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This paper reviews skill development in science and technology education, which is of crucial importance for sustainable development in Nigeria. The relevant concepts are introduced and robust argumentation is made with respect to the context of Nigeria.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Skill Development, Science Education, Technology Education,...
Introduction: This paper reports on doctoral research which investigated the online research behaviour of family historians, from the overall perspective of local studies collections and developing online services for family historians. Method: A hybrid (primarily ethnographic) study was employed using qualitative diaries and shadowing, to examine research behaviour. Twenty-three family historians completed paper-based diaries over a six-month period, capturing their research behaviour. Eleven...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Genealogy, Historians, Online Searching, Research, Behavior, Ethnography, Qualitative...
The "Study of Deeper Learning: Opportunities and Outcomes," funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, is a "proof-of-concept" study to determine whether students attending high schools with a mature and at least moderately well-implemented approach to promoting "deeper learning" experience greater deeper learning opportunities and outcomes than they would have had they not attended these schools. The study examined high schools associated with ten...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Critical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Educational Opportunities, Outcomes of Education,...
Language students often struggle to understand the logic in foreign language grammar, reducing their ability to reproduce and create texts on their own. There are several reasons for this; everything from the methodology to lack of motivation might influence the situation. Since the 1980's, Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) has become one of the fastest-growing areas of development in language learning and teaching. Several point to new technology as a great possibility in the area of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Computer Assisted Instruction,...
We have developed the traditional science fair format into an ocean science fair model that promoted the integration of Western science and Alaska Native traditional knowledge in student projects focused on the ocean, aquatic environments, and climate change. The typical science fair judging criteria for the validity and presentation of the science were expanded to include criteria for cultural and/or community relevance, and local and cultural experts were involved in judging. The Center for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Fairs, Oceanography, Models, Student Projects, Indigenous Knowledge,...
In the U.S., STEM subjects--science, technology, engineering, and math--face urgent needs for great STEM teachers and well-educated students. An Opportunity Culture can help by extending the reach of excellent STEM teachers already in our schools and creating a teaching profession that attracts and retains these teachers through higher pay, within regular budgets, and multiple advancement opportunities. The Education Leaders' Brief summarizes the grim facts about STEM employment and learning in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, STEM Education, Demand Occupations, Labor Market, Supply and Demand, Teacher...
Food and beverage marketing often appears throughout schools in the form of posters, vending machine fronts, in-school television advertisements, school newspapers, textbook covers, sports equipment, and scoreboards. Many foods marketed in schools are of poor nutritional quality. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Institute of Medicine, and American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that school districts implement policies and practices to promote foods and beverages that support...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Marketing, Food, School Districts, Board of Education Policy, Health Promotion,...
The purpose of this study was to explore and to understand the daily life experiences of 8 women doctoral students who were in pursuit of their doctorates. A partially mixed concurrent dominant status design was utilized in this study embedded within a mixed methods phenomenological research lens and driven by a critical dialectical pluralistic philosophical stance. Specifically, these 8 students were interviewed individually to examine their lived experiences as doctoral students. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Graduate Students, Doctoral Programs, Doctoral Degrees, Females, Student Experience,...
Leadership in Educational Technology is a relatively new field that is changing as fast as technology itself. Success for an educational leader includes maintaining a firm grasp of how to diagnose the needs of a district, a school, or a classroom while aligning policies, procedures, and protocols into a format that will empower the individual teacher efficacy and student learning outcomes. Being a leader in educational technology includes more than incorporating new technologies into the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Best Practices, Educational Technology, Leadership Qualities, Leadership...
This article presents a case study of a technology-enhanced face-to-face health sciences course in which the principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) were applied. Students were offered a variety of means of representation, engagement, and expression throughout the course, and were surveyed and interviewed at the end of the term to identify how the UDL- inspired course attributes influenced their perceptions of course accessibility. Students responded very positively to the course...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Higher Education, Undergraduate Study, Health Sciences, Health...
We describe how our teaching and learning centre developed a model, founded on Boyer's notion of scholarship, to explore the nature of the teaching-research nexus. At the core of this model is the Inquiry Network, a faculty learning community whose members moved from exploring the links between their own teaching and research to creating institution-wide resources to promote student learning. Working together, the members of the community developed a framework for learning outcomes that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Scholarship, Research Universities, Teacher Researchers, Models,...
As a language skill, writing has had, still has and will continue to have an important role in shaping the scientific structure of human life in that it is the medium through which scientific content is stored, retained, and transmitted. It has therefore been a major concern for writing teachers and researchers to find a reliable method for evaluating and ensuring quality writing. This paper addresses the different approaches to scoring writing and classifies them into "a priori"...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Writing Skills, Writing Evaluation, Scoring, Holistic Approach, Evaluation Methods,...
This experimental study investigated the effects of cooperative learning on the achievement and knowledge retention of 110 first-year primary education students toward the psychology subject over the eight weeks of instruction at An Giang University. These tertiary students were divided into two matched groups of 55 to be taught by the same lecturer. In the experimental group, cooperative learning was employed, while in the control group, lecture-based teaching was used. The results showed that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Cooperative Learning, Academic Achievement, Retention...
This paper is theoretical in orientation and explores the limitations of the current field of mathematics education which has been dominated by social theories of learning. It is proposed that the field is approaching its limits for these theories and there is a need for shift that moves from the idiosyncratic possibilities of subjective meaning making and identity formation to a more profound position of "knowledge making." There have been few, if any, advances in equity target group...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Education, Social Theories, Learning Theories, Models,...
In this paper we examine the relationships between students' attitudes towards mathematics and technology, therefore, we take a Galbraith and Hines' scale (1998, 2000) about mathematics confidence, computer confidence, computer and mathematics interaction, mathematics motivation, computer motivation, and mathematics engagement. 164 questionnaires were applied to undergraduate students of several profiles: business and management, mecatronic engineering, industrial engineering, strategic system...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, College Students, Student Attitudes, Computer Attitudes, Self...
In 2008, the Australian Government established the Artist-in-Residence (AiR) program as a four-year $5.2m initiative to improve young people's access to quality arts education. Managed by State and Territory Government Education and Arts Departments, the program funded professional artists-in-residence in schools, early childhood centres and universities for a minimum of one month. One of the core principles of the program, which made it distinct from other programs for arts in schools in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Capital, Foreign Countries, Artists, Cooperation, Educational Quality, Art...
Over a period of six years, three different types of recitation sessions were implemented into the large enrollment section of a college calculus course. During the fall semesters, the results on the departmental final examination, the DFW rates, and the one-year retention rates of students as STEM majors were examined by the type of recitation session used with the large enrollment section. The three types of recitation sessions studied were: (1) optional mentoring sessions at the Math...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Calculus, Academic Persistence, Mathematics Instruction, Mentors, STEM Education,...
Recognizing the importance of both keeping middle school students engaged and improving their math skills, Baltimore City Public Schools (City Schools) developed a summer school STEM program involving not only math and science instruction but also the experience of building a robot and competing with those robots in a city-wide tournament. Underlying the intervention's logic model was the belief that hands-on activities like robotics can build a sense of competence and value in academic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Urban Schools, Summer Programs, Robotics, Mathematics Skills, STEM Education, Middle...
European qualifications framework (EQF) levels reveal what a learner knows, understands, and can do at the end of a learning experience. Thanks to the comprehensive nature of the EQF, these learning outcomes can also provide policy-makers with a fine mesh of data about each particular level and every kind of qualification. Nowhere is this mesh more intricate than at level 5, where learning outcomes cut across several subsystems. Moreover, these qualifications serve to test the degree of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Qualifications, Knowledge Level, Outcomes of Education,...
As the value of multi-disciplinary working in the business and research worlds is becoming more recognised, the number of inter-disciplinary postgraduate environmental and health sciences courses is also increasing. Equally, the popularity of problem-based learning (PBL) is expected to grow and influence instructional approaches in many disciplines. However, very limited research has been conducted to explore the perception of students of PBL in inter- or multi-disciplinary environments;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Problem Based Learning, Interdisciplinary Approach, Environmental...
Place value notation is essential to mathematics learning. This study examined young children's (4- to 6-year-olds, N = 172) understanding of place value prior to explicit schooling by asking them write spoken numbers (e.g., "six hundred and forty-two"). Children's attempts often consisted of "expansions" in which the proper digits were written in order but with 0s or other insertions marking place (e.g., "600402" or "610042"). This partial knowledge...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preschool Children, Mathematics Education, Numeracy, Age Differences, Gender...
A study of 215 athletes at a small private liberal arts Division III college revealed that athletes (a) begin their college experience with SATs no different from non-athletes; (b) attain GPAs that do not significantly differ from those of nonathletes; (c) achieve GPAs that do not significantly differ between their "in-season" semester and their "off-season" semester, and (d) perceive their GPA as important to their college and future success. These results indicate that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, College Athletics, Grade Point Average, Questionnaires,...
In this article Shaleigh Page and Julie Clarke explore the use of reflection journals as an important tool to improve student attitudes to mathematics in the primary classroom. They share some useful ideas that include reflection sentence starters and the use of specific reflection questions.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Journal...
The purpose of this study was to examine Japanese parents of children with disabilities' perceptions towards special education in the United States. This study included 40 participants who were born and raised in Japan and they are now living in the United States. The results revealed that most Japanese parents still maintained some negative perceptions towards special education from its history of labeling individuals with disabilities as "abnormal" in Japanese culture. Moreover, a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Parents, Disabilities, Children, Special Education, Negative Attitudes, Parent...
The Common Core State Standards present the greatest opportunity in decades to improve the quality of education afforded to all students. Uniformly raising standards across the majority of states and increasing the rigor of assessments sets an ambitious bar of college and career readiness for all students. Furthermore, assessing students against this more difficult benchmark will shine a bright light on schools and districts that are struggling to provide the caliber of education necessary for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Common Core State Standards, Student Evaluation, College Readiness, Career Readiness,...
In India, usage of internet in education is not an innovation, but it is still considered to be in initial stages. Government of India has taken a lot of initiatives for the implementation of e-learning at all the levels of education from past many years, but still teacher education programmes around the nation continue to be challenged to prepare prospective teachers for using technology meaningfully in their instruction, as they are not yet prepared to do so. National Curriculum Framework for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Education Curriculum, Electronic Learning, Technology Uses...
This study investigates the relationship between prior knowledge and reading comprehension in second language among postgraduate students in UPM. Participants in the study were 20 students who have the same level in English as a second language from several faculties. On the basis of a prior-knowledge questionnaire and test, students were selected; they were asked to sit a two-passage reading comprehension exam. According to the questionnaire and the short prior quiz, students had high prior...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Comprehension, Prior Learning, Graduate Students, English (Second Language),...
Modern data collection in the Earth Sciences has propelled the need for understanding signal processing and time-series analysis techniques. However, there is an educational disconnect in the lack of instruction of time-series analysis techniques in many Earth Science academic departments. Furthermore, there are no platform-independent freeware tools available for teaching Earth signals analysis. In order to address these issues, we developed the "Java-Digital Signal Processing/Earth...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Data Collection, Earth Science, Climate, Environmental Education, Telecommunications,...
New Texas literacy laws mandate continuing education requirements for educators who teach dyslexic students. Close to twenty percent of the US population display one or more symptoms of dyslexia (Washburn, Joshi, & Binks-Cantrell, 2011), and teachers must be equipped to adapt instruction to meet these students' needs. The purpose of this article is to promote an understanding of dyslexia through the eyes of Hank Zipzer, a character in a popular children's book series. Hank's experiences...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Professional Continuing Education, Faculty Development, Dyslexia, Teacher...
Articles in the National Association for Science Teachers [NSTA] elementary journal "Science and Children" that describe an activity related to teaching nature of science [NOS] were analysed to ascertain the extent to which those activities align with research based suggestions for teaching NOS and the extent to which articles have potential for informing teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge [PCK] for teaching NOS. The results showed that the majority of activities focused on broad...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Instruction, Scientific Principles, Periodicals, Journal Articles, Elementary...
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Connecticut's 2013 student achievement in mathematics. In 2013, the average score of twelfth-grade students in Connecticut was 160. This was higher than the average score of 152 for public school...
Topics: ERIC Archive, National Surveys, Educational Indicators, Educational Assessment, Mathematics...
This article addresses development for information literacy (IL) practice through building internal library organizational culture. Using an analysis of relevant literature and reflection on lived experience, the authors explore issues and concepts for instruction librarians and leaders to consider as they advance and sustain IL initiatives. Through a lens of second order change the article proposes change agency theory and organizational development as theoretical approaches; calling on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Information Literacy, Organizational Change, Organizational Culture, Academic...
University of Arizona's Marta Civil has been studying the complexities of bridging in-school and out-of-school mathematics for some time, during which she has raised specific questions related to connecting in-school and out-of-school mathematics (Civil, 2002, 2007, 2014). These questions have to do with "What is mathematics?" "Where is the mathematics?" "How are different mathematical practices valued, by whom, and where?" In Civil (2014) she raised further...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Instruction, Hispanic American Students,...
The present study aimed to examine how Business English courses are conducted in the Thai Higher Education, and to investigate students' perceptions toward the instructional management of the courses in their universities. The participants were four instructors, and one hundred and forty students enrolling in the courses of four universities in the Bangkok metropolitan areas and the suburbs. The course syllabuses were analyzed, and the questionnaire was administered for data collection. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Business English, English for Special Purposes, Second Language...
This paper addresses the lack of research into satisfaction assessment of post-graduate students of the Blended Distance Learning Master's Course for Teachers of German as a Foreign Language offered by the Hellenic Open University. Through the compilation of previous questionnaires implemented for other DL programs and newly defined research problems in one online survey tool, this paper seeks to pin-point the correlation of initial expectance and final assessment of the blended course. Survey...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, German, Second Language Learning, Graduate Students, Student Attitudes,...
In this exploratory study the researchers examined examine the value of exposure to the spelling and pronunciation of word forms when introducing the meanings of new and difficult vocabulary words. Researchers randomly assigned kindergarten English learners to one of two types of storybook reading delivered by tutors. Students received individual storybook reading. Students in both treatments listened to short stories containing novel target words. In both groups, students were told the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Spelling, Vocabulary, Pronunciation, Difficulty Level, Kindergarten, English Language...
It's been said that men are paid more than women are paid over their lifetimes. But what does that mean? Are women paid less because they choose lower-paying jobs? Is it because more women work part time than men do? Or is it because women tend to be the primary caregivers for their children? AAUW's "The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap" succinctly addresses these issues by going beyond the widely reported 78 percent statistic. The report explains the pay gap in the United...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Gender Differences, Gender Discrimination, Comparable Worth, Salary Wage...
Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference on the Teaching of Psychology: Ideas and Innovations, sponsored by the Psychology Department of Farmingdale State College. The conference theme for 2014 was:" Infusing Issues of Racial, Religious, and Sexuality Diversity Across the Undergraduate Curriculum." The Conference featured a keynote address by Regan A. R. Gurung, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, entitled "Models, Modalities, and the Means to Address Diversity in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Psychology, College Curriculum, Undergraduate Study, Cultural Differences,...
TNTP has been investigating the importance of school environment and leadership practices using a survey tool called "Instructional Culture Insight," which measures teachers' perceptions of their school environments. In "Greenhouse Schools: How Schools Can Build Cultures Where Teachers and Students Thrive (2012)," TNTP found that school culture matters for the retention of high-performing teachers and for student achievement overall, and a handful of elements that seem to be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Charter Schools, Urban Schools, School Culture, Instructional Leadership, Comparative...
School discipline has been a subject of national attention both inside and outside the field of education for years. Efforts to improve how schools and communities work together to address student discipline have shown the potential for creative and effective solutions that provide better outcomes for all--students, families, educators, and communities. Recently the U.S. Department of Justice and the U.S. Department of Education formed a unique partnership to issue joint guidance to schools on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discipline Policy, School Policy, Student Behavior, Zero Tolerance Policy,...
With research indicating that upwards of 50 percent of all new entering postsecondary education students are placed into remedial education and that students placed into remedial education are less likely to earn a postsecondary credential, policymakers and postsecondary leaders alike have committed themselves to transforming remedial education in their states. New research revealing the underlying causes of low success rates for remedial education students has led to promising new models that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Support Services, Remedial Programs, Postsecondary Education, Developmental...
On September 12th, Ohio released school report-card ratings for the 2013-14 school year. This report compiles and analyzes the statewide data, with special attention given to the quality of public schools in the Ohio Big Eight urban areas: Akron, Canton, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton, Toledo, and Youngstown (both district and charter school sectors). Using the state's key report-card measures, the performance-index and value-added ratings, we assess the overall quality of each public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Report Cards, Educational Assessment, Educational Quality, Public Schools, Urban...
For the past several decades, a perennial topic on surveys about education has been school choice. Interest in public opinion about choice is more than just "nice to know." The results are often used to support or oppose choice in general or specific choice initiatives under consideration or adopted by state legislatures and even school boards. Until recently, however, surveys about school choice have been limited in their scope and not particularly sophisticated, reducing their...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Choice, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, State...
Each issue of this annual newsletter focuses on a particular area of the Kettering Foundation's research. The 2014 issue focuses on taking stock of the civic arena, which includes organized projects in civic renewal, civic engagement, civic education, and civic capacity building in communities. This issue contains the following articles that address whether any of this civic stocktaking is looking at what is happening in democracy and assesses the implications: (1) What's Going On Here? Taking...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizen Participation, Citizenship Education, Capacity Building, Democracy, Private...
Many school district strategic plans and education conferences are aggressively embracing technology to improve teaching and learning. Classroom technology typically includes blended learning, personalized learning, online courses for students, and professional development for teachers, among many other things. As districts wrestle with tighter budgets and higher academic standards, a different kind of technology might create game-changing transformation in the education sector: management...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Technology Uses in Education, Management Information Systems, School Districts,...
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the use of Readers' Theatre to improve the reading ability of elementary students receiving special education services. In this study, two groups of students were chosen to participate based on their academic Reading levels and their placement in the Special Education program. The students' exceptionalities included Specific Learning Disability (SLD), Other Heath Impairment (OHI), and Autism (AUT). All of the students who participated were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Theater Arts, Reading, Special Education, Elementary School Students, Reading...
National efforts to address the degree completion goals of the country cannot succeed without focusing on strategies to improve the educational attainment of Latinos. Latinos are the nation's second largest racial or ethnic group, and growing. Compared to other racial/ethnic populations, however, Latinos have lower rates of educational attainment and lower rates of degree completion, on average. Latinos also comprise a growing proportion of the workforce, and so it is important to consider...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Hispanic American Students, College Students, Higher Education, Prior Learning,...
Synergy may be defined as the collaboration between two or more parties to produce a combined effect greater than the sum of their separate parts. That is exactly what happened in Denton, Texas, when all types of librarians collaborated on a community reading initiative. In 2007 Denton Reads--a One Book, One Community organization--was formed with librarians from the Denton Independent School District (Denton ISD), the Denton Public Library, the University of North Texas (UNT), and Texas...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Inquiry, School Community Programs, School Community Relationship, Reading Programs,...
This study's aim is to measure the effect sizes of the quantitative studies that examined the effectiveness of brain-based learning on students' academic achievement and to examine with the meta-analytical method if there is a significant difference in effect in terms of the factors of education level, subject matter, sampling size, and the countries where the studies were carried out. Meta-analysis is the method employed in order to statistically combine the quantitative data collected from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Meta Analysis, Statistical Analysis, Brain, Teaching Methods, Effect Size,...
Ninety-seven education students majoring or minoring in mathematics had their math homework examined in a Number Theory or Abstract Algebra course. Each student's homework was observed for the purpose of identifying common errors and misconceptions when writing mathematical proofs. The results showed that students collectively made four recurring errors: assuming the conclusion in order to prove the conclusion, proving general statements using specific examples, not proving both conditions in a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Education Majors, Mathematics Education, Homework,...
Educational institutions rapidly adopt concepts and practices of online learning systems for students. But many institutions' online learning programs face enormous difficulty in achieving successful strategies. It is essential to evaluate its different aspects and understand factors which influence its effectiveness. Readiness stands out among the variables that influence online learning effectiveness. Therefore, it is important to examine online learning readiness (OLR) and students'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Student Characteristics, Electronic Learning, Instructional...
In this article, the author examines Dewey's moral deliberation. Liu argues that Dewey's work will enrich both character education and Kohlberg's moral education. Liu focuses on character education and on Kohlberg's moral education because these are the two dominant approaches. Character education seeks to cultivate good character as the true aim of education. Kohlberg's moral education focuses on promoting the development of children's moral judgment. Character education has been criticized...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Values Education, Moral Values, Citizenship Education, Children, Value Judgment,...
The advent of massive open online courses (MOOCs) has created opportunities for learning that are clearly in high demand, but the direction in which MOOCs should evolve to best meet the interests and needs of learners is less apparent. Motivated by our interest in whether there are potential and purpose for archived MOOCs to be used as learning resources beyond and between instructor-led live-sessions, we examined the use of a statistics MOOC and a computer science MOOC, both of which were made...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Online Courses, Large Group Instruction, Intention, Student Behavior, Statistics,...
This study explores how teaching development programs may facilitate the development of intercultural competence in graduate students and prepare them for communicating effectively in the global workplace after graduation. First, we describe the concept of intercultural teaching competence and examine the skills that graduate students may need to cultivate in order to communicate effectively in culturally diverse settings. Then, we discuss the findings of our qualitative study on the impact of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Graduate Students, Cultural Awareness, Intercultural Communication, Interpersonal...
In the light of international interest in teachers' literate identities and practices, this paper addresses the under-researched area of teachers' writing identities. It examines the multimodal interactive discursive practices at play in the writing classroom of a teacher in the UK who, in order to support the pupils, consciously positions herself as a writer in this context, seeking to model engagement through demonstrating writing in whole-class sessions and composing alongside pupils in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Writing Teachers, Writing Instruction, Self Concept, Writing...
This study investigated the longitudinal relations between theory of mind (ToM) understanding, self-perceptions, and perceptions of gender-role orientation in 28 school-aged children, (16 girls, 12 boys, aged 8-12 years). Theory of mind and perceptions of self were assessed at Time 1 (T1, M = 8 y 5 m) and two years later at Time 2 (T2, M = 10 y 4 m). Negative correlation was found between T1 ToM and T2 Perceptions of Moral Self (r = -0.55, p = 0.004). Positive correlations were found between T1...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Longitudinal Studies, Social Development, Emotional Development, Correlation,...
Africa is known for inadequate access to all sorts of human needs including health, education, food, shelter, transport, security, and energy. Before the emergence of massive open online courses (MOOCs), open access to higher education (HE) was exclusive of Africa. However, as a generally affordable method of post-secondary education delivery, MOOCs place the developing countries at the centre of universal access to HE. This paper provides the strategy for MOOC implementation in the context of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Sustainability, Open Education, Online Courses, Mass...
The University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy is nationally recognized for its leadership curriculum. Despite the College's success in developing student leaders, an overall guiding leadership philosophy within the College has not been specifically articulated. To begin the process of developing a shared leadership vision, a democratic, "ground-up" approach to discussing leadership was applied. Over a three-month period, 94 faculty, staff, and graduate students attended eight...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Leadership Styles, College Environment, Strategic Planning, Participative Decision...
The need for appropriately trained teachers to teach in its schools has been a priority for the Department of Education (hereafter referred to as the Department) since the beginning of public education in New South Wales in the 1850s. This paper presents an overview of the provisions made by the Department for the musical development of its primary teachers at both the pre-service and professional development stages of their teaching careers during the middle decades of the twentieth century....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Music Teachers, Foreign Countries, Departments, Elementary School Teachers, Faculty...
This paper reflects upon a discussion via wiki, face-to-face, and telephone concerning the processes involved in the national accreditation of teacher education programs in science. Specifically, five professors and administrators from public and private institutions, across the nation were involved in the discussion. Our collective reflections and a plan put forth to see if other people had the same expectations is discussed in this paper. The study created the basis for a new study to be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Secondary School Science, Science Education, Accreditation (Institutions), National...
There is a large body of literature that suggests that the increase of cultural diversity in schools should be understood as a call for new teaching approaches that promote multicultural awareness among students and where educators and school leaders exhibit culturally responsive organizational practices, behaviors and attitudes (Assaf, Garza, & Battle, 2010; Madhlangobe & Gordon, 2012; Sleeter, 2001). This naturalistic inquiry explores data from three South Texas educators and leaders...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Multicultural Education, Educational Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes, Administrator...
This article presents the research on support needs of the most vulnerable students in nonuniversity higher education. The research results have revealed that older, part-time students who have family and/or work responsibilities focus on academic information and counselling, foreign language training, distance study centre, legal counselling and psychological counselling services. It has also been found that traditional age, full-time students who have no work and/or no family responsibilities...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Student Needs, At Risk Students, Integrated Services, Ancillary...
This article discusses the academic writing challenges of undergraduate students at Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT), South Africa. It examines challenges such as lack of a mastery of academic writing conventions, analysis of writing topics, using writing to construct social identities; ability to research and apply knowledge across different context and poor sentence skills. It also focuses on the implications of these challenges for students' academic development and possible...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Student Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Academic Discourse,...
This study explored student teachers views of factors influencing them to choose teaching as a career. A total of 600 student teachers completed a questionnaire. They were asked to rate the importance of 25 factors in influencing their choice of teaching as a career. Using Factor Analysis, we categorized the 25 factors into three main factors (Intrinsic, Extrinsic, and Altruistic). We found that of the three factors, altruistic motivation seems to be more dominant (Mean = 6.07) than intrinsic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Teachers, Questionnaires, Teaching (Occupation), Occupational Aspiration,...
This paper evaluates the validity of teaching English grammar to preservice teachers in a teacher education course at a regional university. The course was delivered in blended mode using the grammar component of My Writing Lab Global (MWLG) and face-to-face instruction. The aim of this study was to establish if there are benefits to derive from teaching knowledge about language (KAL) to preservice teachers. Our quasi-experimental study found MWLG was well-received by participants who believed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Instruction, Grammar, Preservice Teachers, Teacher Education Programs,...
Vocabulary is an essential component of language teaching and learning process, and correct pronunciation of lexical items is an ultimate goal for language instructors in ELT programs. Apart from how lexical items should be taught, the way teachers correct oral vocabulary errors as well as those of pronunciation in line with the preferences of learners is a crucial issue on which a consensus should be reached. This present study aimed to explore the preferences of ELT learners in a Turkish...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning,...
This research aims at examining the reactions of tertiary EFL teachers towards the use of performance-based language assessment. The study employed a mixed-method research methodology. For the quantitative method, 36 teachers responded to a questionnaire survey. In addition, four teachers participated in the in-depth interviews which were conducted twice, at the beginning and at the end of the semester. The data from the survey revealed that the teachers were aware that the assessments...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Attitudes, Rating Scales, Student Evaluation, English (Second Language),...
It is not uncommon in many Australian primary schools for a teaching staff member to undertake the leadership or coordination of mathematics in his or her school. Some research (e.g., Cheeseman & Clarke, 2005) suggests that coordinators and leaders play an important role in the leadership and management of mathematics teaching and learning in primary schools. Contemporary Teaching and Learning of Mathematics (CTLM) was a research and professional development project designed and facilitated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Faculty...
The introductory computer programming (CP) course has been taught for three decades in the faculty. Besides pursuing CP technology, one major goal has been enhancing learners' problem-solving (PS) skills. However, the current situation has implied that this might not be the case. Therefore, a research was conducted to investigate the effects of a web-supported and well-structured PS instructional method on academic achievements and PS perceptions of learners. This was a quasi-experimental study...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Introductory Courses, Programming, Problem Solving, Skill Development, Problem Based...
This paper aims to develop a valid method to assess the key competencies of the exercise physiology profession acquired through work-integrated learning (WIL). In order to develop a competency-based assessment, the key professional tasks needed to be identified and the test designed so students' competency in different tasks and settings could be assessed. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) was adopted for this purpose. Key competencies for practice were identified by clinical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Exercise Physiology, Competence, Test Construction, Work Experience, Tests, College...
Photo elicitation theoretically located under Creative Analytic Practice was set as an assessment on a taught postgraduate programme. In groups of three to four, 30 students acted as both researcher and participant. Group topics were self-selected, each member took five photographs that group members reflected on. Topics chosen were varied and students reflexively critically reported their experience of the method. The power of photo elicitation saw some students engage in a cathartic journey...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Psychology, Visual Aids, Teaching Methods, Graduate Students, Participatory Research,...
In this study the researchers explored the effects of teacher attrition in Niger state, Nigeria. The study examined how attrition is affecting the educational development of the state from the teachers' perspective. A qualitative method was used with the aim of extracting the inner feelings of the participants regarding the effects of attrition. Five serving teachers were purposively selected. An in-depth interview, non-participatory observation and document analysis were used as means for data...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Faculty Mobility, Qualitative Research, Educational Development, Interviews, Content...
If children do not learn how to read in the first few years of primary school, they will struggle to complete the cycle and are at greater risk of dropping out. It is therefore crucial to identify and test interventions that have the potential of making a large impact, can be implemented quickly, and are affordable to be taken to scale by the Kenyan government. This is the goal of the PRIMR Initiative--to test various options for improving learning outcomes and instruction in Kenyan schools,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Reading Instruction, Reading Fluency, Reading...
The current study involved the development, implementation, and evaluation of a universal school-based intervention designed to promote health and wellbeing among educators. This study aims to further investigate the efficacy of contemplative practices as a support for teacher wellbeing. The study contributes a new perspective to the current literature by including both classroom teachers and other school personnel and by testing an innovative intervention model. CALM is an intervention program...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Teachers, Well Being, Stress Management, Intervention, Relaxation...
This article presents the methods and results of a four-year-long research project focusing on the language learning activity of individual learners using online tasks conducted at the University of Guanajuato (Mexico) in 2009-2013. An activity-theoretical model (Blin, 2010; Engeström, 1987) of the typical language learning activity was used to analyse and interpret data. The study revealed (1) problems for learners to move beyond the task's objective (i.e. making a video) to attain the set...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Learning Activities, Online Courses, Models, Task Analysis, Learner Engagement,...
People do better when more is expected of them. In education circles, this is called the Pygmalion Effect. It has been demonstrated in study after study, and the results can sometimes be quite significant. In one research project, for instance, teacher expectations of a pre-schooler's ability was a robust predictor of the child's high school GPA. Raising student expectations has been in the news a lot recently as part of a larger conversation about improving learning outcomes. Most notably, a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Expectations of Students, Common Core State Standards, Educational Change,...
California is in the middle of a nearly unprecedented period of change in the state's education system. Following voter approval of Proposition 30 in 2012, the Legislature adopted the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) in 2013. The LCFF upended the way California funds schools, redistributing revenues toward schools and school districts facing the greatest challenges and shifting control over the allocation of revenues from Sacramento to local educators and their communities. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Education, Educational Change, Funding Formulas, Accountability, State Policy,...
This resource is part of a series produced by the Center for Standards and Assessment Implementation (CSAI) to assist teachers and those who support teachers to plan teaching and learning from College and Career Ready Standards (CCRS) for all students, including students with disabilities, English learners, academically at-risk students, students living in extreme poverty, and gifted/talented students. The series of resources addresses key shifts in learning and teaching represented in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Readiness, College Readiness, Educational Resources, Educational Practices,...
Government funding cuts have provided a new impetus to Australian universities to re-examine their value proposition and corporate focus. While the sector has gone through waves of change in recent times, institutions are now scrambling for their place in a highly competitive market. Institutions explore new revenue opportunities and digital transformation to achieve cost savings and efficiencies. The digital world is driving innovation and continuous change at such a rapid and random rate that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Finance, Financial Support, Online...
Building leadership capacity has emerged as a key concern within the early childhood profession in Australia as the sector responds to recent national reforms focusing on raising standards and improving quality provision of services. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the discussion around these reforms and to make a case for changes needed in tertiary training to provide opportunities to build early childhood leadership capacity in school settings. Eight experienced early childhood...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Capacity Building, Leadership Training, Early Childhood Education, Preservice Teacher...
The purpose of this study is to develop a 3-dimensional interactive multi-user and multi-admin IUVIRLAB featuring active learning methods and techniques for university students and to introduce the Virtual Laboratory of Istanbul University and to show effects of IUVIRLAB on students' attitudes on communication skills and IUVIRLAB. Although there are many computer simulations and virtual laboratory applications, the model introduced in this study has a unique characteristics in terms of being a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Virtual Classrooms, Laboratories, Interactive Video, Active...
This study investigates the effect of geographic distance on students' distance learning experience with the aim to provide tentative answers to a fundamental question--does geographic distance matter in distance education? Using educational outcome data collected from an online master's program in Geographic Information Systems, this study calculates the distance between students' residences and the program location, and employs three hierarchical multiple regression models to examine how well...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Distance Education, Geographic Location, Proximity, Masters Programs, Geographic...
Gender equality has been explained as both the equal treatment of women and men before the law and women's and men's equal usage of resources, opportunities, and services within the family and society. Today, although the conditions that support gender inequality have relatively decreased, gender discrimination still persists. Gender equality is expected to be taught by means of education at all levels and through curricula since they are the most important and indispensable elements of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Democracy, Textbooks, Sex Fairness, Foreign Countries, Student...
Experiential education is often used in entrepreneurship courses, as it conveys both substantive, theoretical knowledge and intangible learning experiences best absorbed through active participation. Starting and operating a business is a unique, educational experience allowing students to apply the substantive knowledge gained in entrepreneurship and other business courses to a real business and to experience the intangible, real-world aspects of the entrepreneurial process. For these reasons,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Experiential Learning, Business Administration Education,...
Developing a large and rich vocabulary is central to learning to read. Children must know the words that make up written texts in order to understand them, especially as the vocabulary demands of content-related materials increase in the upper grades. Studies have documented that the size of a person's vocabulary is strongly related to how well that person understands what he or she reads, not only in the primary grades, but in high school as well. There are profound differences in vocabulary...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocabulary Development, Academic Discourse, Poverty, Reading Skills, Content Area...
This paper presents the findings from research on peer assessment practice that was specifically focussed on improving the experience in a tertiary bridging course. The objective of the study was to examine the impact of this assessment approach on student social relationships and the overall assessment experience. The study also examined whether peer assessment provided a valid and reliable method of assessment at the tertiary bridging level and whether students were equipped to be able to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Regional Schools, Peer Evaluation, Postsecondary Education,...
The research field of intuitive physics focuses on discrepancies between theoretical and intuitive physical knowledge. Consideration of these discrepancies can help in the teaching of elementary physics. However, evidence shows that theoretical and intuitive physical knowledge may also be congruent. Physics teaching could further benefit from understanding the reasons for this congruence. The present study explored these reasons by investigating the intuitive physics of the equilibrium of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Physics, Scientific Principles, Science Instruction, Intuition, Scientific Concepts,...
Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) which was established initially as a Single mode Distance Teaching Institution (DTI) in the year 1985 opened its campus to face-to-face education in the year 2008 and thus now is a Dual mode Distance Teaching Institution (DTI). The Post Graduate Programme (Master of Science) in Dietetics and Food Service Management (MScDFSM) Programme of IGNOU offered through the Distance Learning Mode from the year 2005 has been the boon in developing human...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Dietetics, Food Service, Distance Education, Masters Programs,...
This study examined teachers' perceptions of including students with special education needs in Cameroon secondary schools. Teachers (N = 130) from five secondary government, denominational or lay private schools in Buea subdivision of Cameroon, Africa, completed a 26-item survey. The survey was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, and ANOVA. The results show teachers' perceptions of students with special education needs were favorable; however specific areas of concern were noted...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes, Inclusion, Disabilities, Secondary School...
Alongside a growing interest in knowledge mobilization (trying to increase the connection between research, policy and practice) there has been a transformation of how knowledge is produced, accessed and disseminated in light of the internet and social media strategies. Few studies have explored the use of social media for research dissemination. This paper explores the online strategies used by 44 research brokering organizations (RBOs) in education across Canada. It is organized in four...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Online Systems, Social Networks, Mass Media Use, Research Reports, Knowledge...
This study, aimed to determine the variables that have a role in the emergence of individual demand for postgraduate educational sciences programs, is a descriptive one. The sample of the study consisted of 222 postgraduate students from Ankara University, a developed university, and Gaziosmanpasa University, a developing university. The data was collected through a questionnaire. In the analysis process, nominal data was analyzed by calculating the frequency and percentages, and the data...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Programs, Educational Demand, Questionnaires, College Students, Student...
This article reviews teacher professional development norms as they are shifting toward collaborative practice. It is posed that passive and individual practices are inadequate to prepare teachers to integrate the academic skills that learners need for both workforce and college readiness. Promising practices in professional development are identified. Specifically, learning in a professional community is considered to be more effective than traditional professional development methods. This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Professional Development, Professional Education, Teacher Collaboration, Training...
Teacher education preparation programs must adapt to changing science education reform movements that identify notebooking as an effective means to increase children's' science process skills and content knowledge. This study addresses the question, "What are the structures and thinking processes that teacher candidates utilize when writing in notebooks?" Specifically, how do they express their thoughts during an observational-based prompt writing experience in an undergraduate,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Journal Writing, Preservice Teachers, Teacher Education Programs, Science Education,...
The global financial crisis has impacted upon the way of life of young Europeans with great severity. Across most European countries youth unemployment has remained stubbornly high for many years, compounding the effects of the crisis on the social and psychological well-being of young people. Given that crises are highly likely to occur in the future are there ways to help prepare young people to build resilience to meet an unpredictable future? For a long-term approach to building youth...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Resilience (Psychology), Citizenship Education, Unemployment,...
The crisis in Europe constitutes a major test for the very pursuit of European integration and for its legitimacy in the eyes of the citizens. In this paper a number of striking economic aspects of the crisis will be discussed next to political tensions concerning sensitive issues. Given the decline in the support for the European integration among the public over the past years it is necessary to improve the quality of citizenship education on European issues and to use a more critical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, International Cooperation, Citizenship Education, Constructivism (Learning), Foreign...
This study explores the usage of language learning strategies in private secondary Schools in Malaysia. Hypothesis was made that most of the students do not practice the language learning strategies completely and accurately. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between language learning strategies and practices of the students of private school. Survey Instruments included the dependent and independent variables of gender, age, form and level. About 60 students (n = 60)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Private Schools, Second Language...
This study reports the dominant linguistic errors that occur in the written productions of Arba Minch University (hereafter AMU) students. A sample of paragraphs was collected for two years from students ranging from freshmen to graduating level. The sampled compositions were then coded, described, and explained using error analysis method. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses showed that almost all components of the English language (such as orthography, morphology, syntax, mechanics,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Error Analysis (Language), Second Language Learning, Undergraduate Students,...
The present study investigates Foreign Language Enjoyment (FLE) and Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA) in the classroom. Participants were 1746 current FL learners from around the world. We used a measure of FLE, based on Likert scale ratings of 21 items (Dewaele & MacIntyre, 2014), and a measure of FLCA based on 8 items extracted from the FLCAS (Horwitz, Horwitz, & Cope, 1986). Statistical analyses revealed that levels of FLE were significantly higher than those of FLCA. FLE and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Second Language Learning, Anxiety, Learner Engagement, Individual Differences, Online...
Purpose: Learner empowerment or learner autonomy is regarded by some theorists as the self-propelled, sole effort of the learner. However, in creating self-directed learners who are empowered to learn, the role of significant others such as the instructor is imperative. This study shows how a committed lecturer can play an instrumental role in facilitating self-directed learning among learners. Methodology: Learner autonomy in vocabulary learning was successfully facilitated among a group of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teaching Methods, Student Empowerment, Independent Study, Teacher Student...
Parent involvement is essential to student success. However, it is also often a struggle for even the most experienced teacher to get parents involved. There are many barriers to parent involvement including issues related to parents finding the time, understanding its importance, and speaking a different language in the home. That is the reality of teaching. However, early and frequent field experiences for pre-service teachers involving parents can provide an opportunity for pre-service...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teachers, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Parent Participation, Barriers,...