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Jul 14, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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In the continuing saga on amendments to the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) made public the draft Islands Protection Zone (IPZ) Notification, applicable to the Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep Islands. This paper contains our concerns related to this proposed Notification, highlights the need to make the CRZ Notification even stronger and ensure tourism is regulated in the fragile island ecosystems. Publisher: Equitable Tourism...
Topics: Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, CRZ, Ministry of Environment and Forest, MoEF, Islands...
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Jun 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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EQUATIONS was invited by the Member Planning Commission Mr Arun Maira in November 2009 to write about our vision for tourism for India. This came about after a series of discussions with him about our concerns related to tourism development in India and how the Planning Process of the Five Year plans should take these into account. Being one of the few critical voices on tourism in the global south, we have often had to focus on tourism’s negative impacts – in policy and in practise. This...
Topics: Planning Commission, Ministry of Tourism, Equitable, Sustainable, Democratic, People Centred...
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May 7, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The rapid growth of tourism is not just an economic boon for the tourism destinations; it often produces negative socio-cultural impacts for the communities in these destinations. Intensive lobbying and advocacy by civil society groups working on the rights of the child and child protection, resulted in the Goa Childrenâs Act 2003 in the state of Goa. This was the first legislation in India that recognized exploitation of children in tourism and deals with the protection of children from...
Topics: Child, Children, Exploitation, Trafficking, Protection, Tourism, Goa, Act, EQUATIONS
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May 7, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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One of the strongest political responses to the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) has come from local governments and municipalities across the world. The fact that under the GATS, international legal agreements override local government policies triggered these responses. In India, as in many other countries few bureaucrats and trade negotiators who did not take into cognizance the views of their local governments negotiated the agreements under GATS. Many of the clauses in the...
Topics: GATS Free Zones, General Agreement Trade Services, local, global, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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May 7, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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A particularly ugly and alarming face of tourism is the growing nexus between tourism, trafficking and child sexual exploitation. Poor tourism planning leads to displacement of communities and loss of traditional livelihoods. This pushes children into tourism-linked work like selling trinkets and services and working in small eateries. The gap between tourists and local communities and the celebration of consumerism that tourism is mostly about, defines these gaps more sharply. The increased...
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Topics: Sexual Exploitation, Trafficking, Children, Tourism, EQUATIONS
Community Texts
May 7, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India, issued a notification amending the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 on 1st August 2006. The Amendment makes the employment of children below 14 years as domestic servants or in the hospitality sector a punishable offence. This paper provides a review of the Amendment and its objective. Although supporting the Amendment, EQUATIONS raises concerns on inadequate rehabilitation mechanisms for children and the lack of...
Topics: Child, Labour, Tourism, Prohibition, EQUATIONS
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May 7, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The World Trade Organization (WTO) is a fertile ground for controversial trade agreements that push for opening up of a member nationâs markets. This has had disastrous effects on developing country economies. The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) of the WTO aims at the deregulation of international markets in Services like education, health, energy, water distribution, culture, environment and tourism. One of the concerns with the GATS is the implications of its negotiating...
Topics: Tourism, GATS, Livelihood, EQUATIONS, Globalisation, Governance, Grassroots
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May 7, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Rural Tourism is growing in terms of number of visitors and the Government of India focuses on it as an engine of growth. We believe that any rural tourism development plan needs to focus on sustainable development and take into account the priorities and needs of local people. This paper emphasizes the need for sustainable forms of tourism by outlining the possible socio-economic, cultural and environmental impacts of current forms of Rural Tourism. The paper first explores the meaning of...
Topics: Rural, Sustainable, Tourism, India, EQUATIONS
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May 7, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Tourism, in its current forms, is being developed and promoted in violation of the basic tenets of democratic decision-making. The extent of adverse impacts that unchecked tourism has brought to communities and the environment in India is worrisome. With the Right To Information (RTI) Act, you can now question your government, at the Panchayat, State and Central level, on why and how plans are made and implemented. You can find out who is investing in the tourism projects in your area or...
Topics: Right To Information, RTI, Tourism, Governance, EQUATIONS
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May 5, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Child Labour is a complex social issue. According to the International Labour Organisation's (ILO) Global Report 2006, it affects the lives of 218 million children. India has the distinction of the largest number of working children in the world today. Indian official statistics speak about almost 13 million children, but unofficial estimates vary between 60 and 100 million children. In India, as in the world over, tourism is one more realm that pulls in a significant number of children as...
Topics: Child Labour, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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May 5, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The Asian Development Bank promoted South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) focuses on enabling regional cooperation in 6 sectors: energy and power, transportation, tourism, environment, trade and investment and private sector participation. This initiative involves four countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal. In India, it covers 13 states of which 7 are the NorthEast states. Through this paper we present why we believe the SASEC Tourism Development Plan is fundamentally...
Topics: ADB, Asian Development Bank, SASEC, Northeast, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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May 5, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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In 1950, the top 15 destinations of the world absorbed 88% of international arrivals, in 1970 this proportion dipped to 75% and even further to 57% in 2005, reflecting the emergence of new destinations, many of them in developing countries. In this context, this paper explores what this growth has meant for women âparticularly for women in destinations of the global south. To what extent do they benefit from this phenomenon? Has tourism opened doors for women? Has its unstoppable growth...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Women, EQUATIONS
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May 5, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This paper covers the impacts that tourism has had on the Vembanad Lake, the communities living around it and the impact on their livelihood. Vembanad Lake covers an area of 200 km² and is the largest lake in Kerala. Alappuzha, Kottayam, and Ernakulam districts border it. The development of tourism in Vembanad Lake could be attributed to the Nehru Trophy Boat Race held on the Punnamda Lake, near Alappuzha every year. Now the lake attracts more than a hundred thousand tourists a year. This...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Vembanad, Alapuzzha, Kottayam, Women Trafficking, EQUATIONS
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May 5, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The Tourist Welcomed – The Adivasi Exiled reflects on tourism’s impacts on indigenous communities in India. Using numerous cases and examples the paper illustrates the commodification of indigenous communities and their culture, the usurpation of their lands and the exploitation of their livelihood resources for tourism. While this benefits mass commercial tourism, the paper also explores cases and models of tourism that has benefited indigenous communities. The paper then moves to...
Topics: Rural Tourism Impacts, EQUATIONS
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May 5, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority made the Master Plan for Hampi Local Planning Area (2006). This Plan prepared under the provisions of the Karnataka Town and Country Planning Act, 1961, aims to regulate and guide development activities in the planning area. The Plan attempts to understand the heritage area of Hampi and envisages the protection of the historic urban fabric, hillocks, water bodies, forests and prohibited areas. In our critique, we highlight areas where lack of...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Hampi, EQUATIONS
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May 5, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The Kerala Tourism (Conservation and Preservation of Areas) Act 2005 declares certain areas of the state as Special Tourism Zones (STZs) and details the method of developing those areas. In this paper, we have critiqued the Act and the reasons why we believe the State Legislators, the State Planning Commission, members of Local Self Governing bodies and the Tourism Department should call for a renewed debate and amendment of the Act. Some of the concerns with the Act in its present state are:...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Kerala, Tourism Act, STZ, Special Tourism Zone, EQUATIONS
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May 5, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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In India, like in many other parts of the developing world, tourism is viewed and promoted as a development paradigm and a sustainable growth option. However, along with the growth in tourism, concerns about the adverse impacts of tourism are also growing. In this context, there is the need to increase responsibility in tourism. Parameters of responsibility in tourism should address tourism holistically, keeping in mind its economic, environmental, social and cultural aspects and the...
Topics: Tourism, EQUATIONS, Economic, Environmental, Social, Cultural, Impacts
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May 5, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) made Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for development projects mandatory in India in 1994. But the Ministry on 14th September 2006 brought out a new Notification which significantly changed the approach to EIA in India. Several points of contention with the EIA Notification of 1994 continue to remain unaddressed in the EIA Notification of 2006. But the biggest blow is what seems the removal of tourism related projects from requiring...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, EQUATIONS, MoEF, EIA Notification, Environment Impact Assessment
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The Government of India (Ministry of Tourism) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) are implementing the Endogenous Tourism Project - Rural Tourism Scheme across 36 sites in the country, to set up alternative models of tourism which would serve to create sustainable livelihood opportunities among low-income communities living in rural areas (2005-2009). EQUATIONS was commissioned by UNDP to document and review the various processes and learnings from this scheme in order to strengthen...
Topics: Ministry of Tourism (MoT), India, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Rural Tourism,...
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Ministry of Tourism, Government of India and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in India have been involved in an initiative on Rural Tourism. Covering 36 sites spread geographically over the country, these pilot project experiences had much to offer in terms of learning about the intersection between community dynamics and tourism projects. A review of the project commissioned by UNDP in 2008 set EQUATIONS on a journey of exploring the issues and learnings derived from these pilot...
Topics: Ministry of Tourism (MoT), India, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Rural Tourism,...
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In July 2007, Centre for Responsible Tourism (CRT) took birth when Caritas-Goa and the Council for Social Justice and Peace (CSJP) convened a group of over forty concerned Goans under the Archdiocese of Goa to examine how the church must respond to the fallouts of tourism, reverse the impacts, bring it a human face and enable the benefits of tourism to reach local communities. CRT affirmed the need to study tourism planning and management and how it be effectively brought under community...
Topics: Repsonsible Tourism, Goa, India, Alternatives-Badayl, Caritas-Goa, CSJP, EQUATIONS
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May 5, 2010
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In 2008, the Philosophy Department of Rachol Seminary, Goa, organized a three-day seminar on âimpact assessment of tourismâ for their second-year students. To understand tourism impacts better, some of the seminarians undertook a field research. At that time, Israeli tourists were a prominent foreign tourist group in Goa and there were growing tensions between Israeli tourists and local people. The Rachol seminarians were keen to study these tensions, activities and behaviour of Israeli...
Topics: Tourists, Goa, India, Tourism
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May 4, 2010 Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Ecotourism is actively promoted by a large variety of governmental and non-governmental actors, as the new and innovative way to finance the conservation of forests and other ecosystems. In India, ecotourism is convenient because it becomes a lucrative way to speak the conservation language. This paper questions whether ecotourism is actually leading to conservation. Categorised as a market-based conservation scheme, the paper shows how incentives are geared to promote only tourism and not...
Topics: Ecotourism, India Policies, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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May 4, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Globally, enclavisation in tourism arose from the need to create exclusive centres of tourism that are safe investments and that which ensures a steady flow of income across all seasons. But, studies show that the intense resource usage by tourism establishments, the resultant environmental pollution, widened income inequalities, displacement of people and socio-cultural effects are some of the adverse impacts associated with tourism enclaves around the world. Economically, these enclaves end...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Enclavisation, STZ, Special Tourism Zone, SEZ, Special Economic Zone, NTAC,...
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May 4, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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To compete with other States and upcoming destinations of South and South East Asia, the Goa Tourism 10 Year Master Plan evolved in 2001. The objectives listed in the plan focuses on increasing economic growth of Goa through the tourism industry; mainly dispersing tourist attractions from coast to hinterland, diversification of tourism products, development of infrastructure and promotion of tourism. None of the objectives in the Master Plan talks about minimizing the adverse economic, social...
Topics: Tourism, EQUATIONS, Critique, Tourism Master Plan, Goa
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May 4, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This edition of Documentation Update compiles articles on tourism development and its impacts from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Books, Website and online List Serves from April 2005 to March 2006. The articles are indicative of trends and developments in tourism and issues concerning tourism impacts, especially for India. The articles are segregated according to the sections and sub-sections of our classification code. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS) Contact:...
Topics: Documentation Update, Tourism, Impacts, News Articles, Opinions Views, Coverage Development India,...
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May 4, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This edition of Documentation Update compiles articles on tourism development and its impacts from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Books, Website and online List Serves between January and September 2004. The articles are indicative of trends and developments in tourism and issues concerning tourism impacts, especially for India. The articles are segregated according to the sections and sub-sections of our classification code. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS) Contact:...
Topics: Documentation Update, Tourism, Impacts, News Articles, Opinions, Views, Coverage, Development,...
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May 4, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The passing of the 73rd and 74th Amendment to the Indian Constitution on 24th April 1993 is considered a landmark in the history of participatory democracy and conferred much needed powers to Local Self Governance Institutions (LSGIs).Tourism is usually presented as a growth engine for economic and social development. Unfortunately, tourism development provides offers many examples of marginalisation of local community needs and aspirations and the overriding of rights of local bodies. Tourism...
Topics: Local Self Governance, Institutions, LSGIs, General Agreement on Trade in Services. GATS, 73rd...
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May 4, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Investors Meets are key spaces for engagement between potential investors and state governments. Karnatakaâs three coastal districts; Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Uttara Kannada are being positioned as the countryâs most sought after business destinations. Around two years back, Karnataka as a potential for investment was showcased at the Global Investors Meet (GIM) in Kerala. As a follow-up to the feedback received, the State Government replicated this mega investment exercise exclusively for...
Topics: Karnataka, Coastal, Investors Meet, Global Investors Meet, Dakshina Kannada, Udupi, Uttara Kannada,...
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May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Tourism development is continuous but the complexity and questions posed remain the same. The complexity arises out of the presence of multiple stakeholders both public and private, - the state machinery, hotel industry, tour operators, local community, local administrative body, traders and entrepreneurs. The questions posed centre around issues of ownership and governance, sustainability, sharing of profits, power relations and sharing at local, state and national levels. This publication...
Topics: Kerala Tourism, Equitable, Sustainable, Development, Tourism Policies, Legislations, Principles,...
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May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This dossier hopes to bridge the information gap and initiate a broader and intense discussion on tourism issues in Tamil Nadu. It provides a detailed look into tourism activities and developments in Tamil Nadu and the thrust is to identify and reveal tourism policies and related issues. We have also included material that is not purely tourism related to show the inter-linkages of tourism with the larger ambit of âdevelopmentâ. The dossier is divided into 8 main chapters. Each of these...
Topics: Tamil Nadu, Tourism Development Policy, Tourism Activities, Issues, EQUATIONS
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May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This edition of Documentation Update compiles articles from Newspapers, Newsletters and Magazines in the year 2001. The compilation traces tourism development and impacts with the primary focus being India. The articles are segregated according to the sections and sub-sections of our classification code. During the year 2001, tourism development has seen a lot of change. Change ranges from the preparation of draft policies by the Tourism and Civil Aviation Ministries, disinvestment of hotels...
Topics: Documentation Update, Tourism Impacts, News Articles, Opinions, Views, Coverage, Development,...
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May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This edition of Documentation Update compiles articles on tourism development and its impacts from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Books, Website and online List Serves. The period for which the articles are compiled is July to December 2003. The articles are indicative of trends and developments in tourism and issues concerning tourism impacts, especially for India. The articles are segregated according to the sections and sub-sections of our classification code. Publisher: Equitable Tourism...
Topics: Documentation Update, Tourism Impacts, News Articles, Opinions, Views, Coverage, Development,...
Community Texts
May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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In 2002, EQUATIONS studied the impacts of tourism on two specific coastal stretches in Goa, a popular international tourist designation on the western coast of India. This study aims at understanding how international trade agreements such as the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) intersect with the development priorities and possibilities that tourism claims. Goa, and the specific stretches in North Goa, was chosen both for the significant rise in tourism that it has seen and the...
Topics: General Agreement on Trade in Services, GATS, Development, India, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The World Trade Organisation (WTO) the successor to the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT) came into existence in January 1995 after the Uruguay Round of the GATT. Since its establishment, series of Ministerial meetings starting with Singapore (1996), Geneva (1998), Seattle (1999) and Doha (2001) have been instrumental in setting the broad agenda for the process of permanent negotiations. These negotiations sets up legally enforceable commercial rules for international trade in...
Topics: World Trade Organisation, WTO, General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs, GATT, General Agreement on...
Community Texts
May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The changes in the land use pattern, increase in commodity prices, and decrease in availability of traditional job opportunities due to tourism development affect men and women differently. Further, market forces have increased the atrocities on women without producing enough opportunities for better status, employment, income, education, training and health. Tourism development has fuelled another dimension of abuse âsex tourismâ.This dossier is a compilation of articles - from the idea of...
Topics: Women, Tourism, Sex Tourism, Impacts, Empowerment, Commoditisation, Commercialisation, Markets,...
Community Texts
May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Ecotourism is actively promoted by a large variety of governmental and non-governmental actors, as the new and innovative way to finance the conservation of forests and other ecosystems. In India, ecotourism is convenient because it becomes a lucrative way to speak the conservation language. This paper questions whether ecotourism is actually leading to conservation. Categorised as a market-based conservation scheme, the paper shows how incentives are geared to promote only tourism and not...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Ecotourism, EQUATIONS
Community Texts
May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The Kerala Ayurveda Health Centres (Issue of License and Control) Bill 2007 aims to regulate the issue of licences to Ayurveda Health Centres in the state and to control their functions. This paper is a section-by-section comment on the Bill. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS) Contact: info@equitabletourism.org, +91.80.25457607 Visit: www.equitabletourism.org, www.equitabletourism.org/stage/readfull.php?AID=406
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Kerala, Ayurveda, STZ, Special Tourism Zone, EQUATIONS
Community Texts
May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Very few attempts are made to examine the experience and role of women in tourism. The larger debate on tourism impacts on women is still limited to women being portrayed as sex objects or sex work. It is seen that âhostâ communities in Indian tourism destinations are not consulted when their resources are coveted for tourism development. This deprivation of land, water and access to public places exerts pressure on women in these communities the most. Inflated prices of goods due to direct...
Topics: Women, Tourism, India, Commercialization, Commodification, Development, EQUATIONS, Sex tourism
Community Texts
May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The emerging world trade system under the World Trade Organization (WTO-OMC) provides a challenge to the tourism-critical groups and organisations. For the first time, trade in services, including tourism, has been subjected to the policies of free trade doctrine through the adoption of General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Tourism Watch and EQUATIONS initiated this study [RV] to analyse the consequences for tourism in developing countries[RV] .This would help in evolving the...
Topics: General Agreement on Trade in Services, GATS, World Trade Organization, WTO-OMC, UN Commission on...
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May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification 1991 is the most significant and specialized legislation guiding developmental activities along the coast and in islands. Since its inception, it has been amended 20 times, each time diluting its provisions further. In an unwarranted move, the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) proposed to replace the CRZ Notification with a Coastal Management Zone (CMZ) Notification based on recommendations of the Swaminathan Committee Report. Many doubts...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, CRZ, Coastal Regulation Zone, MoEF, EQUATIONS
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May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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India has the distinction of the largest number of working children in the world today. Indian official statistics speak about 13 million children, but unofficial estimates vary between 60 and 100 million children. In the tourism sector, millions of children around the country are trapped in a world of work. Many of them are at risk from hazardous and exploitative labour and denied their basic and fundamental right to education, health and childhood. This paper looks at the reasons why children...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Child Labour, Exploitation, UNWTO, EQUATIONS
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May 3, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Similar to other state tourism policies in India, Chattisgarh governmentâs policy primarily focuses on tourism promotion. The vision of the policy to generate employment, produce social and communal harmony through tourism development and to ensure holistic tourism is laudable. But how this will be achieved is not clear. The policy also states the key focus area of the government to be infrastructure and institutional development, tourism product development and marketing. There is a heavy...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, EQUATIONS, Chattisgarh, Tourism Policy
Community Texts
Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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How many more of our children will we watch being destroyed for the pleasure and entertainment of adults, who go scot-free? Child exploitation in tourism is an organised and serious crime and it is growing. It demands committed and concerted action. Research, studies, investigations and police cases unearths that child sexual exploitation is a rampant crime in India and tourism is guilty. This paper reports on the growing concerns, the myths around child sexual exploitation, history of abuse...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Child Sexual Exploitation, Paedophilia, EQUATIONS
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Tourism throughout the world is promoted as a means to achieving development, and India is no exception. But the question is development for whom? Who are the winners and the losers? And at what cost? The Indian government touts tourism as a tool for poverty alleviation, sustainable development, and social stability. In reality, tourism rarely alleviates socio-economic inequalities and injustices. When combining already sensitive âconflictâ zones with tourism development, it is likely that...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Conflict, Sustainable, Equitable Development, EQUATIONS
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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It is bad economic policy to rely too much on tourism! Many stakeholders and sections of the Andaman & Nicobar administration hope that tourism will become the pillar of the islandsâ economy. Firstly, a sound economic analysis of the current and likely economic impact of tourism is necessary. Secondly, taking cognisance of tourismâs vulnerability to internal and external factors and the ecological and geological vulnerability of the islands, such dependence is inadvisable. This paper...
Topic: Tourism Impacts Andaman Nicobar Islands Tourism Policy EQUATIONS
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The Indian forests are home to around 100 million people and provide sustenance to them. The paper traces the impacts of Indian forest polices, legislations on rights of communities and its links to conservation in the pre- colonial and post independent India. Within the existing framework of national forest laws, the paper puts the rights of the communities into perspective with international policies including Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD). It discusses...
Topics: Forest Rights, Forest Rights ACT, Reduced Emission from Degradation and Deforestation REDD, Forest...
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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It is bad economic policy to rely too much on tourism! Many stakeholders and sections of the Andaman & Nicobar administration hope that tourism will become the pillar of the islandsâ economy. Firstly, a sound economic analysis of the current and likely economic impact of tourism is necessary. Secondly, taking cognisance of tourismâs vulnerability to internal and external factors and the ecological and geological vulnerability of the islands, such dependence is inadvisable. This paper...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tourism, Policy, EQUATIONS
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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In the quest for sustainable tourism, many terminologies and products such as Nature Tourism, Ecotourism and Wildlife Tourism have emerged. This paper examines their various definitions. It enumerates the various laws, policies, regulatory frameworks, impact assessment methods and administrative arrangements around such nature based tourism and examines the extent to which these are practised. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS) Contact: info@equitabletourism.org, +91.80.25457607...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Sustainable Ecotourism, Wildlife tourism, Nature tourism, Law, Policy, Framework,...
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The Central Government move to build national capacity for implementation of the new Integrated Management Approach for Indiaâs coastal zones and piloting the Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Approach in the three states of Gujarat, Orissa and West Bengal is dubious. The draft Coastal Management Zone (CMZ) Notification lapsed in 2009. The concept of Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan was mooted in the draft CMZ Notification. Civil society groups have raised concerns on the CMZ...
Topics: Coasts, Coastal Management Zone (CMZ) Notification, Coastal regulation zone, notification CRZ,...
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The paper shares information on canopy tourism initiatives in India. These tourism initiatives have been analysed from the perspective of peopleâs participation in decision making, project planning and implementation and their contribution to conservation. Case studies on the canopy tourism initiatives in Kerala âElevated walkways in Thenmala and Tree houses in Waynad, provide an insight into this emerging form of tourism. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS) Contact:...
Topics: Canopy tourism, ecotourism, elevated walk ways, conservation, community participation, resorts,...
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Public Opinion is on the rise about child sexual exploitation by tourists in India. The focus has often been on the girl child, and much less has been done to study and protect male children from abuse. This briefing sheet provides a short overview of the pertinent features captured in our publication âUnholy Nexus - Male Child Sexual Exploitation in Pilgrim Tourism Sites in India: Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Orissaâ. The entire publication is available on our website under âPublicationsâ....
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Child Sexual Exploitation, Paedophilia, Pilgrim Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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In December 2007, the government tabled the Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill (2007) and the Land Acquisition (Amendment) Bill (2007). According to the official note of the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, both the Bills are an attempt to give statutory backing and amend the provisions of The National Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy (2007) and The Land Acquisition Act (1894) and to strike a balance between statutorily acquiring land for development and protecting the interests of...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Community Rehabilitation, Resettlement, Land Acquisition, EQUATIONS
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The promotional slogans and developmental promises around tourism facilitates assault on our natural resources and cultural heritage and puts at risk the principles of equity, sovereignty and democratic principles enshrined in the Constitution of India. This paper examines through numerous case studies how under the bandwagon of tourism development public property is being pillaged for private profits. It also indicates the collusion of policy makers and governments in this process. Publisher:...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Governance, Equitable, EQUATIONS
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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According to the International Labour Organisation's (ILO) Global Report 2006, it affects the lives of 218 million children. India has the distinction of the largest number of working children in the world today. Indian official statistics speak about almost 13 million children, but unofficial estimates vary between 60 and 100 million children. In India, as in the world over, tourism is one more realm that pulls in a significant number of children as child labour. This paper links tourism to...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Child Labour, EQUATIONS
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Does policy and practise of responsibility in tourism differ in terms of what is stated and what happens on the ground? Is responsible tourism yet another buzzword or are there paradigm shifts in the way tourism planners, policy makers and the industry understand tourismâs role, and wish to position it. Going beyond the âfeel goodâ power point presentations, it is important to face the ingredients and promises of responsible tourism and what it really hopes to deliver. The paper also...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Sustainable Ecotourism, Wildlife tourism, Nature tourism, Law, Policy, Framework,...
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Tourism policies focus on the growth and promotion of tourism and hardly acknowledge the negative fallouts of tourism development. In developing countries, tourism development without responsibility and protective measures has led to sexual exploitation of children in the form of child trafficking, child prostitution, pornography, child sex tourism and an increase in child labour. Through examples of the cases of paedophiles, statistics and research studies, the paper highlights the severity of...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Child Exploitation, Labour, Paedophilia, EQUATIONS
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Apr 30, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Most of the concerns raised by us with the Planning Commission documented in âComments on the XI Five Year Planâs Tourism Reportâ, April 2007, of the Working Group Report on Tourism and the Steering Committee Report on Tourism have not been considered. In this paper, we critique the final Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007 - 2012), Volume III, Services - 'Tourism Sector' as released by the Planning Commission. We continue to appeal to the Planning Commission to consider an approach that is more...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Planning Commission, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This presentation (in two parts) is about the research study that EQUATIONS conducted in 2008-09 with the support of ECPAT International on male child abuse in well known pilgrim sites in India - Puri in Orissa, Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh and Guruvayoor in Kerala. It describes the need for the study, its methodology and findings and calls for urgent action, legal and protection mechanisms by various stakeholders to ensure that children are not exploited. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options...
Topics: Male Child Abuse, Pilgrim Sites, India, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This report is of an introductory study by a team of activist â academics based in Goa which was done in July-October 1993, as a prelude to a larger project conceived to examine the difference between tourism movements and peopleâs agenda in Goa. It was assumed that that village level committees that have sprung up in Goa, opposing tourism projects or parts thereof, would more adequately represent the peopleâs concerns, as compared to tourism activist organisations which represent the entire...
Topics: Goa, Tourism Movements, Village Level Committees, Activists, Tourism Critique, Movements, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This presentation was on the occasion of Bombay Natural History Societyâs 125th year. EQUATIONS was invited to organise a workshop at their International Conference âConserving Biodiversity in a Globalising Indiaâ17-19 February 2009 in Bangalore. The presentation served as the keynote address to the workshop and is in three parts: Interrogating the assumptions, myths and realities of globalisation, Exploring the trends in conservation ideology and its implications, Examining how tourism...
Topics: Tourism, Trade, Biodiversity, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Child pornography is a growing concern within India. Through still and video cameras, sexually abusive images of children are produced. These images are accessed via the internet and increasingly now over mobile phones. These technologies also facilitate organised sexual abuse and violence against children by networks of commercial buyers, sex tourists, paedophiles and traffickers. It is linked with several actors across borders and has direct links to tourism. One country can be a place where...
Topics: Child Pornography, Tourism, child sexual abuse, Section 67 (B) Information Technology Amendment Act...
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This presentation was made at 5th International Canopy Conference (2009), 25-31 October 2009 Bangalore, organised by Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment. EQUATIONS was one of the presenters at their Symposium on âConservation, Community Development, Rainforest Experience: The Environmental, Social and Economic Values of Forest Canopy Based Ecotourismâ on 30 October 2009. The presentation shared information on canopy tourism initiatives in India. These tourism initiatives...
Topics: Canopy tourism, ecotourism, elevated walk ways, conservation, community participation, resorts,...
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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EQUATIONS was invited to present at the United Nations World Tourism Organisationâs 24th Task Force Meeting on the Protection of Children, at the ITB Berlin on 15th March 2009. It was the first time since the task force was formed that a presentation was made on the situation in India, and therefore the moment was historic in some ways. The presentation drove home the point that exploitation of children was mostly unacknowledged by the industry and policy makers. That combined with extremely...
Topics: Situation in India, Child Abuse, Tourism, UNWTO, Children, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This presentation offers a broad overview of the issues around child sexual abuse in the context of tourism â the most shameful face of tourism. It explains how such abuse and exploitation result in serious lifelong physical and emotional trauma for the child apart from being a gross human rights violation. Pointing to the weak laws and protection mechanisms, it also talks about why this issue has not got the attention and determined action it deserves. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options...
Topics: Tourism, Sexual Exploitation, Children, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This presentation done by EQUATIONS in a meeting organised by the Human Rights Law Network in Kerala (December 2008) focus on the lacunae and loopholes in the legal system on the protection of children, particularly from sexual abuse in tourism. The case of Jakob Spalti a Swiss national that EQUATIONS investigated is used to explain how weak the legal system and protection mechanisms are. EQUATIONSâ efforts at influencing a Children Code Bill to cover such lacunae are also delineated....
Topics: Legal Issues for Protection of Children, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This presentation makes the case for the critical need to involve institutions of local self governance (LSGIs) in rural, urban and scheduled areas in tourism planning and implementation. This is the only way that the needs of and impacts on local communities by tourism expansion and development can be taken into account. The rights and powers of LSGIs in tourism projects in their jurisdiction are delineated. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS) Contact: info@equitabletourism.org,...
Topics: Tourism, Local Self Governing Institutions, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This concise presentation engages with a much-bandied term âsustainable tourismâ. We offer what EQUATIONS believes are essential dimensions of sustainable tourism, considering political, cultural, social, ecological and economic dimensions. The presentation then attempts to unpack each of these dimensions into their various sub-aspects. Most conceptual frameworks on sustainability do not consider political and cultural aspects. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS) Contact:...
Topics: Sustainable Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This presentation aimed at activists and community-based groups in the NorthEast, links various forms of globalisation and how it has changed the nature of tourism. It draws attention to some of the impacts of these developments on the projects and plans of large global financial institution as like the ADB and their ingress into the Northeastern region of India â particularly with the financing of infrastructure and tourism projects. Given the complex geopolitical, ecological, social and...
Topics: Globalisation, Tourism Issues, NorthEast, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This presentation made at a National Consultation on Environment, Human Rights and the Law in 2008, takes the example of the Coastal Zone Regulation Notification of 1991 and its series of amendments (dilutions). The lessons to be learnt from the study of the pressures and interests that such regulation is subject to is placed from the context of the tourism industry lobby who have successfully ensured that any âobstructionâ to their expansion must be speedily dismantled, notwithstanding its...
Topics: CRZ Notification, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This presentation tailored to activist and community groups examines the impacts of tourism on fragile hill and mountain ecosystems. It also examines the popular notions of âecotourismâ; often propagated as the solution to all banes of tourism through case studies of ecotourism gone wrong, and a few examples of community based tourism that attempts to maintain the balance between sustainable forms of tourism, livelihoods and ecosystems. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)...
Topics: Ecotourism, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This presentation, in customised forms, is used by EQUATIONS in a wide range of settings to initiate the debate (with students, communities that are impacted by tourism, tourists) on the different perspectives and issues that arise when tourism comes in! It therefore is long and covers topics such as tourists and their motivations, the Tourist Area Life Cycle, tourism as a development paradigm, impacts (economic, socio-cultural, and environmental), and case studies of community based tourism...
Topics: Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Local people in Indian tourism destinations have been representing their demands for a more participatory, socio-economically integrated development of tourism. Underlying the demands is an analysis of modern tourism as a development issue controlled and dominated by Northern power-centres, whose continually expanding reach results in an ever-deepening marginalisation of âhostâ communities; in particular, ethnic and indigenous minorities, women and children and the abuse of cultural, social,...
Topics: Tourism Policy, India, Host, Local, Communities, Cultural, Social, Economic, Environmental,...
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Spiti is on the threshold of rapid change. Its isolation is over. The tourists are coming. Would they come with their values or leave them behind? Would the resulting interaction be positive or destructive as elsewhere? Would the values of Spiti be put on sale alongside its sights and sounds. This publication ideates towards a tourism strategy in Spiti based on an understanding of the tourism phenomenon; what is wrong with it and whether there is an alternative. It optimistically explores ways...
Topics: Spiti, Himachal Pradesh, India, Tourism Industry, Inner Line Area, Tourist, EQUATIONS, tourism...
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Rural tourism in India is increasingly seen as a way for elimination of poverty and inequalities. The country's National Tourism Policy of 2002 by the Ministry of Tourism (MOT) announced its plans of spreading tourism development to rural areas: 'village tourism will be promoted as the primary tourism product of India; to spread tourism and its socio-economic benefits to rural areas'. However, the question remains - can tourism transform to something positive? Or is it the case that when...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Community, Ministry of Tourism(MOT), Endogenous, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The concept of rural tourism is still in its nascent stage. Explorations are ongoing to shape models that can be adapted across different contexts/regions in the country. This paper provides a brief background to rural tourism in India and then identifies some of the prerequisites and principles that need to be satisfied if we wish to see equitable rural tourism development. Publisher: Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS) Contact: info@equitabletourism.org, +91.80.25457607 Visit:...
Topics: Rural Tourism, Impacts, EQUATIONS
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Apr 28, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The author Shubhendu Kaushikâs involvement in Spiti was triggered because this beautiful valley in Himachal Pradesh was thrown open to tourism. Having seen the extent of damage to ecosystems that has accompanied large-scale tourism in other Himalayan regions, he decided to spend some time in Spiti and see what could be done to minimise the damage there. As this publication goes to print, he is trying to get the administration and cross-sectional representatives of the people in Spiti to start...
Topics: Spiti, Himachal Pradesh, India, Tourism Industry, Inner Line Area, Tourist, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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In 2008 through a collaborative project coordinated by African Safari Lodge (ASL) Foundation looking at community based efforts in nature based tourism, EQUATIONS got the opportunity to study three very interesting initiatives in India. While each have their unique contexts and histories and are on different stages of tourism development, they also have common features. These tourism initiatives are located in some of the most scenic and alluring places â Himalayan Homestays in Ladakh,...
Topics: Community, Nature, India, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This compilation of briefing papers is produced as part of the Life as Commerce Project in partnership with the Global Forest Coalition. The aim of this project is to address the environmental and social impacts of market-based conservation schemes. The primary objective is to raise awareness on the impacts of such schemes and to build and strengthen capacity of local communities, social movements and women's groups to address their impacts. EQUATIONS analysed the prevalence and impacts of...
Topics: Nature, Markets, India, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Public Opinion is on the rise about child sexual exploitation by tourists in India. But, little has been done to study and protect male children from prostitution. This research conducted in 2008, investigates the extent and nature of child sexual exploitation in the pilgrim tourist sites â Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh), Puri (Orissa) and Guruvayoor (Kerala). The study identifies key actors who are involved in and/or facilitate prostitution of male children. The study documents the causes,...
Topics: Male Child Sexual Exploitation, Tourism
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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India characterizes a rich diversity with more than 2000 ethnic groups and four major families of languages. However, the increasing economic growth has not reduced the challenges of the state as far as poverty, exclusion, violence and socio-demographic indices are concerned, and have perhaps been in some ways, a contributing factor. There have been numerous legislations and constitutional provisions to respond to socio- economic-political and cultural disparity and exclusion but much of these...
Topics: Adivasi, Indigenous People, India, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkand, Orissa, Chattisgarh, Gujarat,...
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a popular tourist destination in India. This has meant a slew of proposals to expand and intensify tourism, huge investment in infrastructure, improved connectivity and relaxation on Leave Travel Concession (LTC) for domestic tourists. However, these plans are not based on how tourism impacts the Islands. They have failed to take into account aspirations of local communities and whether ground realities support the assumptions made. This Research Report is an...
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Topics: Tourism, Andamans and Nicobar Islands, Sustainable, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This dossier is located within the context of increasing global discontent and community protest against interventions of International Financial Institutions (IFIs) in the developing world. It specifically presents a questioning and critique of their operations in tourism. As the nature and impacts of tourism cross boundaries and affects entire regions, we present an analysis of the issue based on experiences from the Asian region and in specific areas of focus of IFI activities. The dossier...
Topics: International Financial Institutions, IFI, Tourism, Asia, India, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This publication is divided into four parts: the first part analyses the CRZ Notification 1991 and issues of its implementation. It further looks at violations of the CRZ Notification 1991 by tourism. The second part is an evaluation of the Swaminathan Committee recommendations. The third section is a critique of the draft CMZ Notification 2008. Finally, it has been suggested that the current CRZ Notification needs to be strengthned and rigorously implemented, rather than replace it with a...
Topics: Coastal Regulation Zone, CRZ, Coastal Management Zone, CMZ, India, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This publication called 'Working Paper Series 2008-09' is a compilation of Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS) Papers and Campaigns of the year 2008-09. Contact: info@equitabletourism.org, +91.80.25457607 Visit: www.equitabletourism.org, www.equitabletourism.org/stage/readfull.php?AID=454
Topics: Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Alfred Brush Fordâs business company ABF International came to India in 2005 with a spate of investments in mega tourism projects. The largest one with an investment of $300 million was a Ski Village to be built in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh. The Himalayan Ski Village Limited (HSV), in which Alfred Ford maintained the largest share, was floated for it. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the proposed Himalayan Ski-Village Resort in Kullu District was inked on 9th December 2005...
Topics: Himalaya, Ski Village, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Injustice continues to haunt the Narmada River Valley! The Narmada Valley projects comprise 30 large dams, 135 medium size dams, 3000 small dams and a minimum of 75,000 kms of canal networks to direct the waters. Despite twenty years of struggles and supreme sacrifices and regardless of the Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal awards, Supreme Court and High Court orders, over a quarter of a million people, a large number of them tribals, are yet to be rehabilitated. While they await rehabilitation, a...
Topics: Public Purpose, Gujarat, Narmada, Adivasi, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Across the globe, the development of tourism is raising questions as to who are its real beneficiaries. The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) puts tourismâs contribution to the worldâs GDP at US$ 514 Billion. However, tourism development is highly unregulated and not monitored for its negative impacts. The mitigation of its negative impacts is also not on the developmental agenda. A little known and even less acknowledged impact is that on children. Tourism development without accountability...
Topics: Rights, Child, Tourism
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This booklet describes how the Right to Information Act (RTI) has and can be used to access information that has direct and indirect relevance to expansion of tourism in our country.This booklet describes how the Right to Information Act (RTI) has and can be used to access information that has direct and indirect relevance to expansion of tourism in our country. While its benefits are promoted, tourism also brings a host of problems like displacement of people, exploitation of natural...
Topics: Right To Information Act, RTI, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This publication called 'Working Paper Series 2007-08' is a compilation of Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS) Papers and Campaigns of the year 2007-08. Contact: info@equitabletourism.org, +91.80.25457607 Visit: www.equitabletourism.org, www.equitabletourism.org/stage/readfull.php?AID=453
Topics: Equitable, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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We have worked for over a decade linking critical issues in the trade and tourism debates at national and international levels. The thrust of our work has been to question the ability of a deregulated and fully liberalised tourism economy to bring sustainable gains to local communities. This has included analysing liberalisation and deregulation moves of national and state governments in India and scrutinising the role of international institutions like the WTO, UNWTO, World Bank and ADB in...
Topics: Tourism Impacts, Trade, Globalisation, EQUATIONS
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Mar 24, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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When the Special Economic Zone Act was passed in 2005, it generated a euphoric response from the private sector. However, it has raised concerns from those who do not see SEZs benefiting them but rather increasing hardships of economic livelihood and sustenance of people. Tourism is also in the list of industries seeking potential benefits from the SEZ Policy. According to the SEZ Act 2005 and corresponding Rules, only 25%-30% of the total area in any SEZ need be statutorily used for developing...
Topics: Special Economic Zones, SEZ, Special Tourism Zones, STZ, India, Tourism, EQUATIONS
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Mar 23, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This study was undertaken in the context of the Tsunami of 26 December 2004 which was a grim reminder of the need to ensure the protection of coastal and island ecosystems and its people. The first section contextualises the impact of the tsunami by describing the role and function of coastal and marine ecosystems in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Section two addresses how ongoing and planned reconstruction, rehabilitation and development activities need to be managed and analyses legal and...
Topics: Andaman Nicobar Islands, Tourism, Ecosystems, Tsunami, India, Coastal Regulation Zone Notification,...
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This study was undertaken in the context of the Tsunami of 26 December 2004 which was a grim reminder of the need to ensure the protection of coastal and island ecosystems and its people. The first section of this Study contextualises the impact of the Tsunami by describing the role and function of coastal and marine ecosystems in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry and the impacts of human activities. Detailed information is provided on ecologically important areas such as the Gulf of Mannar, Pulicat...
Topics: Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Tourism, Ecosystems, Tsunami, India, Coastal Regulation Zone Notification,...
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Mar 23, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This brief publication is a chronological compilation of the amendments and events related to the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification (CRZ) in the context of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the analysis of its implications for the islands. Contact: info@equitabletourism.org, +91.80.25457607 Visit: www.equitabletourism.org, www.equitabletourism.org/stage/readfull.php?AID=652
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Topics: Andaman Nicobar Islands, Tourism, Ecosystems, India, Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, CRZ,...
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Mar 23, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This brief publication is a chronological compilation of the amendments and events related to the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification (CRZ) in the context of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry and the analysis of its implications for the coastal areas. Contact: info@equitabletourism.org, +91.80.25457607 Visit: www.equitabletourism.org, www.equitabletourism.org/stage/readfull.php?AID=653
Topics: Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Tourism, Ecosystems, India, Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, CRZ,...
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Mar 23, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This publication presents the trends and debates emerging from tourism and related development sectors in India for the period October 2004 to March 2005. We have compiled articles from newspapers, magazines, journals, books, websites and list-serves. Issues are presented under sections based on EQUATIONS classification system. Contact: info@equitabletourism.org, +91.80.25457607 Visit: www.equitabletourism.org, www.equitabletourism.org/stage/readfull.php?AID=656
Topics: Articles, Trends, Tourism, India, EQUATIONS
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Mar 23, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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This publications attempts to provide a clearer understanding of the bilateral trade agreements, the multilateral trade agenda, and where India stands in the international economic order. It begins with the general nature and structure of bilateral or regional trade agreements. Then, the 25 bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements that India was negotiating in 2005 are listed and followed by more detailed reports of few major ones that highlight specific problems in the negotiating process. The...
Topics: Bilateral, Regional, Trade Agreements, World Trade Organization, WTO, RTA, India, EQUATIONS
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Mar 23, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Tourism is the principal export earner for 83% of the developing world and the principal export for one-third of it. But, while dependence on tourism is high, the share of the developing countries in this global tourism pie remains dismally low. Given the economic challenges they are already faced with and the need to pursue it responsibly, developing countries have to seriously consider the long-term implications of their sector-specific GATS commitments on the sustainability of their domestic...
Topics: World Tourism Organization, UNWTO, General Agreement on Trade in Services, GATS, Impact Assessment...
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Mar 23, 2010 Equitable Tourism Options (EQUATIONS)
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Identified as a World Heritage Site, the Sunderban Biosphere Reserve is a complex scenario of human habitation impacts, conservation issues, livelihood issues and conflicts between the people and government authorities. In 2002, fishermen were denied access to traditional fishing grounds on the island of Jambudwip by the Forest Department, which resulted in serious conflicts and the death of people. The eviction drive by the Forest Department on the orders of the Supreme Court and concurrent...
Topics: Sunderban Biosphere Reserve, Sahara India Group, Forest Department, Coastal Regulation Zone...