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The aim of this paper is isolating rare actinobacteria from new ecological source as corrosive lesion at concrete infrastructure and screening their ability to produce biological products.  Ten pure actinobacteria isolates were isolated from corrosive lesions at  concrete  infrastructures of irrigation channel using cement extract media at different pHs (9- 12) and incubated at 30°C for 7d.   All of the isolates produced variable levels of cellulase and lipase, and nine of them displayed...
Topics: Concrete Corrosive Lesions, Actinobacteria, Secondary Metabolites, Pseudonocardia, Alkaline...
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Oct 17, 2015 Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
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Antimicrobial resistance is a global health issue in the developing countries. This study was carried out to evaluate the impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on multidrug resistant (MDR) clinical lab isolates (LSs) of  Staphylococcus  species  viz.   Staphylococcus haemolyticus (LS 18),  Staphylococcus epidermidis  (LS 21), and  Staphylococcus aureus  (LS 30). Each strain was divided into the two groups  i.e.  control and treated. The control and treated groups were...
Topics: Staphylococcus haemolyticus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Biofield Energy...
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To examine the  in vitro  anti bacterial activities of the ethanol extract of fresh leaves of  Alliumcepa (onion)  and to determine and quantify the phenol compounds of the investigated plantparts. This study was drifting out at the Mekelle university department chemistry and Adigrat pharmaceutical industry,   fromMarch2015toApril 2015. Clinical strains of  Streptococcus pneumoniae  and ethanol   extracts of the plant species was used for the antimicrobial study.   Thirty grams  ...
Topics: HPLC, Antimicrobial Empire, Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Medicinal Plants
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This study is interested to now a day's attracting attention of the researchers; which is natural products and their derivatives because of they are becoming sources   to   important   drugs   and   the   pharmaceutical   industries have come to consider traditional   medicine as a source of bioactive agents   that   can   be used in   the preparation of synthetic   medicines and helpful also   as nutritional values which are very interesting in their eco-friendness and free of...
Topics: Bioactive, Black Cumin, Eco-Friend, Toxicity, Phytochemicals, Traditional Medicine
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Oct 17, 2015 Gebreabiezgi Teklebirhan, Adane Bitew
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Fungal infections of hair, nail and skin are common worldwide and continue to increase. The present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of dermatophytosis, isolation rates and the profile of fungi associated with dermatophytosis. Samples were collected from 305 patients and a  portion of each sample was examined microscopically and the remaining portion was cultured on to plates of Sabouraud’s Dextrose Agar containing chloramphinical with and without cychloheximide. Fungal...
Topics: Dermatophytosis, Non Dermtophyte Fungi, Trychophyton violaceum, Tinea unguium
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Oct 14, 2015 Alexey A. Zotin
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The equation that can describe all known types of animal growth is proposed. The equation contains two basic coefficients, one of which determines the initial rate of growth; the other determines the change of the growth rate. In separate cases two correction coefficients should be taken into account, one of which is connected with morphogenetic processes and the other is connected with spontaneous decrease of the body weight. Biorhythms that accompany growth process can be described by the...
Topics: Body Weight Changes, Developmental Biology, Growth, Mathematical Model
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Oct 14, 2015 Md. Ataur Rahman, Md. Nurunnabi Mondal, Kazi Ahsan Habib, Jannatun Shahin, Md. Golam Rabbane
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The study was conducted to investigate the socio-economic profiles of the fishermen of river Talma in Panchagarh district in the Northern part of Bangladesh. Pertinent information was collected from fifty randomly selected fishermen from the study area during the period of eight months from March to October, 2014. In the study area the fishermen age range from 20 to 66 years. It was found that most of the fishermen (58%) illiterate though a small proportion completed primary level of education....
Topics: Livelihood, Fishermen, Marketing Channel, Talma River, Northern Bangladesh
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Oct 14, 2015 Widodo Budiharto
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Robotics is an interesting topic today. This book is written to provide an introduction to intelligent robotics using OpenCV. This very useful book intended for a first course in robot vision and covers modeling and implementation of intelligent robot. The need for this textbook arose from teaching robotics to student and hobbyist for many years and facing the difficulty to provide excellent book to explain advanced technology in intelligent robotics and kinematics of the robot. This book...
Topics: Robotics, Modern Robotics
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Reconstruction of the Temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) represent a challenge for all craniofacial and maxillofacial surgeons for the last 4 decades, many disease of the TMJ were not fully understood in the west (like TMJ ankylosis), since they do not see much of these cases as in the Middle east because the standard of health education to understand the basic roles for managements of traumatic injuries of the TMJ is absent. In the south of Arab land as in Yemen, Somalia and Sudan, people daily...
Topics: Disease, Temporomandibular Joint, Surgical Reconstruction, Clinical & Experimental Studies
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Oct 14, 2015 NORMA AUREA RANGEL-VÁZQUEZ , FRANCISCO RODRÍGUEZ FÉLIX
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Computational chemistry allows using various models analyze and predict the behavior of single and composite materials to determine the composition of new materials. It should be noted that a model is a representation of the construction and working of some system of interest. A model is similar to but simpler than the system it represents. One purpose of a model is to enable the analyst to predict the effect of changes to the system. On the one hand, a model should be a close approximation to...
Topics: Molecular Mechanics, AM1 Method, PM3 Method
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Oct 13, 2015 Smolina N. V., Dobretsov G. E., Syrejshchikova T. I., Gamburg Yu. D., Kalinina V. V., Gryzunov Yu. A.
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We are proposing a new technique for studying interaction of charged biomolecules. It is based on a difference between nitrate and chloride anion influence on electrostatic interactions in order to detect the role of positively charged guanidine groups of proteins. This comparison was demonstrated for human serum albumin (HSA) interaction with a fluorescent reporter, CAPIDAN. Nitrate anions lower their binding constant (K). There are two causes that are responsible for that K decrease induced...
Topics: Human Serum Albumin, Drug-Binding Site, Ngatively Charged Ligands, Nitrate Anion Blocking Arginine...
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Oct 13, 2015 Alireza Sepehri, Somayyeh Shoorvazi
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In this research, the possibility of generating cancer due to acceleration of DNA is investigated. It is observed that the entanglement between p53 sequence and CG pair is decreased with increasing acceleration .Instead, the entanglement between p53 gene and TA pair is increased with increasing acceleration. Thus the acceleration of p53 leads to mutations from C to T and causes various types of cancer. Also the entanglement between the existence of AT and non-existence of AU pairs in non...
Topics: Acceleration, DNA, Cancer
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Oct 13, 2015 Lev V. Beloussov, Ilya V. Volodyaev
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The aim of this essay is to review up to now scattered data related to the integration of activities of molecular machines into higher level events, providing macroscopic organization of living beings. According to the self-organization theory, one of the main instruments for such integration is enlarging of characteristic times, going as a rule, hand by hand with characteristic dimensions. We start from the “classical”, short-range mechanoelectrical protein machines emphasizing their...
Topics: Molecular machines, Self-organization, Characteristic times, Ultraweak photon emission, Fourier...
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Oct 13, 2015 Mileta Arakelyan, Hakob Kanoyan
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In the work, transmission of nerve impulses along nerve fibers is simulated. Research is being conducted in the framework of the electrical theory of propagation of the action potential. The soliton approach is used. The numerical experiment on the evolution of the nerve impulse and the laws of motion is conducted. It is shown that the stable form of nerve impulses solitons is realized under different initial conditions. The threshold character of occurrence of nerve pulse is simulated. It is...
Topics: Soliton, Nervous Pulse, Nonlinear, Korteweg De Vries Equation
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Oct 13, 2015 Miguel Ángel Chesta, Ana Lucía Poma, Dionisio José Mc Donnell
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Precise calculations of absorbed dose (AD) are a difficult task involving physical phenomena such as emission, transport, and absorption of radiation. We used the Monte Carlo method to calculate Kerma as well as AD in water imparted by two different Ir-192 HDR brachytherapy seeds (Flexisource and microSelectron-v2) taking into account the AAPM TG-43 formalism and AAPM & ESTRO most recent reports recommendations. The aim of this work is to evaluate when can Kerma be used as a measurement of...
Topics: Photons Absorbed Dose, Kerma, HDR-Brachytherapy, Seed, Ir-192
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Oct 13, 2015 Ponizovskiy Michail
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Studying the open non equilibrium non linear thermodynamic system of an organism there were explained mechanisms maintenance stability Internal Energy and Internal Medium as an organism as well as cells an organism in norm and in quasi-stationary pathologic states from the point of view of thermodynamic laws. There were calculated the main thermodynamic parameters according thermodynamic laws of open non equilibrium non linear thermodynamic system of a human organism. Also it was explained...
Topics: Thermodynamic System of an Organism, Thermodynamic Laws, Internal Energy, Entropy, Enthalpy,...
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Oct 9, 2015 Tarık Tolga Gümüş
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The importance of the gentry class families in the political history of the fifteenth century is becoming more and more apparent in the academic developments of the recent years. Therefore, this book is focused on the life and career of one individual of these gentry families. The life and career of Thomas Kiriel who was the knight of the body and who was actively enrolled in the wars with France in the king’s side are analyzed. The study shows that Thomas Kiriel took his fortune from the...
Topics: Treason and War, English Gentry Families, Sir Thomas Kiriel
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Oct 9, 2015 Felix Kutsanedzie , Sylvester Achio , Edmund Ameko,
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The main objective of this book is to help students, would-be-research fellows and lecturers to get a good grasp of the technicalities involved in the act of research writing and publishing. It starts with a chapter that introduces the readers to the various constituents of research proposal writing by explaining the various technical terms and how to handle them in practice. The book gives a comprehensive way of approaching the research reporting thus making it a must read book for all...
Topics: Comprehensive, research Writing, research publication
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Oct 9, 2015 Mina Moradi , Jamshid Aghazadeh Mohandesi , Davoud Fatmehsari Haghshenas
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The challenges in nanotechnology and especially in carbon nanostructures can be considered in two aspects, the preparation/fabrication of the nanostructures and their properties regarding the specific applications. In order to explore and exploit the rich physics/chemistry of the graphene, new methods are required to tailor their properties. This book which is based on a master thesis is a contribution to the both above mentioned aspects through the following goals:  - Exploring a novel route...
Topics: Electrochemical Fabrication, Mechanical Characterization, oly Vinyl Alcohol Nanocomposites
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Oct 9, 2015 Han Seung Lee , Mohamed Abdel Kader Ismail , Sang Hyun Lee , Mohd Warid Hussin,
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Concrete carbonation decreases durability of concrete. Therefore, quantitative evaluating method for the amount of CO 2  absorption through carbonation should be considered under the condition that carbonation does not affect durability of RC structure. This study proposed a quantitative evaluating method that overcomes the limitation of the traditional qualitative evaluation, which is carried out using the naked eye with respect to the color change boundary by spraying indicator. Carbonation...
Topics: CO 2 (LCCO 2) Evaluation, Life Cycle
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Oct 9, 2015 F. H. Abd El-kader, S. A. Gaffar, A. F. Basha, S. I. Bannan, M. F. H. Abd El-kader
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Thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC) and thermal sampling (TS) method were used to systematically characterize the α-relaxation process in gelatin and PVA homopolymers and their blend sample of 50/50 (wt/wt %) composition. In addition, γ-irradiation effect on TSDC spectra of samples under investigation was studied. Measurements of TSDC at different polarizing field strengths, polarization temperatures and times made it possible to obtain a complete picture of kinetic...
Topics: Gelatin/PVA, Thermal Stimulated Depolarization Current, Thermal Sampling Process, Relaxation...
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Mitochondria are responsible for the essential role in the cell survival by regulating the cellular energy, homeostasis, oxidative phosphorylation process, fatty acid oxidation and in the cell death process by regulating apoptosis. However, reactive oxygen species (ROS) is produced by mitochondria that pose oxidative damage to lipids, protein and mitochondrial DNA and additional production of ROS is triggered by this damage. On the other hand, the host cell control the life and death of...
Topics: Mitochondria, Mitophagy, Yeast, Autophagy
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Sep 19, 2015 Md. Shaifur Rahman, Md. Fahmid Islam, Md. Al Mamun, S. M. Abdul-Awal, Mahbub E. Sobhani
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Cancer, the ‘Emperor of All Malady’ has already occupied its position in the list of most fascinating but elusive enigmas in human history like life and consciousness. Existence of phenocopy, C-value paradox and many other electrifying findings has questioned the linear central dogma of molecular biology. This points a paradigm shift towards a stochastic realization of biology. And here, quantum mechanics comes forward with all its experiences in studying the nature’s inherent superposed...
Topics: Cancer, Consciousness, Quantum Mechanics, C-Value Paradox, Phenocopy
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Sep 19, 2015 Ponizovskiy Michail
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Studying the open non equilibrium non linear thermodynamic system of an organism there were explained mechanisms maintenance stability Internal Energy and Internal Medium as an organism as well as cells an organism in norm and in quasi-stationary pathologic states from the point of view of thermodynamic laws. There were calculated the main thermodynamic parameters according thermodynamic laws of open non equilibrium non linear thermodynamic system of a human organism. Also it was explained...
Topics: Thermodynamic System of an Organism, Thermodynamic Laws, Internal Energy, Entropy, Enthalpy,...
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In this paper we hope to place the two basic facts of life, constant active self – maintenance and self – reproduction, into a fresh light. The basic idea is considering the genetic assignments as a „biological invariant of motion”, the latter forming a hierarchically produced, „self - constructing”, regressive time inversion symmetry restoration, a closed semantic real – time upbuilding loop. It is, actually, the predetermined future of the biological system. It is this, in fact,...
Topics: The Biological Invariant of Motion, Struggle for Life, Causal Break in Quantum Dynamic, Group...
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Sep 19, 2015 Sevil Akif Mamedli
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A research on radioprotective activity of an extract of Sophora – Sophora japonica L. was carried out at sharp gamma irradiation of seeds of tobacco and wheat. Preliminary treatment of seeds with these preparations resulted in stabilization of the maintenance of pigments of chlorophylls and carotinoids at sprouts of wheat and to decrease in number of chromosomal aberrations in apical meristem of sprouts of tobacco – Nicotiаna tabacum L. obtained from the irradiated seeds.
Topics: Wheat, Tobacco Nicotiаna Tabacum L., an Extract of Sophora Japonica L., Seeds, Ionizing Radiation,...
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Sep 18, 2015 Walter Petry
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The theory of gravitation uses a flat space-time metric, e.g., the pseudo-Euclidean geometry. The gravitational field is described by a tensor of order 2 (potentials) which satisfies covariant (relative to the metric) differential equations of order 2. The left hand side of the differential equations is the total energy-momentum tensor of matter and the gravitational field. The theory is a field theory in analogy to the equations of Maxwell for Electrodynamics and not a geometrical description...
Topics: Theory of Gravitation, Static Spherical Symmetry, Non-Static Spherically Symmetry, Rotating Stars,...
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Sep 18, 2015 Ibrahim Hayatu Kubkomawa
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This Book, Project and Journal Article Writing for Agricultural Science and Related Disciplines, is a guide. It is a product of positive, visionary and innovative thinking conceived and nurtured over the years out of observing lots of confusion, difficulties and frustrations confronting ever anxious, desperate young graduating students and researchers. This led to its designing and compilation to help and guide final year students, researchers and all stake holders in the field of agricultural...
Topics: Journal Article Writing, Agricultural Science
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Sep 18, 2015 Dr.Karima
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Textile processing consumes huge amount of energy as in dye fixation and heat setting. Heat can be transferred to material by radiation, conduction and convection. These three ways of heat transfer can be used either separately or in combination. Saving time and energy is of immediate interest to textile industry. The introduction of new techniques which will allow less energy to be used is a highly important area of activity to consider. A relatively short section of properly designed...
Topics: Microwaves, Microwave Coloration, Microwave Pretreatment and Finishing
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Sep 18, 2015 D Hussein Abdo M. Rababah
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Language planning and medical terminology management in Jordan is investigated as a case study, both qualitatively and quantitatively, from the perspective of general language planning and terminology management theories and principles. English is the communicative and professional medical language in Jordan. Medical staff often switch from English to Arabic and vice versa. Arabic medical terminology, which is important for patient communication, is not properly standardized. There is more than...
Topics: Language Planning, Terminology Management, Medical Terminology Management in Jordan
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Sep 18, 2015 DR. SURJYA KUMAR SAIKIA,DR. DEBANGSHU NARAYAN DAS,
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The present book is a synthesis of work to cover most of the methodologies required for ecological studies in laboratory. The book is divided into four sections - Section I, II, III and IV. Section I deals with water analysis methods. This section is further divided into two chapters, viz. Chapter 1.1 for chemical and Chapter 1.2 for physical analysis of water. Section II deals in Soil analysis methods. This section is also divided into two chapters as Chapter 2.1 and Chapter 2.2 for Chemical...
Topics: Electrical Conductivity, Total Alkalinity, Total Hardness, Calcium Hardness, Magnesium Hardness
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Sep 17, 2015 Rubaiyat Sharmin Sultana, Md. Mahabubur Rahman
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The angle between helical windings of microfibrils in the secondary cell wall of fibers and the long axis is called microfibril angle (MFA). Stiffness of wood depends on variations in the MFA. The large MFA shows low stiffness, which is found in juvenile wood and this character make threes vulnerable to high winds breaking. Timber containing a high proportion of juvenile wood is unsuitable for use as high-grade structural timber. On the other hand, the small MFA in wood shows high stiffness,...
Topics: Angiosperm, Microfibril Angle, Tension Wood, Wood Anatomy, Wood Fiber
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Sep 17, 2015 M. Kumara Dhas, A. Jawahar, A. Milton Franklin Benial
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Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy studies on the reduction process of nitroxyl radicals were carried out for 1mM concentration of 14N-labeled nitroxyl radicals in 1 mM concentration of ascorbic acid as a function of time. The half life time and decay rate were estimated for 1mM concentration of 14N labeled nitroxyl radicals in 1 mM concentration of ascorbic acid. From the results, the increase in half life time and decrease in decay rate were calculated for TEMPONE compared with TEMPO...
Topics: Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Nitroxyl Radicals, Ascorbic Acid, Half Life Time, Decay Rate
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Background and objectives: MRSA is known to cause community and hospital acquired infections due to its multiple drug resistance. The objectives of this study were to elucidate the prevalence of MRSA among clinical cases of both community and hospital acquired infections and to evaluate the invitro susceptibility pattern of different antibiotics against isolated MRSA strains. Methods: Clinical samples were collected from both inpatients and outpatients including swabs from operation theatres...
Topics: MRSA, MSSA, SA, Methicillin, Environmental Sources
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Sep 17, 2015 Aparup Konar, Samiran Mondal, Sridip Chatterjee, Sourabh Lahiri
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Background: Sports surfaces not only play a significant role in influencing sports performance but also determining the risk of injury. The best running surface should be moderately soft & smooth and widely used in a variety of games & sports in schools. Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the shuttle run performance induced injury rates of school boys on five different sport surfaces in physical education classes. Method: Thirty six healthy school boys (Age: 14.06±0.41 years,...
Topics: Shuttle Run Performance, Sport Surface, Schoolboy, Safety & Injury Prevention
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Sep 17, 2015 Mammed Agagulu Najafzadeh,Natalia Sergeyevna Beryoza
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It’s not a secret that today the problem of GMo FP (genetically modified food plants) is one of the main problems in all over the world that stands face-to-face with the mankind. Of course it was invented to achieve food abundance as there are many countries of Asia and Africa where children suffer of hunger GMo FP should be welcomed. However it’s known to everybody what harmful and dangerous results exist in this innovation as geneticists know that farmers use genes of various animals and...
Topics: Genetically Modified Food Plants, Bioterrorizm, Unsolvable Problems
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Sep 16, 2015 Yuri Ya. Latypov, A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology FEB RAS.
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This monograph is the English translation of 5 books which originally appeared in Russian, and was published by Nauka in Moscow (Latypov, 1990, 1992, 1995, Latypov, Dautova, 1996, 1998). It also is advanced and added with data on all Vietnamese reefs and corals distributed on them, components according to all available information from 350 species. The publication mentioned above were translated into English by Elena Kogan and Yuri Latypov at 2006. The translation was supported by a grant from...
Topics: Scleractinian Corals of Vietnam, SciencePG book
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Sep 16, 2015 Gabriela Kelemen
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Psychopedagogy of play brings forward a topic of constant interest: the game. The volume Psychopedagogy of play, approaches the importance of playing in a child’s life but also throughout the entire human existence, as mentioned by the author herself: Playing is a fundamental human activity that pervades the entire life and all cultures. Playing is the main and fundamental childhood activity. It is the engine that activates and determines the development of one’s personality, gives meaning...
Topics: Psychopedagogy of Play, book for Children Education,
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Sep 16, 2015 Bertram Ekejiuba Bright Nwoke and Chinyere Nneka Ukaga
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Tropical diseases are diseases that are prevalent in or unique to tropical and sub-tropical regions. Large proportions of the people in the world inhabit tropical countries which include vast geographical areas. The World Health Organization and other International Health Agencies have identified a group of 13 tropical infections as the ‘Neglected Tropical Diseases’. These diseases affect the world’s poorest people living in remote and rural areas of low-income countries in Sub-Saharan...
Topic: SciencePG book
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Sep 16, 2015 Prof. Shyam Parashar
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This work is my attempt to simplify and teach basic sciences and their application in clinical decision making. Students of surgery must know that communication skills, mannerism and ethics play a very significant role in the learning phase of their life. Any student in a white coat with a stethoscope around the neck and hammer and tuning fork peeking out of the coat pocket cannot disguise the fact that they are still students and that they have to win the trust of their patients before they...
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Surgery, surgery book
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Sep 10, 2015 Smolina N. V., Dobretsov G. E., Syrejshchikova T. I., Gamburg Yu. D., Kalinina V. V., Gryzunov Yu. A.
texts
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We are proposing a new technique for studying interaction of charged biomolecules. It is based on a difference between nitrate and chloride anion influence on electrostatic interactions in order to detect the role of positively charged guanidine groups of proteins. This comparison was demonstrated for human serum albumin (HSA) interaction with a fluorescent reporter, CAPIDAN. Nitrate anions lower their binding constant (K). There are two causes that are responsible for that K decrease induced...
Topics: Human Serum Albumin, Drug-Binding Site, Ngatively Charged Ligands, Nitrate Anion Blocking Arginine...
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Sep 10, 2015 Alireza Sepehri, Somayyeh Shoorvazi
texts
eye 70
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In this research, the possibility of generating cancer due to acceleration of DNA is investigated. It is observed that the entanglement between p53 sequence and CG pair is decreased with increasing acceleration .Instead, the entanglement between p53 gene and TA pair is increased with increasing acceleration. Thus the acceleration of p53 leads to mutations from C to T and causes various types of cancer. Also the entanglement between the existence of AT and non-existence of AU pairs in non...
Topics: Acceleration, DNA, Cancer
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Sep 10, 2015 Lev V. Beloussov, Ilya V. Volodyaev
texts
eye 89
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The aim of this essay is to review up to now scattered data related to the integration of activities of molecular machines into higher level events, providing macroscopic organization of living beings. According to the self-organization theory, one of the main instruments for such integration is enlarging of characteristic times, going as a rule, hand by hand with characteristic dimensions. We start from the “classical”, short-range mechanoelectrical protein machines emphasizing their...
Topics: Molecular machines, Self-organization, Characteristic times, Ultraweak photon emission, Fourier...
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Sep 10, 2015 Mileta Arakelyan, Hakob Kanoyan
texts
eye 65
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In the work, transmission of nerve impulses along nerve fibers is simulated. Research is being conducted in the framework of the electrical theory of propagation of the action potential. The soliton approach is used. The numerical experiment on the evolution of the nerve impulse and the laws of motion is conducted. It is shown that the stable form of nerve impulses solitons is realized under different initial conditions. The threshold character of occurrence of nerve pulse is simulated. It is...
Topics: Soliton, Nervous Pulse, Nonlinear, Korteweg De Vries Equation
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Sep 10, 2015 Daniel Doupa, Jean Luc Faye, Fatimata Mbaye, Sidy Ka, Ahmadou Dem, Mamadou Kane, Mbacké Sembène
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  While the studies linking the germ line mtDNA mutations to cancer raise many ambiguities because of its high genetic variability, the study of somatic mutations of this one, is proved to be decisive in the identifying of mutations involved in the genesis and evolution of tumors. In the present study, we determined the implication of the Cytochrome b mutations in the evolution of breast benign tumors among Senegalese women. This one is about, with the sequencing-PCR, to research mutations of...
Topics: Breast, Benign, Tumors, Cytochrome b, Variability, Evolution, Senegal
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The book “A Hand Book on Publication and Dissertation Writing for Science Students” was written primarily for students, who struggle to write their undergraduate and postgraduate thesis/dissertation with difficulties and who wish to publish their research work after graduation. The author tried to simplify the approaches involved in writing theses by organizing them in simple order, enumerating the common mistakes in thesis and publication writing. These general guidelines could help a...
Topics: General Structure, Writing, Manuscript
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Sep 6, 2015 Marian Apostol , Stelian Ilie , Aurel Petrut , Marcel Savu , Stefan Toba
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The present book reports upon the results of scientific and technical research conducted for five years, between 2009 and 2013, by a group of cca 10 scientists, engineers and technicians at MiraTechnologies, Bucharest, Romania, upon some devices of remote detection with rotating antenna. It is known that an important problem today in our society consists in combating the terrorist acts by detecting explosives or narcotics, as well as other illegal materials. Of course, a remote detection is the...
Topics: Statistical Tests, Body Electric, Electromagnetic Signal
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Sep 6, 2015 Abhishek Gupta , Timothy Stait-Gardner , Bahman Ghadirian , William S. Price , Michael Oluwaseun Dada , Omotayo Bamidele Awojoyogbe
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There can be few better examples of the complex and unanticipated interactions of basic research and technological innovation than the development of magnetic resonance imaging (NMR/MRI) techniques for multidisciplinary research. The method has the rather unusual and attractive features that it is totally non-destructive and non-invasive and for these reasons it has interesting applications in almost all fields of research. An ideal approach to exhaust the complex and unanticipated interactions...
Topics: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Theory, Dynamics
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Sep 6, 2015 Orudzheva Naila Hidayat , Babayev Maharram Pirverdi
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The soils profile and soil classification (in WRB) are given according to the irrigative soils genetic layers of the subtropik zone (arid, semiarid, humid-subhumid) in the presenting monograph. Besides this is a work of ferments activity ( invertaza, ureaza, phosphataza, catalaza, dehydrogenaza) under growing plants on the constant tillage and on crop rotation, biochemical process intensity (soil nitrification and ammonification ability, shattering intensity of carbon gas which is separated...
Topics: Morphogenetic Diagnostics, Classification, Irrigative Soils
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Sep 6, 2015 Said GACI , Olga HACHAY
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Nowadays, the decrease in the world oil/gas reserves is a major challenge for both energy producers and consumers. Therefore, an aggressive exploration and production strategies are highly requested to sustain the world energy production level. In this view, the aim of this book is to present the newest advances in Oil/Gas exploration, and to make wider audience of geoscientists aware of these developments.
Topics: Gas Reservoir, Hydrocarbon Strategy
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Sep 2, 2015 Dummu Tata Rao
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The farmers have been facing problems. They are maintaining to mostly food grains and also fiber. And other hand, this increased production will depend on natural resources. Mostly land is converted to fertile land to non-agricultural purposes. The land degradation from erosion, water logging, mining and Stalinization etc. The increasing agricultural production is most difficult in Asia where cropping intensity is already highest in the developing world. The yield increase is limited by poor...
Topics: Energy Growth, Sustainable Development and Natural Resources
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Sep 2, 2015 Wenceslao Parrilla-Martínez, Luis Manuel Guevara-Chumacero
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Comparing complete animal mitochondrial genome sequences is becoming increasingly common as a model for genome evolution and phylogenetic reconstruction. In the present work, we compare the complete mitochondrial genome sequences of five species of cetaceans and artiodactyls and infer phylogenetic relationships among them. The genome of the taxa contains the 37 genes found in a typical mammalian genome, a general structure that is highly-conserved among species. Phylogenetic trees constructed...
Topics: Cetartiodactyls, Mitogenomics, Base Composition, Phylogenetic Relationship
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Sep 2, 2015 Hiroaki Iwaki, Kengo Takada, Yoshie Hasegawa
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Phenolic compounds are widely distributed toxic pollutants in seawater, and their effective degradation is very important for bioremediation programs.  In this study, nine phenol-degrading bacteria were isolated from seawater samples, which were  collected  from the coastal areas of Japan.  Besides  the enrichment substrate phenol,  all isolates could utilize at least one isomer of cresol as the sole source of carbon. A 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that all strains were...
Topics: Phenol Degradation, Marine Bacteria, Multicomponent Phenol Hydroxylase, Catechol 2, 3-Dioxygenase,...
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Red Blood cells (Erythrocytes) have an inherited combination of proteins, glycol-proteins, and glycol-lipids on their surfaces. These function as antigens that enable our immune system to distinguish our own cells from foreign invaders. Part of the immune response is the production of globulins called antibodies to combat the invader. In blood typing, the antigens of Red Blood Cell surfaces are also called agglutinogens because they are partially responsible for Red Blood Cell agglutination in...
Topics: Dilla University, Ethnic Groups, Red Blood Cell, Rh-Negative Blood Groups, Rh-Positive Blood Group
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Sep 2, 2015 Daniel Azubuike Awomukwu, Bio Louis Nyananyo, Paula Spies, Bulelani Londoloza Sizani
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An extraction, purification, PCR amplification and sequencing of DNA from five species of Phyllanthus in Nigeria namely P. amarus Schum and Thonn, P. urinaria Linn., P. odontadenius Mull-Arg., P. niruroides Mull-Arg. and P. muellerianus (O. Ktze) Excel belonging to the family of Phyllanthaceae were carried out using nuclear ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS 4-5) genetic marker to identify unknown Phyllanthus species. The nuclear region revealed that the Phyllanthus species were able to...
Topics: Phyllanthus species, DNA Extraction, PCR Amplification, Nucleotide Sequences, Gen Bank, Bold...
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Sep 1, 2015 Sylvester Achio, Felix Kutsanedzie, Edmund Ameko
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This work captures the entire process of rice production, from pre-germination through germination to harvesting and post-harvest activities; as well as potential related hazards, which could occur to the workers on the rice field or to the environment and appropriate control measures to prevent these hazards. The authors explain how, when, where and why certain activities, methods and measures need to be taken. The rice rotation system and the various stages of the production line are...
Topic: Nutritional Values ,Land Preparation
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Sep 1, 2015 Dr. Dianne Ashworth
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Dedicated to Matthew who committed suicide when he was eighteen years old, this book focuses on youth development in contemporary life. The study investigates the relationship between young people’s personal development and their participation on a tall ship called the Leeuwin II in light of their everyday lives. Through these young people’s voices, who are referred to as trainees, they describe what benefits they experience and how and why they think this occurs. While what they say is not...
Topic: A Literature Review,Outdoor Adventure
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his book reflects experience of the author in war surgery as a Hot Topic nowadays including missile war injuries of the face. The face is the most important part of the body. The international war of terrorist in Iraq and Syria is acrimonious, because of thousands of innocent people died every month and it is our daily life. Not many people got the chance to be treated by expert surgeons. The author's experience is recognized worldwide in managements of these cases for primary care or secondary...
Topic: Missile War Injuries,Orbital Malignancies
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Sep 1, 2015 Johan Fellman
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Different skew models such as the lognormal and the Pareto have been proposed as suitable descriptions of the income distribution, but such specific distributions are usually applied in empirical investigations. For general studies more wide-ranging tools have been considered. The central and most commonly applied theory is connected to the Lorenz curve. Without any assumptions concerning specific distributions, this theory enables analyses of temporal and regional variations in the income...
Topic: Income Transformations,Taxation
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Sep 1, 2015 Mohd. Abdul Awal
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This book has attempted to understand the problems of chemical pollutions in natural resources and significance environmental and ecological adverse impacts on soil and water contaminations of Sundarbans natural forest resources to stress the largest natural mangrove ecosystems and habitats for wildlife mainly for the Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris) and spotted deers (Axis axis) and other numerous vertebrates and invertebrates within this most important ecosystems in the world. Sundarbans...
Topic: Sundarbans,Disasters of Natural Resources
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Early in the 20th Century, leading mathematicians found a link between Mendel’s Laws and Newton’s Binomial. This enabled multigenerational studies of entire populations. In this regard, K. Pearson in 1904 raised objections to Mendel’s predictions that the ‘pure’ (dominant and recessive) descendants of hybrid ancestors turn out to be incomplete assemblies when using the sum of fractions used by Mendel in his 1866 article “Experiments in Plant Hybridization”. This algorithm is...
Topics: Mendel’s Laws, Transmission of Inherited Characteristics, Mendel’s Fraction-Addition Method,...
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This hypothesis research work shows that the induction and the remanent phenomena of the magnetic properties govern the mechanism of the processes of DNA replication and the shortening of the telomere. The solenoid–like formation of each parental DNA strand, which exists at the initial stage of the replication process, enables an electric charge transformation through the strand to produce a magnetic field. The magnetic field, in turn, induces the surrounding medium to form a new (replicated)...
Topics: DNA Replication, Magnetic Properties, Residual Magnetization, Shortening of the Telomere
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Aug 31, 2015 Bernard Ycart, Frederic Pont, Jean-Jacques Fournie
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A methodology is proposed to automatically detect significant symbol associations in genomic databases. A new statistical test assesses the significance of a group of symbols when found in several genesets of a given database. To each pair of symbols, a p-value depending on the frequency of the two symbols and on the number of joint occurrences, is associated. All pairs with p-values below a certain threshold define a graph structure on the set of symbols. The cliques of that graph are...
Topics: Genomic Databases, Protein-Protein Interaction, Frequent Itemset Searching, P-Value Graph
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Aug 31, 2015 Badria F. Essammak, Mohammed J. Ashour, Fadel A. Sharif
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Hearing loss is a common, pan-ethnic and highly heterogeneous sensory disorder with an incidence of around 1 in 1000 infants. Genetic causes are thought to be responsible for more than 60% of the cases with the majority of non-syndromic hearing impairment being inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. The gene that is most frequently mutated in autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) is gap junction protein beta-2 (GJB2) which codes for connexin 26 (Cx26). Cx26 plays a key...
Topics: ARNSHL, Cx26, GJB2, Mutation, PCR-RFLP, Gaza Strip
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Aug 31, 2015 Advithi Rangaraju, Satyanarayana Matsa.Lova, Narasimhan Calambur, Pratibha Nallari
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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is an autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by thickening of the myocardium with a variable clinical course. Mutations in 14 sarcomeric genes have been implicated resulting in phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity. The phenotypic expression of HCM is not only determined by the sarcomeric gene mutations but the genetic predilection of an individual also account for the inter-individual variability and genes with such functional variants that affect phenotypic...
Topics: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Heat Shock Protein-70, Modifier Genes, Angiotensin Converting...
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Aug 29, 2015 Israel Patiño Galván,J. Jesús Ceja Pizano
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The incorporation of information systems for management control of public services in Mexico has been very limited, as there have been no studies necessary for incorporation. Coupled with the lack of will and researches, substantiate the technological incorporation. A pessimistic view of the prospects are for the incorporation of information systems, it is definitely in decline as progress and evolve away from the use of these information technologies, it seems wasteful in economic and human...
Topics: Municipality Public Services, Models Management Control
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The book is based on a new (original) theory which argues the possibility of a cold genesis of particles and of fundamental fields, in the Protouniverse’s period, by primordial gravistars, using the concept of sub-quantum fluid, explaining the elementary particle and the fundamental fields cold genesis with ideal unitary pre-quantum particle’ models of simple or composite chiral soliton type, formed at T→0K from confined “dark energy” in a cascade vortex process, according to the...
Topics: Field Effects Explaining, Proposed Experiments
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Aug 29, 2015 Mir Misbahuddin
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1. Why did I Decide to Write this Book?  I considered deeply who will be the reader before deciding to write this book. When you look at the Indian history of educational system, guardian sent his child to the teacher’s house (Gurugriho) for learning. Subsequently teacher shifted his class from the house to under a tree when the number of students increased. Later on, teaching was limited to textbook and brick-based face to face teaching at classroom. At present teaching contents are...
Topics: Risk Factors of Arsenicosis, Biomarkers of Arsenicosis
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Aug 29, 2015 Professor Raja Kummoona
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Jaw lymphoma and orofacial tumors are interesting topics from many points of view, clinical, pathological and managements. The book contains 9 chapters, first chapter deals with jaw lymphoma, a clinical-pathological entity, we discovered this disease during the seventeenth of the last century and our colloquies diagnosed it as Burkitt lymphoma, investigation carried out to prove this tumor was not a Burkitt lymphoma, based on clinical behavior, response to treatment and etiology and not...
Topics: Malignant Jaw Lymphoma, Tumors of Children, Tumors of the Orbit
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Aug 29, 2015 Dr Emmanuel Mador ,Christian Ogoegbunem Isichei
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This book on the aetiology of preeclampsia-eclampsia has been written keeping in mind the findings of scientists who have researched on the aetiology of this disease which is exclusive to human pregnancy. Research efforts on identifying the cause of preeclampsia have traditionally been focused on subjects that have manifested the disease. Our experience has shown that the culprit that triggers the disease returns to hiding as soon as the disease begins to manifest.  In this book care has been...
Topics: Genetic Code, Uric Acid & Preeclampsia, Fetal Biometrics
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Aug 28, 2015 Richard H. Asmah,Timothy Archampong,Charles A. Brown, Samuel B. Ntiamoah,Ebenezer K. Aidoo, Richard Gyasi, Edwin K. Wiredu
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Helicobacter pylori play an essential role in the pathogenesis of upper gastrointestinal disorders. The diagnostic role of the bacterium thus has been a subject of intense investigations. In this study we used an immune-chromatographic method and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect H. pylori in the saliva of patients with clinically diagnosed upper gastrointestinal disorders. Thirty such patients reporting to the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (Accra, Ghana) for upper gastrointestinal...
Topics: Helicobacter Pylori, Saliva, Polymerase Chain Reaction
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Aug 28, 2015 Salil N. Vaniawala,Pankaj K. Gadhia
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Presence of trisomy 19 in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) normally considered as secondary abnormality but trisomy 19 rarely occur as sole abnormality. In the present study a total of 2312 Ph positive CML were screened from year2004 to 2014 and we found 2 cases of trisomy 19 as sole karyotype abnormalities. Both karyotype showed 47,XY,t(9;22)(q34;q11.2),+19,complements. It is not known that which gene(s) present on chromosome 19 plays important role in development of this condition.
Topics: Trisomy 19, Sole Chromosome Abnormality, CML
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Aug 28, 2015 Nahid Askari,Amin Baghizadeh
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Identification of human disease genes can be accomplished by two strategies: functional cloning and positional cloning. Genetic mapping is the localization of genes underlying phenotypes on the basis of correlation with DNA variation, without the need for prior hypotheses about biological function and the simplest form, called linkage analysis. The ability to clone and sequence DNA made it possible to tie genetic linkage maps in model organisms to the underlying DNA sequence. In conclusion...
Topics: Human Disease Genes, Functional Cloning, Positional Cloning, Genetic Mapping, Mendelian Trait,...
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Aug 28, 2015 Ranjith Kumavath,Swaraj Prasad,Pratap Devarapalli,Debmalya Barh
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Background: Globally, respiratory diseases cause an estimated 1.9 million deaths per year. One of the most important aetiological organisms of both adult and childhood respiratory disease is Non-Typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi). NTHi is frequently isolated from the respiratory tract during episodes of sinusitis, Otitis Media and pneumonia and is the most common cause of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and bronchiectasis exacerbations. Methods: The work has been effectively...
Topics: NTHi (Non-Typeable H. Influenzae), NP (Non-Typeable), DEG (Database of Essential Genes), Rd (Rough...
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Aug 28, 2015 Barbara Picone,Alan Christoffels
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African primates remain an unexplored source of information required to complete the origin and evolution of many human pathogens. Current studies have shown the importance of several receptor human genes implicated in host resistance or susceptibility to tuberculosis. The validation of these genes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection makes them an excellent model system to investigate the mode of selective pressures that may act on pathogen defense genes. To trace the evolutionary history...
Topics: Receptor Genes, Tuberculosis, Phylogeny, Non-Human Primates, Adaptive Evolution
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Aug 27, 2015 Prof. Parashar
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This album is a collection of vast magnitude of pathological conditions, which I have encountered in my practice in the early part of my career. Severity of the conditions is obvious in the pictures, making their management extremely challenging and at times very difficult and frustrating. Many of these pictures are spot diagnosis; hence they are included in this album. A brief description and diagnosis for pictures is included where necessary. Most of this information was recorded at the back...
Topics: Skin, Scalp and Face, Oral Cavity
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Aug 27, 2015 Mykhailo Vinichuk ,Klas Rosén
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This study focuses on the distribution of radiocesium ( 137 Cs) and selected metals in soil fractions and soil fungi of boreal forest ecosystems. The accumulation of selected metals in soil fractions: bulk soil, rhizosphere, soil-root interface and fungal mycelium and sporocarps of mycorrhizal fungi were compared in a Swedish forest. Special attention is given to radiocesium released into the environment as a result of nuclear weapons testing and the Chernobyl accident in 1986, and alkali...
Topics: Study Area, Design, and Methods, Alkali Earth Metals Ca and Sr
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Food Science represents the application of the basic sciences, biotechnology, and engineering to the production, processing, packaging, distribution, and evaluation of foods. Food science and food technology complement production agriculture by developing methods that minimize waste and improve the quality, utility, safety, attractiveness, and shelf life of foods. Food scientists strive to improve the efficiency of food processing while ensuring high quality, nutritious, safe and convenient...
Topics: Traditionally Fermented African Foods, Use of Biotechnology
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Aug 27, 2015 Assistance Professor Mohamed M. M. Elfituri
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Whenever size, power, or other constraints preclude the use of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, wireless systems cannot benefit from the well- known advantages of space-time coding (STC) methods. Also the complexity (multiple radio-frequency (RF) front ends at both the transmitter and the receiver), channel estimation, and spatial correlation in centralized MIMO systems degrade the performance. In situations like these, the alternative would be to resort to cooperative...
Topics: Wireless Systems, Cooperative Systems
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We often hear about the merits of Japanese food, but the books which were written about them from the scientific aspects were rarely published. This book introduces the scientific basis of why Japanese food is a source of health and longevity. Readers can know how to produce traditional Japanese foods and also learn the bases of modern life science and biotechnology together with food science. For those who are not familiar with Japan, this book also introduces Japanese culture concerned with...
Topics: Japanese Vinegar, ‘Koji’
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Aug 26, 2015
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Emily Scott Favorites
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Aug 26, 2015 Glazko, Valeriy,Zybaylov, Boris,Glazko, Tatiana
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Background. Pressure on modern agriculture to increase production is rising with the increase in human population. To meet this demand it is important to effectively manage domesticated species. However, genetic mechanisms and genomic targets of domestication are still poorly understood. It is well known that phenotypic variability in domesticated animals is higher compared to the variability in the closest wild relatives. Indeed, there are many breeds clearly distinguishable from each other by...
Topics: International Journal of Genetics and Genomics:Allele Distribution, Genetic Variability, Inverted...
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Aug 26, 2015 Oscar Nnaemeka Obidiegwu,Heiko Parzies, Jude Ejikeme Obidiegwu
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Finger millet (E. coracana (L.) Gaertn.) provides food for millions of people in Africa and Asia. In this study, sequence data were mined at the database of National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) with the aim of developing polymorphic expressed sequence tags simple sequence repeat (EST-SSRs) markers. Three selected markers which showed clear polymorphism in pre-testing with 5 accessions were used to characterize some randomly selected 48 accessions from the pool of finger millet...
Topics: International Journal of Genetics and Genomics:EST-SSRs, Finger Millet (E. Coracana (L.) Gaertn.),...
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Aug 26, 2015 Rubaiyat Sharmin Sultana,Md. Mahabubur Rahman
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As fleshy fruits, two major melon genera are widely produced and consumed, including the watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai] and muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). As different cultivars, cultivated them according to consumer and grower’s choice, and market conditions (i.e. seedless varieties, good shelf life, etc.). China is the world’s largest producer of melons, accounted for over 52% production by weight. In the past, melons considered to be a ‘seasonal delight’...
Topics: International Journal of Genetics and Genomics:Biotechnology, Climatic Change, Muskmelon,...
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Aug 26, 2015 Anna Boyajyan,Ani Stepanyan, Diana Avetyan,Hovsep Ghazaryan,Sofi Atshemyan, Roksana Zakharyan,Kristina Pirumyan,Gohar Tsakanova
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Epidemiologic, clinical and experimental data indicates that a majority of brain disorders including schizophrenia (SCZ), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and ischemic stroke (IS) are multifactorial disorders with strong and complex genetic component. Identification of all genetic variations associated with these disorders may sufficiently contribute to understanding of their basic pathomechanisms and encourage development of new innovative approaches to their early diagnosis and...
Topics: International Journal of Genetics and Genomics:Schizophrenia, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder,...
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Aug 26, 2015 Zhao Jing, Madolo Nkosikhona,Lv Wenfa,M.J. Bringans, Wang Quankai
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The Embryo transfer has been commercially recognized reproductive technique in the world. The study was conducted at a Jiutai local breeding deer farm in China. The breeding protocol was developed for embryo transfer in sika deer to be implemented at farm levels and under wild conditions. Success rates of the technique was measured through indicators like number of follicles developed as a result of a specific treatment protocol, super ovulation rates, and quality of embryos. The male sika deer...
Topics: International Journal of Genetics and Genomics:Embryo Transfer, Super Ovulation, Cryopreservation,...
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Aug 25, 2015 Arash Kashani,Aduli Enoch Othniel Malau-Aduli
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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) as a scientific invention, has revolutionized molecular biology and led to real-time PCR and later, real-time reverse transcription PCR (Real-Time RT-PCR). These two techniques enable scientists to conduct PCR detection of amplified gene products and expression analysis of targeted genes. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), also called real-time polymerase chain reaction, is a recent modification to PCR that utilizes fluorescent reporter molecular...
Topics: PCR, Real-Time PCR, Real-Time RT-PCR, Gene Expression
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Aug 25, 2015 Arash Kashani,Aduli Enoch Othniel Malau-Aduli
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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) as a scientific invention, has revolutionized molecular biology and led to real-time PCR and later, real-time reverse transcription PCR (Real-Time RT-PCR). These two techniques enable scientists to conduct PCR detection of amplified gene products and expression analysis of targeted genes. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), also called real-time polymerase chain reaction, is a recent modification to PCR that utilizes fluorescent reporter molecular...
Topics: International Journal of Genetics and Genomics:PCR, Real-Time PCR, Real-Time RT-PCR, Gene Expression
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Aug 25, 2015 Abdulrahman Mahmoud Dogara,Salisu Muhammad Tahir,Idris Shehu,Mustapha Abbah
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A study on the photoperiodic control of flower in rice is advancing and rice has become an example of short day plant. Many genes used in flowering time determination in rice have been identified by many methods. The conclusion from these molecular studies is a remarkable conservation of genes which play an important role in the control of flowering time in rice. The rice photoperiod sensitivity gene Hd3a was originally detected as a heading date related quantitative trait locus found on...
Topics: International Journal of Genetics and Genomics:Photoperiod, Heading Date, Short Day Plant, Long Day...
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Aug 25, 2015 Bibhas Kar,Sivamani Subbiah
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The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a powerful model organism for the study of vertebrate biology, being well suited to both developmental and genetic analysis. More recently, the rapid progress of various zebrafish genomics infrastructure initiatives is facilitating the development of zebrafish models of human disease. Genome organization and the pathways involved into control of signal transduction appear to be highly conserved between zebrafish and humans and therefore zebrafish may be used for...
Topics: International Journal of Genetics and Genomics:Zebrafish, Genetics, Development, Human Diseases
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Coffee possesses normal sexual propagation behaviour and exhibits various characters in a large population. The work on the extent of variation is very limited and not well understood. In this context a study was undertaken during 2008-2011 to study the monohybrid segregation pattern in F2 population of C. arabica cv. ‘Cauvery’x (C. congensis x C. canephora var. robusta) established at Coffee Research Sub Station, Chettalli, Kodagu District, Karnataka in the year 2002. The results revealed...
Topic: International Journal of Genetics and Genomics