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A computerized prediction method for propulsive induced forces and moments in transition and short takeoff and landing (STOL) flight has been developed for the Naval Air Development Center (NADC). The method developed was based on the Vought V/STOL aircraft propulsive effects computer program (VAPE). The VAPE program is capable of evaluating: (1) Effects of relative wind about an aircraft; (2) Effects of propulsive lift jet entrainment, vorticity, and flow blockage; (3) Effects of engine inlet...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Beatty,T D, VOUGHT CORP DALLAS TX, *MATHEMATICAL MODELS, *MOMENTS, *JET PROPULSION,...
We present a molecular dynamics computer simulation method for calculating equilibrium constants for the formation of physical clusters of molecules. The method is based on Hill's formal theory of physical clusters. In the method, a molecular dynamics calculation is used to calculate the average potential energy of a cluster of molecules as a function of temperature, and the equilibrium constants are calculated from the integral of the energy with respect to reciprocal temperature. The method...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Swope,William C, CALIFORNIA UNIV SAN DIEGO LA JOLLA DEPT OF CHEMISTRY, *COMPUTERIZED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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A numerical method is described by which theoretical formulas governing the propagation of symmetric and antisymmetric waves in elastic plate theory may be evaluated. Vital to evaluating the formulas is the availability of a means for solving transcendental equations. A generalized iterative rootfinder that was developed for this purpose is described. This rootfinder provides the investigator having access to computing facilities with a reliable means for solving transcendental equations....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Ruggiero,C M, NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC, *ELASTIC PROPERTIES, *WAVE...
The application and development of a number of optical techniques designed to obtain experimental measurements of the internal stress fields present in the matrix phase of epoxy resin based composites is described. The stress fields arise from curing and during the swelling that accompanies water uptake. One experiment enables the radial and tangential components of the stress field present around an individual fibre to be measured using an oblique incidence photoelastic method. Another,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Candlin,J, BRISTOL UNIV (ENGLAND) H H WILLS PHYSICS LAB, *PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, *FIBER...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 15, 2020 Defense Technical Information Center
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The Aero Propulsion Laboratory is currently developing a computer-aided design program for high power airborne systems. An important part of this design program will be the feasibility study which was to be based on summary algorithms. These algorithms were to relate the weight and volume of each system component to the contributing operating parameters. This study first centers on the requirements for an interpolation scheme to form the summary algorithms. The scheme will need to work in at...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Clark,Gerald D, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 6, 2020 Defense Technical Information Center
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This paper reports on an interactive production control training model for a Naval Air Rework Facility (NARF) Shop. The system is an interactive shop simulator which allows production control decisions to be made by the user. The objective is to provide a training vehicle for production control decision making. The report includes a users' manual and program listing.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gilmour,John C, FLORIDA UNIV GAINESVILLE DEPT OF INDUSTRIAL AND SYSTEMS ENGINEERING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Dec 29, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Experimental measurement of shear force and bending moment of a segmented SES model operating in regular waves in the off-cushion mode. Detailed presentation of experimental results intended for correlation with computer simulation, in both digital and graphical form are included. Results are discussed and it is concluded that the hydrodynamic effects are dominated by structural response of the model. A more direct experimental method of validating the theory is recommended. (Author)
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fridsma,Gerard, STEVENS INST OF TECH HOBOKEN NJ DAVIDSON LAB, *SURFACE EFFECT SHIPS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Nov 23, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The report details the development of a computer simulation model of the attack helicopter to predict the visual detectivity of the aircraft by a ground observer due to sun reflections from its windows. In addition, the model was exercised to determine probabilities of detection versus angles of incident sunlight and also used to determine sunshade configuration for reducing reflections.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Daumit, Richard H, WESTINGHOUSE DEFENSE AND ELECTRONICS CENTER BALTIMORE MD SYSTEMS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Nov 21, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The basic objective of the work reported herein was to provide a braoder technology base to support the development of a medium STOL Transport (MST) airplane. This work was limited to the application of the externally blown flap (EBF) powered lift concept. The technology of EBF STOL aircraft has been investigated through analytical studies, wind tunnel testing, flight simulator testing, and design trade studies. The results obtained include development of methods for the estimation of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Roe, Marshall H, ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL LOS ANGELES CA LOS ANGELES AIRCRAFT DIV,...
California's community colleges are key to resolving the shortage of educated workers that is threatening the competitive position of the state's economy. Tremendous potential for addressing this challenge resides in the system's career technical education (CTE) mission which, with appropriate structures and support, could help many more students earn credentials with value in the workplace. In two previous installments of a four-part series of reports titled Career Opportunities: Career...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational Attainment, Community Colleges, College Role, Labor...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This report describes the effort to address the following research objective: To begin to define, prototype, and demonstrate an interchange standard among Human Behavior Modeling (HEM) -related models in the Department of Defense (DoD), Industry, Academia, and other Government simulations by establishing a Laboratory for the Study of Human Behavior Representation Interchange Standard. With experience, expertise, and technologies of the commercial computer game industry, the academic research...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lent, Michael van, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MARINA DEL REY CA INST FOR...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jun 8, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, Przekwas, Andrzej, CFD RESEARCH CORP HUNTSVILLE AL, *MODELS, *MORPHOGENESIS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
May 13, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This is the Final Technical Report on work performed under the support of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research on the subject of simulating microwave generation. This report contains the write-ups that we sent for the upcoming book on power vacuum electronics. The first section (Chapter 10) describes the simulation algorithm based on mode expansion technique developed at UCLA while the second section (Chapter 5) gives the real amplification mechanism for the Phigtron.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lin, Anthony T, CALIFORNIA UNIV LOS ANGELES DEPT OF PHYSICS, *COMPUTERIZED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) computational technique was used to simulate the interaction between a carbon monoxide jet and a high velocity free stream of oxygen atoms oriented at 90 degrees to the jet flow axis at 150 kilometers simulated altitude. The results of a study to characterize the sensitivity of predicted carbon monoxide vibrational excitation to the vibrational excitation cross section and the nozzle exit plane profile are presented in this paper. A literature value of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Campbell, David H, ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND CONSULTING INC(ERC INC) EDWARDS AFB CA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
May 8, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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In this thesis, high-energy electron generation by stimulated Raman scattering of intense laser light is investigated in computer simulations. These high-energy electrons can be used to produce a high-energy x-ray source for Nuclear Weapons Effects Testing. The simulation results are compared with actual experiments conducted at the Atomic Weapons Establishment in the United Kingdom. The simulations show that the heated electron temperature is significantly lowered and the frequency spectrum of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wallace, Marty, *ELECTRON ENERGY, *RAMAN SCATTERING, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION,...
The Air Force modeling and simulation community needs improved capabilities for measuring the effectiveness of command and control (C2) networks and processes in campaign-level analyses. A major modeling problem is capturing complex relationships between C2 network states and performance in a manner that is both traceable to empirical evidence and available in the timeframe required by an analytical simulation. Neural network technology offers a model abstraction technique with the potential to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Jablunovsky, Gregory, EMERGENT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES INC VIENNA VA, *NEURAL NETS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Apr 23, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Over the past three decades, scientist in the Former Soviet Union (FSU) and in the West have developed innovative experimental techniques, measurement diagnostics, and constitutive models of the Spall Process. Extensive literature has been built up over the years in Western publications. However, much of the FSU work was not available in English and was largely inaccessible to Western readers. Improved communication between Western and FSU scientists since the end of the Cold War now allows the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Antoun, Tarabay H., SRI INTERNATIONAL MENLO PARK CA, *FRACTURE(MECHANICS),...
The optical switching capabilities of Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR) structures, including Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs) are examined. Reflectivity switching is demonstrated using both thermal and carrier generated effects to alter the DBR/VCSEL layers' refractive indices. Optical bistability is demonstrated at room temperature, under CW photopumped excitation. The optical bistability hysteresis is controllable by spectral location of the pump on the stop band edge. In the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Bagnell, Richard J., AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH, *OPTICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The purpose of this plan is to outline tasks, define responsibilities, and identify the technical requirements and schedule for support to the U.S. Army Simulation, Training, and Instrumentation Command (STRICOM) for the Computer Generated Forces Assessment Working Group (CGFAWG). Computer Generated Forces (CGF) are a class of constructive computer simulations that replicate the outward behavior of combat units, entities, and their systems. The provide a degree of realism that is impossible to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ILLGEN SIMULATION TECHNOLOGIES INC GOLETA CA, *COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, *ARMY...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Mar 22, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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Polarization curves were developed in seawater at low (quiescent) flow and at 2.4 m/s flow for nine structural alloys. Potentiostatically generated curves for up to 120 days are compared with potentiodynamically generated curves at four scan rates with freely corroding pre-exposures of 1 or 120 days. Smoothed curves successfully used in computer model predictions of cathodic protection current and potential distributions are also presented. These curves are compared with previously published...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hack, Harvey P., NAVAL SURFACE WARFARE CENTER CARDEROCK DIV BETHESDA MD, *CATHODIC...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 21, 2018 Defense Technical Information Center
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This thesis addresses the problem of determining aircraft position during flight given noisy and biased measurements from a barometric altimeter and two tactical air navigation (TACAN) transceivers. A Kalman smoother is developed to perform post-flight data processing on the measurement data. The smoother estimates aircraft position, velocity, and acceleration as well as biases in the measurements. Since actual flight test data is not available, computer simulations examine the performance of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, McCormack, Christopher J, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF...
Southwest Pass of the Mississippi River, where it meets the Gulf of Mexico, was modeled using a three-dimensional numerical model as a part of an extensive testing program to determine the effects of deeping the Mississippi River navigation channel. The three-dimensional finite element model, RMA-10, was used to duplicate the complex salinity and velocity conditions experienced at the Mississippi River entrance.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Richards, David R, ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS HYDRAULICS...
Student Teachers' beliefs and their teaching behaviors are interactive and closely related. Student teachers' any adoption of teaching methods in micro-teaching or teaching practicum is largely hidden behind their beliefs. In this paper, starting with the origin and changes of methods in language teaching method era, the author explains certain terms such as method and postmethod, sorts out the theoretical base of this study which contains postmethod condition and postmethod pedagogy and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Teacher Attitudes, Beliefs, Teaching Methods, Microteaching, Practicums,...
This study aimed at understanding the essence of reading and language learning by bilinguals and trilinguals college students. The study is based on data from two separate yet related studies that were completed. The study used interviews as a qualitative means to glean the views of Arab bilinguals (n=10) and African trilinguals (n=3). The study is based on symbolic interactionism approach to incorporate a focus on intersubjective realities of bilinguals and trilinguals, openness to bilinguals...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Bilingual Students, Multilingualism, Interviews, Qualitative...
The study aimed to identify the degree of social media contribution to reinforcing digital citizenship meaning from the viewpoint of female students at Imam Mohammed bin Saud Islamic University in Riyadh. The study was an attempt to answer the following two questions in order to achieve the objectives of the study: To which extent does SnapChat site reinforce digital citizenship meaning as the female students of Imam Mohammed bin Saud Islamic University in Riyadh understand? What degree of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Media, Females, Foreign Countries, College Students, Student Attitudes,...
This research held at SMA HKBP 1 Tarutung North Sumatra on the research result of test XI[superscript 2] and XI[superscript 2] students, after they got treatment in teaching writing in recount text by using buzz group and clustering technique. The average score (X) was 67.7 and the total score buzz group the average score (X) was 77.2 and in clustering technique, the average score (X) was 74.5 it mean that there is an improvement of students score after they got treatment. From the score of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Writing Instruction, Teaching Methods, Intermode Differences, Writing Processes,...
The purpose of the study was to understand the perceptions of EFL college students toward collaborative learning (CL). This qualitative research design used narrative approach since the study emphasized on each participant's learning experiences with CL strategy. The data collection instruments for this research were consisted by interview questions. The researcher observed, took notes, and recorded Interview responses from each participant in order to understand their perceptions of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Cooperative Learning, Qualitative Research, English (Second...
Many children fail to master fraction arithmetic even after years of instruction. A recent theory of fraction arithmetic (Braithwaite, Pyke, & Siegler, in press) hypothesized that this poor learning of fraction arithmetic procedures reflects poor conceptual understanding of them. To test this hypothesis, we performed three experiments examining fourth to eighth graders' estimates of fraction sums. We found that roughly half of estimates of sums were smaller than the same child's estimate of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Fractions, Addition, Arithmetic, Mathematics, Skills, Mathematical Concepts,...
An educator, who compiled teachers' stories of accountability era reforms into a book, explains why teacher voice is central. The book, "Inside Our Schools: Teachers on the Failure and Future of Education Reform," is organized around the recurring buzzwords the mainstream education reform movement has used to define its policies: accountability, quality, choice, failure, and equity. The book also provides numerous examples of how we could do "reform" better.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Attitudes, Educational Change, Accountability, Empowerment, Personal...
We must point out that the results of football games affect the competitive balance degree. In other words, the calculations we made in the score table at the end of the season give us a degree of competitive balance. The degree on which the concept of competitiveness is based is cited as competitive balance in football. Sports economics can be defined as the degree to which overall league attendances are raised by such measures as media effect, home advantage, income sharing, all of which aim...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Competition, Trend Analysis, Team Sports, Game Theory,...
The purpose of this study is to develop a reliable and safe scale for determining the self-efficacy levels of science teachers in the teaching of astronomy subjects. The study used a survey approach, which is a qualitative research method. The study was conducted with a total of 106 science teachers working in the secondary schools of Ordu city centre and the surrounding towns during the academic year 2016-2017. While forming the item pool of the scale, scale development studies within the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Astronomy, Science Instruction, Self Efficacy, Teacher Effectiveness, Science...
An expectation is the belief that a certain action will lead to a given outcome. It is noteworthy to reveal individuals' expectations from their future occupations. The quality and success of education are undoubtedly related to meeting their occupational expectations in the future. In this regard, it is of critical importance to investigate the occupational expectations of undergraduate students in the conservatory piano majors. Therefore, this study aims to reveal the occupational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Music Education, Undergraduate Students, Majors (Students), Occupational Aspiration,...
While stepped up immigration enforcement and nativist rhetoric have made immigrant communities increasingly nervous nationwide, a union-led effort in Hammond, Indiana, seeks to convince a growing Hispanic population that--in schools, at least--families have nothing to fear.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Law Enforcement, Hispanic American Students, Undocumented Immigrants, Public Schools,...
An education scholar reflects on a 30-year career spent studying the role of policy, parental responsibility, and the partnership between teachers and reformers.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Educational Practices, Parent Responsibility, Partnerships in...
Relevance Theory from the perspective of cognitive psychology argues that human communication is an ostensive-inferential process, and emphasizes the function of the optimal relevance for communication. In this sense, reading comprehension could be considered as a kind of communication in which the writer manifests his/her communication intention and the reader infers from the discourse codes; thereinto, the optimal relevance between the textual information and the reader's cognition is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Comprehension, Teaching Methods, English (Second Language), Second Language...
This paper aims to explore the relationships between educational attainment as expressed in PISA scores and several socio-economic and political variables some of which are sub-indices of Human Development Index. The correlation analysis reveals that there are highly significant associations between educational attainment and civil liberties, political participation, GDP per capita, average years of schooling, expected years of schooling and happiness. However, of these, regression analysis...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Psychological Patterns, Academic Achievement, Individual Development, Educational...
This study investigates the effectiveness of Quiz-Demonstration-Practice-Revision (QDPR) in improving EFL learners' pronunciation of English. To achieve the goal, the present researcher conducted a one-group pretest-posttest design. The experimental group was selected using a random sampling technique with consideration of the inclusion criteria. Through the treatment process, the group was taught using QDPR in which the student participants were explained how to pronounce the target English...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), Teaching...
The present paper aims to investigate EFL instructors' perceptions of Blackboard learning management system (LMS) at Taif University in Saudi Arabia. To achieve this purposes, the researcher attempted to answer two questions. The first question investigates EFL instructors' perceptions of Blackboard LMS. The second question aims to identify instructors' suggestions to overcome difficulties encountered while using the system. A questionnaire of 4- Likert Scale was used to gather data from one...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction,...
Various studies have been carried out in order to find out the suitable age for foreign language acquisition. Every research study has had a different Critical Period (CP) and most of them have not been really close together in terms of years. Critical Period refers to the actual time frame during which foreign language acquisition should take place. The study at hand does not look at the actual age, but at theories about why there is an age. Age comes as a result of factors that urge one into...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language...
The paper investigates the role of English language teaching materials in the creation of a classroom atmosphere conducive to foreign language education. In this study, teachers and students were given a questionnaire and later interviewed to elicit their ideas about the materials. The data was analyzed and the responses of teachers and students were compared by using one-way ANOVA, post-hoc Scheffe test, and t-test statistics. The results indicated that, except for the regular state high...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Language Teachers, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction,...
Today's life requires individuals to be prepared for complex world environment, to make complex decisions, and to have critical thinking skills related to everyday life issues at hand. STEM education is thought to be the glorious solution to thrive in a global knowledge driven world. Teachers are key elements for successful STEM education. Present study aims to investigate the preservice primary school, mathematics and science teachers STEM awareness. Quantitative research methodology guided...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Preservice Teachers, Student Teacher Attitudes, Elementary School...
The study aims to gain a better understanding of the interrelation and the development of student teachers' proactive coping strategies, i.e., self-regulative and co-regulative strategies, perceived learning environment and study-related burnout. Longitudinal data were utilized with three annual measurements during bachelor studies. Altogether, 270 primary school student teachers completed the survey. The data was analyzed by using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results showed that the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Teachers, Student Teacher Attitudes, Coping, Self Management, Educational...
The research of Systemic Functional Linguistics has been quite in-depth in both theory and practice. However, many linguists hold that Systemic Functional Linguistics has no hypothesis testing or experiments and its research is only qualitative. Analyses of the corpus, intelligent computing and language evolution on the ideological background of Systemic Functional Linguistics show that this theory focuses its research on language-in-use and is significantly quantitative in nature. It carries...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Language Research, Linguistics, Statistical Analysis, Intelligent Tutoring Systems,...
In this article we will discuss, through the explanations given by teachers who teach Mathematics, the importance of using teaching strategies in the implementation of tasks. Teachers who participated in it belong to the group "Observatory Mathematics Education" (OME-Bahia). This study was framed in a qualitative approach and data were collected through observation and an interview. The interview was conducted taking into account the observation produced through videos where the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Teachers, Teaching Methods, Educational Strategies, Task Analysis,...
One of the aims at Albalqa Applied University is to prepare the student to contribute positively in society so the main important goal of the comprehensive reform of the education system in Jordan is to contribute to the democratic development of the country. The study has been investigated to find out if the English instructors adopt the democracy techniques in their classes. This paper presents a classroom management model to be used in teaching English by having English teachers use the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction,...
The present study examines the extent to which participation in a 14-week professional development course designed to improve teacher-child interactions in the classroom moderated the relation between teacher-reported job stress and gains in observed teacher-child interaction quality from the beginning to the end of the intervention. Participants were preschool teachers (N = 427; M age = 42) with an average of 11 years of experience teaching. Teachers reported how intensely they experienced...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Faculty Development, Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Program...
Over the course of a few cold days last February, immigrant families and their allies in Austin, Texas, were shaken by a series of raids as immigration officers descended upon the city. After all was said and done, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials arrested 51 undocumented immigrants, most of whom had no criminal record. In this article, the authors step back from the immediate aftermath of those ICE raids--in Austin and numerous other cities around the United States--to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Youth, Citizen Participation, Undocumented Immigrants, Immigration, Democracy,...
The purpose of the study was to develop an assessment scale for science activity videos that can be used to determine qualified science activity videos that can fulfill the objectives of activity based science education, help teachers to evaluate any science activity videos and decide whether to include into science learning process. The subjects for the study comprised a group of 47 science teacher candidates who were at their junior year in state university. In scope of a must course, each...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Activities, Video Technology, Instructional Material Evaluation, Science...
The Student Growth Objectives are assessments created locally or by commercial educational organizations. The students' scores from the Student Growth Objectives are included in teacher summative evaluation as one of the measures of teacher's effectiveness. The high amplitude of the requirements in teacher evaluation raised a concern of whether New Jersey public school teachers were competent in assessment theory to effectively utilize the state mandated tests. The purpose of this quantitative...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Competencies, Teacher Evaluation, Student Educational Objectives, Measures...
This study investigated the extent to which pre-service teachers can utilize WhatsApp Messenger to create an effective learning platform without instructor interference. Twenty-six male pre-service teachers created a WhatsApp group and interacted through it independently for nine weeks. Each pre-service teacher was required to share a minimum of two posts on a weekly basis, for eighteen posts in total. The pre-service teachers were given clear rules for participation that included a wide range...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Computer Oriented Programs, Computer Mediated Communication,...
Student ratings of instruction can be a valuable indicator of teaching because the quality measurement of instruction identifies areas where improvement is needed. Student ratings of instruction are expected to evaluate and enhance the teaching strategies. Evaluation of teaching effectiveness has been officially implemented in Taiwanese higher education since 2005. Therefore, this research investigated Taiwanese EFL university instructors' perceptions toward student ratings of instruction and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction,...
This study aims to demonstrate the correlations between academicians' organisational commitment and their intention to resign from their job. For this purpose, first the concepts of organisational commitment and quitting the job were considered within the framework of relevant literature, and then hypotheses for the correlations were developed. 276 lecturers in total 198 of whom were teaching in faculties or departments of sport sciences and 78 of whom were teaching in foundation universities...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Correlation, Intention, Teacher Persistence, Labor Turnover,...
This study attempted at classifying common errors found in the written performance of lower- and upper-intermediate Iranian EFL learners. It engaged a rich corpus of EFL writing samples collected over a course of 20 years (between 1992 and 2011) from lower- and upper-intermediate EFL learners studying at various Iranian universities to provide a precise taxonomy of errors in basic-level EFL writing (i.e., single paragraphs and five paragraph essays). A total of 3157 sophomore EFL learners were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, College...
This study was designed to investigate whether contemporary corpus-informed grammar textbooks written for English language learners and teachers presented the progressive use of stative verbs and if yes, which stative verbs were presented to occur with the progressive aspect and for which functions they took this aspect. A corpus of six electronic copies of corpus-informed textbooks was compiled and analyzed via AntConc. 3.2.4 text analysis program to identify types and functions of stative...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Verbs, Computational Linguistics, Textbooks, Grammar, Teaching Methods, English...
Achievement motivation as one of the most important parts in learning motivation indicates a concern with success in competition with some standard of excellence. Learners who are highly motivated to learn a language are likely to use a variety of strategies. Besides achievement motivation, goal setting, a very important cognitive mediator between motivational antecedents and motivational behaviour, becomes another variable influencing learners' strategy use. Therefore, the current study will...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Correlation, Achievement Need, Goal Orientation, Learning Strategies, Second Language...
In "The Testing Charade: Pretending to Make Schools Better", the author's new book from which this article is drawn, the failures of test-based accountability are documented and some of the most egregious misuses and outright abuses of testing are described, along with some of the most serious negative effects. Neither good intentions intentions nor the value of well-used tests justifies continuing to ignore the absurdities and failures of the current system and the real harms it is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accountability, Testing, Testing Problems, Test Validity, School Support, Evaluation...
This article presents the results of a study about the attitudes by the learners from a bachelor in basic education with emphasis on arts, in Colombia, regarding the quality of academic management of this program. The importance of this study appears considers that its results will be useful to contrast the agreement or disagreement between the components of the management of quality, declared by bachelor programs, and recognized by the National Ministry of Education, and valued as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Bachelors Degrees, Educational Quality, Likert...
The purpose of this study is to identify the metaphors that primary, secondary and high school students and classroom teacher candidates and the classroom teachers have regarding their primary school classroom teachers. The phenomenology pattern as one of the qualitative research methods was used in the research. The study group was determined by the purposeful criterion sampling method. The basic criterion in the research is that the participants are in the final grade of elementary,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Figurative Language, Phenomenology, Qualitative Research, Student Attitudes, Student...
The Northwest Rural Innovation and Student Engagement (NW RISE) Network connects rural educators in the Pacific Northwest to help them succeed in the profession and overcome the challenges caused by teacher isolation. In this article, the author takes stock of what was learned in the four years since the network was established. She also shares key takeaways to help other groups interested in creating education networks with similar goals.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Rural Education, Professional Isolation, Social Networks, Teacher Associations,...
The Aspen Institute's National Commission on Social, Emotional, and Academic Development united a broad alliance of leaders to speak with a unified voice about the urgency of integrating social and emotional development into the fabric of K-12 education. The commission convened a group of scientists, researchers, and academics across disparate fields to develop consensus statements on what research says about integrating social, emotional, and academic development. Schools and other...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Emotional Development, Social Development, Cognitive...
Extended flute techniques, which are frequently found in contemporary flute literature, carry the flute to a different dimension, pushing the boundaries of composers and performers. Although the number of pieces containing these techniques in the world has increased rapidly, along with Turkish flute repertoire, written Turkish sources about extended flute techniques are limited to theses and articles. In this research, the use of extended flute techniques in flute education programmes in Turkey...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Questionnaires, Music Education, Music Techniques, Musical...
We explore the way dominant political discourses are perceived to influence developing professionalisation of early childhood in three contexts. The UK is strongly influenced by the neoliberal agenda which positions managerialism, bureaucracy, accountability and control as necessary to drive quality improvement. Bhutan has been exposed to western ideologies for a short time (as time counts in human history) and is attempting to manage tensions between western ideologies and the philosophy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Neoliberalism, Comparative Education,...
This study aims to take an initial step toward investigating the readiness of faculty members for adopting online learning at Aljouf University, a Saudi newly established university. Participants (n = 156) were asked to complete a Web-based questionnaire that starts with eight demographic questions and has four other parts: attitude toward online learning, computer self-efficacy, attitude toward technology, and computer anxiety. The results demonstrate that faculty members show positive...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Readiness, College Faculty, Online Courses, Educational...
Anxiety (e.g., Dallos, 1976, 2006; Krashen, 2003, 2016) sometimes might be unavoidable in the learning process, because the cognitive and intellectual systems are usually connected with emotional factors. This empirical study was conducted in an English majors' advanced-level writing course to explore relevant explanations about why Taiwanese university students experienced "anxiety" (Tomlinson, 1981, 2016). Seventeen participants of junior grade at a southern Taiwan university had...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Majors (Students), English (Second Language), Second Language...
Situated within Activity Theory, this study investigates and compares ELLs' perspectives on their own learning and their teachers' perspectives on their own learning experiences. The predilection carried by this study is that there is a significant value in attending to and understanding how ELL students make meaning of their learning circumstances and compare that to teachers' perspectives on their students' learning. This study also assumes that allowing student voice and perspective to be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Middle School Students, High School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Secondary...
Many populations served by special education, including those identified with autism, emotional impairments, or students identified as not ready to learn, experience social competence deficits. The Social Competence Intervention-Adolescents' (SCI-A) methods, content, and materials were designed to be maximally pertinent and applicable to the social competence needs of early adolescents (i.e., age 11-14 years) identified as having scholastic potential but experiencing significant social...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Interpersonal Competence, Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials, Program...
The study aimed to recognize the attitudes of the Holy Land Institute for the Deaf-Salt, Jordan towards Deaf Socially and Educationally in the academic year 2016-2017, which consists of instructional and vocational staff towards deaf socially and educationally according to some variables (gender, age, the level of education). The sample of the study included staff members of the institution. The researchers used the Third Likert-Type and the descriptive approach. The sample of the study...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Deafness, Special Schools, Vocational Education, Attitude...
The aim of this study is to examine meaning in life, satisfaction with life, self-concept and locus of control among teachers by several variables. The research group was composed of 363 teachers (114 [40%] women, 219 [60%] men) working in several districts of Istanbul. The data were collected with Meaning in Life Scale (MLS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Social Comparison Scale (SCS), and Rotter's Locus of Control Scale (RLCS). Pearson's Correlation Analysis, Independent Samples T-Test...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Life Satisfaction, Locus of Control, Gender Differences, Teacher Attitudes, Self...
Professional educators--in the classroom, library, counseling center, or anywhere in between--share one overarching goal: ensuring all students receive the rich, well-rounded education they need to be productive, engaged citizens. In this regular feature, the work of professional educators is explored--their accomplishments and their challenges--so that the lessons they have learned can benefit students across the country. After all, listening to the professionals who do this work every day is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Immigrants, English Language Learners, Class Activities, Self Expression, Self...
The four-day school week is a concept that has been utilized in rural schools for decades to respond to budgetary shortfalls. There has been little peer-reviewed research on the four-day school week that has focused on the perception of staff that work in school districts that have recently switched to the four-day model. This study collects data from 136 faculty and staff members in three rural Missouri school districts that have transitioned to the four-day school week within the last year....
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Schedules, Teacher Attitudes, Rural Schools, Employee Attitudes,...
This study describes secondary school mathematics teachers' use of history of mathematics in their classes and their knowledge levels in this field. The study population included a total of 58 secondary school mathematics teachers working at the secondary schools located in Yozgat city center, and the sample included 32 mathematics teachers from 10 secondary schools who volunteered to take place in the study. The data collection tools used in the study were an 11-item short-answer history of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Secondary School Mathematics, Secondary School Teachers, Knowledge Level, Teacher...
This study investigates the responses that education stakeholders give to regular teacher and teacher candidate professional needs because of the increasing number of English learners. Two major research questions related to the increase of English learners in US schools and to the responses that stakeholders have provided guided the inquiry. Using a case study approach, the results show that not only have the numbers of English learners risen, but also that some school districts have witnessed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Content Area Reading, Content Area Writing, Population Trends, Demography, English...
This paper focuses on the importance of children's out-of-school experiences as their popular culture and discusses how such experiences contribute to their creativity and critical thinking. In addition to this, the paper also discusses the critical role of researchers' values in terms of how values affect the design and process of research. From this standpoint, it analyses two research articles, namely as: "Popular culture, participation and progression in the literacy classroom",...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Popular Culture, Children, Literacy Education, Experience, Creativity, Critical...
The aim of this research is to examine the relationship between the values of primary and music teacher candidates and their cheating attitudes in terms of different variables. The study group of the research is composed of 249 students who are studying at the Departments of Primary School Teaching and Music Education at Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Education. In the research, Portrait Values Questionnaire and personal information form were used. In the analysis of data, t test, ANOVA,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Teachers, Music Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Student Attitudes,...
The purpose of this study was to investigate female pre-service preschool teachers' attitudes towards sport in relation to the variables of grade level, the state of having done sport in the past, the reason for not doing sport in the past, the state of doing sport regularly, the level of interest in sport and the existence of a family member doing sport. Participants included 383 pre-service preschool teachers attending Ahmet Kelesoglu Education Faculty of Necmettin Erbakan University in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Females, Foreign Countries, Universities, Nonparametric Statistics, Emotional...
The study aims to determine education faculty students' cognitive structures regarding professional concepts, and to reveal the views of the students and faculty members about conceptual teaching. The participants of the study, which was designed as a case study, were determined using the criterion sampling method. In the study, which was carried out with a total of 69 education faculty second grade students and with one faculty member responsible for the course of Introduction to Educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Structures, Concept Teaching, Teacher Attitudes, Case Studies, Semi...
This study was planned to observe the technological pedagogical and content knowledge of teacher candidates. The study group consists of 4th grade students of Firat University Faculty of Education who were asked to describe any desired topic in the secondary school science curriculum, using the methods and techniques of their choosing. Teacher candidates talked about topics they had chosen in front of their peers with micro teaching technique. During this process, teacher candidates were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Technological Literacy, Science Teachers, Foreign...
Data analysis techniques can be used to analyze the pattern of data in different fields. Based on the analysis' results, it is recommended that suggestions be provided to decision making authorities. The data mining techniques can be used in educational domain to improve the outcome of the educational sectors. The authors carried out this research study by devising a mathematical model and tool to determine effective course conduction strategy, for teaching the students regression analysis and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Data Analysis, Educational Research, Goodness of Fit, Decision Making, Mathematical...
The current education system aimed to train active deliberative individuals who learn to learn with the adoption of the constructivist educational approach. Based on this objective, there have been significant changes in the roles of teachers. To assist the development of teachers, the Ministry of Education organizes several in-service training activities every year. The present study aimed to assess an in-service training activity organized by the Ministry for mathematics teachers based on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Secondary School Teachers, Junior High Schools, Inservice Teacher Education,...
Even though previous research points to the significance of early childhood teachers' practices that take into consideration the nature of children and how they learn, there is limited research regarding how instructional strategies impact children's development in diverse ways. To close this gap in literature, a qualitative multi-case study into the perceptions and classroom practices of four kindergarten teachers in two Ghanaian schools, Tata and Kariba, was carried out over a six-month...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Strategies, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Teachers, Teacher...
In this study, 200 volunteer students who were in Faculty of Education printed free essay compositions and the compositions were evaluated by descriptive statistics and content analysis. Content analysis is to interpret similar data within specific contexts and themes. The students were free to choose their own writing topic. The reason for this is the possibility that the person writing in freelance writing is feeling freer and thus able to collect more data. Thus, written expression errors...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education, Writing Skills, Writing...
The study aims to determine the views of final-year pre-service mathematics teachers towards their experience of the use of dynamic geometry software in teaching, following the implementation processes that they carried out when using this software in a real classroom environment. The study was designed as a case study, which is one of the qualitative research methods. The study was conducted with four pre-service teachers studying in the mathematics teaching department at the education faculty...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Teaching Experience, Geometry,...
This study provides a census of full-time virtual schools and blended schools from 35 states. Specifically, it utilizes data visualization and exploratory data analysis to examine student demographics and school performance measures of virtual schools and blended schools operating in the 2014-15 school year. The school achievement measures for both virtual and blended schools indicate these schools are performing poorly. Nevertheless, the evidence suggests that their enrollment growth...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Schools, Electronic Learning, Blended Learning, Elementary Secondary...
Though proficiency with computation is highly emphasized in national mathematics standards, students with mathematics difficulty (MD) continue to struggle with computation. To learn more about the differences in computation error patterns between typically achieving students and students with MD, we assessed 478 3rd-grade students on a measure of mathematics computation. Results indicated that using the wrong operation was the most common identifiable error for all students. Students with MD...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computation, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Problems, Mathematics Skills, Error...
Federal school accountability policies like No Child Left Behind were based on a logic that measuring school performance and making the results public through tools like school report cards would incentivize educators to create strategies for improving school quality. Yet, most schools needed more than incentives to be able to design improvement strategies that would lead to all students becoming proficient in standard subjects like math and ELA. As a result, states and school districts...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Urban Schools, Accountability, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality,...
This study aims to investigate the reduction of university students' depression level as well as improvement of their psychological adjustment level through a counseling programme, using Beck's Theories of depression. The sample of this study was randomly selected, and categorized into two groups: experimental and control groups. The former consists of 15 students, who were counseled in a session per week, while the latter consists of 15 students, who were not counseled. The counseling was done...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Depression (Psychology), Adjustment (to Environment), College Students, Counseling...
This work aims to study and promote a motivational model, Collegiate-level General Education that enhances students' motivation to have self-fulfillment and inherent desire to acquire diverse knowledge. In this way, students would not see Collegiate-level General Education as an obstacle to their undergraduate education, but as a great and priceless opportunity for them to be generalist lifelong learners. The research method used is deductive qualitative analysis. A variety of written texts...
Topics: ERIC Archive, General Education, College Curriculum, Student Motivation, Undergraduate Students,...
This paper builds on Whitchurch's notion of the "blended professional" which aims to examine how mixed professional activity affects professional administrators and managers' identity disposition in universities in Hong Kong. In response to complex missions and demands of contemporary higher education globally, diverse projected-oriented professional managers have emerged in universities and are dedicated to a wide range of short- and long-term funded projects. Certainly, Hong Kong is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, College Administration, Administrator Attitudes, Administrators,...
This study investigates opinions of Grade 12 students about the use of Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) animations in mathematics lessons. It explores the ways of making mathematics easier and more understandable for students by demonstrating whether or not GIF animations that emerged from the integration of technology into mathematics education appeal to students both visually and educationally, and how mathematics education can be made more visual and educational through GIF animations....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 12, Mathematics Education, Animation, Educational Technology, Technology Uses...
This study determined the viewpoints of teachers from different branches on using the interactive boards placed in classrooms in high schools, which are expected to replace the classical boards in the context of FATIH Project by the Ministry of National Education. Single Review Model was used in the present study where 21 teachers participated from different branches of high schools and the installation of interactive boards was completed in Fall Season of 2013 to 2014 Academic Year. The data...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Attitudes, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, High...
Anxiety is a natural thing and can happen to everyone; it is a reaction to the inability to overcome problems or lack of security. However, excessive anxiety can impede one's function in life. Anxiety experienced by students can also hinder them in performing better. Setting goals that are difficult to achieve can cause students to experience anxiety or fear of not being able to achieve them. This study aims to examine the relationship model between several dispositional factors that can affect...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Business Administration Education,...
This study was conducted to determine the aims and learning attainments of secondary school and high school students participating in science festivals. A case study approach which is one of the qualitative research methods was used in the research. This study was carried out in the science festival held in Elazig, Turkey. The sampling consists of 39 students; 19 secondary school students and 20 high school students were selected on a voluntary basis from the secondary and high school students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Secondary School Students, Case Studies, Science Fairs, Semi Structured Interviews,...
Little research explores the relative influence of various stakeholders on school discipline policy. Using data from the SASS and ordered logistic regression, this study explores such influence while assessing variation across schools types and changes over time. Principals consistently rate themselves and teachers as the most influential stakeholders over setting school discipline policy. The proportion of racial minorities in a school predicts greater influence from higher levels of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Policy, Discipline Policy, Governance, Charter Schools, Equal Education,...
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the multimodal literacy of pre-service teachers and their perception of self-efficacy in critical reading. At the same time, it is to what extent their multimodal literacy levels predict their perception of self-efficacy in critical reading. 337 students were chosen via convenience sampling for this study which was designed on the basis of relational survey model. The data which is needed to answer the relevant questions in our...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Correlation, Multiple Literacies, Preservice Teachers, Student Attitudes, Self...
Introduction: In this exploratory study, we proposed an experimental framework to investigate and model male/female differences in attitudes towards online privacy and anonymity among Israeli students. Our aim was to comparatively model men and women's online privacy attitudes, and to assess the online privacy gender gap. Method: Various factors related to the user's online privacy and anonymity were considered, such as awareness of anonymous threats made online, concern for protecting personal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, College Students, Gender Differences, Student Attitudes, Privacy,...
This study was designed to investigate the associations among motives and physical activity behaviors and health in urban college students in China. Eight hundred and eighty-seven college students (521 females; M[subscript age] = 20.51, SD = ± 1.67) were recruited from four universities in South and South-central China. Participants' motives (i.e., interest/enjoyment, competence, appearance, fitness, social) toward to physical activity behaviors were measured by the established Motives for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, College Students, Student Motivation, Physical Activity Level,...
Previous research into the knowledge required for teaching has focused primarily on pre-service and in-service teachers' knowledge. What is less researched, however, is the role of the teacher educator in helping pre-service teachers (PSTs) develop the knowledge needed in order to teach mathematics to students. The focus thus shifts from examining school teachers' knowledge for teaching mathematics to school students, to studying teacher educators' knowledge for teaching teachers. This raises...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Instruction, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Teacher...
Botswana through its two educational reform philosophies of 1977 and 1994 envisioned a developing education system that is on par with international standards. According to Tabulawa (2009), the education system was developed to produce critical thinkers, problem solvers, and innovative learners. The system was designed to provide opportunities for all students by providing access to all, improve the standards of education, emancipate Batswana from illiteracy, and develop their capabilities to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Educational Philosophy, Dropouts, Academic Failure, Educational...
Blended learning, which combines online and face-to-face pedagogy, is a fast-growing mode of instruction as universities strive for equitable and alternative pathways to course enrollment, retention, and educational attainment. However, challenges to successfully implementing blended instruction are that "social presence," or students' ability to project their personal characteristics into the learning space, is reduced with potential negative effects on student engagement,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Blended Learning, Higher Education, Robotics, Computer Mediated Communication,...
The purpose of this study is to show the views of pre-service teachers about peer-assisted learning method which is a common practice. The peer student group of the research sample (N:40) consisted of 2nd grade pre-service primary teachers attending the Uludag University Faculty of Education during the 2010-2011 academic year and taking the Science and Technology Laboratory Practices course. The peer teacher group (N:10), on the other hand, consisted of 3rd grade pre-service science teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teachers, Student Attitudes, Peer Teaching, Foreign Countries, Science...