Since 2007-08, WCPSS has deployed the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communities of Practice, Teacher Collaboration, Public Schools, Surveys, School...
The United States faces an increasing gap between the skills possessed by its workforce and those that are necessary to succeed in the 21st century economy. This gap poses a threat to the financial wellbeing of low-skilled American workers and their families and to the nation's long-term economic growth. Recognizing the threat posed by these economic realities and demographic trends, the Joyce Foundation launched the Shifting Gears initiative to bolster efforts in six Midwest states to help...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Semiskilled Workers, Adult Basic Education, Community Colleges, Technical Institutes,...