tv America Tonight Al Jazeera December 11, 2013 4:00am-5:01am EST
>> thousands of riot police confront protestors in ukraine. they've now stormed city hall, attempting to remove demonstrators who have occupied the building. hello from al jazeera's headquarters in doha. i'm jane dutton. also ahead, lying in state. nelson mandela is honored by the heart of south africa's government. his former wives have arrived to pay their respects. a frenzy of hate in central african republic. angry mobs attack modification
in the capital. the southeast asian games heads to myanmar for the first time in 40 years. we'll have a live report ahead of the opening ceremony. riot police in ukraine have stormed kiev's city hall in an attempt to force out protestors camped outside. earlier they fought with protestors as they tried to clear out acamp of the square. after viktor yanukovych refused to sign an agreement with eu for trade agreement. tim friend joins me from kiev. it's a fluid situation and
within the last half hour or so the riot police have pulled right back. they've retreated. there's not a van in sight. one of their advance have moved into the square earlier. and you can't really see any evidence of the riot police themselves. and just beneath us here, the protestors have started at least to try to build new barricades. so -- and a number of people in the skill in independence square is actually more than we witne witnessed on tuesday. here's my colleague, robin forester walker with the detail of the events. >> it's been a revolutionary movement for kiev and the government unwilling to lose face. after high level u.s. and eu talks, government stormed
barricades. at first it seemed like a battle to reclaim the square, held by the opposition for morn a fortnight. progress was slow. it took more than three hours for hundreds of police to break the lines. >> the whole purpose of this situation has not been to take back the square but to take down the protestors' encampment around it. it's been a show of force but so far it seems without the use of violence. all the while, opposition leaders called up the movement to stay firm and peaceful. some youths were in the mood for trouble but others for preventing violence and consequences. frcarb rin ashton the eu foreign affairs chief who earlier had
stood with tra demonstrators in the square said she was saddened by events and criticized the use of force. as long as the russian president opposes ukraine forging closer ties with europe, viktor yanukovych's hands are tied. a show of strength that enough is enough, and that it's time for everyone to go home. robin forester walker, al jazeera, kiev. >> tim, what about the diplomatic overtures or gestures if there are any at the moment? >> well, i think everyone is hoping that there still might be room for some sort of compromise. but while this sort of game of one side pushing against other and then the other pushing back goes on, i think it's very
difficult to get talks started. katherine ashton, the eu foreign envoy is still in town, she has condemned the action that happened overnight. she said it's heavy handed. john kerry, the u.s. secretary of state made the same point. the crowd disappointed with president yanukovych's reaction. but both sides are trying to assert their dominance over this independence square here in central kiev. >> let's leave it there. tim, thank you s thank you veryr that. let's go to south africa where nelson mandela's coffin is lying in state. it arrived flanked by soldiers dignitaries and members of his family. mandela will lie in state for three days, allowing south
africans to pay their respects one last time. mike, in the last two hours or so his two former wives were there. i imagine it was pretty emotional. >> yes indeed. throughout this period of mortgages, graca machel and 1ie mandela, have been gracious. they are again together. so they will be among the first
to view the body, as i said accompanied by the state president. other dignitaries will then follow what we will be seeing in the course of the morning and day are speeches from the podium in what has been renamed the nelson mandela amphitheater. that is a huge area of serrated steps in front of the union buildings itself. there will be a series of speeches. we are told by protocol officials that there simply was not enough time for everybody who wanted to speak to have a say. particularly the many international guests who are here including heads of state and including possibly the queen's representative prince charles. >> and mike anybody who makes it there will pass so many buildings and monuments that have played such an important part in south africa's history. >> well, when the cortege moved
through the area, that core tajtcortegepassed through placef history. most importantly the palace of justice, opposite the central square which is where the rivonia trial took place. nelson mandela and a number of his colleagues, fellow anc members were sentenced to life imprisonment in that trial. the courtroom was there, where nelson mandela once stood some 40, 50 years ago. and then the pretoria central prison, he was arrested in a roadblock in 1963, he was held in that prison awaiting trial in separate charges brought in reevonia. parts that have been touched in
some way by nelson mandela very much part of his struggle, very much part of his history. most importantly though jane this building, this is building where he was naughted a inaugur. >> arriving to file past the coffin with nelson mandela's body in it. at the union buildings inpre are tor yaare -- pretor pretoria. >> the u.s. has approved $60 million for equipment for central african republic. two french officials were killed monday night as they tried to
disarm exatants. reporting from bangui. >> this is a cup that has been swept up in a fren di frenzy of. these pictures filmed by amnesty international shows the aftermath of an attack on a mosque. local christians burned it down. and now, they are stripping it apart. the graffiti on the wall insults the rubble president, michel djotodia. he led the mainly antimuslim coalition that took over in march. >> in new horrific situation. last week it was a fighting between armed people. now we are witnessing fighting among communities. >> french soldiers are here to
protect civilians but they too are becoming targets. french president francois hollande afs visit to bangui was to boost the morale of the rest of his forces. now it is the african forces that are more visible, protecting the special representatives to the country. what we need is just the international community and the logisticallal, all ologistical e people in their hands. >> the role of the forces will be more important. the only safe way to get around central african republic, there are no french soldiers ton streets at the moment. there is no rule of law here.
muslims are being targeted by christians and christians are being targeted by muslims. on monday, french soldiers were disarming rebel groups. now they must work out their next strategy. that leaves armed fighters free to roam the streets. and angry mobs to take out their revenge. nasine mashiri, al jazeera, bangui. >> jackie where do these deaths leave president francois hollande in relation to this latest military intervention? >> well, clearly they are a major setback in terms of the french intervention in mali, was really the first -- sorry in the central africa republic. it really was the first day in which the french forces were out on the streets disarming rebels and yet within a matter of hours
of beginning that mission already two french soldiers killed. francois hollande restating france's commitment to this mission, of course it's dangerous, but it's necessary to carry out in order osave more lives and carnage. clearly it's not the same mission as conducted by french troops in mali at the beginning of the year, in which they were able to push back fighters, this is a very difficult situation here. >> the french parliament debated the different circumstances on tuesday. what is it that the political parties pats are saying about this? >> there was broad cross-party support for operation before it began. there were just dissenting voices on the far right, and the
far left. now however we are seeing far more questions raised. by the former president nicholas sarkozy, and the question that was echoed by the far left party, where are the europeans in this and how is it that france is expected always to be the policeman of africa. are french soldiers still engaged had mali, 3,000 troops there, 1600 on the ground now in the central african republic. the defense minister reiterated on wednesday morning that the operations should only last six months. i think there are plenty of people here in france that are skeptical about france being able to withdraw that soon.
>> this isn't a new channel, this is a watershed moment in media for america. >> this entire region is utterly devastated. >> people our here are struggling. >> the fire jumped the highway we took earlier. >> your average viewer want's to actually understand how the health care law is going to help them or hurt them. >> they know they can get extremist bickering somewhere else. >> people say that we're revolutionary. our revolution is just going back to doing the best in journalism. >> this is the place to go watch high quality journalism, period.
hall, in ucraip. earlier they tried to clear a protest camp in one of the capitol's main squares. demonstrators want viktor yanukovych to resign. nelson mandela's body is lying in state in pretoria. jacob zuma has arrived to pay his respects. former wives, graca machel and 1ie mandela are also there. french president francois hollande visits the capitol of central african republic, bangui after the death of two french soldiers. signs of dismay out of the courts in nu delhi.
only india's parliament can change the law by removing a section of the penal code that dates back to the 19th century. sahel raman has the report. from new delhi. >> the two man supreme court bench led by justice singhi. the penal code 377 has removed by the delhi high court, in 2009. the high court were absolutely adamant and very clear in their judgment that they were not making any judgment about gay and lesbian lifestyles or the law, as it stands in india, but it was the procedural aspect of how penal code 377 has been removed by the delhi high court. and they deemed that illegal. now what they're saying is the
decision to remove the law is up to the supreme court, throwing the ball back into parliament's side saying you need to debate this, you need to talk about this and you need to make the decision on whether penal code 377 is removed from the indian statute which would then allow gay relationships and gay sex not to be illegal in india. the big are question perhaps for those rights activists and their supporters will be, will this issue be depated in parliament at the moment? we have recently seen state elections and everybody talking in india now about a general election in 2014. perhaps the question is how high up the agenda this issue or will it be debated in the new parliament post a new election. myanmar is about to host its first sporting competition in 40
years. it is a traditional game that's likely to pull the crowds. florence louie reporting from the capitol. >> this is warming up for a practice session. speed, agility and a bit of ruthlessness you need to play this game well. players can use any part of their body except hands and arms. the objective is like volleyball, keeping the ball aloft before smashing it into the net. >> i like when the split second the ball is above the net and anybody's to take. >> the lat last time is asian gs of three years ago ago. basket or ball in thai, known by other names in southeast asian
countries malaysia and thailand came up with the name as a sort of compromise. any small patch of ground can be turned into a court with just bamboo poles and a net. players tuck their sarongs nonas bangees into their waist. >> we have a saying here myanmar will dominate. >> the sport is an adaptation of chinlun. not competitive and the exist is on grace and skill. the last time myanmar hosted the games was in 1969. it lost out on other opportunities when the military ran the country. a huge source of pride for the athletes, a hoping that a bit of
home advantage will help them win a capitol but they feel a huge sense of pride that these gauges actually are returning to the country. now, this is a country that's had to catch up in a sense in the last few years with the technology, with infrastructure, with facilities, so the fact that myanmar is able to host this event even though it's just confined to southeast asians is a source of pride. they'll be able to watch an international sporting event in their country. of course for the government they're hoping that there will be some spillover economic
events, economic benefits from these games, there are thousands of delegates, officials and athletes in this country for this 11 day event and some of them will hopefully be extending their stay and giving a boost to tourism. >> thank you for that florence. debate lasted almost 13 hours but as monica yeneke reports before the decision was over, crowds were cheering in the state. >> uruguay's senate approved the distribution and consumption of marijuana. long before the decision was over crowds were cheering in its streets. a 40-year-old decree allows people to smoke it, and
thousands do. but they can't buy or sell it. this, in turn, has created a market for drug traffickers. says uruguayn congressman hugo brava, who wrote the law. >> we had two options, to let the state market of $40 million instead of leaving it to dealers in the streets. >> buying up to 40 grams of weed per month. the government says that legal marijuana will be cheaper and safer than pot sold in the black market. one must register in order to get it or to plant it at home and not everyone is ready to do so. this man, who preferred not to identify himself, says he won't
their it just yet. >> you'll against declaring it. i'm not afraid of the government or the police, but have been kicked out of my job by my boss who doesn't know i smoke weed. up to 40 hectares of cannabis. may compromise the drug war in neighboring countries. >> fighting drug trafficking is something serious which cannot be done unilaterally by one country. uruguay's president also thinks this country cannot act on its own. that's why he asked for international consensus. the government needs at least 120 days to regulate its new legal marijuana market.
and uruguayns are still divided. the president hopes the citizens will join his campaign. monica al jazeera montivideo. the investigation by the new york police department found that four attackers raided the mall, kenyans say 15 attackers at least 60 foreign nationals were involved. 66 were killed at the kenyan mall in september. abduction he are quite common in yemen with armed tribesmen and l equally linked. >> it seems that miley cyrus is
not as popular as she might think. jerald tan, with quite a few "like"s himself. >> facebook, a modern day diary for more than 1 billion people on the planet to share news during good times and bad. births and babies are a common feature on the site and in 2013, one in particular. the arrival of the u.k.'s future monarch. but posts on the royal baby were still a far cry from that of the biggest conversation driver, pope francis. the new leader of the roman catholic church is described as a pope of firsts, the first pope from the americas, the southern
hemisphere and the jesuit order, he could add another to that list as the first to make waves on social media. the top 10 list released by facebook reveals a compelling set of trends this year. the election was second most popular, covering the ballots in pakistan, malaysia, to name a few. and rounding off the list were the bombings of the boston marathon, tour did he france as well as the passing of one of humanity's giants, nelson mandela. with memorial events unfolding in south africa, millions of people continue to go on to pay tributes flooding facebook with pictures and posts. from human or to humor to hope
and heartache. facebook has picked up on the emotions of the world, a growing network of life today. jerald tan, al jazeera. >> you can keep up to date by all the news logging onto our website, aljazeera.com. the nelson mandela tribute, the story of apartheid on "inside story." >> hello, i'm ray suarez. the world said goodbye and thank you to nelson mandela in an emotional memorial service in a
stadium in johannesburg. southern africa, home to some of the most important mineral deposits were racked by civil war pitting sides against each other. murdering political opponents at home and in exile. what south africa follow angola and mozambique in civil war with its large population and decades of bitterness, it created the potential of being the most dangerous of all. on this edition of "inside story" we'll be discussing nelson mandela and the process of negotiation that kept south africa from tearing each other apart. dignitaries, family, friends, and south
africans of all color, thousands of mourner poured into the soccer stadium to celebrate the life of nelson mandela. >> to the people of south africa, people of every race and every walk of life, the world thanks you for sharing nelson mandela with us. his struggle was your struggle. his triumph was your try you triumph. in through speeches both white and black south african s mourned around the country together. >> there is nothing that we can do more for this country. i just want to say thank you to him. >> reporter: mandela's vision of today's rainbow nation was formed when he was an activist in the think of south africa's apartheid rule.
his multi cultural embrace was evidence with his friendship circle as world leaders paid thanks some using his clan name, madiba. >> like the south africans who mourn madiba with their chants, we proudly carry african blood in our veins. >> we stand proud of you, madiba, bringing venues of freedom, solidarity, equality, sacrifice, and human dignity. >> reporter: for all his life he has strived for the liberation of africa nations and championed the dignity of the african people. >> many honored mandela 's
crusade for con sol days. >> there are many people who feel-- >> in 1961 after years of stalled peaceful protests and leaders assigned mandela to mobilize a militant branch although not targeting civilians, an estimated 60 people died as a result of guerrilla warfare. mandela and others were sentenced to life in prison. racial tension flared to new levels and the institution of apartheid began to unravel. >> these state of affairs can no longer be tolerated. >> reporter: the south african government secretly met with mandela to try to negotiate peace. in 1990 after years of hard bargaining mandela was released from prison. once freed he was immediately
called upon to lead. townships were descending into anarchy as groups battled one another as well as the state. civil war was a real threat. for years mandela worked to end apartheid with the white president, frederick declerk. he had won a nobel peace prize for it. in 1994 mandela was elected the first black president, and it was also the first vote he was allowed to cast. >> of our hopes and dreams that we have cherished . >> reporter: today, mandela's great granddaughter remembered him. >> the future without madiba. you are in our memory.
you tower over the walls leaving streaks of light for us to follow. we salute you. >> one of mandela's most important legacies was the support for truth and reconciliation commission. thousands of victims and perpetrators, black and white, told their stories to the public. amnesty was granted in hundreds of cases . >> we bot had both fear and the highest expectation of the majority. >> but much is still left to be done in the infant democracy. >> he told us that the promises of democracy would not be met overnight, and that the fears of the few would not be allowed to delay th
. >> corruption and scandals rampant in the anc political party, and white-owned businesses are in lieu contra-tive partnerships with the investors. the gap between rich and poor is still one of the largest in the world. south africa's struggle would not have been denied by mandela . president obama touched on the human side of the global icon. >> smiling and serene, detached from the tawdry affairs. he resisted such a life. [ cheering ] >> instead, madiba insisted on
sharing with us his doubts and spirits. i'm not a saint, he said, unless you think of a saint as a sinner who keeps on trying. ♪ >> joining us to discuss nelson mandela's commitment to reconciliation and the transfer imagination of south africa into a multi racial republic in cape down glenda, director of transformation services at the university of cape town. she was a commissioner on the south africaen commission. and dave stewart, chief of staff to former president declerk. here in our studio, senior scholar at the wilson center in washington, d.c. and author of "chained together:
mandela , de clerc." my guests are very thoughtful people, the pause that you'll hear is not because they're taking a long time to think about it, but there is a little bit of a delay on the satellite with us this evening, so bear with us. dave stewart, in the 1980s the world had a not seen nelson mandela for 20 years but there was terrible unrest, and in the soweto up rising there was greater resistence to the government's rule. were there people in the cabinet saying we have to talk to nelson mandela, and it would be a big mistake to let him die in jail. >> well, yes, for some time there were moves to engage
nelson mandela in discussions. former president offered to release nelson mandela if he went to the transsky homeland. but nelson mandela in a very principled manner said no. he didn't want to be released under that basis. he wanted to be released into a free south africa. throughout the 80's members of the south african government were looking to dismount the tiger of minority rule in which they found themselves. but it is a very danger process. >> was there a growing realization as the talks began that it was going to take a lot more. that nelson mandela's price at the end of the process was going to be higher than a lot of members of government were ready to pay?
>> no, i don't think so. i think when f.w. de clerc announced th the road of negotiation on february 2, 1990, that this would end in majority rule. but it hoped that it would be majority rule with a strong constitution that would protect the rights of all south africans. >> let me go next to glenda, give people a sense of what was going on in black communities in the early 1980's. was there starting to be some hopelessness that the world was watching what was happening in south africa, that there was going to be a bitter end to this story? >> thank you, ray, yes, of course, there was widespread
depression in south africa particularly black townships with where people were opposing apartheid, and people were struggling against the oppressive rule and against the conditions , living conditions in black townships. and many people were rising up, particularly as you mentioned after the '76 up rising, the soweto up risings, and into the '80's it became the height of the struggles, and people were becoming more and more impatient with the present government. with the oppression, widespread detentions, and people were in political prisons. we were also available to assist those who were imprisoned.
we had to -- to ensure that people were not taken to hospitals because that's where they were arrested as well. so there was widespread oppression. there was lots of anger around, but amidst all of that there was a sense of optimism that we would be able to end oppressive rule, and end apartheid . >> david, during the 1960's there were extra judicial killings, there was the mas massacre massacre, nelson mandela and his colleagues were sent to prison. but people weren't paying attention. in the 1970's came the soweto up rising and great unrest in black townships. in the 1980s as we were entering the final phases of the
cold war, but we didn't know it yet, did people look at south africa in a different way? >> the apartheid movement was moving by leaps and grounds. particularly on the campuses of the united states people students were mobilizing, boycotting companies in the united states who were investing in south africa. here in the united states it was still front and center issue for a lot of people. >> but one that grew from year to year? >> it did, all the way up to 1990 when the nelson mandela was finally released. but particularly here in the united states this became a real cause i celeb for young people,
even some business organizations that brought pressure to bear on american companies to stop investing in south african stocks and companies. >> i want to talk about that divestment, and the pressure it might have made on the outcome. when we come back. we're going to take a short break. this is "inside story." al jazeera america is growing and now more americans are getting the high quality, original, in-depth reporting al jazeera america is known for. >> to find out more about al jazeera america go to aljazeera.com while you were asleep news was happening. >> here are the stories we're following. >> find out what happened and what to expect. >> international outrage. >> a day of political posturing. >> every morning from 5 to 9 am al jazeera america brings you more us and global news than any
other american news channel. >> tell us exactly what is behind this story. >> from more sources around the world. >> the situation has intensified here at the border. >> start every morning, every day 5am to 9 eastern. >> with al jazeera america. have been telling you in the san joaquim river, freeze warnings in effect. never seen too much in terms of rain. los angeles, you are going to be seeing some beautiful weather all the way to sunday even into the low 70 did or high 60s, partly cloudy conditions, overnight, about 44 degrees. texas also dry for you as well. we saw rain showers and a mix of precip just a little bit up here towards the north. temperatures for dallas at about 42. san antonio at 55. for houston, well, you are going to be seeing rain by the time we end the week. 59 degrees there. that will will last one day. your weekend should look better with a high of 63. over here towards the southeast, some rain showers pushing through orlando right now.
atlanta is going to be about 56. an american auto maker making history. the newer ground general motor is making as it names its latest ceo. the stream is uniquely interactive television. in fact, we depend on you, your ideas, your concerns. >> all these folks are making a whole lot of money. >> you are one of the voices of this show. >> i think you've offended everyone with that kathy. >> hold on, there's some room to offend people, i'm here. >> we have a right to know what's in our food and monsanto do not have the right to hide it from us. >> so join the conversation and make it your own. >> watch the stream. >> and join the conversation online @ajamstream. >> welcome back to "inside story." i'm ray suareza. on this day where people have gathered to
memorialma memorialize nelson mandela. dave stewart, just before the break, you heard david ottaway talking about the rising anti-apartheid movement here in the united states. was there a strong sense that the world was starting to withdraw its support for the government in pray tore i can't, and did that have a role in changing the orientation of that government towards its own future? >> well, ray, that was one of the factors. but there were other factors. to start with, the south african government had for many years
been aware of the need to find a lasting solution. the previous president thought he could do it through reform. but the reality is that it could not be reformed. it was not enough to change to the acceptance by all sides by 1987 that there could not be an armed revolutionary outcome or an armed military outcome. it showed that satisfactory outcomes could be achieved in negotiations with one's bitterest enemies provided there was
an acceptable constitutional framework. another factor was full of th fall of the berlin wall, and the collapse of communism. that has always been one of south africa's main strategic concerns. this all came together in the 19 1980s, and it opened the window for f.w. de clec. and they jump there had. >> we've spent so much time talking about the change of heart inside the south african government of the day, was there also a great difference of opinion among others in south africa about what the future would look like? were there some people who looked at post colonial countries in the rest of the continent and said we got to do our own thing. we have to break the grip that white south africans have on our economy, our government, our
educational system, and do our own black thing. while there were people on the other side who said no, no, after 300 years we all have a stake in whatever country this is going to become. you cannot have an afro-centric, a black- centric future? >> there were those who felt there we should have a non-racial society, bring people in different walks of life and different political opinion together, and we should you have a nation brought together by reconciliation and move forward. there were some people who felt that we should , as you put it, do our own black thing.
but those were in the minority. most people . most people who i came in contact with felt we should talk together. when the negotiations happened , the proposed talks of national government unity, there was a great sense that we could pull our nation together. many people struggled and suffered for many years believing that we can come together as a nation and move forward. >> we'll take a short break and when we return we'll talk more with david ottaway about the last days of apartheid in south africa, and our nelson mandela's influence shaped the post liberation state.
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and hard hitting. >> we've heard you talk about the history of suicide in your family. >> there's no status quo, just the bottom line. >> but, what about buying shares in a professional athlete? >> welcome back. i'm ray suarez, and this is itsel "inside story." david ottaway, you don't always get to pick your history. were they lucky that it was nelson mandela and his comrades sitting across the table when it came time to talk about what the future country would look like? >> definitely lucky. you don't find too many statesmen like nelson mandela anywhere in the world. he really stabilized the country in this transition period when there were enormous tensions between blacks and whites and
really almost civil war in the two factions of the black community. and the leadership particularly the first two years after he got out, and there was enormous provecatioprove provocation, and they decided to go through negotiations and he really made the difference. >> glenda talked about the differences inside black opinion. did they realize they were talking to a man who didn't want to nationalize the economy and send the white people packing like they did in other african states. >> they hadn't heard from him in 27 years. they didn't even know what he looked like because it was prohibited to even public his picture. when he got out it was
60's socialism jargon, but he soon got over that an realized if they were going to make a go of this, they had to make serious compromises on economic policy and bringing whites into comprehensive solution. >> glenda, oliver , walter, nelson mandela, they're all dead now. that generation has moved on. what is job one for south africa's leaders today looking forward? >> we have a big responsibility to take up the mantle that has been dropped by mandela , walter, and oliver. we have to be sure that their legacy continues. that is a challeng
challenge to our present government and future government, to ensure that their legacy continues. >> can they do it? can they satisfy the aspirations of the poor mass who is are not sure that the gifts of the revolution have really worked out? >> that's a big challenge. that's a very big challenge at moment. hold our government to account, and. >> glenda, thank you very much for joining us from cape town along with david stewart, david ottawa, that brings us to the end of this edition of "inside story." in washington, i'm ray suarez.