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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  November 13, 2017 9:00pm-10:01pm GMT

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and maintaining europe's security. and the comprehensive new economic partnership we seek will underpin oui’ partnership we seek will underpin our shared commitment to open economies and free societies in the face of those who seek to undermine them. chief among those today, of course, is russia. in a recent speech, president putin said that whilst the interests of states do not always coincide, strategic games cannot be made at the expense of others. when a state fails to observe universal rules of conduct and pursues its interest at any cost, it will provoke resistance and disputes will become unpredictable and dangerous. i say to president putin — i agree, but it is russia's actions which threaten the international order on which we all depend. i want to be clear about the scale and nature of these actions. russia's illegal annexation of crimea was the first
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time since the second world war that one sovereign nation has forcibly taken territory from another in europe. since then, russia has fermented conflict in the donbass, repeatedly violated the national airspace of several european countries, and mounted a sustained campaign of cyber espionage and disruption. this has included meddling in elections and packing the danish ministry of defence and the danish ministry of defence and the bundestag, among many others. —— hacking. it is seeking to weaponised information, deploying its state—run media organisations to plant fake stories and photo shopped images in an attempt to sow discord in the west and undermine our institutions. soi west and undermine our institutions. so i have a very simple message for russia. we know what you are doing, and you will not succeed. because you underestimate the resilience of oui’ you underestimate the resilience of our democracies, the enduring attraction of free and open
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societies and the commitment of western nations to the alliances that bind us. the uk will do what is necessary to protect ourselves and work with our allies to do likewise. that is why we are driving reform of nato, so this vital ally is better able to deter and counter hostile russian activity. it is why we have stepped up our military and economic support to ukraine. it is why we are strengthening our cyber security and looking at how we tighten our financial regimes to ensure the profits of corruption cannot flow from russia into the uk. so we will ta ke from russia into the uk. so we will take the necessary actions to counter russian activity, but this is not where we want to be, and not the relationship with russia we want. we do not want to return to the cold war, or to be in a state of perpetual confrontation. so whilst we must beware, we also want to
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engage, which is why, in the coming months, the foreign secretary will be visiting moscow, for there is another way. many of us here love that post—soviet russia with hope, because we know that a strong and prosperous russia, which plays by the rules, would be in the interests of the united kingdom, europe and the world. as a permanent member of the world. as a permanent member of the un security council, russia has the un security council, russia has the reach and the responsibility to play a vital role in promoting international stability. russia can, andi international stability. russia can, and i hope one day will, choose this different path. but for as long as russia does not, we will act together to protect our interests and the international order on which they depend. but the international order on which we depend faces other threats, including the challenge of regions where it is the absence of strong states that allows instability and conflict to threaten
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the global order, and nowhere is this clearer than in the middle east. we see the spill—over effects of this instability in the challenge of this instability in the challenge of mass migration and humanitarian crises in countries like yemen, and we see and most starkly of all with the threat from daesh and islamist terrorism. britain is at the forefront of international efforts in the fight against this terrorism, from the battlefields in sarah and iraq, to tackling the ideologues who fuelled the hatred of islamist extremism, and we will defeat it. but the conflicts we see in the middle east are rooted in a complex mix of economic scum and demographics, history and sectarian tension. in the past, we have sought to remake countries or even entire regions at great cost to their people, and ultimately to our own willingness to intervene when necessary. of course, we must never
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be paralysed by the myth that armed intervention is doomed to fail, and the uk is not and will not be afraid to deploy its hard power where necessary. indeed, this is happening around the world as i speak, from oui’ around the world as i speak, from our world leading covert agencies to over 1000 troops deployed in iraq and afghanistan, to our royal air force operating in the skies over syria and iraq, and our royal navy patrolling the waters of the gulf. but as we look to the future, it is the strength and stability of our partners that will define the trajectory of the region, so if we are to achieve enduring stability in the middle east, we must make an offer which supports both the long—term security and prosperity of oui’ long—term security and prosperity of our key partners, and encourages them to be champions of the global order. as we are doing in countries from saudi arabia tojordan, we will provide support to help them defend and protect their borders and their
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cities from external aggression, from terrorists to iranian backed proxies. we will step up our effort together with our european and american allies to help them not just contain but solve conflicts in the region, from seeking political solutions in yemen and libya, to bolstering a united iraq and working towards a two state solution in the middle east peace process. as part of this, why we will stand firm in oui’ of this, why we will stand firm in our support for the iran nuclear deal, we are also determined to counter destabilising iranian actions in the region and their ballistic missile proliferation. working with the united states, france and germany, in particular. and drawing on the full capability of government and private sector, we make a long—term commitment to work with our partners as they seek to reform their own economies, from jordan, as it deals with the challenges of refugees from syria,
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and which i will be visiting again later this month, two countries across the gulf, undertaking social and economic transformation, for these reforms can provide far—reaching opportunities for the people of the region and the wider world. as pa rt people of the region and the wider world. as part of these efforts, we will champion steps towards greater rights and openness, insistent on the direction of travel, working with our partners in the region and recognising that each country must find its own path. and this credible and coherent offer of support and partnership is a matter of urgency. as we see with the events of the last few weeks, from lebanon to the gcc dispute, our partners see the threats they face as immediate and are straining for the means to tackle them. so it is in all of our interests to get this right, to bring long—term stability, long sought stability to the middle east. ensure these growing economies can play their full roles in the global
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system and enforce a rule is based international order. and at the same time as dealing with threats to the global order from time as dealing with threats to the global orderfrom state time as dealing with threats to the global order from state and regional stability, we must also step up to the challenge of ensuring that free markets and open economies deliver fairand markets and open economies deliver fair and equitable growth for all. asi fair and equitable growth for all. as i argued at this banquet last year, free market economies have delivered unprecedented levels of wealth and opportunity, but they are losing popular support because they are leaving far too many people behind. the answer cannot be to turn oui’ behind. the answer cannot be to turn our backs on the free market economy which, with the right rules and behaviour is, is the greatest agent of collective human progress ever created. for it is when countries make the transition from close, restrictive, centrally planned economies to open, free market policies that we see life expectancy
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rise and infant mortality fall, incomes rise and poverty for, access to education rise and illiteracy for. indeed, it is open free market economies which are the only sustainable meals of increasing the living standards of everyone in a country, so our challenge is to ensure that is exactly what they do. that is why, here in britain, we are building a modern industrial strategy that will help to bring the benefits of our trade to every part of our country. it is why we will act as a voice for free trade at the wto, and also continue our efforts, including, asi wto, and also continue our efforts, including, as i set out this year at the 620, including, as i set out this year at the g20, to reform the international trading system, to ensure that trade is not just free trading system, to ensure that trade is notjust free but trading system, to ensure that trade is not just free but fair, trading system, to ensure that trade is notjust free but fair, fair between countries and therefore the poorest countries. but as we all know, global economic growth is increasingly being driven by
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emerging economies and powerhouses in the east. and africa's population growth means its significance will also only increase in the decades ahead. so the west cannot write the rules of this century on its own. it is our partnership with the countries of asia and africa, in particular, that will define because the world takes. that is why i have asked the new international development secretary to build on the work of her predecessor, by making one of her first priority is a review of how the whole of government, together with the private sector, can best support african aspirations for trade and growth. it is why we will use our relationships with the commonwealth, and the summit here next year, to work with partners in africa, asia and beyond, in building consensus and beyond, in building consensus and taking practical steps towards a global economy that works for everyone. and it is why i am also clear that we will continue to increase our investment in asia. i
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am committed to maintaining the golden era of our relationship with china, notjust as a vital trading partner, but also as a fellow permanent member of the security council, whose decisions, together with ours, will shape the world around us. and i am committed to deepening our partnerships with countries across asia. while i believe that britain's global offer can have a hugely beneficial impact in ensuring that the region's potential is realised, that includes tackling problems in the region today, such as north korea, where we have played a leading role in securing sanctions in response to the regime's outrageous proliferation of nuclear weapons. and it includes stepping up our ever to respond to the desperate plight of rangers, brought so graphically to our screens today with heartbreaking images of young
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children emaciated and pleading for help. —— rohingyas. this is a major human and in crisis that looks like ethnic cleansing, and something for which the burmese authorities, and especially the military, must take full responsibility. the uk is already the largest donor in response to this crisis, and we will continue to play a leading role in bringing the international community together, working through the un and with regional partners, to do everything possible to stop this appalling and inhuman destruction of the rohingya people. and beyond the immediate challenges of today we must also invest now in longer term security partnerships in asia, such as those which i have launched with japan and india over the last year, and which we will look to develop further with countries across the region. lord mayor, as we look to the future, one of the biggest asset ofa the future, one of the biggest asset of a global britain will be our soft
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power, and crucially that includes british business. where open markets thrive, reddish companies prosper, and they take in their dna a way of doing business that brings not only commercial but the wider benefits of good governance, respect for the law, corporate and social responsibility. so as a global britain makes its offer to the world, we are also offering free certainty and confidence of the high standards use add, the framework of rules you follow, the values you live by, and the ethos and culture you create. you are the bearers of a certain idea of economic order upon which the last century of growth has been based — as i believe the next will be based. so you have a vital role to play, to honour the great tradition of your literary companies, by meeting that profound responsibility, notjust to do
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business but to advance the values, rules and standards on which good business and global security and prosperity depend. to champion the deepest trade links and open markets in europe, and support a new economic partnership with the eu that will be in all of our interests to ensure western strength. to seek out and drive growth and productivity at home, embodying british dynamism and expertise abroad, and giving proof to our family held faith in open markets, and fair competition as the best route to lasting stability, security and prosperity. and i am confident that you can do this. for while our partners around the world want our support as a global power, they want something else too. they want what you bring. they want expertise, they
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wa nt you bring. they want expertise, they want reliable partners for the long term, they want the legal services, the accountancy services and the finance in which this great city games and leads the world. because your engagement is the ultimate kitemark of confidence. —— this great city of london leads the world. so, lord mayor, these are challenging times, but i am confident that a global britain has the ability and indeed the responsibility to rise to the moment, to work together to secure the best possible brexit steel, a deal that is not just the best possible brexit steel, a deal that is notjust good for britain and the eu, but strengthens the liberal values we hold dear. —— the liberal values we hold dear. —— the best possible brexit deal. and to work together to adapt and defend the rules based order on which our security and prosperity depends, for this is fundamental to our success, to that of our partners, and that of
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the world. so let us step up to the task and let others do so together, with a confidence and conviction of a truly global britain. applause welcome to outside source, i'm kasia madera. you've just been listening to the british prime minister theresa may giving a speech at the lord mayor's banquet in the city of london. for viewers outside of the uk, that's an annual event where the prime minister of the day delivers a keynote address. 0n issues of policy, foreign policy, security, and she is speaking to some of the leading business figures in the united kingdom. let's get some analysis now from our chief political correspondent, vicki young, who's in central london. vicki, we had a lot covered, we did
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finally come to brexit, and i want to touch on that in a moment, but first of all a lot of geopolitical issues covered, russia, the middle east, we were taken all over the world, frankly. yeah, not a terribly long speech, but she covered an awful lot of ground, and i think probably the standout part of her speech was the criticism of russia, really, where she said that the international order, some were trying to undermine it, and that russia was one of those countries, and she talks about some of their actions over the past few years, talking about the illegal annexation of crimea, but also saying that they have meddled in elections, saying that they had hacked into the danish ministry of defence, and other things that they had done, and she said that that action could not be tolerated and she wanted to look towards a russia which would be more responsible, which would be on the same side as britain, but of course thatis same side as britain, but of course that is very interesting, given what
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is going on in america with the investigation there about what exactly their involvement was with the american elections, but she says they are trying to weaponised information, so some strong words of criticism towards president putin. but as you say, for the audience here particularly, drawn from the city of london, we are here in the centre of the financial area, that issue of brexit, even though it was not the main issue today, it is dominating their thoughts. she spoke about the uk being the voice for free trade, working together to get the best possible brexit deal, but no mention of what we heard from david davis earlier on. no, and that is all about how much influence mps in the house of commons can have on this whole process. the talks are ongoing, the negotiations are ongoing, the negotiations are ongoing, nobody knows but the british government hopes that we may move british government hopes that we may m ove o nto british government hopes that we may move onto the next stage in december, talking about a future trade deal, future arrangements, but
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david davis, the man in charge of negotiations as far as the british side is concerned, he told mps they would be able to have a vote, a binding vote on any kind of final deal. some are seeing this as a big compromises of the bill going through parliament, which could run into trouble, but there are some of the government's own side who think it is pretty meaningless if the choice they are given at the end is between any deal the government brings back and no deal at all. they wa nt to brings back and no deal at all. they want to be able to stop that scenario, but what david davis has promised is another bill, and other bit of legislation which mps will be able to talk about, debate, and even possibly change, if they have time, as we get to the point whether uk departs the eu at the end of march 2019. are gay, vicki, as always, thank you very much. you join us a little bit late, because as we were discussing, theresa may giving a speech at the lord mayor's banquet,
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the annual event. we are now going to move to the border area between iran and iraq. of course, that earthquake took place, and this is where search teams are working through the night, desperately trying to find survivors at that powerful earthquake that has killed more than 400 people and injured 7000. this shows the epicentre of the 7.3 magnitude earthquake. it struck near the town of darbandikhan. and this is the town of sarpol—e za hab, which was one of the worst affected. these pictures are from sarpol—e za hab. let's have a look at that. absolute devastation. it's understood two thirds of the casualties alone came from this town and surrounding areas. as you can see, there has been widespread damage. helicopters have been relied on heavily to deliver aid and transport victims.
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that is because the landscape is very difficult to reach, there are a lot of areas that are really difficult terrain, there have been landslides, blocked roads, damaged roads, so helicopters, some of the ways, the only way is that some of these people can be reached. now, if we show you some cctv footage that i hope to bring up for you, because this is actually phenomenal. this was of a dam, this is not water, but a dam where boulders were moving down and making, crashing some of the cars in the car park at the bottom of the dam. moments before, you could see people running away, absolute devastation, 400 people killed. my kolodziejczak goal has been telling me about some of the rescue efforts. —— my colleague gr
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the latest figures of 430 people killed, but it seems this is the number that has been recorded by the officials in major cities, but 1900 villages in that region have been affected, and the rescue teams have not been able to get too many of those villages. i receive videos from locals, they say, in our village, we lost 20 people, no—one came to our help. that is why the number will possibly rise tomorrow, because so far the entire effort has been put on the major cities inside iran. we saw the area around the border, this is pretty remote, it will be hard for rescue efforts, i know the iranian revolutionary guard is trying to help, but it is going to be hard to get there. it is the
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most impoverished region between iran and iraq, and it suffered heavily during the bloody war between iran and iraq, most of the infrastructure were destroyed, so they rebuilt it, and the only city in the town, where most of the casualties are coming from, that has been completely destroyed. i saw a video with numbers of dead bodies laid in front of the hospital but no emergency room to take care of those who are being affected. so this region, the situation is such that the infrastructure cannot cope, so the infrastructure cannot cope, so the has to pull together resources, military, revolutionary guard and other agencies from neighbouring provinces, to go there, three or four five hours away, provinces, to go there, three or fourfive hours away, that provinces, to go there, three or four five hours away, that is a matter of life for so many. i see
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old men with flashlights searching for his loved ones beneath the crushed buildings, that was the situation. so i think most those people, the weather is cold, they need food, hopefully the government can get them help, and for some of those villages, the only way to get there is by air. 7.3, very strong, some of your family members actually felt the earthquake. absolutely, pa rt felt the earthquake. absolutely, part of the family is almost an hour from there, but there is a lot of outcry in that region, they complain about the government, and some of the buildings which collapsed were just built under president ahmadinejad, part of subsidised building for poorer people, and not of those buildings have met the standards to resist earthquake, which is why so many people are
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angry, they say this kind of building, they are new, they should have resisted the earthquake, but if you just go across to iraqi kurdistan, we had six or seven casualties, not the numbers that we had in iran. the reason is that the building code in iraqi kurdistan is much better, the regulation is much better than iran. jiyar gol from bbc persian. rami ruhayem has arrived in one of the worst affected towns and filed this report. this is one of the hardest hit areas in iraq by the earthquake, we are told seven people were inside his home when it collapsed, two of them we re home when it collapsed, two of them were killed, and others were injured. several other buildings suffered a similar damage to this one, but fortunately they seem to be the exception, rather than the rule, and most of the other homes in the region managed to withstand the impact of the quake. rami ruhayem in iraq. lots more
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coming up here on 0utside source. it is the time of day when we look at interesting weather events around the world, stormy weather both sides of the atlantic with a deep area of low pressure moving into british columbia, washington and oregon, bringing further heavy rainfall, hills know, as well as strong, disruptive winds too. meanwhile, across central america, ongoing heavy rainfall, causing flash flooding in costa rica, panama, nicaragua, belize, and also through the caribbean, jamaica, cuba and the bahamas too. now the other side of the atlantic, where we also have heavy rain and hill snow pushing southwards, a lot of cloud associated with a really slow moving area of low pressure, here it is, lasting through tuesday into wednesday, bringing further heavy rain across parts of italy and particularly in across the balkans too with snow for the alps, the
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dolomites, and strong winds also a hazard too. the north—east coast of spain and southern france, strong northerly mistral winds gusting around 100 km/h, or even a bit more. heavy downpours of rain and thunderstorms through sardinia, sicily, across italy, and to the balkans too. so the weather associated with this storm system across central and south—east europe, very strong gusts of wind, heavy rain leading to flash flooding across some areas, but also an increased risk of avalanches too. meanwhile, across india, some very poorair meanwhile, across india, some very poor air quality in the north, slowly starting to improve over the next few days, also this club of cloud sitting in the bay of bengal, thatis cloud sitting in the bay of bengal, that is an area of low pressure, a tropical depression which are slowly moving northwards in the bay of bengal. it may well bring strong winds and heavy rain to coastal parts of andhra pradesh and up towards west bengal too. meanwhile,
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the outlook across the uk, then, fairly quiet, things telling milder, mostly cloudy over the next few days. for tuesday, a fairly weak weather front draped across central parts of the country, brighter skies towards the north, improves day across scotland and northern parts of northern ireland with a return to sunnier skies. across england and wales, rather cloudy, a bit of drizzle here and there, but some brightness to the east of high ground, and temperatures back in double figures, so a little bit milder than recent days. tuesday into wednesday, quite a murky night with low cloud, somebody patch is too, but i think most of us staying for three, although we could see a bit of frost developing under clear skies for the north of scotland. cloudy on wednesday, clearing towards the north, then sunny spells, temperatures up to 13 degrees, more details on the weather for the week ahead in half an hour. hello, this is 0utside source.
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search teams in iran are working overnight to find survivors of the powerful earthquake killing at least 400 people. bad news for the climate as new data suggests new carbon dioxide emissions have risen for the first time in four years, dashing hopes that they had reached a peak. president trumpeting it off with the controversial leader of the philippines and says that their relationship is great. we are going to talk about new data on global carbon dioxide emissions, coming out today. they suggest that for the first time in 2017, they
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have risen for the first time in four years which is a cause for concern. the greater use of coal in china is believed to be one reason. looking at the stats, this is what emissions have looked like over the last four years, quite level, stalling over the last three years. scientists had hoped they had reached their peak but that isn't going to happen this year. this is the lead author of the study behind the lead author of the study behind the findings. it is so urgent that the emissions decrease very rapidly, it's absolutely urgent. people don't realise that the emissions must disappear, essentially, for the warming to stop. there's only one way to do that and to develop the policies and actions and technology and use them so that our emissions decrease everywhere. that report was
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launched at a big un climate conference in berlin. it took place in the city of bonn, where 20,000 delegates and negotiators gathered. they are discussing how to implement the paris climate agreement. scientists say that the trend of rising emissions, if it continues, then the goals of the accord could slip out of reach. 0ur correspondent is in bonn for us. this year 's figures, provisional, indicating a rise of 2%. that's why it's does not sound like much but in the context of the world that is quite a bit and scientists are uncertain whether this represents major new step in growth or it is a one—off. i think they need a couple more years data to get anything definitive. do we know why this is happening? a lot blaming china and its growing economy. absolutely, the chinese economy. absolutely, the chinese economy has expanded, they've been
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using more energy and they've had a big shortage of rainfall, meaning river levels have gone down and the hydroelectric power wasn't as effective as in previous years. but other countries are involved, the eu and the us both saw emissions going down but not by as much as expected, due to the continued use of natural gas in some places, the use of coal in other places. those two factors, 0iland gas uk in other places. those two factors, oil and gas uk the same time, seem pretty consistent over the last number of years. scientists worry that as well as coal, oil and gas are being used and that isn't going to help the world gets to where it needs to go in terms of its emissions. there is concern that the trump administration was going to show april coal demonstration. anything like that? —— a pro—coal demonstration. there is a meeting of
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people who see fossil fuels as a solution to these problems, a couple of advisers to president trump were there as well as members of the us coal and nuclear industries. they had a meeting well attended by people who work here is to see what they would do. halfway through they we re they would do. halfway through they were interrupted by a couple of dozen, maybe 40 or 50 demonstrators who sang and sang and turned their backs on the cold promoters and eventually walked out —— coal promoters. it was pretty good natures and well steward it, there was no trouble. i think they made their point clearly. in venezuela, the country is in debt to the tune of billions of dollars. there were crisis talks between the
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government and lenders to discuss restructuring the debt. the socialist government held a brief meeting with foreign debt holders on monday. what does this mean for the country? what does this mean for the country? what does this mean for the country? what does it mean for the people? venezuela could default on $150 billion that it owes. $45 billion is owed to the oil companies. 0ne war figure, 63 billion, that is owed to private investors like goldman sachs. and 28 billion is owed to china. very mind that venezuela is subject to massive un sanctions and today the european union approved economic sanctions as well. here is the foreign chief speaking earlier.
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the work we are trying to do is to support the venezuelan economy. no measure, i would like to stress this, will harm the venezuelan population. 0ur measure is only to support the population of venezuela. the step has been decided today. it isa the step has been decided today. it is a first step. it can be reversed if political conditions allow us to have credible and meaningful negotiations. my my colleague katie watson joins us from sao paulo. just put that into contact, for people from venezuela, thatis contact, for people from venezuela, that is a huge impact, physical as well. some have lost weight as a result of the crisis? that's right,
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venezuelan's economy is in a diet is date. there are people who are missing meals, inflation, the imf said next year may reach 2300%. the oil economy of venezuela, it relies on oilfor 95% of oil economy of venezuela, it relies on oil for 95% of its foreign earnings and that has plummeted, not just because of the oil price but its production ability has fallen dramatically. the one source of revenue it has relied on, it can no longer generate the income it used to. that's obviously a big impact for venezuela and of course the sanctions, that's what the maduro prejean blames but analysts say you can't blame the sanctions, it is economic mismanagement that has caused problems —— the maduro regime blames. how do you start to restructuring a debt of $150
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billion? that 150 billion is an estimate of how much total external debt it owes, including credit line from the likes of russia and china but the talks today were for the bondholders, especially to come over and investors to talk about how they will go forward with repaying future debt. venezuela until now has paid the debt. the fear of default is a big one because venezuelan relies heavily on the outside world. if it defaulted on its bonds from its oil company, that means it would be shut out of the market and wouldn't receive its dollars and would mean it couldn't import things like food and medicine. that has been a problem but there has been so little information about what the bondholders are expecting. the people who are leading the talks, the vice president has sanctioned on him because of alleged drug
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trafficking. us bondholders have been concerned about coming to venezuela because they are concerned that if they negotiate with him it will contravene sanctions and they could be in trouble. that has been a big stumbling block and many people stayed away, sending representatives and even those people haven't all been able to come, even though the government say that 400 investors we re government say that 400 investors were turning up. 0thers government say that 400 investors were turning up. others say that is not the true figure. very cloudy, certainly the information from venezuelan. thank you forjoining us. you can get much more detail on that story and what's happening on our website. let's return to brexit now,
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and the government has confirmed that it will allow mps to vote on any final deal negotiated with brussels. here's the brexit secretary, david davis. ican i can now confirm that when we have reached agreement we will bring forward a specific piece of primary legislation to implement it. this confirms that the major policy set out in the withdrawal agreement will be directly in fermented by primary legislation, not secondary legislation, not secondary legislation in a withdrawal bill. it also means parliament will have time to debate, scrutinised and vote on the final agreement with respect to the final agreement with respect to the european union. the agreement will only hold if parliament approves. we expected to cover the contents approves. we expected to cover the co nte nts of approves. we expected to cover the contents of the withdrawal agreement, including issues on citizens‘ rights, any financial settle m e nt citizens‘ rights, any financial settlement and a detailed intimidation period between both sides. this is being seen as a big concession. here‘s the bbc‘s political
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editor, laura kuenssberg. but as the political editor of the new statesman points out: so no matter which way the vote goes, britain will still be leaving the european union. let‘s get some analysis now from our chief political correspondent, vicki young, who‘s in central london. is this a big deal, or isn‘t it? what‘s interesting is that the labour party immediately got up and said this was a huge concession from david davies, that it was a massive climb—down because he was
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potentially facing commons defeat in the next few weeks over the eu withdrawal bill. some conservatives on the remain side of the argument wa nt on the remain side of the argument want a slow and gradual brexit, some hobby don‘t want it at all. —— probably don‘t want it. they don‘t think it is a concession for that reason. they will have the chance to vote on whatever deal the government brings back from brussels. if they vote against it, then they get no deal and britain still leaves at the end of march, 2019. opinion you can safely say is split on this. the bbc understands there were some difficult meetings today between the senior party managers, the whips of the conservative party, speaking to those tory members who are looking for a gradual, softer kind of brexit. they are pretty unhappy about all of this. i suppose the point about david davies saying we‘re going to have a new bill and
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new legislation which you can all debate and scrutinise, pick over and vote on, what we don‘t know is what kind of environment we will be in in one year‘s time or even longer. things may have changed. by having this bill of legislation it in labels those people who are trying to fight a very clean, hard brexit, it may give them a vehicle to try and often it. that‘s why some people are seeing it as a concession —— soften soften it. it is something more predictable. politicians can scrutinise the bill but time is running out. when is this going to happen? yes, given that we aren't even into the second stage of the eu talks, the british government hoping that in december the eu are going to say they are ready to move on, there has been sufficient progress and we can has been sufficient progress and we ca n start has been sufficient progress and we can start talking about the future
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relationship. as you say, if the final date of leaving, which they wa nt to final date of leaving, which they want to put into law in the legislation, controversially, the end of march, 2019, which is article 50 and then, when we will leave, two yea rs 50 and then, when we will leave, two years beyond that. it means that already time is running out. some saying you must get it through the british parliament, through the european parliament. there are all sorts of snags. some have looked at negotiations in the eu over many decades and they say that only towards the end of the process, when minds are more focused, given that both sides say they are searching for a deal, some say that we need to be optimistic and that‘s what theresa may was saying in her speech at the guildhall, in the financial centre of london, saying that we must be optimistic, striving for the best deal, we want to be confident about the future. we have a place in the world, we will be outward
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looking. she says that britain should concentrate on the positive things rather than the negative. thank you forjoining us. last week, we covered the shock resignation of lebanon‘s prime minister and his departure to saudi arabia. now the eu has weighed in, urging saad hariri to return to lebanon, and warned saudi arabia against meddling in the country‘s affairs. the bloc‘s top diplomat, federica mogherini, said, "we expect no external interference in this national agenda." "we believe it is essential to avoid importing into lebanon regional conflicts." and we‘ve heard from mr hariri. in a live tv event, he vowed to return home in the coming days. translation: there's a security threat on my life, that‘sjust translation: there's a security threat on my life, that‘s just part of it. there‘s the protection of lebanon, i want to protect lebanon.
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i will go back to lebanon and i will be back really soon. i will follow because the custard usual process of resignation. —— constitutional process. mr hariri also denied he‘s being held captive in saudi arabia, an accusation made by iran and hezbollah. his unexpected resignation has meant we‘ve been hearing a lot about the regional rivalry between iran and saudi arabia. but why are the two countries at loggerheads, and what is the potential for real conflict between them? paul adams explains. let‘s say straight off, if iran and saudi arabia were to go to war, that would be catastrophic iran no one really thinks that‘s going to happen but they are definitely at loggerheads. facing off and even fighting by proxy all over the region. it‘s about a struggle for power that‘s been going on for nearly 40 years. saudi arabia, home
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to islam‘s two coleus sites, felt it was the undisputed leader of the muslim world —— holiest sites. in 1979 along came the ayatollah and the iranian revolution. he was welcomed by the biggest crowd in human history. suddenly, saudi arabia had a rival. today, teheran‘s influence extends across a broad area of the middle east, from iran in the east to lebanon in the west. saudi arabia feels threatened in its own backyard. and then of course there is religion, the countries representing the rival camps in islam. saudi arabia is sunni and iran is shia. inevitably there are religious overtones. in yemen there
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isa religious overtones. in yemen there is a civil war, saudi arabia is helping one side and iran, the other. in syria, iran supports president assad and has sent troops to fight for him. the saudis have funded and armed rebel groups. in iraq, since the fall of saddam hussein, iran has become very influential and saudi arabia has been trying to extend its influence there. and lebanon, a complicated country with a delicate power balance. for decades, tim faye has supported the shia militia. it is fighting in syria and has a presence in yemen and iraq. for saudi arabia this is too much. saudi arabia‘s crown prince, who pretty much runs the country, has been sounding increasingly tough on iran, accusing it of trying to dominate the muslim world. most people think that the crown prince ordered the recent
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resignation of the prime minister of lebanon. by minister harry reid made his shock announcement in saudi arabia. —— hariri. translation: his shock announcement in saudi arabia. —— hariri. translationzlj wa nt to arabia. —— hariri. translationzlj want to say to iran that they are losing in their attempt to influence the arab world. the fear is that saudi arabia is trying to force a confrontation with hezbollah, to wea ken confrontation with hezbollah, to weaken its authority and the influence of iran. if so this is dangerous and could open up a new front in the cold war between saudi arabia and iran. in a country, lebanon, that has already seen far too much conflict. day one of the asean summit has wrapped up in manila. the focus has been on the relationship between these two, donald trump and the philippines president, rodrigo duterte. the pair met on the sidelines of the summit. and it was all praise from the us president. we‘ve had a great relationship, this
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has been very successful. we‘ve had leaders with many —— meetings with many other leaders. this has been handled beautifully by the president of the philippines. i‘ve enjoyed being here. there appears to be a lack of clarity over whether the issue of human rights were discussed by the two leaders. the white house says they were, albeit briefly. but the philippines say mr trump never raised the issue. human—rights groups had wanted president trump to take a tough stance on president duterte‘s war on drugs. police say almost 4,000 people have been killed since this controversial tactic was launched in june last year. ties have been strained between the two countries after the former us president barack 0bama criticised mr duterte for his brutal anti—drug campaign. the bbc‘s howard johnson reports from manila. when they finished the meeting there
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was a brief exchange with the press but not much was discussed. the details were released slowly afterwards by the white house press office who were the first to say that human rights were briefly discussed. later the president of the philippines‘ spokesman said that president did hurt had been speaking about the war on drugs —— president did hurt —— duterte. briefly touched on, the issue of the war on drugs and human rights in the meeting. here‘ve also been violent demonstrations on the streets of manila against mr trump‘s visit. a group of protesters charged at riot police, who responded by using water cannon and sonic alarms to try and repel the crowd.
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and awkward moments are almost custom at these types of gatherings, and this one has been no different — take a look at this group handshake that took the us president a little while to master. and here‘s something you probably didn‘t expect, president duterte serenading a gala dinner at the order of mr trump. singing. isung, i sung, uninvited, isung, uninvited, they i sung, uninvited, they duet, isung, uninvited, they duet, on i sung, uninvited, they duet, on the orders of the commander—in—chief of the united states. yes, ordered to sing by president trump. a soldier has been shot and wounded as he escaped north korea. the soldier managed to get across this, the demilitarised zone.
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this is one of the most heavily protected areas in the world. so this is really surprising. it‘s fortified with thousands of mines and barbed wire, rows of surveillance cameras and electric fencing. the dmz is a strip of land 250km long and 4km wide that separates the two sides of the korean peninsula. the defector crossed here, at the village of panmunjom, actually where the truce to end the korean war was signed in 1953. if you want to find out more about what it takes to cross the demilitarised zone, then go to this article on our website. here‘s mark lowen. we know that a north korean soldier who was stationed at a guard post in thejoint who was stationed at a guard post in the joint security area and the
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so—called demilitarised zone, approached the south earlier today and was shot by a north korean —— north korean soldiers in the shoulder and elbow. he was taken to hospital and he has now regained consciousness. this is extremely rare for people to deflect across—the—board rare for people to deflect across—the—boa rd and indeed rare for people to deflect across—the—board and indeed in the joint security area. that is the collection of buildings where north and south korean soldiers eyeball each other and in effect it is the most tightly guarded part of the world‘s most heavily fortified border. very rare for soldiers to defect in that way. south korean media say that only three have defected across the joint security area since the end of the cold war, in1998, area since the end of the cold war, in 1998, 2007, and today. most of the 2000 defectors tend to go into china and try and seek asylum at the south korean embassy in beijing. it
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is rare for them to go across the dmz at all, let alone the joint security area. when the soldier recovers in hospital, he will be a prized possession for south korea, a rare insight into the heart of the north korean military, coming, as he is, from that extremely tightly guarded area where soldiers are chosen because of their immense loyalty to the north korean regime. a very rare desertion, especially because it is such a militarised zone. a lots more on the website but from us, thanks for watching. welcome. let‘s see if there‘s any warm weather this week. in the last couple of days, it‘s been on the cold side. very cold in the
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highlands of scotland, snow and a rare red squirrel there playing in it. a beautiful red sunset here in king‘s cross in london. in the next few days, a little bit milder. we aren‘t talking about any particularly high temperatures but you‘ll notice temperatures creeping up you‘ll notice temperatures creeping up by you‘ll notice temperatures creeping up by at least three or 4 degrees across up by at least three or 4 degrees a cross m ost up by at least three or 4 degrees across most of the uk. the reason is the jet stream which is pushing weather fronts in our direction, meaning cloud and rain. you can see this warmer air drifting off the atlantic, and cold air has been over us over atlantic, and cold air has been over us over the last few days, moving east. the process is underway. a lot of cloud, spots of in northern and western areas. it will be like it for everybody on tuesday. there is some fine whether, across scotland. it's some fine whether, across scotland. it‘s going to feel nippy. temperatures around 6 degrees, so
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it‘s not going to feel mild everywhere but by the time we get to the midlands and the south, temperatures will be into double figures during the afternoon. not sunny at all because there will be a lot of cloud, and some rain because of the weather front sitting on top of the weather front sitting on top of southern parts of the uk. that‘s tuesday. tuesday night looks like it will turn for the almost anywhere across the uk so there could be some problems with travel first thing on wednesday. let‘s look at the mist and fog. mostly across the southern pa rt and fog. mostly across the southern part of the uk but there may be some further north. a lot of low—grade cloud, mist and fog especially in the prone areas but there will be some sunshine around as well. temperatures could get up to 13 degrees if the sun comes through. a bit colder in the north. a bit of rain across the north of the country
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and on thursday we are expecting another weather fronts to come in. northern and western areas, the cold front moving through, some cloud and rain, the wind picking up. further south, the cloud could break and temperatures may get to the low teens. the weather front goes through by the time we get through the week. you can see temperatures dipping back to single figures for the northern two skirts of the country. when the weather fronts have gone at the weekend, high pressure will build. it will do one of two things. in the south western and central parts of the country it will be calm, so we may see mist and fog. north and east, quite a stiff wind. the thinking is that the high pressure which is going to be affecting many central and south—western areas on saturday will drift across the uk into sunday. we will be under the influence of the
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high pressure and the thinking is that it won‘t just high pressure and the thinking is that it won‘tjust be through the weekend but well into next week. so here is the summary, the high—pressure persists, fairly chilly and with that will come a risk of frost and fog. that‘s it from me. the government backs down and offers mps a chance to vote on the detail of the final brexit deal. it‘s a last—minute concession, ahead of a controversial brexit legislation debate, which returns to the commons tomorrow. parliament will be given time to debate, scrutinise and vote on the final agreement we strike with the european union. this agreement will only hold if parliament approves it. these questions have been pressing for months. this last—minute attempt to climb down brings them into very sharp focus. but the government‘s warning that a vote against the deal means the uk will leave with no agreement leaves some mps unimpressed. also tonight: a bbc investigation reveals a deal to allow so—called is fighters to escape the syrian city of raqqa. where are they now?
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it‘s here that they realised that they might live to fight another day.
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