documentary series fault lines the deported only on al jazeera america grand m [e]sa national forest it's the final day of voting in egypt's presidential elections. former army chief abdul fatah al-sisi is on the brink of an almost-certain victory. you're watching al jazeera. also ahead - nigeria's army says "we know where they are, but we can't tell you." the defense chief claiming to have found the missing school girls. a symbolic meeting between india and pakistan - shaking hands for the first time in a
decade. the pope compares sex abuse to performing a satanic mass and announced that he will meet a group of victims next month. it's the second and final day of egypt's elections. former army chief abdul fatah al-sisi who led the coup last july looks set to win a landslide victory. the brotherhood asked followers to boycott the vote. the european union's lead electi election... >> one of the main things of democracy is freedom of speech. of course, we are extremely worried about the - all the international community is worried about the facts of
hundreds of sentences announced by a judge. but this is not exactly the scope of an election observation, but, of course, we are - we are politicians. so we have our own political judgment. we, of course - we regret and condemn the fact that some of your colleagues, in the case of al jazeera, are in gaol at this moment. well, abdullah is an assistant professor of history in qatar. thank you for making it into the studio. it seems like it is a foregone conclusion that will have a certain victory. put this into context for us. apart from his personality, what is driving his popularity. >> in many ways this harkens back not to the elections that
we have seen in the last couple of years, in which there was a context, or symbolic elections that we have seen hosni mubarak win year after year throughout the three decades that he was in power. in that sense it's meant to legitimize a regime that came to power, using forceable oppression and violence and is trying to show there is many that feel uneasy about the revolution, an uneasy democratic revolution. destroying networks, things that were there from the hosni mubarak years. it's an attempt to reinstate those things by state's institutions like the security sector, all of whom ben fitted from the arrangements. >> let's make this clear, those who were against president
mohamed mursi, the previous president were not necessarily in favour of the coup. where is their voices. where are their voices in this election? >> we have seen that the voices have been fractured. a lot is down to the fact that the state uses forceable repress. think back to when there was a constitutional referendum. those that wanted to go out and vote no on the constitution, pane were arrested for advocating the no vote. there's a lack of choice. many took to boycotting the elections. we don't see them as a fair process or reflective. some tried to back the candidacy of hamdeen sabahi, because they think he's an alternative voice. i think there is little possibility that he would stand a chance, given the support the state is doing or backing for the abdul fatah al-sisi president. >> thank you for the insight. >> isn't professor of history at
george found university in qatar. >> al jazeera is continuing to demand the release of its journalist held in egypt. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed have been held in prip for 150 days. their trial has been adjourned until june the 1st. they are accused of conspiring with the outlawed muslim brotherhood. al jazeera rejects the charges against all its staff. a fourth journalist, abdullah al-shami, has been held in a cairo prison without charm for more than nine months. abdullah al-shami's lawyer filed a third grievance to the attorney-general demanding his release and demanded a medical report to document his poor health. >> the nigerian military ruled out the use of force to rescue more than 200 schoolgirls kidnapped six weeks ago. the army says it located the girls, but claimed launching an offensive may get them killed. the girls were tape from their
school by boko haram fighters in april. >> we know, but we cannot tell you. leave us alone, we are working. we'll get the girls back. there are people from outside. that's why when the president said we have al qaeda in west africa, i believe it 100%. >> our correspondent is standing by in the capital. we have heard the army chief there. are these words really to apiece public anger over government inaction, or is there validity to his words? >> well, it's really not clear. remember that the chief of defense staff gave the interview to the state newsagency in which he said the girls had been found, they couldn't verify where the girls were or tell the public, and also that the parents should be patient with the military authorities about the rescue effort that is
underway. whether the public will have confidence in what the chief of defense staff is saying is difficult to say. remember there has been a lot of conflicting information since the girls were taken on april 14th. initially the military said remember that a certain number of girls had been taken away. they said more than 100 were rescued. there was a u-turn. in the eyes of the public the military has appeared to be confused or conflicted in terms of the information that it's been giving out to the public. given the international notoriety of the story and the public outcry over the story, that the chief of defense staff would be unlikely to release such a statement and make such comments without having first verified the details from officers on the ground and perhaps communicated request the nigerian presidency about this.
because of the sensitivity. at this statement no other arms of government have said anything about the statement that came out from the chief of defense staff. it's worth pointing out, which some viewers have pointed out to me. they are saying chief of defense said that boko haram would be crushed, destroyed within three months. the next day he did a you turp, so it's not clear how accurate the information is. naturally people are hoping that it's true, and the girls will be brought back soon. >> meantime the girls are missing. is there an indication as to how the army will proceed going forward. >> no. since the story broke, the military said to the nigerian public and us, the media, that they are not going to give a running day to day commentary on what our sensitive security operations to try to rescue the girls. at this moment the answer is no,
they have not said what they'll do operationally. they have set up daily briefings, or every two or three days they give a briefing where they try to give the public new information. in the last few days there has been little information on the whereabouts of the girls and what the military authorities are doing to find them. >> thank you for that, from the nigerian capital abuja a sudanese woman who has been sentenced to death gave birth to a baby girl. meriam ibrahim was convicted of abandoning islam and marrying a muslim. according to authorities, she will be executed once she finishes nursing her baby. an appeal has been launched joo. 10 vietnamese fisher me have been rescued after their boat was ramped near the oil rig near the parasol islands.
the vietnamese bopt, says the chinese media, harassed the chinese craft before colliding with it. the data used to check the math of mh370 mass has been released. relatives had been calling for the information to be made public. it includes 14 pieces of data sent between the satellite and the plane in hours after it disappeared on march the 8th. >> the leaders of india and pakistan held face to face talks in over a decade. pakistani prime minister nawaz sharif met his indian counterpart narendra modi in new delhi. we go live to new delhi. we are not expecting a real announcement from this meeting. how is it being played out in india? >> well, with great
anticipation. when mr narendra modi, then the prime minister elect announced that he had made invitations to all the south asian associations for regional cooperation, the countries that surround india and form part of the economic group took time for the pakistani prime minister nawaz sharif to make up his mind. he arrived, as seen on monday, all the leaders, congratulating him on his group. this is roughly an idea of all the national newspapers, what they say, looking at narendra modi's inauguration, and an important handshake on monday. becoming the 50th prime minister. we are not expecting a formal statement. the trade and cross-boarder
security has been discussed. >> both leaders may want to turn the page to better tides. will they allow them to do that, that both share a bloody and violent history. >> yes, both are nuclear armed neighbours, and disputed territory of kashmir. depending which perspective you look at, india argues and accuses pakistan of the sponsoring terrorism, by alarming fighters across the boarder to attack and kill soldiers. there has been other bloody confrontations. india's previous government would not stand. and narendra modi as prime minister said he'd take to task anyone that crossed the border.
he had to tone that down while nawaz sharif is here. the other thorn in the side is those that perpetrated the 26/11 attacks in mumbai. india demanded on several occasions, and it's across political parties, that they want the perpetrators, and those behind the attacks to be brought to justice, beprosecuted. they believe that pakistan is harbouring them. while those issues continue, it seems that certainly the two government democratically elected government who want to work together, and narendra modi has offered a former olive branch that nawaz sharif grasped. it's up to the foreign secretaries and ministers to progress that forward to meetings in the future. on this side of the border, the indian publish, press, pleased that he has arrived and hope that this can develop into a
friendlier relationship, one that would reap benefits politically and in terms of grade. >> it's early days. thank you for that live from new delhi. still to some - syria's cultural catastrophe. how the war is destroying historical sites and what is being done about it. fight for control of donetsk airport. separatists report heavy casualties.
welcome back. the top stories here on al jazeera. egyptians vote for a second and final day to choose a new president. abdul fatah al-sisi is expected to win the contest. he is facing leftist politician hamdeen sabahi. the nigerian military ruled out force to rescue the kidnapped school girls. it says it has located the girls but an offensive may get them kill. india's prime minister and pakistan's prime minister are holding bilateral talks, the first since 2002. well, it's unclear whether ukranian soldiers or pro-russian separatists are in control of donetsk airport. 40 were killed in heavy fighting. we have this report. they came from above, an attempt to refap the airport.
ukraine's -- reclaim the airport. ukraine's force from above. it began earlier. the airport was shot. no flights in or out of the city. ukranian authorities gave a deadline for separatists to lay down arms, but there was no surrender. then the crackdown. smoke rising over the airport, with military jets and helicopters launching attacks to wrest control from the separatists. shortly after reinforcements arrived trucks, fighters belonging to the battalion. this was one battle they were not prepared to let go of. the leader of the self-proclaimed donetsk people's republic was defiant. >> translation: with the latest developments unfolding so fast and aggressively, we have to appeal to the president of the russian federation, and to the
entire russian people. >> one al jazeera crew was caught up in the crossfire. they were on the road leading to the airport when gun fire broke out. the crew escaped unharmed. >> keep going, keep going. >> they narrowly avoided an explosion as they were turning back. the fighting subsided. it is still unclear if the military gained control of the airport. donetsk's mayor urged residents to stay indoors. in a city of 1 million, a strong hold of separatists, there's little in the way of reconciliation. >> e.u. heads of state are due to meet in brussels. there was a surge in support for eurosceptic and far right parties.
francis hollande's parties were beaten, saying the e.u. has become too remote. europe has become illegible. i'm aware that it is remote and incomprehensible for the state. this cannot continue. europe has to be clear to be effective and withdraw from where it is not necessary a satanic mass - that's how pope francis described the sexual abuse of children by priests. he made the comment as he flew back to italy after a 3-day middle east tour. he said he would show zero tolerance to anyone in the church that abused children. >> pope francis meat the faithful.
christians held that jesus christ said suffer the little children. in modern times many believe abusive accounts of priests tarnished that. inside the plane, taking him back to roam, the pope addressed the situation. >> the priest that does this betrayed the body of the law. children trust him. instead of leading them to sanctity, it's terrible. it's like a satanic mass. >> pope francis said there is no pleas in the church for those that abuse children. next week at the vatican he will meet a group of victims. >> there'll be a mass with 6-8 people who have been abused. after that they'll meet with me. there'll be eight of them with the cardinal. >> in recent years there's been an avalanche of abuse allegations against the catholic
church. prosecutors claim to have handled more than 3,000 abuse cases offer the past decade. 848 priests have been unfrocked, meaning they were expelled from their positions. more than 2,500 have been ordered to live a life of prayer or pennance. the u.n. published a report accusing the vatican of systematically placing the preservation of the reputation of the church over the protection of child victims. this pope spoke of a personal conpullings to confront the evil. with new cases emerging all the time. that is something he will have the chance to do. israeli police are investigating a case of suspected arson at a site the pope visited. part of the ab yes in jerusalem's old city was damaged by fire.
the site, on top of the mountain is where christians believe jesus held his last supper. there has been several incidents of anti-christian vandalism in recent weeks. libya's new cabinet has been sworn in after the new prime minister won a vote of confidence. parliament agreed his parliament. this is after previous forces took on the most powerful militias, because the government won't. syrian activists say 50 have been killed in aleppo. activists accused the government of dropping barrel bombs on areas. these are bombs that kill
indiscriminately. >> the conflict in syria destroyed many buildings. all were heritage sights and now on the endangered list. we have more on efforts to safeguard them. >> this is an area fought over by government and rebels alike for three years. >> some of syria's valuable oil reserves lay beneath the ground. above ground too, there are treasures at risk. cultural ones like the almack e desuk. an area for commerce. it's now a shell. >> it was totally destroyed by the forces in an indescribable barbaric manner. >> this was the mosque in aleppo before the civil war.
for almost 1,000 years the minor et towered over the landscape, until last year, when it was blown up. >> we have never seen something like this in the case of iraq or afghanistan. certainly we need to do more. we need to put culture heritage within humanitarian efforts, and give it a higher role in the international agenda for syria. >> the violence of the last three years has tape its toll on religious and cultural sites across syria. when the minaret oft al omari mosque was destroyed. it had been a sacred place for more than a millennium. and these are the ruins of the ain't city. almost 2,000 years old. at various times the city was
roman, bi-sen time and part of the calafat. now u.n.e.s.c.o. says the war between fellow syrians threatened this like never before. >> the u.n. secretary-general says an international tribunal could be the best ways to prosecute those that killed in south sudan. thousands have been targeted. the u.n. says some of those deaths could amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. >> reporter: this family have to live in a flooded muddy camp for displaced people. they are safer here than in the home town of malay cow. rebel fighters are attacking. >> translation: there was a fighter pointing out women and telling others to rape him.
afterwards they would kill them, they killed many. >> the town changed hands six times since fighting started. both government troops and opposition forces killed people, targetting them for their ethnicity. many ran to churches and the u.n. base. hundreds sheltered in the hospital. they thought they'd be safe and not targeted. investigators say rebels attacked on several occasions, looting everything of value. everything in the ward has been destroyed. many were beaten, many killed and some patients who were bedridden were shot dead. >> it's one of many incidents where civilians were targeted. both sides may be responsible for crimes against humanity. the secretary-general says there needs to be justice, possiblyie an international tribunalal. the u.s. called for justice, a
key political and financial porer of south sudan. no one faced justice for the many atrocities committed here. >> one of the reasons possibly that there have been crimes committed is because no one was held accountable. for going forward in south sudan, as you said, with the level of atrocities that have been committed. now is the time for justice to prevail. >> meanwhile nearly a million people who fled are stuck in camps. the u.n. says south sudan's justice system may not be adequate for crimes to such a scale, and the international tribunal will depend on the will of the security council. they think it will be difficult to find a man she saw killing and raping. she hopes something can stop the violence so it's safe to go home. >> in the u.s. rescue teams are looking for three men missing since a mud slide in western colorado on sunday.
the 4-mile long mud slide inundated an area near the grand m [e]sa national forest. it is estimated to be over 3km wide and 76mm deep. they had been investigating damage caused by an earlier rock slide when a larger one hit. ferrell williams commented on people arrested in iran, who posted a video after dancing to his hit song "happy." iranian laws ban women from dancing in public or appearing outside without the hijab or head scarf. aum six -- all six are believed to be released. people were smiling and dancing down the street. >> i was sad by it. i was, like, man, they are just dancing. at the same time i don't live in that country. i don't know the laws, but i, in
my heart of all hearts thought they were dancing and should be able to express their happiness. >> a reminder too that you can keep up to date with all the news analysis and features on our website - that's at aljazeera.com. the top stories about the missing girls in nigeria. >> in 1996, sonja marcus was sentenced to a maximum of life in california prison. >> i couldn't believe it. it did not compute, they're taking your life. i was 46 years old. >> her crime: possession of less than a gram of heroine. >> how do you call yourself a judge with the interest of justice and look at somebody and... tell somebody i'm going to take your life because you have an abuse problem against