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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 7, 2018 4:00am-4:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is nkem ifejika. our top stories: a brexit breakthrough. the british prime minster says cabinet ministers are backing her plan for leaving the european union. this is a proposal that i believe will be good for the uk and the eu andi will be good for the uk and the eu and i look forward to it being received positively. divers in thailand succeed in getting an air line to the cave where 12 boys and their football coach are trapped. but conditions still aren't right for a rescue attempt. the us and north korea agree to set up a joint working group on denuclearisation, after mike pompeo‘s latest trip to pyongyang. china retaliates after the us imposes tariffs worth $34 billion, accusing washington of starting the "largest trade war in economic history." the british prime minister,
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theresa may, says her cabinet has reached a collective agreement on the basis of the uk's future relationship with the eu post—brexit. it has set out plans for a "free trade area" between the uk and the eu, which it believes will prevent a hard border in ireland. the eu's chief negotiator, michel barnier, said he would assess whether the ideas were workable and realistic. here's our political editor, laura kuennsburg. look close. then closer. look through the haze. there's the cabinet, deciding theirfuture. and, more importantly, all of ours. the prime minister, in purple, gesturing to boris johnson. what do you think his body language is saying back? theresa may's allies desperate to get him and the other
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brexiteers on board. inside there were, and likely still are, profound disagreements about life outside the eu. theresa may argued for a model where we're snugly tied to the eu in many ways, but it seems, at least in her mind, a deal was done. well, in detailed discussions today, the cabinet has agreed our collective position on the future of our negotiations with the eu and our proposal will create a uk—eu free trade area, which establishes a common rule book on industrial goods and agricultural products. this will maintain high standards but we will ensure no changes can take place without the approval of our parliament. as a result, we will avoid friction in trade. that will protect jobs and livelihoods and also meet our commitment to northern ireland. we've also agreed a new business—friendly customs model with freedom to strike trade deals around the world. but if it was easy, theresa may wouldn't have had to call her ministers
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to her retreat. suggestions brexiteers might quit after plotting last night, so alarmed atjust how close a relationship number 10 has design. be clear, what theresa may says has been agreed is a tighter rather than a looser relationship with the rest of the eu after we leave. yes, immigration as we know it will come to an end, but she wants to sign the uk up to following many eu rules. so was today the day she faced down her reluctant brexiteers? right now we just don't know if they rolled over or are guarding their angerfor another day. in recent times, the animals here have been better behaved than the political creatures in the tory party. the prime minister's been struggling between eurosceptics and former remainers almost impossible to tame. after the cabinet, she'll have to sell her plan to those grumpy mps and then, on the opposite side of the table, to the rest of the eu. they're likely to suggest everything wholesale but listen, perhaps a tiny chink of light. the uk has started to engage with us
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on all these topics. this is welcome and i look forward to further clarity from the uk. a long day's talks in the country have produced something, something that's acceptable to a majority of the cabinet? yes. something the tory party can live with? perhaps not everyone. something that talks with the eu can build on? maybe so. a leap forward for theresa may? certainly, yes, but we can't know where that leap will land. earlier, our political correspondent chris mason weighed in on the deal.
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he says the british prime minister theresa may will be sleeping easier now that a decision has been reached. i think she probably will, because the absences of the negatives that we re the absences of the negatives that were predicted by some, like senior ministers in the british government, marching out from her country retreat in buckinghamshire just north of london and heading down the drive on foot having lost their ministerial car because they have resigned, hasn't happened. this meeting has gone on for over 12 hours, only breaking up at 11:30pm on friday, not the conventional time for raking uk political news. here is the statement released by the british government, the chequers statement, as they call it. they acknowledge there has been, in their words, a substantial devolution in the british position as far as these brexit negotiations are concerned. they want a free trade area between the eu and uk. they talk about
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having a common rule book between the uk and the eu on all goods, including agrifood, and they are happy to commit that by treaty so there will be ongoing harmonisation with goods. on services, though, a substantial chunk of the british economy, they do say they will strike a separate arrangement and recognise, as a result of the uk leaving the single market and the customs union, that this will mean that the level of market access that each gets to each of those markets will not be as good as it is right now. we haven't yet heard from some of the big player brexiteers around the cabinet table who have ultimately signed up to this, but thatis ultimately signed up to this, but that is not to say that they are not pretty unhappy with it, such as the length of the driver be chequers country retreat, you wouldn't even here the screams if that is what was coming from the negotiating room. in terms of how to describe this, the language around brexit is rather difficult, but this is the softest form of a hard brexit. committed to
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leaving the single market and the customs union, but with lots of caveats that will worry some live campaigners. —— leave. authorities in thailand say an oxygen line has been installed successfully in the cave where 12 boys and their coach have been trapped for two weeks. there had been concern about falling oxygen levels before a rescue operation could get underway. the regional governor told journalists that the boys had enough strength to walk, but couldn't yet swim to safety. jonathan head is at the entrance to the caves in northern thailand. throughout this week since they found those boys, there's been a debate here among thai officials about what they should do with them. now, many of the divers who've been going in to see them have said the route out is just too dangerous to risk, they should be left where they are. that thinking is clearly changing, the impending monsoon makes staying where they are unviable, they could be there for months, they might even lose their only dry spot. we're hearing very much today about preparations to take them out. the kids can't swim, they're being taught now, they are practising wearing masks. lots of consultations
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are going on in particular with the british cave divers, who are still playing a leading role in this rescue and it seems now it's not imminent, but the authorities have decided at some point they're going to have to take a chance on the perilous route out with the divers. diver: how many of you? their discovery on monday seemed miraculous, but their rescue has confounded those trying to help them. now the authorities believe they have no choice. tonight, the local governor said they would have to risk taking the boys out the same way as the divers, and soon, because of expected rain next week. we will try. if it's heavy rain, and the situation is not good, we will try. supplying the boys is a long and exhausting job, involving dozens of thai and foreign divers. this is the easy part of the route.
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the last part takes six hours and needs six heavy air tanks for each diver to get there and back. it was while returning from laying down those extra tanks that saman kunan, a 38—year—old former navy diver, became unconscious and died. this is him a week ago as he boarded the plane to come here and help. now he's being flown back to his hometown to a hero's funeral. his commander acknowledged that time was running out. translation: we had thought the children could survive there for a long time, but everything has changed. we have quite limited time. and that's because the torrential rain that drove the divers out of the caves last week is expected to return and could go on for weeks or months.
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the death of this diver has brought home just how difficult it will be to try to pull these 12 weakened boys and their coach through flooded passages which one diver describes as like being in a darkened water tub and being battered by water. but the agonising truth confronting the thai authorities is that leaving them where they are through a rainy season that may cut off their supply line could be much riskier. the past week of little rainfall has given the authorities a window. they've used it to pump as much water as possible out of the caves and to try to stop more waterfrom going in. but that window is closing. from now, it will only get harder to attempt a rescue. jonathan head, bbc news, at the tham luang caves in northern thailand. staying in thailand, rescue teams say the chances of finding more survivors
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from a capsized boat are slim. at least 33 people are confirmed to have died in the accident off the resort island of phuket, but the bodies of more than 10 people are feared to be in the sunken hull. the boat, the phoenix, was carrying 105 people when it ran into trouble during a violent storm on thursday. lebo diseko has more, and just to warn you, there some distressing images from the start. searching for more survivors, but hope is fading. 49 people were found alive on thursday, but the fear is the time for rescue may fast be running out. now many of those polled from the water have lost their battle for life. —— pulled. for loved ones anxiously waiting, it's the worst kind of news. those who did make it and were treated in hospital spoke of traumatic scenes. translation: the ship started swaying very badly. it must have been shaking for about 30 minutes.
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on the second floor there were a lot of mothers carrying babies. they were very scared. everyone was shouting for help but the boat was shaking too much, it was impossible. an investigation has been ordered to find out why a severe weather warnings was ignored. there were waves of up to five metres high, making the phoenix overturn and sink. it was one of two tourist boats that capsized off the coast of peru kept on thursday evening. authorities say the search will resume on saturday morning to try and find the 23 people still missing. but the longer that takes, the more hopes fade that they will be found alive. lebo diseko, bbc news. the us secretary of state, mike pompeo, has wrapped up his "make or break" meeting with the north korean leader's right hand man, kim yong—chol. this is his third trip to pyongyang, and the first since the historic summit between president trump and kimjong—un. mr pompeo is expected to meet the north korean leader on saturday
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before he leaves for tokyo. here's the bbc‘s mariko oi in seoul. as you mentioned, mike pompeo arrived on friday afternoon and he met with kim jong—un‘s right—hand man. that was the only meeting as far as we know that took place late yesterday. it wrapped up around 7:30pm local time and they spoke about three hours before breaking for dinner. apparently the mood appeared relaxed. mike pompeo joked that this was his third time and that if he came another time he would have to start to pay taxes. to which the right—hand man suggested that the more he came the more trust could be built. this morning his first meeting was scheduled at 9am local time, about one hour ago. we still do not know who he is meeting with. as you can imagine, the information is only trickling in. i'm basically following some journalists who are accompanying mike pompeo to pyongyang — as far as i could tell they are not updating regularly. yesterday, all of a sudden,
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just as the meeting wrapped up we started to get a lot of tweets from mike pompeo and the journalists but as far as we know they have now set up a working group to nail down some of the details of the denuclearisation of the korean peninsula which was agreed between president trump and kimjong—un in singapore last month. that is all we know for now. since we don't know very much, i am at a loss about what to ask you. stay with us on bbc news. another thrilling day in russia as brazil are knocked out of the world cup, and we look ahead to the much anticipated england— sweden match. central london has been rocked by a series of terrorist attacks. police say there have been many casualties and there is growing
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speculation that al-qaeda was responsible. germany will be the host of the 2006 football world cup. they pipped the favourites south africa by a single vote. in south africa, the possibility of losing hadn't even been contemplated and celebration parties were cancelled. the man entered the palace through a downstairs window and made his way to the queen's private bedroom, then he asked her for a cigarette. and, on the pretext of arranging for some to be brought, she summoned a footman on duty, who took the man away. one child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world. education is the only solution. applause this is bbc world news, the latest headlines:
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following a day of intensive talks, the prime minster says cabinet ministers have reached agreement on uk relations with the eu after brexit. emergency workers in thailand have set up a supply of air to a group of boys trapped in a flooded cave, but they say they're not yet ready to begin a rescue operation. let's stay with that story now. that region of northern thailand is home to a whole underground network of caves which is prone to dangerous flooding around this time of year. but what's it like inside that complex? our corespondent nick beake has been finding out — he sent this report. we have come to a cave about ten kilometres away from where the boys are trapped. the conditions here are are trapped. the conditions here are a really similar. we are barely 20 metres inside and already you have a sense of what it is like to be
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underground in this part of north and highland. —— northern thailand. the water in these caves is murky. and muddy. and just imagine, the water in these caves is murky. and muddy. andjust imagine, if the water in these caves is murky. and muddy. and just imagine, if this passage were flooded. visibility would be non—existent and obviously that complicates any rescue attempt. people have to feel their way through the cave. we are using lights at the moment. this is what it looks like without any. the caves in this region are limestone. over centuries, water has seeped down in different places and at different speeds and created what we see today. that is why you can have narrow passageways which flowed easily, leading to bigger chambers where there is safety for a time. the passages the boys clambered through as they tried to escape from the rising water were much smaller
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than this one. we are still not far from the entrance and it is humid, damp you can hit outs and it feels extremely foster phobic. —— claustrophobic. the caves here at chiang rai a beautiful and but also perilous. it is good to see daylight again. those boys have been trapped for nearly two weeks and this whole country is hoping they will be emerging extremely soon. china has imposed retaliatory tariffs on american goods, after accusing the us government of igniting the biggest trade war in economic history. the chinese commerce ministry said the measures would match thirty—four billion dollars' worth of us tariffs which came into force on friday. it's a bitter pill to swallow forfarmers in the us — especially those who grow soybeans and have seen their fortunes fall. the bbc‘s nick bryant has travelled to alabama for this report. these have become the golden battlefields of a trade war that's fast engulfing the world.
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farmers in the american heartlands sown with soya bean crops are now hit with 25% import duties by beijing in revenge for us tariffs on chinese goods. china is the biggest export market for american soya beans and josh ogle has seen the price plunge to a nine—year low. but he voted for donald trump and backs the president's protectionist fight. he's a businessman and he knows how to negotiate and do things. i've got faith in what he's doing's going to work. now, is it going to work in the end? time will tell. but this trade war is going to hurt your business? it could, it's very possible it could hurt our business. it's according to how long it lasts and how long it takes to negotiate it out. nearby huntsville, alabama is the fastest—growing tech hub in america, a silicon valley of the south. and the home to high technology campuses now caught in the no man's land of this tit—for—tat conflict. this company manufactures communications equipment and its product lines use 1300 components imported from china
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that have now been hit by us tariffs. its costs have increased, its global supply chains have been disrupted and its ceo says they are being punished for manufacturing in america. if i buy the individual pieces, the individual chips and components and resistors and bring them into the us so i can manufacture here, we're slapped with a 25% tariff so i think that's going against what we want to have done. that policy is penalising american companies? those that actually manufacture here in the us, yes it's a problem. the us economy is thriving, many talk of a trump bump. and a recent poll suggested for the first time in his presidency, a majority of americans approve of his handling of the economy. a trade war could jeopardise all of that. this america first protectionism is already hitting american commerce. supporters likejosh believe the trade war will be short and sharp and america will end up on top. but that faith in the president could easily turn into frustration,
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even fury, if this summer of tariffs turns into an autumn and winter of economic pain. nick bryant, bbc news, alabama. there's growing concern in gabon that mangrove forests are being destroyed to make way for urban development. the small trees act as natural flood defences against storms. but as the region rushes forward with plans for urbanisation, mangroves are being cut down and replaced with new buildings. celestina olulode has more. in the thick mangrove forest there is a struggle to survive. shrubland like this is increasingly being cleared to make way for new buildings. gabon is home to half the mangroves in the gulf of guinea. natural habitats like this play a vital role in the fight against rising sea levels. the marshy land acts like a sponge, creating a naturalflood barrier. but scientists here are concerned that gabon‘s rush towards urban
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development could negatively impact the environment. translation: today, people are building on riverbeds and they're destroying wetlands such as mangrove forests. we are exposing ourselves to more and more natural disasters, and we risk ending up with conflict over land. and it's notjust the environment that could lose out. this recently cleared land was once mangrove forest. the area floods in heavy rains, making it unsafe for construction. but in this suburb north of libreville, despite legislation protecting natural areas, new land is an opportunity for new buildings. it is shocking because, of course, we should not be in a situation where people are building structures without permission in places that are unsafe. in this case, we are dealing with one or more people who are building on public land.
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so while there's a need to protect the land, the desire for urban growth threatens it. celestina olulode, bbc news. at the world cup, belgium have knocked 5—time champions brazil out of the tournament and france beat another south american team, uruguay. olly foster reports from moscow. the five—time champions, brazil, getting knocked out, you think the world cup is always a poorer place without them, but they just haven't been very good. they have been getting better, but belgium are a side who have looked really strong. i paid a lot of attention to them, because they were in england's group. they're now unbeaten. they did have a wobble against the japanese. but they are looking fantastic. they went in 2—0 at half—time. it was an own goal from fernandinho and an absolute thunderbolt from kevin de bruyne. brazil did come back, they pulled back a goal late on through augusto and neymar.
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he was diving around, huge histrionics. perhaps they should have won a penalty through gabrieljesus, but brazil is going home. in a world cup of shocks, that will rank amongst them, but it's not a very big shock because belgium are a good side indeed. their last world cup semifinals were 1986. we are now looking forward to belgium against their neighbours, france. france also look good. they were the 1998 champions, captained by didier deschamps, and he is now the head coach. they beat uruguay very easily. a fluky goal from antoine griezmann. he hit it from a long way out. the uruguay keeper mucked it up, spooning it into his own net. france against belgium in st petersburg next tuesday, i think. and of course, there's plenty more world cup action on saturday
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when sweden take on england before the hosts, russia, meet croatia to decide who else will advance to next week's semi—finals. we will, of course, bring you all of the action here as well as online at bbc.com/sport. just a reminder of our top story. the british prime minister says that day intensive talks with cabinet ministers has produced an agreement on future relations with the eu after breakfast —— brexit. it says of the current free movement of people, as it is now, that will end. mrs may must now try to win over hardline brexiteers as well as members of the eu. well, for many of us,
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it's going to be another hot day. temperatures are going to exceed 30 degrees across the south. we had temperatures up to 31 on friday. we'll easily make that on saturday. having said that, there will be a little bit more cloud around during the course of the weekend. in fact, some areas may even be a little bit of overcast, at least from time to time. now, the atlantic weather systems away towards the north of us, they're still closer to iceland than they are to the uk. so that's why we're in this predominantly dry weather. there's no changes absolutely as far as the eye can see, at least through the weekend, into most of next week, in fact, the whole of next week. bad news for the gardens and parks. a lot of scorched grass about at the moment. anyway, these are the temperatures first thing in the morning. 17 in london. 13 in newcastle. and then those temperatures are going to do one thing in the morning, theyjust shoot up and up and up very rapidly.
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so lots of sun around, but it will be cloudy from time to time, particularly around some north—western areas, may be eastern areas picking up a bit of cloud. cloud's also developing across the midlands. 30 at least in london. i suspect temperatures could get up to around 31 or so. northern parts of the country will be closer to the mid—teens. high pressure's with us pretty much all through the weekend, however, there is this one little cool front that nudges into scotland, and that means basically a little bit more cloud here for the north—west of scotland, the western isles in general, and maybe some spots of rain and these atlantic fresher winds win. so across the north—west here, it is going to be quite a bit cooler on sunday. temperatures perhaps only in the teens. whereas to the south of that, it's just going to be hot. very hot in fact. temperatures across the south could peak at around 32 celsius on sunday, hitting 90 fahrenheit. newcastle will be at a very pleasant 2a celsius. now, i already mentioned, not much change on the way next week. in fact, staying dry. but it won't be quite as hot. looks as though the heat is going to be pushed back into europe, and we'll see slightly cooler air riding around this high pressure because the winds around the high pressure blow
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in a clockwise fashion like so. so any air here will be basically be pushed back into the uk. so that means that we'll see more and more northern parts of the country into the slightly fresher air. still most into the 20s. we're not talking about it necessarily cooling off a great deal. in fact, on monday, it's still in the high 20s across the south. it's only when we get to around tuesday or wednesday, maybe back down to the mid—twenties. and in the north you can see here, closer to the teens. that's it from me, bye—bye. this is bbc world news. the headlines: the british prime minister, theresa may, says a day of intensive talks with cabinet ministers has produced an agreement on future relations with the european union after brexit. the deal proposes continued free trade in goods, but it says the current free movement of people will end. the us and north korea have agreed to set up a joint
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working group on denuclearisation, after a meeting in pyongyang between seretary of state mike pompeo and the north korean leader's right hand man, kim yong—chol. mr pompeo is due to meet kim jong un on saturday. rescue teams in thailand say an air supply line has been installed in the cave where 12 boys and their football coach have been trapped for two weeks. there had been concern about falling oxygen levels as rescuers try to work out how to bring the boys to safety. thousands are expected to march through the capital this weekend as part of london pride,
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