welcome to bbc news. i'm james reynolds. our top stories: iran's leaders under pressure after more protests over the shooting down of a passenger jet. canadians were among the victims — prime ministerjustin trudeau paid his respects and promised justice. we will not rest until there are answers. we will not rest until there is justice and accountability. queen elizabeth and other senior royals are to hold talks over prince harry and meghan‘s future role. warnings of a further eruption force thousands to leave their homes near to a volcano in the philippines. and serena williams celebrates her first title in three years, winning the auckland
classic in straight sets. there have been more protests in tehran after the iranian government confirmed it was responsible for the shooting down of a ukrainian passengerjet. demonstrators voiced anger at the blunder — a product of raised tensions following america's assassination of general qasem soleimani. rich preston has this report. chanting. in the capital tehran, protesters filled the streets, chanting slogans against the country's supreme leader, ayatollah ali khamenei. posters of qasem soleimani, the military commander killed by the us and whose funeral saw hundreds of thousands turn out at memorial events, were torn down. and, in an apparent show of defiance against the government,
students refused to walk over american and israeli flags. demonstrators say they're angry with their leaders for the shooting down of the ukrainian plane last week, killing all 176 people on board. in a rare move, even iran's press was critical of the country's leaders. "unforgivable". "national mourning". and the demand, "apologise, resign". president trump tweeted his support of the protesters and strong words to iran's leaders. and then even posted the same message in farsi. in canada, vigils across the country for those who lost their lives on a flight ps 752. i'd like to take this opportunity to honour the memory of all the victims of this tragic event. our deepest condolences go out to the families and friends of all these people
who have lost their lives. and a strong message from prime ministerjustin trudeau. i want to assure all families and all canadians, we will not rest until there are answers. we will not rest until there is justice and accountability. iran has signalled it wants to de—escalate tension with the west but it's unclear exactly how it will do that. rich preston, bbc news. let's get some of the day's other news. former pope benedict has made an unusual intervention on a possible change to roman catholic church practice. in a book co—written with a vatican cardinal he's warned his successor pope francis not to relax the rules on clerical celibacy. vatican experts have expressed surprised that the retired pope would speak out on such a sensitive topic.
military sources say mortar rounds have hit an airbase in iraq that houses us forces. the sources say that four iraqi soldiers were wounded at balad base north of baghdad. similar attacks on the base in recent months have been blamed on iranian—backed militias in iraq. it's not clear who was behind this latest attack. the british prime minister borisjohnson and his irish counterpart leo varadkar are to visit the northern ireland assembly at stormont for talks with the first and deputy first ministers. northern ireland's devolved government was formally re—established on saturday after three years of deadlock. the restored power—sharing executive is headed by the leader of the democratic unionist party, arlene foster, and the vice—president of the irish republican party sinn fein, michelle o'neill. the british government says the talks will focus on reforms to public services. officials say a emergency alert about an incident at a nuclear power plant near toronto was sent by mistake. around three million residents were sent text messages suggesting staff were dealing with a serious incident at the pickering nuclear power plant.
but an hour later a second message was received to say there was no active nuclear situation. local mayors have called for a full investigation. a dramatic release of ash and steam from a volcano in the philippines has led the authorities there to order eight—thousand people to leave the area. sped up footage of the taal volcano, south of the philippine capital, manila, shows the plume of white smoke that's several kilometres high. as tremors shook the area, sped up footage shows a volcanic lightning storm in the column of steam and ash. the bbc‘s howard johnson is just a few miles away. we're six miles away from the volcano. i'lljust pan the camera around. in the last half—an—hour black smoke has started billowing out of the volcano.
what we have seen overnight is it moved from a phreatic eruption to a magmatic eruption. what's happening now is a light lava flow is happening. at the moment it is level four out of five. the government here say that at level four the risk of a hazardous explosion could be within hours or days. what we've seen is that lots of people in this area are moving away to evacuation areas out of an exclusion zone which is further down the road here. and people are moving into the centres, taking with them valued possessions, taking with them their pet. we've also seen all of this mud, this volcanic ash and dust that's landed on the surface. i'm just panning around here so you can see, somewhere between four centimetres to 60 centimetres thick covering the whole area. we've seen pineapple groves completely ruined by the volcanic ash. i can see the layers of ash there. are people scared? yeah, people we have been speaking with have been expressing concern about it. people here though in
the philippines are used to these kind of activities. this is the pacific ring of fire, lots of volcanic and seismic activity here in the philippines. this last erupted in 1965. it went on for years, it ended in 1977. let's not forget in 1991, pinatubo, one of the biggest eruptions of the 20th century took place. that was a seismic event that killed 300 people at the time of the eruption. so people are concerned that if this one is as bad as that it could lead to some serious damage, not only that but it's surrounded. if wejust pan around again, you can see a lake surrounding the volcano and some vulcanologists are saying that there's the fear that there could be a volcanic tsunami caused by the eruption that could cause a tidal wave that could affect areas around here. howard johnson reporting. queen elizabeth will host a meeting of her son prince charles and his two children on monday
to discuss the future role of younger son prince harry. it's follows harry's announcement that he and his wife meghan would be stepping back from their royal duties. meghan is expected to join in the summit by phone from canada. 0ur royal correspondent sarah campbell reports. the queen is a familiar face here on sundays and, this morning, she attended church as normal. but these feel like very unfamiliar times, with senior members of the royal family all making their way here for a summit unprecedented in its nature. her majesty will have her first face—to—face meeting with prince harry, her grandson, since he and his wife announced they intended to step back as senior royals. attending the meeting, prince charles, on his return from 0man, where he travelled to pay his respects following the death of the sultan. prince william will also be at the meeting. meghan, the duchess of sussex, is expected to join the talks via phone from canada, where she returned last week. there is much to discuss here at sandringham at the meeting tomorrow about the future relationship between the duke and duchess of sussex
and the royal family. it's hoped that next steps will be agreed, but officials are stressing that any decisions taken about their future status will take time to be implemented. and there are plenty of questions requiring answers. how will harry and meghan fund their new lives and what does financially independent mean for them? will the couple keep their royal titles? at the moment there is no suggestion they wish to renounce those titles. and the cost of harry and meghan‘s security if they live between the uk and north america is also unclear. i think the british taxpayer should pay for the security of harry and meghan and theirfamily. as they do with former ministers. he has done great service, just on the basis of that. and i also understand that a young couple really ought to be allowed to make their own decisions about what their future should be and, if they decide they want to go to canada, of course, they must always be protected. 0pinion polls and this straw poll from sandringham this morning suggests finding a solution will not be straightforward. i certainly don't think we should pay for security if he wants to try and remove himself from all of this. but ijust don't see how he can. he's a royal. i think they bring a lot
of business to this country, especially with the americans. after the shock of wednesday's announcement, this is a family trying to pull together. 0n the front page of one national newspaper today, a quote reportedly from prince william, "i've put my arm around my brother all our lives. "i can't do it any more". there is no precedent for what is being proposed, a part royal, part private role. the priority now, for the sake of the royal family, is that a way forward must be found. bushfire conditions have eased in australia giving firefighters some temporary respite. but with more than a hundred fires still ablaze in the state of new south wales alone and more hot weather on its way, the crisis is far from over. the prime minister scott morrison has been heavily criticised for his government's response to the crisis — he has been overtaken in the polls by the leader of the opposition. 0ur correspondent clive myrie has been surveying the damage in new south wales. is this australia's future? the new normal? bushfires have come and gone
here for centuries. but nothing as intense as this. walls of heat and fire, 10, 20, 30, a0 kilometres wide. inconceivable. so you could be out here at night and little feathertailed gliders would come down the trees and look at you. used to wake up every morning to hundreds of birds, big birds, little birds, birds on the ground, birds up the trees and there's nothing any more. samantha calls this state forest home, living among the wallabies and kangaroos. and unfortunately it almost seems like an extinction event, because there haven't been any dead bodies, any injured animals. anything living was incinerated. some now believe these fires may be a turning point for australia. its people forced to confront mortality on several fronts.
this is a game changer. people are seeing the tangible effects of a drier climate. a majority of australians now rank climate change as the top threat to australia's vital interests, above other more conventional threats to national interests, including cyber security an attack from china, or even a strike from north korea. look, you can see where it's come down through here. it's completely scorched up there. kevin mccash farms oysters and for him climate change is a present danger, as warmer waters kill the plankton they feed on. bushfires started here perhaps now and into february, march, april. they're starting so much earlier. i believe it is climate change. the government is asleep at the wheel. and that government is led by scott morrison, who as a minister four years ago nailed his colours to the mast
in the climate change debate. this is coal, don't be afraid, don't be scared. speaker: the treasurer knows the rule on props. it's coal, there's no word for coalaphobia officially, mr speaker, but that's the malady that afflicts those opposite. chanting: scomo has got to go! but australians are angry and the prime minister today did acknowledge climate change is a factor in the bushfires. but the powerful coal lobby and the right—wing of his party will fight meaningful change. as firefighters head to another blaze, australia's governor general, the queen's representative, arrives in new south wales. he's greeted by the state's transport minister, who says government policy must change. we've got to talk about climate engineering, not climate science any more. we've got to actually talk about how we're going to make sure our communities are more resilient, how we use water and how we build the right infrastructure. back in the burnt out forest, signs of hope.
a magpie, yeah, yeah, happy. we just weren't sure if they'd come back after the fire, and one parent and two babies have, so it's really good to see. the bushfires have exposed the fragility of life in all its forms. while many are angry now, as the earth gets hotter what happens when the fury fades? clive myrie, bbc news, in new south wales. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: why the tide is out in venice, leaving the city's famous canals almost dry. day one of operation desert storm to force the iraqis out of kuwait has seen the most intense air attack since the second world war. tobacco is america's oldest industry and one of its biggest, but the industry is
nervous of this report. this may tend to make people want to stop smoking cigarettes. there is not a street that is unaffected. huge parts of kobe were simply demolished, as buildings crashed into one another. this woman said she had been given no help and no advice by the authorities. she stood outside the ruins of her business. tens of thousands of black children in south africa have taken advantage of laws passed by the country's new multiracial government and enrolled at formerly white schools. tonight sees the 9610th performance of the long—running play, the mousetrap. when they heard about her death today, the management considered whether to cancel tonight's performance, but agatha christie would have been the last person to want such a thing. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: there's been another day
of protests in iran over the authorities‘ delay in accepting responsibility for the shooting down of a passenger plane. queen elizabeth and other senior royals are to hold talks over prince harry and meghan‘s future role. more now on our top story and as protests continued for a second day in iran, the country's only female 0lympic medallist, kimia alizadeh, has announced her defection. in a series of posts on her social media account, the taekwondo champion who won bronze at the 2016 rio 0lympics, said she had made the difficult decision to leave her homeland, referring to herself as "one of the millions of oppressed women in iran". i spoke with alireza nader, a senior fellow at the foundation for defence of democracies, and asked him if her defection adds to the pressure on tehran. definitely, the last day has seen massive protests in iran over the shooting down of the ukraine airliner. a lot of dissatisfaction
expressed against the regime, including general soleimani, who the regime wanted us to believe had a lot of national support. now we have iranians, left and right, defecting from the regime, including the chess master you mentioned, but also other iranian celebrities, actors, films director are coming out and saying that they are siding with the people and not the islamic republic. i'd like to talk for a minute about kimia alizadeh, the taekwondo champion. if i went into a shop in tehran and mentioned her name to the shopkeeper, would i be able to get into a deep conversation about the champion‘s taekwondo moves? is she that famous? she is not that famous in iran but, if you look at the last several defections, they've tended to be younger iranians, whether the taekwondo champion, or the chess masters. look iranian people have no future in that country. the regime provides
nothing for them, especially if you are a woman, you are a second class citizen because of gender apartheid. so a shopkeeper might not recognise this taekwondo champion but they get the story, they understand where she is coming from. we do not really know where she is at the moment but let's talk about the pressures on iranian athletes in general. i know that when they compete abroad, they face problems because their own country does not allow them to face israeli athletes, for an example. it is a tough situation to be an internationally renowned iranian athlete, is it? it is terrible. they get very little state support. you'd be surprised how many of them actually live in near—poverty. and then their careers are constantly damaged because they have to follow the regime's very narrow and hateful ideology towards israel. i do not believe the majority of iranians have hatred toward israel, maybe the opposite even. and so if you are a young person,
and you are trying to make something of your life and the islamic republic is trying to make you do something you do not want to, naturall you would want to defect and live a free life in a free country. china has urged the international community to oppose the possibility of taiwanese independence, after the landslide victory of president tsai ing—wen. president tsai, who advocates continued autonomy for the self—governing island, urged beijing to remember the importance of peace, democracy, and dialogue. but chinese officials said her victory didn't change the fact that taiwan was part of what it describes as "one china". the police in gibraltar have arrested dozens of people, accused of smuggling migrants into europe, by fraudulently obtaining uk tourist visas. officers say the gang trafficked more than 130 people from morocco into spain, and other eu countries, and charged them around $8,000 each.
serena williams has made her big career comeback, winning herfirst title in three years at the auckland classic. the 38—year—old beatjessica pegula 6—3, 6—4 and is donating her prize money to the australian bushfire relief effort. williams celebrated with her two—year—old daughter. cheryl downes is a sports journalist based in melbourne. i think it is incredibly important but on the flipside i think it is also just going back to being a tennis player as well. so i think the recognition that she has got as a mother is amazing and for other players, kim clijsters has talked about a comeback as well so it sets a standard for them. serena williams has been a fantastic athlete, before being am other, after being a mother, but for less well—known ath'etes, some of them have faced practical problems athletes, they lose sponsorship when they get pregnant. do mothers get a fair shake as athletes? i think there is plenty of room to improve
and i've had a look here in australia, and cricket australia have been one amazing example where they really do support the athletes and i think netball as well. they support the players by providing 12 months of maternity leave. in tennis they protect their rankings for three years, they guarantee contracts in cricket as well based on the same amount as what they had previously. it is difficult to go off and have a baby and come back to professional sport, not just financially and physically but even in terms of your priorities. i think for any female athlete it is amazing. tell us about some of those australian athletes who are mothers and the kind of achievements they have carried out at the moment? two examples that i would look at in the football worlds — we've got heather garriock, who is a former matilda who had a baby as she was playing. at the time they did not have the same processes that they do now so at time she actually had to give up football.
she has come back to football and is the head coach of one of the w—league teams, so she's the head coach of the canberra united. she has got three young children and is still is quite successful. i suppose you can look in the fawsl as well, you've got emma hayes, who has had a child and been able to come back and coach. they are just mothers, it's another thing that they get around to doing. melissa barbieri, was the ex—captain of the matildas had and she to do a lot of self—funding to make sure she could continue playing football. it is hard but i think it is getting better but more to progress. in the past, athletes who have now retired said they had to delay having children simply because they said it was too hard at the time. do you think modern athletes will be able to have children whenever they want because there are better
structures inp lace? i think that is definitely the case in some sports. other sports have a little way to go. but it gives them the option. they may be in their prime and they choose to delay it, as a person not having much of a choice. thinking that the only way they can have a child is when i finish everything else. and when you don't want to be an older parent it could be quite challenging but the option and rhe choices the most important thing for any of these women athletes. the first ever beatles record to be played on the radio is being put up for auction. the fully authenticated demo copy of their first single, love me do, will be sold in britain at the end of the month. the record was kept by radio luxembourg's programme director, when he was once asked to slim down the station's record library. it's expected to fetch at least $19000. to italy now, where exceptionally
low tides in venice have left the city's famous canals almost dry. water levels reached a peak of —52 centimetres. this comes only two months after venice faced its worst flooding in more than fifty years. the bbc‘s tim allman reports. what a difference a few weeks can make. the boats and gondolas of venice barely able to stay afloat. a city renowned for being built on the water, now the water has all but disappeared. these canals look more like mud trenches. getting around, a big problem, if how you get around is beached and a romantic journey may not be so easy if you have to get out and push. but this was venice late last year, more than two—thirds of the city underwater. landmarks like st mark's square were flooded. shops and businesses had to close,
and there was a race against time to protect pressures artwork. these were the worst floods venice had seen in half a century. this low tide, while exceptional, is not quite as unprecedented. the tides here mean water levels can vary by around half a metre or sometimes quite a bit more. for the people of venice, life seems to move from one extreme to the other. tim allman, bbc news. and before we go, we'd like to leave you with these pictures from australia. thousands of kilograms of carrots and sweet potatoes have been dropped out out of helicopters in new south wales. it's to try to help endangered animals like the brush—tailed rock—wallabies, struggling to find food in fire—affected areas. experts estimate that more than one billion native animals have been killed or affected by the fires that have ravaged large parts of south eastern australia.
to stay with us. hello. sunday was a pleasant day across many parts of the british isles. a number of rainbows, this one across dartmoor for a time, through the afternoon. but things are going to change really radically. start of the week, very windy, really very wet indeed for a time. the weather coming in from the west to south—west for the greater part of the week so it will be mild though it won't seem like that to start the new day on monday. not many of you scraping the windscreens. temperatures in the range of one to about six, but the reason for the change, a very deep area of low pressure. central pressure around about 940 millibars — that is very deep indeed and that means a lot of wind and that is the first thing you will notice about monday and increasingly through the day out
west, through northern ireland, and then increasingly towards the estern side of scotland, through wales, down into the south—west of england. very wet weather indeed. it takes time before we see that rain over towards the east. a bit of brightness here. you will lose it slowly. 10 degrees or so but it is the strength of the wind that we have to concentrate on. as much as 65 mph out through the irish sea. maybe 70mph up the estern side of the british isles. 45mph increasing to 70mph. and look at this, before the day is done, we could record a gust of wind to 85mph, so that's going to be hugely disruptive to travel plans and it is the sort of day where you might lose the power if a tree comes down in the wrong place. that rain pours away, the low pressure is still there or thereabouts. the wind incessant across the northern part of the british isles through the night. and then here we are on tuesday, a dry enough start for many. showers across the west of scotland. and then another pulse of mild air, bringing rain up and across a good part of england and wales
and northern ireland. as it runs into the cooler air, some hill snow for scotland but notice, 13—14 degrees but again a gusty wind — 50—60mph. we could do with a break by this stage and it comes in the form of wednesday. yes, the wind is still a feature. really squally showers across northern and north—western parts of scotland but, once the rain is away from the south—east, it is a quieter day and a drier day as well, with some sunshine and feeling just that tad fresher. but the thing you will be really pleased about is that the wind will have eased at least for a time, because here we go again on thursday. new set of weather fronts. isobars squeezing up. the wind coming in from the south this time. still plenty of it and some really quite heavy rain, flirting with the western side of the british isles. and then through the day, gradually pulses of rain spreading just that little bit further towards the east. and it is as far ahead as friday before we see the first signs of a little ridge of high pressure moving in from the atlantic
this is bbc news, the headlines: there have been more protests in tehran after the iranian government confirmed it was responsible for the shooting down of a passengerjet last wednesday. demonstrators voiced anger at the blunder, a product of raised tensions following the assassination of general soleimani by the americans. queen elizabeth has attended church near her sandringham estate ahead of talks there on monday on the future roles of prince harry and his wife meghan as they plan to step back as senior members of the royal family. prince charles and prince william will be in attendance. thousands of people have been forced to leave their homes after a volcanic eruption in the philippines. a dramatic release of ash and steam at the taal volcano, south of the philippine capital manila, has reached several kilometres high. and the authorities are warning a further eruption could be imminent.