tv Outside Source BBC News November 22, 2017 9:00pm-10:00pm GMT
hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. ratko mladic has been brought tojustice. he's been found guilty of genocide and war crimes during the bosnian war in the 1990s. we'll report from the hague. robert mugabe's successor has arrived back in zimbabwe. earlier emmerson mnangagwa addressed a cheering crowd. we'll see the dramatic moments when a north korean defector singh today we are witnessing the beginning of a new unfolding democracy. we'll see the dramatic moments when a north korean defector ran across the border. he survived despite being shot five times. we will bring you up to date on the budget in the uk. and we'll be live in buenos aires. the desperate search for argentina's missing sub goes on. it's been a week and oxygen supplies will be very low. former bosnian serb
commander radko mladic has been jailed for life. he was found guilty of genocide and crimes against humanity during the bosnian war of the 1990s. this was mr mladic during the war, when he was nicknamed the butcher of bosnia. in the town of srebrenica — in the east of bosnia and herzogovina — he oversaw the massacre of more than 7,000 bosniak men and boys. it was the worst atrocity in europe since the second world war. he was also found guilty of deliberate attacks on civilians in the country's capital of sarajevo. this decision was handed down in the dutch city of the hague, where the un had set up a criminal tribunal to investigate crimes committed during the bosnian war. this was radko mladic‘s reaction as the judge read out the verdict. translation: mr mladic, if you
continue like this... we have seen there's quite a few times during the trial. it's been common for him to interruptjudges in the un criminal tribunalfor the former yugoslavia. today he was eventually removed — and thejudge carried on. translation: the accused's acts were so translation: the accused's acts were so instrumental to the commission of the crimes that without them, the crimes would not have been committed as they were. in light of this, the chamber found that through his actions, the accused significantly contributed to achieving the common objective of permanently removing muslims and croats from serb claims territory in bosnia—herzegovina by committing to crimes of persecution, extermination, murder, deportation
and the inhumane act of forcible transfer. understandably this verdict was watched closely by the families of victims. this was the scene in sreberenica, where families gathered to hear the verdict. they had waited almost 25 years for justice. this was the reaction of one woman whose husband and sons were killed. translation: i didn't understand everything what the judge said. but he deserves much severe... much more severe punishment. it's notjust my two microsomes, whole families were destroyed. —— it is notjust might two sons. brothers and sisters. i found my sons and my husband, but many people didn't find theirs. it was just terrible. one of those who covered the bosnian warfor the bbc was our special correspondent alan little. i spoke to him earlier from the hague. i asked him how it was possible ratko mladic still believed he'd
done nothing wrong. given everything we have heard and given the verdict. i think it reveals the two ways in which the events of 1992 to 1995 are interpreted within the one state bosnia—herzegovina, there are two parallel realities in the country, and to some extent that is general mladic's achievement. he fought to divide serbs and non—serbs, his legacy in bosnia today is that very reality, that serbs live separately from non—serbs within the one state and they have a completely different account of what happened in the war in the early 1990s. they believe that general mladic, many, at any rate, believed he was necessary, that what he did was defend the serbian people against a repeat of the genocide of the second world war, and they suffered genocide perpetrated by nazi collaborators from croatia and bosnia.
but when you look at the victims who sat in the public gallery of the courtroom today, people who have lost loved ones to that project of ethnic cleansing by general mladic enforced so ruthlessly and you consider that they have waited 22 yea rs consider that they have waited 22 years since the end of the war, you see how important justice years since the end of the war, you see how importantjustice at last has been to them and the fight for justice or the last 22 years, you see very starkly these parallel truths that never converge. if the tribunal was aimed at promoting reconciliation between these two ways of seeing the war, it has not succeeded yet. cani has not succeeded yet. can i ask you about the process of international justice? can i ask you about the process of internationaljustice? it can i ask you about the process of international justice? it is can i ask you about the process of internationaljustice? it is often criticised and comes in many forms, is today evidence that it can withstand ordinary pressures? —— extraordinary pressures? most people here who have been at the heart of it would say it is the start of a long, long process. it was the first international court established since nuremberg after the second
world war. there have been others since then, a special court for rwanda, a special court for cambodia and so on, that this was the first. it is about to wind up, it will close its doors at the end of december. this was the last of more than 160 trials. now it is coming to the end of its mandate there will be much soul—searching about what succeeded and what did not. one of the questions to answer is why it took 22 years to bring one of the most notorious figures of the war to justice, why did people had to wait so justice, why did people had to wait so long and many have to not live long enough to see justice served. i think most people here who believe in the project and have devoted the last 20 or 25 years of their career to it would say it is just beginning and we need to build international support for it. it has its critics, the serbs in particular believe that was loaded against them from the very beginning, that the court chose
to prosecute many, many more serbs than croats or muslims. it has lots of charges to answer. we distil all the most important information from outside and inside the bbc on the biggest global stories are per day. we heard from allan little in the hague, this... nexit will turn to zimbabwe. yesterday robert mugabe resigned. today the former vice president he sacked, emmerson mnangagwa, is back in the country — and he's due to be sworn in as president. here are the latest pictures from harare. plenty of people turned out, many waited at the military airstrip to welcome him back from south africa. and mr mnangagwa addressed them. today we are witnessing the beginning of a new unfolding democracy. cheering thank you.
i wish also to thank the manner in which our defence forces and the leadership of the general... cheering have been able to manage this process very peacefully. the bbc‘s shingai nyoka was at the rally. this is what she recorded. zimbabwe's incoming president emmerson mnangagwa has made his first public appearance since he fled the country last week. now he left as a villain, he has come back as a hero to take over leadership of zimbabwe. there is an expectation he will be sworn in on friday as the interim president. thousands of people have gathered here to welcome him, most of them party supporters. there is a huge expectation on his shoulders right now. the economy is challenged and they expect he will
be able to fix that. most families survive on street vending, students who have graduated from university have not been able to find jobs. there is a huge expectation that he might be the change that zimbabwe needs. while many are greeting president in waiting, some have been paying tribute to robert mugabe. an editorial in the state—owned herald read, "fare thee well, comrade president." it called the former leader a hero. the former president of ghana said, "a sad ending for a liberation hero, a patriot and a great pan—africanist. i pray the dramatic events of november serve as a reboot for democracy and prosperity in #zim. history will remember comrade mugabe kindly". we will have to see about that. this is from one south african news website. it says "free at last" in the shadow of military boots. the point being that this whole
matter has escalated because of the intervention of the army. let's also remember that the man taking over as president works for many years with the man who hasjust president works for many years with the man who has just stopped president works for many years with the man who hasjust stopped being president. expectations are running high, as you'd expect. here are some people in harare on what they want to happen next. translation: we want elections so we can choose the president that we want. because right now things have been really bad here. if we vote then we can choose a leader that we have been waiting for. translation: so far we are really happy with what the army has done, but as we enter the next stage we want elections so we can choose a leader that we want as zimbabweans. i spoke to nancy kacungira from bbc africa. she has been guiding me through the story. she told me that zimbabweans do not want more of the same from emmerson mnangagwa. it looks like there is one clear message from zimbabwe and is, even
as emmerson mnangagwa returns. —— one clear message from zimbabweans. he received a rapturous welcome from his canopy of supporters, but lots of a very of the nation is sending him a very strong message. the herald newspaper which you mentioned earlier wrote a very strong warning to him that this is not the same zimbabwe, we don't just want another version at the to bea to be a new same event. it has to be a new chapter. they were very strong and sending that. one of the activists we spoke to who was very involved in the flag movement said he was surprised that mnangagwa was not soft in his speech. he said it is not about zanu—pf politics, we are tired of the internal bickering, we wa nt tired of the internal bickering, we want this to be about all zimbabweans. that was echoed by the newspaper which said that the symbol being used by the people in the street was the zimbabwe flag, not posters of people, not things that
represent tribes factions, this is about the whole of zimbabwe, that is what people want coming forward. when did he become president? friday is inauguration day. big event although key? we don't know, so maybe a sign they are keeping it low key. i think it'll be a celebration of so many other things that it has no choice but to be - big no choice but to be a pretty big event. i want to ask about the bizarre claim from mr mnangagwa that he was poisoned hurriedly simply tried to poisoned hurriedly simply tried to poison him a couple of months back? that was back in august and he had been at a rally with president mugabe and claimed he was poisoned with ice cream from grace mugabe's dairyfarm. with ice cream from grace mugabe's dairy farm. this is heavily refuted by the second vice presidents, who is now out of the country, he said that doctors had said to him it was food poisoning. mr mnangagwa maintained he had tried to be
poisoned. i guess we can't say one way or the other, but it confirms yet again that while this has escalated in the last couple of weeks there has been a huge political battle for months? there is still a lot of suspicion, he gave thatis is still a lot of suspicion, he gave that is one of the reasons he had to leave the country. he said after he was sacked he had heard there would be attempts on his life, which is why he left. we must remember there are still deep factions within zanu—pf. we are not sure how that will resolve itself, we still have a gi’oup will resolve itself, we still have a group that they call the g 40, the wing that was supporting grace mugabe. we are not sure what is happening with them. many people we re happening with them. many people were sacked or dismissed. it will zanu—pf going forward as the ruling party, it is a government of one party, it is a government of one party, winner takes all. will they bring in more opposition, embrace a unitary government? lots of international observers are looking
for that. it will be crucial because going forward with the economy especially many people are more likely to look kindly at a government that has some kind of coalition that is more inclusive, and a departure from the past. especially with zimbabwe looking at a debt of $9 billion for the last 20 yea rs. thanks to nancy, as always. in a few minutes we will speak to a colleague in buenos aires, because the search foran in buenos aires, because the search for an argentinian and submarine is going on. it has been missing in the south atlantic for a week. predictions for growth in the british economy have been lowered for the next ideas. in his budget the chancellor dropped the forecast for growth this year from 2% to 1.596. for growth this year from 2% to 1.5%. philip hammond unveiled a series of measures which he says that the uk on a secure footing. in this budget i have set out a vision for britain's future and a
plan for delivering it. by getting oui’ plan for delivering it. by getting our debt down, by supporting british families and businesses, by investing in the technologies and skills at the future, by creating the homes and infrastructure our country needs, we are at a turning point in our history, and we resolved to look forwards, not backwards. to build on the strengths of the british economy. to embrace change, not hide from it. to seize the opportunities ahead. and together to build a britain fit for the future. i commend this statement to the house. thanks for being with me. this is outside source live from the bbc newsroom. our lead story is... ratko mladic has been brought tojustice. he's been found guilty of genocide and war crimes during the bosnian war in the 1990s. some of the main stories from bbc
world service... a us navy plane carrying 11 crew and passengers has crashed into the ocean south—east of japan. eight people were rescued with three others missing, according to the us seventh fleet. it's thought the accident may have been caused by engine failure. america has called violence against rohingya muslims in myanmar ethnic cleansing. its secretary of state rex tillerson also said, "these abuses by some among the burmese military, security forces, and local vigila ntes have caused tremendous suffering." and he added that targeted sanctions could follow. let's speak to barbara plett usher, the bbc‘s state department correspondent. is this as strong as the americans have gone on this issue? definitely, the strongest condemnation they have undertaken so far. we heard these words from other areas, including the un, the
americans have been slow to use these terms. there is a process that these terms. there is a process that the state department whereby they had to go to analysis to determine if there is ethnic cleansing, that ta kes if there is ethnic cleansing, that takes time so that is a reason. they wa nted takes time so that is a reason. they wanted to have mr tillerson go to the region and form his own impressions before they issued this announcement. we were told by state department officials it was the attendance and planning characteristics of ethnic cleansing which decided them. they used words like organised and systematic, which implicates the military. mr tillerson included the military and security forces in the list of those responsible for what he called atrocities, also local vigila ntes. responsible for what he called atrocities, also local vigilanteslj was surprised to hear him use this language because just last week he met the de facto leader of myanmar, aung san suu kyi, who would characterise this differently?m aung san suu kyi, who would characterise this differently? it is a difficult balance for the americans because they have a number of things they want to achieve. they wa nt of things they want to achieve. they want sort —— strong support for aung
san suu kyi and the civilian government, they believe the transition to civilian rule is crucial of myanmar is to be able to deal with the long—term ethnic tensions at the root of this violence. at the same time they want to hold the military accountable for these horrendous atrocities but also note the military needs to work with the government of aung san suu kyi to deal with the crisis, mr tillerson said himself that was crucial. there are many different things to balance, they have come out with quite a strong statement for this administration which does not speak out that strongly on human rights with regards to what has happened in the amat. we will leave it there. thank you, barbara plett usher. i don't know if you have seen this footage of a north korean soldier who defected across the border to south korea, it has been watched thousands of times on the bbc news app. it happened last week but we saw the video today. we see this
vehicle travelling at speed along this road, initially no one would have known what was happening, but it is very clear from these pictures that after a little while all of these north korean soldiers realise what was happening. a colleague was trying to defect. he crashes into the leaves and starts running south towards the south korean side. those pursuing him start firing at him and he is hit five times. as you will see in the next video, he collapses in those leaves, badly injured. this has all happened in the demilitarised zone between the north and the south of the korean peninsula. in an area called the joint security area. that is significant because it is the only place where soldiers face each other and, crucially, there are no obstacles like barriers or bollards. here's a closer look at what happens, you see how close the sides. one marks where the car crash, two marks where the men were
running from as they pursued the vehicle. five here, that is why the north korean soldiers ran in order to try to shoot him, close to their is when the man collapsed. that is why this happens, i wanted to show you this in more detail. if we play the video on, these are the north koreans running after the defector, who was already out of shot. watch this man and this post, he is running out of north korean territory, he gets to this point where he is past the mast, this is the realisation that he has gone into south korean territory. as we roll that he gets to that point and thinks i really don't want to be here, he has crossed the military demarcation line, the ntl as it is called, he is definitely not supposed to be that so he very quickly retreats back to north korean territory. this is the un commenting on that pa rt this is the un commenting on that part of the story. the key findings of the special
investigation team are that the kph violated the agreement by firing weapons across and by actually crossing the line, temporarily. what this whole scene tells us is that every inch of territory matters in this part of the world. the defector collapsed on the south korean side of the border, because of that, this happened. you canjust about make out two south koreans crawling towards the stricken man. he was shot five times very, very seriously in the lungs and intestines and in fact he has only now recently regained consciousness. we are told by the doctors treating him that he is in good spirits despite this huge parasite being found inside his body. he made a joke about that. he also jokes about wanting to listen to south korean p0p- wanting to listen to south korean pop. he is in reasonably good spirits. here's more from the doctor treating him. translation: the
parasites have been dealt with as the medicines were transfused into the medicines were transfused into the body immediately after you started drinking water, but there is theissue started drinking water, but there is the issue of viruses, these will become chronic problems. as he stays in south korea he should get the necessary treatment from physicians and will get along fine. paul adams has been finding out as much as we can about this soldier. i went to the hospital where he is being treated and spoke to his doctor, who says he is making a pretty remarkable recovery considering he was shot so many times and some of his injuries were extremely grave. he underwent numerous extensive blood transfusions, he almost died in the hospital but we now know he is awake, ina hospital but we now know he is awake, in a room decorated by a south korean flag, the flag put there, we are told, to reassure him when he woke that he had indeed made it to freedom. apparently he is enjoying the south korean and american television. the doctor told
me that he is a driver, his name we only learned in full today. he is an army driver who has been in the army since the age of 17. seven long yea rs since the age of 17. seven long years in the north korean military, it seems, was more than enough. you can see that video on the bbc news app. uber‘s reputation has taken a pounding again. the ride—hailing app uber has revealed details of a huge cyber hack. it says the names, email addresses and mobile phone numbers of 57 million customers and drivers were stolen. this happened last year, and it is not the end of the story. the firm says it paid the hackers $100,000 to delete the data — which they got hold of in october last year. the firm's new boss dara khosrowshahi, who took over in august says, "none of this should have happened and i will not make excuses for it." so what was so wrong with what uber did? a technology analyst from accenture explains. first of all, it is wrong because it
is illegal to delete or destroy any evidence that would need to be turned over to the federal trade commission in the united states, so companies are legally required to disclose any time there is a breach. particularly in the united states we had to remember it is notjust us law but the laws of the 50 states. in california, for instance, the 7 million drivers data which has also been preached, in california that has to be encrypted. there is a special requirement just in has to be encrypted. there is a special requirementjust in that one state which would make it even more egregious to delete the data. they have to note, they have to let the authorities investigate it. we have seen california as an example, in new york the attorney general has opened an investigation and it will probably happen across the other states and at federal level, to say nothing that it was a global reach, 57 million people worldwide, the
information commissioner's office in the uk has opened an investigation. skype has been removed from apple and android app stores in china. it's all about the authorities stepping up the monitoring of communications. stephen mcdonell has the details. chinese officials have decided to try and prevent their citizens from accessing skype. this follows similar moves in recent times with whatsapp under other communications apps. what this is about is trying to rein in use of any communication platforms not fully controlled by the communist party. in the case of skyped the blocking occurs by pressuring companies into removing it from app stores, which applies to abdulkadir masharipov and services. —— which applies to apple and android services. i will see you in android services. i will see you in a couple of minutes. good evening. it's that time of day where we take
a look at what's happening in the weather elsewhere around the world, and i'd like to start in the usa. it's the eve of thanksgiving, and the weather hasn't been too disappointing for travellers, but we still have low—pressure towards the north and the east, friday evening, sorry, wednesday evening and overnight. then we've got low—pressure still rattling in off the pacific. so they'll bring with them some snow, and potentially some freezing rain as well for travellers. and that's certainly the case as we continue into thursday. the snow mostly over the hills, but remember it's been so wet here of late that we could see some flooding at lower levels. it's a little warmer and drier towards california and the four corners. colder for thanksgiving across much of north—eastern usa, certainly colder than it's been through the day today, but wetter for florida with an heavy and potentially century rain here. —— and potentially thundery rain. that will head to the bahamas and bermuda later this week. we've got some heavy showers around through rio and sao paulo. i mention this because we've had several days of rain around here, so it's a concern that we could see some local flooding as a result of one shower and thunderstorm after another. now, new zealand's fine and dry
under high pressure for the most part, but it's the start of the ashes test at brisbane, of course, on thursday, and there are some showers not too far away, so there may well be some interruptions here to play in the coming few days, thursday and friday. now, the north—east monsoon is really active at the moment, and i mention that because for vietnam we had a storm, of course, over the weekend, and this will enhance the risk of further flooding, with another several hundred millimetres of rain possible. and it's also going to be quite wet and wintry across japan. now, it's that cold air across japan, korea and china that's enhancing the monsoon. so temperatures are below average here, so for southern china we could see some snowfall across to myanmar. there's the rain across vietnam, and it looks particularly wet for the likes of singapore and malaysia. unusually wet. it is normally rainy at this time of year, but those rains will be enhanced. as they will, as i mentioned, for myanmar, possibly part of bangladesh, lots of showers to the andaman nicobar islands, but again across mainland india we will begin to season fog issues in the north and east.
—— begin to see some fog issues. warnings are out here. and temperatures are well below average across northern states of india now, too. further south, just the risk of a few showers, but obviously temperatures here and for the western gap still into the 30s. now, temperatures are falling away across the middle east, with the north—westerly wind coming in, lifting the dust. but we've also had some flash flooding because of the showers and thunderstorms. they are around again through the day on thursday. look to the north, though, a wintry flavour around the black sea resorts, hence the risk of some night time frosts across some parts of the middle east in the coming nights. and cold air is taking hold at the moment, we've had to really quite windy weather through the day wednesday into thursday across the north—west of europe, but it's quieter to the mediterranean after last week's storms and torrential rain. but the cold air, the arctic air is back and heading its way southwards as we go towards the weekend. darren has more on the impact in the uk. hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. ratko mladic has been brought tojustice. he's been found guilty of genocide and war crimes during the bosnian war in the 1990s. we'll report from the hague.
robert mugabe's successor has arrived back in zimbabwe. earlier emmerson mnangagwa addressed a cheering crowd. two—day we are witnessing the beginning of a new, unfolding democracy. we'll take a look at what the annual uk budget speech produced. it was an upbeat delivery set against backdrop of a slowing economy. and we'll be live in buenos aires. the desperate search for argentina's missing sub goes on — it's been a week — and oxygen supplies will be very low. welcome to outside source. here in the uk, the chancellor of the exchequer, philip hammond, has unveiled his latest budget.
all designed, he says, will put the uk on a secure footing for brexit and beyond. he's setting aside £3 billion — or $4 billion — for help to prepare for every possible outcome from the brexit talks. but he's had to measure his policies against downgraded growth projections. the independent body that analyses britain's public finances has downgraded its forecast for economic growth this year from 2% to 1.5%. the nhs will also receive an extra £2.8 billion — that's $3.7 billion. and stamp duty — which is a tax when you buy a house — has been abolished for first time buyers on homes up to £300,000 or $400,000. there's been positive and negative reaction. here's george eaton, political
editor of the new statesman, highlighting what he sees is a remarkable budget. the deficit not due to be eliminated until 2031, he says. growth below 2% in every forecast year for first time in modern history. annual pay not due to return to 2008 peak until 2025. our political editor, laura kuensberg, tweeted: no 10 sources say stamp duty policy polling v strongly, private polling suggests it's most popular measure in budget. here's laura kuenssberg. the priority for number ten and number 11, those powerful next—door neighbours... is this a make or break budget? ..was for today's events not to slip, to keep the budget tightly in their grasp.
for the chancellor to be the steady national bank manager, not to tear up the rules altogether. knowing his ownjob, as well as the government's fortunes, would be shaped by what he was about to say. a cheerier start than mr hammond's usual demeanour suggests. i report today on an economy that continues to grow, continues to create more jobs than ever before, and continues to confound those who seek to talk it down. in this budget, we express our resolve to look forward, not backward. yet, with brexit hanging over him, the risks of no deal with the rest of the eu are real and expensive. today, i am setting aside over the next two years another £3 billion, and i stand ready to allocate further sums if and when needed. he wasn't gambling with his ability to get through the speech.
remember hers? i did take the precaution of asking my right honourable friend to bring a packet of cough sweets, just in case. but he had to reflect the worry felt by many around the country, and confessed to the fact that the economy will be sluggish for longer, the country overall less wealthy for years. the first time there has been this kind of prediction since 1983. they revised down the outlook for productivity growth, business investment and gdp growth across the forecast period. what ministers want you to hear is their promise to spend billions more to get house—building going, and to make it cheaper to buy the first time. when we say we will revive the homeowning dream in britain, we mean it. we do not underestimate the scale of the challenge, but today, we have made a substantial downpayment. one of the few surprises, stamp duty will be scrapped for good for those buying for the first time,
on properties up to the value of £300,000. but it might only prompt around 3000 extra buyers, and it could push prices up. after tory concern joined other parties‘ opposition, the chancellor promised to smooth the sharp edges of universal credit. a sigh of relief from the chancellor, but obvious anger from the labour leader. not enough to change much, he claimed, and not enough for millions in need. economic growth has been revised down, productivity growth has been revised down, business investment revised down. people's wages and living standards revised down. what sort of strong economy is that? what sort of fit—for—the—future is that? they call this a budget fit for the future — the reality is, this is a government no longer fit for office. a squeeze which will hang over
companies and families around the country, a backdrop that the government at westminster will find hard to escape. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. let's go live to westminster. alex forsyth is with us. how have the politics of this played out? this was political difficult for philip hammond, but also financially difficult because there wasn't a lot of room for him to —— for manoeuvre. there were many in his party who we re there were many in his party who were wanting him to fall. at the end of this first day, it seems the chancellor has escaped relatively unscathed. talking to conservative backbench mps, they said they thought this was a solid budget.
it's not a glowing endorsement, but so far it seems there wasn't any huge mistakes for the chancellor. what about stamp duty? is this the tories trying to target younger voters who they have been struggling with? the party knows they have a problem because labour underjeremy corbyn did very well with younger voters at the general election. there has been lots of chat to address the what they call intergenerational fairness. address the what they call intergenerationalfairness. the trouble is, it's difficult to do that without alienating the tories‘ traditional voting group, older voters. there was the cut in stamp duty, so first—time buyers up to £300,000 of property do not have to pay it. there are concerns this will inflate prices, but certainly a message from the tories that they
understand they need to give something to younger voters. all these billions that will go to preparing different brexit outcomes. what does that money gets spent on? we don't yet know. there were lots of questions to the treasury team about that. this was a signal by the chancellor to those critics who say he was not enthusiastic enough about brexit. he says the uk's resolve must not be tested on that front. that will please a lot of people on the conservative backbenchers who wa nted the conservative backbenchers who wanted to see some planning from the chancellor. how the money is spent remains to be seen. in terms of that downgrade of growth, no one seems to be able to agree on exactly why that has happened. the chancellor was clear that was down to productivity. the uk has struggled with productivity for some time. it is that economic backdrop that makes
thing particularly tricky for the chancellor, because the ruling of the governing conservative party have been committed to austerity for some time. the chancellor didn't walk away from that entirely today, but he did loosen the purse strings slightly. that economic picture remains very difficult in the broader sense. thanks, alex. don't forget you can get much more detail on all our stories — including our top story. on the budget, you will get details of everything philip hammond said, and also extensive analysis from our tea m and also extensive analysis from our team at westminster. the search for an argentine submarine goes on. it's been been missing in the south atlantic for a week with 44 people on board. this is the ara sanjuan submarine in 2014. the search operation is being co—ordinated from a naval base in mar del plata in argentina. here's what they know so far.
the submarine was en route from ushuaia, in the south of argentina, to the coastal city of mar del plata. an electrical problem had been reported by the crew — and the sub was already heading back to base. but it disappeared — more than 450km off the coast. boats and planes from argentina, the us, the uk, chile and brazil have joined the search — but they've been hampered by storms and high winds. one of the other issues is that submarines are built to be difficult to find because they often participate in surveillance operations. now on monday, noises were picked up by two search vessels — it got a huge amount of attention — but they weren't connected. all of which has deepened the concern of the crew's relatives. some of them have been speaking.
translation: i want him with me. i'm here because i want him back. deep down, i know he's going to return, but i'm also aware of the fact that time is passing, and for them, time is crucial. i'm suffering about decisions that were made. why so much bureaucracy? i want to know if bureaucracy is going to return him to me, or bring the 44 crew members back? translation: if they knew from the beginning what was happening and they didn't have the means to look for it under water, why didn't they look for it from above the water? bbc mundo's veronica smink is in buenos aires, she says people there are still hopeful those on board will be found alive. the question is they have defined the submarine with the crew alive.
there have been international studies that showed that if a submarine has been submerged the whole time, there is an estimate that oxygen will last between seven and nine days. we are currently on 7.5 days since the last communication with the submarine, so eve ryo ne communication with the submarine, so everyone is very concerned. they will be able to estimate where this submarine is. how much of that area have they been able to search? they started searching a smaller area, but now they are saying that the submarine, if it is lost at sea, it could be an area of 300,000 square kilometres. that is an area the size of the province of bonus fairies. it does sound a bit of a needle in a haystack. for the relatives, this is a desperate time. for those researching, the pressure must be incredible. absolutely. we are
talking about over 50 planes and ships working together from 12 different countries. this is an international effort unprecedented in argentine history. everything seems to be being done, but still it cannot find the vessel. people here are desperate. i have spoken to people who still have hope. there is a saying here in spanish in argentina, the last thing you lose is hope. some people will be amazed that a modern submarine can go missing, that it doesn't have the means to communicate where it is. absolutely, and this has been spoken about from the start. one of the concerns is that there are nine different ways a submarine can alert if there is a problem. one of the big questions is, why didn't the submarine use any of these alerts? it isa
submarine use any of these alerts? it is a big mystery, but people are very, very surprised that a submarine that was recently repaired, between 2008 and 2015, so no one is suggested that it was a very old vessel. this is a very big mystery. if support crews do manage to locate the submarine, here's what would happen. a search boat will send an underwater robot to establish the precise location on the sea bed. then, once the submarine is located, a submarine rescue chamber will be deployed from the search vessel. the rescue chamber will attach to the top of the submarine, which will allow crew members to evacuate. saad hariri has changed his mind. two and a half weeks ago, he announced he was resigning as lebanese prime minister — and he did so in saudi arabia. but here he is, returning to beirut earlier today. he says that his resignation is being postponed. it's not been a simplyjourney home. he spent two weeks in saudi arabia
before going to france this weekend to meet president macron. next he went to see president sisi in cairo, before a final stop in cyprus yesterday evening. then — just before midnight local time — his plane touched down in beirut. and he agreed to the lebanese president's request that he suspends his resignation while talks continue. well, the bbc‘s martin patience was among the crowd as the prime minister came home. saad hariri is the man they have all been waiting for. crowds have gathered here outside the official residence of the prime minister, and there is a real sense of promise
that their man, their prime minister, has finally returned and has delayed his decision to resign. that will be seen as a blow to saudi arabia. there is a sense that today, lebanon cannot be pushed around. the reality is this is a crisis beyond the country's control, and a solution will be found among saudi arabia, iran and the international community. expect backroom dealings over the coming days. people here arejust happy over the coming days. people here are just happy to see their man back. lebanese politics can be gripping, passionate, unpredictable, and also complicated. let's turn to some help on this to sebastian usher. the bigger context is that
saad hariri was in saudi arabia when he made his resignation speech, and the sense in lebanon was that he was doing the saudis‘ reading. he looks much happier and relaxed now he is backin much happier and relaxed now he is back in lebanon. he is trying to create a lebanese political scene which, whether it is directly at the saudis‘ orders or whether it is what mr hariri wants, or whether it is more what they want lebanon to be, which is less influenced by hezbollah, we have seen a power play across the region by the saudis. concerns about mr hariri's situation where spreading like wildfire, and president macron stepped in to try to resolve it. lebanon has always been on the verge of tipping into some kind of this since the abyss it
was in during the civil war. step back from this. the crisis has been calmed, but this regional battle between the saudis and iran is not dying down, and lebanon, although it may not be a proxy battlefield, as some feared, will be a proxy in the negotiations that mr hariri does. he will try to get a stronger bargaining hand with hezbollah and its allies in lebanon, so that hezbollah will agree, the hope is, to withdraw from the battlefield in yemen, syria and so one. why is it that resigning, going to another country and coming back a few days later when you have changed your mind strengthens your hand in your dealings with a group like hezbollah? it strengthens his hand for now. tomorrow might be different. today he has come back he
wrote to his supporters. he seemed to thrive on that. he looked quite happy as a political leader, for the first time. he has united lebanon by accident by his resignation. the fears about his fate as well. at the moment there is unity, so there is momentum behind him to try and press for a political situation where he and his block will be able to have more influence over what happens. that is what the saudis were most concerned about. he has that, but that could change. there is a big question over whether he will stay as prime minister or finally give his resignation if these talks going nowhere, and then lebanon will be back to where it was last year when it didn't have a president or a proper prime minister. this show of unity will be like a mirage. mr
hariri will not continue with the kind of stature he has achieved with his return to lebanon today. for the moment, he has a boost, but this could change quickly. in the philippines, eight people have been rescued after a us navy plane crashed into the water. three others are unaccounted for. the plane went down 90 kilometres south—east of okinawa injapan. down 90 kilometres south—east of okinawa in japan. the down 90 kilometres south—east of okinawa injapan. the plane was a c 2 see carrier. it is old, but they are reliable. the last accident was in 1973. the flight was on a routine mission from japan to the uss ronald reagan. initial reports suggested engine failure, and we had
confirmation of that from the japanese defence minister. translation: we have received information from the us that engine trouble may have been the caused. there have been a number of serious problems for the us navy this year. ten personnel died in august when the ussjohn ten personnel died in august when the uss john mccain ten personnel died in august when the ussjohn mccain collided with a tanker close to singapore. after that, the uss fitzgerald smashed into a cargo ship, killing seven people. there were other nonfatal incidents as well. in may, a boat collided with a south korean fishing vessel. there is a huge amount of pressure on the us navy, and there will be a full investigation into what happened here. the cricketers of england and australia will begin their battle for the ashes in just a few hours' time. england are the holders of the little urn, but australia
start the five match series as favourites. andy swiss reports from the gabba in brisbane. for now they both have their hands on the ashes. steve smith and joe root, but which captain's grip will prove the stronger? england's preparations have been overshadowed by memories of a thrashing on their last trip here and by the absence of their star player ben stokes. but for all that there is a quiet confidence. i'm sure there will be a few nerves flying around underneath the surface. but as a whole there's a really calm atmosphere in the dressing room. i think that's a really good place for us to be as a side. but brisbane is a picture of australian bullishness. their familiar weapon, pace. mitchell starc testing the speed gun before he tests england's courage. and if australia need any extra confidence, well, they only have to look around them.
this is the gabba, nicknamed "the gabbatoir" because australia haven't lost a test match here for nearly 30 years. and without their talisman, even england's optimists are worried. ben stokes is the best cricketer in the world full—stop at the moment. i think with him in the side undoubtedly they'd be favourites, even away from home. but i think it's opened up a lot. it's a shame ben's not here. i personally think he should be. i think the aussies will be delighted that he's not in the team. the travelling fans, though, remain hopeful. england's barmy army winning the pre—ashes supporters‘ match. predictions are predictably split. you look at the line—ups, and you think we are stronger. i just can't see us losing. joe root will go all right, but then... you don't think
they will wind? - the england fans they will wind? no. the england fans won their match, and early ashes victory, but as every supporter knows, it's now down to serious business. andy swiss, bbc news, brisbane. if you want to follow the ashes, you can do so via the bbc sport app. thank you for watching this edition of outside source. we will be back tomorrow with all the biggest global stories. in the longer term it looks like the weather pattern will settle down, but it may well be quite a cold theme. wednesday a day of extremes.
look at this picture sent in by a weather watcher at ambleside. the result of about 100 millimetres of rain falling result of about 100 millimetres of rainfalling in result of about 100 millimetres of rain falling in the hills. waters of a different kind elsewhere. it is cold air causing problems across northern scotland, with some snow. wintry showers continue in scotland, more in northern ireland, and a few in northern england. most of the showers across the northern half of the uk, where it is going to be cold. largely dry with some sunshine in southern parts. a little rain comes in across southern parts of england overnight. doesn't amount to much for many, though showers continue in the north. overnight, some clearer skies, anywhere from the midlands and wales northwards
could have some frost. not as windy by friday. some sunshine around, and wintry showers again, particularly in scotland and northern ireland. some rain showers around in wales and southern england. it is colder air that is arriving once again for the weekend. that's a pattern we have seen over a few weeks. quite chilly this weekend, especially where the winds pick up. the isobars on the chart here, shows the wind coming in from the north or the north—west on saturday. so stronger winds across the uk blowing in. showers are more likely across the north and west of the uk. likely to have a mix of rain, sleet and snow. some sunshine around. sunshine for central and eastern areas for a while on sunday. still another cold
day for many of us on sunday, and a bit chilly in the evening as well. winds start to pick up again. things are moving very quickly. this rain could be quite heavy, and will be accompanied by some very gusty winds, driving that rain eastwards across the uk. showers and colder air returning into scotland, northern england and northern ireland. after that rain that moves through quickly, we are back to something from the north or north—west, so sunshine and flowers. those sunshine could be of a wintry flavour. next week, shaped by an area of high pressure. in that sort of position. it looks like we are going to have more of a north or
north—westerly wind, which means it will be cold. there will be some sunshine around as well, but still some wintry showers as well, but depending on how strong it is overnight, we could have a frost around, which could be widespread as well. the chancellor says it's a budget to make britain fit for the future, but there's a sharp fall in the forecast for economic growth, for the years ahead. he delivered a sobering assessment of the economy, as the uk tackles brexit, and weak productivity. we are at a turning point in our history. and we resolve to look forwards not backwards, to build on the strengths of the british economy, to embrace change, not hide from it, to seize the opportunities ahead of us, and together to build a britain fit for the future. he announced that stamp duty for all first—time