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Continuing bibliography on aerospace medicine and biology with indexes
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Direct and Venus swingby trajectories to Mercury
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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Perhaps, the most exciting rescue, terrestrial or extra-terrestrial, is the successful return of the Apollo 13 crew to Earth in April of 1970. The mission s warning system engineer, Jerry Woodfill, who remains a NASA employee after 47 years of government service has examined facets of the rescue for the past 42 years. He will present "13 Things That Saved Apollo 13" from the perspective of his real time experience as well as two score years of study. Many are recent discoveries never...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APOLLO SPACECRAFT, RESCUE OPERATIONS, APOLLO 13 FLIGHT,...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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The origin and evolution of the solar system are analyzed. Physical processes are first discussed, followed by experimental studies of plasma-solid reactions and chemical and mineralogical analyses of meteorites and lunar and terrestrial samples.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PLANETARY EVOLUTION, SOLAR SYSTEM, ASTEROIDS, ASTROPHYSICS,...
The history of NACA and NASA from 1915 to 1980 is narrated. The impact of two world wars on aeronautics is reviewed. Research activity before and during World War II is presented. Postwar exploitation of new technologies is summarized. The creation of NASA and a comprehensive space program is discussed. Long range planning for a lunar mission is described. The Gemini project is reviewed. The Apollo project and side effects includng NASA's university and technology transfer programs are...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HISTORIES, MANNED SPACE FLIGHT, NASA PROGRAMS, SPACE...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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The success of space endeavors depends upon a space environment sufficiently free of debris to enable the safe and dependable operation of spacecraft. An environment overly cluttered with debris would threaten the ability to utilize space for a wide variety of scientific, technological, military, and commercial purposes. Man made space debris (orbital debris) differs from natural meteoroids because it remains in earth orbit during its lifetime and is not transient through the space around the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FLIGHT SAFETY, SPACE DEBRIS, SPACE FLIGHT, SPACECRAFT DESIGN,...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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This document has been produced and updated over a 21-year period. It is intended to be a handy reference document, basically one page per flight, and care has been exercised to make it as error-free as possible. This document is basically "as flown" data and has been compiled from many sources including flight logs, flight rules, flight anomaly logs, mod flight descent summary, post flight analysis of mps propellants, FDRD, FRD, SODB, and the MER shuttle flight data and inflight...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SPACE SHUTTLE MISSIONS, SPACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FLIGHTS,...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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An overview of the Viking Mars probe is presented. The Viking spacecraft is described and a brief history of the earlier observations and exploration of Mars is provided. A number of the Viking photographs of the Martian surface are presented and a discussion of the experiments Viking performed including a confirmation of the general theory of relativity are reported. Martian surface chemistry is discussed and experiments to study the weather on Mars are reported.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MARS (PLANET), MARS PHOTOGRAPHS, VIKING MARS PROGRAM, VIKING...
Laboratory and field tests of dead reckoning system for lunar roving vehicles
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Mr. Gruener received an M.S. in physical science, with an emphasis in planetary geology, from the University of Houston-Clear Lake in 1994. He then began working with NASA JSC.s Solar System Exploration Division on the development of prototype planetary science instruments, the development of a mineral-based substrate for nutrient delivery to plant growth systems in bio-regenerative life support systems, and in support of the Mars Exploration Rover missions in rock and mineral identification....
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LUNAR EXPLORATION, MARS EXPLORATION, MARS MISSIONS, PLANETARY...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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Project Gemini - spacecraft, space suits, astronaut selection and training, Gemini-Titan and Atlas-Agena launch vehicles, Gemini missions, and brief outline of Project Apollo
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Atlas of drawings and photographs of comets
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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The physical, chemical, thermodynamic, and geologic data on lunar rocks, minerals, and processes are summarized, and a set of data metals that might be extracted from lunar materials is presented.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CHEMICAL PROPERTIES, LUNAR GEOLOGY, MECHANICAL PROPERTIES,...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
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The Spring 1990 Introduction to Design class was asked to conceptually design second generation lunar vehicles and equipment as a semester design project. A brief summary of four of the final projects, is presented. The designs were to facilitate the transportation of personnel and materials. The eight topics to choose from included flying vehicles, ground based vehicles, robotic arms, and life support systems. A lunar flying vehicle that uses clean propellants for propulsion is examined. A...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY, LUNAR ATMOSPHERE, LUNAR BASES, LUNAR...
National meeting on manned space flight - proceedings
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
The joint U.S.-USSR experiments and the U.S. conducted unilateral experiments performed during the Apollo Soyuz Test Project are described. Scientific concepts and experiment design and operation are discussed along with scientific results of postflight analysis.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APOLLO SOYUZ TEST PROJECT, ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION,...
Nutrition in space environment - conference
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Chronology of astronautics and aeronautics in 1967
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
The development and characteristics of the support systems module for the Large Space Telescope are discussed. The following systems and described: (1) thermal control, (2) electrical, (3) communication and data landing, (4) attitude control system, and (5) structural features. Analyses of maintainability and reliability considerations are included.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE, SPACEBORNE ASTRONOMY, SPACEBORNE...
This chronology covers the 32-year history of orbital debris and near-Earth environmental concerns. It tracks near-Earth environmental hazard creation, research, observation, experimentation, management, mitigation, protection, and policy-making, with emphasis on the orbital debris problem. Included are the Project West Ford experiments; Soviet ASAT tests and U.S. Delta upper stage explosions; the Ariane V16 explosion, U.N. treaties pertinent to near-Earth environmental problems, the PARCS...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CHRONOLOGY, EARTH ORBITAL ENVIRONMENTS, ENVIRONMENT EFFECTS,...
Mercury project summary - results of fourth manned orbital flight
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has built the Lunar Surface Testbed using 200 tons of volcanic cinder and ash from the same source used for the simulant series JSC-1. This Technical Memorandum examines the alternatives examined for transportation and source. The cost of low-cost lunar simulant is driven by the cost of transportation, which is controlled by distance and, to a lesser extent, quantity. Metabasalts in the eastern United States were evaluated due to their proximity to MSFC....
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LUNAR SOIL, LUNAR ROCKS, TRANSPORTATION, MINERALS, VOLCANOES,...
Bibliographic citations, abstracts, and indexes on laser and maser research and development
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
This is the fourth publication of the 'Monographs in Aerospace History' series, prepared by the NASA History Office. These publications are intended to be tightly focused in terms of subject, relatively short in length, and reproduced to allow timely and broad dissemination to researchers in aerospace history. This publication details the arguments of John C. Houbolt, an engineer at the Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, in his 1961-1962 campaign to support the lunar-orbit rendezvous...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LUNAR SPACECRAFT, ORBITAL RENDEZVOUS, APOLLO PROJECT,...
Annotated bibliography on aerospace medicine and biology
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
In the past 40 years, thousands of objects have been placed in Earth orbit and are being tracked. Space hardware reentry survivability must be evaluated to assess risks to human life and property on the ground. The objective of this paper is to present results of a study to determine altitude of demise (burn-up) or survivability of reentering objects. Two NASA/JSC computer codes - Object Reentry Survival Analysis Tool (ORSAT) and Miniature ORSAT (MORSAT) were used to determine trajectories,...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROTHERMODYNAMICS, EARTH ORBITS, SPACECRAFT REENTRY, SPACE...
Visual observations of the earth are presented along with the corresponding photographs and maps for specific regions.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APOLLO SOYUZ TEST PROJECT, EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE),...
This document presents, in summary, a compilation of the physical and environmental parameters of the moon. A determined attempt has been made to be objective at all times. Many of the physical sciences are presented in sufficient depth to adequately identify the basic information available. It is expected that the appropriate references will be consulted when additional detail is required. It is obvious both from the text and the reference material that divergent opinions prevail and...
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
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Included are presentations from the 2nd International Planetary Probe Workshop. The purpose of the second workshop was to continue to unite the community of planetary scientists, spacecraft engineers and mission designers and planners; whose expertise, experience and interests are in the areas of entry probe trajectory and attitude determination, and the aerodynamics/aerothermodynamics of planetary entry vehicles. Mars lander missions and the first probe mission to Titan made 2004 an exciting...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SPACE PROBES, AEROSPACE VEHICLES, NANOTECHNOLOGY, ATMOSPHERIC...
This volume contains abstracts that have been accepted for presentation at the Workshop on the Role of Volatiles and Atmospheres on Martian Impact Craters, July 11-14,2005, Laurel, Maryland. Administration and publications support for this meeting were provided by the staff of the Publications and Program Services Department at the Lunar and Planetary Institute.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MARS CRATERS, MARS SURFACE, GEOPHYSICS, PLANETARY GEOLOGY,...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MANNED SPACE FLIGHT, MANNED SPACECRAFT, MISSION PLANNING,...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
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Chronological study of design and development of Gemini project
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
An analysis of the Apollo 17 flight is presented in the form of a preliminary science report. The subjects discussed are: (1) Apollo 17 site selection, (2) mission description, (3) geological investigation of landing site, (4) lunar experiments, (5) visual flight flash phenomenon, (6) volcanic studies, (7) mare ridges and related studies, (8) remote sensing and photogrammetric studies, and (9) astronomical photography. Extensive photographic data are included for all phases of the mission.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APOLLO LUNAR SURFACE EXPERIMENTS PACKAGE, APOLLO 17 FLIGHT,...
A glossary of terms (and definitions) in current usage for the space transportation system and associated payloads, as well as acronyms and abbreviations, are presented.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DICTIONARIES, MNEMONICS, PAYLOADS, SPACE TRANSPORTATION,...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
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Conference on portable life support systems for human protection
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BREATHING APPARATUS, CONFERENCES, HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING,...
This book is a narrative account of the development of the science program for the Apollo lunar landing missions. It focuses on the interaction between scientific interests and operational considerations in such matters as landing site selection and training of crews, quarantine and back contamination control, and presentation of results from scientific investigations. Scientific exploration of the moon on later flights, Apollo 12 through Apollo 17 is emphasized.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APOLLO FLIGHTS, APOLLO PROJECT, APOLLO SPACECRAFT, HISTORIES,...
Orbital space flight - trajectory analysis, orbital mechanics, perturbations, maneuvering, & rendezvous and satellite lifetime
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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The pressurized lunar rover (PLR) consists of a 7 m long, 3 m diameter cylindrical main vehicle and a trailer which houses the power and heat rejection systems. The main vehicle carries the astronauts, life support systems, navigation and communication systems, directional lighting, cameras, and equipment for exploratory experiments. The PLR shell is constructed of a layered carbon-fiber/foam composite. The rover has six 1.5 m diameter wheels on the main body and two 1.5 m diameter wheels on...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIR LOCKS, LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS, LUNAR ROVING VEHICLES,...
Galactic and non-galactic components of the diffuse H-alpha and H-beta night sky emissions were resolved with a Fabry-Perot spectrometer. The non-galactic component of both lines accounts for most of the emission at galactic latitudes greater than 30 deg. The intensities of the galactic component yield values for the average ionization rate per hydrogen atom that are between 10 to the minus 15th power and 10 to the minus 14th power s sup minus 1 assuming steady state ionization.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FABRY-PEROT SPECTROMETERS, H ALPHA LINE, H BETA LINE,...
Active university R and D activities funded by NASA which contribute to mission needs are documented. Technical rather than fiscal information is emphasized. A classification of government sponsored research is included. A cross index providing access to the project description is also included.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CATALOGS (PUBLICATIONS), GRANTS, INDEXES (DOCUMENTATION),...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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A sourcebook of information on the solar system and the technology used for its exploration is presented. An outline of the potential achievements of solar system exploration is given along with a course of action which maximizes the rewards to mankind.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SOLAR SYSTEM, SPACE EXPLORATION, ASTEROIDS, COMETS, ECONOMIC...
This is the final report of a Phase A Study of Alternate Space Shuttle Concepts by the Lockheed Missiles & Space Company (LMSC) for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The eleven-month study, which began on 30 June 1970, is to examine the stage-and-one-half and other Space Shuttle configurations and to establish feasibility, performance, cost, and schedules for the selected concepts. This final report consists of four volumes as...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COST ANALYSIS, SPACE SHUTTLES, SPACECRAFT DESIGN, ENGINEERING...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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Lunar nomenclature is cataloged. It includes letter designations for subsidiary craters, and uses a more familiar spelling from eight names. The listed features are divided into three main groups for cataloging purposes, namely: (1) craters, (2) noncrater features; and (3) minor and miscellaneous features.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LUNAR CRATERS, LUNAR SURFACE, NOMENCLATURES, CATALOGS...
The U. S., Russia, and, China have each addressed the question of human-rating spacecraft. NASA's operational experience with human-rating primarily resides with Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, Space Shuttle, and International Space Station. NASA s latest developmental experience includes Constellation, X38, X33, and the Orbital Space Plane. If domestic commercial crew vehicles are used to transport astronauts to and from space, Soyuz is another example of methods that could be used to human-rate a...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LESSONS LEARNED, SAFETY, SOYUZ SPACECRAFT, AEROSPACE SAFETY,...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
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Breathing mask for Apollo command module spacecrew
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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A fact sheet on the NASA space science program is presented. Some of the subjects considered include the following: (1) the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory, (2) the Orbiting Solar Observatory, (3) the Small Astronomy Satellite, (4) lunar programs, (5) planetary programs using the Mariner, Pioneer 10, and Viking space probes, and (6) the Scout, Thor-Delta, and Atlas-Centaur launch vehicles. For each program there is a description of the effort, the schedule, management, program officials, and...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), NASA PROGRAMS, OAO, OSO, PIONEER 10 SPACE PROBE, SAS, LAUNCH...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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The catalog was compiled from material provided by the planetary community for areas on Mars that are of potential interest for future exploration. The catalog has been edited for consistency insofar as practical; however, the proposed scientific objectives and characteristics have not been reviewed. This is a working catalog that is being revised, updated, and expanded continually.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CATALOGS (PUBLICATIONS), LANDING SITES, MARS (PLANET), MARS...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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A data users' note announces the availability of Apollo 13 pictorial data and aids the investigator in the selection of Apollo 13 photographs for study. This note provides guidance in the interpretation of the photographs. The note includes brief descriptions of the Apollo 13 mission objectives, photographic equipment, and photographic coverage and quality. The National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) can provide all forms of the photographs described.
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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A collection of more than 500 mosaics prepared from Viking Orbiter images is given. Accompanying each mosaic is a footprint plot, which identifies by location, picture number, and order number, each frame in the mosaic. Corner coordinates and pertinent imaging information are also included. A short text provides the camera characteristics, image format, and data processing information necessary for using the mosaic plates as a research aide. Procedures for ordering mosaic enlargements and...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ASTRONOMICAL CATALOGS, MARS PHOTOGRAPHS, MARS SURFACE,...
Annotated bibliography with subject, corporate source, and author indices on aerospace medicine and biology
Topic: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
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The Apollo 17 mission is discussed and illustrated. Lunar surface and orbital experiments are briefly described, and results are outlined.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APOLLO 17 FLIGHT, MOON, APOLLO LUNAR SURFACE EXPERIMENTS...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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The Voyager mission to Saturn is explained in detail. A history of Saturn observations from ancient times to the present is given. The Voyager spacecraft and their instruments are described. An overview of planetary astronomy is presented. The text is supplemented by numerous black and white and color photographs. The Saturn satellites are discussed in detail, and preliminary pictorial maps of the satellites are given.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SATURN (PLANET), SATURN SATELLITES, VOYAGER PROJECT,...
NASA Network Resource and Training Site
by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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The Apollo program is described from the planning stages through Apollo 17. The organization of the program is discussed along with the development of the spacecraft and related technology. The objectives and accomplishments of each mission are emphasized along with personal accounts of the major figures involved. Other topics discussed include: ground support systems and astronaut selection.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APOLLO PROJECT, APOLLO SPACECRAFT, LUNAR EXPLORATION, GROUND...