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tv   News  Al Jazeera  December 21, 2014 5:00am-6:01am EST

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>> announcer: this is al jazeera. hello from al jazeera's headquarters in doha, this is the newshour. i'm jane dutton. coming up in the next 60 minutes - the final step in the road to democracy. tunisians vote in an historic run off. [ gunfire ] confronting i.s.i.l. in iraq. kurdish forces set their sites on the town of sinjar environmental stunt that backfired. greenpeace appears in court in peru for trampling over world
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heritage site. plus, why gangs and not the government are providing free lunches for hungry children in new zealand's schools we begun in tunisia, the home of arab spring, where people cast their ballots in an historic presidential vote. sunday's run off is the final step in tunisia's transition to full the democracy. people are choosing between two candidates. the 88-year-old is the candidate for the secular party. and is seen as an establishment figure of the former regime. critics say he's too old. supporters point to his experience and a broad coalition. essebsi won 44%.
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his opponent is moncef marzouki. we are joined from tunis. how is the voting going? >> there is a good turn out in the center of capital. we are getting reports of similar turn outs across the country. it's the time step to the road to democracy, a long road for the past three years. at the forefront was a main political party, islamist party. they, themselves, have not nominated a candidate. they are influential in the fact that they have a large presence on the streets and in the
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recently elected parliament. i'll introduce one of the members, and i'm going to ask another was in a post revolution, but refused to back a candidate. why is that. >> i like to leave the choice for the people. they didn't want to oppress us, choose what we want. it's our business, we should choose it. >> a lot of people say the choice is between a pro-revolutionary are as moncf marzouki, or a former regime figure, beji caid essebsi. why are you not coming out in support of moncf marzouki. >> each one has a choice. marz beji caid essebsi oppressed the people. and moncef marzouki spent his
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li life... i don't know, they choose - the choice for us they choose. >> is it because some say it is a bit opportunistic because there was a lot of pressure in government. that they were scared if beji caid essebsi wins, there'll be more popularity. do you think you are being opportunistic here? >> no, i wouldn't call it like that. >> reporter: do you have fears if beji caid essebsi one, that the revolution would backtrack. >> i do have forwards, yes. i want to say on this democratic path, which like moncef marzouki let us live with liberty and stuff in ben ali, i didn't have a right to wear a head scarf. now i do. maybe we wouldn't have the right to do real elections. that's what i'm afraid of.
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>> reporter: thank you very much. there is is a sentiment expressed by part of the political spectrum her in tunisia. it is important to highlight this fact that there is a lot of pressure or spotlight put on the elections by those in favour of the revolution, who do hope that regardless of who wins this election, the freedoms gained by the revolution will be maintained. that is why people are hoping that each if the choice doesn't win, tunisia doesn't become or get dragged into the same situation across the border in libya or the other side of the conflict, where the armed conflicts are the norm or the military ran down democracy there. >> let's leave jamal in tunis, i want to talk about this more with my guest, the deputy director of the brookings doha center. there's an interesting snapshot of some sentiments on the
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street. we have two frontrunners. what do you make. men who could be going to office, and what they mean for the future? >> well, they are important. it represents all the guards and moncef marzouki presented himself as the revolution guard. that is how they are running between the two. s beji caid essebsi used to be a minister. and part of the campaign is the legacy. he was a minister since the "# 0s, and the boat -- '60s, and
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you have moncef marzouki, who is a staunch advocate and supporter of human rights in tunisia, who has a record, actually, of fighting for human rights in tunisia and ben ali's regime. this is now - the two candidates are on the spot. which way it will go. >> either ensuring that the country grinds to a halt or will they push it towards the final demograting state? >> this is a very interesting question. it's about whether we really have done all, or if this is the final step in the transition in tunisia. in my view, it's a major milestone that tunisia has made, and transition to democratic floralistic system, but there are other major changes that they are facing. that this is not the last, that
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we have challenges down the road. it's the beauty of the tunisian model. it's a home grown model. it's difficult by major stakeholders and contributors to models like the civil society. the strength ha a major roll in where we are food in tunisia -- we are today in tunisia. the political crisis in the past year, between the various political parties. the labour union intervened and brought the parties together and brokered an agreement between the parties. the fact that we have this developed from within tunisia,
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it should work on promises of the success of tunisian model down the road. it's developed down the road. it's not like others. this makes is promising. i have to caution here that the challenges are out there. i can give you some examples. those adopted by the parliament. we haven't seen any changes. that will need to be implemented in tunisia. this has to be a test for the government. and other challenges about institutional reform. simply that it was able to
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establish reform. that's great, it's on papers. we haven't seen... >> let's leave it on the positive note. good to have your thoughts. let's go to iraq where security forces have been forced to retreat from baiji, they have been at the center of intense fighting between iraqi forces and fighting from the islamic state of iraq and levant. we can cross live to mohammed in nowhere iraq. what is happening as far as baiji is concerned? >> well police in beiji found that the city is now under the control of i.s.i.l. fighters. this followed heavy fighting overnight between i.s.i.l. fighters and government troops supported by militias from the popular forces known as shi'a
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militias, and the government forces say the government forces retreated to the outskirts of beiji. however, they maintain that the beiji oil refinery, the biggest in iran is still under the contraof government force, and so is the road that links baiji to tikrit. >> it is one step forward, one backward for the battle for iraq. what is happening to those in sinjar mountains? >> well, the latest we are getting from sinjar mountains is that the president of the kurdish regional government is there right now on top of the mountain talking to the more than 11,000 people stranded there and who have been stranded there for the past few months, and troops who set up temporary base on top of the mountain. below him, at the foot of the mountain, fighting is still going on between i.s.i.l.
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fighters and peshawar forces supported by -- peshmerga forces supported by the yazidi fighters. they have been shelling position, but the i.s.i.l. fighters have been putting up a stiff resistance, this is in spite of their positions between shelled by coalition aircraft. >> thank you for that update in syria, government air strikes killed at least 11 cities in the city of raqqa. dozens more were injured. raqqa is the capital of the self-prolained calafat. >> refugees have been rescued off the coast. the ship sank. the refugees set sail from turkey with 194 people, including 38 children and 23 women. the vessel has been taken to the port of catania in sicily countries that border syria
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are under pressure to take in more refugees. resettlement is lengthy and difficult. many refugees think they'll have a better chance, leaving the region, to start a new live in europe. we have this report from the capital beirut. >> reporter: this person is preparing to start a new life. she is a refugee from syria, moving to lebanon with her families. her husband has a heart problem and cannot work. it puts the family in the most vulnerable category of refugees, and eligible for a resettlement in europe. living in lebanon has not been easy. it's a country overwhelmed by the burden of refugees, and caught up in the conflict next door. >> there were no jobs. and we are paying the price because of political differences. we are targetting attentions between supporters and opponents of the syrian forces.
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>> it is a feeling shared by many refugees who wait for hours at a u.n. office of beirut to apply for asylum. many tell you they have spent their savings and can't find jobs. it's not just economic hardships, the syrian government has powerful allies here. >> it's a difficult life. people are scared. in europe, we are treated as human beings. all the reports about count ris is not true. people lost hope, there's more than a million refugees settled in lebanon. it is a small percentage. number of those that need urgent assistance. >> in terms of the process, it can be lengthy, depending on an individual country we have to interview and term who the people are, they have to go through security and medical checks before being admitted to third countries.
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we are working to improve the processing. >> it couldn't have come sooner for the family. moving to denmark means the children can return to school. moving is a hard decision. >> translation: we have a choice - go hungry and live the security or safe and able to eat. >> reporter: they don't have a third schois. choice, even they they prefer the option of returning home to syria. more to come on the al jazeera newshour. serving up opportunities, how havana is set to benefit from u.s. companies clamoring to do work in cuba and the christmas tree cutters in georgia boxing great mohammed ali tape to hospital with pneumonia. the latest on his position later
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in the programme egypt re opened the rafa border with gaza for the second time in two months. it will allow iran 3,500 palestinians stranded in egypt to cross. the rafa crossing is the only crossing not controlled by israel, and was shut by egypt in object, following a suicide bombing in the cyanide peninsula hundreds of yemenis have been protesting. the demonstrators are demanding houthis, a shia minority, to leave sanaa. houthi leaders took control, ceasing government offices. cuba's president raul castro stressed that his country will not change his communist system despite better ties with the united states. and says cuba faces a long and difficult struggle before the u.s. lifts a long-standing
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economic embargo. we have this report from havana. >> less than a week ago they were serving sentences for esbianage in a cuban gale. now they are treated to applause. they were released as part of an agreement between the united states and cuba. >> everywhere is talking about what will change. cuban president raul castro was keen to remind people what they were saying. >> translation: the economic system prevailing will be based on socialist ideals in the entire country. castro was quick to prays president obama, and the ground-breaking accord. but said the implementation inside cuba would be rapped with the cuban people itself. >> translation: change will take base at the pace we decide here.
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without leaving anyone behind. without shock measures or renouncing the ideals of social justice. >> here on the streets of havana, there's real enthusiasm for the deal and what it could mean in the lives of people. what most people want is a complete elimination of the embargo, and the view is that the opposition to that in the united states. >> i think down the road most important thing i think is that the cuban people will be better off. and i say to the people who oppose the cuban government. well either you people are better off. your government is better off. so what, your people are better off. >> that, too, was a message from the cuban president who ended his speech in style. "long live cuba, long live raul
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castro", harkening back to the past, trying to figure out a new future that is upon them. even if it takes time to realise. the deal is giving hope to business owners in cuba, who are looking forward to better economic days ahead. restaurant owner tells her story. >> translation: for the last four years i have had my own business in havana, cuba. having this business was a life-long dream and has been a financial and personal achievement. we have had many challenges along the way. the issue in cuba is that the market is very unstable. the market is not equipment for our needs and the result is high prices for the final product. the price of ingredients is high. there's great expectation for what is ahead. we think this will help us greatly. there'll be more tourism and
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better financial options. we feel we are entering a new stage of economic growth. i feel for the first time washington and the state department are listening to the cuban people. with this diplomatic opening a lot of people will come back, because there's a lot more people that want to come back. >> translation: we are finally close to being together again. it's emotional for me, it's amazing. what can i say police broke up an anti-government rally in lebron. tear gas was used to disperse protesters. they demand that the president in gabbon resign. >> al jazeera demand the release of our journalists who have been in prison. they were gaoled for helping the
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outlawed muslim brotherhood. they are appealing against their convictions. u.s. president obama condemned the murder of two new york city police officers, ismaaiyl brinsley approached the officers car and shot them through the window whilst they were on patrol in brooklyn. he then fled to a subway station where he killed him support is growing for the pak sustainy military operation against the taliban. the campaign to wipe out the group came under criticism because it displaced thousands of people. tuesday's attack on a school prommeled tough action. we have this report from peshawar. >> reporter: a show of sympathy with the children killed. words of support and messages that rejected violence. a stream of villages crowds the entrance for the fifth day since the attack that killed 148
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people. most school bows. some of the parents come with surviving children to pick up school bags. others come to have a look at the place that is the source of their most dreadful memories. >> translation: i don't expect anything from politicians who were making fun while the rest of us were crying. the military is the only hope. >> reporter: those remarks reflect a trend in pakistan, anger at the taliban and the hope that the military will act. >> despite the fact 50,000 were killed in this country during the last 10 years in this fight, and according to the ministry public loyalties have been divided. after the attack on the children there seems to be grow support for the army and the government. >> reporter: peshawar is a
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poorer city, many used groups like the taliban to protest against corrupt regime s. that is changing. >> it's the brutality. killing young boys. they were like flowers. they were taught to love the young ones. they made a decision to crush all those. for one ninth grader at the peshawar school who survived the attack, there's only one course of action to take now. >> before the incident going to the army was a dream. now it's a tart. to avenge many of my friends. >> reporter: because of people like this and what happened, the military enjoys more support here. but there are other pakistanis who doubt the evocation of them solving the country's problem greenpeace has a long history of using dramatic
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processes. but a stunt that was meant to send a message to delegates landed greenpeace in court. david mercer explains. >> they are one of the peru's monuments, giant images scratched into the desert more than 1,000 years ago. when activist used the lines for a publicity stunned, an action meant to attention the climate change, it backfired. on friday an angry crowd turled instalments at the director as he arrived at a peruvian courthouse to testify. >> the people are angry, as you can see here, they are saying "justice, we want justice." >> reporter: peru accused green peace of causing damage to the u.n.e.s.c.o. world heritage. around 20 activists are accused of leaving footprints and overturning stones in the
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ecologically sensitive area. it coincided with a conference that took place in peru's capital lima earlier this month. >> i'm saddened this happened in the middle of a province. we are sad end. this is an event that fills us with shame. it should never have happened. >> back at the courthouse the director apologised for the group's actions. >> there was no justification to have put our foot on that sacred place at all. i indicated that i'm willing to provide whatever assistance the criminal authorities need, and i'll be willing to come back, and they have responded positively to that, which i'm grateful. >> neither of assurances, among them that the leadership had no knowledge. plan, failed to quell the anger. experts say someone in the group must have had intimate knowledge of the site. >> this was preplanned in
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someone's office. they said "let's go in to get attention." why the humming birds. it's the main icon of our culture. they haven't gone to damage it or attract attention. they didn't take the proper precautions. >> green piece says it will assist with independent investigation, and work to protect the n.a.s.c.a.r. lines. for many peruvians, the damage to the archeological site and greenpeace's reputation has been done let's take you to argentina where there has been heavy rain. everton is following that for us. how heavy. >> we have had extensive flooding around the north-east of argentina, around brazil and into uruguay. you can see massive cloud. extending northward. you can see over a 24 hour
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period how big the cloud is, blossoming away, producing heavy rain in and around the region. there has been some flooding. to the north-east of the country, 16mm of rain in 24 hours, that's always going to cause problems. the wettest weather will make its way northwards and eastwards. sunday sees heavy rain coming in here. worst of the rain is pushing out of uruguay. just into the south-eastern corner of brazil. that's not bad news. we have had a severe drought around the region. we need the rain, and we'll see more of it pushing up towards sao paulo and northwards. one or two showers around the lake as we go on though monday. the wetter weather pushing up forwards rio, as we head towards tuesday. there are big downpours and we could see flooding in and around
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rio in the next couple of days. wet weather stretching to the heart of the amazon. wet weather into bolivia and peru, all the way up across a good pard of venezuela. >> thank you. stay with us on the newshour. we look at how a slower investment speeds of beijing's investment internationally. >> oum from the desmisunderstand tew tew h eye v center. looking to a vaccine and why real madrid can call themselves world champions.
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you are watching the al jazeera newshour, a reminder of the top stories. polls opened in tunisia's run-off for what is hoped to be a final step towards democracy in the country. it will be the first time tunisians voted for president since the revolution three years ago. >> fighters from the islamic state of iraq and levant have taken control of the city after an intense battle with iraqi forces. egypt has opened the rafa border crossing with the gaza strip for the second time in two months. it will allow iran 3,500 palestinians stranded in egypt to cross into the strip united nations -- the united
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arab emirates is blaming non-o.p.e.c. members for a drop in oil prices. the gulf state said irresponsible output of nonmember countries are behind the slide. the price of oil dropped almost 50%. it is trading below $62. u.s. oil producers pump at record levels and are predicted to become the largest yol producer in 2015 -- oil producer in 2015. let's see what the falling oil prices many. the 12 member states supply about 40% of the oil. countries like saudi arabia, can endure low oil price, other members like nigeria and venezuela could see unrest and a decline in their economy. non-o.p.e.c. members are feeling the pain, falling oil prices hit the russian rubles value. the market is waiting to see if the lower prices will impact
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u.s.'s plans to expand shale oil. international oil and energy consultant that worked at o.p.e.c. joins us from london. welcome. good to have you with us on al jazeera. they are blaming non-o.p.e.c. members for what is happening. there's a school of thought ta saudi arabia is behind this, to squeeze the u.s. shale market off the planet. >> the international market is an open market. so individuals, companies can invest in different parts of the world, using technology and ideas. i think this is really the - we should thank the background. they are clever people. they work hard to find how to track the layer. >> excuse me for interrupting, that it is not cost effective.
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the black even price is difficult to say. the important point for them is they would take many of them to use the loan. so to pay lac the interest and the payment on the debt. they required, 80, $100 to maintain the cash flow. it is more critical than what is the cost per barrel. the statement that you make requiring non-o.p.e.c. to cooperate is easy to set. the company, large one, small one, independence. they are profit makers. they do business. and they cannot stop usually in order to change the price. the common of regulating the market has been an issue. o.p.e.c. as an organization has the institution to manage it. >> o.p.e.c. is part of the
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problem. a lot of people are saying it had its time. >> well, it is a group of exporters relying on their nation. they are not companies, and they try to defend it. o.p.e.c. does not set the price, it is supply and demand that manages the price. they are complicated. exaggerated by speculators. with all this, this group of producers. they tried to defend the revenue. they cannot do that when the supply and demand imbalance gets to the stage where there's too much oil in the market. >> how long can this continue for. how low can it go and what will the impact be on countries like russia, for example, that needs every dollar? >> well, that is the billion dollar question and individual country's budgets and payments and political pressure, social
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pressure and so on. i can't say. it is who is going to blink first. we have the pressure on the u.s. government, russian and so on, for them to defend their oil sector on employment to do something and within o.p.e.c. we have nigeria and others suffering, and they put pressure on saudis and the richer ones to join together. it's a compromise. in 1986, a similar story, 1988/'89 a similar story. washington, and others got together. those two occasions, the last one, we had the mexican oil minister, with the encouragement of washington came and acted in between. in 1986 the vice president george bush went to saudi arabia and met the copying. so it becomes pure business and
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commercial aspect and political omissions come in. the whole thing is to put pressure on russia, iran and saudi arabia. it's an interesting topic. >> it's a business issue. supplied in plans, and if you want to get the competitors out of the market, you lower the price. >> china is expanded about its instance for undertaking a number of infrastructure structures. it's part of a strategy to gain access to the natural resources its rapid growth. construction is due to build a shipping canal costing $50 billion across nicaragua. they take a closer look at the man behind the project. >> the businessman behind the high profile deal tends to keep a low public profile.
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weng jing made his money in mining. he insists he doesn't have a political background. but his website boasts of links to government leaders. the deal is strategic for china. >> this project is not just a canal, it's about airports, and also creating a lot of jobs for the local people. they definitely benefit from is it. >> china signed another contract that it said will create jobs and help one more small economy. this time in to fund and build a highway in montenegro. small change compared to elsewhere. last month a state-owned company signed a $12 billion contract to
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expand the rail network and a high-speed gaol network. the problem is not money, but local people. >> when china is proposing all the institutions it has to have the capacity to interact with the local community. that is the change. it is very strategic, working with pakistan to develop a port linked to china by road and rail. president xi jinping is encouraging the expansion. infrastructure prompts are often thrown in as part of the deal. >> the most important is perhaps the plan to reconstruct the ancient silk road trade group linking china with europe via highways and railways in central asia. how does the government pay for
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this? >> it's sitting on savings of more than $4 trillion. >> south africa has the highest number of h.i.v. and aides sufferers in the world. scientists are driving research that could lead to a breakthrough in fighting against the virus. in the final part of our series on h.i.v. in africa, tania paige reports from cape town. >> reporter: this is not a scientist, but she is at the cutting edge of h.i.v. research. she volunteered to test a vaccine that could save millions of lives. the trial is run from the desmond tutu research center in cape town. a scientist dedicated to stop the virus. it is time to see if it's working. so far all her blood tests came back negative for h.i.v. the vaccine cuts the risk of new
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inspections. she's helping because two of her uncles died of aids. >> i'm working to help. i want to make sure that the people left at home learn about h.i.v. and maybe in three years time there will be nothing left. >> the second phase of the trial involving 200 volunteers starts in january within two years 7,000 people could be doing it. >> this is the pharmacy where everything tested at the rarp center is kept. the vaccines, drugs, h.i.v. presentative products are at different temperatures in one of the fridges. >> it's another scientific advance that makes a bigger difference in people's lives. instead of taking several pills, some people are on a single dose anti-retro viral: it's easier
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for people to tick stick to. they have seen vaccines come and go. this is one for widespread use. the current interventions are our mortgage while we find an h.i.v. vaccine. for me to be part of a team that is finding a fire us that's is protective is fantastic. >> reporter: with every negative result they are a step closer to finding a vaccine stay with us here on al jazeera. we'll tell you how a 4-man bobsleigh is no longer four men. raul will explain it in sport in a moment.
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a violent gang in new zealand involved in a turf war to push out drug war to improve its image wants to address poverty by feeding impoverished children. wayne hay met them. >> it's the first thing in the morning the the gangs are at work. there's nothing illicit going on here. just a gang feeding hungry children. every morning members meat at a
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suburban home to make 500 sandwiches. the idea is the leader remembers what it's like to go without. >> if the kids grow up hungry, they don't have a good start in life. animosity is born the programme has been well received. jimmie hits the road by nine in the morning, saluted by the members known as the sandwich gang. he stops at 25 schools and hand delivers lumps that will be given to children that go to school with nothing. >> new zealand's economy is doing better than most, but at the same time there's a growing feeling that the gap between rich and poor is getting wider. there's a greater discussion around the issue of hungry children and poverty in general. >> the government has entered a programme providing breakfast to school children. they will not support a proposal
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before parliament to provide lumps. >> it should be the parent responsibility. we shouldn't resile. parents have a responsibility to make sure that their children go to school having had breakfast and something for lunch. jaumy's operation is growing all the time. despite the fact that they are made by a gang, the sandwiches are welcome. >> we look at it as a group of people committed to ensuring that children are given every opportunity to learn. >> most of the food comes from donations much the gang runs small forms supplying meet and money to pay for ipp greedients -- ingredients. jamie says critics that say the programme is used to recruit nowing members is -- young members is young. >> it's enough for us. >> they want to do some good, and give children something he and many members didn't have.
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>> let's get the sports we'll have an update. the boxing great, mohammed ali it said condition is said to be stable. pneumonia was caught early. the prognosis is good. he battled parkinson's disease since retirement from the sport in 1981 now, real madrid have been crowned the best club team in the world after winning the f.i.f.a. club world cup, beating south american champions in the final. we have this report. >> reporter: 2014 has been an exception app year for real madrid even by their standards. they were in the champion's league u.e.f.a. world cup and the copa del ray.
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the victory was the icing on the cake. san lorenzo may have had the backing of the pope, but divine intervention was lacks as they struggled to match the calibre of some of the most extensive players. the $100 million striker gareth bale was denied the opening goal. moments later, a spaniard had it. in the second half they took their eyes off bale and he sealed real madrid's 2-0 victory. it was their 22nd straight win in all cabinet eggs. -- cabinet eggs. it's been -- competition. it's been an amazing season for us. we are looking forward to it. >> translation: we had a lot of
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hope because our team was strong. we deserve to win the title. we can honestly say real madrid is the team in the role. in its 112-year history real madrid has won over 60 major titles. this was their first f.i.f.a. club world cup, and in this form the side can expected to achieve more before the season is over. >> football in new zealand has been given a massive boost after auckland city clinched third. the team won more than $2 million in prize money after beating 4-2 their opponents. auckland will keep more than half their wings, with the rest split between the other eight teams in the amateur league in new zealand. >> it's unbelievable the the club and in new zealand must be
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buzzing. when you look at the - we'll get a bronze medal and a football championship team from new zealand. that's unbelievable. probably no one here or in morocco, you know, ever expected that to happen, and it happened. >> in addition to being on top of real madrid, it will end 2014 on top of the spanish league. barcelona closed the cup to one point. david moyes was denied victory and settled for a draw. meanwhile, former real coach havier will remain as coach of japan, according to their football association. despite the 56-year-old's alleged involvement in a match-fixing scandal. he's been accused of rigging a match against levante in 2011. something he denied. the japanese football
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association sent in documents. the japanese are preparing for a cup defense in australia. >> manchester city box said december will be a crucial month, speaking after the champion's 3-0 win over crystal palace mann united morning louie van hall was frustrated by his teamed 1-0 win. after an equalizer villa had to play 25 minutes. this after one player was set off. the 1-1 draw sees united third in the table. >> we dropped two point to the better team. that's frustrating when you are the better team. you don't win these kind of games when you want to be a part
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of the title race then you have to win these games. >> now, the big match in england sees liverpool's host arsenal, they are four places and five points behind the gunners. the corresponding fixture was arguably liverpool's best performance of that campaign. brendan roger's side going 4-0 up on their way to a 5-1 flashing. with luis suarez leaving for spain they found a replacement who turned them down. >> all i know is he's a world class player. he was identified as someone who would be perfect for us. brilliant player, in quality and we know helle be a threat. >> look, liverpool last year
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scored over 100 goals in the championship. they were god going forward this season. 19 until now. so we are not on the same trend offensively. but they started off the blocks, and we were late, too late to get into the game. >> now, if arson decided to step down as the arsenal boss, the coach has been talked about as a replacement. he may love sooner rather that later already presiding over the 10th league defeat. last season the bundislega's runner-up losing 3-1. they beat schalke with the opening goal. they set up the second. dortmund a point off the bottom
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second place wolfsburg coming from behind to beat midtable opponent. the visitors ahead. the lead lasted 5 minutes as an equalizer from close space. cristiano ronaldo headed home a winner, winning 2-1. >> the first champ yops of the inaugural super league have been decided in a final. 55,000 fans packed the stadium in mumbai to watch the showdown. the match was goalless after 90 minutes, and the winner didn't come until three minutes into stoppage time. substitute had a header to seal the team now, two female bobsleigh racers made history, competing for the first time in a 4-man race with the counterparts. 2-time olympic champion.
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they joined two teams in a work up race in calgary in canada. the sports governing body gave the go ahead for a mixed team in september. the 4-woman bobsleigh event will eventually be added to the olympic programme. >> more sport onour website. check out al jazeera/sport. club world cup victory, the stop story and how to get in touch with the team. we have blogs and video kits for correspondents around the world. that address. aljazeera.com. that is allour sport for now. more later. >> thank you very much. well, for many families, picking out a christmas tree is a normal part of the holidays. often little thought goes into where they come from or who cut them down. as robin forester walker reports, killing the trees can
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be a risky business. >> reporter: above the forest canopy here lies a hidden boundary. and harvesting it can be dangerous work. climbers earn their wages at the tips of florida misunderstand pines, some of them 60 meters high. the copes contain fine quality seeds for christmas tree growers. for a region sky high in unemployment, it's a seasonal bonanza, supplying half a billion industry in europe. a kilo's words of these gowns is about $0.70. it is possible to collect several hundred kilos, that's why it's lucrative. there's a black market. the georgians are prepared to take the risk to climb the trees each without the right
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equipment. this man fell to his death 20 years ago, gathering cones without a licence or equip. his brother is the local mayor, and says tragedies happen. unscrupulous buyers ignore safety and trade illicitly. >> translation: police departments help us to control blocks in the forest where people pick the copes. this is a vast area and is impossible to control it. it is harmful for the budgets. companies that operate on the black market avoid paying taxes. >> companies themselves do nor support russia's economy. 90% of an estimated 45 million trees sold annually in europe are grown from georgian seeds. >> this brand themselves. we have to know what they need. and help and support and
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participate in development. you can't make money here in this wonderful area, pay almost nothing and just disappear. i think it's fair. >> this is the only country with a social programme, supporting a health clinic and two local schools. it also pays above average prices. but it gathers only a fraction of the local harvest. so if you are celebrating christmas this year, you might want to think about where your tree came from, and whether you paid a fair price for it and that is it from the team on the newshour. thank you for watching. we'll be back in a moment with the headlines. see you then. bye.
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>> a crisis on the border... >> thery're vulnarable... these are refugees... >> migrent kids flooding into the u.s. >> we're gonna go and see josue who's just been deported... >> why are so many children fleeing? >> your children will be a part of my group or killed... >> fault lines, al jazeera america's hard hitting... >> today they will be arrested... >> ground breaking... they're firing canisters of gas at us... emmy award winning investigative series... fault lines no refuge: children at the border only on al jazeera america
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>> announcer: this is techknow, a show about innovations that can change lives. this is a show about science by scientists. let's check out the team. dr shini somara is a mechanical engineer. onight "techknow" on the road in greenland. >> we are on our way to the air base. i'm nervous. >> we are on board for n.a.s.a.'s operation icebridge - flying over some of the largest ice sheets on the planet. >> i managed to get into the cockpit, which, for a mechanical engineer, is a dream come true.

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