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Throughout a student's time in school, a variety of transitions will occur. From home to school, grade to grade, school to school, school to post-secondary training or employment, students experience changes in expectations, responsibilities and routines. This resource provides sample ideas and templates for creating a Learner Profile that students, teachers and parents can use as part of the transition planning process. The Learner Profile is designed to help students, parents and teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Profiles, Thompson, Carolyn
This paper principally examines personality from a philosophical standpoint. First, problems related to the definition of this subject-matter are considered. Descriptive definitions and stipulative definitions are discussed. Second, a description of personality based on the Theory of Fuzzy Systems (TFS) and computers is suggested. The basic idea of this theory is that, in addition to the conventional sets and relations, vague sets and relations may also be used. It is noted that when fuzzy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Concept Formation, Foreign Countries, Personality
This bibliography on the Yugoslavian educational system is divided into the following topics: history and development of education, education research, school reform, teacher training and teaching staff, schools and institutions, curricula and syllabi, audiovisual aids, polytechnical education, physical education, problems in education, hostels, management and finance, legislation, and education statistics. Related documents include ED 026 893, ED 034 459, ED 131 109, and ED 037 730. (LLR)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bibliographies, Education, Foreign Countries
Many new Council of Independent Colleges (CIC) programs and services are highlighted in this special anniversary Annual Report, amount them American Graduate Fellowships and "Ancient Greece in the Modern College Classroom." Other CIC initiatives continue to help campus leaders enhance their decision-making capacity, leadership expertise, educational programs, administrative and financial performance, and institutional visibility, and are described here. Information concerning award...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Awards, Private Colleges
This report and the companion backgrounder "Supporting Persons with Disabilities in Post-Secondary Education" represent the work of the Foundational Learning and Diversity sub-committee. Within the larger context and framework of A Learning Alberta, the sub-committee focused on identifying priorities for community learning opportunities to better meet the diverse learning needs of adults who are under-represented in existing formal learning opportunities. They looked specifically at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Disabilities, Literacy, Informal Education, Adult Learning
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
by ERIC
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Australia is a hotbed of Ed Tech activity. The Australian Council for Computers in Education is one of many active ISTE Affi liates in Australia, and through the New South Wales Computer Education Group it has brought ISTE two active educational leaders: Paul Meldrum and Gary Brown. Like many of our members, both of these men were so effective at using technology to teach that they were soon promoted out of the classroom. They miss working with students on a day-to-day basis, but Gary says they...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Meldrum, Paul|Brown, Gary
China issued two educational principles in 1960s and 1990s respectively. Both are composed of three fundamental elements--general aim of education, concrete purposes of education and ways of realizing them. Both emphasize the combination of education and work as well as the all-round development of the educatee. The difference between the two is that the former stipulates that education should serve the proletarian politics and education of laboring people while the latter provides that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Principles, Yang, Tianping
In order to develop strategies for training future journalists, the New Zealand Council for Educational Research sponsored a survey of all journalists in all branches of the profession in New Zealand in 1987. The response rate was over 46%; 1,249 New Zealand journalists returned the survey. Major findings revealed that: (1) the proportion of female journalists is steadily increasing; (2) journalism continues to be a "young" profession; (3) less than 5% of the respondents were members...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Journalism, Journalism Education, Occupational Surveys
One of the sources for the observed differences between the occupational choices and preferences of women and men may be the way in which they perceive the considerations or aspects which are taken into account in the process of career decision making. That is, the different meanings men and women attribute to the various aspects may give rise to differences in their career preferences. An examination was made of the possible differences in the meanings attributed to career-related aspects by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Decision Making, Foreign Countries, Sex Differences
This paper is intended to support school authorities by summarizing research on professional development. The term professional development is used in a context that encompasses related terms such as staff development, training and in-service. The paper covers conceptions and understandings of professional development, processes and approaches related to professional development, effective environments for professional development, evaluation of professional development, and indicators of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Improvement, Professional Development, Foreign Countries
The premise of this book is that economic growth has made life considerably worse for people in Britain since 1955 and that, even if growth were beneficial at one stage in human history, it is now damaging. The book presents evidence of social and environmental damage caused by growth and several reasons for a persistence of growth in the face of this damage. It is proposed that the real reason growth has not been stopped is that economic systems would collapse if it did. The book looks at the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Environment, Foreign Countries, Policy, Pollution, Sustainable Development
This conference was designed to facilitate an exchange of information and experiences on the major issues in research with human subjects. In each session, a speaker from the United States and one from the United Kingdom reviewed procedures, progress, and problems related to a particular topic, leading to a thorough discussion of the advantages or disadvantages of the systems being compared. Each presentation thus provided a significant review of the topic under discussion. The following topics...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Medical Research, Research Design
Research messages 2004 is a collection of summaries on all research projects published or completed by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research in 2004. It is the first year such a product has been produced by NCVER. The summaries are clustered under five broad themes used by NCVER to organize all of its VET research and analysis: (1) Industry and employers; (2) Students and individuals; (3) Teaching and learning; (4) VET system; and (5) VET in context. Fifty-six pieces of work are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Case Studies
This comparative higher education bibliography from the graduate program in Higher Education at University of Texas at Austin provides references with publication dates through 1990 under the following categories: "General and Canada" (85); "Africa (Sub-Sahara)" (23); "Asia" (122); "Australia and New Zealand" (25); "Western Europe" (168); "Great Britain" (56); "Latin America" (81); "Middle East" (23); "USSR and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
by ERIC
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Described in this issue of "Children in the Tropics" are handicraft, semi-industrial, and industrial projects which produce weaning foods in developing countries. The introductory section briefly discusses the global epidemiology of malnutrition and offers guidelines for combatting malnutrition. Chapter I provides a framework for reflection on the establishment of a workshop for the production of a weaning food, and discusses the decision to produce such food at a semi-handicraft...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Children, Developing Nations, Foreign Countries, Nutrition
A study applied artificial neural networks, trained with the back-propagation learning algorithm, to modelling phonemes extracted from the DARPA TIMIT multi-speaker, continuous speech data base. A number of proposed network architectures were applied to the phoneme classification task, ranging from the simple feedforward multilayer network to more complex modular architectures which attempt to assign classifier modules to different regions of the input space. Results showed that, in general,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Classification, Communication Research, Foreign Countries, Phonemes, Speech
Established in 1999, the UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) is one of six UNESCO Institutes and Centers under the direction of the UNESCO Secretariat. The only UNESCO Institute in Africa, it is mandated to strengthen the capacities of the teacher education institutions of its 53 member states, and promote international cooperation for the development of education through the New Partnership for Africa's Development and the African Union. This report discusses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Schools, Educational Quality, International Cooperation
Many university programs are offered offshore to students whose first language and culture is not the same as the program's creator and where teachers' language and culture may not be the same as the students or the creators. This study investigated potential conflicts in a Hong Kong setting in a mathematics foundation classroom using an ethnographic approach and analysed the data using Valsiner's Zone theory. It is important to investigate the issues that arise from implementing such a program...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Student Relationship, Galligan, Linda
The introduction of new scholarships and awards in Canadian college athletics led to a panel discussion at the 1971 Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation on the issue of opposing or supporting such scholarships. The first participant supported them and felt it was wrong to assume Canadian sports would automatically imitate American mistakes of ignoring the athlete's academic life and allowing too much recruitment activity. The second participant felt athletes do...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletes, Athletics, Awards, Foreign Countries, Recruitment, Scholarships
In 1932, F. C. Bartlett first used the concept of "schema" borrowing it from Head, to suggest a unitary structure whose elements interacted in a complex way. This structure, which aimed to insure the continuity of the cognizing organism, was at the same time the expression of the functional principle responsible for the mutual interdependence among an organism, a human being, and the environment. Current research on cognitive processes frequently refers to the concept of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Ecology, Foreign Countries, Schemata (Cognition)
The ability of 2-year-olds to carry out a forward search strategy was examined in a study of performance on platform rotation problems. One group of children was tested successively on two analogous versions of a task. The two versions shared the same underlying principle but had different surface characteristics. A control group was given an unrelated problem, and was then tested on the platform rotation tasks. Findings showed that 2-year-olds were able to use a sophisticated forward search...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Ability, Foreign Countries, Infant Behavior, Problem Solving
The graduate of the Hairstylist apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to perform the following tasks: (1) haircutting; (2) chemical texturing, chemical relaxing; (3) hair colouring; (4) eyebrow and eyelash treatment; (5) facial services for hairstyling purposes (moustaches and beards); (6) wigs and hair additions; (7) hair and scalp shampooing, treatments and massage; (8) wet to dry styling; and (9) perform assigned tasks in accordance with quality and production...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Apprenticeships, Course Descriptions, Cosmetology, Service...
This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, a bi-annual publication in English and French, looks at the practical and operational aspects of dealing with HIV/AIDS in the African context: school-based anti-AIDS clubs and life skills approaches to HIV/AIDS education in Africa, and the ways in which they promote healthy lifestyles that enable young people to acquire knowledge and develop attitudes and proficiency which support the adoption of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Newspapers, Clubs
Fifteen author-contributed papers are presented from the 1983 First European Conference on Research in Rehabilitation. The following titles and authors are represented: "Disability in a Large Public Sector Work Force" (D. Walker); "The Accidents and Absence of Disabled People at Work" (M. Kettle); "Employment Rehabilitation of Production Workers in Heavy Industry" (S.P. Whalley and H.J. Watson); "Systematic Work Design for Disabled People); (M. Hartenbach et...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Disabilities, Employment, Foreign Countries, Rehabilitation, Vocational Rehabilitation
The Aristotelian approach to definition, labeled essentialism, is examined, and its relationship to sociolinguistics is discussed. Aristotle taught that a definition points to the essence of something, perhaps by naming it, and then describes it. Popper criticized this approach to definition as overly verbose in that it invites an infinite regression of definitions, and is not helpful in understanding the universe. It is proposed here that, as in other disciplines, many sociolinguists follow...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Definitions, Foreign Countries, Linguistic Theory, Sociolinguistics
A primary difference between spontaneous speech and read speech concerns the use of false starts, where a speaker interrupts the flow of speech to restart his or her utterance. A study examined the acoustic aspects of such restarts in a widely-used speech database, examining approximately 1000 utterances, about 10% of which contained a restart. Identifying the type of restart in such cases could improve the performance of an automatic speech recognizer, by eliminating from consideration some...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communication Research, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Speech Communication
The multivariate technique OVERALS is introduced as a non-linear generalization of canonical correlation analysis (CCA). First, two sets CCA is introduced. Two sets CCA is a technique that computes linear combinations of sets of variables that correlate in an optimal way. Two sets CCA is then expanded to generalized (or k sets) CCA. The formulation for the OVERALS technique fits well in the general tradition of "k" sets methods. The formulation is based on a minimization of the loss...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Correlation, Foreign Countries, Generalization, Multivariate Analysis, Statistical...
This paper provides an overview of themes from the history of the AARE and relates them to current debates around educational research, its methodologies, methods and means of dissemination.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Professional Associations, Gill, Judith
As today's society places more and more emphasis on preventive mental health, the use of counselors and psychologists as consultants on the radio is a viable alternative form of public education. The radio can be used to educate and inform the public about psychological issues. In 1982, a local radio station in Edmonton, Alberta aired the first program of "That's Living," a talk show that was hosted by psychiatrists and psychologists. This radio program provided a context where...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Counseling, Educational Radio, Foreign Countries, Mental Health, Wellness
Computer-assisted career guidance systems (CACGS) are one of the tools used by career counselors to facilitate the career decision making process of deliberating counselees. These systems are characterized by some inherent contradictions and face problems which must be solved or circumvented in order to increase their usefulness. Considering the apparent advantages CACGs one may ask why they are not used even more widely. A possible answer to this question is that many systems face difficulties...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Counseling, Career Guidance, Counseling Effectiveness, Foreign Countries
A comprehensive analysis of English "as" clauses in terms of distribution and interpretation is offered. It is hypothesized that "as" clauses provide a supplementary explanation to the head noun (adnominal "as" clauses) and provide the propositional content of the main clauses (sentential "as" clauses.) "As" clauses, whether they seem to function as adnominal or sentential, should be regarded as adverbial clauses. (Contains 19 references.) (JP)
Topics: ERIC Archive, English, Foreign Countries, Function Words, Nouns, Phrase Structure
Inverse translation has long been seen in the negative light in modern translation studies, and has thus been relegated to a sort of second class endeavour. Based on a brief comparative study of English translations of Wenxin Diaolong, a Chinese literary classic, this paper argues that inverse translation is as legitimate and feasible as direct translation in China, and that the assessment of quality of translation should be based more on the translator's translation competence and translation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Translation, Chinese, English, Shi, Jiasheng
All over the world, distance mode of education is gaining a momentum and becoming more popular than conventional education. It is a system in which schools, universities and other educational agencies offer instruction wholly or partly by mail. Eritrea is a newly independent country in Africa is been facing many challenges particularly in its education sector. It did not have more educational institutions at tertiary level. Thus the distance learning is the best option for this country. An...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Schools, Distance Education, Rena, Ravinder
This paper identifies the directions in which new developments in educational planning are moving and draws some conclusions on how the training of specialists in the field of educational planning is likely to be affected by changing notions and practices. The first part of the paper outlines the assumptions that have characterized the field in recent years. These assumptions are concerned with planning as social research; the distribution of education; the quantity, quality, and content of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Needs, Educational Planning, Foreign Countries
This study sought to determine whether changes in personality functioning occurred in teenagers participating in a one-month homestay in Japan. Subjects included exchange participants (N=154) and non-participant control group members (N=112) who were nominated by the exchange group. The California Psychological Inventory was administered to both groups prior to the exchange, once again at its conclusion, and a third time 4 months later. Results showed that the exchange group increased in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Exchange Programs, Foreign Countries, Personality Change, Travel
This report describes the DELTA (Development of European Learning through Technological Advance) Pre-Pilot project, which was designed to develop a European Learning System Reference Model that would bring structure into discussions of European Learning Technology, and would function as an intermediary and consensus-identifying tool. The first section of the report provides the background on project organization and assumptions. The second section summarizes some of the activities and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Communications, Educational Technology, Foreign Countries, International Programs,...
The Dakar 2000 goal of Education For All (EFA) is at the center of UNESCO's education activities worldwide. The wide-ranging efforts to achieve EFA in many countries involve education reform, development strategies and plans. Decentralization, a major component in modernizing the public sector, is also applicable to the education sector. The handbook offers an introduction and step-by-step guidelines on planning tools that aim to assist education administrators in planning and decision making...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Public Sector, Higher Education
This paper describes the experience of a counseling psychologist who completed a Senior Fulbright Teaching Lectureship at Moscow State Pedagogical University in Moscow, Russia from February 19 to April 24, 1992. The primary goal of the paper is to provide observations about Russian education, the status of counseling, and life in Moscow 6 months after the failed coup d'etat. Secondly, the paper is written to encourage other counseling professionals to apply for Fulbright Awards in Russia and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Instruction, Counseling, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Psychology
The Group of Eight (Go8) appreciates the opportunity to contribute to the consultation about the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA)--Draft Provider Standards. These are some overarching questions regarding the application of the Draft Provider Standards and their interaction with the broader regulatory framework in which universities operate: (1) How will the provider standards be applied to universities, established under State and Territory acts?; and (2) How do the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Postsecondary Education, Accreditation (Institutions), Standards, Universities,...
The subjective nature of assessment focuses attention on the prior perceptions that workplace assessors can bring to formal assessment activities, regarding the competence of workers. This paper draws on a study into workplace learning and assessment practices and the construction of worker identities, which was conducted at three food production companies in North East Victoria. The paper proposes that, rather than concentrating principally on planned, formal assessment activities to determine...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Food Service, Evaluation, Foreign Countries, Timma, Hilary
By analyzing reasons for and problems in China universities' non-institutionalized power structure, this paper tries to prove the limits of non-institutionalized power structure making up for institutionalized power structure in universities, with the hope of revealing the deep reasons for the institutionalized structure imbalance in universities.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Universities, Power Structure, Problems, Liu, Yuting
This publication presents early estimates of apprentice and trainee commencements for the June quarter 2010. Indicative information about this quarter is presented here; the most recent figures are estimated, taking into account reporting lags that occur at the time of data collection. The early trend estimates are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.64, June 2010. Data are only available for commencements at the national level and have been seasonally adjusted and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Apprenticeships, Trainees, Vocational Education, Trend Analysis, Foreign Countries
Articles in this issue, written in Spanish, focus on the following: the philosophy of Jaime Torres Bodet (humanistic vision of adult education; objectives of public education in Mexico; Mexico and the issue of culture; The Mexican National Museum of History; Enrique Gonzalez Martinez, poet of all hours; Marti, Cuba's champion; educational challenges; homage to Master Antonio Caso; Cervantes and Don Vasco de Quiroga; Bolivar's presence; adult education; renunciation of the UNESCO...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, Literacy Education
This publication, presented in pocket guide format, contains highlights from the 2004 vocational education and training (VET) statistics collection. It also includes key data on VET, apprentices and trainees' training activity, and information on technical and further education (TAFE) graduates obtained from the 2004 Student Outcomes Survey. Among the highlights: (1) 1.6 million students were enrolled in the public VET system in 2004; (2) The training participation rate of the working-age...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries
The scope of these recommended standards for policy and provision of school library resource centers in Great Britain encompass the following six areas: (1) scope and arrangement of the memorandum; (2) the purpose and function of the school library; (3) administration, organization and finance; (4) staff: duties, status and qualifications; (5) stock: books and other materials and (6) school library accommodation. (MM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Library Standards, Resource Centers, School Libraries
This report describes an eating disorder as a multi-dimensional physiological, psychological, social, and cultural illness. A chart describing the typical anorexic and bulimic is included which has on its horizontal axis the predisposing, precipitating, perpetuating, professional help, and prevention factors of anorexia nervosa and bulimia. On its vertical axis, each factor is further divided into physical or physiological contributing factors, psychological or emotional contributing factors,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia, Foreign Countries, Intervention, Prevention
The Tenth Annual Report contains a summary of the National Library of Australia's activities for the period 1969 through 1970. Included in the report are sections on: (1) Functions and Management of the Library, (2) Royal Visit, (3) Reference Services, (4) Development of the General Collection, (5) Australian Collections and Services, (6) Oriental Studies Collections and Services, (7) Pictorial Collections and Services, (8) Rare Book Collections and Services, (9) Organization of the Library and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annual Reports, Foreign Countries, Library Planning, National Libraries
A great deal of disagreement exists as to whether the writing systems of the Brahmi family of scripts from Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent and the Hangul script of Korea should be classified as alphabets or syllabaries. Both have in common a mixture of syllabic and alphabetic characteristics that has spawned vigorous disagreement among scholars as to their classification. An analysis of the alphabetic and syllabic aspects of the two writing systems is presented and it is demonstrated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alphabets, Foreign Countries, Language Classification, Written Language
Approximately 10 to 15 years ago the Swedes became aware that the incidence of cohabitation under marriage-like conditions but without marriage had increased tremendously. This increasingly prevalent social behavior raised problems concerning the legal custody of the children of such unions and, ultimately, a way of granting unmarried parents joint custody of their children was worked out. For Americans and Norwegians joint custody became a social issue in the context of divorce. Research and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Legal Problems, Marital Status, Parent Responsibility
Although the main characteristics of procedural discourse are well known, less is known about its various subtypes. Most of the data for the present paper are taken from Category E (skills, trades, and hobbies) in the Brown and LOB corpora, supplemented with examples from computer manuals and a manual for drivers. Following a survey of previous research on procedural discourse, a formulaic definition of procedural discourse is offered: X PRESCRIBE HOW Y DO Z, where X is the knowledgeable text...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Discourse Analysis, Foreign Countries, Text Structure, Written Language
Most career decisions involve compromises. The need to compromise can be attributed to the fact that the characteristics of the options in the occupational world do not necessarily match the ideal career image of the career decision maker. This study examined the readiness to compromise and the content of compromise in 1,252 deliberating women and 751 deliberating men who used "MESHIV"--a computer-assisted career decision making system. Participants were aged 18 or older. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Attitudes, Career Choice, Foreign Countries, Sex Differences
The future schooling scenarios prepared by the OECD/CERI (OECD, 2001) are the focus of this article, first because they provide a useful tool for futures thinking in educational settings and, second, because they provide an analytic framework to investigate how notions of citizenship are embedded in educational policies and in the organisation of compulsory schooling. This article outlines the scenarios developed by the OECD/CERI, describes how these were used to conduct a survey of educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Citizenship, Educational Policy, Surveys, Mutch, Carol
Previous literature suggests that young children are relatively insensitive to viewpoint in drawing, only showing their view when the task demands it. In contrast, older children appear to become more sensitive to viewpoint, and it has been claimed that there is a developmental progression towards portrayal of viewpoint though linear perspective. This study investigated sensitivity to viewpoint by direct manipulation of the child's view. A total of 225 children of 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 years of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Age Differences, Children, Foreign Countries, Freehand Drawing
The history of sports is closely tied to the larger history of the society in which they are played. Baseball in the United States in the 1920's and l930's assumed a major role in spreading the ideals of fair play, sportsmanship, and democracy to the Far East, with tours by amateur athletes and professionals such as Lou Gehrig and Babe Ruth. Even after the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924, it was felt that Baseball Diplomacy should continue in order to lessen Japanese resentment at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Baseball, Foreign Countries, International Relations, Sportsmanship
The report lists the membership for various department-related groups. Following introductory remarks by Director D. W. Crowley, the report lists the replacements on the Joint Committee for Tutorial Classes and the University Extension Board and cites the professional activities of some of the members of the academic staff. The transfer of the Hunter Valley program to the jurisdiction of the University of Newcastle, the status of the Metropolitan Tutorial Classes, and the effects of economic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Annual Reports, College Administration, Foreign Countries
This study asks, To what degree has the Civitas: An International Civic Education Exchange Program in Bosnia and Herzegovina been effective in creating or promoting attitudes and values that serve to strengthen support for democratic institutions and processes among Bosnia and Herzegovina school children? To answer this question, an empirical study was conducted with nearly two thousand upper elementary and secondary students in Bosnia and Herzegovina in May 1999. This report provides evidence...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Foreign Countries, Social Studies, Soule, Suzanne
Common approaches to coping are discussed, followed by a description of the process of women coping with breast cancer as it is expressed in their own poems. Qualitative analysis was conducted on eight poems, with the results opening new avenues for counselors who work with women suffering from breast cancer. (Contains 54 references.) (GCP)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Coping, Counseling Techniques, Foreign Countries, Poetry, Jacoby, Rebecca
The nature and use of names are the focus of a resarch report published in a Canadian journal. The article presents the results of a study of college and university sports teams' nicknames, including major categories of names (human, animal world, mythical, etc.), and frequency of names. The report concludes with a discussion of the social implications of name choices. (HTH)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Athletics, Foreign Countries, Geography, Higher Education, Language Research
This study examines linguistic change as it is found in the works of Daniel Pennac. It discusses heterogeneity at different levels--phonetic, lexical, syntactical, and stylistic--which leaves traces in the language itself of the mixture of different races and cultures, and is highlighted by the microcosm of the neighborhood of Belleville in Paris. Such social and cultural heterogeneity, which imposes linguistic changes to the language due to racial coexistence, reflects a period of transition,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Influences, Foreign Countries, French, Bartoli, Antonella Leoncini
In the fall of 2004, the Institute for Educational Leadership (IEL) convened members of the School Leadership Learning Community (SLLC) and invited guests for three invitational, issue-focused meetings. Each of the meetings was conducted as a modified Select Seminar (www.casdany.neric.org/history3.htm) and explored an issue specific to preparing and supporting school leaders. The discussions were held in an environment conducive to open and honest dialogue and participants were encouraged to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Speech Communication, Rural Schools
The General Conference, at its fifteenth session, deemed it desirable that an international instrument be drawn up for the standardization of statistics relating to libraries in the form of a recommendation to Member States. In accordance with the "Rules of Procedure concerning Recommendations to Member States and International Conventions..." the Director-General drew up the present report on the position with regard to the problem to be regulated by the recommendation and on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Libraries, Standards, Statistics
"Pride and Prejudice," owing to its romantic and superb language, enjoys a great audience and has at least five Chinese versions in circulation. Among them are two versions which are translated by the most authoritative translators published in China: the version translated by Wang Keyi and the version translated by Sun Zhili. The former got its first edition in 1956 while the latter was first published in the year of 1994. In terms of the ideology, the different features of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Novels, Translation, Ideology, Zhang, Feng
At its fifteenth session, the General Conference deemed it desirable that an international instrument be drawn up for the international standardization of statistics relating to libraries, in the form of a recommendation to Member States. Thus, the Director-General drew up a preliminary report together with a preliminary draft recommendation (See LI 002 088). These were sent under cover of a circular letter dated 16 July 1969 to Member States, who were invited to submit their comments and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Programs, Libraries, Standards, Statistics
This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, published bi-annually in English and French, sheds light on the needs of teachers and teacher training in emergency situations with practical approaches and strategies provided on capacity building in the area of teacher education. Furthermore, it ventures into the examination of major components of education for reconstruction with some concrete examples drawn from the work of educators in the area of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Peace, Newspapers, Emergency Programs
The Eleventh Annual Report contains a summary of the National Library of Australia's activities for the period 1970 through 1971. Included in the report are sections on: (1) Management of the Library, (2) Service to the Public, (3) Development of the General Collection, (4) Australian Collections and Services, (5) National Bibliography, (6) Library Services to Commonwealth Territories, (7) National Clearing Center, (8) Education for Librarianship, (9) Orientation and Use of the Building and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Annual Reports, Foreign Countries, Library Planning, National Libraries
Money has significant impact on people's motivation and behavior. This study examined attitudes toward money of first-year undergraduate university students (N=68) in National Taiwan University. The Money Ethic Scale (MES) was used to identify six factors concerning the meaning of money: good, evil, achievement, respect, budget, and freedom. A personality questionnaire measured the Protestant Work Ethic (PWE), the leisure ethic, and the internal-external locus of control. The results indicated...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Student Attitudes
Research has shown, and educators in the field have acknowledged, that students with visual impairments (those who are blind or have low vision) who are in general education, as well as in special education, settings, can lack social competence (Bauman, 1973; Davidow, 1974; Doll, 1953; Hatlen, 2000, 2003; Huebner, 1986; Sacks, Kekelis, & Gaylord-Ross, 1997; Sacks & Silberman, 2000; Schindele, 1974; Stockley & Brooks, 1995; Tuttle, 1987; Van Hasselt, Hersen, & Kazdin, 1985). For...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Competence, Visual Impairments, Special Education,...
One attempt to make scores from large-scale assessments more interpretable has been to provide proficiency level scores to describe the meaning of student performance on tests. This study has examined the accuracy of Ercikan and Julian's (2002) guidelines for developing proficiency level scores and the classification accuracy of proficiency level scores from British Columbia's Foundation Skills Assessment tests. The guidelines were examined by comparing expected classification accuracies, based...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Guidelines, Classification, Computer Assisted Testing, Ercikan,...
People find difficulty in performing syllogistic reasoning. This paper outlines some reasons for poor syllogistic reasoning. Representational systems (RS) used in presenting and evaluating syllogisms can be distinguished in terms of attributes such as specificity, expressiveness, and abstraction. Graphical RSs have pedagogical potential because of their expressivity and specificity attributes. The paper looks at four different graphical RSs for supporting syllogistic reasoning: Venn diagrams,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Media, Foreign Countries, Knowledge Representation, Thinking Skills,...
Form errors, but not reversal errors, generated when kindergarten children printed reversible letters and numbers, were associated with teachers' judgments of children's academic performance at the end of kindergarten and throughout Grade 1. Three samples totaling 166 non-repeating kindergarten children (79 male, 87 female) were drawn from eight kindergarten classes distributed among seven schools. All of the children were native English speakers. Each child was asked individually to print from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Handwriting, Identification, Intervention,...
This article summarizes the development of tourism curricula over the past 20 years from the perspective of global tourism. The paper proposes a generic framework for a future tourism curriculum on the basis of a review of literature in the American, British, and other European contexts. The proposed tourism curriculum aims to create well-rounded tourism graduates who view the tourism industry as a fully integrated system, are aware of the importance of connectivity in society, and can make...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Tourism, Curriculum Development, Higher Education, Educational...
This report is divided into three main sections. The first section consists of a short general survey of the state of teacher education in Asia today, with suggestions for improvement. The problem of change-over from an imposed colonial language to the native language is recognized as important. The next section contains a list of conference participants and summaries of the four opening speeches. The third and largest section is a curriculum guide for teacher education developed by the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Guides, Foreign Countries, Official Languages,...
Toddlers (2 to 3 years) and preschool children (5 to 6 years) were repeatedly presented with a six-tone melody, then tested for their discrimination of a variety of pattern features, including the specific component frequencies, successive intervals, and general melodic contour. To manipulate the information-processing demands of the task, the presentation rate was varied among children. It was found that at the slowest rate, toddlers discriminated changes in specific component frequencies...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Age Differences, Auditory Perception, Cognitive Ability, Foreign Countries, Music,...
An empirical study of tutors responsible for evaluating students' assignments at the Fernuniversitat in 1980 employed an 18-item questionnaire, analysis of open-ended responses, analysis of graders' comments on more than 1,000 assignments, and interviews with staff. The process of evaluating students' work was shown to be inefficient, with minimal cooperation between graders and central staff. Copies of the questionnaires and results of the data analyses are included. (Author/GL)
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Faculty, Distance Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Interviews,...
The questions of whether international terrorism could be controlled only through waging war, what institutions could be enlisted in the service of creating sustainable global peace, and could there be viable measures taken to undercut potential sources of global terror are questions posed in this paper. It does not offer complete answers to these questions, but it seeks to draw people's attention to a direction leading to proper reflection. The paper discusses the social ideas of Peter L....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, International Relations, Peace, Terrorism, War, Sineshaw, Tilahun
This document was produced by the authors based on their research for the report "Literacy, Numeracy and Alternative Dispute Resolution," and is an added resource for further information. It contains the appendices: (1) Published statistics on mediation/alternative dispute resolution in Australian courts and tribunals over the period 2002 to 2003; (2) Bodies involved in alternative dispute resolution in Australia; (3) Letter and survey to individual alternative dispute resolution...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Courts, Numeracy, Conflict Resolution, Arbitration, Cumming, J....
While Brazil has successfully achieved universal access to basic education, the quality of education remains stubbornly low. A recent study by the Instituto de Pesquisa Economica Aplicada (IPEA) shows that the average 25 years old Brazilian has completed only nine years of education. Almost eleven percent of the population is illiterate and a much larger proportion is functionally illiterate. On January 29, the Brazil Institute of the Woodrow Wilson Center addressed Brazil's education policy,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Low Achievement, Educational Attainment,...
A plan to build an Academy of Library Science to start in 1971 is proposed by the Bureau of the Library of I.K.I.P. (Institute of Teachers' Training and Educational Science). The complete plan is outlined including: the basic considerations, the purposes and educational requirements of the students, the name and status of the institution, the curriculum, expenses, teaching staff, and the materials required. (Author/NH)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum, Foreign Countries, Library Education, Library Science, Library...
This study is designed to explore the salient linguistic features of the political speeches of the ousted Arab presidents during the Arab Spring Revolution. The sample of the study is composed of seven political speeches delivered by the ousted Arab presidents during the period from December 2010 to December 2012. Three speeches were delivered by the Tunisian president, Zain Al-Abedeen Bin Ali; three speeches by the Egyptian president, Hosni Mubarak; and one speech by the Libyan president,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Speeches, Discourse Analysis, Presidents, Conflict, Language Usage, Connected...
Three undergraduate degrees (in Accounting, Business Studies and Commerce), developed at different times by different departments at Napier Polytechnic in Scotland, introduced a common first year curriculum in 1987-88. For some time the Polytechnic had recognized the need to increase flexibility between courses and to provide students with the maximum number of choices and progression routes, and the initial proposal to develop a common first year was submitted for discussion in September 1985....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Business Education, College Freshmen, Core Curriculum, Curriculum Design, Curriculum...
Politics has always made strange bedfellows, but now the public and the traditional academy are collaborating in an attack on the site of their uneasiness--what they label "political correctness as neo-fascism" and what one composition teacher calls "political correctness as challenge to ideological assumptions." In their attacks on "illiberal education," the voices of the orthodox backlash have seized upon the well-tempered, double-edged blade of political...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English Curriculum, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Language Role, Politics of...
This article presents reflections on the high dropout rate at distance education universities in general and at the FernUniversitat in particular. The introduction outlines four reasons why the dropout rate should not be as high as it is. The first chapter--on general aspects--addresses problems of definition of dropout, the astounding differences in dropout rate in various countries, the significance of the dropout rate for the student and the university, and obscurities and absurdities in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Distance Education, Dropout Prevention, Dropout Rate, Dropout Research, Foreign...
Mathematics professionals are working with teachers revealing the reality and beauty that happens in the world of math and to show that this is essentially a "human endeavour," embedded in much of what people do and the ways in which they think. In this article, the author shares vignettes of primary classes working with mathematicians as part of the Mathematicians in Schools' program.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Vignettes, Elementary School Students, Program Descriptions,...
This guide, aimed primarily at school administrators and school counselors, is a reference manual to be used in conjunction with the corresponding sections of the School Act, RSA 2000 and the Local Authorities Election Act RSA, and any other related legislation. The document provides historical background on the right to choose the language of instruction; it outlines the francophone education regions, regional authorities, funding by the regional authorities, the transfer of assets from a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Legislation, Educational Policy, English, Foreign Countries, French,...
In China, psychologically oriented student counseling services are just beginning to appear on college campuses and professional assistance is badly needed from all sources. In order to help these counseling centers to develop, this paper attempts to discuss what Chinese counselors can do to help students to cope with their academic and emotional difficulties at school. Specifically, the paper begins with a description of some of the most common problems among Chinese college students. It then...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Counseling Services, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, School...
This instructional booklet for the social studies classroom is a companion to a series about modern day Germany. The materials describe the documents in the series and present correlation charts for content and skills: (1) "A Kid Like Me across the Sea"; (2) "Communities and Regions"; (3) "Overview of Germany"; (4) "Germany in Europe"; (5) "Geography of Germany"; and (6) "Cultural Reflections." Content areas include geography, culture,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Area Studies, Economics, European History, Foreign Countries, Secondary Education,...
The use of metaphors in design can help students reflect over a problem situation under an innovative point of view. During their design studies, students are supposed to acquire design skills, gain knowledge and enhance their level of expertise. This research explores the aid provided by metaphors in design problem solving, and its relationship to the development of design expertise. Empirical results showed that the level of expertise has no significant effect in the aid supplied by the use...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Expertise, Advanced Students, Design, Educational Methods, Problem Solving,...
Why is Norway, the first nation in the world defining digital literacy, as the fifth basic competence in the national curriculum? How has epistemological and ontological issues influenced educational technology and how has this influenced discourse of educational technology in curricula which have led to today's "technology friendly curriculum"? These are central questions in this paper and one of the main aims within the paper is to analyze what kind of impacts, such underlying...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Information Technology, Literacy, National Curriculum, Foreign Countries, Educational...
To get an impression of the quality of educational research in the Netherlands, 55 paper proposals accepted by the Paper Committee of the Educational Research Day 1974 were evaluated. Each of the 204 judges evaluated two randomly assigned proposals on 27 characteristics. These characteristics were an extension of the instrument used by a committee of the American Educational Research Association in a similar study. The proposals showed a number of specific shortcomings. The general impression...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Educational Research, Evaluation, Foreign Countries,...
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Foreign currency units, exchange rates, the international payments process, and spending money abroad are discussed briefly in this booklet to help teachers explain the international economy. Thirty-two countries are listed with their respective currency units, some of which are illustrated. A chart shows the average yearly exchange rates between U.S. dollars and the currency units of selected nations during the 10-year period 1978-1987. The reason for changes in exchange rates are explained. A...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Consumer Education, Economics, Economics Education, Foreign Countries, International...
Biography is often construed as life story, life history or memoir. The author who narrates the life of another the biographer may skim the surface to relate the events that occurred during the subject's life or dig deeply to explore the social and political issues that shaped her/his development. The subject of this biography is a man who grasped opportunity, had vision to lead and courage to implement change. Parallelling the biographical story is one that records an unfolding history of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Biographies, Leaders, Educational History, Secondary Education,...
The impact of urban, regional, and remote location on Indigenous vocational education and training (VET) students' aspirations and outcomes is examined in this report. It finds the availability of desired courses, teaching staff, and community attitudes to learning in the various locations influence the success of outcomes of Indigenous students. However, successful outcomes other than those related to employment or further education can emerge from VET. Accordingly, the authors suggest...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Attitudes, Adult Education, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries,...
This paper defines the field of adventure therapy and relates it to other types of adventure activities. Outdoor adventure may have recreational, educational, or enrichment goals that focus on having fun, increasing participant knowledge, or building skills such as communication in a target group. Adventure therapy, on the other hand, has the clear goal of engendering lasting personal change in participants. Characteristics of adventure therapy include assessment of participants before the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adventure Education, Definitions, Foreign Countries, Individual Development,...
The changes occurring in historiography in recent decades and their effects on the present state of writing about Canadian higher education are outlined and discussed. The kinds of questions needing to be asked and some assumptions that need to be analyzed are examined. (MSE)
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Curriculum, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Higher Education,...
In the increasingly research and innovation-driven landscape of higher education, the Federal Government's Teaching and Learning Fund is supposed to redress the balance. Leesa Wheelehan is unconvinced. She argues the fund simply encourages game-playing between institutions in manipulating their teaching outcomes, and rewards good teaching on grounds that make no statistical or policy sense. (Contains 8 endnotes.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Federal Government, Rewards, Foreign Countries, Accountability,...
This study of the haptic exploratory strategies used by nine children with visual impairments and additional disabilities when interacting with portable and freely manipulable objects found that a broader approach to assessment and analysis is required than is used with typically developing children. An "adaptive-tasks" approach is proposed as a basis for developing a framework within which to account for sources of variance in the developing haptic abilities of these children.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Multiple Disabilities, Children, Visual Impairments, Coping,...
In 1993, Bolivia was selected as a site to pilot an interactive radio instruction (IRI) project that would provide practical support to adult caregivers and children around early childhood development. Through linkages with health and education networks, PIDI (Programa Integral de Desarrollo Infantil) provided young children under the age of six food with health care and the attention of two community caregivers. The audio series, "Jugando en el Pidi," was created to reach a rapidly...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiotape Recordings, Caregivers, Child Development, Educational Radio, Foreign...
This study examined the personal values of elementary school administrators in Turkey. Data were collected from 104 principals and 254 assistant principals in elementary schools located in the borders of metropolitan Ankara. Information compiled included gender, level of education, job title, seniority, and level of adoption (using a scale of 0 to 4) of personal values such as money, power, family, aesthetics, creativity, and social dimensions. Statistical analysis of the data shows that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrative Principles, Administrator Characteristics, Elementary Education,...
The memory of the student uprising at Tiananmen Square in 1989 invites one professor to examine more closely what she does: rhetoric and composition, especially rhetorical invention. To examine the kind of power exercised by official Chinese public discourse and whether language could help to avoid reoccurrences such as the loss of innocent people's lives, the Taoist thought of Zhuang Zi might help. And such an examination could also benefit comparative/contrastive rhetoric studies. Many recent...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Chinese Culture, Comparative Analysis, Discourse Analysis, Foreign Countries, Higher...
Over the past three decades, practitioners have been reminded at workshops, seminars, and conferences that gender equity is an issue for effectiveness of development programs, not just a matter of political correctness, or as some colleagues believe, kindness to women. This issue of the International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA) Newsletter, a bi-annual publication in English and French, examines gender and curriculum issues in African education. It contains the following...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Sex Fairness, Political Attitudes, Newspapers, Altruism, Equal...