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tv   Witness  BBC News  October 27, 2018 2:30pm-3:00pm BST

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keep up! wintry weather. we've seen some keep up! wintry weather. we've seen some here. we've got a taste of those penguins‘ weather. some here. we‘ve got a taste of those penguins‘ weather. some snow over high ground in scotland, north england. sunshine and showers rolling in on the northerly wind. you see the snow sitting over the higher ground, but for lower levels, mostly rainy with some sleet. it is cold because the winds are coming from the arctic. streaming down gci’oss from the arctic. streaming down across the uk. staying with us acrostic course of the weekend. changing to more north—easterly tomorrow. not quite as cold tomorrow. not quite as cold tomorrow. we‘ve still got some showers vertically for the north and east in scotland, snow over the mountains. eastern england, east midlands, down to southern england, a line of showers. quite gusty, the
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wings. temperatures low, 6—8dc for most of us, feeling even lower with the wind chill. feeling around 1—4. afternoon for gloves and scarves. the clock is going back one hour at 2am on sunday morning. you might be lucky enough to get an extra hour in bed if you do not have small children or are not a shift worker. this evening and overnight, the showers continue across eastern scotla nd showers continue across eastern scotland and england. sunday morning through the day on sunday, winds changing to more of an easterly direction. after the cold start on sunday, sunshine on the map. channel isles, south east
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england, east coast towards a skull and, it rains a bit wintry over the mountains of scotland. more sunshine to better today, particularly for the west of scotland, northern ireland, down towards wales. temperatures a degree or two warmer, we might hit double figures. staying with the chilly theme into monday. cold and frosty start. monday looking drier the better the weekend, fewer showers, perhaps one oi’ weekend, fewer showers, perhaps one or two broke showers along eastern england. cloud increasing to the north—west. light wind, more sunshine, not quite as cold. temperatures 8—11 for most of us, still on the cold side but gradually through the week ahead seeing the temperatures rising to average. with the arrival of more uncertain weather through the week. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines...
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the former cabinet minister lord hain has said he stands by his decision to name sir philip green as the businessman facing allegations of sexual harassment and racial abuse. sir philip green hits back at peter hain for naming him in the house of lords, the retail billionnaire says it was "outrageous" for the peer to breach an injunction banning reporting of harrassment allegations. monday‘s budget will include business rate cuts for small retailers and cash to improve transport links as the government looks to boost the high street. president trump has condemned what he called "terrorising acts" and called for unity, after a man is charged in relation to letter bombs sent to prominent critics of the president. the saudi foreign minister has insisted those behind the killing of thejournalist, jamal khashoggi, will face justice in saudi arabia. he also accused the western media of hyping its coverage of the case. now on bbc news, it‘s time for witness. hello and welcome to witness
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with me razia iqbal. i am here at the british library to guide you through five extraordinary moments in recent history. told to us by people who were there. we‘ll hear about a mother who had corporal punishment outlawed in scottish schools. how a racially motivated murder of a bengali man changed london in the 19705. the first female gazan athlete to lead the palestinian delegation at the olympic games. and the story behind a revolution in childbirth. but we start with an individual who helped create a fashion industry in the soviet union. under communism, clothes and designs were regulated by the state. but this designer had
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the urge to break away and create new designs. he became the first soviet designer to start his own haute couture fashion label. translation: what is the point of a fashion designer? is to give people joy. the joy of connecting with beauty, you see. this has been the most important thing in my life. for the ordinary russian in the streets, such styles are a long ways off of. fabrics are ordered only once in three years to a design from drawing to mass production make takes two years. translation: soviet factories produced a very basic clothes.
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poorly cut and badly stitched. soviet fashion houses work for clothes factories and every design had to be approved or rejected by a commission of representatives from ministries and other organisations. they had nothing to do with the art of fashion. yet they told artists what to do. myjob was boring and uninspiring. so i left the state fashion industry. ideas were pouring out of me. i got together a group of young people and we began to create our own collection. at the time, the problem was getting hold of enough cloth. there was a shortage of fabric. we used fabric from a state warehouse. the fabric belonged to the state and we got state funding. the tickets are as hard to get and just as expensive as the bolshoi ballet, it's the fashion show. moscow's latest entertainment and one that can be assured of a full house as long as russia's top designer can be persuaded to put his models through their paces.
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translation: working with black only is boring. but we didn‘t have any other colours. so i kept buying black fabric. for the moment, the fashion world regards his work as rather old—fashioned. but then, that is hardly surprising for a man who until a few years ago had to rely on friends to give them old copies of fashion magazines. translation: in 1989, i went to america and got food of new italian fabrics. these were beautiful fabrics. and i used them for a high—fashion collection. in the past few months he's taken his models do new york and paris and the changes are already beginning to show. see high—fashion is high art. it is the art of creating a costume, a style which reflects its time. high—fashion is still well above the heads of most of his audience. translation: high-fashion reflects
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the most striking features. 19805 was all about shoulder pads. creating the image of a woman who is more refined, more confident. she is in touch with herself. she is free of male influence. but although his customers are part of the elite, it is hard to imagine the kremlin wives in some of his numbers. translation: in 1989, i showed my collection injapan, i was recognised as one of the top five designers in the world. that was an amazing moment. i‘m a working man. i push myself hard. and fashion is what gives me great joy. our next film takes us to scotland in 1983. corporal punishment in schools
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was still legal across the uk. but grace campbell objected to the possibility of her children being beaten and campaigned to get the law changed. recent survey of scottish teenagers show that a third of the boys and one is well with the girls had been belted in one fortnight period. people say that if you don‘t have kids, you‘re spoiling them. i say they have to take a long, cold hard look in the mirror. because when you‘re stripping away, what you‘re really talking about is hitting another individual. most of scottish secondary school teachers possess one of these thick, leather straps available time. on the largest teachers union in scotland, maintains that it's an unpleasant necessity in today's's unruly classrooms. corporal punishment in scotland was institutionalized. it was really strange that in a country like britain,
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in the 70s and 805, corporal punishment will still around. because actually it wasn‘t in many european countries. the local authorities, local education authorities, had sat down guidance for teachers on what is dressed to use, what was known as a belt was used to hit you on the hand. it‘s difficult to describe why the belt with such a terrifying thing to look at. but i think it is just because from a very early age, you know, you hearfrom the other kids, the older kids it‘5 cool about the belt. it is a single use thing. it doesn‘t have any other legitimate u5e. it is just for hitting people. that‘s all it is for. and so when you see it, ok that is something to be wary of. my mum had been subjected to corporal punishment when she was in school, and she was absolutely clear she didn‘t want it for her children. so she tried to seek assurances from local school. to make sure my kids will be belted. she went to the local authority, regional counsel at the time, there were absolutely clear
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about guidance is that he gets used. she was in touch with the local mp, the coun5ellor5, trying basically to get something done. and eventually it was clear that under scot5 law at the time, there was no point in trying to go through the courts in scotland. so my mum had no choice. she ended up having to go the european court of human rights in strau5burg. it didn't do me any harm. i think it should be kept. why is that? because there will be more vandalism and fighting and bullying. in society at the time, they were definitely perceived to be troublemaking. the majority in society wanted to keep corporal punishment. the court did rule that beating children against their parent's
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wishes violated the human rights convention. i'm very pleased with the outcome of the case. and feel that expedient implement the findings will improve the educational environment for both teachers and pupils. when mama got the news of the judgment, there was a lot of spontaneous dancing. and hugging my dad. with ten west of scotland family, just isn‘t a normal thing. with a west of scotland family, just isn‘t a normal thing. and they were really, really pleased. after the law was changed, it was changed a thing just before the start of the school term. and i found it just disappeared overnight. it was like it never existed. andrew campbell, remembering his mother grace.
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remembering his mother grace. in 1978, a bengali textile worker was murdered in london‘s east end. the killing of the 55—year—old wa5 racially motivated and mobilised the bengali community to act. one man recalls what life was like in the east and and the events around the murder. chanting. in 1970, life in east london wasn‘t very pleasant, due to racial abuse. a recent up report on racial violence in this area described asians as an isolated and terrorised community. the victims of an appalling catalogue of violent crime. we had fire put through our letter box. urinating in our letter box. people are frightened to leave their house.
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spitting, pushing, it was common. it was really frightening. i was in fear all the time. national front is a group of people who always hate5 people. chanting. most of them were skinheads. all the message was against immigration. it was thursday 11th of may, it was election day. after work, he was walking to this district through here. to go home. approximately 6pm. and when he got there, i don‘t know the actual spot, but he was attacked and knifed in his neck. all of a sudden, we heard 5iren5 from every angle. as we heard 5iren5... siren.
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you can hear 5iren5 now. similar 5iren5 from every angle. after a few minutes we had a bengali man had been stabbed to death. we‘re very angry, we don‘t know what to do. everyone was shouting. crying. the community finally ignited. chanting: the national front is the nazi front! we organised a march to hyde park corner. to 10 downing st to the prime minister. it was the biggest bengali led march in the uk. our message is no more killing. in brick lane, a favourite sunday morning gathering spot
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for national front supporters, the group of some 200 bengali5 5at down in the road to listen to a succession of speakers... after the big march, the national front continued with their activities, so we had to march every sunday after that. and our slogan wa5 "black and white unite and fight". eventually, the nation front lost their grip. because they know our community is no longer fighting. we 5tood firmly. where i am sitting now, this has been named after altah ali. he will always be remembered and we have a memorial
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there at the back. we come and lay flowers in his memory. so he is not forgotten. remember you can watch witness every month on the bbc news channel. or you can catch up on all ourfilm5 along with more than 1000 radio programmes in our online archive. just go to bbc.co.uk/witne55. at the 2004 athens olympics a young 100 metre runnerfrom the gaza strip became the first woman to lead the palestinian delegation as an opening ceremony. her name — sanaa abu bkheet. translation: it was my greatest moment. my name went down in history as the first palestinian woman to carry the palestinian flag at the olympics.
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running was a hobby for me. i started as an amateur in school. at a school we were confined to inside the grounds. when ijoined the national team and started running on the streets, my conservative 5ociety did not look favorability on a palestinian girl running in public. but when i per5i5ted, people accepted me and began to encourage and support me. when i run, ifeel happy, free and relaxed. all my worries disappear. i prepare for the athens olympics in a stadium in gaza. it had a sandy track.
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i was then 5pon5ored by a palestinian businessman to go on a training camp for a month on a greek island. in month was not enough for to take part in the olympics and get good results. my participation was 5ymbolic. because the situation in gaza doe5 not allow us to prepare properly for medals. it was such a beautiful 5cene. because as 50011 as everyone saw the palestinian flag, they began clapping. but i also felt overwhelmed to find myself on the starting line. you have this feeling inside.
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but as soon as you get going, you forget about everything. whoever comes last still gets cheers, just like the winner. athens was a start for me. in 2009 i took part in the athletics world championship in berlin. i‘m still training, but because of the siege i can‘t go outside of the gaza strip. i cannot compete in international races. i manage with the thanks, thank god, because of my husband‘s support. he is now my coach. for the past four years, no athlete from gaza has been able to take part in any event outside. a short while ago, there was an invitation to go tojerusalem and ramallah for events.
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but they were all denied travel permits. allahu akhbar. translation: my advice to other palestinian women i5 hold on to your dreams, do not give up, do not allow any pressures to defeat you. go for what you love most. for our final 5tory, we head to france in the late 19705 where doctor michel odent 5tarted a childbirth revolution with his new invention the birthing pool. he tells us how it came about. there is something special about human beings and water. as soon as it is lifted into the air, its lungs start to work normally. the right place to give birth would
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be the right ways to make love. —— place. in 1962, the way of giving birth was in the same, in a hospital, on a table with legs on stirrups. but gradually, we recon5ider everything. we had introduced the concept of homelike birthing. a smaller room with no visible medical equipment to help me feel
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more at home in hospital. i think people have the vision of hospital as a place when you come when you‘re sick or to die. 1am and a young couple have driven 150 miles to have their first baby here, in an ordinary state hospital in northern france. by changing the environment we have attracted more women. the men coming from far away. and that is why i became an obstetrician. from 200 births, to 1000 births a year. a pool to help others ease the pain of labour. babies are usually born underwater. we painted the walls of the room
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blue, with a dolphin on the wall. many women could not wait. they would be at the birthing pool before it is full, not wait. the main objective was to break a vicious cycle, and by replacing drugs with old medication, it was a side effect. after being in the womb and warm fluid for nine months, the baby emerges happily into the warm water with its life—support system from the mother still intact. singing. i remember the visit we had with this british obstetrician. what do you think of the pool? well, i don't think we have room for it in our hospital. i find his views about it
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a wonderful mixture of mysticism and science. i don‘t think the word mysticism is appropriate. it showed that i try to consider in a scientific language 5ome emotional state. translation: i like the family atmosphere. very reassuring. he give you confidence in yourself and that what i needed. and that is what i needed. i‘m pleased when i hear women talk in a positive way about the birth of their babies. we have to learn from positive experiences, that is the way forward. doctor michel odent on the water birth revolution. that is all from witness this month at the british library. we will be back next month with more first—hand accounts of extraordinary moments in history. but now from me and the rest of the witness team, goodbye. good afternoon. we have a real mix
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of sunshine and showers out there with a cold northerly wind, some of those showers have been falling as snow across the mountains of scotland, and northern england. this picture was taken by one of our weather watchers off the coast of aberdeen. we have these big shower clouds, heavy bursts of rain with hail mixed in. the reason things are so hail mixed in. the reason things are so cold at the moment is we have northerly winds, they can be tracked all the way back to the arctic,
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bringing colder air in. blue colours here on the map. we continue to see these showers across northern and eastern parts of scotland. down the eastern parts of scotland. down the east coast of england, some showers across the midlands and in the south—west. all of these showers moving further south through the afternoon. some sunshine and gusty northerly winds, temperatures out there between around seven or 8 degrees, but others feeling colder than that. with wind chill, it feels like 1—5d. than that. with wind chill, it feels like1—5d. in the than that. with wind chill, it feels like 1—5d. in the evening, we keep those showers. colder temperatures too. but remember, overnight night the clocks go back by one hour. at 2pm on sunday morning, it becomes one o‘clock on sunday morning. we have chilly conditions with clear skies across northern ireland, western scotland, western england and wales. here, we are likely to see a sharp frost first thing on sunday morning. towards eastern parts of england, we have crowd and
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showers, not as cold first thing. sunday is a fairly similar thing to today. winds coming from a north—easterly direction. tomorrow, fewer showers than we have seen today. some showers in eastern scotla nd today. some showers in eastern scotland and eastern and southern england. heavy towards the channel islands. heavy and thundery showers here. for much of the country, is a dry day tomorrow. temperatures creeping figures in the south. a degree or two less than out there today. but the chilly theme continues into the new working week. early on monday, cold and frosty scenes like this one. after that, a cold start and fewer showers. some broke showers in eastern scotland where they fall as snow on the mountains. monday is looking like a dry day, not as cold and it turns a little more mild through the week
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ahead. this is bbc news i‘m lukwesa burdak. the headlines at three... lord hain says he stands by his decision to name sir philip green as the businessman facing allegations of sexual harassment and racial abuse. former england footballer and manager glenn hoddle is taken to hospital afterfalling ill. reviving the high street — the government is to cut business rates for small retailers as part of a £1.5 billion cash boost for towns and cities. a man is charged over a series of letter bombs sent to prominent critics of president trump, the president condemns what he calls "terrorising acts". also coming up this hour, lewis hamilton eyes victory in mexico to take his fifth formula one world title. hamilton only needs to secure seventh place in tomorrow‘s
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