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tv   14 Up South Africa P1  Al Jazeera  March 21, 2019 11:00pm-12:00am +03

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cross southern africa cyclon it i began as a tropical storm earlier this week before intensifying off the western coast of madagascar ever to hit lands in mozambique on thursday with winds gusting up to one hundred and seventy co-authors an hour pounding the city of beirut and then move further inland schools and further destruction through the weekend tracking westwards and striking neighboring zimbabwe malawi also experience of fear rain and flooding and damage from the high winds storm flattened buildings and put the lives of millions at risk the rescue teams in mozambique have extended their search for survivors who still traps in flooded areas this footage shows an emergency team rescuing stranded villagers in beira hundreds of people have been clinging to tree branches and rooftops for several days now some fifteen thousand are still stranded that aids has been slow to reach affected villages because the infrastructure is so
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damaged that cycling we understand has killed at least four hundred people across southern africa. now in a moment we'll go to malcolm webb who is in the city of assistant dangar in mozambique but first reports from femi the miller he's in the port city of. the roofs of buildings from the water that's all that's left of this town by floodwater that almost a week ago. the province it's not known how many people made it out safely. on stagnant water allies across the horizon on an isolated piece of dry land rescue workers drop off desperately needed food hundreds of people queue for what could be their only meal in days. to die.
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i. was. late that night. as we fly further we see what was once a sports ground now a temporary shelter for hundreds of people who are stranded sit wait and sleep on a back to grandstand a short unsubtle group preview from floodwaters. then a call comes through to save a critically ill patient this woman is pregnant and needs medical help as quickly as possible. ten minutes between. the safety of bear a city maybe her. initial concern about how psycho to die would impact central mozambique has been replaced by a widespread flooding a growing number of deaths and the displacement of thousands of people this is just one rescue of what aid agencies say could be thousands more. al-jazeera
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muslim beak. what we can see here which is a bridge severely damaged when tarantula rain cycling brought cause the rivers to swell this river just a few days ago was above the water levels above where i'm standing now so it's really damage this bridge and took out a whole section on the far side that people have got on both sides and vehicles people are managing to cross by climbing up and down the pillars on the bridge with the help of a cable and then scrambling across it's not very safe that people really need to get around to find out if their relatives have survived because there's no phone communications in order to get food to people who are stuck and isolated on the other side in this picture with. similar stories like throughout the whole of central mozambique we traveled along that road yesterday that across several bridges that were broken like this and so that's we just had the whole of the central region into a series of islands in which there are many people in need people whose homes were
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flooded crops were destroyed people who need food now and no road access to get emergency support to them or humanitarian aid so that we waiting to get help. this is al jazeera still to come. bikers lead the way at the funeral for the seventy one year old says he was the first person so it's only in the news even mosque attacks . and the hardship of life on the streets for families struggling to feed themselves in the philippines. carlo welcomes another look at the international forecast we got a line of the organized showers longer spells of rain now just showing the hand across central and eastern parts of china as a shit further south is fine and dry hong kong around twenty five celsius but this
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weather system will sink its way further south as we go on into saturday system maybe spells of rain just coming into southern china at this stage twenty two celsius for all going behind that temperatures pick up nicely for shanghai temperatures getting up to around seventeen celsius with plenty of sunshine and plenty of sunshine to rot across india now topping entirely in the region we too have a few showers will be some showers should make in the way into sri lanka has to go on through friday and sas time for the north increasing cloud just spilling across northern parts of pakistan heading towards a fall north of india but in between look at that temperatures getting up to thirty eight celsius in hydrabad warm sunshine to across iraq empennage the not quite as warm as that having said that we're getting up to around twenty seven degrees here in doha i didn't i would be a few showers possible just around the gulf you can see the sticker area cloud that we have here some cloud to just pushing across central parts of saudi arabia i will sink a little further south with recessed day ryan rather more likely but fine for cata
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. isn't the problem for your crown that they really don't have a health question mark over him but he does have a corruption question mark over it doesn't look good for the image bill it appears that they were going to do it we will have known about this order to be real you get why there's a lot of disillusionment with the us across the globe. it's called for a bridge doesn't build confidence it breaks will join me near the hot sun on up front of my guests from around the world take the hot seat and we debate the week's top stories and big issues here on al-jazeera.
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you're watching all dizzy or a reminder of our top stories this hour. at least forty five people have died after a ferry capsized in northern iraq rescuers have so far twelve survivors from the waters off the tigris river in most school around two hundred people were on board the ferry at the time. presidents prime minister is in brussels to defend her request for a break sit delay evaders are expected to wait until a third attempts by the reason made to get parliament's backing for a proposal. rescue workers in mozambique are struggling to reach victims of cycling is i nearly fifteen thousand people are stranded at least four hundred have died since the storm struck mozambique some bob and malawi. he zealand's prime minister has moved swiftly to make changes to gun laws just days after the mass shootings at two mosques all military style semiautomatic weapons
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and assault rifles are effectively banned immediately when he has more from christ church less than a week after fifty people were murdered the prime minister just dern and those changes to gun laws that she says will make new zealand safer today i'm announcing that new zealand will ban all military style seamy order magic weakens we will also ban all assault rifles we will ban all car capacity magazines we will ban or pads with the ability to convert seeming automatic or any other type of firearm into a military style seamy automatic weapon i just don't expect the laws to be passed in three weeks and in the meantime the weapons have been reclassified meaning owners will have to apply for new licenses the message from the prime minister to those gun owners is don't bother trying. the gunman who is alleged to have attacked
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the mosque sport assault rifles legally with a license he then modified them using parts he purchased online he was able to fire multiple rounds quickly the guns he used will now be illegal and the loophole he took advantage of to modify them closed on monday as cabinet met to agree on the law changes the owner of new zealand's largest gun seller held a media conference in christchurch he said he had previously sold four guns to the suspect in the attack but couldn't be sure if any of them we used last friday and he wouldn't be drawn into the issue of gun laws to buy differently will continue as it appears will more life but this particular diary is not of their begun to bite the government says it will buy weapons off owners in a plan it thinks will cost up to one hundred forty million dollars some have already started handing this back to the police but with no gun registry or new
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zealand it's not known how many are out there tell me the last week or so a lot of people been buying up lots but i mean. they're going to have to look at themselves with research the hard stuff and they are and relentless on them that simple i think it's a step on the right direction something must change spaced on the last experience i know some people could see this as a reaction. across reaction because of one person the consequences and what we've seen is this terrible and something must change the prime minister says the new laws are just the beginning she says one stop passed will be a broader review of regulations to try to ensure new zealand never sees another mass killing wayne hay al jazeera christ church. or more victims of the attacks have been buried in christ church among them was. the first person shot and killed under thomas was at his funeral.
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in life policy doubt now be loved motorbikes so his sons arranged for members of a club to lead his funeral cortege nabil was the first and at seventy one the eldest person shot and killed last friday in christchurch witnesses say he greeted the gunman at the door of the al nor mosque not realizing his intent his family is profoundly proud of his spinal words of welcome on first day hundreds of people came to the muslim section of christ churches memorial park cemetery to pay their last respects and reflect on his life he was the first african in new zealand any search to accomplish a mosque in he built the allure mosque in is the founder. so many people are being buried this week there's a marquee at the cemetery in which to conduct formalities the greeting of and
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grieving over nobby's body his wife died in teary youngest granddaughter his wife distraught and a friend comforting one of his sons after the funeral prayer. this is now the when he first came to new zealand a young engineer who established a business mending damaged cars he made a success of life in new zealand many friends helped carry his coffin. gravesite more tears and more prayers eleven victims were buried before nabi thirty eight more to follow all on our identified after days of investigation by police and the coroner now. used to be lowered gently into the ground. after all the trauma and then the bureaucracy of the last week finally isn't about how. died but rather how he lived who he was what he
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did and the legacy he's leaving behind that legacy includes fun of children and knowing grandchildren and the memory of a kind man dad had a good heart a loving father it welcomed me what it is. a good man for muslim religion. for our family. big loss let's make. haji daoud nabil will forever stay here but on life his final words are now traveling. andrew thomas al jazeera christchurch an explosion at a chemical factory in eastern china has killed at least six people and injured thirty others it happens in yen chung in johnston province scientists say the glass
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cause a tremor the size of a small earthquake. brian has more now from beijing. well the investigation into this latest explosion at a chemical plant in eastern china is now underway this was a very powerful blast several hours after it there was still a large plume of smoke hanging over the industrial complex a number of people were injured at least thirty they're being treated in hospital so it's possible the death toll could continue to rise at least thirty people though were rescued many of them workers from this chemical factory now we know that at least ten schools are within a five kilometer radius of this side of course that is one small raise questions about why people are able to live a permitted to live so close to industrial estates where these dangerous chemicals are produced now sadly industrial accidents like this are not rare in china there
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have been at least four serious ones during the past five years the most serious of which was in the northeastern city of tea engine in august two thousand and fifteen when a hundred sixty five people were killed after an explosion at a chemical storage plant now china as i say does not have a particularly good record when it comes to industrial safety worker safety in two thousand and seventeen at least thirty eight thousand workers died in accidents in factories and mines but that was a twelve percent fall on the previous year it is improving china's government says it's improving but clearly the government has a long way to go to improve on that safety record. judges have joined protesters in the algerian capital organizing a sets in and several local courts the process is a solidarity with more than one five percent of the judges who refuse to oversee
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the upcoming election of president of the pacifica is a candidates are serious ruling party has also withdrawn its support for beautifully. a growing number of people in the philippines are struggling to feed themselves according to aid groups one in five live in extreme poverty getting by on less than two dollars a day to the island organ meats some of those struggling to earn a living and feed themselves in the capital manila. when war broke out in the southern philippines almost two years ago. and her children fled the violence they made their way here to downtown manila since then her eldest son to her man has been providing for the family but life in manila is also violent and like many others they are harassed because they're homeless and they're classified as illegal vendors later in the case it is hard when you see them haul away entirely what is
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even more difficult is when the children are sick but what can i do. experts say iran to have a filipino children go to bed hungry and the young are most at risk of money meant more than twenty percent of them are underweight the philippines ranks ninth in the world among countries with the highest number of children with stunted growth. occurs the most in agriculture and fishing sectors where more than seventy percent of workers are impoverished displacements brought about by natural disasters and continuing on conflict contributes to communities food insecurity the autonomy as a region in muslim in the now has one of the highest tendency for on their way children and it may be attributed to the history of conflict in the region. aid groups have been feeding children in many public schools for years and the government is promised to expand that program nationwide and include kindergartens
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and elementary schools. it hopes to eradicate hunger and reduce down to the growth in children by twenty thirty on there it's sustainable development goal it's not being highlighted because. this is very abstract we only noticed politician if the child is skin and bones sometimes we call it behave that hunger even recall it like . that starvation of the soul because when we talk about malnutrition that it doesn't affect the body when it affects the whole being of the child. shane is twelve years old and for four years she's been helping her mother feed her other seven siblings they sell flowers outside churches and together make less than six u.s. dollars a day shane sleeps here on the pavement with her mother she says she dreams she'll
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become a doctor windy but for now she sells her flowers with hunger her constant companion . just zero and. this is all zero and these other top stories at least forty five people have died after a ferry capsized in northern iraq rescuers have so far pooled twelve survivors from the waters of the tigris river in will sue or and two hundred people were believed to be on board the ferry at the time crash well natasha good name has more now from baghdad. we have two very seasoned producers here in the baghdad bureau they've been here since two thousand and three and both of them have said that this is unprecedented they simply cannot recall a time when there was an accident on a ferry due to capsizing because it may have been beyond capacity but
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also involving the sheer number of people that we're talking about you can rest assured that iraqi officials are going to be getting to the bottom of exactly what happened on the tigris river today and why and if it could have been avoided prison is prime minister is in brussels to defend her request for a brecht certainly e.u. leaders are expected to wait until a thirds attempts by its reason may to get parliament's backing for her proposals. rescue workers in mozambique are struggling to reach victims of cycle in it i hear the fifteen thousand people are stranded at least four hundred have died since the storm struck mozambique zimbabwe and malawi and new zealand's prime minister has introduced sweeping gun controls after last week's mosque attacks that killed fifty people just in the arden says there will be an immediate ban on military style semiautomatic weapons and those are the headlines the street is that here in
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al-jazeera. she was the spokeswoman for the students who took over the u.s. embassy in tehran in one thousand nine hundred seventy nine forty years on she's still a firm believer in the principle she fought for assume a iranian vice president for women and family affairs talks to al-jazeera. illustrate and i'm one hundred seventeen and from a legal all our psychedelics the new wonder drugs that only ask our guests about the benefits of hallucinogenics and twenty's you can never comment. on the story. what people want to. understand better be on the way we are they didn't like the break.
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even based. in recent years researchers have been studying the potential benefits of micro dosing psychedelic drugs such as l.s.d. and m.d.m.a. or so known as ecstasy as treatments for p.t.s.d. schizophrenia and depression associated with cancer treatments last year the u.s. food and drug administration approved the use of an ingredient found in magic mushrooms for drug trial and treating depression opponents say the research on psychedelics is too new and limited to be reliable. well joining us to discuss all this in new york dr will see you he's a psychiatrist trained in m.d.m.a. assisted psychotherapy and provides ketamine facilitated psychotherapy as part of his private practice in brooklyn new york journalist well not new york journalist in brooklyn new york eyes its list and author nicholas powers his book the ground below zero details his own personal experiences with psychedelics and in davis
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california davis olsen he's an assistant professor of chemistry biochemistry and molecular medicine at the university of california davis and in santa cruz california barrios are close in ski she's the director of research development and regulatory affairs at the multidisciplinary association for psychedelic studies or maps lots of acronyms lots of words there but very welcome to all of you good to have you here everybody asked if you have a psychedelic feel to it but. i did. take recreational drugs you have taken to the synthetics pick one of your choice and can you describe the experience of that does it feel like this also my house. well that's a huge compliment. so yes taking. drugs that i will choose. the experience of taking it is. feeling your thoughts in your ego dissolves
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in feeling emotionally open to the people around you and also to the sensory input around you soup in front of a speaker a party feel the vibrations of the soon seem to reach your bones and even into your soul you look at people's faces in you and those dive into the emotions like a swimmer going into a pool. and you are going through an emotionally hard time you can experience those emotions very vividly and possibly work through them and at the end of the trip feel like a much more integrated hurling compassionate person because you can through that so there's just you know one personal example and i'm sure there's you know many others that people could talk to well i ask the right questions about the experience of talking to whom synthetic what house to know would it be the same as in time well you know we use this term set and setting depending where
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a person is when they take something internally and where they are. physically outside of themselves you know so i think of you know psychedelics as they've been coming into the mainstream i've really been looking at the medical use of them right so it's a little different than saying you know are we focusing on the imagery and what we're seeing around us as opposed to if we're sitting in a therapist's office with an eye mask in music it's going to be a very different experience and i'm just i'm just curious when you talk about that i mean you know we've we've seen this before in history we have a comment from the mayor saying if i recall correctly research on psychedelics was once hip in the mid twentieth century then uncool and supposedly now moving back into the mainstream what's behind the fluctuation in popularity i mean here we are having this conversation but dr you just mentioned you know that it's now in the mainstream sort of what attribute that to i attribute that to us being really end up in a place and time especially in the western or. world where we are suffering tremendously
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personally from mental illness from depression from anxiety and we don't have solutions even though pharmacology meaning medications promised psychiatry in a way in the ninety's that this is going to be a revolution and that's been failing us and that and then i think that is reflected you know the unhealthy mental health state of the western world is reflected in our politics we're seeing things get more violent both nationally and abroad and i think because we're hungry for real solutions is why we really see psychedelics being as popular and getting as much attention as they are getting because we have not seen results in psychiatry that have shown anything near what psychedelics are helping people with that i should a little bit of light on yet that hasn't had a little bit of light on that actually so i think that hunger for a better world was present in the sixty's as well but really what changed was in one thousand nine hundred two there was a really critical meeting. where they agreed to treat psychedelics just like any
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other novel medicine that was being developed through clinical trials and they allowed these trials to happen through their pilot programs. and say i was the international viewers that's the food and drug administration in the united states right and just to be clear like the u.s. has a huge impact locally on the drummer and drive policies and you know had been enforcing that route or globally you know up until that trying to and so it only makes sense that the ability to do this research would have to come from the you asked and be allowed within the u.s. and in our it actually happens david you're the chemist in our conversation and really i'll see if you would help us out the lies what is happening in your brain so he sent us a couple of pictures about what's happened to her brain when taking a hallucinogenic picture number one always seems to see on skype and then you can
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tell us what is happening here and then what is happening here. sure so what you're looking at are tracings of neurons that were either treated with the controlled substance which is the h. and neurons treat it with the psychedelic compound known is and i'm not the tryptamine appreciate it d.m.t. and what our research group has found is that psychedelic compounds tend to promote the growth of neurons in a very important part of the brain called the prefrontal cortex the prefrontal cortex has a critical role in regulating fear and mood and reward so the more nuance. of the brain in the well being than feeling. so it's not actually the number of neurons the it's really the ability of these neurons to connect to each other and to communicate with other regions of the brain you know we have a lot of comments about this people talking about their personal experiences with
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some of these substances but also some questions for me barbara smith saying in the right setting with a non-intrusive guide for safety the psychedelic drugs are useful for anxiety depression p.t.s.d. in terminally ill patients and even those who are just stuck and you know nicholas when you spoke earlier you know you talked about dissolving the ego we hear barbara talk about being stuck a lot of people who've battled mental illness who are writing us talk about this this idea of being stuck is it true as horace's is suggesting that shrooms has the potential of permanently altering one's brain chemistry and is that why you get unstuck if you will. i can i just a question of being stuck more than the chemistry question but just to give you one example from my life. the most powerful psychedelic experience that i had was in two thousand and two and it was the year after nine eleven so i was in new york
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had i was going to new york i came back in a month later the towers fell so then i went to an art has the will and my body was very traumatized the anger the fear even the guilt and the rage all of it was cleared up inside and when i went in to the festival i met someone also from new york who gave me some psychedelics and when i took them i felt all of that anger all of that rage all of that fear. getting unstuck from my body and flowing out and when i came back to the city i could feel how much more lose open i was compared to the other new yorkers who are still living in the in the shadow of the toads so that's just one experience out of many others but yeah so for me i do want to be like oh god sorry i'm going to say that what happened there is that you're not you're having the subjective experience of something is changing in your brain
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you've said that feeling of sadness is essentially are your neurons tend to signal a specific circuits certain regions of your friend communicate with other regions preferentially and so. it can lead to this feeling of being stuck or in a rut and with psychedelics you know it's also as described in michael pollan book it's almost like you have this powdery look to ski down and meet you have made for a few connections between your neurons and this is particularly why dr also didn't work out a whole because it is the first time we've seen direct evidence of this so data why do we know it is so i think. is that you know because when you ask the question about shroom do shrooms get you on stuck at what one thing that i try to emphasize to people whether it's my colleagues or patients is that you know it's not just the shrooms it's not just the substance people have been taking these alone and it's also not just the psychotherapy right psychotherapy has also been around for a long time it's a psychedelic assisted psychotherapy or m.d.m.a.
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assisted so that they're both things combined that are really being helpful to people because you know i think it's an important thing and it's a it's an approach of combining a medicine during psychotherapy that is new and novel to psychiatry and i want to say what i want to know is what do we know. of the sutton that happens to the brain and in terms of connect those two things david i know you in your lap and working on this tell us about one of the research and studies that. give weight to psychedelics helping also all maybe one to place on that. so you know i wish i could tell you that we know exactly how these substances were but we simply do not we need a lot more research i can tell you about i think one of the prevailing hypotheses in the field and if you look at the structure of the brain for people who are depressed or have a related to a psychiatric disease you see this atrophy of neurons in the prefrontal cortex now
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pretty much every antidepressant that we know of tends to regrow these neurons they just do it on a time scale that correlates with their efficacy in the clinic so slow acting antidepressants and the regrow neurons more slowly something like ketamine rapidly grows these connections and what we found lately is that classic certain urgent psychedelics like l.s.d. or die mental tryptamine more produced a very similar effect of ketamine and this is the normal just kind of tell me that it discusses that is a medication that. is put into anesthesiologists it kind of dampen your feelings was it was a better description of part of the. problem sorry i couldn't hear that give us a layman's a description of terrible. ketamine is a is a dissociative anaesthetic it's used in that mary medicine in and in people as well not come but recently you and your mindset is that is that too heavy handed some say it's a tranquilizer so it says you could use that but that term low doses which
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is what is typically used for depression the f.d.a. actually just recently approved as a treatment. but i'm serious for a trigger is this depression and you know a lot of people writing us funny or talking about trauma we've talked about that you go we've talked about trauma we've talked about depression p.t.s.d. but i'm curious horace is saying personally even though i haven't tried any before that i would love to i feel psychedelics have the potential of deepening our understanding of human consciousness now i know we haven't said that we understand exactly what these substances do and why there are trials but is that ring true with you based on what yet we have a lot of exploratory gate and that we collapse in addition to just you know the level of severity of. p.t.s.d. or trauma symptoms and these definitely support what he's saying and that people feel more compassion they go through and experience of an altered
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or not ordinary state of consciousness during the act the psychedelic it suffers but then afterwards they're able to take away a you know new meaning in their own lives and this is particularly where you know we're talking about the psychotherapy you're not really supporting and promoting this and. so the psychotherapy actually helps to reinforce what's learned and makes it durable mordor and long lasting and we have data going out for most studies at twelve months later and one study we have a data going out an average of three and a half years later where people. literally report being you know feeling very similarly to how they get at the end of this that he said that durable improvement with only you know between one and three exposures to a drug it's all is really powerful and it's the only reason it's able to do that is
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because of the psychotherapy paradigm which activates learning and memory based mechanisms in the brain and this is what's shown to be required for the neuro plasticity that dr also has been showing in animals and it is you know petri dish experiments. so i want to i say something and i want to show people how this actually was necessarily setting because they may be having all sorts of images about. this in south beach so this is the organization that down this part of the most display a sensation the psychedelic studies. have suggested different like little do season it builds up over time but in this kind of setting delta well i know you've tried. to and how does it help. you know so i had that was what i wanted to share is yes i mean i. both a medical doctor and i have a ph d. in basic you know in a laboratory science and at the same time i spent four and
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a half years doing psychotherapy three to four times a week to try to really help myself i mean was tremendously valuable but around that time i actually got a chance to use m.d.m.a. in a therapeutic setting legally with math and there was a piece of loneliness that had sat with me since age of like nine from childhood physical trauma that i was finally able to work through you know in the not just during the the m.d.m.a. experience i think the m.d.m.a. experience allows us to access old memories old emotions and that's when we talk about it altering consciousness or giving access to not non ordinary states of consciousness but it was really in the weeks after it continued psychotherapy that i was able to really come to peace at that and for the first time you know that was at the age of thirty seven from nine to thirty seven i had felt loneliness almost every single day of my life to the point of suicide sometimes and within a month of taking m.d.m.a. in that setting i was free from the neck and say two years later i don't suffer from that anymore if i can interject i mean you're talking about loneliness and
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some of these emotions obviously that anyone feels and can relate to you there when they're depressed or when the ego takes too much control of decision making that's a least that's my personal experience but we also have another grad student who could relate to what you said dr and what you laid out there are named erica avi take a listen to her experience. i couldn't sing help me become more comfortable just be in the world and getting out into the world and appreciating life again and as someone who deals with depression and mood swings that's a pretty radical change but for the my closing actually i can spend days and i are . friends not even. and that doesn't happen the more. i think my going to sing help me become more aware of my thoughts my feelings my body my surroundings and i'm better to carry myself i don't think the drug itself cured me of my depression along and i don't think any drug could but i can get help
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me implement all the daily little things i can do to stay balanced. what comes to mind i mean does that resonate with you because elizabeth rainey is asking flat out you know we have a lot of people commenting on this topic on you tube saying can psychedelics be the alternative to some of those traditional medicines we all know prozac value and other into depressants. so the difference between you know psychedelics and something like prozac is that you can take prozac home with you and put it in your medicine cabinet the issue as i could tell it is that they're stuck to one compounds and they're currently illegal and so due to the the perceptual changes when you take a hose in a gent they also publish or be administered under the care of a doctor and so i think that they offer an incredible potential. as as a therapeutic in the clinic. but i think that we need a lot more research before we get to that point. and to that in terms of safety
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because it's not really a requirement that they have to be given by a doctor i mean i can speak to some of the side effects that we've observed in our data and it's things like you know and some anxiousness depressive symptoms these are things that people already have when they come to the studies it's just that in some cases they may be slightly exacerbated and the other side you know potential side effects that we see are like dizziness some not. muscle type as and so these are not safety concerns at the level that would require you know ongoing direct oversight by a doctor it's really the psychotherapy that's really needed and so we need quality i thank you therapist like dr dr shu and you know i have been really trained in how to deliver this knowing that knowing what they know about the medicine itself and using that as a tool to enhance the psychotherapy is so yes i agree with you they're not going to
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be taken medicines because the psychotherapy is really what is making that and i'm having lasting endurable you can still. drive it is common on that has to pay it off i agree that psychotherapy could definitely enhance the effects but you know some of our results suggest that even without psychotherapy. you know in rodent models these compounds have beneficial effects on their own and you know are common like m.d.m.a. that doesn't produce broad bosco's nations like a comp such as oh it's the it's going to have a very different safety kind of profile but if you're producing really drastic changes in perception usually while you're under that experience you should be in a supportive setting to help you overcome anything and so that the fact that you have to be in a doctor's office with this is as an additional cost to it. as opposed to something
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that you could take on but in your head in the ads adds to the cost of the treatment but i also think that with this you know increase in narrow plasticity what we're really seeing as i am and by are meant that context dependent facts as well so this is why i think we see pretty marked differences between use and recreational settings where people might be not sleeping their problem staying up on i you know overheating. all these things actually you know activate similar commies and that can be safety concerns but if it's and in a controlled setting like you're saying i'm a doctor also and then i think the rhythm risks are really manageable ah that's why all of us will miss running out of time as i want to save a survey this is a it's a headline that comes from a study in the last few weeks a new era of psychology. psychedelic drug trial could change how we treat mental
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illness again it's a very small study but i'm wondering delta well is there are other places around the world relieve them making progress in terms of psychedelic drugs and lose a little therapy. you're saying just yeah i mean barrack it probably speaks more to that in terms of i mean there i know there are active studies in europe and australia. so i thought i'd let barrett take care of that question sheets you know that yeah actually we are we are actively pursuing approval it with after seeing and israel and canada and seven different countries in europe including the u.k. which may want not longer be here anymore after one. and turns into another topic vera. and we're also supporting studies in the man's eye it's a start. you should have a sympathy. sabera course and when you bring up those countries i
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mean many people think of jamaica as the land where cannabis and marijuana is legal in fact it is illegal but what is legal in jamaica is some of these psychedelics like magic mushrooms so it's contains that ingredient we've been discussing let's listen to eric and what's going on in treasure beach in jamaica but who's a. host of these seals on chronicles pocket and founder and c.e.o. of michael meditations a legal citizen retreat center in treasuries jamaica in the last three years we've worked with her clients suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder currently mings i.v. treatment resistant person or facing their own mortality and nearly every single case we're seeing massive improvements in the quality of the individual's life clearly so sudden mushrooms are a powerful medicine. and example of an experience that you've had in and explain to us how psychedelic what you he was talking to our audience
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and in the conversation what would you say the benefits from. second dollars to help put the different parts of one's psyche together they can also actually hold. a family together oftentimes families are driven apart by a secret or shame. or experiment they don't tell the elders in their family there's maybe a breed of getting older and their mortality but they're not telling the people who are younger in their family and i think that psychedelics when talked about more openly even within families can actually create more unity more level more support and i think that could change the culture not just in a family but on the neighborhood in a nation will help us talk about psychedelics will openly read the magazine delta will there's no actually because i'm at the end of the show not is that we are very hard to talk to well actually thank you very much nicholas i tell of it and that
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was absolutely just encompassing i was right there was a will to see you on. the walk and everybody. oldest taker's working here seven days a week that's grown with the community my father purchased a black ambulance started to do the london and we sort of stopped being pounded into which i became. the stories we don't often hear told by the people who the us is such a level. east and undertakers this is europe on al-jazeera. eternity
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. so could have us military occupation. my prison my freedom my heartbeat my life by languages my occupation since thought of reason and there's a little old school and a host of novel can have to move. to roost and there are rock and a hard to please coming soon. fourteen. of change and discovering. love is not for me. to forge an identity but i knew which is peace me i'm confused. in nineteen nineteen million south africa revisits the children of about seven years on as they grow and develop with their country. fourteen south africa part one on al-jazeera. and monday put it on. u.s. and british companies have announced the biggest discovery of natural gas in west
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africa but what to do with these untapped natural resources is already a source of heated debate nothing much has changed they still spend most of their days looking forward to full dry river beds like this one five years on the syrians still feel battered or even those who managed to escape their country have been truly unable to escape the war. this is al-jazeera. hello this is the news hour live from our headquarters in doha i'm fully back to bowl coming up in the next sixty minutes try judy on the tigris river a ferry capsizes in. rockey city of mosul killing at least fifty five people. britain's prime minister theresa may meets e.u.
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leaders in brussels to request a d.n.a. to the u. case exit from the european union also this hour a daring rescue in mozambique where more than two hundred people have died and thousands have been stranded since cyclonic daya struck a week ago plus i think it's a stick on the right direction. and almost a week after a gunman killed fifty people at two mosques in new zealand the government brings in tough new gun laws. thank you for joining as we begin this news hour with breaking news out of iraq where at least fifty five people have died after a ferry capsized in the northern city of mosul around two hundred people were on board the vessel on the tigris river they were celebrating the persian new year holiday of novels rescuers have forced dozens of survivors from the water let's get the latest from al-jazeera is not go name in baghdad for us natasha what more are
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we learning about the second stances of the sox's. foly the ministry of interior is saying that it appears that the cause of this ferry accident may have been because it was operating at a beyond capacity beyond the recommended maximum capacity this with a national holiday it was a day that many people hope to spend at a theme park and yet it has turned into a day of misery for dozens of iraqis who have seen their fair share of that people or recall that mosul factored in pretty greatly during the battle to defeat eisel much of the city was devastated this happened at a theme park in the northern city there is a ferry along the banks of the tigris and about two hundred people we understand were on board that ferry at about four o'clock it capsized that we have seen videos
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on social media that are very distressing you can hear the sounds of people screaming you see a few people jumping into the water in an attempt to rescue people you see handful of others swimming furiously against what is clearly a very swift current along the tigris recently it rains so the level of the river is even higher than normal you can also see what appears to be the ferry completely upside down the numbers will likely continue to evolve as the night goes on but from what we have right now the ministry of interior is saying sixty five people have died most of them are women and children there is a rescue operation underway and so far thirty people have been rescued and the pictures are pretty dramatic the ones we're looking at right now natasha do these accidents happen often i mean there seems to be an issue here with overloading what is a safety record of ferries use of public transportation in iraq. well i have spoken
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to our two very seasoned producers here in the baghdad bureau and as far as this country is concerned they're saying that this is unprecedented they cannot recall a time when there was a ferry accident of this magnitude again we are talking about up to two hundred people expected to be on board that ferry of the ministry of interior spokesman with the ministry of interior has offered condolences so that more details are forthcoming and that the government will be doing its best to get to the bottom of exactly what happened bear in mind that people in mosul are already living in such difficult circumstances we were there are several weeks ago the western portion of mosul so much of it is devastated people living in the rubble people living with no services and scraping by in terms of food and water relying on charity so again this is truly an additional tragedy for people who have already suffered so much
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name in baghdad thank you very much for that update we'll check in with you again later for this breaking news story out of iraq. not to brussels where british prime minister to recently is meeting european leaders in a last ditch attempt to organize an orderly breaks it may want to see the u.k.'s departure from the european union pushed back by three months as things stand right now the u.k. scheduled to leave the e.u. next week on march twenty ninth some e.u. leaders have been saying they will consider an extension of article fifty if the u.k. parliament approves mase withdrawal agreement that deal has already been rejected twice by m.p.'s so the prime minister is facing an uphill battle to try and push it through for a third time next week it is today is a master of regret to me but issues extension would give parliament the time to make a final choice that delivers on the results of the referendum at least peace and not forget that we're here is leaders of twenty eight. countries discussing the
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global challenges that we face and i've always said that all they were leaving the european union of course we will continue to have shared interests notably among those are shared security and prosperity so the u.k. will continue to be involved in discussions at these this summit those discussions are expected to cover issues like china ukraine this information and we'll continue to want to work with the you on issues of shared interest when we leave well we have two reporters following this story for us. is in brussels john hall in london outside the houses of parliament we start with you lawrence in brussels the europeans now seem to have the cards to hold the cards what's the mood in brussels is a mood for compromise. well i think i think it's pretty much though not definitely but pretty much a foregone conclusion though that the european union will agree to grant the u.k. a delay the ground was laid for they said the e.u.
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ambassadors meeting last night there were some differences of opinion but they eventually compromise around a position that said that they weren't prepared to give theresa may the delay that she wants until the end of june because that would expose a really confusing situation with the european elections at the end of may but they would grant her an extension until the third week of may just before the european elections but only on the grounds that she wins the votes on her deal in parliament next week and then as the e.u. leaders arrives there just a softening before they started meeting almost every single one of them basically exactly the same arguments yes a short delay but it has to be contingent on the winning and the most significance comments came from the french president emmanuel macron the french remember had been signaling before this that they might veto a delay because they're just too fed up with the british not being able to make their minds up a stand up and said that the french were now minded to go for delay but he warns
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that if to resume a couldn't win a deal next week then no deal a crash out for the u.k. was staring everybody in the face. just to december more c.d.'s now haha if there is to be an extension you can only be a technical one we cannot has a long lasting situation where there is no visibility no and no political maturity the mess be a deep political change for there to be anything else other than a technical extension. so lawrence what happens if a third vote on may rejected again in the british parliament what do the europeans do that well another thing. yeah and i think frankly fairly that's that this is actually the cut the the the more important conversation of the now be having ones that agree to this short delay to resume a is addressing them right now explaining why she wants to lay and the question of balance to ask her is what are you going to do if you lose they're expecting now i
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think that she will lose the votes which we think is now going excuse day not least because she made such a pigs ear last night of her address to the british people but if she does lose then does she have another plan for the moments that their concern is that she doesn't tell anybody holder and cabinet until the british parliament she won't tell them if she loses the votes will just say fine that's it we're leaving with no deal because that will keep the conservative party together in the u.k. or will she say ok parliament it's over so you just got to step back to resign and you need to decide now what happens and it's contingent on that that they would then have to make a decision that their emergency summit next thursday as to whether they grant the u.k. longer extension make no mistake they will try every last thing every last one of the lock up to stop the u.k. leaving without a deal but they need to know what's going on inside to reason maze and at the moment they don't thank you for that farce in brussels let's cross over now to john hall who's outside the british parliament in westminster she's under
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a lot of pressure. and london and i asked one of their what happens if. time in the british parliament. well i can add to lawrence's comments that we simply don't know what is in to reserve may's head and that is the big and golden question because as lauren said he's not looking good for her deal next week whatever the mood of irritation breaks it should t. good frustration she may face among e.u. leaders in brussels you can hardly be worse than the mood towards her here in westminster after that speech to the nation last night in which she said look it's not my fault it's parliament's fault of the state of. exit is what it is facing perhaps a delay to the process perhaps still no deal exit which many think will spell economic disaster here she said parliament had stood in the way of the will of the people she accused it of game playing infighting in overindulgence and that's
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provoked an absolutely furious response among m.p.'s here saying she's the one who has stood in the way of parliament being able to decide what it wants to support she is accused now of stoking the fires of populism of rage and resentment if there's not a day that passes when you don't hear somebody passing by here shouting traitor at the house of commons behind me and still others saying m.p.'s on twitter saying if it's m.p.'s support she needs to get this deal across the line it's a pretty peculiar tactic to employ to demonize them publicly like this it does feel right now as if the mood towards to reason may and consequently perhaps towards a deal has turned ever more negative in the last twelve hours. to bring back the same deal to the pond. she hasn't got another deal so yes it will be the same deal it will be couched in terms of whatever is decided by the e.u.
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tonight in terms of the delay that lawrence spelt out there making that delay contingent on a successful vote in the house of commons next week and that will be the thing that allows the vote to take place under. the speaker's objections of monday so yes it is of course the same deal there are no further changes no concessions on offer from the european union can enough m.p.'s be persuaded to abandon their objections to the deal in the face of the threat of a no deal hanging over them deeply questionable deeply questionable party doesn't mind no deal let's not forget that thank you for that journey home life in london thank you more head on this. chemical plant in china. today.


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