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This document is intended to serve as a guide for institutions in the development of data bases to support the implementation of planning and management systems. This publication serves to identify and describe those finance-related data elements: (1) required to support current National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS) products; (2) anticipated as being required for future NCHEMS products; and (3) commonly maintained by institutions for operational and reporting...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administration, Educational Finance, Educational Planning, Financial Needs, Higher...
A study was conducted to investigate the impact certain cognitive styles or structures have in mediating the influence of aggressive television on young boys. Ss were 143 white middle class boys: 36 were 5 1/2-year-old kindergarteners; 30 were 6 1/2-year-old first graders; 36 were 7 1/2-year-old second graders; and 41 were 8 1/2-year-old third graders. One-third of the Ss at each age level were exposed to an experimental condition of a 6-minute aggressive TV film; one-third were exposed to an...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Age Differences, Aggression, Analysis of Variance, Cognitive Development, Elementary...
The author reports the results of a study based on an assumption that there might be an association of certain acoustic variables with the telling of lies. Twenty subjects were asked to perform two tasks, each involving four short oral responses, one of which was a lie. The responses were subjected to spectrographic analysis, and the task of the experimenter was to predict which of the four responses in each set was the lie. When minimum duration of response was used as the criterion, the lie...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Auditory Discrimination, Auditory Perception, Behavior Theories, Behavioral Science...
A study of clothing leaders in Meigs and Warren counties, Tennessee, was conducted to find ways to improve the use of new and present clothing project leaders in adult home economics extension programs. An analysis of each county's work plan for 1972-73 was the basis of this research project. The leadership development plan consists of: (1) identifying potential leaders; (2) selecting a clothing project leader; (3) orienting--placing the emphasis on job expectation and initiation of leaders...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Adult Programs, Adult Vocational Education, Adults, Extension...
This outline of how to establish and maintain an Asian national union catalog contains basic instruction for the staff and for the participating libraries of one of West Asia's largest union catalogs. It has been prepared to: (1) define and clarify the purposes of the Iranian National Union Catalog; (2) explain the policies and procedures under which it operates, (3) establish uniform entries and cards and (4) describe participation and service. (LI 004244 through 004263 and LI 004265 through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, Foreign Countries, Library Science, Union Catalogs, Harvey, John F.
An experimental group of student teachers (N=33) exposed to Flander's Interaction Analysis significantly increased self-concept scores; controls did not. It was concluded that a higher self-image occurred partially because of an increased awareness of the verbal interaction in the classroom and improved interpersonal climate. (Appropriate tables showing results are included as appendixes.) (Authors)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Interaction Process Analysis, Self Concept, Self Congruence, Student Teachers,...
The 1974-75 academic year is the first in which student credit hours have been accumulated for the entire University of Maine, utilizing uniform definitions. The purpose of this document is to summarize those data for both semesters. A total of 578,457 student credit hours were generated by all campuses of the University of Maine during the 1974-75 academic year. The largest proportion of these were generated at the Orono campus. Orono and Portland-Gorham together accounted for 73 percent of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Credits, Credits, Enrollment, Graduate Study, Institutional Research, Part...
Using the Serrano v. Priest case and federal revenue sharing as precedents, it is proposed that the federal government furnish (on a regionally adjusted per child rate) 50 percent of the needed school revenues directly to the state through an earmarked "special revenue sharing" package. This would be granted only if the states would raise and disburse the other 50 percent based on a per child rate. These amounts would be adjusted only for special educational needs on an "area...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Finance, Equal Education, Property Taxes, Revenue Sharing, School Taxes,...
The Veterans' Education and Employment Assistance Act of 1976 (Public Law 94-502) is described in this document. The act is structured to amend title 38, United States Code, to set a termination date for veterans' educational benefits, to increase vocational rehabilitation subsistence allowances, educational and training assistance allowances, and special allowances paid to eligible veterans; to extend the basic educational assistance eligibility for veterans and for certain dependents from 36...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrative Policy, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation, Educationally...
A longitudinal study of student flow and persistence at Santa Ana College (SAC) was planned to generate data on student description, student outcomes, attrition trends, and student attitudes and satisfaction with college services. A total of 629 students responded to an entering student questionnaire placed in registration packets or mailed directly to them. A comparison of the sample to all new and new transfer students and to all active students indicated that the sample was most like the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Aspiration, Cohort Analysis, Community Colleges, Demography, Females, Longitudinal...
This staff development module is part of one of three groups of career guidance modules developed, field-tested, and revised by a six-state consortium coordinated by the American Institutes for Research. This module is designed for guidance personnel who work in counseling and guidance with adults in community colleges, mental health settings, university counseling centers, or industrial settings. The goal of this module is to provide users with some knowledge of adult development and integrate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Counseling, Adult Development, Adult Education, Behavior Patterns,...
Findings of this staff report provide a picture of the conditions in which American children and families are living in the 1980s and offer a basis for projecting families' needs in the future. While the findings are not definitive, they reflect consistent themes which have emerged from both the personal testimony presented by parents and children in Select Committee hearings, and the evidence presented by prominent scholars and practitioners. Highlighted are trends in economic security,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Child Welfare, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Economic Factors, Elementary...
The nature of the loan default problem in New Jersey, the reduction of defaults in the New Jersey Guaranteed Student Loan Program, default prevention initiatives, and the recommendations of the Default Task Force are discussed. Findings include the following: (1) most defaulters are low-income students, and half were students in proprietary school vocational training programs, not in colleges; (2) college graduates rarely default on their loans; (3) the typical defaulter is a poor, poorly...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Federal Aid, Higher Education, Loan Repayment, Socioeconomic...
This presentation explores international trends and needed changes in the education of persons with severe intellectual disabilities. One goal is to have all children attend school, no matter how severe their disabilities. Though low percentages of disabled children from developing countries attend school, some positive trends are identified, such as implementing educational legislation and placing responsibility for the education of all disabled children with education ministries. As...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attendance, Developing Nations, Educational Change, Educational Objectives,...
This study examined adults' beliefs about parenthood in terms of Veevers' (1973) notion of "cultural myths" about adulthood and tried to account for the origins and importance of the myths. Subjects were 93 undergraduates in a junior-level course on parenting who completed the Survey of Beliefs about Parenthood at the beginning and end of the course, and measures of child care experience on the first day of class. A snowball sampling approach produced data from 204 parents whose ages...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Age Differences, Beliefs, Child Rearing, College Students, Factor Structure, Folk...
Can the contemporary family's problems be solved in ways that seemed effective in the past? The extent to which the family has changed argues in the negative. The American family has been stripped of two of its traditional social functions: serving as a unit for economic production and as a school for the vocational training of children. The first function has been usurped by commercial firms, the second by the state. The family is no longer an interdependent economic unit to which all members...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Children, Day Care, Educational Quality, Family Income, Family Problems, Family...
The importance of using computers in a science education class is not limited to computer-assisted instruction (CAI). Computers may also be used as an educational strategy to improve overall learning and computer literacy in students. Research has shown an improvement in academic achievement in students using computers, as well as an increase in scientific reasoning skills and scientific knowledge. Many science teachers are currently using computers to produce tests and worksheets; record,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Computer Literacy, Computer Uses in Education, Databases,...
The value of foreign language education at the elementary school level for Australia is discussed from two perspectives: its contribution to tolerance of cultural diversity within Australian society and its contribution to Australia's role in the global society. Reference is made to a variety of studies and commission reports. First, the relationship between language and human rights in general is examined, including recent Australian legislative and organizational initiatives and the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Civics, Civil Liberties, Cultural Pluralism, Elementary Education, FLES, Foreign...
The Expedition Leader Style Analysis (ELSA) is an inventory designed to measure leadership style adaptability and effectiveness in terms of the situational leadership model. Situational leadership arose from the Experiential Leadership Education model, which is used in business and management, by replacing management jargon and phrases with outdoor terminology. The key to the leader style selection in situational leadership is to assess the maturity or readiness of the followers, then choose a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Group Dynamics, Higher Education, Leadership Styles, Leadership Training, Measures...
Using the same data, which could come from local databases or external sources, such as the Web, virtual museum designers can build different hyperspaces. It is possible that visitors would find some of them more useful than others. Virtual museums designers should be equipped with a tool by which various hyperspaces for virtual museums can be easily designed and examined. This paper views a virtual museum as a hypertext that consists of nodes and links and shows that a database publishing tool...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Authoring Aids (Programming), Data Analysis, Database Design, Design Preferences,...
This report presents first findings from the Base Year of the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002). ELS:2002 is the fourth major secondary school longitudinal study sponsored by NCES, closely reflecting the research purposes and designs of its three predecessor studies NLS-72, HS&B, and NELS:88. Beginning with a nationally representative sample of 10th-graders in 2002, ELS:2002 is designed to provide data about critical transitions experienced by students as they proceed through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Characteristics, Grade 10, Socioeconomic Influences, Cohort Analysis,...
The Mississippi Board of Education adopted the School/Community Involvement initiative in 2003 as a part of the Mississippi School Level Accountability Model Evaluation Instruments. This guide provides the components of those standards along with ideas and suggestions to assist parents, community members and school staff with the development or enhancement of community involvement programs.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Involvement, Parent Participation, State Standards, Accountability,...
The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, is to familiarize the reader with some advances in cataloging that may not be so esoteric in the near future for school librarians. Second, is to provide hints for easy cataloging of traditionally uncataloged electronic information and thus enhance information access through the school library OPAC.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Information Management, Online Catalogs, Metadata, Librarians, Library Skills,...
This study furthers the discussion of teachers as public servants who are essential to the maintenance of the democratic state. The study demonstrates how teachers' actions on September 11, 2001 in New York City show the essential qualities of public service, including selflessness and placing the needs of others above their own needs. By focusing on the personal, emotional and professional responses of teachers to the attacks as compared to the same responses of individuals in the private...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Teachers, Public Service, Private Sector, Educational Change, Crisis...
This research project focuses on a program that combines the traditional classroom approach with the capabilities of distance learning. The August Spring Program at Kutztown University admits a population of remedial students for the spring semester only after they successfully complete an intensive one-week preparation course in the preceding summer. The students are required to take a two-part course: (1) an intensive one-week classroom-based course in the summer semester, (2) an interactive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Surveys, Distance Education, Transitional Programs, Summer Programs, College...
This article will primarily allow a definition of the strategic development of ICT in the Democratic Republic of Congo, to be put forward. For the most part it involves the precision of many types of measures and strategies (such as institutional, regulatory, infrastructural measures), human resources, the development of content and partnerships, all of which do not yet exist in the Democratic Republic of Congo. While encouraging an active and sincere partnership between public and private...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Information Technology, Strategic Planning, Change Strategies,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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Texas has made good progress in education since the school reform movement began in earnest 15 years ago. State test scores are up for all groups of students in all grades in all subjects. On the National Assessment of Educational Progress, Texas is close to the top in student performance in math, and has finally begun to make real progress in reading scores. Texans have come a long way in improving education in our state. Yet, Texas has a long way to go to get to excellence. Texas simply...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Restructuring, Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, National...
The growth of availability and access to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in higher education in Mexico is a fact. Nevertheless, not much is known about how students use these resources in their school and social activities. A survey to obtain information about how undergraduates use web resources and cell phones was designed and applied to a stratified sample of students from 17 Undergraduate programs that are offered at the Campus Azcapotzalco of the Autonomous Metropolitan...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Information Technology, Access to...
The NCATE Standards define dispositions (affect) as follows: "The values, commitments, and professional ethics that influence behaviors toward students, families, colleagues, and communities and affect student learning, motivation, and development as well as the educator's own professional growth." (p. 53, emphasis added), and even the Miriam-Webster On-line Dictionary helps us to see that dispositions are about tendencies to act rather than the skills themselves. Educators have often...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Affective Objectives, National Standards, Accreditation (Institutions), Teacher...
This study investigated the effects of cognitive readiness in a Navy simulated environment, the simulation being the Multi-Mission Team Trainer. The research question that drove this study was: will simulations increase cognitive readiness? One of the tasks of Navy sailors is to deal with unpredictable events. Unpredictability in the military is considered to be one of the major characteristics, especially in battle. These officers must be prepared to react to these complex and unpredictable...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Simulation, War, Military Training, Armed Forces, Readiness, Cognitive Ability,...
NINE NDEA-SPONSORED INSTITUTES FOR TEACHER TRAINERS OFFERED AT SEVEN UNIVERSITIES IN SUMMER 1966 WERE ASSESSED AS TO MERIT AND POSSIBLE IMPROVEMENT. ABOUT TWO-THIRDS OF THE 275 PARTICIPANTS WERE COLLEGE PERSONS WITH RESPONSIBILITY FOR PREPARING TEACHERS, AND OVER ONE-HALF OF THE OTHERS HAD ELEMENTARY-LEVEL RESPONSIBILITIES. THE HIGHEST DEGREES HELD BY THE 251 RESPONDENTS WERE MASTER'S (67.8 PERCENT), DOCTORATE (16.3 PERCENT), AND BACCALAUREATE (15.9 PERCENT). THE TYPICAL PARTICIPANT HAD 10-12...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrators, College Faculty, Consultants, Elementary School Teachers, Institutes...
THESE PROCEEDINGS REFLECT THE UNIVERSITY'S GROWING CONCERN FOR THE TRANSFER STUDENT AND AN AWARENESS OF CERTAIN PROBLEMS THAT CAN BE COOPERATIVELY SOLVED. THE TRANSFER STUDENT'S STATUS WILL CONTINUE TO RISE AS STATE AND PROFESSIONAL GROUPS WORK TO INCREASE THE NUMBER AND QUALITY OF JUNIOR COLLEGES. WHILE EFFECTS OF CURRICULUM CHANGES ON THE PROSPECTIVE TRANSFER SHOULD BE MINIMIZED, ARTICULATION PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH SUCH CHANGES ARE COMPLEX, SINCE (1) STUDENTS COME FROM MANY KINDS OF...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Articulation (Education), Higher Education, Transfer Policy, Transfer Programs,...
DEVELOPED FOR EDUCATORS WHO ARE CONCERNED WITH AND SHARE THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR WORK STUDY PROGRAMS FOR SLOW LEARNERS (IQ 50 TO 80) AT THE SECONDARY LEVEL, THE GUIDE PRESENTS PROGRAM POLICIES AND PRACTICES CURRENT IN THE STATE OF OHIO. RATIONALE FOR THE OHIO PROGRAMS ARE STATED, AND 12 RELEVANT TERMS ARE DEFINED. CURRICULUM IMPLICATIONS FOR WORK STUDY EFFORTS ARE STATED FOR PRIMARY THOROUGH HIGH SCHOOL LEVELS. THE WORK STUDY COORDINATOR IS DISCUSSED IN TERMS OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTION, GENERAL...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administration, Administrator Responsibility, Administrators, Curriculum, Exceptional...
The elementary guidance program aims at providing developmental, preventive, and remedial services, with the major emphasis on the developmental phase. The experiences in the pilot programs of elementary guidance in Louisiana have demonstrated that effective guidance services in the elementary school are contingent upon an understanding, willing, and ready staff. To bring about this readiness, an in-service training program has been found useful in determining what the elementary program is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Counselor Role, Elementary Education, Inservice Education, Pilot Projects, Program...
This study was designed to answer two questions: (1) Is the systematic desensitization of test anxiety effective with secondary school students?; (2) Is relaxation per se as useful a technique as systematic desensitization? High test anxious secondary-school students were assigned to one of two experimental conditions, desensitization or relaxation, and met for 20 minutes daily for a period of 6 weeks. Their results were compared to those of a no treatment control group. It appeared that the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anxiety, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, High School Students, Research...
This paper describes an educational program for 28 adolescent delinquents at a training school for boys. All of the students had histories of educational failure. Individualized programed instruction and a system of extrinsic learning reinforcements were the experimental basis of the program. Points, exchangeable for money, were given to the students as a reward for learning success. In an environment simulating the nonprison world, the students used the earned money to pay for their room,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Failure, Achievement Tests, Classroom Environment, Delinquency, Experimental...
At the request of the Senate Subcommittee on Education an inquiry was conducted as a joint effort of the Department of Interior and the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to determine whether responsibility for Indian education should continue to reside with the Bureau of Indian Affairs or be transfered to the Office of Education. The conclusions indicated that the educational function should remain with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, but with the close cooperation of the Office of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrative Policy, Agency Cooperation, American Indians, Cooperative Programs,...
The major question this study attempted to answer was, "Can conservation of number, area, weight, mass, and volume to be induced and retained by 3- and 4-year-old children by structured instruction with a multivariate approach? Three nursery schools in Iowa City supplied subjects for this study. The Institute of Child Behavior and Development contributed 80 children; the University Parents Cooperative Pre-school contributed 52; and Iowa City Montessori Nursery School furnished 53. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Teaching, Conservation (Concept), Experimental Programs, Geometric Concepts,...
The construction of a category-type observational instrument based on sets of similar behavioral components from mutually exclusive subsets of measurably stated objectives of a particular special education treatment program is described. Systematic Who-to-Whom Analysis Notation is an in-process instrument employed unobtrusively, utilizing a who-to-whom format and the three-second rule. The observational data are reported to teachers and supervisors in meaningful forms and are used to supplement...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Classroom Observation Techniques, Measurement Instruments,...
This paper lists objectives for the 39 courses that make up the competency-based elementary teacher education program of the University of Toledo. Courses are divided into three blocks. Block one deals with acquiring skills and includes courses such as "Performance Skills in Inquiry,""AV Equipment Operating,""Systems Design," and "School Observation." Block two deals with behavior and includes courses such as "Learning Theory and Motivation,"...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Competency Based Teacher Education, Education Courses, Elementary Education,...
This short, narrative pamphlet on the roles of engineers in environmental quality control accompanies the appropriate grade level curriculum guide. (BP)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Awareness, Engineers, Environment, Grade 7, Instructional Materials, Junior...
This paper describes a course in urban history offered at Delta College in Michigan. A variety of techniques are utilized in teaching the course--lecture is relied on to acquaint students with the historian's role in the study of urban history, a field trip to an inner city is planned, short field assignments are used to acquaint students with their urban surroundings, and individual or team projects, wherein the real success of the course lies, are utilized to offer opportunities for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Colleges, Course Descriptions, Field Experience Programs, History...
This summary on Servicemen's Opportunity College (SOC) reports on the progress of the following SOC tasks: recruitment of additional SOCs; exploring extension of SOC to technical and vocational programs; exploring extension of SOC to graduate programs; publishing and distributing SOC catalogs and other materials; encouraging better liaison among SOC and the programs of each service and between civilian institutions and the military services; providing assistance to the Defense Activity for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Programs, Community Colleges, External Degree Programs, Financial Support,...
These are the collected appendices to the evaluation reports on Title I non-public school programs conducted in New York in 1979-1980. Materials contained include: (1) teacher and program coordinator interview forms; (2) clinical and guidance survey; (3) classroom observation form; (4) supplements to the teacher questionnaire; (5) reading skills program documents; (6) English as a second language program documents; and (7) clinical and guidance program documents. (APM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Compensatory Education, English (Second Language), Evaluation Methods, Guidance...
A study analyzed the cohesive elements found within a text and the difficulty of their resolution within a particular text structure. The specific cohesive form used was pronominal reference. Each of forty-four students in grades ten through twelve was asked to read, sentence by sentence, a text which contained pronouns and pronoun referents. They were interrupted occasionally and asked to report the correct referent for a pronoun that had appeared in a sentence they had just completed reading....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Coherence, High Schools, Pronouns, Reading Processes, Reading...
Many state certification recommendations in reading education do not clearly define "certification." This produces a number of questions, among them the following: (1) Do reading teachers who are likely to teach reading at either the secondary or elementary level need a developmental course at both levels? (2) Should there be discrete courses in "diagnostic" and "instructional" techniques? (3) Are courses in gifted and talented education and in learning...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum, Elementary Secondary Education, Reading Consultants, Reading Teachers,...
Controversy and debate can be effectively employed as the central pre-writing activity in the composition classroom. The current model of prewriting in the composition classroom is the reflective model, which involves relatively private exploration of issues and ideas leading to paper topics. Although in the short run it is easier for both student and instructor to stress personal discovery through composition and to accentuate agreement and common ground between writer and reader, in the long...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Activities, Debate, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Higher Education,...
It is estimated that within the next 20 years, the majority of elementary, intermediate, and secondary school-age children in the United States will come from "minority" backgrounds. This increasing diversity will present school counselors with many new challenges. To assist counselors with these evolving demands, researchers designed a study to investigate the types of worries Hispanic youth experience during the intermediate and secondary school years. The study was conducted in two...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Anxiety, Ethnic Groups, Grade 7, Grade 9, Hispanic American Students,...
It is argued that in the culturally rich communities developing in the United States, educators can do much more to develop literacy programs that reflect real student needs, differences, and talents. Widespread dependency on pre-defined curricula and assessment is seen as perpetuating outdated classroom strategies and techniques that do not work. A new paradigm for multicultural literacy that acknowledges the role of language as a cognitive and affective factor in human development and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Techniques, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Strategies, Elementary...
This study examined faculty characteristics and teaching environments of higher education institutions that may hinder or facilitate student-centered pedagogical practices derived from feminist theory. Feminist pedagogy generally advocates democratizing the classroom, building cooperative learning environments, legitimizing personal experiences as a form of intellectual inquiry, and applying classroom learning to society. These approaches draw on themes of power, the community of learners,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Environment, College Faculty, College Instruction, Educational Methods,...
This paper reports on changes in the practicum component of a teacher education program, designed to provide experiences related to the systemic functions of schools. The practicum evolved from genuine collaboration between a school and a university to share responsibility for preservice preparation. The program involved having the teacher educator move into the school with a group of 12-15 student teachers for 12 weeks and conduct the preservice program (both theoretical and practical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College School Cooperation, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher...
A case study approach was used to analyze the commercial training markets for further education (FE) colleges in Sheffield, England. The following aspects of training supply and demand in Sheffield were examined: regional employment market (occupational structure and economic outlook); size, value, and segmentation of the training market; competitive position of the region's FE training sector; and strategic capability of the FE sector. It was concluded that Sheffield's political and social...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Case Studies, Education Work Relationship, Educational Demand,...
Educating limited-English-proficient students (LEP) in the nation's public schools is an unmet educational need with national impact and a history of minimal compliance with Federal laws. The Lau v. Nichols decision of 1974 placed responsibility on school districts to ensure that LEP students were identified and provided with a language response program. It did not mandate bilingual education or the use of the native language, but did affirm governmental authority to require affirmative...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Bilingual Education, Educational History, Educational Policy,...
An area of particular concern in adolescent literacy is comprehension of informational text: many students can successfully decode words without actually being able to understand the texts they read. As they progress through school, they have to read increasingly complex texts but receive little if any explicit instruction to help them. Beyond the third grade, reading instruction tends to focus on fiction, yet students must understand nonfiction texts in order to learn content-area subjects as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Reading Comprehension, Models, Elementary Secondary Education,...
The 7th edition of this publication provides updated projections of high school graduates for each year and each state (plus the District of Columbia) through 2022. The profile breaks down the projections by major racial and ethnic groups: (1) American Indian/Alaska Native; (2) Asian/Pacific Islander; (3) Black, non-Hispanic; (4) Hispanic; and (5) White, non-Hispanic. Overall trends include: (1) Peak in the number of high school graduates in 2008-2009, followed by gradually declining...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High Schools, Racial Composition, Declining Enrollment, Pacific Islanders, American...
This compendium of narrative and statistical information is an overview of the Oregon University System (OUS) and is produced every two years. The introduction includes a mission and vision statement, a listing of OUS campuses and centers, a history of the institutions, OUS degree partnership programs, and distance education degree programs, OUS distance education statistics, and a roster of the members of the State Board of Higher Education. Separate chapters discuss student enrollment,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Graduation Rate, Distance Education, Institutional Mission,...
Industry policy emphasises the importance of competition between firms as the basis of efficient markets and as a stimulus for improved firm efficiency. Yet research has shown that much can be gained from cooperation among firms in a range of activities, especially those involving the transfer of knowledge, such as training. These cooperative arrangements are common in the more regulated training systems of Germany and France. Recent reforms in the United Kingdom have sought to improve the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Manufacturing, Information Technology, Foreign Countries, Cooperative Programs,...
The "Tennessee County Higher Education Profiles 2010" provide basic information with respect to higher education for each county in Tennessee. The 2010 "Profiles" represent the fourth year for this report. In the demographic and enrollment sections, a few changes were made to better meet the needs of policymakers. This document explains those changes. The "Tennessee Higher Education County Profiles 2010" employed the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Family Income, Community Surveys, Bachelors Degrees, Counties,...
This paper provides information about Oklahoma's End-of-Instruction Exams. The purpose of the exam is to: (1) Determine prospective high school graduates' knowledge and skill levels relative to those needed for entry-level employment aligned to the American Diploma Project (ADP) benchmarks; (2) Determine prospective high school graduates' knowledge and skill levels relative to those needed for postsecondary education aligned to ADP benchmarks; (3) Determine prospective high school graduates'...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High Schools, Academic Failure, At Risk Students, High School Graduates, Exit...
Given the tremendous impact teachers have on learning--they are the single most important school-based determinant of student achievement--the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) believes that no education improvement strategy states and districts take on is likely to have a greater impact than one which seeks to maximize teacher and principal performance. Joining the chorus of advocates calling for moving from highly qualified to highly effective teachers, NCTQ offers recommendations...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Effectiveness, Federal Aid, Elementary Secondary Education, Teacher...
Research suggests that independent reading outside of school is a strong indicator of school and reading success. However, studies also suggest that student recreational reading significantly decreases in the middle school years. This article explores some of the reasons adolescent students choose to read independently or are reluctant to do so. In this teacher research study the author interviewed his former students, their parents, and their current teachers about what motivates adolescents...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Recreational Reading, Independent Reading, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement,...
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to other states/jurisdictions, average scores for state/jurisdiction and nation (public), results for student groups in 2011, and score gaps for student...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gap, Comparative Analysis, Economic Status, Educational Assessment,...
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2009 reading assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2009 to other states/jurisdictions, average scores for state/jurisdiction and nation (public), results for student groups in 2009, and score gaps for student groups...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gains, Achievement Gap, Comparative Analysis, Educational Assessment,...
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 reading assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to other states/jurisdictions, average scores for state/jurisdiction and nation (public), results for student groups in 2011, and score gaps for student groups...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gains, Achievement Gap, Comparative Analysis, Economic Status,...
President Obama is right to draw attention to the soaring cost of a college education in America. However, his proposed solution will not only fail to fix the problem but is also likely to compound it by blunting the competition that is needed to shake up the world of higher education. President Obama proposes to slow tuition growth by conditioning the amount of federal campus-based aid to colleges. He also wants to create a "college scorecard" for every institution as a measure of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, State Universities, Private Colleges, Finance Reform, Competition,...
A representative sample of 122,000 eighth-graders participated in the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) science assessment, which is designed to measure students' knowledge and abilities in the areas of physical science, life science, and Earth and space sciences. This report covers the overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average scores in 2009 and 2011 to other states/jurisdictions, average scores for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gap, Comparative Analysis, Economic Status, Educational Assessment,...
This study examines and compares the recruitment and retention of minority and White elementary and secondary teachers and attempts to empirically ground the debate over minority teacher shortages. The data we analyze are from the National Center for Education Statistics' nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey and its longitudinal supplement, the Teacher Follow-up Survey. Our data analyses show that a gap continues to persist between the percentage of minority students and the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disadvantaged Schools, Poverty, Educational Research, Teacher Persistence, Teacher...
Abstracts were prepared in conjunction with a research project designed to identify correlates of extent of educative activity of young men and women under age 25 who either dropped out from high school, or who graduated but who did not continue for any full time post high school education. The list is exceedingly selective in that it includes references that appeared relevant to the objectives of one specific research project, excluding those research reports and summaries that were available...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Abstracts, Adult Education, Adult Programs, Dropouts, High School Graduates,...
A study examined cable access centers--studios established by cable television systems for the use of community groups, institutions, and individuals--in order to identify the characteristics of those used frequently. Data were gathered from 119 respondents concerning 34 access centers in major metropolitan areas in the United States. The findings indicated that the number of cable access centers is growing, and that the majority of them are funded directly by the local cable company (or...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cable Television, Communication Research, Communications, Community Services, Dial...
Through an examination of the appearance of the front pages of separately owned, competitive newspapers in 10 cities in the United States, a study explored the extent to which these newspapers have become modern in their use of graphic devices. Specifically, the study investigated (1) the relationship between a market's newspaper circulation gap and the likelihood of appearance similarity between the two daily newspapers, (2) whether the circulation trailer tended to use more modern graphic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Competition, Graphic Arts, Headlines, Journalism, Layout (Publications), Media...
The United States Congress established the National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee (NOICC) and the network of State Occupational Information Coordinating Committees (SOICCs) in the Education Amendments of 1976. NOICC and SOICCs were mandated to foster coordination and communication among producers and users of occupational information for career decision making, and program planning. Subsequent federal legislation expanded the Committees' membership and strengthened the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Career Development, Coordination, Federal Programs, Occupational...
This study explored video technology as a tool to overcome problems of distance, cost, and shortage of presenters hindering the professional development of rural science teachers. A qualitative design was used to collect data on how 4 teachers responded to 10 videotaped vignettes of science instruction. The 4-minute vignettes showed urban teachers engaging students in hands-on activities to discover scientific principles. Three of the responding teachers were in their second year of teaching...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Distance Education, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign...
The Oregon Professional Development Center (OPDC) was created by the Oregon Department of Education to support school councils in the state as they make local changes to meet the requirements of the Oregon Educational Act for the 21st Century. School councils will be established at every school in Oregon, charged with three main areas of work: improving instructional programs, establishing staff-development programs, and developing and coordinating school improvements in compliance with the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Pluralism, Diversity (Institutional), Educational...
It is estimated that attention deficit disorder (ADD) affects from 3 to 10% of school age students. The ratio of male to female is reported as high as six to one. Children with ADD display signs of inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity and are more likely than other children to have a variety of academic and social problems. ADD problems lead to difficulty within the family and at school. Combined with psychological problems associated with preadolescence, middle school ADD...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attention, Attention Deficit Disorders, Attention Span, Counselor Role, Elementary...
Unlike many Third World nation minorities living in Western societies, the Palestinians in Israel did not immigrate to the new system; rather, the system was imposed on them by the Israeli Jewish government. This paper argues that the Israeli government uses its hegemony over the educational system for its Palestinian citizens to manipulate and shape their collective identity according to its political interests. According to the paper, the Palestinians are resisting this process, and the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conflict, Cultural Context, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Elementary...
The largest single federal investment in schooling, Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (P.L. 103-382) has provided supplementary resources to schools with large numbers of low-income students throughout the past three decades. In 1994 the program was reauthorized according to the Improving America's Schools Act (IASA), which carries with it a number of revised legislative expectations even as it increases the number of schools eligible to operate schoolwide programs. The new...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Compensatory Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Improvement, Educationally...
The Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA), administered under the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), mandates a five-year plan and assurances. Under guidelines developed by IMLS, the Alabama Public Library Service (APLS) was charged with submitting a Five-Year State Plan by August 1, 1997. This document describes the planning process, which included identifying community needs and then identifying and prioritizing the needs of all libraries. After stating the vision that all...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Information, Community Needs, Financial Support, Grants, Information...
The general trend in Australian teacher-student interpersonal behavior has been to report the student perceptions of science learning environments. The purpose of this study was to report teacher actual and ideal perceptions of the learning environment. In addition, science students' perceptions were compared to science teacher perceptions. Thirty-five schools completed the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), which gathered data on teacher and student perceptions of interpersonal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classroom Environment, Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Competence, Science...
This chapter reviews the legal standards governing affirmative action in higher education, examining the diversity rationale and contrasting the cases of Hopwood v. Texas and Wittmer v. Peters, which were decided in 1996. It discusses: the legal standard governing affirmative action in higher education; the remedial interest in overcoming the present effects of past discrimination; the nonremedial interest in realizing the educational benefits of diversity; Hopwood v. Texas and its rejection of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Affirmative Action, Civil Rights Legislation, College Admission, Court Litigation,...
This digest is intended to guide parents and teachers in helping children deal with the attacks of September 11, 2001 through the use of literature. It begins with suggestions, guidelines, and strategies which parents and teachers can use to help children deal with the tragedy, and it discusses the role of literature in helping children at a time of national disaster. The second part of the digest offers resources intended to help children understand and appreciate cultural differences through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Literature, Counseling, Crisis Management, Cultural Awareness, Cultural...
OUR EDUCATIONAL, GOVERNMENTAL, RELIGIOUS, AND COMMUNITY AGENCIES ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR PREPARING INDIVIDUALS NOT ONLY FOR A WORLD OF WORK BUT MORE BASICALLY FOR A WORLD OF RAPID AND DRAMATIC CHANGE. AN 8-STATE COOPERATIVE PROJECT CALLED "DESIGNING EDUCATION FOR THE FUTURE" HAS MADE AN EFFORT TO PREDICT CHANGES WHICH SOCIETY WILL EXPERIENCE BY THE YEAR 1980 AND RELATE THESE CHANGES TO THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM. RESULTS INDICATE THAT UNLESS OUR EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IS MARKEDLY UPDATED, MASSIVE...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academically Gifted, Change Agents, Critical Thinking,...
A placement service may make higher education possible for certain students by providing on- or off-campus jobs for them while they attend college. It also helps graduates and former students find jobs related to their study areas, keeps the institution in touch with employers so that the adequacy of course content can be evaluated, and interprets college purposes to business and industry. To do these things, the placement service must (1) solicit jobs, (2) handle student applications, (3)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employment Services, Followup Studies, Graduate Surveys, Job Placement, Transfer...
This study investigated several methods of preventing academic underachievement among university students identified by test scores as impulsive. Sixty-four impulsive entering freshmen with SAT scores of 1000 or more were assigned in equal numbers to one of four conditions: (1) paid counseling--students were paid a weekly amount, contingent upon their attending a weekly group counseling session; (2) paid math--students were paid weekly amount, contingent upon their demonstrating that they had...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, College Students, Counseling, Counseling Effectiveness, Higher...
Purposes of this study were to detect some of the sociocultural differences between Mexican American and Anglo junior high school students; to determine how the sociocultural characteristics of the Mexican American students were related to their language background; and to ascertain how characteristics of both groups were related to their achievement. The sample consisted of 126 male and female students, 87 of whom were Mexican American. Scales were developed from questionnaire and interview...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Anglo Americans, Bilingual Education, Junior...
Demographic surveys and data could be used to assess programs and policies directly and indirectly concerned with the reduction of poverty, and, through the use of such survey data, to point to a number of population subgroupings which are or are not moving out of poverty. Annually collected Census Bureau facts, the basis of much of the analysis presented in this paper, can be used to make more intelligent program-decision progress in the war against poverty. These facts, organized in terms of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Demography, Family Characteristics, Geographic Distribution, Poverty Programs,...
This study was designed to examine the effectiveness of social reinforcement as a function of familiarity with the adult agent administering the reinforcers. First and fifth grade children were tested in a marble dropping task on two successive days. On the second day half of the children at each grade level were tested by the same experimenter (familiar condition) while a different experimenter (stranger condition) tested the other half. First graders were more responsive to social...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Data Analysis, Grade 1, Grade 5, Hypothesis Testing,...
This paper deals with the college freshman, his anxieties in the first few weeks of school, and the ways in which the college counselor can help. The anxious freshman is seen as expressing his panic and confusion by noting the differences between himself and his peers, and by questioning the correctness of his college related decisions. His anxieties are aggravated by homesickness and the fact that he is at this stage both adolescent and adult in terms of feelings, expectations and demands. In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adjustment (to Environment), Anxiety, College Freshmen, Counseling Services,...
The study attempts to determine those factors which exist concurrent with high achievement as measured by the Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS). The data were drawn from sixth grade students enrolled in the Des Moines, Iowa Public Schools during 1974-75. Based on the various analyses, a profile of the individual student most likely to be a high achiever has emerged. While the profile does not hold true in all cases, students exhibiting these characteristics seem to generally exhibit high...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Elementary Education, Grade 6, High Achievement, Performance...
With the "publish or perish" atmosphere of graduate study, a student without a publications list has a difficult time in the job market. Graduate programs in reading should include coursework that will help students break into print. The content of such courses at Rutgers University (New Jersey) and at the University of Houston (Texas) have led to sizable percentages of students with published articles. These courses contained four basic components: (1) a survey of publications that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Course Content, Employment Qualifications, Graduate Students, Graduate Study, Higher...
Designed to identify and develop reading skills, stimulate the desire to read, promote an appreciation of literature, and encourage reading as a lifelong habit, the Department of Defense Dependents Schools Comprehensive Reading Program presented in this pamphlet outlines the major functions of the reading improvement specialist (RIS). These functions, as described in the pamphlet, include the following: (1) promoting the reading program by helping to implement and monitor it, (2) providing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Mainstreaming, Program...
Much of the literature concerning the challenges facing beginning teachers treats their problems as generic in nature. While researchers acknowledge the different problems encountered by beginning teachers, they often fail to take into account the varied knowledge, skills, beliefs, and dispositions which prospective teachers bring to their first years from their preservice teacher education programs. Further, many studies of beginning teachers are initiated in the fall of their first year of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Beginning Teacher Induction, Classroom Techniques, Curriculum Development, Elementary...
Computer-based career planning systems have been a reality for 25 years. Over this time span, the technology has changed dramatically--from very expensive, slow, low-storage mainframe computers to low-cost, fast, high-storage microcomputers. Similarly, the presentation made possible by the technology has changed from screens without color packed with text to screens with color, high-resolution graphics, and less text. However, the basic content of comprehensive computer-based career planning...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Career Information Systems, Computer Oriented Programs, Counseling...
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This report describes the North Dakota School District Boundary Restructuring Program that was adopted by the 1989 North Dakota legislature in an effort to offset declining population and school enrollment in rural areas. The program provides incentive money for clusters of school districts to join together to enhance educational opportunities for students and to make better use of limited educational and administrative services. At present the program includes 19 clusters of school districts...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Declining Enrollment, Economic Impact, Educational Administration, Educational...
Under the Improving America's Schools Act of 1994, the eligibility requirement to become a Title I schoolwide program is relaxed. As a result, there will be a dramatic increase in the number of schoolwide programs. The Kentucky Department of Education saw a critical need to develop a planning guide to be used for technical assistance to eligible schools. The guide is designed to be used in technical-assistance meetings or as a step-by-step process by the school throughout the planning year. It...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Improvement, Educational Planning, Elementary...
A study used qualitative methods, as part of a 2-year collaborative university/middle school effort, to understand the instructional reading practices in effect at the seventh-grade level and to investigate whether any of the practices might be related to differential reading performance of the school's African-American students. Few of the teachers felt comfortable teaching reading at the middle-school level. They tended to emphasize whole-class instruction, oral reading, and the coverage of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Students, Classroom Research, College School Cooperation, Curriculum...
In an audit of the records and procedures for ASA Institute of Computer and Business Technology, Inc. (ASA), the New York Office of the State Comptroller determined that ASA was overpaid $696,352 because school officials incorrectly certified certain students as eligible for Tuition Assistance Program (TAP) awards. This error was discovered using a statistical sample of 103 randomly selected awards from the 1,896 awards the school certified during the 3-year period ending June 1994. From the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audits (Verification), Community Colleges, Compliance (Legal), Educational Finance,...
This report asserts that college work-study programs have been very successful in creating wage-paying jobs for low-income students who need funds for college expenses. There are compelling reasons to build on this legacy of college work-study to create new work-study initiatives designed explicitly for welfare recipients. Some of the key program design and implementation issues that should be considered in planning new work-study initiatives are described. Two programs are described that could...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, College Students, Federal Programs, Higher Education, Low Income...
This study attempted to track students (n=2,077) who entered the University of Minnesota (Twin Cities campus) in 1986 but had not completed a degree at that institution within eight years of matriculation. The study utilized the Minnesota Higher Education Services Office's statewide database which allowed researchers to determine if, when, and where these students had reenrolled within Minnesota's higher education system. Characteristics and patterns of "stayers" and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Persistence, College Outcomes Assessment, Databases, Dropout Research,...
This sampler lists resources concerning evaluation and accountability related to mental health in schools that are relatively easy to access through libraries, by phone, or over the Internet. Part 1 includes references to books, book chapters, articles, briefs, reports, fact sheets, and other printed resources; guidebooks and models; agencies; web sites; and other related resources from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Center for Mental Health in Schools Training and Technical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accountability, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation, Internet, Mental Health,...
This booklet assumes that the first question that a mental health professional asks should not be what's wrong with this person, but what's making this person function like this. The answer may be that something's wrong with the way the person's environment is functioning, and, therefore, it is the environment that really should be changed, if feasible. Of course, whether or not the problem resides with the environment, the person may require some special assistance. The focus of this technical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Consultation Programs, Consumer Economics, Counseling, Evaluation, Intervention,...