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NASA engineers use simulation software to detect and prevent interference between different radio frequency (RF) systems on a rocket and satellite before launch. To speed up the process, Kennedy Space Center awarded SBIR funding to Champaign, Illinois-based Delcross Technologies LLC, which added a drag-and-drop feature to its commercial simulation software, resulting in less time spent preparing for the analysis.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ARTIFICIAL SATELLITES, LAUNCHING, RADIO FREQUENCIES,...
A Martian pressure static charge elimination tool is currently in development in the Electrostatics and Surface Physics Laboratory (ESPL) at NASA's Kennedy Space Center. In standard Earth atmosphere conditions, static charge can be neutralized from an insulating surface using air ionizers. These air ionizers generate ions through corona breakdown. The Martian atmosphere is 7 Torr of mostly carbon dioxide, which makes it inherently difficult to use similar methods as those used for standard...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MARS ATMOSPHERE, ELECTROSTATICS, STATICS, COMPUTERIZED...
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Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PRINTING, ADDITIVES, MANUFACTURING, POWDER (PARTICLES),...
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Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COLLISIONS, NEUTRON STARS, GAMMA RAY BURSTS, JETS,...
Over the past decade, there has been much progress towards improved phenomenological modeling and algorithmic updates for the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method, which provides a probabilistic physical simulation of gas Rows. These improvements have largely been based on the work of the originator of the DSMC method, Graeme Bird. Of primary importance are improved chemistry, internal energy, and physics modeling and a reduction in time to solution. These allow for an expanded range of...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING, DIRECT NUMERICAL SIMULATION,...
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Software-Only-Simulations have been an emerging but quickly developing field of study throughout NASA. The NASA Independent Verification Validation (IVV) Independent Test Capability (ITC) team has been rapidly building a collection of simulators for a wide range of NASA missions. ITC specializes in full end-to-end simulations that enable developers, VV personnel, and operators to test-as-you-fly. In four years, the team has delivered a wide variety of spacecraft simulations that have ranged...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION,...
Stochastic radiation track structure codes are of great interest for space radiation studies and hadron therapy in medicine. These codes are used for a many purposes, notably for microdosimetry and DNA damage studies. In the last two decades, they were also used with the Independent Reaction Times (IRT) method in the simulation of chemical reactions, to calculate the yield of various radiolytic species produced during the radiolysis of water and in chemical dosimeters. Recently, we have...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), STOCHASTIC PROCESSES, GREEN'S FUNCTIONS, CHEMICAL REACTIONS,...
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J-2X engine testing on the A-2 test stand at the NASA John C. Stennis Space Center (SSC) has recently concluded. As part of that test campaign, the engine was operated at lower power levels in support of expanding the use of J-2X to other missions. However, the A-2 diffuser was not designed for engine testing at the proposed low power levels. To evaluate the risk of damage to the diffuser, computer simulations were created of the rocket engine exhaust plume inside the 50ft long, water-cooled,...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ROCKET ENGINES, ENGINE TESTS, EXHAUST GASES, HEAT TRANSFER,...
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Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, FINITE ELEMENT METHOD, DUMMIES,...
One of the greatest challenges when developing propulsion systems is predicting the interacting effects between the fluid loads, thermal loads, and structural deflection. The interactions between technical disciplines often are not fully analyzed, and the analysis in one discipline often uses a simplified representation of other disciplines as an input or boundary condition. For example, the fluid forces in an engine generate static and dynamic rotor deflection, but the forces themselves are...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MULTIDISCIPLINARY DESIGN OPTIMIZATION, LOADS (FORCES), DESIGN...
Simulation codes often utilize finite-dimensional approximation resulting in numerical error. Some examples include, numerical methods utilizing grids and finite-dimensional basis functions, particle methods using a finite number of particles. These same simulation codes also often contain sources of uncertainty, for example, uncertain parameters and fields associated with the imposition of initial and boundary data,uncertain physical model parameters such as chemical reaction rates, mixture...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, ERROR ANALYSIS, COMPUTERIZED...
A human-in-the-loop experiment was conducted at the NASA Ames Research Center Vertical Motion Simulator, where instrument-rated pilots completed a simulated terminal descent phase of a lunar landing. Ten pilots participated in a 2 x 2 mixed design experiment, with level of automation as the within-subjects factor and failure frequency as the between subjects factor. The two evaluated levels of automation were high (fully automated landing) and low (manual controlled landing). During test...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FAILURE, LUNAR LANDING, HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERFACE, SIMULATION,...
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by NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
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Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ROBOTICS, ROBOT DYNAMICS, SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, SOFTWARE...
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NASA is a household name in this day and age, known commonly as America's government-run powerhouse of innovation and space exploration. It is a common dream for students to be a part of NASA's workforce, but I did not realize that it was my dream until I found that I could not imagine working anywhere else. From August to December, I had the privilege of a co-op tour with NASA at the Johnson Space Center. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) first formed in the early...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DATA BASES, STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING, MODAL RESPONSE, SYSTEMS...
The work presented in this paper is to promote research leading to a closed-loop control system to actively suppress thermo-acoustic instabilities. To serve as a model for such a closed-loop control system, a one-dimensional combustor simulation composed using MATLAB software tools has been written. This MATLAB based process is similar to a precursor one-dimensional combustor simulation that was formatted as FORTRAN 77 source code. The previous simulation process requires modification to the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), COMBUSTION CHAMBERS,...
As part of the Phase 1 efforts of NASA's UAS-in-the-NAS Project a task was initiated to explore the merits of developing a system simulation capability for UAS to address airworthiness certification requirements. The core of the capability would be a software representation of an unmanned vehicle, including all of the relevant avionics and flight control system components. The specific system elements could be replaced with hardware representations to provide Hardware-in-the-Loop (HWITL) test...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SYSTEMS INTEGRATION, AIRCRAFT RELIABILITY, COMPUTERIZED...
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The Natural Environments Branch at Marshall Space Flight Center is an integral part of many NASA satellite and launch vehicle programs, providing analyses of the space and terrestrial environments that are used for program development efforts, operational support, and anomaly investigations. The space environment capabilities of the Natural Environments Branch at MSFC will be presented. These capabilities include model development, analysis of space and terrestrial related data, spacecraft...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROSPACE ENVIRONMENTS, LAUNCH VEHICLES, LOW EARTH ORBITS,...
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Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, CARBON DIOXIDE REMOVAL,...
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A computational approach to modeling direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) additive manufacturing process is presented. The primary application of the model is for determining the temperature history of parts fabricated using DMLS to evaluate residual stresses found in finished pieces and to assess manufacturing process strategies to reduce part slumping. The model utilizes MSC SINDA as a heat transfer solver with imbedded FORTRAN computer code to direct laser motion, apply laser heating as a...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ADDITIVES, MANUFACTURING, SINTERING, METALS, LASER...
In a large number of motion-base simulators, adaptive motion filters are utilized to maximize the use of the available motion envelope of the motion system. However, not much is known about how the time-varying characteristics of such adaptive filters affect pilots when performing manual aircraft control. This paper presents the results of a study investigating the effects of time-varying motion filter gains on pilot control behavior and performance. An experiment was performed in a motion-base...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PILOT PERFORMANCE, MANUAL CONTROL, MOTION SIMULATORS,...
The present study has three goals: (1) perform an experiment where a simple laminate damage process can be characterized in high detail; (2) evaluate the performance of existing commercially available laminate damage simulation tools by modeling the experiment; (3) observe and understand the underlying physics of damage in a composite honeycomb sandwich structure subjected to low-velocity impact. A quasi-static indentation experiment has been devised to provide detailed information about a...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPOSITE STRUCTURES, HONEYCOMB STRUCTURES, SANDWICH...
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We report the first demonstration of MEMS-based 4H-SiC piezoresistive pressure sensors tested at 750 C and in the process confirmed the existence of strain sensitivity recovery with increasing temperature above 400 C, eventually achieving near or up to 100% of the room temperature values at 750 C. This strain sensitivity recovery phenomenon in 4H-SiC is uncharacteristic of the well-known monotonic decrease in strain sensitivity with increasing temperature in silicon piezoresistors. For the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SILICON CARBIDES, PRESSURE SENSORS, PIEZORESISTIVE...
Context. Observations reveal a correspondence between chromospheric type II spicules and bright upward-moving fronts in the corona observed in the extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) band. However, theoretical considerations suggest that these flows are probably not the main source of heating in coronal magnetic loops. Aims. We investigate the propagation of high-speed chromospheric flows into coronal magnetic flux tubes and the possible production of emission in the EUV band. Methods. We simulated the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS, ASTRONOMICAL MODELS, CORONAL LOOPS,...
The engine control system for civil transport aircraft imposes operational limits on the propulsion system to ensure compliance with safety standards. However, during certain emergency situations, aircraft survivability may benefit from engine performance beyond its normal limits despite the increased risk of failure. Accordingly, control modes were developed to improve the maximum thrust output and responsiveness of a generic high-bypass turbofan engine. The algorithms were designed such that...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT, ENGINE CONTROL, CONTROL SURFACES,...
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The Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project was initiated in September of 2011 as part of the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program. Under the ARREM project, testing of sub-scale and full-scale systems has been combined with multiphysics computer simulations for evaluation and optimization of subsystem approaches. In particular, this paper describes the testing and modeling of the water desiccant subsystem of the carbon dioxide removal assembly...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ATMOSPHERIC MODELS, WATER, DESICCANTS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS,...
NASA Glenn Research Center, in collaboration with the aerospace industry and academia, has begun the development of technology for a future hybrid-wing body electric airplane with a turboelectric distributed propulsion (TeDP) system. It is essential to design a subscale system to emulate the TeDP power grid, which would enable rapid analysis and demonstration of the proof-of-concept of the TeDP electrical system. This paper describes how small electrical machines with their controllers can...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ELECTRIC PROPULSION, DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS, ELECTRIC...
A fluid-flow simulation over a computer-generated surface is generated using a quasi-simultaneous technique. The simulation includes a fluid-flow mesh of inviscid and boundary-layer fluid cells. An initial fluid property for an inviscid fluid cell is determined using an inviscid fluid simulation that does not simulate fluid viscous effects. An initial boundary-layer fluid property a boundary-layer fluid cell is determined using the initial fluid property and a viscous fluid simulation that...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), INVISCID FLOW, VISCOUS FLUIDS, FLUID FLOW, AERODYNAMIC...
A modular thermodynamic simulation package called the Toolbox for the Modeling and Analysis of Thermodynamic Systems (T-MATS) has been developed for the creation of dynamic simulations. The T-MATS software is designed as a plug-in for Simulink(Registered TradeMark) and allows a developer to create system simulations of thermodynamic plants (such as gas turbines) and controllers in a single tool. Creation of such simulations can be accomplished by matching data from actual systems, or by...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), THERMODYNAMICS, DATA SIMULATION, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION,...
The Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project was initiated in September of 2011 as part of the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program. Under the ARREM project, testing of sub-scale and full-scale systems has been combined with multiphysics computer simulations for evaluation and optimization of subsystem approaches. In particular, this paper describes the testing and modeling of various subsystems of the carbon dioxide removal assembly (CDRA). The goal...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, CARBON DIOXIDE REMOVAL,...
The Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) is the resistive exercise device used by astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) to mitigate bone loss and muscle atrophy due to extended exposure to microgravity (micro g). The Digital Astronaut Project (DAP) has developed a multi-body dynamics model of biomechanics models for use in spaceflight exercise physiology research and operations. In an effort to advance model maturity and credibility of the ARED model, the DAP performed...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION, EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY, BONE...
NASA is collaborating with private entities for the development of commercial space vehicles. The Space and Clinical Operations Division was tasked to review the oxygen and respiratory support system and recommend what capabilities, if any, the vehicle should have to support the return of an ill or injured crewmember. The Integrated Medical Model (IMM) was utilized as a data source for the development of these recommendations. The Integrated Medical Model (IMM) was used to simulate a six month,...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROSPACE MEDICINE, INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION, RESPIRATORY...
A design study was completed to explore the theoretical physical capacity (TPC) of the John F. Kennedy International Airport (KJFK) runway system for a northflow configuration assuming impedance-free (to throughput) air traffic control functionality. Individual runways were modeled using an agent-based, airspace simulation tool, the Airspace Concept Evaluation System (ACES), with all runways conducting both departures and arrivals on a first-come first-served (FCFS) scheduling basis. A...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SAFETY, AIRPORTS, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL, AIRSPACE, RUNWAYS,...
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Spacecraft charging occurs when charged particles from the surrounding space plasma environment contact a spacecraft and unequal charging currents result in a net charge density accumulation on or in spacecraft materials. Charging becomes a threat when differential potentials between two points on the spacecraft or between the spacecraft and the ambient space environment build to the level that electric fields associated with the potentials exceed the electric breakdown strength of the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SPACECRAFT CHARGING, AEROSPACE ENVIRONMENTS, CHARGED...
Life support systems for manned spacecraft must provide breathable air and drinkable water for the astronauts. Through the Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project, engineers at NASA are developing atmosphere control devices for the safety of the onboard crew. The atmosphere in a manned spacecraft needs to be regularly revitalized in order to ensure the safety of the astronauts and the success of the space mission. For missions lasting a few months, this...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS, MANNED SPACECRAFT, CARBON DIOXIDE...
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In April 2012, NASA directed Boeing to conduct a study to assess the feasibility of implementing a simplified soft capture system, as a possible replacement for the soft capture system portion of the baseline NASA Docking System (NDS). This paper describes the study conducted and conclusions drawn that supported the selection of the Soft Impact Mating and Attenuation Concept (SIMAC) as the replacement of the International Low Impact Docking System's (iLIDS) soft capture system.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SPACECRAFT DOCKING, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, DESIGN ANALYSIS,...
In a simultaneous paired approach to closely-spaced parallel runways, a pair of aircraft flies in close proximity on parallel approach paths. The longitudinal separation between the aircraft must be maintained within a range that avoids wake encounters and, if one of the aircraft blunders, avoids collision. To increase operational availability, the approach procedure must accommodate a mixture of aircraft sizes and, consequently, approach speeds. In these procedures, the slower aircraft is...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), KINEMATICS, AIRCRAFT APPROACH SPACING, RUNWAYS, COLLISION...
Icing calculations were performed for a NACA 0012 swept wing tip using LEWICE3D Version 3.48 coupled with the ANSYS CFX flow solver. The calculated ice shapes were compared to experimental data generated in the NASA Glenn Icing Research Tunnel (IRT). The IRT tests were designed to test the performance of the LEWICE3D ice void density model which was developed to improve the prediction of swept wing ice shapes. Icing tests were performed for a range of temperatures at two different droplet...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ICE FORMATION, AIRCRAFT ICING, SWEPT WINGS, LEADING EDGES,...
This paper describes the potential of the power campus located at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) in Cleveland, Ohio for microgrid development. First, the benefits provided by microgrids to the terrestrial power grid are described, and an overview of Technology Needs for microgrid development is presented. Next, GRC's work on development of autonomous control for manned deep space vehicles, which are essentially islanded microgrids, is covered, and contribution of each of these...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AUTONOMY, DEEP SPACE NETWORK, MANNED SPACECRAFT, SPACECRAFT...
Disclosed are methods and apparatuses provided for modifying the effect of an operator controlled input device on an interactive device to encourage the self-regulation of at least one physiological activity by a person different than the operator. The interactive device comprises a display area which depicts images and apparatus for receiving at least one input from the operator controlled input device to thus permit the operator to control and interact with at least some of the depicted...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TEAMS, GAMES, CONTROL THEORY, PHYSIOLOGY, BIOFEEDBACK,...
A modular thermodynamic simulation package called the Toolbox for the Modeling and Analysis of Thermodynamic Systems (T-MATS) has been developed for the creation of dynamic simulations. The T-MATS software is designed as a plug-in for Simulink (Math Works, Inc.) and allows a developer to create system simulations of thermodynamic plants (such as gas turbines) and controllers in a single tool. Creation of such simulations can be accomplished by matching data from actual systems, or by matching...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, THERMODYNAMICS, DATA SIMULATION,...
The Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is a control system for monitoring and launching manned launch vehicles. Simulations of ground support equipment (GSE) and the launch vehicle systems are required throughout the life cycle of SCCS to test software, hardware, and procedures to train the launch team. The simulations of the GSE at the launch site in conjunction with off-line processing locations are developed using Simulink, a piece of Commercial...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), COMMERCIAL OFF-THE-SHELF...
The project will continue the FY13 JSC IR&D (October-2012 to September-2013) effort in Travelling Wave Direct Energy Conversion (TWDEC) in order to demonstrate its potential as the core of a high potential, game-changing, in-space propulsion technology. The TWDEC concept converts particle beam energy into radio frequency (RF) alternating current electrical power, such as can be used to heat the propellant in a plasma thruster. In a more advanced concept (explored in the Phase 1 NIAC...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TRAVELING WAVES, ENERGY CONVERSION, BREADBOARD MODELS,...
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Recently, a small enzyme that ligates two RNA fragments with the rate of 10(exp 6) above background was evolved in vitro (Seelig and Szostak, Nature 448:828-831, 2007). This enzyme does not resemble any contemporary protein (Chao et al., Nature Chem. Biol. 9:81-83, 2013). It consists of a dynamic, catalytic loop, a small, rigid core containing two zinc ions coordinated by neighboring amino acids, and two highly flexible tails that might be unimportant for protein function. In contrast to other...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ENZYMES, RIBONUCLEIC ACIDS, ALANINE, RESIDUES, IN VITRO...
The formation of double-strand breaks (DSBs) and chromosomal aberrations (CAs) is of great importance in radiation research and, specifically, in space applications. We are presenting a new particle track and DNA damage model, in which the particle stochastic track structure is combined with the random walk (RW) structure of chromosomes in a cell nucleus. The motivation for this effort stems from the fact that the model with the RW chromosomes, NASARTI (NASA radiation track image) previously...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION,...
With the conclusion of the shuttle program in 2011, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) had found itself at a crossroads for finding transportation of United States astronauts and experiments to space. The agency would eventually hand off the taxiing of American astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS) that orbits in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) about 210 miles above the earth under the requirements of the Commercial Crew Program (CCP). By privatizing the round trip...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, GROUND OPERATIONAL SUPPORT SYSTEM,...
This Test Report summarizes the Truss Braced Wing (TBW) Aeroelastic Test (Task 3.1) work accomplished by the Boeing Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research (SUGAR) team, which includes the time period of February 2012 through June 2014. The team consisted of Boeing Research and Technology, Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Virginia Tech, and NextGen Aeronautics. The model was fabricated by NextGen Aeronautics and designed to meet dynamically scaled requirements from the sized full scale TBW FEM. The...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROELASTICITY, WINGS, TRUSSES, FLUTTER ANALYSIS, DYNAMIC...
The engine control system for civil transport aircraft imposes operational limits on the propulsion system to ensure compliance with safety standards. However, during certain emergency situations, aircraft survivability may benefit from engine performance beyond its normal limits despite the increased risk of failure. Accordingly, control modes were developed to improve the maximum thrust output and responsiveness of a generic high-bypass turbofan engine. The algorithms were designed such that...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT, ENGINE CONTROL, CONTROL SURFACES,...
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Topics include: JWST Integrated Simulation and Test (JIST) Core; Software for Non-Contact Measurement of an Individual's Heart Rate Using a Common Camera; Rapid Infrared Pixel Grating Response Testbed; Temperature Measurement and Stabilization in a Birefringent Whispering Gallery Resonator; JWST IV and V Simulation and Test (JIST) Solid State Recorder (SSR) Simulator; Development of a Precision Thermal Doubler for Deep Space; Improving Friction Stir Welds Using Laser Peening; Methodology of...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROSPACE SCIENCES, TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION, TECHNOLOGY...
The code RITRACKS (Relativistic Ion Tracks) has been developed over the last few years at the NASA Johnson Space Center to simulate the effects of ionizing radiations at the microscopic scale, to understand the effects of space radiation at the biological level. The fundamental part of this code is the stochastic simulation of radiation track structure of heavy ions, an important component of space radiations. The code can calculate many relevant quantities such as the radial dose, voxel dose,...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, STOCHASTIC PROCESSES, RADIATION...
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The Natural Environments Branch at Marshall Space Flight Center is an integral part of many NASA satellite and launch vehicle programs, providing analyses of the space and terrestrial environments that are used for program development efforts, operational support, and anomaly investigations. These capabilities include model development, instrument build and testing, analysis of space and terrestrial related data, spacecraft charging anomaly investigations, surface and internal charging...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROSPACE ENVIRONMENTS, LAUNCH VEHICLES, LOW EARTH ORBITS,...
NASA is using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations to lower the cost and increase the performance and stability of fuel injector designs for next-generation liquid rocket engines (LREs). The Loci-STREAM CFD code is used to simulate the complex combustion processes inside the LRE. These analyses enable efficient evaluation of the performance and stability characteristics of injector design concepts, while decreasing reliance on the costly test-fail-fix cycle of traditional design...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SPACECRAFT LAUNCHING, LIQUID PROPELLANT ROCKET ENGINES,...
A system and method for generating fluid flow parameter data for use in aerodynamic heating analysis. Computational fluid dynamics data is generated for a number of points in an area on a surface to be analyzed. Sub-areas corresponding to areas of the surface for which an aerodynamic heating analysis is to be performed are identified. A computer system automatically determines a sub-set of the number of points corresponding to each of the number of sub-areas and determines a value for each of...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AERODYNAMIC HEATING, DATA SYSTEMS, FLUID FLOW, COMPUTATIONAL...
The default method of dealing with missing data in statistical analyses is to only use the complete observations (complete case analysis), which can lead to unexpected bias when data do not meet the assumption of missing completely at random (MCAR). For the assumption of MCAR to be met, missingness cannot be related to either the observed or unobserved variables. A less stringent assumption, missing at random (MAR), requires that missingness not be associated with the value of the missing...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, DATA PROCESSING, COMPUTERIZED...
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The Natural Environments Branch at Marshall Space Flight Center is integral in developing, maintaining, and investigating NASA missions such as Space Launch Systems (SLS), currently under development, as well as many NASA and other agency satellite missions. We present the space environment capabilities of the Natural Environments Branch at MSFC. These in-house capabilities include model development, analysis of space and terrestrial related data, spacecraft charging anomaly investigations,...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROSPACE ENVIRONMENTS, SPACECRAFT LAUNCHING, SYSTEMS...
Millions of complex physics-based simulations are required for design of an aerospace vehicle. These simulations are usually performed by highly trained and skilled analysts, who execute, monitor, and steer each simulation. Analysts rely heavily on their broad experience that may have taken 20-30 years to accumulate. In addition, the simulation software is complex in nature, requiring significant computational resources. Simulations of system of systems become even more complex and are beyond...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), NEURAL NETS, KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS, MACHINE LEARNING,...
A modular thermodynamic simulation package called the Toolbox for the Modeling and Analysis of Thermodynamic Systems (T-MATS) has been developed for the creation of dynamic simulations. The T-MATS software is designed as a plug-in for Simulink(Trademark) and allows a developer to create system simulations of thermodynamic plants (such as gas turbines) and controllers in a single tool. Creation of such simulations can be accomplished by matching data from actual systems, or by matching data from...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, THERMODYNAMICS, THERMAL ANALYSIS,...
NASA's Solar Sail Demonstration project partner L'Garde is currently assembling a flight-like sail assembly for a series of ground demonstration tests beginning in 2015. For future missions of this sail that might validate solar sail technology, it is necessary to have an accurate sail thrust model. One of the primary requirements of a proposed potential technology validation mission will be to demonstrate solar sail thrust over a set time period, which for this project is nominally 30 days....
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SOLAR SAILS, SPACE FLIGHT, TRAJECTORIES, MISSION PLANNING,...
This paper describes the potential of the power campus located at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) in Cleveland, Ohio for microgrid development. First, the benefits provided by microgrids to the terrestrial power grid are described, and an overview of Technology Needs for microgrid development is presented. Next, GRC's work on development of autonomous control for manned deep space vehicles, which are essentially islanded microgrids, is covered, and contribution of each of these...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AUTONOMY, MANNED SPACECRAFT, SPACECRAFT CONTROL, TECHNOLOGY...
In 2011 the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) began a five-year Project to address the technical barriers related to routine access of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) in the National Airspace System (NAS). Planned in two phases, the goal of the first phase was to lay the foundations for the Project by identifying those barriers and key issues to be addressed to achieve integration. Phase 1 activities were completed two years into the five-year Project. The purpose of this paper...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), NASA PROGRAMS, SYSTEMS INTEGRATION, NATIONAL AIRSPACE SYSTEM,...
This paper provides an updated efficiency analysis of the LightForce space debris collision avoidance scheme. LightForce aims to prevent collisions on warning by utilizing photon pressure from ground based, commercial off the shelf lasers. Past research has shown that a few ground-based systems consisting of 10 kilowatt class lasers directed by 1.5 meter telescopes with adaptive optics could lower the expected number of collisions in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) by an order of magnitude. Our...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COLLISION AVOIDANCE, COLLISION PARAMETERS, PHOTONIC...
Recent NASA interest in utilizing solar electronic propulsion (SEP) technology to transfer payloads, e.g. from low-Earth orbit (LEO) to higher energy geostationary-Earth orbit (GEO) or to Earth escape, has necessitated the development of high fidelity SEP vehicle models and simulations. These models and simulations need to be capable of capturing vehicle dynamics and sub-system interactions experienced during the transfer trajectories which are typically accomplished with continuous-burn...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SOLAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION, ORBIT TRANSFER VEHICLES,...
The Integrated Medical Model (IMM) was designed to forecast relative changes for a specified set of crew health and mission success risk metrics by using a probabilistic (stochastic process) model based on historical data, cohort data, and subject matter expert opinion. A probabilistic approach is taken since exact (deterministic) results would not appropriately reflect the uncertainty in the IMM inputs. Once the IMM was conceptualized, a plan was needed to rigorously assess input information,...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROSPACE MEDICINE, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, TECHNOLOGICAL...
We explore the impact of obliquity variations on planetary habitability in hypothetical systems with high mutual inclination. We show that large-amplitude, high-frequency obliquity oscillations on Earth-like exoplanets can suppress the ice-albedo feedback, increasing the outer edge of the habitable zone. We restricted our exploration to hypothetical systems consisting of a solar-mass star, an Earth-mass planet at 1 AU, and 1 or 2 larger planets. We verified that these systems are stable for 108...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HABITABILITY, EXTRASOLAR PLANETS, PLANETARY ORBITS, PLANETARY...
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The LISA Pathfinder mission will demonstrate the technology of drag-free test masses for use as inertial references in future space-based gravitational wave detectors. To accomplish this, the Pathfinder spacecraft will perform drag-free flight about a test mass while measuring the acceleration of this primary test mass relative to a second reference test mass. Because the reference test mass is contained within the same spacecraft, it is necessary to apply forces on it to maintain its position...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FREE FLIGHT, GRAVITATIONAL WAVES, LISA (OBSERVATORY), ESA...
This article reports research that has been carried out under the aegis of NASA as part of a collaboration between ESA and NASA for solidification experiments on the International Space Station (ISS). The focus has been on the effect of convection on the microstructural evolution and macrosegregation in hypoeutectic Al-Si alloys during directional solidification (DS). Terrestrial DS-experiments have been carried out at Cleveland State University (CSU) and under microgravity on the International...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DIRECTIONAL SOLIDIFICATION (CRYSTALS), INTERNATIONAL SPACE...
Characterizing dust plumes on the moon's surface during a rocket landing is imperative to the success of future operations on the moon or any other celestial body with a dusty or soil surface (including cold surfaces covered by frozen gas ice crystals, such as the moons of the outer planets). The most practical method of characterizing the dust clouds is to analyze video or still camera images of the dust illuminated by the sun or on-board light sources (such as lasers). The method described...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SOIL EROSION, LUNAR DUST, ESTIMATES, ROCKET EXHAUST, EXHAUST...
A new model for terrestrial planet formation has explored accretion in a truncated protoplanetary disk, and found that such a configuration is able to reproduce the distribution of mass among the planets in the Solar System, especially the Earth/Mars mass ratio, which earlier simulations have generally not been able to match. Walsh et al. tested a possible mechanism to truncate the disk-a two-stage, inward-then-outward migration of Jupiter and Saturn, as found in numerous hydrodynamical...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TERRESTRIAL PLANETS, PLANETARY EVOLUTION, WATER, IMPACT,...
The Wind-US Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes solver was applied to the Hypersonic International Flight Research Experimentation (HIFiRE) Flight 2 scramjet ground test configuration. Two test points corresponding to flight Mach numbers of 5.9 and 8.9 were examined. The emphasis was examining turbulence model effects on the prediction of flow path pressures. Three variants of the Menter k-omega turbulence model family were investigated. These include the baseline (BSL) and shear stress transport...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), K-OMEGA TURBULENCE MODEL, GROUND TESTS, CONFIGURATIONS,...
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A thermal fluid system modeler including a plurality of individual components. A solution vector is configured and ordered as a function of one or more inlet dependencies of the plurality of individual components. A fluid flow simulator simulates thermal energy being communicated with the flowing fluid and between first and second components of the plurality of individual components. The simulation extends from an initial time to a later time step and bounds heat transfer to be substantially...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HIGH TEMPERATURE FLUIDS, THERMAL ANALYSIS, FLUID FLOW,...
A system for simulating operation of a VLSI interconnect structure having capacitive and inductive coupling between nodes thereof, including a processor, and a memory, the processor configured to perform obtaining a matrix X and a matrix Y containing different combinations of passive circuit element values for the interconnect structure, the element values for each matrix including inductance L and inverse capacitance P, obtaining an adjacency matrix A associated with the interconnect...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DYNAMIC MODELS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, VERY LARGE SCALE...
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The liftoff phase induces high acoustic loading over a broad frequency range for a launch vehicle. These external acoustic environments are used in the prediction of the internal vibration responses of the vehicle and components. Present liftoff vehicle acoustic environment prediction methods utilize stationary data from previously conducted hold-down tests to generate 1/3 octave band Sound Pressure Level (SPL) spectra. In an effort to update the accuracy and quality of liftoff acoustic loading...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ACOUSTIC MEASUREMENT, SOUND PRESSURE, NOISE SPECTRA,...
Research to develop high-speed airbreathing aerospace propulsion systems was underway in the late 1950s. A major part of the effort involved the supersonic combustion ramjet, or scramjet, engine. Work had also begun to develop computational techniques for solving the equations governing the flow through a scramjet engine. However, scramjet technology and the computational methods to assist in its evolution would remain apart for another decade. The principal barrier was that the computational...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HYPERSONIC VEHICLES, ALGORITHMS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION,...
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Conventional methods for reducing the pulsed thermographic responses of delaminations tend to overestimate the size of the flaw. Since the heat diffuses in the plane parallel to the surface, the resulting temperature profile over the flaw is larger than the flaw. A variational method is presented for reducing the thermographic data to produce an estimated size for the flaw that is much closer to the true size of the flaw. The size is determined from the spatial thermal response of the exterior...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), THERMOGRAPHY, THERMAL DIFFUSION, CARBON FIBER REINFORCED...
The Green Propellant Infusion Mission (GPIM) is sponsored by NASA's Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) Technology Demonstration Mission (TDM) office. The goal of GPIM is to advance the technology readiness level of a green propulsion system, specifically, one using the monopropellant, AF-M315E, by demonstrating ground handling, spacecraft processing, and on-orbit operations. One of the risks identified for GPIM is potential contamination of sensitive spacecraft surfaces from the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT, PLUMES, DIAGNOSIS, MONOPROPELLANTS,...
The AgMERRA and AgCFSR climate forcing datasets provide daily, high-resolution, continuous, meteorological series over the 1980-2010 period designed for applications examining the agricultural impacts of climate variability and climate change. These datasets combine daily resolution data from retrospective analyses (the Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, MERRA, and the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis, CFSR) with in situ and remotely-sensed observational datasets...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), RADIATIVE FORCING, DATA PRODUCTS, AGRICULTURE, CLIMATE,...
We present a novel ice cloud optical property parameterization based on a two-habit ice cloud model that has been proved to be optimal for remote sensing applications. The two-habit ice model is developed with state-of-the-art numerical methods for light scattering property calculations involving individual columns and column aggregates with the habit fractions constrained by in-situ measurements from various field campaigns. Band-averaged bulk ice cloud optical properties including the...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CLOUD PHYSICS, ICE CLOUDS, OPTICAL PROPERTIES,...
The process of developing an empirical model for jet-surface interaction noise is described and the resulting model evaluated. Jet-surface interaction noise is generated when the high-speed engine exhaust from modern tightly integrated or conventional high-bypass ratio engine aircraft strikes or flows over the airframe surfaces. An empirical model based on an existing experimental database is developed for use in preliminary design system level studies where computation speed and range of...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIRCRAFT DESIGN, NOISE PREDICTION, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION,...
The present study identifies a process for performing computational fluid dynamic calculations of the flow over full three-dimensional (3D) representations of complex ice shapes deposited on aircraft surfaces. Rime and glaze icing geometries formed on a NACA23012 airfoil were obtained during testing in the NASA Glenn Research Center's Icing Research Tunnel (IRT). The ice shape geometries were scanned as a cloud of data points using a 3D laser scanner. The data point clouds were meshed using...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, THREE DIMENSIONAL FLOW, ICE,...
A system and method for determining a cross flow angle for a feature on a structure. A processor unit receives location information identifying a location of the feature on the structure, determines an angle of the feature, identifies flow information for the location, determines a flow angle using the flow information, and determines the cross flow angle for the feature using the flow angle and the angle of the feature. The flow information describes a flow of fluid across the structure. The...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CROSS FLOW, AIR FLOW, ANGLES (GEOMETRY), SHEAR STRESS,...
The rising cost of jet fuel has renewed interest in contrarotating open rotor propulsion systems. Contemporary design methods offer the potential to maintain the inherently high aerodynamic efficiency of open rotors while greatly reducing their noise output, something that was not feasible in the 1980's designs. The primary source mechanisms of open rotor noise generation are thought to be the front rotor wake and tip vortex interacting with the aft rotor. In this paper, advanced measurement...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROACOUSTICS, ROTORS, PERFORMANCE PREDICTION, ROTOR...
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Over the years, avionics systems have increased in complexity to the point where 1st tier suppliers to an aircraft OEM find it financially beneficial to outsource designs of subsystems to 2nd tier and at times to 3rd tier suppliers. Combined with challenging schedule and budgetary pressures, the environment in which safety-critical systems are being developed introduces new hurdles for regulatory agencies and industry. This new environment of both complex systems and tiered development has...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AVIONICS, SYSTEMS ANALYSIS, AEROSPACE INDUSTRY, SYSTEMS...
Microwave radiometer observations have been used to retrieve snow depth and snow water equivalent on both land and sea ice, snow accumulation on ice sheets, melt events, snow temperature, and snow grain size. Modeling the microwave emission from snow and ice physical properties is crucial to improve the quality of these retrievals. It also is crucial to improve our understanding of the radiative transfer processes within the snow cover, and the snow properties most relevant in microwave remote...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), RADIATIVE TRANSFER, MICROWAVE EMISSION, DIRECT NUMERICAL...
Intelligent or autonomous control of an entire spacecraft is a major technology that must be developed to enable NASA to meet its human exploration goals. NASA's current long term human space platform, the International Space Station, is in low Earth orbit with almost continuous communication with the ground based mission control. This permits the near real-time control by the ground of all of the core systems including power. As NASA moves beyond low Earth orbit, the issues of communication...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CONTROLLERS, AUTONOMY, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN, DEEP SPACE,...
Currently, certification of engine designs for resistance to bird strike is reliant on physical tests. Predictive modeling of engine structural damage has mostly been limited to evaluation of individual forward section components, such as fan blades within a fixed frame of reference, to direct impact with a bird. Such models must be extended to include interactions among engine components under operating conditions to evaluate the full extent of engine damage. This paper presents the results of...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, IMPACT DAMAGE, HYBRID STRUCTURES, TURBOFAN...
The Toolbox for the Modeling and Analysis of Thermodynamic Systems (T-MATS) software package is an open source, MATLABSimulink toolbox (plug in) that can be used by industry professionals and academics for the development of thermodynamic and controls simulations.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROTHERMODYNAMICS, APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), USER...
Recent solar spectroscopic observations have shown that coronal spectral lines can exhibit asymmetric profiles, with enhanced emissions at their blue wings. These asymmetries correspond to rapidly upflowing plasmas at speeds exceeding approximately equal to 50 km per sec. Here, we perform a study of the density of the rapidly upflowing material and compare it with that of the line core that corresponds to the bulk of the plasma. For this task, we use spectroscopic observations of several active...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ASYMMETRY, SOLAR CORONA, SPECTRA, LINE SPECTRA, SOLAR...
Ionic liquid electrolytes have been proposed as a means of improving the safety and cycling behavior of advanced lithium batteries; however, the properties of these electrolytes under high lithium doping are poorly understood. Here, we employ both polarizable molecular dynamics simulation and experiment to investigate the structure, thermodynamics and transport of three potential electrolytes, N-methyl-Nbutylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsufonyl)imide ([pyr14][TFSI]), N-...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTES, LITHIUM, ION CURRENTS, METHYL...
The ability to compute rarefied, ionized hypersonic flows is becoming more important as missions such as Earth reentry, landing high mass payloads on Mars, and the exploration of the outer planets and their satellites are being considered. Recently introduced molecular-level chemistry models that predict equilibrium and nonequilibrium reaction rates using only kinetic theory and fundamental molecular properties are extended in the current work to include electronic energy level transitions and...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, KINETIC THEORY, CHEMICAL...
One way to increase the aircraft fuel efficiency is to reduce structural weight while maintaining adequate structural airworthiness, both statically and aeroelastically. A design process which incorporates the object-oriented multidisciplinary design, analysis, and optimization (MDAO) tool and the aeroelastic effects of high fidelity finite element models to characterize the design space was successfully developed and established. This paper presents two multidisciplinary design optimization...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING, MULTIDISCIPLINARY DESIGN...
The need for accurate material models to simulate the deformation, damage and failure of polymer matrix composites is becoming critical as these materials are gaining increased usage in the aerospace and automotive industries. While there are several composite material models currently available within LSDYNA (Livermore Software Technology Corporation), there are several features that have been identified that could improve the predictive capability of a composite model. To address these needs,...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), POLYMER MATRIX COMPOSITES, ELASTOPLASTICITY, STRESS-STRAIN...
While the ability of land surface conditions to influence the atmosphere has been demonstrated in various modeling and observational studies, the precise mechanisms by which land-atmosphere feedback occurs are still largely unknown particularly the mechanisms that allow land moisture state in one region to affect atmospheric conditions in another. Such remote impacts are examined here in the context of atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) simulations, leading to the identification of...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SOIL MOISTURE, ATMOSPHERIC GENERAL CIRCULATION MODELS, EARTH...
Candidate human missions to Mars, including NASA's Design Reference Architecture 5.0, have focused on conjunction-class missions with long crewed durations and minimum energy trajectories to reduce total propellant requirements and total launch mass. However, in order to progressively reduce risk and gain experience in interplanetary mission operations, it may be desirable that initial human missions to Mars, whether to the surface or to Mars orbit, have shorter total crewed durations and...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MARS MISSIONS, RISK ASSESSMENT, MARS EXPLORATION, SPACECREWS,...
As part of the NASA Vehicle Systems Safety Technologies (VSST), Assuring Safe and Effective Aircraft Control Under Hazardous Conditions (Technical Challenge #3), an effort is underway within Boeing Research and Technology (BR&T) to address Advanced Modeling and Uncertainty Quantification for Flight Dynamics (VSST1-7). The scope of the effort is to develop and evaluate advanced multidisciplinary flight dynamics modeling techniques, including integrated uncertainties, to facilitate higher...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AERODYNAMICS, AIRCRAFT CONTROL, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION,...
The results of an experimental calibration of the NASA Glenn Research Center 16 in. Mass-Flow Plug (MFP) are presented and compared to a previously obtained calibration of a 15 in. Mass-Flow Plug. An ASME low-beta, long-radius nozzle was used as the calibration reference. The discharge coefficient for the ASME nozzle was obtained by numerically simulating the flow through the nozzle from the WIND-US code. The results showed agreement between the 15 and 16 in. MFPs for area ratios (MFP to pipe...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SUPERSONIC WIND TUNNELS, PLUGS, MASS FLOW, CALIBRATING,...
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Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARIES, AIRSPACE, UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS, NATIONAL...
This lecture will provide an overview of the aircraft turbine engine control research at NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Glenn Research Center (GRC). A brief introduction to the engine control problem is first provided with a description of the current state-of-the-art control law structure. A historical aspect of engine control development since the 1940s is then provided with a special emphasis on the contributions of GRC. The traditional engine control problem has been...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ENGINE CONTROL, GAS TURBINE ENGINES, PROPULSION SYSTEM...
The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications-2 (MERRA2) version of the GEOS-5 (Goddard Earth Observing System Model - 5) Atmospheric General Circulation Model (AGCM) is currently in use in the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) at a wide range of resolutions for a variety of applications. Details of the changes in parameterizations subsequent to the version in the original MERRA reanalysis are presented here. Results of a series of atmosphere-only...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ATMOSPHERIC GENERAL CIRCULATION MODELS, METEOROLOGICAL...
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Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS, SKELETAL MUSCLE, PHYSIOLOGICAL...
Given the complex structural dynamics, challenging ascent performance requirements, and rigorous flight certification constraints owing to its manned capability, the NASA Space Launch System (SLS) launch vehicle requires a proven thrust vector control algorithm design with highly optimized parameters to provide stable and high-performance flight. On its development path to Preliminary Design Review (PDR), the SLS flight control system has been challenged by significant vehicle flexibility,...
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ADAPTIVE CONTROL, ALGORITHMS, AEROSPACE VEHICLES,...
NASA Langley Research Center has a long history of developing 2 micron lasers. From fundamental spectroscopy research, theoretical prediction of new materials, laser demonstration and engineering of lidar systems, it has been a very successful program spanning around two decades. This article covers the program development from the early research to the present instrumentation. A brief historical perspective of Tm:Ho work by early researchers is also given.
Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION, LASERS, OPTICAL RADAR, SPACE...