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tv   The Briefing  BBC News  December 1, 2017 5:00am-5:31am GMT

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this is the briefing. i'm david eades. our top story: pope francis, who is holding mass in bangladesh, has thanked the country for its humanitarian response to muslim refugees fleeing myanmar. a breakthrough moment for the oceans. naval vessels from new zealand begin patrolling the ross sea in antarctica, the largest area ever to be granted special protection. prince harry and his new fiancee meghan markle are to take part in theirfirst official engagements together. in business, a vital boost for growth, or a ruinous handout to big business and the rich? president trump edges towards the biggest shake—up of us taxes in three decades. will it clear the final hurdle, or go the way of his failed healthca re reform 7 i'll be speaking to professor alan auerbach from berkeley university. a warm welcome to the programme, briefing you on all you need to know
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in global news, business and sport. donald trump has switched on the christmas tree lights at the white house. yes, it is december the 1st, and you can be part of the conversation. so do you think it's too soon to be talking about christmas? tell us what you think. just use the hashtag bbc—the—briefing. the pope is leading an open air mass for tens of thousands of people in the bangladeshi capital, dhaka. he first went over to myanmar. we
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have a live scene coming up in a moment from suhrawardy udyan park. people had been queuing for hours to get a glimpse of pope francis. there are a tiny number of roman catholics in bangladesh. they make up just 0.2% of the population, but significant numbers have turned out to see him. joining me now from dhaka is our correspondent yogita limaye. obviously an historic visit. it doesn't come very often the pope comes to this part of the world, but with so much political resonance to it. that's right. i'm just outside that park where the mass is taking place. there are tens of thousands of people. it's a very tiny minority of people. it's a very tiny minority of catholic here and many people have said they can't believe he has actually decided to make a trip to this country, even though it there
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arejust a small this country, even though it there are just a small number of catholics here. earlier he went around and people were putting their hands out, trying to touch him. he comes from myanmar. this visit has been overshadowed by the rohingya crisis. many are hoping he would make a stronger message about the rohingyas. yesterday he spoke... inaudible. he lauded bangladesh's effort to provide shelter and he says the international community needs to step up to sort the crisis. later today he does meet some of the rohingya refugees and we are told he is being brought to the reserve near the border with myanmar to meet. he will also meet the prime minister of bangladesh later today. you might see pictures paint a thousand words.
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how he receives those rohingya muslims, the way english —— the way in which that episode woes could define the whole trip? it certainly could. that's been the line of this trip ever since he came here. some we re trip ever since he came here. some were disappointed that he did make a stronger statement about myanmar, because he has spoken about it clearly in the past, but he chose not to do so in myanmar. he was advised by people that it could have an impact or repercussions for the christian minority in myanmar, but that's not the only issue. we should remember that here in bangladesh there is a small christian minority and last year we had a wave of killings, secular bloggers, and religious minorities, which included some christians. those have become a big issue for the christian minority in bangladesh as well. thanks very much indeed. the mass continues, as
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does the pope's visit to bangladesh. the argentine navy has abandoned efforts to rescue the crew of a submarine that disappeared two weeks ago with 44 people onboard. the search for the vessel will continue, but there's growing anger at how the affair has been handled. andy beatt reports. ships, submarines and aircraft from at least 18 countries have spent a fortnight sweeping the southern atla ntic off fortnight sweeping the southern atlantic off the argentine coast. the intensive round—the—clock search covered 40,000 square kilometres and involved 4000 people. but with no sign of the sanjuan, attempts to rescue the crew have been abandoned. translation: the ministry of defence and the argentine navy declares that as of 1620 on thursday the 30th of november, the search for the san
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juanis november, the search for the san juan is closed. the german built diesel powered vessel was on routine patrol when it last made contact. its crew reporting some kind of electrical breakdown. shortly after oui’ electrical breakdown. shortly after our sound was the —— detected below the waves near its last known position. the argentine navy said the noise or hydro acoustic anomaly was consistent with an explosion. news that the operation had switched from rescue the recovery hit relatives of the missing crew hard. alongside the grief there is anger at the navy‘s handling of the disappearance. some are questioning the submarine's age and condition and demanding that heads roll. argentina's president has ordered a full investigation, urging people to wait for the facts before seeking and a scapegoat. today naval vessels from new zealand begin patrolling what is the world's largest ever protected area of sea. it's the result of an agreement reached by countries including the us, russia and china to help
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preserve the natural ecosystem in antarctica. the ross sea lies off the southern edge of antarctica. this protected zone will also help scientists research the impact of climate change unimpeded in an area three times the size of spain. campaigners, including prince albert of monaco, argue that more areas need to be protected this way. but as i found out, there are growing concerns that, with today's political climate, that might not be achievable. inhospitable, wild and now protected. the ross sea is notjust a natural wonder, the political success a natural wonder, the political success story. the beneficiary of a 35 year deal to save it from human exploitation. what is allowed here in this alien world is scientific research. a study of the food chain and the impacts of climate change.
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in the depths of the sea, this is the chief predator. ugly by name, ugly the chief predator. ugly by name, by the chief predator. ugly by name, ugly by nature, the toothfish is a critical element in this dark and ugly world —— icy world. critical element in this dark and ugly world -- icy world. there's a huge amount about the environment of the ross sea that we understand —— don't understand, in particular threats due to fishing that we still don't have a good enough handle on the understand how to manage those threats very well. there is still some fishing allowed. on the plate that to the sea gets rebranded as the chilean sea bass but the quantity allowed is a small price to pgy- quantity allowed is a small price to pay. this is that the scientific lessons learnt here travel a long way. the calm of the mediterranean sea, here we are in monaco, is literally half a world away from the ross sea near the antarctic, but scientists will tell you that the polar regions are what they call the canaries in the coalmine. the way
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they are impacted by climate change will have an impact on the rest of the planet, to protecting the ecosystem is important, but studying how that area is affected by climate change is critical. it does prove that it change is critical. it does prove thatitis change is critical. it does prove that it is possible in international waters to protect a very large area that hopefully wouldn't have a significant impact. i use cared about the lack of action? —— are you. you are pushing for action and are making things happen but it's desperately slow and climate change seems to be happening in the polar regions especially far quicker than we ever envisaged. that alone should be the alarm signal that should resonate in all of us. preservation should be key here, to not only reduce our carbon foot print, but to
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be able to protect sensitive areas around the world, the terrestrial or marine. —— the day. around the world, the terrestrial or marine. -- the day. but today's political realities suggest future deals will be harder still to negotiate, leading scientists to believe that this area of the antarctic known as the last see does not become the last area afforded special protection. later in the briefing i'll be talking to peter haugan, who's the chair of the intergovernmental oceanographic commission of unesco. let's talk about our top business story. later today the us senate plans to vote on the biggest reform of the tax system in more than three decades. if last—minute disagreements can be overcome, it would be the first major mission accomplished for president trump. of course he's put cutting taxes and boosting the us economy at the centre of his election campaign. good to see you, alpesh patel. lets
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focus on this for the moment. are you convinced it will happen? we are still getting this moment tree anxieties. as an asset manager icac my lead off the stock market and given that the dow is up over 300 points and at a record high, global markets up for the 13th straight month, as far as the markets are down —— gambling it looks like it will pass. the one area that is of great concern is how much extra strain is put on in terms of deficit. it isn't going to make money. some estimates say it will be about $1 trillion added to the deficit. you've got to remember, this economy is about 17 or $18 trillion in deficit already. so it's a significant boost. you are
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basically costing yourself to get about and some estimates say maybe 0.8% growth in a number of years. very expensive for what you are getting! but at least it gives you a success getting! but at least it gives you a success story of types. politically massive, obviously. we will talk later in a programme. thanks for joining us. the white house has insisted that rex tillerson remains the us secretary of state, despite rumours that he was being replaced. media reports suggested president trump was considering appointing the current cia director, mike pompeo, in his place. laura bicker has the latest from washington. there have been a series of string of reports between the president and his secretary of state for a number of months now. first the president has undermined rex tillerson‘s foreign policy in tweets and then there were those reports that rex tillerson called the president a moron, something he failed to properly deny during a press
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conference. during a press call at the white house, the president didn't exactly quell rumours that he might be about to oust his secretary of state. the only comment he made was that rex was here, he said. however, there are a number of reports suggesting that rex tillerson could be replaced within a matter of. and when it comes to the state department, rex tillerson is not exactly popular. he has concentrated on budget cuts and a number of those have gone unfilled and there have been reports of low morale. so when it comes to his perhaps replacement, the rumour is it made the cia director mike pompeo, a much betterfit within the trump administration. he currently briefs donald trump daily. they share many puzzle —— policy values and he's also a hardline republican. as to whether or not rex tillerson
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will devolve, on that we are uncertain. we willjust have to wait and see whether this is another one of these unpredictable moments in this presidency. stay with us. also coming up, who is playing who in next year's foot or world cup finals? —— football. it's quite clear that the worst victims of this disaster are the poor people living in the slums which have sprung up around the factory. i am feeling so helpless, that the childrens are dying in front of me and i can't do anything. charles manson is the mystical leader of the hippy cult suspected of killing sharon tate and at least six other people in los angeles. at 11am this morning, just half a metre of rock separated
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britain from continental europe. it took the drills just a few moments to cut through the final obstacle. then philippe cozette, a minerfrom calais, was shaking hands with and exchanging flags with robert fagg, his opposite number from dover. you're watching the briefing. our headlines: pope francis, who is holding mass in bangladesh, has thanked the country for its humanitarian response to muslim refugees fleeing myanmar. naval vessels from new zealand begin patrolling the ross sea in antarctica, the largest area ever to be granted special protection. joining me from solstrand in norway is peter haugan, the chairman of the
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intergovernmental oceanographic commission of unesco. peter, thank you forjoining us. first of all, here we have the largest marine protected area as it's known, what is the true value of sealing off if you like these parts of the sea? well, you know, all the ocean is affected by climate change, and long—range transport of pollutants, then in addition we have the local effects of activities and if we take some areas like this area in the ross sea and restrict the local effects then we can actually learn how the long—range and climate effects really play out, and we can possibly learn something useful for other areas in addition to protecting this particular area. and it's a huge area, isn't it, 1.1 square kilometres, so patrolling
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that, you've got to be realistic, you can't know you're doing the full job? that's true, but that's the challenge for oceanography and everything in the ocean in general because it is so vast. 70% of the globe is ocean and we have large depths and many things we don't know about the oceans of we need to take this opportunity to understand the ocean better and understand its responses to human activities. how much does this help? it feels like a pinprick in a way, you say there's a huge lack of awareness of what's going on in the ocean, we have mapped the moon in its entirety and 10% of the ocean floor. how far does this really help you? it's a major step, it's the biggest one we have and it's also the process with the scientific community recommending and governments sitting down. after all this is international waters so that's something we can learn from to do so in other parts of the world. we can't protect all of the world. we can't protect all of the world oceans anyway because it's
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going to be affected by other things. we need to learn and build upon this one as a major step forward. you use the words major step forward, it's been seen as bad, asa step forward, it's been seen as bad, as a breakthrough of its kind, have you got to be realistic? we are in an increasingly uncertain political world at the moment and achieving that level of consensus among countries as diverse as russia, china, the us, you go on with the list, it's going to be very difficult to replicate? the way forward i think is the model that is pursued here. we have science coming together and making recommendations. scientists don't necessarily recommend to protect everything, everywhere, all the time, we have some high—priority areas and scientific consensus is that the basis for the intergovernmental negotiations, that's what we need. peter haugan, thank you forjoining us peter haugan, thank you forjoining us from norway. thank you. the world's media will descend on the english city of nottingham today when prince harry
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and his new fiancee meghan markle take part in their first official engagements together. they will also go on a walkabout with the public being able to see them as a couple for the first time. sarah campbell reports. it was only on monday that prince harry introduced to the american actress maggie as his new fiancee. this photo call was held in the controlled environment of the garden at kensington palace but miss markle made it clear in the subsequent interview that she was keen to get out and about and meet the british public. in these beginning few months and now being boots on the ground in the uk, i'm excited to just really get to know more about the different communities here, smaller organisations, working on the same causes i've always been passionate about under this umbrella. and also being able to go around the commonwealth, i think it is just the around the commonwealth, i think it isjust the beginning... there's a lot to do.
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their first lot to do. theirfirst engagement lot to do. their first engagement together will highlight an issue prince harry has become a prominent campaigner on behalf of, aids and hiv awareness. they will then visit nottingham academy through the royal foundation he has supported full effect, a programme attempted to tackle youth crime. this was prince harry meeting the public in nottingham earlier this year. according to his spokesman, it's a community that's become very special to him and one he's looking forward to introducing to his new fiancee. born and raised in california, meghan markle has already agreed to make the uk her home and the people of nottingham will be the first to publicly welcome her. sarah campbell, bbc news. here's our briefing on some of the key events happening later. in madrid, eight jailed ex—catalan ministers and two pro—independence activists will appear at the spanish supreme court to face allegations of sedition and rebellion against the state. as we've been hearing, pope francis continues his tour of bangladesh and will meet a group of muslim rohingyas refugees in dhaka as well as representatives from other religions
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and in dublin, european council president donald tusk will meet irish prime minister leo varadkar to discuss issues related to brexit. now it's time to get all the latest from the bbc sports centre. hello, i'm marc edwards and welcome to friday‘s sports briefing, where we'll be looking ahead to the russia 2018 world cup draw, which takes place in moscow, we'll also see if he's out of the woods? tiger's injury problems look like they might be behind him, and there's another ronaldo on the scene. not long to wait now. balls will be flying out of bowls as the world cup draw takes place in moscow later. the 32 finalists will be split into eight groups featuring a team from each pot. the city has been adorned with world cup paraphenalia and the world cup trophy is on site, and so is our correspondent richard conway. here in red square in the heart of
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moscow, team coaches and players and former legends of the tournament are flying in to take part in the ceremony. flying in to take part in the ceremony. it will be led by gary lineker, the former england striker, a one—time golden boot winner, he will be master of ceremonies and then the draw will be made. it will determine which teams play where. russia as hosts of course will have the opening game at the loosely key stadium in moscow, they will learn who they will play and the path to the final will become clearer for all of the big teams. they have big ambitions. they will soon know what they have to do to get through to that group stage, get to those knockout rounds and make it eventually to the final. we've been talking about tiger the last couple of days and the fact that recently he's had more comebacks than rocky balboa, but this time looks a good one. i don't want to jinx the 14—time
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major winner but woods returned to action at the hero world challenge in the bahamas on thursday. he stole the spotlight despite the field containing eight of the world's top—10 golfers. the 41—year—old is now ranked 1199 in the world, and hasn't played since back spasms aborted his last comeback ten months ago. but he opened up with avery respectable 3—under—par round of 69. woods is two shots ahead of the defending champion, japan‘s hideki matsuyama. the world numberfive began the defence of his title with a 1—under—par 71. leading the way is england's tommy fleetwood. the man who recently won the european tour's race to dubai title carded a 6—under—par round of 66 and he leads by one shot from two americans, rickie fowler and matt kuchar. meanwhile, in the premier league, sam allardyce has been named as the new everton manager, signing an 18—month deal with the club. the former england boss has been out of work since leaving crystal palace in may and succeeds ronald koeman, who was sacked in october. mauricio pochettino's been
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laying down the law, saying its his way or the benchway. spurs are on a difficult run of form with just one win in five league matches and some are saying the dip has coincided with the release of pochettino's book, brave new world, which documents his time in charge of spurs. but pochettino is having none of it, in his customary amiable manner the tottenham manager disagrees. all that happens in this book, the players know better than me. then we won a lot of games when i released the book. more than happy if the book is a problem, on the bench or on the list. now time to take a look at what's been catching our eye on social media. there's a big question out there, could cristiano ronaldo's title as one of the greatest footballers of all time, be under threat and from very close to home? this video of ronaldo's son playing
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a junior match in spain has been re—tweeted thousands of times. look at this for inch—perfect. he certainly shares more thanjust his name with his dad. ronaldo himself posting with it "nothing is coincidence". you can get all the latest sports news on our website at: but from me marc edwards and the rest of the team, that's your friday sport briefing. good shot, wasn't it? donald trump has turned on his christmas lights at the white house but was he premature? when is turning on the lights and getting into christmas too early? a quick one from ryan olson, my neighbours had lights up well before thanksgiving, but you can do it within a month. more still to come, as is business briefing injust a moment. some of us will have seen more snow
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showers overnight and into friday morning. icy in places too but the worst of the wintry weather will fade quite quickly during friday morning. the showers will pepper eastern parts of england and return to rain. still parts of england and return to rain. a scattering du gathering through the day elsewhere, fine and sunny weather after a frosty start. this is how things look at three o'clock in the afternoon. no more showers in cornwall and pembrokeshire, good sunny spells here. feeling less cold. the wind isn't quite as strong. feels quite breezy through eastern areas of england, mostly rain showers around. north—west england fine, increasing cloud and northern ireland, patchy cloud and showers found here and thick clouds spreading across scotland. less cold air beginning to feed in, especially in the western isles. through friday night, the cloud will increase elsewhere. where you are clear to start the night there may be a touch of frost but it is less widespread than it has been. rain showers around, and going into saturday morning the temperatures will rise
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as we go through the night after some of us have a chilly start to the weekend. as we start off on saturday, looking at the big picture, high pressure still close by but it is now southwards allowing air to come in from the atlantic rather than the arctic. a change in how the weather feels over the weekend. less cold, milder air starting to move in. all that does is return temperatures closer to average for this time of year. slow process in the south—east and anglia but even by sunday temperatures will have recovered. this is how saturday is shaping up. with this milder atlantic air there is a lot of cloud around. sunshine is hard to find and many of us have had loads of sunshine but that changes for saturday. light showers and patchy light rain and through the day we will see outbreaks of rain pushing south across scotland and into parts of northern ireland. part two of the weekend on sunday gets a lot of cloud around, maybe a few hazy sunny breaks.
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cloud is thick enough you could see rain. temperatures are recovering and some spots will reach double figures. that is the main change for the weekend. less cold air moving in, a lot of cloud with that and while generally there is dry weather around, there will be patchy light rain at times. this is business briefing. i'm david eades. a vital boost for growth or a ruinous handout to big business and the rich? president trump edges towards the biggest shake—up of us taxes in three decades. plus — untapped potential. could helping more women into work transform the world economy? we report from the global entrepreneurship summit in hyderabad. and on the markets, an outbreak of caution from asia! this is following the big surge from
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the dowel, as people wait for trump's tax plans to be
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