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Many new Council of Independent Colleges (CIC) programs and services are highlighted in this special anniversary Annual Report, amount them American Graduate Fellowships and "Ancient Greece in the Modern College Classroom." Other CIC initiatives continue to help campus leaders enhance their decision-making capacity, leadership expertise, educational programs, administrative and financial performance, and institutional visibility, and are described here. Information concerning award...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Awards, Private Colleges
Throughout a student's time in school, a variety of transitions will occur. From home to school, grade to grade, school to school, school to post-secondary training or employment, students experience changes in expectations, responsibilities and routines. This resource provides sample ideas and templates for creating a Learner Profile that students, teachers and parents can use as part of the transition planning process. The Learner Profile is designed to help students, parents and teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Profiles, Thompson, Carolyn
This bibliography on the Yugoslavian educational system is divided into the following topics: history and development of education, education research, school reform, teacher training and teaching staff, schools and institutions, curricula and syllabi, audiovisual aids, polytechnical education, physical education, problems in education, hostels, management and finance, legislation, and education statistics. Related documents include ED 026 893, ED 034 459, ED 131 109, and ED 037 730. (LLR)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bibliographies, Education, Foreign Countries
This paper principally examines personality from a philosophical standpoint. First, problems related to the definition of this subject-matter are considered. Descriptive definitions and stipulative definitions are discussed. Second, a description of personality based on the Theory of Fuzzy Systems (TFS) and computers is suggested. The basic idea of this theory is that, in addition to the conventional sets and relations, vague sets and relations may also be used. It is noted that when fuzzy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Formation, Foreign Countries, Personality
China issued two educational principles in 1960s and 1990s respectively. Both are composed of three fundamental elements--general aim of education, concrete purposes of education and ways of realizing them. Both emphasize the combination of education and work as well as the all-round development of the educatee. The difference between the two is that the former stipulates that education should serve the proletarian politics and education of laboring people while the latter provides that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Principles, Yang, Tianping
Research messages 2004 is a collection of summaries on all research projects published or completed by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research in 2004. It is the first year such a product has been produced by NCVER. The summaries are clustered under five broad themes used by NCVER to organize all of its VET research and analysis: (1) Industry and employers; (2) Students and individuals; (3) Teaching and learning; (4) VET system; and (5) VET in context. Fifty-six pieces of work are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Case Studies
One of the sources for the observed differences between the occupational choices and preferences of women and men may be the way in which they perceive the considerations or aspects which are taken into account in the process of career decision making. That is, the different meanings men and women attribute to the various aspects may give rise to differences in their career preferences. An examination was made of the possible differences in the meanings attributed to career-related aspects by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Decision Making, Foreign Countries, Sex Differences
In order to develop strategies for training future journalists, the New Zealand Council for Educational Research sponsored a survey of all journalists in all branches of the profession in New Zealand in 1987. The response rate was over 46%; 1,249 New Zealand journalists returned the survey. Major findings revealed that: (1) the proportion of female journalists is steadily increasing; (2) journalism continues to be a "young" profession; (3) less than 5% of the respondents were members...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Journalism, Journalism Education, Occupational Surveys
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Australia is a hotbed of Ed Tech activity. The Australian Council for Computers in Education is one of many active ISTE Affi liates in Australia, and through the New South Wales Computer Education Group it has brought ISTE two active educational leaders: Paul Meldrum and Gary Brown. Like many of our members, both of these men were so effective at using technology to teach that they were soon promoted out of the classroom. They miss working with students on a day-to-day basis, but Gary says they...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Meldrum, Paul|Brown, Gary
This report and the companion backgrounder "Supporting Persons with Disabilities in Post-Secondary Education" represent the work of the Foundational Learning and Diversity sub-committee. Within the larger context and framework of A Learning Alberta, the sub-committee focused on identifying priorities for community learning opportunities to better meet the diverse learning needs of adults who are under-represented in existing formal learning opportunities. They looked specifically at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Disabilities, Literacy, Informal Education, Adult Learning
This comparative higher education bibliography from the graduate program in Higher Education at University of Texas at Austin provides references with publication dates through 1990 under the following categories: "General and Canada" (85); "Africa (Sub-Sahara)" (23); "Asia" (122); "Australia and New Zealand" (25); "Western Europe" (168); "Great Britain" (56); "Latin America" (81); "Middle East" (23); "USSR and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
This paper is intended to support school authorities by summarizing research on professional development. The term professional development is used in a context that encompasses related terms such as staff development, training and in-service. The paper covers conceptions and understandings of professional development, processes and approaches related to professional development, effective environments for professional development, evaluation of professional development, and indicators of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Improvement, Professional Development, Foreign Countries
This conference was designed to facilitate an exchange of information and experiences on the major issues in research with human subjects. In each session, a speaker from the United States and one from the United Kingdom reviewed procedures, progress, and problems related to a particular topic, leading to a thorough discussion of the advantages or disadvantages of the systems being compared. Each presentation thus provided a significant review of the topic under discussion. The following topics...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Medical Research, Research Design
The premise of this book is that economic growth has made life considerably worse for people in Britain since 1955 and that, even if growth were beneficial at one stage in human history, it is now damaging. The book presents evidence of social and environmental damage caused by growth and several reasons for a persistence of growth in the face of this damage. It is proposed that the real reason growth has not been stopped is that economic systems would collapse if it did. The book looks at the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Environment, Foreign Countries, Policy, Pollution, Sustainable Development
The introduction of new scholarships and awards in Canadian college athletics led to a panel discussion at the 1971 Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation on the issue of opposing or supporting such scholarships. The first participant supported them and felt it was wrong to assume Canadian sports would automatically imitate American mistakes of ignoring the athlete's academic life and allowing too much recruitment activity. The second participant felt athletes do...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletes, Athletics, Awards, Foreign Countries, Recruitment, Scholarships
This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, a bi-annual publication in English and French, looks at the practical and operational aspects of dealing with HIV/AIDS in the African context: school-based anti-AIDS clubs and life skills approaches to HIV/AIDS education in Africa, and the ways in which they promote healthy lifestyles that enable young people to acquire knowledge and develop attitudes and proficiency which support the adoption of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Newspapers, Clubs
The ability of 2-year-olds to carry out a forward search strategy was examined in a study of performance on platform rotation problems. One group of children was tested successively on two analogous versions of a task. The two versions shared the same underlying principle but had different surface characteristics. A control group was given an unrelated problem, and was then tested on the platform rotation tasks. Findings showed that 2-year-olds were able to use a sophisticated forward search...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Ability, Foreign Countries, Infant Behavior, Problem Solving
A primary difference between spontaneous speech and read speech concerns the use of false starts, where a speaker interrupts the flow of speech to restart his or her utterance. A study examined the acoustic aspects of such restarts in a widely-used speech database, examining approximately 1000 utterances, about 10% of which contained a restart. Identifying the type of restart in such cases could improve the performance of an automatic speech recognizer, by eliminating from consideration some...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communication Research, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Speech Communication
This paper provides an overview of themes from the history of the AARE and relates them to current debates around educational research, its methodologies, methods and means of dissemination.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Professional Associations, Gill, Judith
The graduate of the Hairstylist apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to perform the following tasks: (1) haircutting; (2) chemical texturing, chemical relaxing; (3) hair colouring; (4) eyebrow and eyelash treatment; (5) facial services for hairstyling purposes (moustaches and beards); (6) wigs and hair additions; (7) hair and scalp shampooing, treatments and massage; (8) wet to dry styling; and (9) perform assigned tasks in accordance with quality and production...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Apprenticeships, Course Descriptions, Cosmetology, Service...
Fifteen author-contributed papers are presented from the 1983 First European Conference on Research in Rehabilitation. The following titles and authors are represented: "Disability in a Large Public Sector Work Force" (D. Walker); "The Accidents and Absence of Disabled People at Work" (M. Kettle); "Employment Rehabilitation of Production Workers in Heavy Industry" (S.P. Whalley and H.J. Watson); "Systematic Work Design for Disabled People); (M. Hartenbach et...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disabilities, Employment, Foreign Countries, Rehabilitation, Vocational Rehabilitation
The multivariate technique OVERALS is introduced as a non-linear generalization of canonical correlation analysis (CCA). First, two sets CCA is introduced. Two sets CCA is a technique that computes linear combinations of sets of variables that correlate in an optimal way. Two sets CCA is then expanded to generalized (or k sets) CCA. The formulation for the OVERALS technique fits well in the general tradition of "k" sets methods. The formulation is based on a minimization of the loss...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Correlation, Foreign Countries, Generalization, Multivariate Analysis, Statistical...
The Aristotelian approach to definition, labeled essentialism, is examined, and its relationship to sociolinguistics is discussed. Aristotle taught that a definition points to the essence of something, perhaps by naming it, and then describes it. Popper criticized this approach to definition as overly verbose in that it invites an infinite regression of definitions, and is not helpful in understanding the universe. It is proposed here that, as in other disciplines, many sociolinguists follow...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Definitions, Foreign Countries, Linguistic Theory, Sociolinguistics
In 1932, F. C. Bartlett first used the concept of "schema" borrowing it from Head, to suggest a unitary structure whose elements interacted in a complex way. This structure, which aimed to insure the continuity of the cognizing organism, was at the same time the expression of the functional principle responsible for the mutual interdependence among an organism, a human being, and the environment. Current research on cognitive processes frequently refers to the concept of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Ecology, Foreign Countries, Schemata (Cognition)
By analyzing reasons for and problems in China universities' non-institutionalized power structure, this paper tries to prove the limits of non-institutionalized power structure making up for institutionalized power structure in universities, with the hope of revealing the deep reasons for the institutionalized structure imbalance in universities.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Universities, Power Structure, Problems, Liu, Yuting
The Tenth Annual Report contains a summary of the National Library of Australia's activities for the period 1969 through 1970. Included in the report are sections on: (1) Functions and Management of the Library, (2) Royal Visit, (3) Reference Services, (4) Development of the General Collection, (5) Australian Collections and Services, (6) Oriental Studies Collections and Services, (7) Pictorial Collections and Services, (8) Rare Book Collections and Services, (9) Organization of the Library and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annual Reports, Foreign Countries, Library Planning, National Libraries
This publication, presented in pocket guide format, contains highlights from the 2004 vocational education and training (VET) statistics collection. It also includes key data on VET, apprentices and trainees' training activity, and information on technical and further education (TAFE) graduates obtained from the 2004 Student Outcomes Survey. Among the highlights: (1) 1.6 million students were enrolled in the public VET system in 2004; (2) The training participation rate of the working-age...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries
Approximately 10 to 15 years ago the Swedes became aware that the incidence of cohabitation under marriage-like conditions but without marriage had increased tremendously. This increasingly prevalent social behavior raised problems concerning the legal custody of the children of such unions and, ultimately, a way of granting unmarried parents joint custody of their children was worked out. For Americans and Norwegians joint custody became a social issue in the context of divorce. Research and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Legal Problems, Marital Status, Parent Responsibility
The scope of these recommended standards for policy and provision of school library resource centers in Great Britain encompass the following six areas: (1) scope and arrangement of the memorandum; (2) the purpose and function of the school library; (3) administration, organization and finance; (4) staff: duties, status and qualifications; (5) stock: books and other materials and (6) school library accommodation. (MM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Library Standards, Resource Centers, School Libraries
The subjective nature of assessment focuses attention on the prior perceptions that workplace assessors can bring to formal assessment activities, regarding the competence of workers. This paper draws on a study into workplace learning and assessment practices and the construction of worker identities, which was conducted at three food production companies in North East Victoria. The paper proposes that, rather than concentrating principally on planned, formal assessment activities to determine...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Food Service, Evaluation, Foreign Countries, Timma, Hilary
A great deal of disagreement exists as to whether the writing systems of the Brahmi family of scripts from Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent and the Hangul script of Korea should be classified as alphabets or syllabaries. Both have in common a mixture of syllabic and alphabetic characteristics that has spawned vigorous disagreement among scholars as to their classification. An analysis of the alphabetic and syllabic aspects of the two writing systems is presented and it is demonstrated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alphabets, Foreign Countries, Language Classification, Written Language
Articles in this issue, written in Spanish, focus on the following: the philosophy of Jaime Torres Bodet (humanistic vision of adult education; objectives of public education in Mexico; Mexico and the issue of culture; The Mexican National Museum of History; Enrique Gonzalez Martinez, poet of all hours; Marti, Cuba's champion; educational challenges; homage to Master Antonio Caso; Cervantes and Don Vasco de Quiroga; Bolivar's presence; adult education; renunciation of the UNESCO...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, Literacy Education
This publication presents early estimates of apprentice and trainee commencements for the June quarter 2010. Indicative information about this quarter is presented here; the most recent figures are estimated, taking into account reporting lags that occur at the time of data collection. The early trend estimates are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.64, June 2010. Data are only available for commencements at the national level and have been seasonally adjusted and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Apprenticeships, Trainees, Vocational Education, Trend Analysis, Foreign Countries
The Group of Eight (Go8) appreciates the opportunity to contribute to the consultation about the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA)--Draft Provider Standards. These are some overarching questions regarding the application of the Draft Provider Standards and their interaction with the broader regulatory framework in which universities operate: (1) How will the provider standards be applied to universities, established under State and Territory acts?; and (2) How do the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Postsecondary Education, Accreditation (Institutions), Standards, Universities,...
This report describes an eating disorder as a multi-dimensional physiological, psychological, social, and cultural illness. A chart describing the typical anorexic and bulimic is included which has on its horizontal axis the predisposing, precipitating, perpetuating, professional help, and prevention factors of anorexia nervosa and bulimia. On its vertical axis, each factor is further divided into physical or physiological contributing factors, psychological or emotional contributing factors,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia, Foreign Countries, Intervention, Prevention
Although the main characteristics of procedural discourse are well known, less is known about its various subtypes. Most of the data for the present paper are taken from Category E (skills, trades, and hobbies) in the Brown and LOB corpora, supplemented with examples from computer manuals and a manual for drivers. Following a survey of previous research on procedural discourse, a formulaic definition of procedural discourse is offered: X PRESCRIBE HOW Y DO Z, where X is the knowledgeable text...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discourse Analysis, Foreign Countries, Text Structure, Written Language
This paper identifies the directions in which new developments in educational planning are moving and draws some conclusions on how the training of specialists in the field of educational planning is likely to be affected by changing notions and practices. The first part of the paper outlines the assumptions that have characterized the field in recent years. These assumptions are concerned with planning as social research; the distribution of education; the quantity, quality, and content of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Needs, Educational Planning, Foreign Countries
Computer-assisted career guidance systems (CACGS) are one of the tools used by career counselors to facilitate the career decision making process of deliberating counselees. These systems are characterized by some inherent contradictions and face problems which must be solved or circumvented in order to increase their usefulness. Considering the apparent advantages CACGs one may ask why they are not used even more widely. A possible answer to this question is that many systems face difficulties...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Career Guidance, Counseling Effectiveness, Foreign Countries
Inverse translation has long been seen in the negative light in modern translation studies, and has thus been relegated to a sort of second class endeavour. Based on a brief comparative study of English translations of Wenxin Diaolong, a Chinese literary classic, this paper argues that inverse translation is as legitimate and feasible as direct translation in China, and that the assessment of quality of translation should be based more on the translator's translation competence and translation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Translation, Chinese, English, Shi, Jiasheng
This report describes the DELTA (Development of European Learning through Technological Advance) Pre-Pilot project, which was designed to develop a European Learning System Reference Model that would bring structure into discussions of European Learning Technology, and would function as an intermediary and consensus-identifying tool. The first section of the report provides the background on project organization and assumptions. The second section summarizes some of the activities and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communications, Educational Technology, Foreign Countries, International Programs,...
The Dakar 2000 goal of Education For All (EFA) is at the center of UNESCO's education activities worldwide. The wide-ranging efforts to achieve EFA in many countries involve education reform, development strategies and plans. Decentralization, a major component in modernizing the public sector, is also applicable to the education sector. The handbook offers an introduction and step-by-step guidelines on planning tools that aim to assist education administrators in planning and decision making...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Public Sector, Higher Education
All over the world, distance mode of education is gaining a momentum and becoming more popular than conventional education. It is a system in which schools, universities and other educational agencies offer instruction wholly or partly by mail. Eritrea is a newly independent country in Africa is been facing many challenges particularly in its education sector. It did not have more educational institutions at tertiary level. Thus the distance learning is the best option for this country. An...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Schools, Distance Education, Rena, Ravinder
This paper describes the experience of a counseling psychologist who completed a Senior Fulbright Teaching Lectureship at Moscow State Pedagogical University in Moscow, Russia from February 19 to April 24, 1992. The primary goal of the paper is to provide observations about Russian education, the status of counseling, and life in Moscow 6 months after the failed coup d'etat. Secondly, the paper is written to encourage other counseling professionals to apply for Fulbright Awards in Russia and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Instruction, Counseling, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Psychology
A comprehensive analysis of English "as" clauses in terms of distribution and interpretation is offered. It is hypothesized that "as" clauses provide a supplementary explanation to the head noun (adnominal "as" clauses) and provide the propositional content of the main clauses (sentential "as" clauses.) "As" clauses, whether they seem to function as adnominal or sentential, should be regarded as adverbial clauses. (Contains 19 references.) (JP)
Topics: ERIC Archive, English, Foreign Countries, Function Words, Nouns, Phrase Structure
As today's society places more and more emphasis on preventive mental health, the use of counselors and psychologists as consultants on the radio is a viable alternative form of public education. The radio can be used to educate and inform the public about psychological issues. In 1982, a local radio station in Edmonton, Alberta aired the first program of "That's Living," a talk show that was hosted by psychiatrists and psychologists. This radio program provided a context where...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Counseling, Educational Radio, Foreign Countries, Mental Health, Wellness
This study sought to determine whether changes in personality functioning occurred in teenagers participating in a one-month homestay in Japan. Subjects included exchange participants (N=154) and non-participant control group members (N=112) who were nominated by the exchange group. The California Psychological Inventory was administered to both groups prior to the exchange, once again at its conclusion, and a third time 4 months later. Results showed that the exchange group increased in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Exchange Programs, Foreign Countries, Personality Change, Travel
A study applied artificial neural networks, trained with the back-propagation learning algorithm, to modelling phonemes extracted from the DARPA TIMIT multi-speaker, continuous speech data base. A number of proposed network architectures were applied to the phoneme classification task, ranging from the simple feedforward multilayer network to more complex modular architectures which attempt to assign classifier modules to different regions of the input space. Results showed that, in general,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, Communication Research, Foreign Countries, Phonemes, Speech
Many university programs are offered offshore to students whose first language and culture is not the same as the program's creator and where teachers' language and culture may not be the same as the students or the creators. This study investigated potential conflicts in a Hong Kong setting in a mathematics foundation classroom using an ethnographic approach and analysed the data using Valsiner's Zone theory. It is important to investigate the issues that arise from implementing such a program...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Student Relationship, Galligan, Linda
Established in 1999, the UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) is one of six UNESCO Institutes and Centers under the direction of the UNESCO Secretariat. The only UNESCO Institute in Africa, it is mandated to strengthen the capacities of the teacher education institutions of its 53 member states, and promote international cooperation for the development of education through the New Partnership for Africa's Development and the African Union. This report discusses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Schools, Educational Quality, International Cooperation
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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Described in this issue of "Children in the Tropics" are handicraft, semi-industrial, and industrial projects which produce weaning foods in developing countries. The introductory section briefly discusses the global epidemiology of malnutrition and offers guidelines for combatting malnutrition. Chapter I provides a framework for reflection on the establishment of a workshop for the production of a weaning food, and discusses the decision to produce such food at a semi-handicraft...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Children, Developing Nations, Foreign Countries, Nutrition
The General Conference, at its fifteenth session, deemed it desirable that an international instrument be drawn up for the standardization of statistics relating to libraries in the form of a recommendation to Member States. In accordance with the "Rules of Procedure concerning Recommendations to Member States and International Conventions..." the Director-General drew up the present report on the position with regard to the problem to be regulated by the recommendation and on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Libraries, Standards, Statistics
At its fifteenth session, the General Conference deemed it desirable that an international instrument be drawn up for the international standardization of statistics relating to libraries, in the form of a recommendation to Member States. Thus, the Director-General drew up a preliminary report together with a preliminary draft recommendation (See LI 002 088). These were sent under cover of a circular letter dated 16 July 1969 to Member States, who were invited to submit their comments and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Libraries, Standards, Statistics
In the fall of 2004, the Institute for Educational Leadership (IEL) convened members of the School Leadership Learning Community (SLLC) and invited guests for three invitational, issue-focused meetings. Each of the meetings was conducted as a modified Select Seminar (www.casdany.neric.org/history3.htm) and explored an issue specific to preparing and supporting school leaders. The discussions were held in an environment conducive to open and honest dialogue and participants were encouraged to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Speech Communication, Rural Schools
The report lists the membership for various department-related groups. Following introductory remarks by Director D. W. Crowley, the report lists the replacements on the Joint Committee for Tutorial Classes and the University Extension Board and cites the professional activities of some of the members of the academic staff. The transfer of the Hunter Valley program to the jurisdiction of the University of Newcastle, the status of the Metropolitan Tutorial Classes, and the effects of economic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Annual Reports, College Administration, Foreign Countries
The future schooling scenarios prepared by the OECD/CERI (OECD, 2001) are the focus of this article, first because they provide a useful tool for futures thinking in educational settings and, second, because they provide an analytic framework to investigate how notions of citizenship are embedded in educational policies and in the organisation of compulsory schooling. This article outlines the scenarios developed by the OECD/CERI, describes how these were used to conduct a survey of educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Citizenship, Educational Policy, Surveys, Mutch, Carol
This study examines linguistic change as it is found in the works of Daniel Pennac. It discusses heterogeneity at different levels--phonetic, lexical, syntactical, and stylistic--which leaves traces in the language itself of the mixture of different races and cultures, and is highlighted by the microcosm of the neighborhood of Belleville in Paris. Such social and cultural heterogeneity, which imposes linguistic changes to the language due to racial coexistence, reflects a period of transition,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Influences, Foreign Countries, French, Bartoli, Antonella Leoncini
"Pride and Prejudice," owing to its romantic and superb language, enjoys a great audience and has at least five Chinese versions in circulation. Among them are two versions which are translated by the most authoritative translators published in China: the version translated by Wang Keyi and the version translated by Sun Zhili. The former got its first edition in 1956 while the latter was first published in the year of 1994. In terms of the ideology, the different features of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Novels, Translation, Ideology, Zhang, Feng
The nature and use of names are the focus of a resarch report published in a Canadian journal. The article presents the results of a study of college and university sports teams' nicknames, including major categories of names (human, animal world, mythical, etc.), and frequency of names. The report concludes with a discussion of the social implications of name choices. (HTH)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Foreign Countries, Geography, Higher Education, Language Research
Most career decisions involve compromises. The need to compromise can be attributed to the fact that the characteristics of the options in the occupational world do not necessarily match the ideal career image of the career decision maker. This study examined the readiness to compromise and the content of compromise in 1,252 deliberating women and 751 deliberating men who used "MESHIV"--a computer-assisted career decision making system. Participants were aged 18 or older. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Attitudes, Career Choice, Foreign Countries, Sex Differences
The history of sports is closely tied to the larger history of the society in which they are played. Baseball in the United States in the 1920's and l930's assumed a major role in spreading the ideals of fair play, sportsmanship, and democracy to the Far East, with tours by amateur athletes and professionals such as Lou Gehrig and Babe Ruth. Even after the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924, it was felt that Baseball Diplomacy should continue in order to lessen Japanese resentment at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Baseball, Foreign Countries, International Relations, Sportsmanship
Common approaches to coping are discussed, followed by a description of the process of women coping with breast cancer as it is expressed in their own poems. Qualitative analysis was conducted on eight poems, with the results opening new avenues for counselors who work with women suffering from breast cancer. (Contains 54 references.) (GCP)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Coping, Counseling Techniques, Foreign Countries, Poetry, Jacoby, Rebecca
This study asks, To what degree has the Civitas: An International Civic Education Exchange Program in Bosnia and Herzegovina been effective in creating or promoting attitudes and values that serve to strengthen support for democratic institutions and processes among Bosnia and Herzegovina school children? To answer this question, an empirical study was conducted with nearly two thousand upper elementary and secondary students in Bosnia and Herzegovina in May 1999. This report provides evidence...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Foreign Countries, Social Studies, Soule, Suzanne
Money has significant impact on people's motivation and behavior. This study examined attitudes toward money of first-year undergraduate university students (N=68) in National Taiwan University. The Money Ethic Scale (MES) was used to identify six factors concerning the meaning of money: good, evil, achievement, respect, budget, and freedom. A personality questionnaire measured the Protestant Work Ethic (PWE), the leisure ethic, and the internal-external locus of control. The results indicated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Student Attitudes
This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, published bi-annually in English and French, sheds light on the needs of teachers and teacher training in emergency situations with practical approaches and strategies provided on capacity building in the area of teacher education. Furthermore, it ventures into the examination of major components of education for reconstruction with some concrete examples drawn from the work of educators in the area of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Peace, Newspapers, Emergency Programs
The Eleventh Annual Report contains a summary of the National Library of Australia's activities for the period 1970 through 1971. Included in the report are sections on: (1) Management of the Library, (2) Service to the Public, (3) Development of the General Collection, (4) Australian Collections and Services, (5) National Bibliography, (6) Library Services to Commonwealth Territories, (7) National Clearing Center, (8) Education for Librarianship, (9) Orientation and Use of the Building and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annual Reports, Foreign Countries, Library Planning, National Libraries
Previous literature suggests that young children are relatively insensitive to viewpoint in drawing, only showing their view when the task demands it. In contrast, older children appear to become more sensitive to viewpoint, and it has been claimed that there is a developmental progression towards portrayal of viewpoint though linear perspective. This study investigated sensitivity to viewpoint by direct manipulation of the child's view. A total of 225 children of 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 years of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Age Differences, Children, Foreign Countries, Freehand Drawing
This book provides a practically oriented reflection on gender equity in higher education and offers insights on how to achieve such equity. Equity, rather than "equality," is the focus of the discussion, which refines the discussion of gender and higher education to go beyond traditional ideas of equal provision and the mathematical equality of outcomes. The discussion includes equal treatment or treatment that is different but considered equivalent in terms of rights, benefits, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Gender Issues, Higher Education, Sex Fairness,...
A study examined the effect of language style and variation in speech rate on the vocalization of /l/ in local Cambridge English. This sociolinguistic feature has been described as marking southeastern varieties of British English and as a connected speech process (CSP) in its sensitivity to variation in speaking rate. Language style variables were sentence reading and narrative reading. Sentence reading was slow, normal, or fast. Vocalization was measured as total, partial, or not at all....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Language Research, Language Styles, Language Variation, Linguistic...
A short-term longitudinal study investigated the way parents come to perceive their infant's temperament as difficult, and to identify factors influencing parents' impression formation. Subjects were 40 middle and lower middle class breastfeeding mothers and their singleton newborns of 38 weeks gestation and 2500 grams birth weight. All mothers were ambulatory, responsible for "rooming-in" care, and had no histories of psychiatric or chronic physical illness. Multiple measures were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Fathers, Foreign Countries, Infants, Longitudinal Studies, Mothers, Parents,...
The main findings of Cedefop's latest skill demand and supply forecast for the European Union (EU) for 2010-20, indicate that although further economic troubles will affect the projected number of job opportunities, the major trends, including a shift to more skill-intensive jobs and more jobs in services, will continue. Between 2008 and 2010 Europe lost around 5.5 million jobs due to the economic slowdown. Although substantial, this is less than feared as EU Member States and social partners...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Employment Opportunities, Demand Occupations, Employment Patterns,...
Universities are required by legislation to provide annual staff unit record files to the Department of Education, Science and Training (DEST). Most universities seem to undertake this task with appropriate diligence. This paper examines the latest staff aggregated data set released by DEST (2005 data), in order to compare average salaries paid by universities to general ("non-academic") staff, and to identify the top salaries paid. (Contains 4 tables and 2 figures.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Salaries, Higher Education, Full Time Equivalency, Foreign Countries, Dobson, Ian R.
The Magazine section of the proceedings contains the following 4 selected papers: "Racial Cover-Up, 1996-2000: Who Is the Face on Today's Fashion Magazine?" (Lindsey Kressin); "Reporter at Large: Morris Markey's Literary Journalism in 'The New Yorker'" (Les Sillars); "Art, Ideology and Americanisation in Post-War Dutch Journalism" (Hans Renders); and "Union Magazines' Coverage of the NAFTA Controversy before Congressional Approval" (Eric Freedman). (RS)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Content Analysis, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Ideology, Journalism...
Development of skills for the critical analysis of media texts--an important task of media education. However, media literacy practice shows that students have the problems with the discussion/analysis of entertainment genres in the early stages of media studies, for example, the difficulties in the process of understanding and interpreting the author's conception, plot and genre features. This article substantiates the methodological approaches to the analysis skills of detective/thriller...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Media Literacy, Criticism, Comparative Analysis, Literary Genres, Films, Students,...
Because of economic reforms, membership of the WTO and globalisation, China needs a better-educated workforce. The aim of this paper is to describe the developments in education and training in China that are the consequences of these economic reforms by means of a short literature review.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Economic Change, Global Approach, Educational...
Recent research has shown that Brazilian Portuguese is undergoing a change regarding the null subject parameter, evolving from a null subject to a non-null subject language. This paper presents the results of a short term, real time study of speakers of Brazilian Portuguese with low and mid levels of formal education. The study was based on samples of speakers recorded in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, during the early 1980s and between 1999 and 2000. The study examined changes in the process,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Language Usage, Language Variation, Linguistics, Portuguese,...
Recent advances in information technology have made feasible the development of intelligent computer assisted instruction study units. Analysis and design of such systems require the active involvement of a development team consisting of domain experts, educators, and knowledge engineers. Science and technology teaching methods are frequently domain-independent. The important component that changes is the domain knowledge. This is the basis for the analysis and development of an intelligent...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Assisted Instruction, Courseware, Foreign Countries, Intelligent Tutoring...
The proceedings of a workshop on the growth of Southeast Asian universities emphasize the problems attendant to this growth; for example, expansion versus consolidation of higher education, and mass versus selective higher education. Papers concerned with university growth focus on various countries: Indonesia, Khmer Republic, Laos, Vietnam, Malasia, Singapore, Thailand, and the Philippines. (MJM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperative Planning, Educational Development, Educational Improvement, Educational...
This paper is intended to provide a systematic treatment of some hypotheses relating to labor force participation determinants, and an illustration of the relative importance of age, education, and marital status for female participation. Marital status, education, and age have all been shown to affect participation rates. On an impressionistic basis, marital status has been shown to have a greater effect than education, which in turn has a greater impact than age. Although age is of least...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Age, Education, Employed Women, Foreign Countries, Labor Force, Marital Status,...
This study was to discover the impact which the Regional College Teacher Education Program had upon India's secondary education in general and on other teacher education programs in particular. Criteria for evaluation were based on the specific objectives of the three groups of institutions selected: regional colleges, traditional colleges, and university departments of education. Random samples were selected from student teachers, secondary school teachers, faculty of teacher training...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Program Evaluation, Schools of Education, Secondary School...
Apprentice and trainee data are reported by the State and Territory Training Authorities to NCVER (National Centre for Vocational Education Research) on a quarterly basis, starting at the September quarter of 1994. The set of data submitted that quarter is referred to as Collection 1. The sets of data submitted in subsequent quarters are referred to as Collection 2, Collection 3 and so on. NCVER publishes data on the numbers of contracts of training that commence, complete, cancel/withdraw,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocational Education, Trainees, Apprenticeships, Contracts, Computation, Statistical...
The purpose of this paper is to derive optimal rules for sequential mastery tests. In a sequential mastery test, the decision is to classify a subject as a master or a nonmaster, or to continue sampling and administering another random test item. The framework of minimax sequential decision theory (minimum information approach) is used; that is, optimal rules are obtained by minimizing the maximum expected losses associated with all possible decision rules at each stage of sampling. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, Foreign Countries, Mastery Tests, Models, Sampling, Vos, Hans J.
The myriad challenges facing school principals in the United States have been well documented, including limited opportunities for distributed leadership, inadequate training, and a lackluster pipeline for new leaders. Recently, the Fordham Institute teamed up with the London-based Education Foundation to seek a better understanding of England's recent efforts to revamp school leadership. This joint effort led to a white paper, "Building a Lattice for School Leadership"; the short...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Instructional Leadership, Administrator Education, Educational...
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This publication provides background and practical information for those interested in doing business with China. The United States officially recognized the People's Republic of China (PRC) on January 1, 1979. Chinese leaders view international trade as an important factor in transforming China into a modern industrial state as well as an instrument to foster the overall political and economic goals of making China a strong unified nation capable of exercising leadership in Asia and the world....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Business, Exports, Foreign Countries, Marketing, Merchandise Information, Merchants,...
The Dakar Framework for Action, adopted at the 2000 World Education Forum, called upon governments to ensure that Education for All (EFA) goals are achieved by 2015. This EFA planning guide is designed as a working tool for educational planners, statisticians, and members of national EFA task forces. It provides practical advice to educational practitioners working at subnational level who have planning functions. It includes a computerized EFA Analysis and Projection Model on CD-ROM, developed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Global...
Prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, this bibliography of books and pamphlets on the agricultural sciences and related subjects for agricultural education and training in Africa is classified in broad subject area groups. Each item includes author, title, place of publication, publisher, publication date, price, and a grading symbol indicating advanced or intermediate standard. (GB)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Education, Agriculture, Bibliographies, Educational Research, Foreign...
The General Conference recommended provisions concerning definition of the library and related terms in the library field to insure standardization for the collection of library statistics. Definitions are provided for the library, its collections, users, expenditures and for librarians. Libraries are categorized as national institutions of higher education; special, school, public and other. Definitions are given for statistical data to be collected to insure uniformity. (AB)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Definitions, Foreign Countries, International Organizations, International Programs,...
"Credit with Education" is a way to provide self-financing microfinance (or small-scale banking) to women, primarily in very poor rural areas, while at the same time providing education for business and family survival. Within the village banking environment, attempts to integrate education with village bank meetings have fallen into two types: (1) the field staff provides the education and financial services at the same village bank meetings; or (2) two or more specialists provide...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Banking, Developing Nations, Empowerment, Females, Food, Foreign Countries, Models,...
This report is one of a series of disciplinary planning studies carried out by the Advisory Committee on Academic Planning of the Council of Ontario Universities. The emphasis of the report is on forward planning, and it is hoped that it will help ensure the more ordered growth and development of graduate studies in Ontario's universities. This report deals with all aspects of economics. Recommendations suggest: (1) the universities' plan for M.A. enrollment be accepted; (2) the provincial plan...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Economics, Foreign Countries, Graduate Study,...
Module Three of the Alberta project "Stay In--You Win" is presented in this document. This module provides for an integrated strategy involving community, parents, students, and teachers. A collaborative team planning approach is used to maximize the "buy-in" of all teachers. The stated objectives of the module are to introduce a planning-for-change process for educational improvement; to provide an interactive workbook for planning school-based dropout prevention...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Dropout Prevention, Dropout Programs, Foreign Countries, High School Students, High...
This study of the processes guiding children's gender-linked conduct focused on ages prior to the development of self-regulatory control through the exercise of self-evaluative reactions. The study sample consisted of 29 boys and 33 girls in Australia between 17 and 48 months old. Measures included: (1) a videotaped toy play session in which children were left alone with five boys' and five girls' toys; (2) Leinbach and Fagot's gender labeling point test, extended with a self-pointing task; (3)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Age Differences, Childhood Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes,...
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The lake is blue black and deep. It is a glaciated finger lake, clawed out of rock when ice retracted across Nova Scotia in a northerly direction during the last ice age. The lake is narrow, a little over a mile long, and deep, 90 to 190 feet in places according to local lore, off the charts in others. The author loves to swim there, with a sense of incalculable depth below it, the open sky above it--an illusion of a double infinity. The author has been swimming there for twenty-six years. In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Personal Narratives, Natural Resources, Environmental Influences,...
Braille literacy skills are essential for success in school and employment and for independence throughout life. Because of the fundamental importance of well-developed literacy skills, the braille code by which persons who are blind or have low vision attain full literacy should be one that is easy and efficient to learn, use, and produce. A process has been under way for some time to study possible changes in the English braille code, which is the focus of this article. The goal of this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Reading Materials, Literacy, Braille, Blindness, Bogart,...
This report is a summary of discussions that took place at the "Sound Off" Regional Rural Youth Dialogue on Employment, Education and Communication, held in Vernon, British Columbia, on January 14, 2006. This event was part of the Rural Dialogue, an ongoing, two-way discussion between the Government of Canada and Canadians from rural, remote and northern regions. Launched in 1998, the Rural Dialogue is a key citizen-engagement component of the Canadian Rural Partnership (CRP). The CRP...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Citizen Participation, Rural Development, Economic Development,...
The article considers a concept of chance (casus) in criminal law and its main features. A definition of chance (casus) was analyzed as faultless causing of harm from a perspective of delimitation of the concept from carelessness in the form of criminal negligence. Particular attention is paid to the legislative definition of faultless causing of harm, which is found in criminal codes of foreign countries. Based on the study, the author has identified characteristic features of the chance...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Criminal Law, Negligence, Definitions, Legislation, Foreign Countries, Veresha, Roman...
The present paper seeks to investigate J.M. Coetzee's "Foe" and "Disgrace" in terms of Homi K. Bhabha's concept of Identities/Subjectivities. Homi K. Bhabha is one of the most important contemporary figure in postcolonial studies; he argues that ambivalence is existed at the site of colonial dominance. He argues that ambivalence is existed at the site of colonial dominance. The colonizer forcefully asserts his superiority to the colonized, but the feeling of fear is created...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Racial Segregation, Reading, Stereotypes, Foreign Policy,...
In this newsletter issue the stories of three Southeast Asian (Cambodian, Laotian, and Vietnamese) refugee women are told that describe their exodus from their countries to America and what their experiences have been, so far, in this country. The women also describe what they look for in their future. (GLR)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adjustment (to Environment), Expectation, Females, Foreign Countries, Life Events,...
This report was produced by a committee appointed by the Council for Higher Education of the Ministry of Education and Culture (Israel) to perform the following three major tasks: (1) review all facets of post-secondary education excluding university activities; (2) suggest principles on which to base the development of post-secondary education; and (3) make long- and short-run suggestions for planning and directing various types of post-secondary education. Other major efforts were to initiate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Development, Educational Planning, Foreign Countries, Institutional Role,...
Focuses on the background and rapidly growing literature on intercultural exchanges within the European perspective. Describes how study abroad or residence abroad is understood in the European context. Highlights features from current practice, with particular focus on the United Kingdom. (Author/VWL)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Educational Exchange, Second Language Learning,...
The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to a number of syntactic phenomena in modern English, specifically but not exclusively in British English, that can be characterized as urban/suburban near-standard usage. These phenomena are representative of a type of feature that has to date received relatively little attention from linguists. One such group of phenomena consists of features current among lower-middle-class, and, more especially, working-class speakers in towns. These include...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Language Usage, Language Variation, Standard Spoken Usage, Syntax,...
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This report presents an overview of the energy management plan for Tasmanian schools designed to minimize the costs of all forms of energy usage within these facilities. The policy and objectives of the plan are provided along with details of the plan itself and its current status. Appendices contain an extract from Asset Management Plan for Real Property Assets, a template for writing the Project Definition Statement for Energy Management, a list of sites identified for listing on the energy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cost Containment, Elementary Secondary Education, Energy Management, Foreign...