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tv   Inside Story 2017 Ep 351  Al Jazeera  December 18, 2017 8:32pm-9:01pm +03

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any attempt to add changing. the order altering the character status or demographic composition of the holy city of jerusalem have no effect and our knowledge and void and must be rescinded thus we have to object to such attempts in line with relevant security council resolutions the draft resolution calls upon all countries not to to establish diplomatic missions in the holy city of jerusalem. in compliance with security council resolution four hundred seventy eight of nine hundred eighty one the draft resolution demands that all states comply with the security council resolutions regarding the holy city of jerusalem and not to recognize any actions or measures contrary to the those resolutions it also read to rate its call for the reversal of the negative trends on the ground that are imperiling the two state solution and for the intensification of
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international and regional effort since the poort provide support and achieving a comprehensive just and lasting peace in the middle east on the basis of the relevant united nations resolutions of security council resolutions. in addition to the moderate terms of reference including the principle of land for peace and the arab peace initiative the quartet road map and an end to the israeli occupation the began in one nine hundred sixty seven. egypt was one of the very first people of supposed to the palestinian people since nine hundred forty eight we will continue to follow suit unless until that we reach full and durable peace. look in light of what has been said i call upon all members of your council to vote for the draft resolution and to implement the international law which is our main term of reference related to a rights and duties concerning this critical topic and other international topics
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thank you mr president thank the representative of ukip for his statement i now give the floor to the briton to. you know this is a you've been listening there to the u.n. security council you heard there from the egyptian representatives egypt are the ones who backed this all who. initiated this resolution at the u.n. which is designed to knowledge fire president trying to decision to recognize jerusalem as israel's capital he restated that jerusalem is a final status issues you need to be resolved through negotiations and he said the draft resolution offend any decision and actions which report to have altered at the character status or demographic composition of jerusalem have no legal effect our knowledge void and must be rescinded let's bring in mike allen who's at the un for us so the position i was in egypt was as expected if they were behind this or they drafted the resolution do you think they will get the support that they want
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on this. well it would appear they would we've heard from some of the other security council members the united kingdom france making very clear that they support this resolution for one very important reason it is in effect a restatement of established u.n. policy on the status of jerusalem established over decades so for any of the council members to vote against it they are fake to believe denying resolutions that have been passed by the united nations and both the general assembly and the security council that being said to that is one member that is made very clearly that it is not going to vote in favor and that is the united states which is very likely to wield a veto meaning that the resolution would not pass despite being supported by possibly fourteen of the fifteen members so all in the end though if this is vetoed by the u.s. as we expect what next then will it then you go to their general assembly and how
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much difference would that make. it well indeed as we've heard from the palestinian leadership that is saying even before the vote takes place that it will take the matter to the general assembly. well the difference there is that any general assembly resolution is not binding on members but importantly there is no veto in the general assembly so what the palestinians and those supporting this particular resolution would seek to do is highlight and publicize the international isolation of the u.s. on this issue which they would do very strongly if one got a general assembly vote which basically left the u.s. and israel and perhaps one or two other minor states voting against the resolution and the bulk of the more than one hundred sixty members of the united nations general assembly voting in favor that would highlight what the palestinians insist is the increasing international isolation of the u.s.
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on the status and issue of jerusalem and mike hanna thank you very much indeed for time being thank you. celebrations are underway in qatar for its national day it's a commemoration of the gulf nations unification on december the eighteenth eight hundred seventy eight this is celebrations come six months into the gulf crisis saudi arabia the u.a.e. bahrain and egypt cut ties with chatter back in june accusing it of funding terrorism a charge though has strongly denied a turkish court has ordered the release of a german journalist who's accused of publishing anti government propaganda is an attorney who was arrested in april while working for a turkish news agency she and five others have been released on bail pending the outcome of the trial human rights groups say eretz are a targeted crackdown on free speech. i was a journalist now when hussein is approaching his first anniversary in prison in egypt he was arrested there on december twentieth last year while visiting family
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his detention has been renewed ten times most recently for another forty five days there continues to demand his release a hooded accused of broadcasting false news to spread chaos which he handled as they were strongly deny he has repeatedly complained of mistreatment in jail three gunmen who stormed a construction site in the afghan capital kabul have been killed after a standoff and gun battle with security forces is believed they took control of the partially built building in order to fire down at a neighboring intelligence training center the three men launch their failed attack with a car bomb and rocket propelled grenades i saw is claiming responsibility. let's take you straight back to the u.n. security council meeting and let's have a listen to the vote results would seem foods in favor one vote against. the draft resolution has not been adopted going to the negative vote of
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a permanent member of the council. i now give the floor to the members of the council who wish to make the state after the vote. i give the floor to the representative of the united states. thank you mr president i have been the proud representative of the united states at the united nations for nearly a year now this is the first time i have exercised the american right to veto a resolution in the security council. the exercise of the veto is not something the united states does often we have not done it in more than six years we do it with no joy but we do it with no reluctance the fact that this veto is being done in defense of american sovereignty and in defense of america's role in the middle east peace process is not a source of embarrassment for us it should be an embarrassment to the remainder of
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the security council as i pointed out when we discussed this topic ten days ago i will once again note the features of the president's announcement on jerusalem that are most relevant here the president took great care not to prejudge final status negotiations in any way including the specific boundaries of israeli sovereignty in jerusalem that remains a subject to be negotiated only by the parties the position is fully in line with the previous security council resolutions the president was also careful to state that we support the status quo regarding jerusalem's holy sites and we support a two state solution if that's what the parties agree to again these positions are fully consistent with the previous security council resolutions it is highly regrettable that some are trying to distort the president's position to serve their
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own agendas what is troublesome to some people is not that the united states has harmed the peace process we have in fact done no such thing rather what is troublesome to some people is that the united states had the courage and honesty to recognize a fundamental reality jerusalem has been the political cultural and spiritual homeland of the jewish people for thousands of years they have had no other capital city. but the united states' recognition of the obvious that jerusalem is the capital and seat of the modern israeli government is too much for sound first some have threatened violence on the street as if violence would somehow improve the prospects of peace now today buried in diplomatic jargon some presume to tell america where to put our embassy the united states has
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a sovereign right to determine where and whether we established and its embassy i suspect very few member states would welcome the security council pronouncements about their sovereign decision and i think of some who should fear it it's worth noting that this is not a new american position back in one thousand nine hundred when jimmy carter was the american president the security council voted on resolution four seven eight which called upon diplomatic missions to relocate from jerusalem the united states did not support the resolution for seven days in his remarks then secretary of state ed muskie said the following quote the draft resolution before us today is illustrated of a preoccupation which has produced this series of unbalanced and unrealistic texts on middle east issues specifically regarding the provision on diplomatic missions
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in jerusalem secretary muskie said this quote in our judgment this provision is not binding it is without force and we reject it as a disruptive attempt to dictate to other nations it does nothing to promote a resolution of the difficult problems facing israel and its neighbors it does nothing to advance the cause of peace. that was in one nine hundred eighty it is equally true today the united states will not be told by any country where we can put our embassy. buried even deeper in the jargon of this resolution is the accusation that the united states is setting back the prospects of peace in the middle east that is a scandalous charge those who are making it should consider that it only harms the very palestinian people they claim to speak for what does it gain the palestinian people for their leaders to throw up roadblocks to negotiations
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a peace process that is damaged by the simple recognition that jerusalem is the capital of israel is not a peace process it is a justification for an endless stalemate what does it gain the palestinian people for some of their leaders to accuse the united states of being hostile to the cause of peace. if it gains them nothing but it risks costing them a great deal the united states has done more than any other country to assist the palestinian people by far since one thousand nine hundred four we have given over five billion dollars to the palestinians in bali lateral economic assistance security assistance and humanitarian assistance the united nations relief and works agency for palestinian refugees operate schools and medical facilities throughout
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the region it is funded almost entirely by voluntary contributions last year the united states voluntarily funded almost thirty percent of under his budget that's more than the next two largest donor us combined and it's vastly more than some of the members of this council that have considerable financial resources of their own . i'll be blunt when the american people see a group of countries whose total contributions to the palestinian people is less than one percent of budget when they see these countries accuse the united states of being insufficiently committed to peace the american people their patients i have been to the palestinian refugee camps the united states supports with their contributions i have met with men women and children there i have advocated on their behalf i can tell you that their leaders do them no favors by being more
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open to abandon abandoning peace negotiations than to doing the hard work of seeing them to completion the united states has never been more committed to peace in the middle east we were committed to it before the president announced our recognition of jerusalem as the capital of israel and we're committed to it today what we witnessed here today in the security council is an insult it won't be forgotten it's one more example of the united nations doing more harm than good in addressing the israeli palestinian conflict today for the simple act of deciding where to put our embassy the united states was forced to defend its sovereignty the record will were flecked that we did so proudly today for of knowledge of basic truth about the capital city of israel we are accused of harming peace the record will reflect that
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we reject that outrageous claim for these reasons and with the best interests of both the israeli and the palestinian people firmly in mind the united states votes no on this resolution thank you i thank the rippers into the united states of america. apologies if we lost the line there to the u.n. security council strong defense there from nikki haley of the united states' position their decision that a veto that resolution which was attempting to nullify the united states' decision to recognize jerusalem as the capital of israel and also the announcement that the u.s. embassy would be moved there nikki haley saying the u.s. will not be told by any country where we can put our embassy she said the u.s. was never more committed to peace in the middle east than it is today and was strong words of suggesting that this whole vote of these fourteen other nations at the security council was an insult to the united states let's bring in mike hanna
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who's at the u.n. for us so really strong words there from nikki haley attacking the others at the u.n. security council but also the u.n. in general there what do you think that people will listen to those words that she that she put in defending that decision and the kind of the thinking behind it. well i think of to be recognize that as as happened in the past as the u.s. ambassador believes that attack is the best for defense she was defending as she put it the u.s. is a sovereignty it's right to choose where it would put its embassy in a foreign country however she also attacked the u.n. what you called its continued bias against israel very strong words from her though where she said that it was an insult to the united states that back there fourteen members of the security council voted in favor of the resolution and insult that she said will not be forgotten
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a little bit sounding like some kind of threat there from the u.s. ambassador at the moment in the security council we are hearing from the u.k. ambassador very made very clear his support for the resolution beforehand the reason he gave for his support is that shared by the other fourteen members who voted in favor and that is this resolution drafted by egypt is no more than a restatement of decades of u.n. decisions u.n. resolutions on the status of jerusalem and that is that it is a final status matter that must be different sided by the parties and then endorsed by another u.n. resolution so strong words from the u.s. but very clearly international isolation increasing for the u.s. in the basis of its position on jerusalem as the capital of israel michael timing thank you very much indeed in that seven little listen in to matthew right there from the u.k.
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at this over in boundaries within the city must be subject to negotiations between the parties. our commitment to and position on an israeli palestinian peace agreement has also not changed it should be based on the lines as they stood on june the fourth one thousand nine hundred sixty seven with equal land swaps to reflect the national security and religious interests of the jewish and palestinian people's drusilla should be to share it capital of the israeli and palestinian states and its status must be determined through a final status agreement a just fair agreed and realistic settlement for refugees is needed that is demographically compatible with the principle of two states for two peoples this position is consistent with the resolution before us we now strongly encourage the u.s. administration to bring forward detailed proposals for an israeli palestinian settlement we call on all parties to act with restraint reject violence and work together to
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ensure carmen stability this will give the peace process the best chance of success we remain fully supportive of progress towards a lasting peace and will do everything we can to achieve it mr president any peace effort needs to take account of the people not just the land and the holy sites for too long israelis have lived in fear of rockets and terror districts havoc in people's daily lives and renders peace hard to achieve as do attempts by some to deny the ancient and legitimate connection of the jewish and palestinian people's to jerusalem for palestinians living outside east jerusalem including the old city many are effectively cut off from it those that can enter have to wait in long lines to pass through checkpoints within east jerusalem live more than three hundred twenty thousand palestinians the vast majority are permanent residents but their permits can be revoked at any point if they apply for israeli citizenship and
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most do not a high proportion of applications are rejected. the lives of jews and palestinians and for both groups jerusalem is uniquely holy must not be forgotten in any peace effort. i once again reaffirm our strong support for in need peace negotiations between the israelis and palestinians as soon as possible these should be supported by the international community and realize the vision of un general assembly resolution one eight one you seventieth anniversary you remarked last month a safe and secure israel the homeland for the jewish people living alongside a viable and sovereign palestinian state the homeland for the palestinian people thank you i think the representative of the united kingdom for his statement i now give the floor to the representative of france. miss your lip if you don't.
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love. france regrets the outcome of the load today and we would like to thank egypt for the quality of the work that it has accomplished you know and thank you for the balanced approach that followed. this vote. with you was a foregone conclusion for us for four reasons that i would like to refer to today first of all this draft resolution confirms an international consensus on jerusalem and that has been built over decades. and i don't want comment today which is translated into international law if you will if the decisions announced by the president of the united states which we regret to note my goodness we're now launching the united nations for a so what do you think the fallout will be from this decision the veto exercised by the u.s. to to defeat this resolution or. brought to the u.n. by the egyptians and all that support the fourteen other members voting for it and
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the u.s. exercising its veto and now i'm not saying that it was an insult to the u.s. that these other hand had voted on it in this way do you think you'll be more fallout from this whole vote in terms of which allegations are not united states against the other. well there is a possibility certainly the words of the u.s. ambassador there that we will not forget were darkly threatening in nature but we're hearing from the french ambassador saying you just heard that this result was a foregone conclusion or members were well aware that the u.s. was going to execute its veto that the resolution would not passed but they can very clear too that the palestinians are intent that they will bring them back to the general assembly now that's important because there is no u.s. veto in the general assembly important too is the fact that any resolution in the general assembly is not binding on all members but the intention is to continue to highlight the degree to which the u.s.
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is isolated in its ongoing support of israel but also in its ongoing support of jerusalem as the capital of the state of israel earlier on today we heard the u.s. ambassador as well say that a resolution condemning settlement building as an obstacle to peace the u.s. would veto at this particular time the u.s. administration abstained when that resolution was passed last december so clearly there's a hard line attitude emerging from the u.s. this has been in place for a long time confirmed right now mike hanna thank you very much indeed. some other news now on a nail biting at election in the indian state of gujarat has seen prime minister narendra modi hold on to power his party parity and janata party has governed good for the past twenty two years to think of quality port. people here say it was one of the most exciting elections the state of gujarat has seen in decades
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. there have been celebrations in the city center along with relief that the ruling party agenda third party managed to retain power. but it was a close race. for the first time in twenty two years the opposition indian national congress radek campaign that threatened the ruling party why didn't. the p.d.p. had campaigned on the issue of economic development. and people voted for them. no doubt the communities opposing the party have affected some seats against the people who voted for development and reelected that they hate. the rest of the country has been watching this political race closely prime minister narendra modi was chief minister of good drugs for thirteen years before taking over the top job . his support included visits to his home state to campaign on behalf of the b j p and to cost his vote mr moody would personally be greatly relieved by this
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victory but this is a victory which will not give great joy and happiness to the party worker this is going to be a victory which the cannot walton celebrate it's going to be very similar to the way that the congress is not been able to win the elections but their workers are going to walk out and celebrate at least the revival of the party the congress party has increased its influence now holds more constituencies than before. the congress party managed to unite several political groups disenfranchised with the state's economy and who feel left out of its development there may not have been a change in government but many say this election has put a spotlight. on this day that in all its unemployment inflation and the fact that the benefits of good drops what stuck out that economic growth have not way to many people particularly in rural areas a lot of classified as low income. despite the celebrations analysts say the b j p
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should take the results as a warning. the party has lost seats in every legislative assembly elections since the rather modi became chief minister in two thousand and one zero zero they have ceded ground in this election to show enough support to the people of cannot be taken for granted. they go paul an al-jazeera the truth. and that's it for me learn to live the moment but i'll be back in just a couple of minutes with the news hour with details there of all the stories we're covering he said with us he had.
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