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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 10, 2017 3:00am-3:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: farewell to beijing — donald trump leaves china and heads to vietnam — for the opening of the apec summit. yemen faces the worst famine the world has seen in decades. that's the warning from the united nations. power play in zimbabwe — a leading contender to replace robert mugabe is sacked and forced to flee the country. thousands of british children under the age of fifteen are identified under the government's counter—terrorism programme. president trump is due to arrive in vietnam shortly for a summit meeting of the 21—member asia pacific economic cooperation group, which brings together the most powerful economises of the region every year to advance trading relations.
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—— economies. mr trump will have an opportunity to meet individual leaders from the region, and to outline his vision of the united states‘ future role in asia. the leaders of the united states and china are expected to outline competing visions of global trade when they address the asia pacific economic co—operation summit in vietnam in the coming hours. our reporter karisham vaswani is there and i put it to her that president trump's vision will be quite different from that of his predecessor at the last summit. you are correct to when president obama came to the asia—pacific region and various summits as well the big message from the previous administration was that there is a pivot to asia. he was engaged in the region. he had spent some time growing up in indonesia and asian leaders felt there was a rapport and chemistry within. donald trump is a
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direct contrast to that. the trans—pacific direct contrast to that. the tra ns—pacific partnership direct contrast to that. the trans—pacific partnership agreement that was the cornerstone of president obama's trade policy in the asia—pacific region is the thing that donald trump basically tore up when he came into office saying it was unfair to american workers and unfairto was unfair to american workers and unfair to the was unfair to american workers and unfairto the us was unfair to american workers and unfair to the us economy. when he gets into that room a little later on today to sit down and address the leaders of the 21 economies, it will bea leaders of the 21 economies, it will be a tough crowd. they want to know whether or not the us is still committed to the asia—pacific region, what his vision of america first actually means and whether it can work at a time when there is a competing interest in the neighbourhood in the form of china, thatis neighbourhood in the form of china, that is increasingly gaining economic influence and political influence. even in countries like vietnam, with whom they have historically tense relations, sitting on the edge of the south china sea here. a contested waterway between china and vietnam. and still
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appears that china is gaining some ground and you get a sense of that at some —— summits such as this. so all eyes on the big speech to be made later today. and just briefly, we know that president putin has flown in to be given the much discussed allegations of russian interference and links to the trump campaign, a meeting between vladimir putin and president trump would be a big deal. will it happen? still no official confirmation yet. yesterday there were indications from the kremlin that a meeting was on the cards. then we got details from the secretary of state that there is no official bilateral meeting. at the very most, something he called a pull aside. he also said they needed to evaluate whether the two leaders have anything substantial or significant to talk about the big many people would be very interested to listen in to any such meeting, if
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it does take place, precisely to the reasons you outlined. had no confirmation yet on whether a meeting between the two leaders will ta ke meeting between the two leaders will take place to united nations officials are warning that yemen faces famine on a scale take place to e the world has not seen in decades. they are talking of millions of victims, unless, they say, the saudi—led military coalition in yemen allows humanitarian aid deliveries to resume. the coalition closed all land, air and sea ports on monday, in response to a missile attack on riyadh by houthi rebels. the bbc‘s nawal al maghafi has reported frequently from yemen — she has the latest. a country struggling to survive. the war in yemen between houthi rebels and a coalition lead ——led by saudi arabia is now in its third year. over the course of the war, i have visited the country multiple times. each time, the people's desperation was evident, the humanitarian situation deteriorating rapidly. aid agencies have been struggling to save yemen
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from the threat of famine. and it seems there is another blow for the civilians caught in the middle of this war. on saturday, houthi rebels launched a missile to the heart of saudi arabia's capital, riyadh. the strike was intercepted, but it was a clear escalation in the conflict. allahu akbar! in retaliation, saudi arabia decided to close all of yemen's airports, sea ports, and land crossings, preventing critical humanitarian aid deliveries and commercial supplies from reaching country. so what impact will this blockade could have? yemen relies on imports for 80% of its food, fuel, and aid. its ports are a lifeline for the 7 million people who face a threat of famine. the un says that without the arrival of shipments, their food supplies will only last the next six weeks. yemen has already been ravaged by the worst cholera epidemic in decades, with over 9000 people infected since april. today, the red cross
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says its shipment of chlorine tablets, vital to fighting the spread of the disease, had been blocked. the united nations security council held a meeting on it yesterday. it will not be like the famine which cost 250,000 people their lives in somalia in 2011. it will be the largest famine the world has seen for many decades, with millions of victims. 0n the ground, civilians already endure the consequences of an armed conflict. and now with the border sealed, the people in yemen have no escape. nawal al—maghafi, bbc news. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. roy moore, current republican candidate for a senate seat in alabama, has denied allegations of sexual misconduct with a teenager, a 14—year—old girl, in 1979. he was 32 at the time. senate majority leader mitch mcconnell is among a number
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of republicans saying if the allegations are true, roy moore must step aside. the former speaker of the catalan parliament has been taken into custody in madrid. carme focadell was among six former catalan lawmakers who appeared in court — the others were released on bail. all are accused of sedition and rebellion against the state, over the catalan pa rliament‘s unilateral declaration of independence. the united states has imposed new sanctions against ten venezuelan officials it accuses of corruption, undermining democracy and censoring the press. the list includes president maduro's chief of staff and two ministers. all have had their american assets frozen and are banned from travelling to the us. in zimbabwe, tension is visibly rising over who will succeed robert mugabe as president — he is 93. one of the leading contenders, a former vice—president, has been sacked from the cabinet, publicly criticised, and forced to flee the country. now mr mugabe's wife grace looks much closer to becoming vice—president, and, eventually,
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succeeding her husband. from harare, our correspondent shingai nyoka. zimbabwe's president, robert mugabe, one of africa's last strongman. his wife, grace, looks on with pride as the harare airport undergoes a name change. the ruling zanu—pf party say it is long overdue. there are several more plans to immortalise the leader. from next year, there will be a public holiday, a robert mugabe day, to commemorate his birthday. and after that, a $1 billion us science university is planned. married for 20 years and a0 years hisjunior, his wife, grace, could cement those plans if she succeeds him. i think what is happening now is a regeneration of the party. in the past, we have been criticised as a party for being fossilised in the past, although we are living.
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but she's not popular with everyone. at last weekend's rally, she was booed by then vice—president emmerson mnangagwa's supporters. president robert mugabe sacked him this week. he was a long—time ally and the heir apparent. it has opened a way up for grace mugabe. the woman who started her career in the presidential typing pool is nowjust steps from becoming the female vice—president, and her latest speeches reveal her ambition. translation: people need to know i am capable, so give me thatjob and see. the party holds a special congress to appoint a vice—president in a few weeks. grace mugabe looks certain to take
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that role, and perhaps eventually become zimba bwe's first female president. but as history has shown, nothing is guaranteed. shingai nyoka, bbc news, harare. the huge leak of sensitive financial data known as the paradise papers has been making headlines all week. the bbc has uncovered evidence in the leak, of how multinational companies are able to shift their profits out of developing countries. the imf estimates it costs the developing world about 200 billion dollars a year. david grossman reports from namibia on how the government says it has had enough of watching its tax revenue disappear. a trawler is preparing to leave the bay. the crew make final phone calls before they sail out of range of the signal. the seas off namibia are some of the richest fishing grounds in the world in the industry is booming. this company is namibian
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island, registered and pays tax in the media. but many of its competitors do not. we have discovered for a huge kish of leaked documents that some multinational companies are harvesting namibia and other developing country's natural resources and then channelling the profits through secret offshore companies based in tax havens. it is a huge problem that is costing the developed world, some of the poorest people on the planet, wealth that should be those. much of the money is channelled through tax havens like moreish as. al investigation of the paradise papers, for an assignment on bbc world service, has discovered a good example. a namibian fishing company apparently managed from this building in moreish as. but when we looked, there was nothing except the officers of the law forum appleby. basing yourfishing officers of the law forum appleby. basing your fishing management company here means it can enjoy the
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ultralow tax rate of 3%. company here means it can enjoy the ultralow tax rate of 396. here we have the original text written between the media and mauritius... this is because of the problems. an agreement that allows companies to shift profit to mauritius. numidia, like most developing countries, has many such agreements but they have had enough. as far as we are concerned, there are loopholes we need to close. it was signed in 1995 and over time new development... people find ways of exploiting this? exactly. for regular citizens, patiently queueing to file their tax returns, there is no choice but to pgy- returns, there is no choice but to pay. but the finance minister told me that tax agreements mean that for many of the multinationals that operate here, paying tax has become a matter of choice. many of them are bad agreements. they should just be torn off and re— negotiated. because
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it is absolutely an cannonball that we continue you in any rate —— year in and yearout we continue you in any rate —— year in and year out to give wealth away and see a buildup in countries where the investors come from but whether resource comes from , the investors come from but whether resource comes from, there is perpetual poverty. a very small return from natural resources. thousands of namibian is now have jobs in the fruit —— fish plants. this one is namibian owned and registered and pays tax here. at the fa ct registered and pays tax here. at the fact that many fishing companies do not means that this town can only afford one third of the school places it needs. this year, fights broke out among parents are queueing to get a precious place for their child. the police came. put people and arrested them. as the sun goes down and the shift changes in the
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dishy bet that the fish factories. namibia is locked into a dilemma. in its foreign investment to make money from three sources. with the help of tax havens and an expensive lawyers, exposed to the paradise papers, multinationals too often spirit that money away. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: if music be the food of love — play on. we'll tell you about the performance in paris — where the chefs have all the best tunes. berliners from both east and west linked hands and danced around their liberated territory. with nobody to stop them, it was not long before the first attempts were made to destroy the structure itself. it is keeping the candidate's name in the public eye at all time that counts. success or failure counts not only on public display, but the local campaign headquarters and the heavy, routine work of their
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women volunteers. yasser arafat, who dominated the palestinian cause for so long, has died. the palestinean authority state of mourning has been declared for the leader who symbolised the hopes for independent statehood. in the wake of the colombian volcano disaster, rescue teams are trying to reach thousands of survivors who managed to clamber onto rooftops and trees above the sea of mud. after 17 years of discussions, the decision was greeted with an outburst ofjoy. women ministers, who had long felt only begrudgingly accepted amongst the ranks of clergy, suddenly felt welcomed. this is bbc news. the latest headlines. after wrapping up his visit to china, president trump is heading to vietnam for the apec summit, where he'lljoin 20 other world leaders. the united nations issues a dire warning for yemen that a saudi blockade there could create one of the worst famines in decades.
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saudi arabia has ordered its citizens to leave lebanon in response to the resignation of the lebanese prime minister. saad hariri quit at the weekend and is currently in the saudi kingdom, there's speculation the saudis forced the move. the french president emmanuel macron is in riyadh on an unscheduled visit. he held talks late thursday with saudi arabia's powerful crown prince. for more on this, i am joined by kamran bokhari, a senior analyst with the intelligence firm, geopolitical futures, formerly vice president of middle eastern affairs at stratfor. thank you for your time. saudi arabia already has one disaster on its doorstep in yemen. what is happening in lebanon?” its doorstep in yemen. what is happening in lebanon? i think the saudis are without options in their struggle with iran and have lost syria and iraq to iran. yemen is a
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fire burning in their backyard. relations are already bad. lebanon is the only place with options to you destabilise the government and put pressure on iran. that is what forced saad hariri to tender his resignation. if the saudis are trying to create problems for iran in lebanon, will that work? it could backfire. yes. it is a weak hand. at the end of the day, the proxy of iran, hezbollah, and allies, they are firmly in the saddle in beirut. this creates tremors. but i don't think the saudis have a clear pathway ahead of them in terms of forcing the iranian. it is getting global attention, which is why
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emmanuel macron is in riyadh trying to discuss the next steps and possibly mediate. but we all know there is a lot that can go wrong and right. runs as the stakeholder in lebanon. —— france. can he help? right. runs as the stakeholder in lebanon. -- france. can he help? he can play a role. it depends on what he tells the saudis. they are expecting him to a line tactically with their position. —— align. i feel the french leader understands the gravity of the situation in the region, as there is already sufficient instability in the region. he might invite his saudi cou nterpa rts region. he might invite his saudi counterparts to adopt a more moderate stance and not plunge another country into chaos. there
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has been a major anticorruption drive and power struggle within the saudi kingdom. does that factor in? yes. the saudis are fighting on multiple fronts foreign policy while they are fighting themselves. so, yes, there are pressures. if you are desperate at home, then, you know, you are looking for solutions on the outside as well. but the problem is that if you are not unified at home you cannot effectively counter external challenges, in this case, you run. thank you very much indeed. -- iran. more than 2,000 children under the age of 15 have been identified under the government's counter—terrorism programme, according to the latest figures. in all, in the 12 months to april last year, more than 7,500 people were identified, as being at risk of extremism, as our correspondent, sima kotecha, explains. five terror attacks in britain
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just this year alone. preventing any further attacks is a top priority for the government. that's why it has something called channel, a programme designed to stop people from being drawn into violent or extremist behaviour. salman, not his real name, was radicalised in prison. by the time he was released, just months ago, he was ready to go to syria to become a suicide bomber. his words have been voiced by an actor to protect his identity. i was told that i would get all my sins washed away. the only way to do it is to become a martyr and everything will be forgiven. and you will go to heaven. to me, it was the easy way out. just to kill myself and blow somebody up. if you believe in something, you will do anything. he's now changed his views, but he's the kind of person the government wants to help. today's figures show that over the last year, out of the nearly 8,000 people referred to the government's counterterrorism strategy, more than 300 went on to receive specialist support, including
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therapy and mentoring. four out of five were judged to have had their vulnerability to terrorism reduced, but one in six withdrew from the voluntary process, despite concerns about their ideology. a lot of youngsters are being radicalised as well, due to their vulnerability to drugs. thousands of children have been referred to the programme, and that's likely to be down to more pressure on teachers and doctors to identify vulnerable individuals. a charity partly funded by the home office reaches out to men outside mosques. we're hoping to attract people to come here and talk to us about vulnerabilities they might have. and that might be radicalisation, it might be homelessness, it might be in terms of drug dependency. and that's something that we're trying to reach out to them, so they can get help. channel hasn't been without its critics. there are some who argue that it targets particular communities and creates suspicion around them. there are also questions about how effective it really is, and how those who are put through the programme are later monitored. participation‘s also voluntary,
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raising serious concerns about what happens to those who refuse help. one of the big challenges is for people who already have really violent extreme views, but who might not be committing crime, how do we engage them? it's highly unlikely that someone in that state of mind is going to willingly engage with government programmes, because it goes against exactly what their ideologies may be. ministers are adamant it's working. it is stopping hundreds of people from actually resorting to violence, and has diverted them away, and it is showing that the wider community, teachers and professionals, are engaging in the policy and we are managing to help keep the country safe. the uk's threat level remains severe, which means the effectiveness of the government's strategy is crucial. sima kotecha, bbc news. actress, portia de rossi, has accused actor and producer, steven seagal, of sexual harassment. ms de rossi, who is married to us talk show host ellen degeneres, made the allegation in a tweet on wednesday night.
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several other women have accuse steven seagal of inappropriate behaviour. his manager told bbc news the actor had no comment. german prosecutors now believe a nurse who was convicted of murdering two of his patients. may have murdered as many as 100. niels hoegel is suspected of injecting patients with potentially lethal heart drugs, so he looked like a hero when he resuscitated them. let's head to paris now, and what's been described as the world's first food opera. in a special performance combining the gastronomic and musical arts, a group of chefs got to cook and perform at the same time. the food was then served to 200 diners who had won an on line contest. the bbc‘s tim allman explains. have a nice meal and take in a show. nothing unusual about that. but normally you wouldn't do it all at once. well, you do here. michelin starred chef, frederick anton, whipping up a three—course meal accompanied by a 20—piece orchestra.
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translation: there are sounds and we slice, we beat, we mix, we whisk, it corresponds with the music, and the music corresponds with the cooking. everything comes together. the specially composed music was arranged like a film score, a different tempo for whisking or frying or serving the food. it certainly looked like quite a performance, but how did it go down? translation: we came for good food with good music. it is something new but a good experience and enjoy it for now. it is absolutely enriching as an idea to be able to taste
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a dish with taste, the different colours, and music at the same time. it is wonderful. so, it seems to have been a resounding success. how does it go again? "if music be the food of love, play on." tim allman, bbc news. before we go, dramatic figures. you canjust before we go, dramatic figures. you can just see a tiny figure on this huge wave. that dot is an experienced surfer, andrew cotton, and this wiped out. he fell and broke his spine, but is recovering 0k. broke his spine, but is recovering ok. i went in a bid it and mistimed it, really. it is one of those things. —— bit deep. it could have
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been the best wave, but it was the worst. thank you for watching. hi there. our weather's turning a little bit colder, and if you're up over the mountains of scotland, it will be cold enough for a bit of snow later on today. the cold front is behind these weather fronts, loitering in the south of the country. the colder conditions there across scotland. there will be snow in the showers, above 300 metres elevation. it won't get down to low levels, it's just staying in the mountains. but a sign that the air‘s turned colder. across the south, we start with a cloudy note, and some patchy rain. nothing particularly heavy, mind you. behind the rain, which is the dregs of a weak weather front, most of us will start on a bright and sunny note. bright and sunny it may be, but there will also be showers affecting northern and western areas, driven in by some strong and blustery north—westerly winds that will add a certain windchill. through the rest of the day, those showers will continue to be driven in by those strong winds. but the early—morning cloud, clearing from southern england pretty quickly and then the sunshine comes out. temperatures will be a little down on what we had on thursday.
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a range of temperatures from about 12 degrees or so in the south to a cooler six or seven degrees. tonight on panorama. the offshore secrets of the rich and powerful out in the open. did you, sir, have tens of millions in an offshore trust that you secretly controlled, yes or no? is that yes or no? a huge leak of documents reveals the stories they wanted to keep hidden. some major political explosions. there is the senior trump official who does business with the russians. under the current system, it is easy to get dirty. don't go there, man. don't go there. questions at the heart of the national game. is he
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the real owner of everton? have you seena the real owner of everton? have you seen a psychiatrist? and we discover even the queen has offshore secrets. we expect higher standards of the queen then investing in tax havens overseas. it's an island paradise. sunshine and fun. welcome to bermuda. this is a beautiful island in the atlantic, but it's a lot more than just a few pretty beaches. this place attracts billions of dollars from all across the globe, from the super rich and big business. bermuda is a tax haven. it offers two things
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to the rich and powerful — 0% tax rates and secrecy. these places are selling secrets to facilities handling dirty money and a big part of the game is hiding it. but now that secrecy has been breached. appleby is a legal firm that sells offshore services. 7 million of the documents have been leaked. that's the head office. you have to be very careful at this stage of the investigation because appleby don't know that we have their data. we have been working on the documents for the past year. this march we were invited
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to a secret meeting in munich. we don't talk about what we are doing. the documents were leaked to the german newspaper seddeutsche zeitung. we don't talk to our friends or families or our colleagues. they are sharing the documents with the international consortium of investigative journalist. in the uk that's panorama and the guardian. the more journalists are looking at the information, the more stories that emerge. it's going to be very interesting to the public because this


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