>> syrian refugees in jordan struggle to cope with the little that they have, and winter is coming. >> hello, welcome to al jazeera america live from doha. also on the program - protests in thailand. progovernment demonstrators are out in force as well. >> fighters are divided on weather to end a ceasefire in the north of mali. >> the fight against aids in senegal threatened by american funds drying up.
[ ♪ music ] >> we begin in the middle east where millions of syrian refugees are spread across the region, many facing the misery of a freezing winter away from home. many have been living in terms for more than a year and are treading low temperatures and conditions that are fast approaching. more than 2 million refugees have been forced to leave their country. 90s% are living in lebanon, turkey, iraq and egypt. we'll go to jordan in the largest camp for refugees. first a report from a northern iraq camp. >> it's early morning. the women in this refugee camp prepare food. they have been cooking outdoors since the summer. that will have to end. winter has some, and with it
plunging temperatures and rain. this woman wonders what she'll do when it's too cold to cook outside. >> i make an effort to cook every friday. with the rain we won't be able to do this. this small treat will be taken away from us. >> preparations to get the camp ready for winter are well under way. drainage systems are being put in place to make sure the camp doesn't floods. this man from the unrefugee agency says things are on track, but there's a long way to go. >> there'll be challenges, like any other program. but we are going to support the international community for the winter. >> there's a huge difference between a camp being ready for winter and the reality of having to actually live there. dispute harsh winter conditions, children find a way to smile and
have fun. >> these children take advantage of the relatively mild weather before the severe winter comes, but it almost doesn't matter how well prepared the camp is. the one thing that these children and residents of the camp wants is the one thing the aid agencies can't give them, and that's a safe passage back to a peaceful syria. the return to syria is a distant dream, there are more pressing things to worry about. >> 10 days ago it rained. the camp was flooded. my tent was flooded. my children couldn't walk. winter is coming and i'm scared of how bad things will get. >> with the u.n. agencies facing a funding crisis and the arrival of winter, this camp is not ready. technically it's ready, but it's scant comfort. what happens next here is up to
god. >> for 18 months the refugees here weathered scorching heat, sand storms and snow storms. their only shelter a plastic tent. a freezing winter is coming. for this family, the new traders couldn't arrive soon enough. >> in the winter the rain causes floods. tents collapse on people. if they have electricity, they catch fire. >> the people who have been here longest are the first to get a trailer. there's a lot of frustration when they are given out. there are strict rules to prevent people getting a trailer from taking advantage of their good fortune. in the past refugees that left would sell their trailers to hundreds of dollars to those living in tents. now they have to sign contracts promising they won't trade
property. this man has been in the camp for a year. the aid worker answers. those getting replacements have been living in tents for a year and a half. each trailer costs 2,500, and replacing tents has so far cost $35 million. there are thousands waiting for a trailer. around 3,000 families live in tents like these. the u.n. refugee agency says the hope it to replace all the tents with trailers by january before the weather is cold. refugees are getting thermal blankets before the winter sets in and temperatures fall below zero. winter clothing and shoes are given to the vulnerable, children under the age of five. there's not enough money to provide everything that is needed so conditions are difficult. >> we weren't prepared for the crisis to last longer.
it took many of the donors not by surprise, but they had to look to see if they have more money available. the refugees have no idea when they'll be able to return to their country. if founding is not delivered, they could suffer for more summers and winters. >> the leader of the antigovernment protests in thailand called for supporters to escalate campaigns and take over vehicles. the demonstrators are angry about a bill giving amnestry to the brother of yingluck shinawatra. thaksin shinawatra was prime minister before being overthrown in a military coup. yingluck shinawatra says she is open to talks. it's not just the opposition that is flexing its muscles on the streets. pro-government demonstrations are taking place. these are pictures of a rally that's been organised by the ruling party.
scott heidler gave us this update from democracy monument. >> like the previous six days columns of protesters from the movement have been dispatched, focussing on a government complex north of the city. there's a special investigation division for the police department. that was targeted, they got into the compound but they didn't enter the building. they went on to communication companies owned by the government. >> there's a new tactic on friday, a small letter campaign. protests in the royal thai army headquarters, it was presented to the head general asking one question - if you are with or against us. does the army support the antigovernment protesters or the prime minister yingluck shinawatra's government. the army said they represent all thai people. on the outskirts of the city, the red shirts, pro government
supporters, they held a rally in a football stadium. some of the protesters have been asked to go out to a university. it's something we haven't seen, face to face between those for the government and those against the government. so far it's been peaceful. those out there, organizers out will try to keep the groups separate. the government is on because they want to make sure this remains peaceful. the u.s. advise the airliners to comply with the new law. the chinese air force sent fighter jets to monitor u.s. and japanese aircraft flying through the zone on friday and covers an area over the disputed islands in the east china sea. the u.s., south korea and japan refuse to recognise the new zone. >> north korea released video of
an elderly u.s. citizen apparently apologising for crimes committed during the war in the 1950s. merrill newman read out a scripted statement. it was not known whether it was made under the u.s. in it he said he trained a unit of troops. he said they then killed innocent people. pyongyang accused them of trying to commit hostile acts during his trip to north korea. >> the governor of jakarta, the indonesian capital has popularity ratings many would envy. many believe that he could be president. some whether he could bring the same changes to the country as he has to the capital. >> he's timid, down to earth and not very articulate. everywhere he goes he a treated like a rock star. after giving free health care and education for the poor.
he has become a hero to many. >> translation: i'm really happy that he made school cheaper, compared to others who have not done much. jokuwe have done a lot. >> he travels to hospitals, slum areas and river banks nearly every day. his concern to close the gap between the rich and poor because he says he knows what it's like to be poor. >> when i was small boy from the age two jors and 12 years old, i live in the riverbank, with the gone, not good.
i lot of garage. >> he is now governing a sit of 10,000 with traffic congestion, corruption, flooding and poverty. he's optimistic he can fix the problems. >> a leader has to go to the people, touch their skin, hand, listen to their needs and make a policy based on that. going to the people means taking a bicycle to work. with a new leadership style. the governor managed to win over indonesians. they hope he will bring change. before he can join the election, it will be a bumpy ride. >> despite his popularity, his
candidacy has not been announ d announced. some doubt his ability to run a country. >> we don't know what his vision is for indonesia and its future. he never mentioned that. we doan know what is going on inside his head. we see the political measures. but to become president he needs more than that. >> the governor leaves it up to others to decide if he should leave indonesia. he says he has enough on his plate solving problems in jakarta, and trying to enjoy his favourite music. >> still to come here on al jazeera - pakistan's prime minister goes to afghanistan in an effort to kick start peace talks with the taliban. >> access all areas - not exactly. why the white house press corp is not happy.
welcome back, let's remind you of the headlines here at al jazeera - thousands of syrian refugees face the misery of another freezing winter. in a refugee camp in jordan trailers are arriving. many have lived in tents for a year. >> it protesters in thailand have been called on to intensify. government forces are rallying
as well. >> north korea's video of an elderly u.s. citizens admitting to crimes no the korean war in the 1950s. >> the pakistani prime minister nawaz sharif is in kabul and revving the afghan peace protest is tonne top of the agenda. hamid karzai is pushing them to help talk to the taliban. it was a backer of the taliban when it ruled the country during the late 1990s. the visit comes at a time when hamid karzai is locked in a dispute with the u.s. over a security pact. it covers the role of u.s. soldiers that will remain in afghanistan after the pull-out. let's speak to jane ferguson who is in kabul. the first time the pakistani prime minister has been in kabul since he took his third term. what is he doing there today? >> we are likely today to see
high-heavily talks between prime minister nawaz sharif and hamid karzai. nawaz sharif is likely to meet with the high-peace counsel, the body of elders gathered together since 2010 to try to push forward peace talks. they have been fraught with difficulty and stopped and started over the years. it will be crucial to his visit, speaking with the high suppose counsel. and we have spoken with a senior member this morning, who pushed the fact this they want the pakistani authorities to facilitate direct talks between the government and the afghan taliban here. that's what this visit is all about. there'll be discussions about further economic ties, further economic cooperation. the afghans are aware that pakistan's prime minister is essentially from a business community, from an industrialist family. they are hoping that not only will he see the importance of
economic ties, but how peace must be intertwined with that. >> are relations good between nawaz sharif and hamid karzai? >> it's earlierly to say. now only held office to months. when you talk about afghan-pack stan relations that ut point out the difference between the government and the military infrastructure involving the army and intelligence. the afghans have again and again criticised the pakistani military infrastructure for what they call giving safe havens to the afghan's taliban, aiding and helping them. there is hope here that the pakistani prime minister may get more power towards the civilian government. if that happens in the coming months and years, then
that could help facilitate peace talks. the afghans could accuse the pakistani military of not having a heart or wanting the peace talks to go ahead. there is hope, and the council themselves hope that if they work through a prime minister who is empowered that that could facilitate peace talks and that would grow relations between the afghan and pakistani government. >> good to here your thoughts. jane ferguson live in kabul. >> police are reportedly searching a park in nooern namibia for an aeroplane thought to have crashed there much the plane carries 34 people disappeared from mozambique. people saw smoke and heard explosions. they believe the plane went down in rough terrain in neighbouring namibia.
the search is difficult because the area is inaccessible by road. >> a number of malleean rebel leaders called fon an end to a ceasefire with the government. the mlna said it will pick up arms, following fighting in and around the northern rebel stronghold. protesters blocked a visit by the prime minister there thursday. mali is trying to rebuild its democratic system, leading to rebel groups taking control of the north. >> the problems that cause the unrest have not been rely solved. >> it is a reminder that, you know, this path to peace is difficult in mali. there are many assumptions that a military intervention from the french and malian forces would resolve the crisis. there are political and economic issues that need to be
addressed. the largely marginalised community has felt neglected, and so the root causes of the crisis remain in spite of the intervention, in spite of the elections, the root causes have not been addressed. now is the time to re double effort, to build firm the path to peace, to raise the voices of the peace activists, of the faith-based leaders, musicians who are calling for long-term resolution of the crisis. i think clearly their voices need to be expanded and amplified. >> africa has made great gains in the fight against aides. under president obama funds have been reduced and health experts warn the results could be disastrous. malco malcolm webb has this report.
>> this woman never wanted to become a sex workers, but had to feed her children. it was bad enough. things got worth when she developed aids. the stigma is unbearable. we changed her name and hid her face. >> translation: my son's only three years old. he's innocent. i gave him aids when he was born. i'm worried about what will happen to him when i die. everyone will see him as the chide -- child of a profit tute. >> this woman at this organization that helped sex workers with aids gets life-saving distrugs. 20% of health works r workers are hiv positive. medication reduces the chances that they'll pass on the virus.
>> low rates are credited to a campaign of treatment and preservation. local graffiti artists joining in, promoting condom use. these have been possible only with billions of support from the u.s. president bush increased spending on aids intervention. under barack obama money has deceased. >> we need more for the surfaces, ask barack obama to help us. we know that we need help. everyone who needs to be treated has to be treated. >> the u.s. says it's now spending efficiently so more people in africa are on the medication. there are millions more who are
not. for the women like this, working on the streets, the risks are enormous. the fight against aids clearly is not over yet. >> dozens of people accused of treeson in zambia have been released. charges have not been dropped. the barotz jirks monastery signed a treaty to relinquish their region and join zambia. many in barotzi lands are farmers. even today some are too afraid to speak out against the government of the we spoke to a farmer willing to share his story. >> this man has lived on the floodplains of the zambezi
river. his farm is in the heart of barotza land, a monarchy in which the king signed a treaty to join rhodesia to form an independent zambia. when the rains come, the river rises. this year it's a rising tide of separatist sentiment that he's thinking about. >> i think the biggest problem is that there is separation in a sense. i was grateful there was a promise to help us. after becoming president, he's gone back on his word. people who question that are charged with treason. >> his name is progress, but he has seen none. e believes the government failed to improve infrastructure and basic services. he can't afford to send all his
children to school. some have to work. >> i was expected to make a good living. i need help from government - a plough, seed and fertiliser. i work hard, but get hardly anything from it. >> after hours in the field, the day is nearly over. he's had a long time to think about what is best for his family's future. he is afraid he may get in trouble for speaking his mind, like dozens that have been arrested this year. >> from what i have soon government has not been able to help us. we should be let go to chart our own way. we don't benefit. >> their life is simply in a comblex historical theme. around the fire, the desire for sex-determination burns. >> riot place in ukraine broke
up a mass government demonstration. police used batons to clear the demonstration in the early hours of saturday. several were injured. thousands staged mass rallies call for the president to resign. >> news organizations in the u.s. are protesting against what they call unprecedented restrictions on reporting in the white house. only official photos are allowed. independent journalists are unfairly shut out. >> sometimes it may seem like the white house press core is spending too much energy. the freedom of the press to cover events is a fundamental right for journalists. the white house didn't have a difficulty allowing photographies in for this.
the new policies are clear, for significant events no independent observations will be allowed. instead only official photographs like these. >> what we have done is we have tried to provide technology and a personal photographer as a way to provide additional insight into what is happening at the white house. that is why n.b.c. will ask if there's a photo we can release. that is because we want to provide additional agz. >> some in the press core argue that many events are official business and the administration's release of vetted photos to be distributed widely by social media, shows the white house recognises their news worthy innocence. the white house is accused of replacing independent photo journalism with individual press
releases. for example this photo of the president and hillary clinton. >> it gives a sense of what is happening in the lunch. we released a photograph. >> it's a photograph that has been... >> the washington editor of a group that operates 30 newspapers announces that their publications will not run the official photos unless there's a security reason for not allowing a photographer to attend. >> if the white house is not going to allow a basic journalistic access, to take pictures, we don't feel we should run those issued. we are seeing a lot of measures we have never seen before, to this degree, to crackdown on the flow of information. >> back at the white house the photo op is over. contemporary reporters and future historians will have plenty of documentation with which to shape the analysis and
historical record of the white house christmas tree ceremony. >> lots more goodies on the website - new, videos, blogs. click on aljazeera.com. >> forget about the mall, what about shopping for tech shops. and go digital or go home. it's down to the wire for small theater owners who are still relying on old film projectors. i'll take to you the movies in maine. i'm ali velshi. this is "real money." ♪ >> this is "real money." you are the most important part of the show, so join our live