just over the weekend. nato's former secretary general joins us. last laugh. >> we are all happy. jimmy morales, aside from being an academic is an artist. >> and now, the tv comedian is guatemala's new president. >> dying art. >> my sons will not follow my footsteps. >> how the u.s. led gulf war has helped to halt the survival of a tradition passed down for generations. >> good evening, i'm antonio mora, this is al jazeera america, tonight we begin in south asia where they are still searching for victims after a
devastating earthquake. the 7.5 magnitude quake was centered in kush, and authorities fear the number of dead will climb higher. pakistan appears to sustain the largest damage and largest loss of life. white house is offering aid to nations in the affected area and the pentagon says u.s. planes are flying reconnaissance missions to assess the damages. there are no casuaies among the u.s. military stationed there. jennifer glasse has the story. >> i was sitting at home when the earthquake happened and i came outside with the children but one of my grand sonsd startesons beganrunning. i asked him not to run but he
continued and a building collapsed on him. >> in jalalabad, in eastern afghanistan, soon after the earth stopped moving. >> 155 people including women and children wounded from the earthquake. five people were killed. >> reporter: there are casualties in at least ten of afghanistan's 34 provinces. spanning hundreds of kilometers. which shows the power and reach of the earthquake. the epicenter of the earthquake was deep below the hindu kush mountains. getting to them won't be easy, so it's possible that it may take a long time to know the full extent of the damage in pakistan. jennifer glasse, al jazeera, kabul. >> buildings destroyed, many others damaged. al jazeera am caroline malone on
how the quake affected pakistan and india. >> buildings in peshawar, structure damage including to the city's historic fort. individuavideo caught the momene quake hit rawalpindi. many were brought to this rawalpindi hospital and in the capital, islamabad, people evacuated from buildings fearing after-shocks. >> it was a severe earthquake. we told the students to rush out and they all started going out. we rushed down amidst the shouting and screaming. it lasted for around a minute or more. there were extremely severe shocks. the building had suffered severe damage. there were contraction in the walls. >> people also felt the effects
in indian controlled kashmir where 500-year-old structures were badly damaged. >> translator: the wall in the famous fort has been totally damaged in the earthquake. >> reporter: parts of the metro train line were temporarily halted in the capital, delhi, it is a seismically active region. ten years ago, a similar earthquake hit northern pakistan, 75,000 people died then. this time quake was deeper, 200 kilometers down, but the damage is clear above ground. caroline malone, al jazeera. >> the earthquake made the earth shake hundreds of miles away, at least three people were killed in jamu and car kashmir. liddy dutt reports. >> when the earthquake hits the
afghanistan-pakistan border monday afternoon, panic belt in states as well as indian administered kashmir. we've heard in the early stages of this unfolding story suggestions that power lines were down and telecom problems but there are no reports yet of loss of life or widespread damage to property. the indian government of prime minister narendra modi coming out to say that the indian government has assessed the situation and is offering help to afghanistan and pakistan. spreading across the region in new delhi, where we are, quite a lot of panic and concern here in india. >> liddy dutt reporting from new delhi. i.s.i.l. has apparently carried out another level of
atrocity in palmyra, three sets of executions in the ruins. three were tide to columns and blown up. happened near turkey's borders with syria. bernard smith reports. >> sustained gun fire echoed around the neighborhood. two police officers were killed by booby trapped bombs as they broke down a door at one apartment. seven suspected members of i.s.i.l. were killed in the shootout that followed, according to the police. >> translator: this was a very important operation planned and conducted successfully. the outcome is that two very important i.s.i.l. groups have
been neutralized. >> these raids were amongst a series that have taken place across turkey in the wake of october 10 suicide bombing in ankara that killed 110 people. the government said i.s.i.l. was responsible. this is first time on turkish soil that there's been a shootout involving i.s.i.l. it highlights the increasing threat this group poses to the country. adding to the security headache national elections here on sunday. then in mid november world leaders head to antalia on the southern coast for the g-20 leaders summit. bernard smith, al jazeera, istanbul. talks between joko widodo's first trip to the u.s. since being sworn in a year ago. both agreed to work together. president obama called indonesia a key ally in the region as well as in the middle east.
>> indonesia has been a very important partner and we're continuing to work together not just ton security elements of counterterrorism but also, countering the message that comes from organization he like i.s.i.l. >> widodo said he intended indonesia to join the transpacific partnership. he will return early because of raging forest fires there. the united states plans to challenge china' china's territl claims in the south china sea. u.s. navy destroyer will be sent to the region. it is a move china has repeatedly warned against. the ship will be the u.s.s. lawson a guided missile destroyer. jamie mcintire reports from the pentagon. >> antonio, the united states has said for months it won't
recognize china's claims in the south china sea, and the authorization has now been given to the u.s. navy for the aegis class destroyer u.s.s. lassen to conduct what the u.s. describes as a freedom of navigation mission, moving within 12 miles of those islands. islands essentially man made islands out of reefs that were below the ocean surface level and which china says are legitimate territory that have been there for years. when the chinese president xi made a visit to washington last month and met with president obama both presidents made their positions clear. >> we did have candid discussions on the east and south china seas and i reiterated the right of all nations to freedom of overflight and unism peed commerce. >> translator: islands in the
sovereignty of the chie chien cs been in our possession since ancient times. >> the u.s. conducted these kinds of missions to challenge what it calls excessive military rights against 19 different nations. and by the way the u.s. has already flown a plane over the air space on these islands. in that case china issued warnings to clear out of that area, they were warnings the u.s. ignored. antonio. >> jamie mcintire reporting from the pentagon. leaders from more than adozen eu countries have agreed with a 17 point plan to deal with the refugee crisis. meeting in brussels over the weekend they agreed to find provision for 17,000 refugees and sent officers to slovenia,
to help with the overflow. nearly 17,000 migrants have already arrived in the eu over the year. another of those 17 points, is to increase the number of guards along the borders. they will help with registering and fingerprinting those new arrivals. this incredible view from the sky paints a dramatic picture of the refugee crisis. drone footage illustrates the nonstop flow of refugees into slovenia. some 75,000 have walked there, forced to go to slovenia on foot after hungary blocked its borders to croatia. greece and the eu have come to temps on an agreement to temporarily shelter thousands of refugees. more than $6 million of emergency aid for greece to
house the refugees for the next four months. more than half a million have traveled through tbrees this grs year. already struggling with a financial crisis, greece said it was contingent upon eu aid. now a report from yale law school says the way rohingya is treated by myanmar's government is tantamount toends. >> this baby is malnourished but there's plenty of town in the nearby town. this woman is hemorrhaging after losing her baby but the local hospital wouldn't treat her. this woman has an undiagnosed illness but canned afford to pay the bribes needed to get to a doctor. these are the stories of the rohingya of western myanmar, about 130,000 are prisoners in refugee campletion i camps in te
land. >> there are people here who need to see medical professionals and unable to do that because of policy that essentially deprives them to access to health care. when you can find a group of people in these displacement camps and deprive them from basic needs for survival it has a destructive impact. >> conditions here are deplorable but much like other refugee camps around the world, the difference here is these conditions are avoidable and the result of government policy. in 2012, violence erupted in this region of myanmar. homes were burnt and bulldozed. while they were born and brought up here, the government considers the rohingya illegal immigrants from bangladesh. the general says that those who can produce documents proving their ancestors lived here more than 60 years ago, can be sent
abroad. it was a time when few had any papers. such a policy has led to accusations that the government is trying to destroy the rohingya as a people. >> these acts would lead to a slow death of the victims and that's where the destruction in whole or part comes from. >> in the last eight months the clinic at yale law school has been analyzing events in myanmar. in order to establish gift a court would have to prove that government officials had to show a deliberate attempt to destroy the rohingya. >> we have strong evidence that genocide is occurring given the scale of atrocities we think it is hard to avoid a conclusion that intent is present. >> in the first contested elections, angst seuch has aungs
>> france plans to submit a draft to the u.n. security council on tuesday demanding a resolution to end the use of barrel bombs in syria. russian air strikes are reportedly displacing those more civilians there but the syrian regime says a political solution is only possible after defeating what it calls terrorist elements inside the country. the u.s. is expected to host talks on the crisis later this week. secretary of state john kerry will meet with officials from russia and about a dozen arab and european countries on friday to discuss how to end the war. today kerry spoke to his russian counterpart sergey lavrov about the talks. details of the meeting in vienna are still being worked out butt iran's participation has not
been ruled out. russia stepped up its bombing campaign over the weekend. more than 250 i.s.i.l. targets. over the past 24 hours the crème listen claim 59 other sorties hit a record 94 of those targets. >> in salma area, latakia province, destroyed three strong point of islamic state militants quippeequipped with mortar fortifications. >> former secretary-general of nato, joins us from the harvard kennedy school for an in context look. it's good to have you back ton show. let's start with the free syrian army plod rats the u.s. has supported why are they going to
russia to begin with? is that showing a lack of faith in the u.s. and nato? >> no. i would interpret it as efforts to seek any solution to this tragic conflict, but the problem is: that the russian engagement will not stop the bloodshed. you can't both save assad and fight islamic state. you can't both save assad and stop the civil war in syria because the whole thing started because of the brutality of the assad regime. >> the russian position is the contrary, that the first thing to be done in syria is to defeat i.s.i.l. and only then should the focus turn to regime change. and that is and that is a positt
seems to be getting more support from the west. you agree? >> i do agree the first thing to do is to fight islamic state, because islamic state constitutes a threat not only to countries in the region but also to the world. so it's an international obligation to fight islamic state. away i'what i'm emphasizing is t part of the solution being assad. >> but are you okay then with fighting islamic state, in conjudges with the assad regime and the russians? >> well, if the russians really fight islamic state i would welcome it. the problem is that the russians
apparently are also bombing what i would call the moderate opposition. and that's exactly why the russian presence in syria will not stop the bloodshed. but on the contrary will prolong the conflict. >> but as you know the united states has rejected actual coordination with the russians, and definitely rejected any kind of coordination with the syrian regime. what do you think on that front? >> well, to my knowledge military to military coordination takes place which of course is common sense. and as regards the long term political solution, a transitional government should be snabled syria, fre establish. free and fair elections should be established and it's lard to see assad as part of a
transition am process. >> you have argued that air bombing alone is not going to do the job, that ground forces are need to fight i.s.i.l. what nation should they come from and what force would be their allies inside syria? >> it's clear to me that an air campaign alone won't do the job. to eventually dismantle the islamic state you will need boots on the ground. but i would not suggest western troops deployed to syria and iraq. i do believe that the right thing would be for powers in the region. nations in the area to deploy, countries like saudi arabia, the gulf states, turkey would be candidates.
>> now, when russia was accused of violating turkish air space nato held an emergency meeting, it denounced putin's aggression, warned the kremlin about the actions they were taken inside syria. similar action he inside ukraine. i think it's fair to say some of that has had minimal effect. should nato do more? >> i don't see an active role for nato in syria. nato has established a relatively modest training mission to help the iraqi government improve the capability of the iraqi security forces. >> right. but -- but turkey is a nato ally and its air space has been voimented. >> yeah, absolutely. so far, there has been no request for an active necessitating involvement. but of course, turkey is a nato
ally and a violation of turkey's air space is a violation of nato air space. so eventually, of course, nato allies will help turkey. >> now, do you see any broad intent? i know you just talked about separating ukraine and syria. but is there a bigger plan behind russia's moves in syria and ukraine, its movement of troops to the borders of other soviet republics, close to your neighborhood in scandanavia and now too close for comfort to these undersea cables that are vital for internet communication he? >> i see this as a bigger part of the russian master plan to restore what they consider to be russian greatness to make sure that russia plays a role on the
international scene. and in the near neighborhood, it is the aspiration of the russian leadership to reestablish a sphere of russian influence. so it's quite clear this is what it is about. >> forger secretary general of nato, anders rasmussen. thank you. say it isn't so. the world health organization has declared regular eating ever processed meats and hot dogs increases the risk of cancer. and guatemala has elected an unlikely candidate for their next president: a comedian. comedian.
>> welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm antonio mora. coming up in this half hour of international news elections around the world leave some countries in limbo and one with a former comedian as a president. but first a look at th stories making headlines across the u.s. in our american minute. much of texas is recovering from severe flooding. hurricane patricia had weakened by the time i.t. hit the state on friday but the storm was strong enough to bring more than a foot of rain to the lone star state. dozens were rescued over the
weekend including 75 in the dallas area, no deaths have been reported. a psychological evaluation has been ordered for a woman who drove into an oklahoma state homecoming parade. the crash killed four, and injured dozens of others. chambers has not yet been formally charged. she's being held on four preliminary counts of second degree measured. the university of mississippi has removed the state flag from its campus. the legislature voted to take down the flag. 9 aregawi african americans in june were murdered at a racially motivated attack at a church in south carolina. israel's prime minister has proposed revoking travel rights for palestinians who live in occupied east jerusalem.
the move isn't likely but it has raised many concerns even in the u.s. the violence continues when a palestinian man was shot and killed in hebron during a stabbing attack of a soldier. the violence comes with a new round of diplomacy. david chater reports. >> over the weekend, u.s. secretary of state john kerry met with mahmoud abbas and after that meeting he called on leaders to lead. he said that measures must be taken to try and tamp down the violence, the cycle of violence that has been escalating over the last few weeks. but the statement we've heard tonight here in prustle brusselm president mahmoud abbas, there was no indication he was going to make a call for the end of the violence. he was blaming it very much on the israelis and the key issue he raised was not only the fact there was no political horizon, no hope for the youth and the new generation of palestinians,
he has said the israelis have changed status quo on the noble sanctuary, the temple mount, the al-aqsa mosque. the third most holy shrine in islam and the most holy shrine for the jewish as well. he said there were incursions, in his words, referring to increased activity by jewish religious leaders and their wish to get into the compound to have prayers, at what is their holiest site. he was proclaiming that very much on the cycle of violence that we're seeing. he didn't make any call for damping down or tamping down that violence and that i think is exactly what we didn't expect. because john kerry the u.s. secretary of state, was asking leaders on both sides the trio and get this violence to end. we didn't hear that from
president mahmoud abbas tonight. >> david chater in brussels. a u.n. report on human rights in iran says the islamic republic is more willing to discuss its record, nuclear deal how it could open the deal to changes. canadian authorities are investigating a boat accident that left nearly five dead off the coast of british columbia on sunday. all were from great britain. 21 others were rescued, one missing. the sea cn conditions were calm after the accident. >> it may be weeks to months to understand what's happened. this is a sea going community, whale watching industry, people are very aware that the ocean is unpredictable at times and we do live on a very rugged coast. >> the company that owns the
tour boat says it is cooperating with investigators. a new warning today about cancer and the meat we eat. the world health organization now says processed meats are carcinogenic to humans and red meat is probably carcinogenic. this may change the way we look at hot dogs cold cuts and bacon. al jazeera's wayne hay has more. >> for some people the perception of meat may have changed forever, that's because the international agency of research on cancer which is part of the world health organization has classified processed meat as a cancer-causing substance. it says if you eat 50 grams of processed meat a day it will increase the chances of developing cancer of the colon by 18%. in countries like thailand where cheap but convenient meat balls and sausages are part of many people's diet it is a concern for development.
>> in the morning we have to hurry to go somewhere or parents tend to buy something easy for children to eat. so there might be the cause of like they eat sausage or like processed meat every day. >> processed meat is preserved by adding chemicals salt or smoking it. it's now placed here, among a list of things that are definitely cars nu noticegenic o humans. it rates next to asbestos because of the process. red meat including beef lamb and pork is in the next list of things that probably cause cancer, like herbicides, lead compounds, malaria, fumes from fried food and working night shifts. before the official announcement the meat industry in the u.s. spoke out to try to r counter
thing announcement. >> it's iarc's job acknowledge to create a healthy diet. >> consumption of meat is increasing around the world. according to the united nations it went up by 25% in the ten years from 2003. this report focuses on the ingredients and compounds that are found in meat. what it doesn't focus on are any other lifestyle choices that people who eat a lot of plate might also be making. the w.h.o. classifications help governments around the world find ways of make their populations healthier. controversial as it is, this report will give them plenty to consider. wayne hay, al jazeera, bangkok. >> china's central committee is holding a series of economic meetings this week in beijing. as al jazeera's rob mcbride reports the committee is putting together china's next five year plan and looking for new ways to
jump start the country's economy. >> it may seem out of place a vestige of early communism but this five year plan comes at an important time in china's development. most importantly, people will be waiting for what china sets as its gdp rates. well below the 7% this comes at an important time as china transitions away from a government based on manufacturing and investment in large infrastructure projects and more to consumerism. that obviously depends on people having more money to spend. an important aspect of this plan is how china delivers a higher income society, where the governmenpeoplehave more share g country's wealth. >> i think certain industries do better like my are business,
real estate. >> if we have more money we'll spend more. >> the important social goals of the five year plan is up as greater welfare hem for the 17 million in china who are officially below the poverty line here. and also possibly further relaxations of the one child policy with the nations authorities are facing a graying nation. the five year plan gives unof the clearest indicators of just the kind of society china wants to see itself become in the future. >> rob mcbride in beijing. no clear winner. that means argentina will have a presidential runoff in at least another month before someone steps in to take control of that country's troubled economy. and later intricate copper treasures sold in baghdad may soon be a thing of the past. past.
>> in a a big surprise argentina is facing its first runoff election ever. the ruling party was expected to clean up but yesterday's initial vote put it neck in neck with the opposition. leftist ruling party candidate daniel scioli narrowly edged out mauricio macri. today, the two candidates began campaigning for votes from those who supported third party
candidates. al jazeera april teresa vo has been covering the election from buenos aires. she spoke to voters many of whom said they are ready for new leadership. >> everyone in argentina, the polls have suggested there could be a second round, nobody suspected it to become such a close race. the difference between mauricio macri and daniel scioli is so close, the differences that exist between one caircht and thcandidate andthe other. a very close aid of cristina kirchner in the process of buenos aires, the largest in argentina, this is the first time that a woman is going to be ruling in a parones stronghold.
everyone was surprised about sunday's results. >> translator: the transition is necessary because there were many years where people that did not support the government felt they couldn't speak. the results show that a lot of people are tired and they showed it with their vote. >> we want a chance. some things were done correctly by this government and now we want someone that can improve things a bit. >> reporter: arnlargentiniansl head to the runoff polls for the first time. mauricio macri or david scioli, many voted also for change. >> al jazeera's teresa vo reporting from the streets of
buenos aires, argentina. colombia's officials say, the national liberation army, the eln, the country's second largest guerilla army is blamed, important role in the government implementing a peace agreement with the largest group of rebels, farc. allesandro san pieti reports. >> coming with something new, peace or at least a taste of it. >> translator: today's elections were the most peaceful and least violent that happen in decades. we'll see if we can achieve peace. >> 60% in the runup to elections. 32 provincial governors were elected without any attacks by armed groups. positive progress brought by the
ongoing peace negotiations between the government and the farc rebels. but election observers say the lull in violence has made fraud and corruption more visible. a thousand candidates have seen their eligibility revoked for lying about their finances or trying to buy votes. and authorities disallowed more than a million irregular vote applications. >> the relationship between construction and politics in this country, we never had a strong culture of democrati dem. staying in power without the threat of weapons. >> these could be the last elections celebrated in colombia with the civil conflict still raging on. that's why it's so important because mayors and governors elected now could be tasked with
implementing any reforms implemented from the peace agreement. rejecting far right and far left candidates, in the capital bogota, former governor won after a decade of left-leaning mayors. while the staunch opposer of the peace process ended almost empty handed. >> several independent candidates were elected who i think will take do a terrific d. notwithstanding these positive aspects i'm very concerned by the fact that with a considerable number of governorships and mayorships were taken by people who have links with the paramilitary or with drug traffickers. >> a complex scenario for a country in transition, who hopes to leave its old conflict
behind. >> guatemalans have voted for change. jimmy morales took 70% of the vote, edit feeing the country's former first lady, sandra torrez. >> reporter: celebrations in the streets of guatemala city, as jimmy morales's supporters are celebrate his victory. people in this neighborhood view him as a hero, a man of humble beginnings who will lead the country for the next four years. >> translator: we are all happy. jimmy morales, aside from being an academic is an artist. he's a sensible man. we know he will act with love in his heart towards us and his country. >> former television comedian morales clinched the vote on the second round of presidential elections on saturday. the 46-year-old beat out his political rival sandra torrez, winning nearly double the amount
of votes torrez received. >> we've been blessed with a booum day. let us do everything in our power so the next few years will also be the best for guatemala because constructing guatemala is not a job for one plan or two men. it's a job for each and every citizen of this great nation. >> reporter: earlier on sunday the political outsider drew a crowd as he cast his vote in guatemala city. morales last of experience drew support from guatemalans tired of seeing a crument government. >> translator: corrupt governme. >> translator: in this election we have seen a candidate who has won buy huge amount. people have chosen the only candidate who has not been part of the traditional ruling class. >> earlier this year a multimillion dollar corruption scam brought down the president.
otto perez molina is now on trial for tax fraud and graft. the scandal led to the biggest protest in guatemala's recent history with tense o tens of ths taking to the street to demand the end to political corruption. he'll have to face a divided congress yet he'll be under enormous pressure to put through political reforms. david mercer, al jazeera, guatemala city. >> poland's government will be shifting to the right after parliamentary elections. law and just party led the way in sunday's balloting winning nearly 38% of the vote. that gives a majority in the parliament and that could spell trouble in european union neighboring countries. it would not adopt the euro
until polish wages catch up with those in the rest of european union. >> the results are not expected until the end of the week but incumbent president osame watara is the favorite. civil war, 3,000 people were killed. 71-year-old dennis sasu gueso is coming to the end of his second seven year term. on sunday the country held a referendum whether the constitution should be changed to change the two term limit for candidates or age range of 70 years. they said voter turnout was so low the referendum circulate not count.
>> these people have decided that today they will be arrested. >> i know that i'm being surveilled. >> people are not getting the care that they need. >> this is a crime against humanity. >> hands up... >> don't shoot. >> hands up... >> don't shoot. >> what do we want? >> justice. >> when do we want it? >> now. >> explosions going on... we're not quite sure - >> is that an i.e.d.? >> "faultlines". al jazeera america's award-winning investigative series. monday, 10:00 eastern. on al jazeera america.
now to our global view segment with a look at how news outlets across the world are reacting to various events. >> the guardian writes about the national justice party in poland, not the disaster that some poles and other observers believe it to be. the observer writes that poland may be ready for a change but there remains strong support for liberal constitutional european values. in an editorial entitled new europe's return to the dark ages the eu observer writes, continues the shift away from pro-western attitudes that emerged after the fall of communism to strongly conservative antiimmigrant views seen in hungary, slovakia and the czech republic.
the long standing uttering prayers while visiting the al-aqsa compound. freedom of religious expression and access to the al-aqsa mosque should be addressed through dialogue and mutual respect. but an affront to liberal values will do little to calm angry muslims. after years of war, iraq's copper industry is dying out, for years, merchants have sold copper goods. imtiaz tyab brings you the off the radar segment in baghdad. >> for years majik has hearmd sheets of copper into works of art. the intricate work was taught to
him by his father who learned from his father. he has worked from this stall for as long as anyone can remember but he's afraid he is the last one. >> my sons will not follow had my footsteps. they believe this profession is going to be extinct. due to the poor security and economic conditions of the country as well as the lack of foreign tourists. >> reporter: baghdad's safafeer market has been around for generations. for years it was the destination of traders from the middle east looking for copper craft. in neighbor 90, there were hundreds of stalls selling copper goods, now only 15 remain, with only 15 still crafting hand made pieces. the artists of safafeer market
says there's not only nonexistent tourism, it is also the growing popularity of cheaply made goods that are produced in a similar style. this kofi pot wa coffee pot wasn india. the replicas cost less than a quarter of his hand made creations. he is left with little choice but to sell them in order to keep his business afloat. >> translator: when i sell my hand made items it is like parting with a piece of my body. would you believe because i spend so many hours making each piece, i dare machines to craft such beautiful art like this. >> copper artisans are calling for government to invest in the
industry, but few believe they will. they fear that the copper craftsmanship will soon disappear. being imtiaz tyab, at the safafeer market in baghdad. wasn't going to a star wars convention. he was working on darth vader's political campaign. darth vader was in fact the party's candidate for odessa. the outfits were a little more glamorous as another legendary film franchise was celebrated in london this evening. the occasion was the premier of specter. the 24th edition of the james bond series. priprince harry and presence
william and kate were among the audience. fault lines is up next. i'll see you again in an hour. hour. >> every year in america over 11 thousand babies die on the day that they're born. most are just born too early. their vital organs, heart and lungs still unformed. even those who survive beyond 24 hours often die before their first birthday. but if the baby is african american, they are more than