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This paper principally examines personality from a philosophical standpoint. First, problems related to the definition of this subject-matter are considered. Descriptive definitions and stipulative definitions are discussed. Second, a description of personality based on the Theory of Fuzzy Systems (TFS) and computers is suggested. The basic idea of this theory is that, in addition to the conventional sets and relations, vague sets and relations may also be used. It is noted that when fuzzy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Formation, Foreign Countries, Personality
This bibliography on the Yugoslavian educational system is divided into the following topics: history and development of education, education research, school reform, teacher training and teaching staff, schools and institutions, curricula and syllabi, audiovisual aids, polytechnical education, physical education, problems in education, hostels, management and finance, legislation, and education statistics. Related documents include ED 026 893, ED 034 459, ED 131 109, and ED 037 730. (LLR)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bibliographies, Education, Foreign Countries
Many new Council of Independent Colleges (CIC) programs and services are highlighted in this special anniversary Annual Report, amount them American Graduate Fellowships and "Ancient Greece in the Modern College Classroom." Other CIC initiatives continue to help campus leaders enhance their decision-making capacity, leadership expertise, educational programs, administrative and financial performance, and institutional visibility, and are described here. Information concerning award...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Awards, Private Colleges
Throughout a student's time in school, a variety of transitions will occur. From home to school, grade to grade, school to school, school to post-secondary training or employment, students experience changes in expectations, responsibilities and routines. This resource provides sample ideas and templates for creating a Learner Profile that students, teachers and parents can use as part of the transition planning process. The Learner Profile is designed to help students, parents and teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Profiles, Thompson, Carolyn
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
by ERIC
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Described in this issue of "Children in the Tropics" are handicraft, semi-industrial, and industrial projects which produce weaning foods in developing countries. The introductory section briefly discusses the global epidemiology of malnutrition and offers guidelines for combatting malnutrition. Chapter I provides a framework for reflection on the establishment of a workshop for the production of a weaning food, and discusses the decision to produce such food at a semi-handicraft...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Children, Developing Nations, Foreign Countries, Nutrition
Many university programs are offered offshore to students whose first language and culture is not the same as the program's creator and where teachers' language and culture may not be the same as the students or the creators. This study investigated potential conflicts in a Hong Kong setting in a mathematics foundation classroom using an ethnographic approach and analysed the data using Valsiner's Zone theory. It is important to investigate the issues that arise from implementing such a program...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Student Relationship, Galligan, Linda
A study applied artificial neural networks, trained with the back-propagation learning algorithm, to modelling phonemes extracted from the DARPA TIMIT multi-speaker, continuous speech data base. A number of proposed network architectures were applied to the phoneme classification task, ranging from the simple feedforward multilayer network to more complex modular architectures which attempt to assign classifier modules to different regions of the input space. Results showed that, in general,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, Communication Research, Foreign Countries, Phonemes, Speech
Established in 1999, the UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) is one of six UNESCO Institutes and Centers under the direction of the UNESCO Secretariat. The only UNESCO Institute in Africa, it is mandated to strengthen the capacities of the teacher education institutions of its 53 member states, and promote international cooperation for the development of education through the New Partnership for Africa's Development and the African Union. This report discusses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Schools, Educational Quality, International Cooperation
This paper is intended to support school authorities by summarizing research on professional development. The term professional development is used in a context that encompasses related terms such as staff development, training and in-service. The paper covers conceptions and understandings of professional development, processes and approaches related to professional development, effective environments for professional development, evaluation of professional development, and indicators of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Improvement, Professional Development, Foreign Countries
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
by ERIC
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Australia is a hotbed of Ed Tech activity. The Australian Council for Computers in Education is one of many active ISTE Affi liates in Australia, and through the New South Wales Computer Education Group it has brought ISTE two active educational leaders: Paul Meldrum and Gary Brown. Like many of our members, both of these men were so effective at using technology to teach that they were soon promoted out of the classroom. They miss working with students on a day-to-day basis, but Gary says they...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Meldrum, Paul|Brown, Gary
This report and the companion backgrounder "Supporting Persons with Disabilities in Post-Secondary Education" represent the work of the Foundational Learning and Diversity sub-committee. Within the larger context and framework of A Learning Alberta, the sub-committee focused on identifying priorities for community learning opportunities to better meet the diverse learning needs of adults who are under-represented in existing formal learning opportunities. They looked specifically at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Disabilities, Literacy, Informal Education, Adult Learning
In order to develop strategies for training future journalists, the New Zealand Council for Educational Research sponsored a survey of all journalists in all branches of the profession in New Zealand in 1987. The response rate was over 46%; 1,249 New Zealand journalists returned the survey. Major findings revealed that: (1) the proportion of female journalists is steadily increasing; (2) journalism continues to be a "young" profession; (3) less than 5% of the respondents were members...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Journalism, Journalism Education, Occupational Surveys
One of the sources for the observed differences between the occupational choices and preferences of women and men may be the way in which they perceive the considerations or aspects which are taken into account in the process of career decision making. That is, the different meanings men and women attribute to the various aspects may give rise to differences in their career preferences. An examination was made of the possible differences in the meanings attributed to career-related aspects by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Decision Making, Foreign Countries, Sex Differences
China issued two educational principles in 1960s and 1990s respectively. Both are composed of three fundamental elements--general aim of education, concrete purposes of education and ways of realizing them. Both emphasize the combination of education and work as well as the all-round development of the educatee. The difference between the two is that the former stipulates that education should serve the proletarian politics and education of laboring people while the latter provides that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Principles, Yang, Tianping
This comparative higher education bibliography from the graduate program in Higher Education at University of Texas at Austin provides references with publication dates through 1990 under the following categories: "General and Canada" (85); "Africa (Sub-Sahara)" (23); "Asia" (122); "Australia and New Zealand" (25); "Western Europe" (168); "Great Britain" (56); "Latin America" (81); "Middle East" (23); "USSR and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
Research messages 2004 is a collection of summaries on all research projects published or completed by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research in 2004. It is the first year such a product has been produced by NCVER. The summaries are clustered under five broad themes used by NCVER to organize all of its VET research and analysis: (1) Industry and employers; (2) Students and individuals; (3) Teaching and learning; (4) VET system; and (5) VET in context. Fifty-six pieces of work are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Case Studies
This conference was designed to facilitate an exchange of information and experiences on the major issues in research with human subjects. In each session, a speaker from the United States and one from the United Kingdom reviewed procedures, progress, and problems related to a particular topic, leading to a thorough discussion of the advantages or disadvantages of the systems being compared. Each presentation thus provided a significant review of the topic under discussion. The following topics...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Medical Research, Research Design
The premise of this book is that economic growth has made life considerably worse for people in Britain since 1955 and that, even if growth were beneficial at one stage in human history, it is now damaging. The book presents evidence of social and environmental damage caused by growth and several reasons for a persistence of growth in the face of this damage. It is proposed that the real reason growth has not been stopped is that economic systems would collapse if it did. The book looks at the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Environment, Foreign Countries, Policy, Pollution, Sustainable Development
The ability of 2-year-olds to carry out a forward search strategy was examined in a study of performance on platform rotation problems. One group of children was tested successively on two analogous versions of a task. The two versions shared the same underlying principle but had different surface characteristics. A control group was given an unrelated problem, and was then tested on the platform rotation tasks. Findings showed that 2-year-olds were able to use a sophisticated forward search...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Ability, Foreign Countries, Infant Behavior, Problem Solving
Fifteen author-contributed papers are presented from the 1983 First European Conference on Research in Rehabilitation. The following titles and authors are represented: "Disability in a Large Public Sector Work Force" (D. Walker); "The Accidents and Absence of Disabled People at Work" (M. Kettle); "Employment Rehabilitation of Production Workers in Heavy Industry" (S.P. Whalley and H.J. Watson); "Systematic Work Design for Disabled People); (M. Hartenbach et...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disabilities, Employment, Foreign Countries, Rehabilitation, Vocational Rehabilitation
The introduction of new scholarships and awards in Canadian college athletics led to a panel discussion at the 1971 Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation on the issue of opposing or supporting such scholarships. The first participant supported them and felt it was wrong to assume Canadian sports would automatically imitate American mistakes of ignoring the athlete's academic life and allowing too much recruitment activity. The second participant felt athletes do...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletes, Athletics, Awards, Foreign Countries, Recruitment, Scholarships
The multivariate technique OVERALS is introduced as a non-linear generalization of canonical correlation analysis (CCA). First, two sets CCA is introduced. Two sets CCA is a technique that computes linear combinations of sets of variables that correlate in an optimal way. Two sets CCA is then expanded to generalized (or k sets) CCA. The formulation for the OVERALS technique fits well in the general tradition of "k" sets methods. The formulation is based on a minimization of the loss...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Correlation, Foreign Countries, Generalization, Multivariate Analysis, Statistical...
This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, a bi-annual publication in English and French, looks at the practical and operational aspects of dealing with HIV/AIDS in the African context: school-based anti-AIDS clubs and life skills approaches to HIV/AIDS education in Africa, and the ways in which they promote healthy lifestyles that enable young people to acquire knowledge and develop attitudes and proficiency which support the adoption of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Newspapers, Clubs
The graduate of the Hairstylist apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to perform the following tasks: (1) haircutting; (2) chemical texturing, chemical relaxing; (3) hair colouring; (4) eyebrow and eyelash treatment; (5) facial services for hairstyling purposes (moustaches and beards); (6) wigs and hair additions; (7) hair and scalp shampooing, treatments and massage; (8) wet to dry styling; and (9) perform assigned tasks in accordance with quality and production...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Apprenticeships, Course Descriptions, Cosmetology, Service...
This paper provides an overview of themes from the history of the AARE and relates them to current debates around educational research, its methodologies, methods and means of dissemination.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Professional Associations, Gill, Judith
The Aristotelian approach to definition, labeled essentialism, is examined, and its relationship to sociolinguistics is discussed. Aristotle taught that a definition points to the essence of something, perhaps by naming it, and then describes it. Popper criticized this approach to definition as overly verbose in that it invites an infinite regression of definitions, and is not helpful in understanding the universe. It is proposed here that, as in other disciplines, many sociolinguists follow...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Definitions, Foreign Countries, Linguistic Theory, Sociolinguistics
In 1932, F. C. Bartlett first used the concept of "schema" borrowing it from Head, to suggest a unitary structure whose elements interacted in a complex way. This structure, which aimed to insure the continuity of the cognizing organism, was at the same time the expression of the functional principle responsible for the mutual interdependence among an organism, a human being, and the environment. Current research on cognitive processes frequently refers to the concept of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Ecology, Foreign Countries, Schemata (Cognition)
A primary difference between spontaneous speech and read speech concerns the use of false starts, where a speaker interrupts the flow of speech to restart his or her utterance. A study examined the acoustic aspects of such restarts in a widely-used speech database, examining approximately 1000 utterances, about 10% of which contained a restart. Identifying the type of restart in such cases could improve the performance of an automatic speech recognizer, by eliminating from consideration some...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communication Research, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Speech Communication
The report lists the membership for various department-related groups. Following introductory remarks by Director D. W. Crowley, the report lists the replacements on the Joint Committee for Tutorial Classes and the University Extension Board and cites the professional activities of some of the members of the academic staff. The transfer of the Hunter Valley program to the jurisdiction of the University of Newcastle, the status of the Metropolitan Tutorial Classes, and the effects of economic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Annual Reports, College Administration, Foreign Countries
The history of sports is closely tied to the larger history of the society in which they are played. Baseball in the United States in the 1920's and l930's assumed a major role in spreading the ideals of fair play, sportsmanship, and democracy to the Far East, with tours by amateur athletes and professionals such as Lou Gehrig and Babe Ruth. Even after the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924, it was felt that Baseball Diplomacy should continue in order to lessen Japanese resentment at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Baseball, Foreign Countries, International Relations, Sportsmanship
Most career decisions involve compromises. The need to compromise can be attributed to the fact that the characteristics of the options in the occupational world do not necessarily match the ideal career image of the career decision maker. This study examined the readiness to compromise and the content of compromise in 1,252 deliberating women and 751 deliberating men who used "MESHIV"--a computer-assisted career decision making system. Participants were aged 18 or older. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Attitudes, Career Choice, Foreign Countries, Sex Differences
The future schooling scenarios prepared by the OECD/CERI (OECD, 2001) are the focus of this article, first because they provide a useful tool for futures thinking in educational settings and, second, because they provide an analytic framework to investigate how notions of citizenship are embedded in educational policies and in the organisation of compulsory schooling. This article outlines the scenarios developed by the OECD/CERI, describes how these were used to conduct a survey of educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Citizenship, Educational Policy, Surveys, Mutch, Carol
Common approaches to coping are discussed, followed by a description of the process of women coping with breast cancer as it is expressed in their own poems. Qualitative analysis was conducted on eight poems, with the results opening new avenues for counselors who work with women suffering from breast cancer. (Contains 54 references.) (GCP)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Coping, Counseling Techniques, Foreign Countries, Poetry, Jacoby, Rebecca
This study examines linguistic change as it is found in the works of Daniel Pennac. It discusses heterogeneity at different levels--phonetic, lexical, syntactical, and stylistic--which leaves traces in the language itself of the mixture of different races and cultures, and is highlighted by the microcosm of the neighborhood of Belleville in Paris. Such social and cultural heterogeneity, which imposes linguistic changes to the language due to racial coexistence, reflects a period of transition,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Influences, Foreign Countries, French, Bartoli, Antonella Leoncini
In the fall of 2004, the Institute for Educational Leadership (IEL) convened members of the School Leadership Learning Community (SLLC) and invited guests for three invitational, issue-focused meetings. Each of the meetings was conducted as a modified Select Seminar (www.casdany.neric.org/history3.htm) and explored an issue specific to preparing and supporting school leaders. The discussions were held in an environment conducive to open and honest dialogue and participants were encouraged to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Speech Communication, Rural Schools
"Pride and Prejudice," owing to its romantic and superb language, enjoys a great audience and has at least five Chinese versions in circulation. Among them are two versions which are translated by the most authoritative translators published in China: the version translated by Wang Keyi and the version translated by Sun Zhili. The former got its first edition in 1956 while the latter was first published in the year of 1994. In terms of the ideology, the different features of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Novels, Translation, Ideology, Zhang, Feng
This study asks, To what degree has the Civitas: An International Civic Education Exchange Program in Bosnia and Herzegovina been effective in creating or promoting attitudes and values that serve to strengthen support for democratic institutions and processes among Bosnia and Herzegovina school children? To answer this question, an empirical study was conducted with nearly two thousand upper elementary and secondary students in Bosnia and Herzegovina in May 1999. This report provides evidence...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Foreign Countries, Social Studies, Soule, Suzanne
At its fifteenth session, the General Conference deemed it desirable that an international instrument be drawn up for the international standardization of statistics relating to libraries, in the form of a recommendation to Member States. Thus, the Director-General drew up a preliminary report together with a preliminary draft recommendation (See LI 002 088). These were sent under cover of a circular letter dated 16 July 1969 to Member States, who were invited to submit their comments and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Libraries, Standards, Statistics
The General Conference, at its fifteenth session, deemed it desirable that an international instrument be drawn up for the standardization of statistics relating to libraries in the form of a recommendation to Member States. In accordance with the "Rules of Procedure concerning Recommendations to Member States and International Conventions..." the Director-General drew up the present report on the position with regard to the problem to be regulated by the recommendation and on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Libraries, Standards, Statistics
The Eleventh Annual Report contains a summary of the National Library of Australia's activities for the period 1970 through 1971. Included in the report are sections on: (1) Management of the Library, (2) Service to the Public, (3) Development of the General Collection, (4) Australian Collections and Services, (5) National Bibliography, (6) Library Services to Commonwealth Territories, (7) National Clearing Center, (8) Education for Librarianship, (9) Orientation and Use of the Building and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annual Reports, Foreign Countries, Library Planning, National Libraries
This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, published bi-annually in English and French, sheds light on the needs of teachers and teacher training in emergency situations with practical approaches and strategies provided on capacity building in the area of teacher education. Furthermore, it ventures into the examination of major components of education for reconstruction with some concrete examples drawn from the work of educators in the area of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Peace, Newspapers, Emergency Programs
The nature and use of names are the focus of a resarch report published in a Canadian journal. The article presents the results of a study of college and university sports teams' nicknames, including major categories of names (human, animal world, mythical, etc.), and frequency of names. The report concludes with a discussion of the social implications of name choices. (HTH)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Foreign Countries, Geography, Higher Education, Language Research
Previous literature suggests that young children are relatively insensitive to viewpoint in drawing, only showing their view when the task demands it. In contrast, older children appear to become more sensitive to viewpoint, and it has been claimed that there is a developmental progression towards portrayal of viewpoint though linear perspective. This study investigated sensitivity to viewpoint by direct manipulation of the child's view. A total of 225 children of 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 years of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Age Differences, Children, Foreign Countries, Freehand Drawing
Money has significant impact on people's motivation and behavior. This study examined attitudes toward money of first-year undergraduate university students (N=68) in National Taiwan University. The Money Ethic Scale (MES) was used to identify six factors concerning the meaning of money: good, evil, achievement, respect, budget, and freedom. A personality questionnaire measured the Protestant Work Ethic (PWE), the leisure ethic, and the internal-external locus of control. The results indicated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Student Attitudes
The Group of Eight (Go8) appreciates the opportunity to contribute to the consultation about the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA)--Draft Provider Standards. These are some overarching questions regarding the application of the Draft Provider Standards and their interaction with the broader regulatory framework in which universities operate: (1) How will the provider standards be applied to universities, established under State and Territory acts?; and (2) How do the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Postsecondary Education, Accreditation (Institutions), Standards, Universities,...
The subjective nature of assessment focuses attention on the prior perceptions that workplace assessors can bring to formal assessment activities, regarding the competence of workers. This paper draws on a study into workplace learning and assessment practices and the construction of worker identities, which was conducted at three food production companies in North East Victoria. The paper proposes that, rather than concentrating principally on planned, formal assessment activities to determine...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Food Service, Evaluation, Foreign Countries, Timma, Hilary
By analyzing reasons for and problems in China universities' non-institutionalized power structure, this paper tries to prove the limits of non-institutionalized power structure making up for institutionalized power structure in universities, with the hope of revealing the deep reasons for the institutionalized structure imbalance in universities.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Universities, Power Structure, Problems, Liu, Yuting
This publication presents early estimates of apprentice and trainee commencements for the June quarter 2010. Indicative information about this quarter is presented here; the most recent figures are estimated, taking into account reporting lags that occur at the time of data collection. The early trend estimates are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.64, June 2010. Data are only available for commencements at the national level and have been seasonally adjusted and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Apprenticeships, Trainees, Vocational Education, Trend Analysis, Foreign Countries
The scope of these recommended standards for policy and provision of school library resource centers in Great Britain encompass the following six areas: (1) scope and arrangement of the memorandum; (2) the purpose and function of the school library; (3) administration, organization and finance; (4) staff: duties, status and qualifications; (5) stock: books and other materials and (6) school library accommodation. (MM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Library Standards, Resource Centers, School Libraries
Although the main characteristics of procedural discourse are well known, less is known about its various subtypes. Most of the data for the present paper are taken from Category E (skills, trades, and hobbies) in the Brown and LOB corpora, supplemented with examples from computer manuals and a manual for drivers. Following a survey of previous research on procedural discourse, a formulaic definition of procedural discourse is offered: X PRESCRIBE HOW Y DO Z, where X is the knowledgeable text...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discourse Analysis, Foreign Countries, Text Structure, Written Language
This report describes an eating disorder as a multi-dimensional physiological, psychological, social, and cultural illness. A chart describing the typical anorexic and bulimic is included which has on its horizontal axis the predisposing, precipitating, perpetuating, professional help, and prevention factors of anorexia nervosa and bulimia. On its vertical axis, each factor is further divided into physical or physiological contributing factors, psychological or emotional contributing factors,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia, Foreign Countries, Intervention, Prevention
The Tenth Annual Report contains a summary of the National Library of Australia's activities for the period 1969 through 1970. Included in the report are sections on: (1) Functions and Management of the Library, (2) Royal Visit, (3) Reference Services, (4) Development of the General Collection, (5) Australian Collections and Services, (6) Oriental Studies Collections and Services, (7) Pictorial Collections and Services, (8) Rare Book Collections and Services, (9) Organization of the Library and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annual Reports, Foreign Countries, Library Planning, National Libraries
Approximately 10 to 15 years ago the Swedes became aware that the incidence of cohabitation under marriage-like conditions but without marriage had increased tremendously. This increasingly prevalent social behavior raised problems concerning the legal custody of the children of such unions and, ultimately, a way of granting unmarried parents joint custody of their children was worked out. For Americans and Norwegians joint custody became a social issue in the context of divorce. Research and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Legal Problems, Marital Status, Parent Responsibility
This publication, presented in pocket guide format, contains highlights from the 2004 vocational education and training (VET) statistics collection. It also includes key data on VET, apprentices and trainees' training activity, and information on technical and further education (TAFE) graduates obtained from the 2004 Student Outcomes Survey. Among the highlights: (1) 1.6 million students were enrolled in the public VET system in 2004; (2) The training participation rate of the working-age...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries
A great deal of disagreement exists as to whether the writing systems of the Brahmi family of scripts from Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent and the Hangul script of Korea should be classified as alphabets or syllabaries. Both have in common a mixture of syllabic and alphabetic characteristics that has spawned vigorous disagreement among scholars as to their classification. An analysis of the alphabetic and syllabic aspects of the two writing systems is presented and it is demonstrated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alphabets, Foreign Countries, Language Classification, Written Language
Articles in this issue, written in Spanish, focus on the following: the philosophy of Jaime Torres Bodet (humanistic vision of adult education; objectives of public education in Mexico; Mexico and the issue of culture; The Mexican National Museum of History; Enrique Gonzalez Martinez, poet of all hours; Marti, Cuba's champion; educational challenges; homage to Master Antonio Caso; Cervantes and Don Vasco de Quiroga; Bolivar's presence; adult education; renunciation of the UNESCO...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, Literacy Education
This paper describes the experience of a counseling psychologist who completed a Senior Fulbright Teaching Lectureship at Moscow State Pedagogical University in Moscow, Russia from February 19 to April 24, 1992. The primary goal of the paper is to provide observations about Russian education, the status of counseling, and life in Moscow 6 months after the failed coup d'etat. Secondly, the paper is written to encourage other counseling professionals to apply for Fulbright Awards in Russia and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Instruction, Counseling, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Psychology
The Dakar 2000 goal of Education For All (EFA) is at the center of UNESCO's education activities worldwide. The wide-ranging efforts to achieve EFA in many countries involve education reform, development strategies and plans. Decentralization, a major component in modernizing the public sector, is also applicable to the education sector. The handbook offers an introduction and step-by-step guidelines on planning tools that aim to assist education administrators in planning and decision making...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Public Sector, Higher Education
All over the world, distance mode of education is gaining a momentum and becoming more popular than conventional education. It is a system in which schools, universities and other educational agencies offer instruction wholly or partly by mail. Eritrea is a newly independent country in Africa is been facing many challenges particularly in its education sector. It did not have more educational institutions at tertiary level. Thus the distance learning is the best option for this country. An...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Schools, Distance Education, Rena, Ravinder
A comprehensive analysis of English "as" clauses in terms of distribution and interpretation is offered. It is hypothesized that "as" clauses provide a supplementary explanation to the head noun (adnominal "as" clauses) and provide the propositional content of the main clauses (sentential "as" clauses.) "As" clauses, whether they seem to function as adnominal or sentential, should be regarded as adverbial clauses. (Contains 19 references.) (JP)
Topics: ERIC Archive, English, Foreign Countries, Function Words, Nouns, Phrase Structure
This paper identifies the directions in which new developments in educational planning are moving and draws some conclusions on how the training of specialists in the field of educational planning is likely to be affected by changing notions and practices. The first part of the paper outlines the assumptions that have characterized the field in recent years. These assumptions are concerned with planning as social research; the distribution of education; the quantity, quality, and content of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Needs, Educational Planning, Foreign Countries
Computer-assisted career guidance systems (CACGS) are one of the tools used by career counselors to facilitate the career decision making process of deliberating counselees. These systems are characterized by some inherent contradictions and face problems which must be solved or circumvented in order to increase their usefulness. Considering the apparent advantages CACGs one may ask why they are not used even more widely. A possible answer to this question is that many systems face difficulties...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Career Guidance, Counseling Effectiveness, Foreign Countries
This study sought to determine whether changes in personality functioning occurred in teenagers participating in a one-month homestay in Japan. Subjects included exchange participants (N=154) and non-participant control group members (N=112) who were nominated by the exchange group. The California Psychological Inventory was administered to both groups prior to the exchange, once again at its conclusion, and a third time 4 months later. Results showed that the exchange group increased in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Exchange Programs, Foreign Countries, Personality Change, Travel
As today's society places more and more emphasis on preventive mental health, the use of counselors and psychologists as consultants on the radio is a viable alternative form of public education. The radio can be used to educate and inform the public about psychological issues. In 1982, a local radio station in Edmonton, Alberta aired the first program of "That's Living," a talk show that was hosted by psychiatrists and psychologists. This radio program provided a context where...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Counseling, Educational Radio, Foreign Countries, Mental Health, Wellness
This report describes the DELTA (Development of European Learning through Technological Advance) Pre-Pilot project, which was designed to develop a European Learning System Reference Model that would bring structure into discussions of European Learning Technology, and would function as an intermediary and consensus-identifying tool. The first section of the report provides the background on project organization and assumptions. The second section summarizes some of the activities and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communications, Educational Technology, Foreign Countries, International Programs,...
Inverse translation has long been seen in the negative light in modern translation studies, and has thus been relegated to a sort of second class endeavour. Based on a brief comparative study of English translations of Wenxin Diaolong, a Chinese literary classic, this paper argues that inverse translation is as legitimate and feasible as direct translation in China, and that the assessment of quality of translation should be based more on the translator's translation competence and translation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Translation, Chinese, English, Shi, Jiasheng
Research has shown, and educators in the field have acknowledged, that students with visual impairments (those who are blind or have low vision) who are in general education, as well as in special education, settings, can lack social competence (Bauman, 1973; Davidow, 1974; Doll, 1953; Hatlen, 2000, 2003; Huebner, 1986; Sacks, Kekelis, & Gaylord-Ross, 1997; Sacks & Silberman, 2000; Schindele, 1974; Stockley & Brooks, 1995; Tuttle, 1987; Van Hasselt, Hersen, & Kazdin, 1985). For...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Competence, Visual Impairments, Special Education,...
This outline of how to establish and maintain an Asian national union catalog contains basic instruction for the staff and for the participating libraries of one of West Asia's largest union catalogs. It has been prepared to: (1) define and clarify the purposes of the Iranian National Union Catalog; (2) explain the policies and procedures under which it operates, (3) establish uniform entries and cards and (4) describe participation and service. (LI 004244 through 004263 and LI 004265 through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, Foreign Countries, Library Science, Union Catalogs, Harvey, John F.
"Attrition in the trades," by Tom Karmel, Patrick Lim and Josie Misko, analyses whether attrition--the gradual reduction or weakening of a workforce--occurs more amongst tradespeople than professionals, and if this is to the detriment of the supply of tradespeople. The authors use data from the Australian Labour Mobility Survey in 2008 and 1994. This provides a useful comparison because in 2008 the labour market was in a good state--but the economic crisis was on the horizon--but in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Labor Turnover, Skilled Occupations, Professional Occupations, Occupational Mobility,...
The independent Democracy Commission was established in June 2003 as a result of two think-tanks, Action for Social Change (TASC) in Dublin and Democratic Dialogue in Belfast. It was set up to consider the capacity of Irish Democracy to be inclusive, participatory and egalitarian in the twenty first century. Seeking to engage with a broad cross section of audiences, particularly the under 25s and the marginalised, the Commission acts as a channel for dialogue. It has engaged in extensive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship, Democracy, Community Education, Citizenship Education, Audiences, Social...
It is shown that in the last decades, geography has expanded so much, that it has lost its object of study. It was not clear, what the geographical science does, and, as a consequence, households have an extremely low level of geographical cultures and geographical education. Each geography is extremely isolated, has its own object of study. Especially the big gap still lies between the physical and socio-economic geography. As a result, each geographical science was so moving away from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Geography, Models, Physical Geography, Human Geography, Sciences, Environment,...
Fast-food giant McDonald's announced in 2010 that they would start hosting wedding ceremonies and receptions for couples who would like to get married in their restaurants in Hong Kong. This paper conducts a study comparing the differing representations of McDonald's wedding services through a narrative analytical approach. Specifically, this paper examines relevant discourses surrounding the launch of the corporation's wedding services from the British media (e.g. "Daily Mail", the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Marriage, Dining Facilities, Discourse Analysis, Story Telling,...
A management framework has been successfully utilized at Imperial College London in the United Kingdom to improve the process for developing and managing university-industry research collaborations. The framework has been part of a systematic approach to increase the level of research contracts from industrial sources, to strengthen the university's academic base, and to diversify the provision of research at the university. This management approach is composed of two main platforms of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Research Administration, Universities, School Business Relationship, Cooperation,...
This paper provides a personal look at counseling and counselor education in Hong Kong and Singapore. A section on the availability of formal and informal training resources in counseling notes that many practitioners in the counseling profession in Hong Kong or Singapore go abroad to pursue graduate studies, since, comparatively speaking, Hong Kong and Singapore can offer no better option for graduate training in counseling than what can be obtained abroad. Opportunities for professional...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Counseling, Counseling Techniques, Counseling Theories, Counselor Training, Cultural...
This paper presents possible methods of cooperation in the area of U.S. educational exchange with Hungary and other Eastern Bloc countries. Specific problems are featured, and information is provided about legal, political, and economic issues and concerns. The paper stresses the need to stop thinking of these countries as politically homogeneous and to learn that socialist countries are becoming politically diverse. Openness in educational exchanges varies from country to country, but Hungary...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Exchange Programs, Foreign Countries, Global Approach, International Cooperation,...
This article spins a yarn about the appointment of António Coimbra, the first vice-chancellor of an Australian university, who came from Portugal, well-equipped for the job. Described is his approach to this new role and his unusual way of handling the unexpected task of a vice-chancellor.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, College Presidents, Administrator Role, Leadership Styles,...
The beginnings of education in Transylvania are owed to villages, priests and monks, thus were lost in the mists of time. Although there were official concerns for educating the faithful since medieval times, the first Romanian schools in southwestern Transylvania--space circumscribed from the administrative-territorial point of view to current Hunedoara County--appear only in the eighteenth century. However, the Orthodox religious education is linked, unquestionably, with the name of great...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Religious Education, Educational History, Educational Development,...
The purpose of this document is to highlight some of the difficulties associated with retrieving information on Iran using Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) and several other commonly used reference tools based on LCSH. Four subject areas concerning Iran are identified, and their treatment in LCSH and periodical indexes is analyzed. The four areas are the land, the people, the language, and the literature. The document concludes with a list of recommendations to alleviate the problem....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Ethnic Studies, Foreign Countries, Indexes, Information Retrieval, Problems,...
In this document are standards for Iranian senior college libraries. A four year or senior college may provide a liberal arts education or preparation for a particular profession, like nutrition or banking. These standards have been adapted from foreign library standards to fit the Iranian situation. They have been established to guide Iranian academic librarians seeking to know the factors normally associated with good quality library service. The standards are neither intended to lead to poor...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Libraries, Foreign Countries, Library Science, Library Services, Library...
The author visited selected countries in Europe to examine the process of disabled minority group evolution and to identify practical knowledge useful in stimulating smilar development in the United States. Previous research revealed that many countries in Europe appeared to be far ahead of the United States in the development of organizations of the disabled. Forty-four leaders of handicapped organizations in the United Kingdom and Sweden were identified and interviewed. Interview notes were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advocacy, Disabilities, Foreign Countries, Interviews, Normalization (Handicapped),...
This article discusses the professional development needs of educational leaders in Kosovo, a region in Yugoslavia that has undergone dramatic changes following conflicts in the late 1990s. This article describes the changing sociopolitical context of the region and examines the need for professional development programs for school administrators in a postwar society.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Professional Development, Conflict, Administrators, Educational...
In an earlier issue of "Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom," Sparrow discussed the concept of real-world mathematics and the use of mathematics to explore problems in real-life situations. Environmental issues have provided a context that some teachers have used for teaching mathematics. An example of a particular environmental issue faced by many communities in south-eastern Australia is the drought that has lasted for some ten years now. This drought has forced people to think...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Water, Environmental Education, Foreign Countries, Gardening, Mathematics...
The 1970 International Educational Achievement (IEA) survey had placed New Zealand's nine- and fourteen-year-olds first in reading achievement in comparison with all other participating countries. By the time the 1990 IEA survey took place, however, mean achievement levels had slipped somewhat, and by the mid-1990s New Zealand's reputation was becoming tattered. Subsequent analyses of the 1990 survey indicated that while the country had high means and very high achievement, it also had the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Literacy,...
Many researchers have linked peer counseling skills to skills necessary in acquiring friends. In order to examine the relationship between peer counseling training and friendship, peer counselor trainees' (N=167) expectations of friendship before and after peer counseling training were compared. Peer counselors' expectations of friendship were also compared with those of the trainees' peer group (N=175). Analysis indicated that peer counselor volunteers made more highly developed friendship...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Counselor Training, Foreign Countries, Friendship, Helping Relationship,...
Differences in sets of criteria for evaluating microcomputer software are discussed. They are set against the results of three studies in which teachers in the United Kingdom evaluated five programs which were used in reading or English lessons. A comparison of the checklist criteria with the case study data was made using Stake's (1967) matrix of evaluation concerns. This suggested a heavy emphasis on antecedents in the checklists and on transactions in the case studies. In general, neither...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Check Lists, Courseware, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods,...
This paper analyzes the pedagogical dimension within the process of participatory budgeting in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, taking into consideration the local and regional culture, as well as the political milieu. The question is whether, in this social movement which involved around 400,000 people in 2001, signs can be identified that contribute to an education geared towards the political-pedagogical works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Paulo Freire, signaling the creation of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Cultural Context, Foreign Countries,...
The monograph is a collection of papers on the role of robotics in rehabilitation. The first four papers represent contributions from other countries: "Spartacus and Manus: Telethesis Developments in France and the Netherlands" (H. Kwee); "A Potential Application in Early Education and a Possible Role for a Vision System in a Workstation Based Robotic Aid for Physically Disabled Persons" (W. Harwin et al.); "Manipulative Appliance Development in Canada" (W....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Assistive Devices (for Disabled), Foreign Countries, Physical Disabilities,...
This bibliography is a follow-up to the "Specialised Bibliography 3," published by the Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research, in 1983. This volume covers work in the field of second language vocabulary acquisition that has appeared between 1980 and 1985. There are approximately 300 entries in this bibliography, and for each entry, an abstract is provided. A glossary of terms, a subject index, and a language index are attached.) (JL)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Foreign Countries, Language Research, Second Language...
Measures of centre (the mean, median and mode) are fundamental to the discipline of statistics. Yet previous research shows that students may not have a thorough conceptual understanding of these measures, even though these statistics are easy to calculate. This study describes the findings of a study of pre-service teachers' ideas of measure of centre. The results indicate that while some participants had ideas about these statistics that were valid; a substantial proportion displayed little...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teachers, Mathematical Concepts, Measurement, Statistics, College...
The purpose of this study was to determine the multiple intelligences patterns of students at King Saud University and its relationship with academic achievement for the courses of Mathematics. The study sample consisted of 917 students were selected a stratified random manner, the descriptive analysis method and Pearson correlation were used, the researcher prepared multiple intelligence scale for this study. The results showed an overall appearance of all multiple intelligences patterns of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Multiple Intelligences, College Students, Mathematics Achievement,...
In this study two complementary models, which were based on the strengths of existing models, were developed to analyze students' critical thinking skills. One model was used to categorize the types of critical thinking displayed by students; the other was used to evaluate the quality of the critical thinking. The models were refined and tested for usefulness through an analysis of students' messages posted in two sequential two-week computer conferences. The study also examined the level of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Critical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Models, Classification, College Students, Foreign...
To assess teacher interaction (specifically in regard to the use of questions) with special needs and nonspecial needs preschoolers, 16 special needs and 16 control Ss (3 to 5 years old) were identified. Each of the target Ss was videotaped for two different 15-minute segments in free play and at randomly selected times. Videotapes were analyzed for adult-child interactions and for each question asked by the adult of the child. On the whole, teachers behaved in a very similar manner with both...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disabilities, Foreign Countries, Interaction, Preschool Education, Questioning...
This paper examines the democratic changes that have occurred in the Czech Republic since 1989 and identifies three universal problems a democracy must address. Those problems include: (1) the problem of limits for majority rule; (2) the problem of limits for personal liberty and the power of government; and (3) the problem of limits for positive rights. The paper describes each of the universal problems of democracy, why each is a significant factor for the education of citizens, and how each...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship, Citizenship Education, Civics, Democracy, Democratic Values, Foreign...
Ecole Centrale Paris has developed two different types of double degree programs since 1987. The Top Industrial Managers for Europe Program (TIME) allows French and foreign students to obtain two engineering degrees, each for a nominal study period of 5-6 years after high school graduation. Thirty-one technical universities in 14 European countries belong to the TIME network. Another double degree program works with industrialized countries whose educational system is based on the North...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Degrees (Academic), Engineering Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education,...
In this article, many methods such as the literature study are used to analyze the harmony ideas in the sport, the education, and the development of Taijiquan, and the deep meanings contained in these three aspects are expounded in detail, and the conclusion indicates that Taijiquan is very important both for the public body-building and for the harmonious development of the society.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Athletics, Well Being, Physical Education, Physical Activities,...
The summary information contained in this report provides teachers, school administrators, students, and the general public with an overview of the results from the June 1998 administration of the Mathematics 30 Diploma Examination by the Alberta Department of Education in Canada. This information is most helpful when used with the detailed school and jurisdiction reports that are provided to schools and school jurisdiction offices. Findings indicate that 88.7% of the 8,432 students who took...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, Foreign Countries, High Schools, Mathematics Achievement, Student...
The summary information contained in this report provides teachers, school administrators, students, and the general public with an overview of the results from the June 1998 administration of the Mathematics 33 Diploma Examination by the Alberta Department of Education in Canada. This information is most helpful when used with the detailed school and jurisdiction reports that are provided to schools and school jurisdiction offices. Findings indicate that 79.7% of the 5,818 students who took...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Foreign Countries, High Schools, Standards,...
This exploratory study sought to identify: (1) parents' representations of children's need for support; (2) the nature and frequency of the support that parents believe they have given their child; and (3) the differences between the representations of parents whose child has behavior problems and those of parents of children without behavior problems. Twenty-seven parents of children ages 6 to 9 (10 children had behavior problems) responded to 2 questionnaires and a semi-structured interview....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavior Problems, Foreign Countries, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship,...
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This paper examines several previously-unexplained aspects of verbal morphology and syntax in Madija, an Arauan languages spoken in Peru and Brazil. These include the distribution of an auxiliary verb that occurs with some predicates but not with others and the factors that determine the choice among three different affixes marking third person agreement and three different affixes indicating a plural subject. Determination of gender and selection of the morpheme for plural subject agreement...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Affixes, Foreign Countries, Linguistic Theory, Morphemes, Plurals, Syntax, Uncommonly...
The death of Paulo Freire in May 1997 was a momentous event for educators everywhere, especially adult educators, and a sad one for those who knew and loved him. The author has been thinking and writing about Freire's work for many years, exploring his contribution to a radical politics of adult education. While Freire's work features strongly in debates about education and adult education generally, and about adult literacy in particular, his significance for adult numeracy/mathematics...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Adult Learning, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Education, Number...