chief justice desperate to get out - survivors of typhoon haiyan try to leave their cities in the philippines. international help is coming in as dozens of country offer up aid. [ ♪ theme ] welcome to doha. we have al jazeera's continuing coverage of the disaster in the philippines and the other top stories. >> main players blame each other. we look at who is responsible for holding up a nuclear deal in iran. saving the children - a report on the biggest polio vaccination
campaign in the middle east. . the latest from the philippines, which has declared a state of national calamity following typhoon haiyan. the biggest challenge of course is to provide aid to the millions of people affected. dozens of countries promised to provide help. these are some of the latest pictures coming in to us. the official number of dead - climbing. that total now - this is the official number at 1,744. the united nations says 10,000 people are feared dead in the city of tacloban alone. thousands are trying to get on military planes to flee the destroyed areas. we will go live to manila and talk to marga ortigas, where the aid effort is being coordinated. tell us what is happening? >> this is a government warehouse run by the social department trying to get food out to those who most need it.
what has been happening here is since the store happened on friday there has been thousands of people that have come to volunteer. they felt impotence at not being able to do anything to help 10% of the population affected by the typhoon. almost 10 million people. 20,000 tonnes - 20,000 bags of what they call family packs are prepared every day and then being sent out to the central philippine islands and from there to get them distributed to those that most need it. inside the packs - rice, canned goods, noodles and water that they can drink. the people have gone without for going on four days now. the problem is once these packs get to some of the largest cities like cebu or the airport, which is half reopened, it is difficult to get that on to the villages because roads are impossible and now with a storm
brewing, the seas are difficult to traverse. >> tell us how it works. looking behind you it looks busy. how does the system work there? can people, if they need to, can they come to pick up a family pack. >> yes, indeed. i'm going to move out of the shot for a while. so you can see what is going on behind me. people here have been calling the department of social welfare, volunteering to come here. they've been in operation since november the 6th. a few days before the typhoon was forecast to hit. people were coming in. nobody knew how bad it would be. the typhoon hit on friday. by the weekend they practically had to turn people. they couldn't accommodate the number of volunteers. everything from students to office workers, to children. anybody who felt that they could
help in some way did come here and volunteered to work all night. what the department of social welfare had to do is rotate them in shifts. all the volunteers had to go through an orientation program. it's been an hour where they sit with an official who tells them what needs to be done, and they work for as long as they can. the maximum limit is five to six hours. they then tell them to get rest as there are too many people who want to help out. that's a good thing. they say they have a list of volunteers all the way through to the coming week. >> despite logistical problems with getting the data to people, would you say that people feel they need to be looked after and the government and the aid agencies are responding to needs as best they can? >> unfortunately the people who are actually affected, those of the central philippine island - some have walked for hours to
get the site to make phone calls to local radio stations. it's the most popular way to get word to your family that you are alive. we've heard them say they feel they are forgotten. as far as they are concerned no aid is getting to them. there's no sign of government officials. they are in difficult-to-reach place and a lot of this sits in a warehouse in the central philippines and it's difficult to distribute it to those that need it the most. although the government is assuring everybody that they are working as fast as they can, they brought in two battalions to do clearing. they are getting help from the british, and the australians. again, another hitch. there is a storm over the central islands today. >> huge logistical problems. thank you for the update. marga ortigas live in manila. >> we'll talk about tacloban, one of the hardst hit areas.
hundreds of families lost homes. it's hard to deliver aid when infrastructure is damaged. >> first light brings hope to people in the central philippines. each day it signals the arrival of flights by the military, bringing in supplies, taking people out of an area destroyed by typhoon haiyan. getting on board are the injured and sick. and those who lost everything. people walk the huge distances to get to the airport in the hope they may find food or water given out by the military, or a ticket out. etched on their faces - the pain of who is becoming an increasingly desperate situation. many who chose to stay are struggling to come to terms with the disaster. >> we really want to get out of the house because the water is really coming in. i have three kids. i don't know what to do.
then we go to the house of my mother. >> as the people walk they pass bodies on the side of the road. in places the stench is unbearable. removing the bodies is a slow process. those that have been collected are taken to a makeshift morgue, where local officials attempt to identify them. after which they are taken to moss graves. >> -- mass graves. it is early day, but what we are seeing there's little recovery effort going on. clearly there's not enough food and water, and there doesn't appear to be anyone picking through the rubble looking for the missing. at the moment people seem to be in survival mode. many challenges lie ahead for the city and its people. while there's security, looting is a problem. here the remains of a supermarket were picked through and taken away. small teams of medics are doing the best they can to treat basic wounds suffered during the storm.
with so many bodies and no sanitation, other problems may arise. we don't have water. then, also, there is fever, and... >> there is little people can do about the concerns now. for the most parts they are fending for themselves in a city torn apart. in other news the u.s. secretary of state says he expects a deal with iran to suspend or limit tehran's nuclear enrichment within months. both sides blame each other for not reaching an agreement, even though iran says it will allow the u.n. watchdog more access to its sites. >> reporter: secretary of state john kerry literally running to embrace concerned allies here in the united arab emirates, addressing the concerns of saudi arabia, and israel - that the proposed deal with iran is a threat to their stability.
>> the united states of america will, into the future, as long as he is president, make certain that we will stand up for and defend our allies in this region against any kind of external threat or attack. >> reporter: middle east experts say there's more to the reluctance that fear of an attack from iran - there are religious and cultural matters. >> iran with a break-out capacity will be more aggressive in bahrain, in encountering saudi's presence, and in saudi arabia, inciting she items in leb -- she items, in lebanon, and other areas. all of this adds complexity. the u.s. congress could complicate the discussions as allies are set to consider sanctions on iran.
kerry warned that could scuttle of negotiations. britain's foreign secretary william hague says it could send a message to iran, warning what will happen if a deal is not reached. >> it's important for the iranian authorities to understand that the pressure will be there for greater sanctions or intensivication of sanctions unless an agreement is reached on the matters. >> reporter: the six world powers are expressing confidence that a deal will be reached in months. at the same time saying france is not to blame for the failed weekend negotiations. iran, they say, was not ready to take the deal - an allegation the iranians deny. iran, which has insisted its program is for peaceful purposes signed a deal with the head of the atomic head agency to open more facilities for inspection. >> iran and iada will cooperate
with activities to be undertaken to resolve all present and past issues. >> diplomatic moves meant to send a message, to calm fears and bide time, even if some allies don't like what they are talking about. talked about the blame game before. iran's foreign minister mohammad javad zarif's reacted to john kerry's remarks over the failure of talks, on twitter. this is what he said: >> minutes later he tweeted saying: >> in the news ahead - trying to convince farmers in afghanistan that they don't need to grow openium, and the headlines in a hotel. -- in a moment.
a reminder of the top story - the situation in the philippines, where dead bodies line the streets four days after the typhoon hit there. the official number of dead climbs. the total more than 1500, but there are estimates that are higher than that. the u.s. marines are flying into the philippines, part of an international aid effort. >> many philippinos have been without food and water. the united nations released $25 million of funds and is calling for more.
to bolster efforts countries pledged support. aid agencies channelling food and resources. the biggest challenge is how to get the hope to those that need it. the united states - they sent the aircraft carrier "george washington", hmas "daring" is on route. and royal transport aircraft had been sent. aid agencies unicef are on the ground. chris de bono said aid needs to be distributed as soon as possible. >> at the moment we are looking at a total of 4 million children affected. the ones that are in urgent need of life-saving aid probably in the hundreds of thousands - 200-300,000 is a guess. we are doing the assessments to work that out. we have four teams at the moment that are conducting assessments. but you are right.
the big issue is how to get the aid to those children in need. they desperately need food and shelter, access to clean water and sanitation if we are going to avoid the second wave of natural disasters. they need protection, and we are trying to get it in. we are hopeful - we think the philippine government has done a fantastic job. and the army, of clearing the roads and opening the tacloban airport and re-establishing some bridge links that allow the aid to go in. we are in an odd situation at this moment, which is that because it's taken so long, and there's no fault in that, that's because of the level of the devastation. people are desperate now. so once the roads have opened, the bridges are opened, we see people flooding out, blocking access in. the key to - they are running
for obvious reasons. if there's no food, they want to get out to where there is food. we can't get the food in because they are blocking the roads to get the food in. >> we have a good system in place, tried and tested with major or or all the u.n. agencies, the government and international aid organizations. we have a coordination system. different parts, different agencies take responsibilities to lead on different parts of what we know. unicef is the lead on water and sanitation, and it is in this instance, and we do work with others around child protection. those coordination mechanisms exist. there's no chaos. there's a lot of structure to what we do. the chaos at the moment is coming from the geography. this is the center of the philippines, a series of islands. and from the level of devastation. >> now, after an outbreak of polio in syria the yeases is
start ght the -- the united nations is starting the largest ever polio vak sin aches, planning -- vaccinations, planning to immunize 23 million people. >> it's the first time these children are being vaccinated against polio. they are refugees from syria, where the disease re-emerged after a decade. their father brought his family to lebanon to escape the hardship and violence. >> translation: there are no health centres in syria. it's hard to find medicine for children. we are worried about the polio virus, but we are able to give the children what they need. >> this is one of dozen u.n. centres providing free polio vaccination, a campaign coordinated with the lebanese government to make sure all children of all nationalties living in lebanon are immunized. in this clinic 200 children
receive the vaccine every day. there are 800,000 syrians registered as refugees. half are children. many have not been vaccinated since arrival. >> the united nations says there's a risk of a polio outbreak in the region after cases were confirmed in syria. it says it's doing its best to mitigate the risk. officials acknowledge the task is difficult in lebanon. here syrian refugees live among the population. >> they are spread across the country, unlike in other neighbouring countries, there's no official camp in lebanon. reaching all of them will be a challenge. >> we hope everyone receives the message, it's hard in a country where families are special. sometimes they live underground - literally wherever they can find a space to set up a shelter. >> no cases of polio have been reported in lebanon. health authorities here are not
taking chances. syrian children go to lebanese schools where polio vaccinations are being administered and vaccination teams and mobile medical units are going door to door. the virus spreads quickly - particularly in unsanitary and crowded areas. many lebanese are worried because thousands of syrians cross into lebanon every day. >> translation: we are afraid and hope the government tightens control at the borders to prevent the disease reaching here. >> polio broke out in syria and paralyzed at least 10 children. hundreds of thousands of children across the region are at risk. >> israel often denies palestinians permission to visit relatives held in prisons. only detainee's children are allowed in, meaning they make the trip alone.
>> reporter: it's five in the morning. these children are getting ready. they are not packing for school. instead they are skipping school to visit their father in prison. he is serving 67 life sentences. the israeli authorities banned his wife from seeing her husband. only the children can get prison visitation permits. >> translation: in the last 2.5 years i only saw abduala twice. he's banned from receiving guests. this ended. i'm refused security clearance. i don't know the reasons. >> the girls recently started monthly prison visits. they are special events and they insist on buying now outfits every time to impress their father. she was a month old when her father was detained. this is the sixth time she's seen her father. >>. translation: we used to know my
dad. now we know him better. when he was on hunger strike we heard him. we get exhausted on the trips. when we see that the exhaustion goes away. >> now they cross the see, the military checkpoint. they don't return to ramallah until night time. after hours of driving, security checks and waiting, they arrive at the prison in southern israel to visit their father for 45 minutes. many other palestine children go through the same thing because the adult family members of a third of palestine prisoners do not receive permits to visit their relatives in israeli prisons. >> underinternational humanitarian law it is illegal to transfer prisoners to the facility in israel. israel holds over 5,000 palestine prisoners in 26 prisons. only one of which is in the occupied west bank. >> this is out of a policy to control their life and
relations - mainly their relations with their families, and the lawyers that represent them. the monthly visits mean the world. they don't see the long trips as a burden, rather as the only way to stay close to their father. >> shoppers in venezuela frock to electronic stores after the government ordered them to slash their prices. >> stores have reopened on monday across venezuela after nicolas maduro sent the military into the store to slash prices and control the out of control inflation. as you can see, huge lines of people have been in line for two days to try to take advantage of the government-imposed prices. sunday night president nicolas maduro announced a series of
measures that will take place in coming days. he said he will control prices of goods from food to clothing, and automobile, and will try to extend the punishment for crimes committed by alleged speculators. to do these things, he'll need special decree powers that the national assembly is expected to grant them some time this week. many economists in venezuela are worried that the new measures will make matters worse, and we have been speaking to people here. some of them are saying they are buying more than what they need, expecting new shortages and hoping to then resell at higher prices. of course, nicolas maduro rejects this notion, and with just four weeks left before local elections here, he's hoping that these measures will help the government show they
can control the economy. >> the u.s. navy is testing its first drone. it doesn't carry miss ills, it doesn't mean it won't in the future. >> reporter: it's designed to make difficult take offs above a carrier. this is an unmanned drone. it made history when it completed its first landing at sea. the technology is not perfected. on this day the drone was not able to take off on its first run. >>... the aircraft, towards the shuttle - they are unable to achieve residual thrust to make the transition. >> the navy is modifying how the x 47 b communicates with the carrier. the test succeeded. right now take-off flight and landing are automated.
the codes allows the drones to fly out a human pilot. >> this particular aircraft will never be able to kill anybody. that's after testing it will be retired. this is just the beginning. there may not be plans to weaponize the drone. that doesn't rule out future models. u.s. air force rolled out its predator drone, it was built as a surveillance vehicle. during the war in iraq and afghanistan. the u.s. military armed the predators. today they conduct drone strikes in pakistan and yemen. these operations require fixed land bases and cooperation with host nations on an aircraft carrier at sea the rules are different. >> you don't need to ask permission. you can bring american firepower within range of many countries. and do it very matter of factly
without permission from other government. >> it's one reason the u.s. navy is determined to perfect its drone technology. its cheaper, risks fewer military lives and allows the navy to operate with autonomy. >> it allows the dull, dirty and dangerous mission sets that afford themselves to unmanned capabilities. it's the future of u.s. high-tech warfare. the military hopes it will fully operate within the next three years. . now, arg cultsure makes up a -- agriculture makes up a third of out put. weeding farmers away from poppies is an uphill battle. >> agricultural exports in afghanistan are up 60% this year over last. part of the reason is fruit and
other products are processed and packaged better than before. there are a lot of challenges. >> afghanistan, bad roads, poor infrastructure. it's been an issue for afghanistan including electricity or lack of electricity that prohibits large commercial storage. >> more than half the people in the country depend on farming to make a living. here at the biggest cultural fair, you can see the latest technologies. solar panels, and better ways to spray your crops. >> this event is not just a good opportunity for farmers to get together and show off products, but shows how far afghanistan's cultural sector has come, and how far it has to go. >> this is from an area that makes big vegetables, but has trouble making money. >> translation: we sell fruit in the local market.
we'd like to share in neighbouring countries, for good prices. >> international aid helped them form an association of 200 farmers, allowing some of them to give up growing poppies to make opium. in 11 other provinces poply cultivation is up. the u.n. says that's because of a combination of high prices, a lack of agricultural assistance and insecurity. opium is afghanistan's biggest export. the problem is expected to get worse after nato soldiers withdraw at the end of next year. >> afghanistan's markets are full of whatever is in season. it keeps fruit and vegetable prices low. high transport costs, lake of cold storage and tariffs put international exports out of the reach of farmers. add to that the nato withdrawal, and afghan natives do what they
have done for a long time - grow more opium. >> so much more news online at aljazeera.com. catch the headlines, video on demand, live streaming 24/7 at aljazeera.com. and the efforts to help immigrants stay and succeed in america. i am ali velshi, this is "real money." ♪ this is "real money," you are the most takt part of the show, so join our live conversation for the next half