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The purpose of this selective, annotated bibliography is to reveal original sources of African tales and to trace their relationship to stories carried to the West Indies and the American South. The works cited are available in the collections of the Library of Congress. In addition to collections of folklore, a few linguistic, ethnological, and anthropological studies and some travel accounts and government reports containing tales are included. The collections and studies are divided into the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African Literature, Annotated Bibliographies, Anthropology, Books,...
Instructional materials for use during Black History Month in elementary and secondary schools are compiled in this booklet. Background information, instructional activities, and resources for classroom use are included for all disciplines. The materials are designed to reflect the relationship between past and present events in African and African American history. Following a foreword, instructor's guide, and chronology of notable African Americans, the booklet is divided into seven sections...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Achievement, Black History, Black Influences, Elementary Secondary Education,...
There is a great interest within the naval services in books on various aspects of the black experience in America. The great surge of intellectual energy directed to black history has caused the reprinting of a high percentage of the older books which had been out of print and unobtainable. The range of reading levels being satisfied is wide, with many recent books written for junior high and young adult readers. At the risk of oversimplifying and limiting a truly complicated historical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Black Community, Black Culture, Black History, Black...
This booklet provides a guide to the locations of more than 500 periodicals and newspapers relating to black Americans which were received before November 1974 by the libraries of the University of Wisconsin at Madison and the library of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. The scope of the guide is broad, including literary, political, and historical journals, as well as general newspapers of the black community. Representation of all phases of black thought and action, from the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black History, Black Literature, Black Organizations, Higher Education, Library...
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Readings, activities, and teaching strategies for a secondary unit on black women are included in this teacher handbook. Instructional material is divided into four sections. Following a note on the use of the booklet, section 1 consists of 24 two-page biographies of black women, including Selma Burke, Lena Horne, Leontyne Price, Charlayne Hunter-Gault, and Sarah Breedlove Walker. Section 2 consists of 5 activities or games that teachers can reproduce. These are a word find puzzle, an acronym...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biographies, Black Achievement, Black Culture, Black Leadership, Females, Feminism,...
A bibliography of some 500 books about Afro-Americans, Africa, and the West Indies is presented, with a brief annotation on each item. The list includes picture books and easy reading, fiction, history and geography, biography, folklore, poetry, art, and music. An index to titles is appended. (LS)
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Literature, Annotated Bibliographies, Bibliographies, Black Literature,...
This index contains references to a select group of American folk characters appearing in books. Books about approximately 200 persons, real or imaginary, are listed in the bibliography. The index is arranged alphabetically by the character's last name and is cross-referenced from nicknames to real names. The call number for each book is given to the left of the entry. Full bibliographic information on all books included appears at the end of the main index, arranged in alphabetical order by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Books, Characterization, Childrens Literature, Elementary...
This book provides therapists with a theoretical base from which to view the dynamics of couples' relationships and the therapeutic process. The book's eight chapters are organized into three parts: "Adlerian Theory and Process"; "Therapeutic Interventions"; and "Special Issues in Marital Therapy." Chapter 1, Adlerian Marital Therapy: History, Theory and Process (William G. Nicoll) summarizes Adlerian theory on couples therapy. Chapter 2, The Initial Interview (E....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Counseling Techniques, Counseling Theories, Counselors, Divorce, Interpersonal...
One of a series on topics of concern to the U.S. media, this guide is intended to provide journalists with a critical analysis of U.S. media coverage of Africa. Section I provides an overview of the folklore about Africa and the nature and sources of stereotypes and misconceptions about Africa and the Western world. Findings and interpretations of data from a national sampling of images of Africa held by 7th and 12th graders are explained. Dimensions of power, control, complexity, modernity,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, Cultural Images, Ethnic Stereotypes, Folk Culture, Information...
People with autism are increasingly finding meaningful work and proving that with the right opportunities and proper support, they can be successful in a variety of positions. More and more employers find that individuals on the autism spectrum are productive employees who possess specialized skills, are detail oriented, and excel at managing schedules and deadlines. this brochure is intended to offer some tips for maximizing the potential of employees with autism and fostering a supportive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Autism, Employees, Employer Employee Relationship, Supervisor Supervisee...
"Freedom's Journal," the first newspaper published by blacks in the United States, originated in 1827 and lasted for two years. This article examines the form and content of the journal and considers some of the previous research on it. The article states that the journal contained the first report of a lynching that was published in the United States, ran campaigns to purchase and free slaves from sympathetic owners, held meetings with its subscribers to discuss their satisfaction or...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Culture, Black History, Editorials, Freedom of Speech, Journalism, News...
The works of women African writers such as Bessie Head, Mariama Ba, Buchi Emecheta, and Flora Nwapa have become increasingly familiar to North American college students during the past decade, largely through their inclusion on feminist reading lists. Because the pedagogical value of these texts lies in their presumed ability to speak for African women, the texts are to greater or lesser degrees decontextualized from the material circumstances of production. Rather, they are interrogated with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Literature, Authors, Cultural Context, Females, Feminism, Higher Education,...
This paper examines the role of athletics at most colleges and universities, but in particular at the historically black colleges and universities. The paper notes the power of athletic events to bring together the nation and even the globe and the leading role of the athletic community internationally and athletes individually in taking stands against South Africa or effecting changes in social and racial relations. The paper points out the influence of black achievements in sports on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Achievement, Black Colleges, Black Community, Black History, Black Influences,...
This paper outlines a system of methods for teaching Afro-American Literature at the secondary and college level. Seven goals of the methodology are presented for the course, including making the students familiar with various definitions of black literature, helping the students use the tools of literary analysis in the discussion of black literature, and teaching the students about several major figures in Afro-American literature--their background and their major works and themes. Methods to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Literature, Black Studies, Course Descriptions, Course Objectives, Higher...
To give established African women writers whose work is available in Africa, Europe, and the Americas more exposure for teachers, literary scholars, librarians, and readers of ethnic literature, a study was undertaken which resulted in a bio-bibliography. After an overview on contemporary African literature, the 20 female authors are listed alphabetically in the bio-bibliography, and for each author there is a biographical sketch, a short summary about each author's works and themes,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Literature, Authors, Bibliographies, Biographies, Contemporary Literature,...
Those of us who communicate only in English are limited in full exposure to African literary expression. While most creative expression by black Africans is oral, much has also been written in languages foreign to those of us oriented only to English. In the following list, therefore, any efforts to be exhaustive are controlled by the inaccessibility of materials in English, and by economy of time and space. The hope is to stimulate interest in enjoyable reading of materials written by black...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African Literature, Annotated Bibliographies, Audiodisc Recordings,...
The items in this annotated bibliography are intended to aid the secondary and postsecondary instructor of Black American rhetoric. Selections define aspects of the traditional African world view and its modes of expression, demonstrate African cultural continuity in the New World, show the impact of American existential circumstances, and illustrate examples of Black American rhetoric. The books, articles, and theses cited investigate the theoretical bases of study in the field, analyze...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, Annotated Bibliographies, Black Culture, Black Dialects, Black...
Educators at Georgia Southern University began using a whole language approach to developmental literacy instruction by adapting the model David Bartholomae and Anthony Petrosky provide in "Facts, Artifacts, and Counterfacts." Rather than a focus on information retrieval and transfer, whole language curricula encourage students to engage in dialogues with texts to learn more about themselves and others. Each year, the educators have included more African American texts because the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Literature, Blacks, Higher Education, Reader Response, Remedial Instruction,...
Studying the life of Langston Hughes in the context of how to teach freshman composition can shed light on two sometimes conflicting pedagogies, the expressivist and the social-constructionist. A discouraging period of fierce criticism, illness, depression, and financial woes coincided with Hughes' 39th birthday, which his biographer Arnold Rampersad described as a "season of humiliation and dispossession." Teachers of composition should look to Hughes's experience of tension and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Discourse, Authors, Black Literature, College Freshmen, Discourse Modes,...
The differences between early African American narratives written by women and those written by men can be seen in a comparison of Harriet A. Jacobs's "Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Written by Herself" and Frederick Douglass's "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave." A comparison of these works offers the greatest contrast of issues found throughout gender and autobiographical studies--issues of voice, content, ideology, and form. Douglass...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black History, Black Literature, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Context, Gender...
In August of 1971 a program was launched at North Carolina Central University School of Library Science to identify and coordinate African-American materials in southeastern states. Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia were chosen on the basis of their geographical proximity to North Carolina and the wealth of materials on or about black people that were already available in some of their libraries. The librarians of 6 institutions in the representative...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Literature, Black Culture, Black History, Black Literature, Black Studies,...
While African literature appears to be firmly established in American colleges and universities, its expansion, and in some cases its continuance, is threatened by two factors: racialism and departmental conservatism. As demands for courses in black literature can be met by an increased supply of scholars in Afro-American literature, fewer schools see a need for anyone to teach African literature. This is made easier by the convenience of the racial label "black literature" which is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African Literature, Black Culture, Black Literature, Black Studies,...
In this article the author examines the historical significance of the cultural aspect of race on African American females' leadership values and styles that encourage caring in schools. The author focuses her study by asking: What aspects of their (African American female leaders) cultural backgrounds as Africans and as African Americans contribute to their perceptions and enactments of leadership? In particular, the author examines African American female leadership using the frameworks of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Americans, Race, Leadership Qualities, Slavery, Leadership, Females,...
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This is a resource and teacher guide to African studies intended for elementary and secondary levels. "Teaching About Africa," the first section, consists of Teachers Aids and Resource Material Memos which provide supplementary and evaluative information on the items listed. The Teacher Aids are: 1) Studying Africa, Questions to be Considered; 2) African Studies Association-Committee on Teaching About Africa (Register of Specialists); 3) Films on Africa (Sources); and, 4) Teaching...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African History, African Literature, Elementary Education, Resource...
In 1987 a project was undertaken to assess the status of African Americans in the United States in the topical areas to be addressed by the National Research Council's Study Committee on the Status of Black Americans: education, employment, income and occupations, political participation and the administration of justice, social and cultural change, health status and medical care, and the family. Six volumes resulted from this study. This, the fourth, considers social, political, and economic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Community, Blacks, Economic Factors, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Ideology,...
Eric Campbell, an English teacher, spent most of his working life in New Guinea and in East Africa, where he lived in the shadow of Kilimanjaro. He now lives in England and writes about Africa. People could expect an objective, and perhaps, a dispassionate account or depiction of African children and adults--their individual lives and sociocultural functions in a true geopolitical and sociocultural milieu in the 1990s--from a British writer and teacher reminiscent of another British teacher and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Literature, Childrens Literature, Cultural Context, Elementary Secondary...
There is significant synchronic evidence of the close relationship between anaphoric and grammatical agreement even within the grammatical structures of a single language. It is possible to predict clear syntactic differences between a grammatical agreement marker and a morphologically incorporated pronoun. What is required is a theory of grammatical function that integrates the properties of argument functions, such as subject and object; and discourse functions, such as topic and focus. An...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bantu Languages, Grammar, Language Patterns, Language Research, Linguistic Theory,...
The sources listed in this bibliography are materials available in the Mankato State College Memorial Library. The materials are arranged alphabetically by subject. Both print and nonprint materials are included. The subject headings used are the Library of Congress subject headings. The sections are arranged according to the following ethnic groups: (1) Asian-Americans, (2) German-Americans, (3) Norwegian-Americans, (4) Irish-Americans, (5) Jewish-Americans, (6) Afro-Americans, (7)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Asian Americans, Bibliographies, Blacks, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic...
The study of biography, particularly the different roles people assume to overcome institutional constraints and prejudice, provides important insight into connections between society and the individual and between leaders and followers. Biography can be used effectively to examine leadership issues, particularly from an African-American perspective. It humanizes history and helps us connect with political, social, and economic forces. Biography is used in this way in a doctoral Educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biographies, Black Leadership, Doctoral Programs, Graduate Students, Higher...
Class in Bantu and its syntactic significance is discussed with reference to gender in Indo-European and semantic/syntactic features of nouns. On the basis of modern Bantu evidence and the comparative method, a maximum of 21 classes have been posited for proto-Bantu. The striking difference in the number of classes posited for proto-Bantu and individual Bantu languages is due to the counting system and the status of certain classes. The semantic content of class in Bantu languages has syntactic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bantu Languages, Diachronic Linguistics, Form Classes (Languages), Indo European...
Two booklets provide an overview of the history and folklore of Cape Verde, a group of islands lying 370 miles off the west coast of Africa. One booklet describes the history of the islands which were probably settled initially by Africans from the west coast of Africa. By the 15th century the islands were colonized by Portuguese and other Europeans. The language, Crioulo, is a mixture of Portuguese vocabulary and African grammar. Geographical position was the main reason for settlement of Cape...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Books, Cultural Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Folk Culture, Foreign...
An historical overview of African and Afro-American music, from the foundations in sub-Saharan African music to the music of the 1980s, is presented in this paper as evidence that Afro-American music is closely intertwined with ethnic identification and follows the direction of Afro-American sociopolitical change. Slave and folk music, minstrel shows, the blues, jazz, rock, soul, and disco are among the musical forms discussed. It is argued that the combination of three main musical forms...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African History, Black Culture, Black History, Blacks, Ethnicity, Folk Culture, Jazz,...
An analysis of terminology for "canoe" in Bantu languages first gives some background information on early wooden canoes in Subsaharan Africa, then examines the origins of nominal stems for "canoe" in those languages. It is noted that a nominal stem identified early in the history of Bantu comparative linguistics is found in about 160 of the approximately 200 Bantu languages, but that the problem of the initial consonant has remained unsolved. Phonological and morphological...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Bantu Languages, Comparative Analysis, Contrastive Linguistics,...
This volume documents and reflects on the use of Open Space Technology by Peace Corps staff in the United States and in the field. An introduction reviews basic principles and processes of Open Space, which is a meeting and conference process congruent with Peace Corps philosophy, to clarify ways trainers have interpreted, adapted, and used it in conferences and workshops. An abbreviated article examines the fit between the Peace Corps and Open Space. The 15 tales are divided into 3 sections....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Community Education, Conferences, Foreign Countries, Inservice...
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This lesson plans project provides information and classroom-ready lesson plans about Nigeria. These lesson plans can stand alone or be used in conjunction with one another. They have been correlated to coincide with the standards set forth in Geography for Life. Following background information "Why Study Nigeria?" (A. Shields), lesson plans are entitled: "Climate Graphs in Nigeria" (K. Sundstedt); "Comparing and Contrasting Water in the United States and Nigeria"...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, African Culture, Area Studies, Cultural Context, Developing...
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This annual publication is intended to promote the documentation and study of the folklife of the United States, to share the traditions, values, and activities of U.S. folk culture, and to serve as a national forum for the discussion of ideas and issues in folklore and folklife. The articles in this collection are: (1) "Eating in the Belly of the Elephant" (R. D. Abrahams), which delves into the differences between Afro-American folktales and European fairy tales; (2) "The Beau...
Topics: ERIC Archive, American Indian Culture, American Indians, Black Culture, Canada Natives, Cultural...
Focusing on black communication skills in the classroom can be rewarding, instructional, and motivational for both black and white students when educators begin to build upon the effectiveness of black language patterns and usages. This packet of curriculum materials was designed for class, group, and individual instruction in the use of black folk types and features (i.e., folk song-types, black folk sermons, black folk verbal strategies, folk literature by known Black-American authors, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Attitudes, Black Culture, Black Dialects, Black History, Black Influences,...
This curriculum guide for teachers emphasizes an interdisciplinary and multi-cultural approach to black studies. Concepts, content areas, activities, resource materials, and reference materials are graded according to the skills taught from the preschool through the eighth grade levels. Major topics of instruction include history, geography, literature and the performing arts. (JCD)
Topics: ERIC Archive, African History, Black Culture, Black History, Black Influences, Black Literature,...
David Wisniewski's 1992 picture book version of the African epic of "Sundiata, Lion King of Mali" and the actual historical account of the 13th century Lion King, Sundiata, are both badly served by Disney's "The Lion King." Disney has been praised for using African animals as story characters; for using the African landscape as a story setting; for using African artwork as design motifs; and for using African-American actors as the voices for the film characters. If the film...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African History, African Literature, Animation, Childrens...
GRADE OR AGES: Junior high school. SUBJECT MATTER: The black man in American society. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: There are four major parts each with an overview. The four parts concern a) the African heritage of the black man, b) the American exploitation of the black man, c) the black man's contribution to American society, d) the black man's dilemma in the white man's world. Each part has sections with overviews and a list of behavioral objectives (student oriented activities)....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black History, Black Influences, Black Leadership, Black Studies, Blacks, Curriculum...
This resource guide lists books, records, and films that provide a realistic and wholesome depiction of what it means to be a black girl or woman. Organized according to medium and appropriate age ranges, it includes a brief annotation for each item. Suggestions for use of the guide are provided, as are the following criteria for selecting resources for black girls: (1) accurate presentation of history; (2) non-stereotypical characterization; (3) non-derogatory language and terminology; and (4)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Annotated Bibliographies, Black Attitudes, Black Culture, Black...
Fables and trickster tales are short narratives that use animal characters with human features to convey folk wisdom and to help people understand human nature and human behavior. These stories were originally passed down through oral tradition and written down later. The legendary figure Aesop was reported to have orally passed on his animal fables, linked to earlier beast tales from India and later written down by the Greeks and Romans. Ananse trickster tales derive from the Asante people of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Animals, Class Activities, Curriculum Enrichment, Fables, Folk Culture, Learning...
A study examined the ways in which members of low-income Southern African-American families deal with writing in their everyday lives. Three families headed by single parents participated in the study. The researcher resided with each family for 2 months, following the adults to their workplaces, sharing chores and leisure activities, and accompanying the children to school. She took field notes, conducted interviews, and collected writing samples. Results indicated that all of the writing done...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Blacks, Case Studies, Children, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Elementary...
Because of the high incidence of structural similarity between Jamaican Creole and Standard English, many of the important differences between the two languages can be obscured. This fact and that of negative attitudes towards Creole are the principal problems encountered in teaching Creole. The lessons in this course on Jamaican Creole are based on the variety spoken by rural or working-class people. The basic component of the course is the cycle, which consists of two phases. In the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Contrastive Linguistics, Creoles, English, Grammar, Instructional Materials,...
Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Mary McLeod Bethune, and Nannie Helen Burroughs were women with a mission. It was a mission that combined educational, social, and economic goals. Although different in their tactics and in their educational programs, these women, who founded schools in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, were united in their belief that black women had to assume the initiative in educating themselves and their people. Knowing the harsh realities that blacks, especially women,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Achievement, Black Education, Black Institutions, Black Leadership, Black...
Intended primarily for use as a research guide, this paper surveys and analyzes the extant social science research on black leadership in America. The focus of the study is divided between the old "Negro" leadership literature (1930-66) and the new "Black" leadership literature (1966-82), and factors affecting the transformation in the 1960s from "Negro" to "Black" leadership are specified and analyzed. The survey is organized around the following major...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Activism, Black History, Black Leadership, Black Organizations, Black Power, Church...
Developed from the activities of a summer institute in Texas that focused on "The Odyssey," folk and fairy tale, and folk rhyme, this resource guide presents 50 lesson plans offering a variety of approaches to teaching mythology and folklore to elementary school students. The lesson plans presented in the resource guide share a common foundation in archetypes and universal themes that makes them adaptable to and useful in virtually any elementary school setting. The 13 lesson plans in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Literature, Elementary Education, Fairy Tales, Folk Culture, Institutes...
This curriculum guide is intended to introduce elementary school students to African and American Indian myths. The twelve African myths included are selected from ten different tribes. These myths are organized into the following categories: (1) introduction to African myths, (2) tales of the Gods, (3) tales of man, and (4) animal tales. Seven American Indian myths are also presented. The guide includes teaching activities, questions for class discussion, and numerous illustrations. (See...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African Literature, American Indian Culture, Curriculum Guides,...
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This interdisciplinary unit provides students in grades kindergarten through seventh grade an opportunity to understand diversity through a study of Africa as a diverse continent. The project is designed to provide all elementary students with cultural enrichment by exposing them to African music, art, storytelling, and movement. This project can be adapted to other cultures as a yearly project. The goal of the African Connection project is to cultivate an appreciation and awareness of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African History, African Literature, African Studies, Cultural...
Six months of observation--at two universities, at a drama festival, and with several independent theatre companies--form the basis for this evaluation of theatre in Kenya, Africa. While Kenyan dramas deal with a variety of themes, the majority are topical rather than universal in their treatment of issues. In many, the emphasis is on the supernatural and on the conflict between the old and new forms of religion. Although the positive influence of the British educational system is acknowledged,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Acting, African Culture, African Literature, Drama, Drama Workshops, Dramatics,...
This New Jersey Folk Artists in Education program brings community educators together with professional educators to enrich students' appreciation of their own and others' traditional cultures at the same time as they develop basic skills. The life stories of nine folk artists and their communities, as well as the stories of how they work together with their professional partners in the classroom, provide opportunities to explore informal learning situations as a supplement to formal learning....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art, Art Appreciation, Art Education, Artists, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum...
This issue of "Kansas English" contains three articles on the topic "English Literature Outside Traditional Rubrics." The first article, by Nancy S. Prichard, discusses the importance of the new literatures in the education of children and young adults. New literatures are defined as the writings of minority group members in the United States and writings in English and French from all parts of the world. The article also discusses some of the specific materials that are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Literature, Book Reviews, English Instruction, English Literature, French...
In spite of lack of support from white women, educated black women concentrated their efforts on better conditions for the uneducated and the poorer among them during the late 19th century. Their primary concerns were education and employment opportunities, suffrage, the defense of black female morality, and the condemnation of lynching. The philosophy of black female leaders was that they received their education for the elevation of the race. They believed in the moral superiority of women,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Attitudes, Black Employment, Black History, Black Leadership, Black...
The attitudes of youth in the middle of the 1990s are in often contrast with the those of Martin Luther King, Jr. This paper considers why so many young people have strayed from King's principles. An examination of periodical literature in the 1990s shows that King's family members are among the few voices that still praise his nonviolent methods, and they recognize that a culture of violence has replaced the message of nonviolence. The paper also explores the dichotomy of retaining respect for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Age Differences, Black Culture, Black History, Black Leadership, Civil...
Black Americans have inherited a rich store of oral literature (folk music, folk tales, folk customs, and superstitions). When approached from the point of view of the students' experience, this oral tradition can be an effective springboard for discussion, reading, and writing in the classroom. Brass band funeral processions can be viewed as a close structural parallel to the form of classical elegy and a study of commemorative poetry written by or about blacks can be used to complement the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Culture, Black History, Black Literature, English Instruction, Folk Culture,...
Elementary instructional materials are offered in this guide for teachers to help them learn and teach about Africa simultaneously. Interdisciplinary African materials and suggested activities are integrated into the total curriculum. Emphasis is upon relating the many African contributions which resulted in a fuller and better life for all. In the first section a calendar of significant events lists related activities and projects. Language arts, in the second section, includes readings,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Activity Units, African Culture, African History, Black Studies, Elementary...
This report provides a general description of the inter-disciplinary Department of Afro-American Studies at Harvard University scheduled to open in the fall of 1969. Previously a program, Afro-American Studies was voted departmental status by a faculty vote in April 1969. Descriptions are provided for courses to be offered in: black civilization, history of slavery, Ethiopian history and religion, Africa and world politics, Caribbean social structure, black labor and politics, Boston's black...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African History, Black Community, Black Culture, Black History,...
This essay offers reflections on Black consciousness and Afrocentrism in the United States, especially as movements in education. The paper opens by recalling the history of oppression and rejection that influences the African American heritage. Next, the essay traces some highlights in the development of ideas of race consciousness from the early part of the 20th century on. In connection with this theme, it is asserted that Black history has been continually distorted, ignored, and suppressed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Afrocentrism, Black Achievement, Black Culture, Black Education, Black History, Black...
Courses on New World Negro societies and communities are, of course, just as valuable in illustrating anthropological concepts as are area courses surveying North American Indians, but anthropology departments have been reluctant to introduce these courses. Afro-American studies could be a valuable extension of anthropology offerings by: 1) helping to avoid the bias against studying societies which are culturally close to home; 2) encouraging the recently developed interest in urban...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anthropology, Black Community, Black Culture, Black History, Black Studies, Course...
The struggle and achievements of Black women in American society are described, emphasizing the distance that Black women still have to go to achieve equality. It is argued that education is the most consistent and obtainable means for the empowerment of Black women. The education that is advocated is one in which the conditions of Black women are acknowledged and analyzed, as well as the realities of other peoples, times and places. It is felt that the empowerment of Black women requires the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black History, Black Leadership, Black Studies, Blacks, Equal Education, Females,...
This study of selected colleges and universities is intended to provide insight into a variety of African American studies (AAS) programs and departments to aid in the restructuring of the curriculum and method of instruction in the existing program at the University of South Carolina. As this review of the history and development of such programs demonstrates, the interdepartmental approach has proven effective at institutions with limited funds, as is shown by the examples of several large...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African History, African Studies, Black Culture, Black History, Black Studies,...
This essay contends that the goals of the Civil Rights movement, desegregation and integration of schools and public facilities, were misplaced, and that what blacks needed then, and need today, was equalization of resources and facilities, and equal representation on boards of education. Continued efforts at reliance of those outside the black community, as embodied by affirmative action programs, have produced minimal results. A call is issued to blacks to look within themselves, individually...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Affirmative Action, Black Community, Black Culture, Black History, Black Influences,...
Since leadership studies tend to deal with powerful public personalities, and since leadership in the U.S. is biased in terms of race, class, and sex privileges, it is not surprising that the contributions of black women leaders go largely unrecognized and that studies on black female leadership are scant and present an incomplete picture. To correct this, more ethnographic studies of communities, church groups, and families are called for, in order to determine how leadership emerges, is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Colleges, Black Leadership, Black Students, Community Leaders, Females, Higher...
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This special commemorative theme issue features a Philadelphia Folklore Project that sought to encourage a wider discussion about art and the politics of culture; to document and explore the history of a significant folk art form--in this case, tap dancing--from the perspective of the generation of African American women and men who "came up" in the 1920s-40s; and to create a forum for presentation and discussion of these issues. Following an introduction and a section titled...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Aesthetics, Art Education, Blacks, Dance, Drama, Folk Culture,...
An Afro-American literature course was established at Chicago City College to present a survey of writers who reflected the Black experience in America and to examine their works as artistic entities in their historical and sociological context. Background lectures on many aspects of Afro-American literature accompanied studies of material grouped historically within genres--(1) the prose study focused on folklore--American tales with African origins, essays, novels, and short stories; (2) the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Culture, Black History, Black Literature, Black Studies, Drama, English...
Innovative approaches should be used in introducing black literature to students so that they may develop an awareness of the ethnic pluralism of American society. A variety of sources provides the teacher with literary materials and critical perspectives as background for presenting black literature in any of several ways: (1) a survey of black literary works from colonial times through the Harlem Renaissance to the present; (2) a study of "black classics" (e.g., those by Frederick...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Authors, Black Culture, Black Literature, Black Studies, Content Analysis, Cultural...
"Africans in the Diaspora" refers to peoples of African origin dispersed throughout South America, the Caribbean, and North America as a result of the Atlantic slave trade carried out by European nations from the seventeenth through nineteenth centuries. The paper first provides an historical overview of the Diaspora. It then discusses the "Children's Readers on Africa Series," books that introduce young African American children to their cultural heritage. The Series...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African Languages, African Literature, Black Culture, Black...
This guide is intended for use as part of a cross-cultural, multi-ethnic approach to curriculum in the elementary school. It is hoped that this approach will enable teachers to guide pupils in developing a better understanding of the impact of black contributions on the total American culture. The guide attempts to support such efforts by: 1) introducing black people who have made contributions to the American way of life; 2) identifying the cultural significance of their contributions or...
Topics: ERIC Archive, American Culture, American History, Bibliographies, Biographies, Black Achievement,...
With the use of many examples, the author suggests trends in the use of literature for developing a child's ethnic identity, humanitarian concerns, and appreciation for the arts and literature. The books annotated include poetry collections, folklore, novels, and a variety of commentaries on current thought in teaching literature. Also discussed is the future use of multimedia approaches to literature and the collaboration between the arts and literature. The paper is directed toward teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Literature, American Indian Culture, Creative Teaching, Creativity, Ethnic...
The pre-emancipation (1830-1865) black woman reformer was concerned with race "uplift," a sense of duty and obligation to her race. Black women in the North formed mutual aid societies for the economic survival of the destitute. Regardless of economic status, free blacks consistently sought to aid slaves in the South; the poor often saved for years to purchase their relatives. Some black women, Harriet Tubman, for example, worked toward helping slaves escape to the North. While both...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Attitudes, Black Education, Black Employment, Black History, Black Leadership,...
A study suggests that the nature of linguistic borrowing in a group of 14 African languages termed Togo remnant languages--Basila, Lelemie (Buem), Aogba, Adele, Likpe, Santrokofi, Akpafu-Lolobi, Avatime, Nyangbo-Tafi, Bowili, Aklo, Kposo, Kebu, Animere--is similar to that of the Akebu language. Analysis focuses on the origins and itineraries of loan words and their integration into daily linguistic repertoire, based on the example of Akebu and beginning with a look at the various levels of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Descriptive Linguistics, Diachronic Linguistics, English, Foreign...
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An overview of the achievements of black women in sports is presented in this collection of essays, biographical sketches, and philosophical investigations. The work is divided into five chapters, the first of which focuses on prejudice (racial and sexual), absence of black women as subjects in the research base, work/home/family pressures, black sports competency as "natural," and other myths and realities of the involvement of women in black sports. Chapter 2 presents biographical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biographies, Black History, Blacks, Change Strategies, Cross Cultural Studies,...
Presented are the stories of 12 notable black scientists and inventors. Each individual was selected for scientific and inventive excellence with the added accounts of their excellence as citizens, family men, and humanitarians. (Author/RE)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Education, Black Employment, Black History, Black Influences, Black Leadership,...
This paper reviews postapartheid educational policy between the 1994 and 1999 elections. Its objective is to interrogate the different concerns, approaches, and implications of the various policies that have been formulated to fundamentally transform the legacy of the apartheid system. Five principal concerns are discussed: (1) the historical legacy of apartheid education; (2) equity and justice; (3) democracy and participation; (4) economy and globalization; and (5) efficiency, quality, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Apartheid, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education,...
This performance guide is designed for teachers to use with students before and after a performance of "To Be Young, Gifted, and Black." The guide, called a "Cuesheet," contains seven activity sheets for use in class, addressing: (1) To Be Young, Gifted, and Black (a theatrical collage based upon the life and work of the African-American playwright Lorraine Hansberry, featuring scenes from her most famous plays, as well as excerpts from her speeches and letters); (2)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiences, Black Culture, Black History, Black Leadership, Class Activities, Cultural...
This monograph presents a critical essay and a comprehensive 454-item bibliography on the contemporary African-American filmmaker, Spike Lee. The essay, entitled "African-American Folklore and Cultural History in the Films of Spike Lee" (Gloria J. Gibson-Hudson), analyzes Lee's filmmaking approach from a cultural and historical perspective. The essay identifies Lee as a contemporary storyteller weaving his tales with the aid of a camera and demonstrates how his film narratives draw on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Auteurism, Black Community, Black Culture, Black History, Cultural Images, Film...
Predicated on the idea that a multicultural and multisensory classroom program based on literature can attract children's interest, this paper provides guidelines for choosing representative classics from children's literature. The paper advances two primary goals for selection and experiences for children: (1) stimulation of the creativity of young children by using the five senses--sight, taste, smell, sound, and touch; and (2) appreciation for the differences of others in a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Childrens Literature, Class Activities, Cultural Context, Cultural Pluralism,...
"There are other ways to get happy," the slogan signifying "Say no to drugs!" is gaining attention within the African American community in the Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) area. "There are other ways to get happy" comes from learning about and understanding traditional elements of African American folklore. For those who seek to understand and appreciate folklore that has been passed down from ancestors, they will be able to pursue positive improvements of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black History, Blacks, Cultural Education, Folk Culture, Heritage Education, Higher...
Libraries need to reach out to teens and enhance their skills in serving the teenage population. Through the Louisiana Young Adult Services program, it is hoped that all staff working with young adults will be reached to accomplish the following: (1) promote a better understanding of the psychology of this age group; (2) increase skills in approaching and responding to young adults; (3) increase knowledge of young adult literature and reference tools; and (4) increase success in attracting...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescent Literature, Adolescents, Books, Childrens Libraries, Evaluation Methods,...
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"The Goldfinch" is a periodical that introduces young children to various facets of Iowa history. Each issue has a different theme topic and a number of articles covering diverse aspects of the topic being addressed. This issue focuses on myths and legends. Featured articles discuss how stories passed from generation to generation to reveal clues about history. The volume includes a family legend dating from the Civil War era, Native American myths about the origins of man, a legend...
Topics: ERIC Archive, American Indian Literature, Class Activities, Elementary Education, Folk Culture,...
Antebellum slave narratives can be valuable literary materials in four different kinds of literature courses. In a survey of American literature, slave narratives serve as records of the attitudes and activities of early Americans, as examples of travel literature, and as examples of late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century adventure stories. Slave narratives also have an obvious place in courses concentrating on biography and autobiography as literary types or genres and in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, American History, Autobiographies, Biographies, Black Culture, Black History, Black...
An analysis of applicative constructions in Bantu languages proposes a typology of applicative structures, using examples from Ndendeule and Swahili. First, the basic facts about applicative constructions are presented, including those concerning morphology, meaning, and alternative expressions, and several arguments are posited. Primary objects properties diagnostics are then applied to six different applied objects. Previous typology of applied objects is reviewed and the proposed new...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Bantu Languages, Classification, Language Patterns, Language...
The power of Black women is discussed in terms of their progress in society so far, their current predicaments, and possibilities for the future. The progress of Black women is seen in their survival, the greater numbers of Black women in nontraditional roles, and the competence and qualities with which they perform in those roles. Four predicaments are seen in the current situation for Black women: (1) Black female-headed households live in poverty not because they are headed by females, but...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Affirmative Action, Black Family, Black History, Black Leadership, Blacks, Equal...
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The first of three volumes of a mathematics training course for Navy personnel, this document covers a wide range of basic mathematics. The text begins with number systems, signed numbers, fractions, decimals, and percentages and continues into algebra with exponents, polynomials, and linear equations. Early chapters were designed to give insight into the theories behind computational processes. Logarithms, the slide rule, proportion, and functions are also covered. The final chapters discuss...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Algebra, Arithmetic, Geometry, Instructional Materials, Mathematics, Number Systems,...
This language arts unit offers and outlines (1) introductory viewpoints to broaden both black and white students' understanding of Afro-American culture (e.g., an explication of the various meanings of "soul"); (2) general objectives and desired specific knowledge and skills; (3) introductory activities (attitude poll; discussion of racism; examination of gospel, blues, and movies about black Americans); (4) core activities ("soul" in music, history, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiodisc Recordings, Audiovisual Aids, Bibliographies, Black Achievement, Black...
Methods and resources available for teaching about black culture and history in Africa and America are evaluated. An introductory essay, "The Black Experience: A Historical Overview," emphasizes aspects of black history which most black scholars deem relevant for correcting error and distortion, filling gaps of knowledge, and helping black youth establish their identity. Curriculum packages developed by school districts were evaluated according to 1) whether their assumptions were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, Annotated Bibliographies, Bibliographies, Black Community, Black...
This document was developed as a resource guide for the selection of Afro-American curriculum materials for grades K-12. The major section is an annotated bibliography that includes 282 citations, most of which have been copyrighted since 1960. A reprint series is also included that lists 44 annotated citations on the older literature. A notable feature is that each selection has been put into a recommended grade level and each grade level is further subdivided under biography, fiction, poetry,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Audiovisual Aids, Bibliographic Coupling, Black Culture,...
While many people think of folklore as part of the culture of rural, isolated, uneducated people, folklore has a much broader definition and can encompass all areas and be found among all people. Folklore tradition can include school fight songs, ghost stories, children's games, ethnic jokes, jump rope rhymes and family recipes, as well as quilting techniques, ballads, or tales. All of these types of folklore are discussed and illustrated in this lengthy manual. Although designed specifically...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Blacks, Books, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Cultural Context, Cultural...
This guide presents a three-week unit on the literature of Ghana. It is designed as part of an eleventh grade world literature course. General objectives include having students identify the literature of Africa with the outstanding literature of the world, change negative attitudes about Africa, and provide a broad view of the lifestyles of Africa. The unit is composed of 15 lessons. Students are introduced to an overview of Africa after which they examine the life of the Ashanti of Ghana, the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African Literature, Area Studies, Cultural Awareness, Educational...
Along with the history of the civil rights movement, this publication, which is well suited for classroom use, tells the stories of those who died during that struggle. Their lives serve as examples of the many personal tragedies suffered for a movement that transformed America from a society in which blacks were routinely excluded from full citizenship to one that now recognizes, even if it has not fully realized, the equal rights of all citizens. The following sections are included: (1)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biographies, Black History, Black Leadership, Civil Rights, Demonstrations (Civil),...
This resource guide recognizes that the arts provide a natural arena for teaching multicultural perspectives to students of all ages. The guide features the four most prevalent ethnic minorities in Colorado, African American, Asian American, Hispanic American, and Native American, plus a section prepared by Colorado's state folklorists. The resource guide provides information to Colorado schools about print, disc, video, audio tape and visual resources, as well as a sampling of local community...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Aesthetic Education, American Indian Culture, American Indians, Art Education, Asian...
A group of 100 black ghetto residents was surveyed to learn what stereotypes they held of whites, Mexican-Americans, and Japanese-Americans. The subjects were asked to check adjectives in a list which they thought characteristic of members of each ethnic group. The results showed that blacks have strongly negative views of whites, whom they see as evasive, critical, aggressive, ignorant, boastful, and of Mexican-Americans, who are considered emotional, radical, talkative, argumentative, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitudes, Black Stereotypes, Communication (Thought Transfer), Cultural Images,...
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Developed for secondary students to place political situations in context, this document uses essays, interviews, songs, literature, and prose to present the culture of Haiti and the history of colonialism, neo-colonialism, and struggles for independence. After a historical overview, a chronology provides key dates in Haitian history. Maps of Haiti and the Caribbean precede two folktales that blend African and European folklore to become part of the cultural heritage of the Haitian people. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Colonialism, Cultural Background, Cultural Education, Cultural Influences, Folk...
This bibliography provides a comprehensive listing of book and audio-visual materials of interest to, by, and about Black Americans. Annotations are given for a majority of the books and selections are marked if they are recommended for all libraries or for large libraries. Books are listed under subject headings including: Africa, art, Black Panther Party, cookery, fiction, military experience, poetry, regional studies, women, children's and young adult. Other media listed include: pamphlets,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annotated Bibliographies, Audiovisual Aids, Bibliographies, Black Achievement, Black...
A framework of the historical development of African Americans is provided in these social studies units designed for secondary students. The purpose of the guide is to assist teachers in presenting an unbiased view of American history which includes the rich cultural heritage of Africa, thereby giving students an understanding of the significance of black history, of minority groups as a vital, contributing component of a pluralistic society, and of the principles of a democratic society. It...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Activity Units, African Culture, African History, Black Culture, Black History, Black...
An interracial team of teachers and regional consultants worked together revising this ten-year-old book on the teaching of black literature. The first section discusses black literature in terms of its discovery, tradition, and affective aspects; outlines goals and objectives for the course; presents a historical survey of black American writers; considers junior novels, short story collections, biographies, and autobiographies (historical and modern) by both black and white writers; and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Literature, Annotated Bibliographies, Autobiographies, Biographies, Black...
The document presents a seventh grade social studies unit on Africa. The unit is one of a number of products developed by a summer workshop for teachers on African curriculum development. The objective is to help students understand the concept of culture, how cultures develop, and how and why cultures change. The document is divided into two parts. Part One focuses on students' knowledge and misinformation about Africa, as well as the environment of the continent, a prediction of problems...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African Literature, Area Studies, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural...
This guide provides history, format, contact names, addresses, and phone numbers of some African dance and African American marching units in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania). The working papers are divided into two categories. "Part One: Movements of African Dance in Philadelphia" begins with a sensitive, detailed explanation of the contextual meaning and authentication of local African dance tradition. "Part Two: African American Marching Units in Philadelphia" is introduced...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Programs, Art Education, Black Culture, Blacks, Community Influence, Cultural...
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This guide seeks to be a tool for action and a resource for understanding some of the key issues concerning Africa today. Through a series of six sessions, participants focus on a particular theme or issue that links their community with the African context. The six sessions focus on: (1) "Building Connections with Africa"; (2) "Culture Connections"; (3) "Economic Connections"; (4) "Issue Connections" (Children and Youth, Environment, Food and Hunger,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African History, African Studies, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural...
The annotated bibliography cites over 500 audio-visual materials in the Afro-American Resource Center of the Toledo Public Schools. Black history and culture are emphasized, although some of the materials treat other ethnic and minority groups. Some items cited were published in the 70's, but most date from the 60's. The publication is divided into sections, which group the audio-visuals by type of material, and include: 1) motion pictures; 2) filmstrips; 3) records; 4) cassettes; 5) games; 6)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Culture, African History, African Literature, Annotated Bibliographies, Bias,...