>> reporter: looting, ain't government spills over again ukraine. opposition leaders join the protest. >> and a show the president we do not agree with his decision. >> and stepping into history a chance to buy part of the original eiffel tower. >> so a date has been set. an international peace conference to end the fighting in syria. it's scheduled for january 22nd. the u.n. hopes it brings the syrian government and opposition to the negotiation table for the first type. this is secretary general ban ki-moon. >> this is a mission of hope. this is the understanding the negotiation will be the aspirations of all the syrian
people for freedom and dignity, and which which guarantees safety and protection to all communities in syria. >> in just a moment we'll be live in geneva where details of those talks have been thrashed out. james bays is our diplomatic hee editors and we'll have more from beirut. the scale of the problems in syria. >> reporter: it's 1:00 in the afternoon in damascus. a group of children are asked what it's like to live here. >> when we were at school, piles of dead bodies were brought in every day. we used to see them being prepared for burial. >> reporter: as they continue to tell their story, this happened. [ explosion ]
>> a shell hits the area. it's a snapshot of what it's like on the ground. while political victory has the luxury of time many living here do not almost half of syrians depend on foreign aid to survive. 6.5 million are displaced, and 2 million live in neighboring camps. at least 100,000 people have been killed. and in your report from the oxford research group 11,000 of those are children. but today these children survived. al jazeera managed to track them down in the syrian capitol. >> we were riding our bikes when we saw the active. when we were filming the shell landed. we didn't get hurt. my mother started crying.
>> my mother also cried. >> reporter: many asked the question if political pleasure paved the way for the chemical weapons inspectors here, why not the aid the people desperately need. >> there are also problems getting talks off the ground even as steph said, if talks have the luxury of time. bashar al-assad said he shouldn't be involved in these talks. there is nothing that says he can't. and who makes up the opposition. the syrian opposition, al nusra,
how do you get everyone around the negotiation table. first let's speak with david, who is in geneva. the u.n. secretary general making it quite clear what he expects from these talks. we go to geneva with a mission of hope. >> reporter: yes, it was a very previous statement. it wa--a brief statement this afternoon. and i think it was very apparent it was so short on detail. we're hoping in a half hours time to hear from the u.n.-syria mediator and the russians and the americans, who have been talking all day about how they're going to arrange this peace conference here in geneva. "n" january.
we hoped to get a lot more detail from them. but it could be that they don't have much more to give us. it was a mission of hope, as ban ki-moon says, and he said this opportunity should be seized to try to end the war that has caused such suffering and destruction. but these are just words and hope. in the end we have to wait and hear from the conference her "n" a half hour. if there are any more details of what seems to be unsurmountable problems. >> let's go to james bays, who is live for us at the u.n. in new york. james, ban ki-moon must be fairly confident that he can pull this off and get all the interested parties around the table, or is he? >> reporter: no, i'm not sure that they are that confident. but they've tried everything else. they've tried coaxing these talks.
they've been trying to persuade these talks since may. there have been dates. there have been dates every single month over awful these months since may. the last was this past weekend was one of the dates they set for it. they never publicly announced a date before so this time they decided to announce a date and say to both sides, this is a date we're having the conference. if you want to be part of the new syria, then you need to be there on that date. but if we have a chance to ask ban ki-moon questions, he didn't take any questions from the reporters, but he know the questions wee have been asked, what are you going to do about the pre-someon pre-set. and who is invited from the. international community?
will saudi arabia be invited and will iran be around the table. this is all building on the conference of geneva one and the communique of geneva one which said there had to be a transitional government that will take over full executive powers. >> of course, therein lies the problem, the syrian government without bashar al-assad. that's now how the syrians will see it? >> no, absolutely. i think they know when you get into the detail of these key issues before you get around the table you never have talks. they're never going to turn up. i think that's why they have this idea of bringing both sides together bought any pre-conditions. the opposition still have pre-conditions. when that didn't work they tried to set a date to force both
sides around the table. i think eventually you're going see some sort of opposition delegation turning up. but does that opposition fully represent the people of syria? probably not. does it present those fighting on the ground, probably not. >> let's go to zan live to beir. they made it clear what they expect will happen before the geneva talks. are the demands set to scuffle the talks before they have even gun. >> i think we need to remember something very important. in the syrian conflict there are not two players on the ground. there are multiple players that have regional and international
backers, and that's the key. we know that some were really reluctant. they came under pressure the last time they met a couple of weeks ago. they were pressured to agree to attend geneva. we have to look at this in the bigger picture. this is a proxy conflict the russians and members have found common ground. we need to then conflict and find a political solution. you talk to activists and they feel cheated that their revolution has been hijacked for them they're slowly unders that the international community is seeing this conflict in the eyes of the syrian regime, which is a war on terror. this is what he hear when you talk to syrians. they want to know why is the
west trying to stop the killing. at the end, the international community wants an agreement. there will be many hurdles along the way. but if they can sit face to face with some short of compromise, the next will be how to handle the arms on the ground. >> has there been reaction from the government in damascus. >> not too much reaction but they said if the opposite thinks they're coming to geneva and we're going to hand them the keys to damascus, that's not happening. they're not coming to the table to hand over power. the government really feeling confident they are force on the
ground. they have the upper hand military taylor. they still control strategic regions in damascus. the rebel groups, their weakness comes because they're so weak on the ground. the agreement between iran and world powers historic agreement feeling strengthened that it's main ally is being recognize id'd by the international community which undoubtedly would give it a stronger hand at the negotiating table. >> thank you very much, thanks to you all. now to other news, thailand's prime minister has evoked emergency law at bangkok as anti-government protesters occupy state buildings. demonstrators are threatening the stability of the country. they have stormed the ministry
the second day of the protest, the biggest since 2010. demanding the overthrow of the prime minister, and they're threatening to occupy more government buildings settle she steps down. let's take you live out of bangkok, we're live there. it's very late at night, what is the situation in bangkok? >> reporter: we have a couple of government institution where is fans of protesters have fanned out over the day. they've come together. one, the ministry of foreign affairs. they were there. a thousand plus of these pro opposition supporters are out in front of the ministry of foreign affairs. it was an atmosphere with a truck of music, chanting,
finances compound and some were inside. the opposition leader making statements as well. what is going to be interesting now, we've seen the mass protests on the streets. now they've come down to a few spots. this is where the challenge is going to come in. that's where we'll hear from the prime minister invoke emergency powers to deal with the situation because what you have right now these occupied compound facilities where tuesday morning government officials are going to try to get into these buildings. it will be interesting to see if they can be handled peacefully. it was handled peacefullering, but what will happen. >> they don't have a good record as far as violence is concerned. these protesters seem set to
stay put. >> reporter: absolutely. they've been saying that right through the opposition. supporters say they're going to stay on the streets and they're going to maintain their current government will remain u un--current position until government is unseated. there is a line drawn in the sapped right now. will these protesters remain peaceful. what will the government do after they made this gesture, this measure of extra emergency laws here in the city. now there is this thing called security zones within bangkok. it's been arnold parliament, government house, that's existed for quite some time. the emergency laws, she has extended that to provinces of bangkok as well as the city itself. that's where we saw protests at the airport, protesters occupied
weeks on end, and she's trying to prevent that. we haven't had any confrontation with law enforcement officials and the protesters. let's see if that maintains come tuesday morning. >> we'll wait to see how that develops. school live in bangkok. two claimed victim bu--vict, but only one can be winner. we'll go to hyunda honduras. we'll go to a mining accident site. the victory in brazil, details coming up a little later in the program.
>> reporter: let's bring you news from europe now. ukrainian police have fired tear gas staging another day outside of government headquarters in kiev. they protest a key pact with the european union. they say quote the deal is still on the table. nick, bring us up-to-date with what is happening in kiev right behind you. >> reporter: there are a trickle of people who are getting off of work. there is a protest at the iconic epicenter of the orange revolution in 2004. earlier in the day as you were saying there were clashes in
front of the government. the question was why do they want government to change policy. simply because they thought the country should be closer to europe. >> 20 years ago we announced our independency. in 20 years we had hope to make a change in our country. to be a modern country. but nothing changed. at the same time in another country that has the same position czech republic, hungary, they make huge difference. it's gdp has grown up much more.
why ukraine not so good? that's why we take strategical decision to take european decision. what does this mean? implement european law in our country. we announced that, and the president makes all kind of meetings with other presidents eyance, we go the european way. it is our strategical decision for our country. and surprisingly our government a few weeks ago stopped european integration. many ukrainians want european union with the standard of life come out of the streets and defend his will and defend his position and want to show to the president that we not agree with
his decision. we want to live european standards of life. main points, with human rights, with good jobs, because we don't have jobs. that's why we're here. [♪ music ] >> reporter: there are not as many demonstrators on the treats today as there was on sunday but sunday was a sunday. people didn't have to go to work. the hope amongst the people who are in favor of closer ties with europe is that there will be more and more people. it's hard, however, to read the signals coming from the government with the prime minister saying he won't give in to any kind of street protesting
but the government announcing that the foreign minister saying the treaty would have been signed. he said this is not about the government changing its mind. we're not sure that we want this government bringing us into europe. but it's a matter of dignity and standing up for principle, human rights and the values we want to represent. >> reporter: people in britain are to get extra protection against so-called payday lenders. a cap has been set from astronomical super rates. the rates are 565% but they say
that is up correct and it is 365%. 14 members of the you're teen union have some form of ceiling rates on interest rates already. >> the move to put a cap on payday loans have been welcome with many saying that payday loan target the vulnerable. for example, if i were to borrow $650 from this shop i would have to pay back $800 in three weeks time. and that price goes up if i'm late with my payment. the lenders say they do act responsebly and only lend to applicanted they believe can pay
back the loan. they believe the cap will encourage illegal lending. >> another member of the arctic 30 have been give bail in russia. the britain is full othe colin n australian, is the only one denied bail. they have been charged with hooliganism which carries up to seven years in prison. let's go back to doha. >> in a mining accident 32 people were killed. al jazeera has traveled 800 kilometers from the capitol to see the dangerous conditions that miners face. >> reporter: people call siguri the land of gold. it sits on top a vast reserve
the precious minerals i. many come hoping to strike lucky. men, boys, and even women. >> you i'm a gold miner. sometimes i'll get one graha grf gold. sometimes more. i keep that until i have enough to buy a bag of rice. >> reporter: the work does not always award, but it is full of risk. one shaft is how miners reach the other. when one miner returns, they all say thank you. everyone knows the dangers that these walls hold. just last week a mine accident killed several people. their bodies lie nearby.
some still haven't been found. that accident was the fifth in a fort night. small mining is legal in guinea. but the local government has not been table keep the mining safe. miners think the risk is justified. >> accident occu occur many tim. people think if one or two men die it's worth it all because many will die one day. >> reporter: it's the paradox of plenty. it's resource rich yet most people subsist in poverty. this pushes them to push to make a living. >> egypt plans to hold a referendum on a new constitution in january.
they're drafting a 50 member community. it's part of a road map to elections. the government is currently in charge after the army deposed mohamed morsi in july. july. on monday iran greed with western powers to scale back its nuclear programs for some relief from sanctions. bangladesh has set a day for elections despite boycott parties. it will be held on january 5th. the opposition coalition vowed to hold protests unless it's leader resigns. pakistani police have stopped activists trying to block n.a.t.o. supply routes into afghanistan. opposition has been stopping
trucks passing through in protest to drone strikes. >> reporter: n.a.t.o. supplies to the province have been blocked by protesters from the pakistani. they have threatened that their workers will set up check force throughout the province and they're stopping all container cargo which is headed to afghanistan. they are checking documents to ensure that they are supplies to n.a.t.o. these are supplies under the agreement. those trucks are being allowed to go through. however, the pakistan say that the government is in coo hoots with washington on those drone strikes. today they sent a delegation to the u.s. consulate to present a
strong letter of protest on those drone strikes. >> moving on in northern ireland the political appetite for historical prosecutions wanes while others push for justice. >> reporter: seven out of ten school kids in central african republic are not getting an education. i'll be explaining why. >> and high scores coming up in ten minutes with robin and sports. you >> from our headquarters in new york, here are the headlines this hour. >> al jazeera america is the only news channel that brings you live news at the top of every hour. >> a deal in the senate may be at hand and just in the nick of
>> hello again, well to the news hour. the u.n. has announced an international peace conference on the crisis in syria is to take place on january 22nd. but the main opposition group has said it will only attend if certain conditions are met. thailand's prime minister has invoked emergency law in bangkok as anti-government protesters have taken over state
buildings. the biggest protest since 2010. in the ukraine, the police have crashed with protesters in kiev for a second day. it comes following the government decision not to sign a trade deal with russia. presidential elections and ruling parties candidate appears to be in the lead. with more than half votes counted but opponents are already contesting the results. millions of hondurans voting for a new president. the wife of deposed president manuel, she's opening to be the first female of honduras. they have promised more order.
honduras has the highest murder rate in the world. and promises for more presence at the boar border to confront g trafficking. the results were always going to be contentious. what is the latest? >> reporter: well, what is happening here is you just have these stark divisions that we saw throughout the campaign being maintained here in the hours after the election was held. the last results from the commission was just having counted 50% of the votes. they're expecting to make more announcements here. but already the p.r. battle has begun. many papers have this picture on it with hernandez who says the apparent president.
sometimes they're partisan, sometimes they are not. but we'll show papers that show both on the paper because it's a very divided country. remember, she is the wife of a deposed president. for many in that movement this is a replay of events in 2009 because they feel they were cheated out of power. it's a coup in which soldiers took her husband from their home and took them into exile. this is not an election that would happen in other democracies. there is a lot of resentment here but still the electoral are counting, institutions are corrupt, and many don't have faith despite the fact that they're insuring that this will be a free vote. >> what recourse does castro have in the electoral tribunal results continue to show her
ultimately losing the election? >> reporter: well, she can ask the tribunal for a recount. they may do that. she can push legally. perhaps they'll bend to that pressure. perhaps she can put people on the street. but when we spoke to her before the election she said she had no plans to call movements out in mass protests. but on sunday night after these preliminary results started to come in she took a strong stance that was clear from polling that they would be the next president. this party that she leads, the libr party it was formed in wake of a coup, a despai despair ratp
of people. it's like a big tent of a rainbow coalition, and we're not sure how much cruel she and her husband, the exile president, would have over this movement. we'll have to see what happens. >> many thanks. libya's interior ministry said that many have been killed in fighting. the fighting began in the eastern city of bengahzi. five of the dead are soldiers. 47% were wounded including civilians the libyan army has declared a state of alert. several children in the central africa republic, since rebels have taken over many have not been able to going to school. in a few hours the u.n. security
council will meet to try to end the crie crisis. >> reporter: this is one of few schools to open in this remote region. these children have been violent and their families don't have enough to eat. there is very little teaching going on here right now. the best staff can do is try to make the children feel safe. >> everything is gone. everything has been stolen. the desks for the student, the teachers and directors, it's all been looted. we have no vehicles. there is nothing left. we make do with what we have. we meet under the trees. >> reporter: there aren't enough classrooms or teachers. some of the staff are too scared to leave their homes and walk here. these kids are waiting to go in their classrooms but their teachers haven't come to work today. there aren't enough teachers in
the country, and more than half the staff in school don't have the right qualifications. conflicts have made them worse and they have been de pride for years. only some can afford notebooks and pens. the others rely on chalk and slate, which w they wipe clean t the end of the day. they plan to send books at the end of the year, but there are not enough textbooks and children end up failing exams. >> to think about development and work on projects, this is not the case in central africa republic at the moment. >> reporter: the teacher asks his pupils what is peace? they answer that peace is when there is no war. these children are bright and
engaged, but they have to catch up on almost a year of schooling. in one of the poorest nations in the world the only hope people have of improving their lives is an education. right now they are not getting one. >> well, 15 people killed in a bombing in northern i would more than 14 years ago told al jazeera they would fight any attempt not to prosecute those responsible. we have more at our news center in london. >> reporter: yes, the victims' group said they are determined to undermine government officials who choose not to bring charges against those responsible. more than 3,500 people were killed during three decades of fighting between northern ireland's nationalists and those
loyal to britain. around 60% were killed in the campaigns in the irish republican party made of rome catholic irish nationalists. they wanted ireland to split from the united kingdom. groups known as loyalist along with the british army fought for ireland to remain under british rule, and it was responsible for 40% of deaths. >> reporter: this used to be a bar for catholics in divided belfast until one day 42 years ago when it was destroyed by a bomb planted by hard line protestant loyalists. loyalist death squads were being helped by the british. for those 4 years all these men who lost parents and grandparents in the explosion have tried to find the truth.
yet now at the very point when a new police investigation has been published they have been told there may no longer be the appetite for prosecutions. >> there was a small group involved but in my opinion they were under a british government. >> i don't think one can come without the other. for the communities to be reconciled we all have to agree to errors and mistakes made in the past. if we do not, there is a great chance we'll be repeating them again. >> there is a run for the anti-british movement here monday. a car bomb failed to detonate properly outside of a police station. which is a good gauge of their abilities. the world remains a
deep loathing in many places of people who live on the other side of the peace wall. but both sides agree that victim's opinions should not be ignored. >> we need to find out what the consensus is among victim groups. >> reporter: at one level belfast looks like any other british city this time of year. families enjoying the christmas market and people appearing to enjoying each other's company. but time appears not to be much of a healer. >> conflict resolution, is it better, is it possible to ask communities to forget the past and move on, or do you have to have a reckoning to get reconciliation. 15 years since good friday agreements which formerly ended the conflict here they still
don't seem to know the answer to that question. al jazeera, belfast. >> the former italian prime minister berlusconi told a press conference that documents prove that he didn't do anything wrong. these revelations come two days before the senate votes whether to kick him out of parliament because of the conviction. whaif you're stuck what to y for a gift, why not a pierce of eiffel tower. >> reporter: since it's construction in 1889 more than 250 million visitors have climbed its staircases and risen in its lifts. it remains to this day the highest structure in paris recognizable worldwide as a
symbol of the french capitol, and it was a pioneering example of art, engineering combined. the chance to own an original section of the eiffel tower is something very special, indeed. >> it was the invention of the structure. so a lot of houses had been made in this new technique. it was artistry and technique. >> a texas of those same steps remains on display halfway up the tower even today. can other historical artifacts offer clues to their value? in october this year a violin played on the titanic went for $1.7 million in auction. a piece of berlin wall, $50. how about an whole bridge.
an american developer bought london bridge for $1 million and put it in his theme park. >> i think it is a very beautiful object because it's not just a piece of the eiffel tower. it's also a staircase, it's also sculpture. it is also a wrought iron. there is a historical dimension to it, so this object is plenty of things. i wouldn't mind buying a piece of the eiffel tower because it has historical and sentimental value. sets are in new york and japan and in foreign collections located in canada, switzerland and brazil. painting this battle ship gray, this staircase does not convey the full majesty and romance of
the eiffel tower. but the magic is ascending and descending these stairs. al jazeera, paris. >> reporter: let's now go back to adrian in doha. >> neglecting india's heritage. we'll find out why some of new delhi's monuments are crumbling, and one o of the key players fls home. we'll have all the details linger >> and now, a techknow minute...
>> hello again. new delhi is home to more than a thousand ancient monuments, police station that have help shape the culture of history. but some are close to collapse after decades of neglect. >> reporter: it's business is usual at the front door of ancient history. this was the summer palace of india's last emporer. local resident has watched it lose its muster. >> this wall was neglected for so long. now the government is being more government, but the damage has already been done. >> reporter: one of dozens of ancient sites in new delhi that has suffered the effects. it's hard to argue against the irreparable nature of some of the damage.
but across the nation's capitol more important movements are under way to save what's left. in search of space and inspiration some local artists set up their studios within these ruins. that was about five years ago. it was followed by the redevelopment of a village into an entertainment hub. >> whatever you're seeing around the distortion and destruction of the historical sites in india. >> reporter: one of new delhi's most well-known historical sites. everything from the interior of the mausoleum to the gates to restore. >> local communities must benefit. >> reporter: restoring what is already has been deemed historically important is perhaps the easy part. for every one monday new
testament that is protect in the indian capitol, many go unnoticed. >> it's not a former archeological site. for example, it's totally unprotected by the law. that's a very odd situation. >> reporter: the security guard control gets stronger every day. without help it may crumble around him or succumb to india's drive. new delhi. >> more with sports. here is robin. >> reporter: jonathan trott has left with a there's-related illness. he had a disappointing opening test match, 10 and 9 rounds respectively. being the subject of criticism from australian players.
the intercricketter said he will take a break from cricket and will take no further part in the tour. he has been fined for miscondu misconduct. docked 20% of his match fee. >> he has been suffering from a stress-related condition for quite awhile. he has always managed it quite successfully. he has been a brilliant international batsman and hopefully will continue to be a brilliant batsman in the future. but he needs time away from this environment for a while. he needs time with his family. he needs time to reassess, and spend some quiet time with his family.
>> reporter: sebastian vettell at the brazilian grand prix and equaled the record of one of his heroes. >> reporter: sebastian vettel's dominant season ended with yet another victory but ended with rossburg taking over the redbull driver at the stop. but soon normal service was resumed with vettell regaining the lead. equaling the mark set by italian driver alberto ascaro and michael schumacher with 15 grand previctoriegrandprix victories e season. >> we'll have more sports at
last before the conference. botwe are in touch with both the government and the opposition. we're asking them to name their delegations as early as possible. hopefully before the end of the year because i think it's important that we meet them and speak to them and listen to them because this conference is really for the syrians to come to geneva, talk to one another, and hope for a start of a workable, effective peace process for their country. i think we had a good meeting. the secretary of general has spoken to press or is going to speak to the press, i don't know. he has done so already? he has probably answered all the
questions you want to ask me and you don't need to ask me. >> he didn't take any questions. >> yes, all right, a couple of questions? >> mr. brahimi, al jazeera english. can you tell me the iranians and saudi arabians will be coming to the january 22nd peace conference? >> we haven't established a list yet. the two countries will certainly be among the possible apartmen participants. >> yes, please? >> al jazeera. [ speaking in foreign language ]
>> yes, please. >> after this meeting, talking again about iran, do you see closer participation after this meeting, and if not, what is the main obstacle for that? thank you. >> i don't think i can comment on that. i think we said several times the secretary general of the united nations. secretary of general of the arab league are capable of inviting iran.
>> the. >> geneva communique insist on a peace fire. would that have to happen before the january 22nd or some day afterward? >> i'm not sure if the geneva communique community says, but we strongly appeal to the parties that since they are coming to this conference, this is as the secretary general said today, it is a huge opportunity for peace that shouldn't be wasted. this being so, we very strongly appeal to the syrian government, and the opposition not to wait for the conference. for confidence-building measures
>> welcome to al jazeera america. i'm del walters. here are the stories we're following for you. israel forcing its opposition against iran's nuclear program and now wants to talk with the u.s. children struggling to survive syria's bloody civil war, but will they live long enough to survive the latest effort towards peace. and the winter storm headed towards the business corridor during thanksgiving.