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tv   Weed 2 Cannabis Madness Dr. Sanjay Gupta  CNN  March 22, 2014 11:00pm-3:01am PDT

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went through. it is not right. it has to be fair.
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>> i remember i was at the gym on the treadmill and i saw a preview. i was just so excited because i knew everything was going to change at that moment. >> they hoped marijuana would rescue vivian from the virtual prison she lives in. where bright lights, loud sounds and patterns can all induce a seizure. that's why she wears that patch on her eye. >> it's everything, all these little stimuli. she can't leave the house. >> vivian and i first played together in her darkened, quiet, very controlled bedroom. it became clear how tremendous a toll this isolation takes on vivian. including vivian's older sister,
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4-year-old adele. >> every day on the way home from school, she wants to stop but we have to be home. >> what would adele say about that? >> she'll say we can't -- when we pass the park, she says those kids are at the park but we can't go to the park because vivian has seizure, and it kills you. >> new york university dr. davinski is vivian's doctor. the wilsons now found themselves in the political cross fire of pot. marijuana was legalized for medicinal use here in jersey right before chris christie took office in january of 2010. it was done by his democratic predecessor.
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but once in office, he blocked the legislation for more than a year. he eventually signed one of the strictest, most limiting medical marijuana bills to date. just six approved stores in the entire state, and perhaps most damaging for vivian, no edible forms of marijuana allowed. which was crucial. the only option then for this 2-year-old would be to inhale it. >> talk to brian wilson. >> protests erupted across the state. and that's why brian wilson took things into his own hands that day in august. >> i have read everything -- >> it became known as the dust-up in the diner. >> i mean, it was all over cnn. it was national news. it was like libya, vivian, it was crazy. >> hi, how are you?
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>> nice to meet you. >> it's a battle these families understand better than anyone. >> there was nothing else to do. >> each of these families wanted medical marijuana for their sick children. they also fought to get it in their home states. but lost. so they moved to colorado where it's legal. desperate and determined, they've become known as medical marijuana refugees. >> i came from arizona. >> we left a lot back in alabama. >> unfortunately he had to break the news to his folks we're not coming back to texas. >> more than 100 families moving to get the marijuana they had seen in our last documentary. it's called charlotte's web, a plant that doesn't get you high but loaded with a chemical called cbd, which seems to help reduce seizure, even when nothing else has worked. it changed charlotte's life. thousands of parents called to ask the growers, josh stanley and his brothers, if it could
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possibly work for their children. >> you tell them potentially it could, nothing is for sure. i said, well, unfortunately you have to move to colorado. >> the reason they have to move to colorado is what? >> because anything that's grown in colorado has to stay in colorado. >> it's the most absurd idea that we would have to do this to get medicine. >> but it's the law. marijuana is illegal federally. even if you're prescribed it legally in a medical marijuana state, even if it works, even if it is your last hope, you're out of luck. you can't carry it across state lines. so for the wilsons, completely uprooting and lives and moving seemed to be the only option to help vivian. >> it's the hardest thing to do. we have all our family here, we have our jobs, so much we had to do. >> but just weeks after the dust-up in the diner, just
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around the time the wilsons allowed us to start filming their story exclusively, we received word that governor christie had eased his stance. eventually the state of new jersey did allow the edible form of marijuana after all. but the wilsons still had another roadblock. they couldn't get their doctors to prescribe it. >> there's a certain level of just fear that you could do more harm than good and until we go through the standard process, you should be conservative. >> and by standard process, he means scientific research. and as you're about to learn, that is nearly impossible to conduct here in the united states. >> it's time to reform the system. >> we love you so much. how fun on the airplane. >> leaving people like the wilsons in a painful and potentially deadly limbo. the exclusive journey to save their daughter when we come
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it's high noon at the dispensary in colorado springs. business is booming at one of the state's largest medical marijuana dispensaries. >> busy day. always a busy day, yes, sir. >> each strain, a different high. each bud, a different benefit. each leaf treating a different ailment. >> did you name any of these?
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>> no, no. >> the names are quirky. but the owner says this is serious medicine. >> how hard is this to do? >> it's tough. it requires persistence, patience and luck. >> this is josh stanley and his five brothers. they're a handsome, well-educated tight nit group, all working together to make millions in colorado's medical marijuana. how have things changed here? >> you're looking at a new crop. this is a never-ending cycle. >> the stanleys sell many different kinds of medical marijuana. high thc strains tend to be the money makers, but they're now famous for growing a less profitable plant called charlotte's web. it's low this thc but high in cbd, the key chemical doctors are using to treat everything from chronic pain to lupus, crohn's disease and epilepsy.
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this is the exact opposite of what people think of when they think of marijuana. >> this won't get you high. >> you can set the whole hippie population of colorado loose on this plant and you're just going to be looking at a bunch of disappointing hippies. >> they've seen this plant change lives. they have a brand new lab, manned with scientists who are turning their plants into medicines. brother joel stanley is in charge of that part of the business. >> it wasn't a world that i knew, so we kind of had to dive into this and learn how to make plant extracts. >> joel was reluctant at first to get involved. he avoided marijuana most of his life. but the spring of 2009, he was working in texas on the oil
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fields when his oldest brother, josh, asked him to join the new family business. >> and i laughed because i thought it was just a foot in the door to legalization. i didn't think it was medicinal. the first three patients i met were cancer patients who looked me in the eye and told me if they didn't have the anti-nausea effects and the appetite stimulant and the help sleeping that they wouldn't have survived chemo therapy, and i believed them. >> that was your time of conversion? >> that was my turning point. >> and now on this mountainside, they expect to grow more than 1,000 pounds of medical marijuana in 2014. some is sold to smoke. some is sold as an oil to ingest. >> so what we're talking about is literally taking this and turning it into this? >> that's right. >> the scientists here, some of whom worked at major pharmaceutical companies, are focused on both making the medications and maintaining
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strict quality control. >> we can test for pesticides, we can test for molds, mildews, residual solvents. >> testing for contamination. one of the biggest hurdles to creating a safe product. recent studies on the contamination on medical marijuana are alarming. one paper showed pesticide residue as high as 69% in a batch of medical marijuana. it's one of the things that concerns main stream doctors about medical marijuana, safety, as well as uniformity and reliability. >> the major issue that physicians have is in the consistency of the product. how do you know what the person is getting? and the answer is, we don't. >> neurologist dr. edward mau is the chief of denver's epilepsy program, one of several doctors researching the stanley's marijuana after hearing about its dramatic results. >> my ears perked up.
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maybe this is something we should be investigating. >> for years, he steered clear of cannabis because the government classified it as illegal. but when he recently surveyed his own patients, 33% of them were already using medical marijuana. >> i was just shocked how many people were using it. >> what did you expect before you got those numbers back? >> i was guessing maybe 5, 10%. >> that is part of the problem. medical marijuana patients have self-medicated for years, anxious to get relief but with very little guy dance how to do so. that's something that concerns the wilsons. >> these are just people who have connections. >> by early october 2013, there was only one dispensary open in the entire state. they don't sell a high cbd strain. the wilsons believe it could be at least a year before they will.
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that's a year vivian might not have. >> every seizure does damage to her brain, her body. how much longer do we wait? >> they've got to do something. not ready to move, they want to still try it. they're going to leave their familiar neighborhood behind to see firsthand if the marijuana they've heard so much about could help vivian. >> do you think this is going to work? >> for me it has to work. because if it doesn't, i don't know where that leaves us. >> just days later, vivian wilson gets ready for the trip of a lifetime, a trip filled with danger since all the stimulation would induce seizure high up in the sky. vivian's future and life is on the line.
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♪ i love you so much. have fun on the airplane. >> it was a trip that began with a tearful, anxious departure. and fear for vivian's fragile health. she suffers from life-threatening seizure. so much worry, yet this part of their journey was surprisingly smooth. with their grandmother and father by her side, vivian was seizure free. the long plane ride from new jersey to colorado ends with a warm welcome. >> hi, precious. >> vivian is finally going to try medical marijuana, cannabis, and the stanley brothers have been working hard to get it ready. but just an hour after her warm welcome. >> hi, precious. >> vivian is finally going to try medical marijuana, cannabis, and the stanley brothers have been working hard to get it
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ready. but just an hour after her arrival -- >> brian, brian, she's going with her face. >> she's seizing. >> vivian starts having seizure, one after the other. brian rushes to get her anti-seizure medication. it's hard on vivian and on brian, and some of his doubts start to rush back in. >> it's always stressful wherever we go. i have all faith that this is going to work, but with anything you try, there's that nagging suspicion we're going to be the ones it doesn't work for. >> despite the rough night, the next morning begins with hope that relief is in sight. to meet the strict state standards, brian establishes residency in colorado by renting a small apartment. vivian meets with two doctors for a thorough physical.
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>> how many seizure per day? >> both doctors approve her need for cannabis and write recommendations for medical marijuana to treat her epilepsy. >> it went good? >> yeah. >> by sunset, they're ready. little vivian has no idea of what's about to happen. >> that's it, right there, a tiny amount of oil squirted into her mouth. >> good job, sweetheart. >> now they just watch and wait. over the next 24 hours, vivian's seizure slowly decrease. >> how is she doing? >> she's doing really good. >> to celebrate, a family picnic, outside filled with activity. balloons with patterns, decorations, and lots of sunlight.
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any of these things could have previously induced a seizure. it's an emotional moment for a dad, watching his daughter finally have freedom. >> she used to be able to do this outside, but not -- this is -- yeah. >> brian believes the marijuana is working. but as you're about to see, vivian is by no means cured. after an hour in the direct sun, vivian has a seizure. brian rushes to inject the drugs that will stop the seizure and places an oxygen mask on in case those same drugs stop vivian from breathing. >> we fished it. >> now with the epilepsy rescue drugs still in her system, you can see just for yourself how
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powerful they are. >> she's absolutely doped up right now. watch her trying to walk or do anything. >> this is difficult to watch, but it does raise this important point. the traditional drugs used to treat epilepsy can be more dangerous than cannabis. vivian's doctor. >> i think one of the reasons marijuana is probably safe is it's related to the cannabidiol receptors. if you have too much stimulation or inhibition of them, they don't shut off breathing or respiration. >> and that's key. they can essentially shut off the body's vital function it is you take too much. marijuana does not do that. and that's why it's virtually unheard of to have a marijuana overdose. it's one of the reasons so many doctors are starting to change their minds on cannabis.
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but we are talking about children, young children. and that's going to understandably raise concerns. the latest research shows some strains of marijuana do have a profound effect on the brains of users under the age of 25. >> thc in some good studies have been linked to psychiatric disorders, memory disorders in children under 16. there may be long-term side effects. >> what are you worried about the most in the long run? >> the fact that we don't understand the long-term effects of this medication in brain development. >> these are tough choices, made even tougher when you uproot your whole life for marijuana. >> i do a lot of fund-raising and get a lot of friend's help to get us here. >> they come from all walks of life. a stay at home mom from ohio. an insurance salesman from alabama. a nurse practitioner from
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florida. >> it's exciting to think about the opportunity for her, i mean, to hold her head up, look at us and say mom, dad. >> but now, they're trapped. >> you can't take the medicine back to florida, can you? >> no. they would take my child away. that's my fear. >> they would take your child away forgiving him his medicine? >> yeah. >> this is the problem between the federal and state level. this conflict is really driving families apart. >> that's just crazy. >> it's absolutely crazy. i try not to think of it at this point and just try to get stop quick results in vivian so we know this is the path to continue on. >> over the next couple of days, they see some startling results. vivian goes from 75 seizures a day to just 10. the wilsons are now more convinced than ever they have to keep vivian on marijuana. but how?
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financially, they aren't ready to move here full-time. and yet new jersey doesn't have the resources to grow what they need. so as they head home, they don't know what the future holds. >> we're just going to have to hope for the best in the meantime. >> they hope would lie with a brand new pharmaceutical, from these top secret fields overseas. an exclusive look inside when we come back. so our business can be on at&t's network for $175 a month?
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makes medicines from the actual marijuana plant. now, although this is done with the express permission of the uk government, we did have to sign confidentiality agreements and cannot disclose exactly where we're going to be located. you see, marijuana is illegal in just about every part of this country, except for the secret labs we're about to enter. >> wow! this is pretty spectacular. are you used to the smell? >> i'm not particularly partial to the smell. >> if you had smellevision on your tv, you would be overpowered by now. it's a lot of pot. this greenhouse is the size of a football field, and they have several more just like it throughout the united kingdom. the lighting, temperature, humidity, all monitored by a top
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secret central computer that keeps those conditions constant. and there are dozens of scientists regularly tending the plants. this is probably the most tlc for a weed i've ever heard of. >> one would hope so. >> dr. jeffrey guy says it has to be this way, because they're trying to do something no other pharmaceutical company in the world is attempting -- turning the actual marijuana plant into a prescription drug. >> when you look out at all of this, what comes to your mind? >> i look at this, and i think we can make generations of medicines over the next 25, 30 years. >> medicines for illnesses like alzheimer's, diabetes and epilepsy, autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis and crone's. those are the cannabinoids. >> each one represents a potential new medicine for us.
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we can then breed into the plant the materials that will provide us with a range of beneficial effects. >> designer cannabis plants are then reduced to a whole plant extract, and that's crucial according to the grand daddy of all marijuana research, israel's dr. mashula. >> when they've tried to make drugs using certain compounds from marijuana, it's met with limited success. why is it when you take certain compounds out and try to make a drug, it doesn't seem to work as well? >> well, one of the reasons possibly is because the thc works better when cannabidiol is there. so if you have both, it works better. >> he calls it the entourage effect, and that's what gw is doing. every extract will have all the plant's chemicals in it. the extract is then packaged as
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an approved prescription spray. to increase the chances of getting that approval, every step from growing to harvesting to manufacturing is all carefully controlled, regulated and rigorously tested to strict standards, to every plant, every dose is identical, safe and effective. it is an expensive and it is an expensive and painstakingly slow process. it's taken hundreds of millions of dollars and a decade to develop their first drug for the pain and spasms brought on my multiple sclerosis. as a neuro surgeon myself, i was curious how well this medicine could work. theresa pointer was diagnosed with ms in february of 2004. for years she struggled with pain and exhaustion. she tried just about everything, but found the drugs prescribed to her were ineffective or had
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awful side effects. but one day in 2005, she read in the newspaper about clinical trials for a marijuana based medicine. have you ever tried cannabis? >> no, no. ever since i was a little girl, my mum had always said to me don't do drugs, don't do drugs. >> but nearly wheelchair bound, she tried it, a spray to the back of her throat several times a day, even once during our interview. her pain and muscle spasms are now well controlled. >> just the relief to be able to have a couple of sprays before i go to bed and feel comfortable enough to just go to sleep. >> the risk of side effects are pretty law. >> dr. ely silbur describes it for his patients. >> some people feel slightly tired with it. >> but according to studies, only 6% patients stopped taking the drug because of the side
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effects. more than 50% did get relief and continued on the drug. all of that makes it a potentially powerful medicine for the 2.3 million ms sufferers worldwide. it's now available in 25 down tris but not the united states, where it's still under investigation. why so much more stringent in the united states? >> i think there is a greater level of rigor at all levels of regulations in the u.s. >> like any drug in the united states, cannabis would have to go through rigorous testing, research and approval by the fda. but after that, things start to get tricky. marijuana also needs the approval of other government agencies like the national institutes of health and the drug enforcement agency. this is, of course, difficult, if not possible. why? because in the united states, marijuana is illegal and classified by the government as a schedule one controlled substance. that means it's considered to be among the most addictive drugs and not recognized as having any medicinal benefit. >> the irony is that the federal government has patented one of the important chemicals in the plant. >> the government of the united states has a patent on a substance for medicinal purposes at the same time they say it has no medicinal purposes? >> exactly. >> he's talking about patent number 6630507, held by the u.s. depth of health and human services for the exclusive use of cannabinoids for the use of certain treatments. >> i was stunned that the federal government is sitting on this wonderful thing, and not letting anybody else do anything with it. >> when we went to the government to ask about it, none of the agents in
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and man abuse, the ver vivian. a schedule one controlled substance. that means it's considered to be among the most addictive drugs and not recognized as having any medicinal benefit. that's why one i'm about to tell you is so ironic. >> the irony is that the federal government has patented one of the important chemicals in the plant. >> the government of the united states has a patent on a substance for medicinal purposes at the same time they say it has no medicinal purposes? >> exactly. >> researcher dr. michael bostwick is talking about patent number 6630507, held by the u.s. depth of health and human services for the exclusive use of cannabinoids for the use of certain treatments. >> i was stunned and it felt like a dog in the manger that the federal government is sitting on this wonderful thing, and not letting anybody else do anything with it. >> when we went to the government to ask about it, none
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of the agents involved would comment. >> we're being handcuffed by the government. >> in fact, a 2013 search through the u.s. national library of medicined revealed 2,000 papers on marijuana. but the majority of them explored the harm, only 6% investigated the benefits. many believe that's the result of a draconian system gone awry, resulting in marijuana becoming one of the country's most controlled substances. and many people believe that has to change. but it was one of the experts calling for that change that surprised me the most. dr. norah volkov. she is the director of the national institute on drug abuse, the very agency that many say has blocked a good deal of the cannabis research. >> if the researchers feel this is an impediment to them doing scientific work, this is something that should be addressed. >> on the front lines of that battle, the son of a political dynasty. coming up, how this anti-drug
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crusader is fighting to get cannabis drugs to patients like vivian. ♪
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adele, can you put some shoes on? >> it's early november 2013 at the wilson home. just a few days earlier, vivian's parents were surprised by a call from one of the only two dispensaries currently open in the state of new jersey. they stay they have a strain of cannabis low in psycho active
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thc and high this therapeutic cbd. after a year of fighting governor chris christie, and then months searching for doctors to prescribe cannabis, the wilsons are finally getting marijuana in their hometown. once they pick up the cannabis at the dispensary, they're confused. >> it's 0.13% thc and 0.13% cbd? >> this isn't like picking up a standard prescription. there are no standard doses or federal guidelines. >> that's the one you want. >> they leave uncertain, not knowing exactly what they're getting. and here's another problem, what they get at the dispensary are leaves that vivian can't use. >> how many grams are we going to use? >> it's up to her parents to make medicine out of those
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leaves. for that, they're used this glorified crock pot to activate the plant and turn it into an oil. >> once we have oil, we don't know what the ratio is, because it's not going to be what this says, because it just went through this heating process. >> it's trial and error. something we heard from so many medical marijuana patients. >> i do a mixture of thc, cbn and cbd. >> frank had to experiment with many different strains of marijuana to find the right kind to treat his chronic pain and arthritis from an old football injury. >> i have extreme pain in my knee. my body is exhausted, my knee is going to be sore, maybe swelling on the joint, maybe i'll sit down and smoke some flower. >> prescribed painkillers made him sick, so he was desperate to try something new. >> within 15, 20 seconds, the pain just went away, it was gone, absolutely exited the body. >> turns out the most common use for medical marijuana is pain. early studies shows that marijuana reduces inflammation and can provide a buffer against
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pain. but according to dr. margaret geddie, there is no one step standard cannabis treatment for pain. >> so patients are kind of let loose in the sense that they have to try things and find out which strain works. >> frank now works in the stanley's lab, where he helps to make the medicines he takes morning, noon and night. a variety of different stains. he says his pain is gone and he functions well. it's a mix that works for him. >> is it risky? there are some risks if you don't know your baseline that you can ingest. if you ingest too much, you can pass out. >> some people i've heard have people that followed recipes and have had children taken to the emergency rooms psychotic from the marijuana. >> that's why he feels job number one is to make marijuana safe, reliable and effective. one way to do that is through research, which is why since the
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summer of 2013 he's been trying to begin the first-ever united states research trial on the new epilepsy drug. but the hurdles have been insurmountable. >> if you're looking at the potential medicinal benefits, it's very hard to get funding. >> after many months, he was able to secure funding and approval from his hospital, new york university. but getting the government to sign off was nearly impossible. one of their biggest issues was security. >> so as part of this, you had to have this put in a safe? >> this is new and only for this >> a 1200 pound safe. and even with that, he's still
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waiting for final federal approval. >> the failure of the federal government through its regulatory arms, dea, fda and the like, has led to a public health debacle. >> patrick kennedy, with his deep political connections and famous name, is pushing the feds to fast track cannabis research. >> they ought to get at it quickly. the fda and the federal government, they ought to just get it done. we just need a greater urgency to this issue overall. >> it's a bold statement for kennedy. a recovering addict who's been outspoken that making medical marijuana legal in any way is dangerous. that more children will be able to access it and more smokers will become addicted it to. now he thinks the only way to remove that risk is to have all medical marijuana products federally regulated, rigorously studied and strictly controlled.
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>> i think making this truly a medicine as opposed to forcing people to go on the street and try to buy something that they can't determine whether it is what it says it is. >> but he understands why sick patients want marijuana now. remember his father, ted kennedy, died of brain cancer and his brother lost his leg to cancer. >> i wouldn't have begrudged any member of my family with cancer, and they've all had cancer, anything that would have mitigated the chemo therapy. >> it's why he's meeting with everyone, from the fda to the white house, to speed things up. but it takes time. time the wilsons don't have. they're finally going to try their new homemade cannabis oil. >> we weren't able to get it tested or anything, so we have no idea what it is, which is why we have to be really cautious. >> behind closed doors, brian tries it to make sure he doesn't get high.
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he doesn't. so vivian is next. it doesn't work. nothing in new jersey seems to work for them. vivian's seizures won't stop. is moving the only option left for the wilsons? ♪ the wilson's optimism is fading as fast as the falling february rain. they've rented their house, [ s] shhhh! i have a cold with this annoying runny nose. [ sniffles ] i better take something. [ male announcer ] dayquil cold and flu doesn't treat all that. it doesn't? [ male announcer ] alka-seltzer plus fights your worst cold symptoms plus has a fast-acting antihistamine. oh, what a relief it is! plus has a fast-acting antihistamine. ♪ led to the one jobhing you always wanted. at university of phoenix, we believe every education- not just ours- should be built around the career that you want.
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february rain. they've rented their house, packed up their lives, finally headed to colorado. >> we figured there would be a way to make it work. > it's crazy. just crazy that the program is such a failure. >> that's vivian's nurse screaming for help. vivian is helping a bad seizure. >> i know. did it hurt? >> she's gotten these welts. she's having afternoon seizures. something's not right. >> it would be one of vivian's last seizures in this home. soon after, a house once filled with life, is empty. the wilsons are leaving everything behind. >> bye, eyeless snowman. >> when you look at some of these situations, families uprooting their lives and moving to colorado, what goes through
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your mind? >> i think it's a strange point we have that these people can't get access for the most severe cases to something that might be very helpful for their child and might be potentially life saving for their child. >> something davinski is hoping to change. he's gotten the government green light to start research on a cannabis based epilepsy drug. it's too late for vivian. but not for hundreds of children in the trials. >> it's exciting to be at this point in medicine where we're going to hopefully get some answers about a drug that's been part of our specie's history for thousands of years. >> but those answers won't come immediately. in the meantime, the stanleys aren't slowing down. they finally succeeded in getting charlotte's web out of colorado and into the hands of patients in california.
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>> you got your medicine. >> how about splitting families up. >> now the brothers have their sights set nationally. in states like oklahoma. >> don't make them pick up and have to move to a state like colorado. >> in fact, 15 more states are considering legalizing medical marijuana. >> there are other people in this room who need the immediate gratification of that drug. >> the ever-growing support of main stream medicine doesn't hurt. in a recent poll of nearly 2,000 doctors, 76% said they're in favor of using medical marijuana for a needy patient. now six medical marijuana states have expanded their laws to allow card carrying patients to bring cannabis medicine into their home state. yet unfortunately for the wilsons, new jersey is not one of them. >> it will not happen on my watch, ever. i am done expanding the medical marijuana program. >> literally the same hour he said that, our friend's daughter
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was taken off a ventilator after a 26-hour seizure. >> 15 months old. >> and you're like, yeah, that could be vivian, you know? >> tuesday, february 25th, denver, colorado. brian is setting up house, unpacking boxes, picking up a two-month supply of vivian's new cannabis medicine. >> $667.37 for the total. >> everything is in place when they arrive a few days later. after settling in, vivian's ready for her first dose. >> this is it, huh? >> yeah. >> it's been a long road. >> it really has. >> she's a little tired, but ready. >> the first of many doses, the beginning of a new life. >> i am so happy with this neighborhood, and i needed something to make this really positive.
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i needed to be somewhere that i was going to absolutely love. >> and create new memories. yet there's always the constant reminder of everything they left behind. >> we're stuck here. vivian can't leave this state as things stand now. >> right. she can't cross any boarders. and the grandparents aren't going to see their grandchildren much, and it's really sad. >> in the midst of the sadness, a realization that the sacrifice might have meaning. >> was this a battle that was won? >> clearly we're here now. vivian does not have what she needs in new jersey, so in that respect we didn't win. but there's a conversation going on and people are talking about medical marijuana a lot more. >> how great! >> and for the wilsons, other patients and dedicated scientists, all who believe this plant might be able to change lives, that is a victory. -- captions by vitac --
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i started seeing what the lies were. >> and the case begins to
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unravel. >> there are those that have a hidden agenda. >> is it a fair trial? >> corruption is the theme of the day almost. >> there was no way i would let this case go. >> there's a body in the water. murdered. >> many people proclaim their innocence. >> in this case there are a number of things that stink. >> the electric chair flashed in front of my eyes. >> get a conviction at all costs. let the truth fall where it may. >> good evening. welcome to carolina. tonight we're coming to you from the city of greenwood, a diverse city and one that has the distinction of having the widest main street in the world. >> greenwood is a very small community. everybody seems to know everybody.
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we're related to everybody here. it is very tight knit. so when the news came out about this horrendous murder, it was devastating. >> on a cold monday morning in 1982, the bruised and beaten body of 75-year-old dorothy edwards was discovered in this upscale home. >> dorothy edwards, she was just a loved woman in the community, and she had been horribly killed. >> dorothy was known as a graceful and charming woman with a beautiful singing voice and a wonderful sense of humor. [ sirens ] >> the next door neighbor, mr. holloway had noticed a couple of newspapers that had piled up, and he went over to check on her. >> on january 19th, 1982, inside the home holloway told police he found signs of struggle everywhere, a heavy glass ashtray shattered on the living room floor, a pair of bloody ice
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tongs. dorothy edwards was found dead in her closet. >> the brutality of the crime scene, the blood, the way the body was and the stab wounds postmortem, it was just totally unbelievable. >> dorothy's body had 52 wounds, 11 broken ribs and abrasions on her vagina. >> the state forensic team gathered what evidence was inside the home. hair samples were found on the bed. blood in various places. outside there were some fingerprints. >> a crime scene wiped clean of fingerprints, police believe the killer made a mistake, a thumbprint found on the back door. dorothy's neighbor james holloway told police that edward lee elmore, a 23-year-old handyman worked for dorothy from time to time.
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although elmore had never been convicted of a felony, police matched his fingerprints from other misdemeanor arrests and issued a warrant to bring him in, accusing him of murder and rape, among lesser charges. greenwood police went looking for elmore 36 hours after dorothy's body was found. >> i was working second shift with the detective division and the call came in saying the suspect was at his girlfriend mary's apartment. i went up and knocked on the door. >> the encounter was not what detective vandenburgh expected. >> i told them that we had a warrant for his arrest. and i told him it was for murder. his demeanor at that time was so nonchalant. oh, okay. which is totally out of context for anybody i've ever dealt with before in a situation like that.
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no outburst or violent behavior. just like oh, well. >> police took hair and blood samples and placed them in the county jailhouse. even elmore's public defender had doubts about his innocence. >> many people will proclaim constantly their innocence and i cannot remember mr. elmore vociferously proclaiming his innocence. and i got the feeling that there might be something for him to hide. >> elmore's case came to trial only 82 days after his arrest. prosecutors say dorothy had been killed saturday night when elmore was alone and had no alibi. >> you want to find out whether or not mr. elmore had any alibis. and we found none. and mr. elmore, he was not very cooperative. he wouldn't hardly talk to me. >> police found small spots of blood matching dorothy's blood type on elmore's pants and shoes. >> back in the '80s, dna analysis had not been developed. when dna was available, it came
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back positive that it was the victim's blood. >> prosecutors also told the jury that dozens of elmore's pubic hairs were found on dorothy's bed. and finally, prosecutors presented james gilliam, a prison inmate who claimed to hear elmore confess while he was in jail. >> that came out of nowhere. that just rocked me. mr. rockmore told gilliam that i went down there and robbed that lady, and she started screaming and i killed her. that was the lynchpin. >> the jury took less than five hours to reach a verdict. elmore was convicted and sentenced to death. but the conviction was overturned on appeal. >> there was one juror who was reluctant to impose the death penalty. and the trial judge went into the jury room and put pressure on the holdout juror to impose the death sentence.
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>> a new trial was ordered. same prosecutor, same defense attorneys, same outcome. a third trial was held to reconsider the sentence and again, the decision was unanimous. 36 jurors had determined that edward elmore should be put to death. ♪ 11 years later, a 34-year-old law student named diana holt came to the south carolina death penalty resource center as a summer intern. one of her first assignments was reviewing elmore's case. >> the first time i saw the name, i was reading through the transcript. >> diana started having suspicions that elmore's trials weren't fair. she was troubled that there were no expert witnesses and rarely challenged any of the prosecution's evidence. diana knew that a competent defense was grounds for an appeal.
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>> i felt like there was something wrong. i needed to meet eddie and give him an eyeball up and down. size him up. >> and who she met wasn't what he expected. >> meeting him, it is just the biggest, sweetest smile, and he is so docile and gentle and quiet and happy. happy. how is he on death row and happy? it just didn't make any sense. there was no way i was going to let elmore's case go. save you fifteen percent or more on car insurance.ould yep, everybody knows that.
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♪ lord i've started to walk in the light ♪
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>> will you trust god no matter how bad it looks. it's not bad as it seems because god is still in control. >> bishop emmanuel spearman was pastor to edward lee elmore, the man accused of murdering dr. dorothy edwards. >> i have come to know edward in the late '70s. i pastored his home church. and his mother and i were best of friends. they didn't have a whole lot. >> one of 11 siblings, elmore's father was killed by a hit-and-run driver when elmore was 2. he grew up in dire poverty. >> he had a low i.q. i was a special ed teacher so i knew that he was slow. when i went to greenwood jail and i spoke with him, he really didn't know why he was there. and that bothered me.
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>> a hard worker, elmore got by on odd jobs like cleaning gutters and washing windows, including for dorothy edwards. when dorothy was murdered, age old fears and recrimination surfaced in the community. >> i know race plays a role when it comes to the justice system. here in greenwood, there are those who still have their agenda, but it's a hidden agenda. >> i'm positive that race played in edward lee elmore's trials. make no mistake, i think that was because he was the black guy that they say killed an older white woman. >> searching through elmore's original trial, diana found potential grounds for appeal. her first target was public defender geddes anderson who seemed utterly unprepared to take on the case. >> i asked him, when did you start working on the case? eight days before the trail began.
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that's zero time. you can't even read all of the evidence and assess it and crunch it. >> in retrospect perhaps i should have asked for more time. i never have proclaimed to be the best lawyer that ever graced the courtroom. >> overworked and underpaid, mr. anderson also had a reputation as a drinker. >> that's fair. that's a fair accusation. i have had certain, i guess you could say problems with it but i can say this categorically. i was totally clear headed and not drinking during those trials. everyone of them. but on the other hand, you know, i would go out on occasion. i'm not as bad as i used to be. >> in contrast, william t. jones iii, known as willie t., was considered a master of the courtroom. >> willie t.'s track record spoke for itself.
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he lost very few. he was very dramatic. i've seen that man cry in front of the jury. mr. jones in the courtroom could probably outperform sir lawrence olivier. let's put it that way. >> he could overpower you, overcontrol you, and he was not beyond saying things that he couldn't prove if they weren't challenged. >> early in the first trial, anderson challenged jones by objecting that a single thumbprint was not enough to arrest elmore. >> in order to obtain an arrest warrant, the police obtain an upside down thumbprint on the back outside door frame. that's exactly consistent with cleaning the windows. cleaning the door. that is not probable cause in anywhere else in america that i'm aware of. but willie t. said, oh, well i'm glad you brought that up. the forensic pathologist let us know that she had located negroid pubic hairs on the victim's chest and abdomen.
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the defense shut their mouths and sat down. >> if elmore's hair had in fact been found on the body, this was a new and explosive claim, a claim that went unchallenged by geddes anderson. >> did you ask to see that evidence? >> you would have to look at the transcript to see. i don't know if i did or not. >> according to the transcript, you did not ask to see that evidence. why would you not have asked to see that evidence? it seems like pretty important. >> well, i don't know how to answer that. i guess you'll have to take some nonanswer to that question. >> mysteriously, the pubic hair willie t. said was found on dorothy's body was never entered into evidence. as opposed to the hairs on the body, a separate group of 49 pubic hairs said to be found on dorothy's bed also raised diana's doubts. >> a lot of people saw the some 49 pubic hairs allegedly collected from the victim's bed as the most damaging evidence against mr. elmore.
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but this item of evidence was a plain baggy like put your kids' sandwiches in when you're packing their school lunch. not sealed with red evidence tape that says evidence, do not tamper. this did not have that on there. >> evidence the bag contained 49 hairs. a number diana found suspiciously close to the number of hairs police pulled from elmore after his arrest. >> there was from what i understand about, 50 to 60 hairs that were collected, either being combed or pulled. >> but if elmore's hair had been found at the crime scene of the nearly 100 crime scene photographs, not a single photo showed hairs on the bed. >> any kind of evidence you collect at a crime scene, the first thing you do is photograph it.
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>> there was no pictures of the hair on the bed. there was pictures of everything except the most crucial evidence in the case. so it became obvious to me something wasn't quite right. >> the only photo of the bed shows it covered with police camera equipment, contaminating any evidence. the question became, where did the hairs in the baggy come from? >> there was no question they pulled those hairs from his body. they pulled a lot of them. and i don't think they were ever on the bed. i believe it was planted. >> diana was starting to see a pattern. >> there was all this ineffective assistance of counsel. there was no basis for probable cause to arrest mr. elmore anyway, and there was no list of negroid pubic hairs in the police inventory. there was no item like that. >> as diana dug deep entire the case, a new suspect began to emerge. she thought the next door neighbor who discovered dorothy's body had acted suspiciously. >> really? he put his gloves on before he went to open the door? that grabbed me right away.
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in order to get a new trial for edward lee elmore, diana needed to find grounds to appeal when she finally read what elmore said in the original trial, she felt more determined than ever to fight back. >> i started reading eddie's testimony and it got me, yeah. and the more it went along, the more it got me. >> i remember when he was cross examining. because for a long time, edward didn't say anything or testify. he just sat there as if, why am i here?
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why i am a going through this? >> you want this court to believe you're always this quiet, don't you? >> well, sir, you asked me something, i answered. >> you want them to believe you're real quiet and polite. yes, sir, no, sir. isn't that right? >> no, sir. >> edward didn't understand what he was talking about. he didn't understand how to defend himself or what to say. >> why did you hit her with this ashtray? >> i didn't hit her with it. >> why did you stick her with this knife? >> i didn't stick her with no knife, sir. >> tell us how it felt when she reached down and jerked these pubic hairs out of you. it hurt, didn't it? >> she didn't jerk them off me. i was not there. >> she tried to get off the bed and get out of there. >> i was not there. >> and you caught her and started pounding her with your fist. >> no, sir. >> stomach and all. >> no, sir. >> did you kick her? >> no, sir. i wasn't there. >> that's all i have to ask you. >> in his closing argument to the jury, willie t. portrayed elmore as a sadistic killer who tortured his victim before beating her to death. but diana thought that the depiction of elmore was highly prejudicial and the evidence riddled with holes. she also thought elmore had done well under the circumstances. >> even under withering prosecution by brilliant willie t., mr. elmore said what he always said, i didn't do it. >> in order to solve the mystery of who did murder dorothy
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edwards, diana began looking for alternate suspects and she found one in the neighbor who discovered the body, james she also thought elmore had done well under the circumstances. >> even under withering prosecution by brilliant willie t., mr. elmore said what he always said, i didn't do it. >> in order to solve the mystery of who did murder dorothy edwards, diana began looking for alternate suspects and she found one in the neighbor who discovered the body, james holloway. >> i read the testimony of james holloway and my head just about spun off my little spindly neck. wow! >> holloway had spent an unusually long period of time at the crime scene before calling the police.
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>> he goes inside dorothy edwards' house. he sees that wall of blood for the first time, but he doesn't call police. he decides that he is going to go to the other side neighbor and get her to come in the house with him. so he is at the closet door again and he decides to put gloves on. and then opens the door and lo and behold, there she was. really? he put his gloves on before he went to open the door? >> diana was also suspicious that holloway immediately told police who the perpetrator could be. >> he told law enforcement, you know, there was a boy here a couple weeks back who washed her windows. and if you get me her checkbook, i can get his name for you. and that was edward lee elmore. that boy. >> even more surprising was that the police allowed holloway, a possible suspect, to clean the crime scene the day after dorothy's body was found. >> law enforcement turned the crime scene over to jimmy holloway to clean up. he could do whatever he wanted in there. there was no law enforcement presence watching what happened. there was no preservation of the crime scene. >> diana needed answers so she drove 90 miles to greenwood, south carolina, and showed up unannounced at james holloway's front door. >> mrs. holloway answered the door. she led me into the den and he was sitting on his big overstuffed recliner. so i introduced myself, and he proceeded to tell me, well, you know, really, the only one who could kill her and get away with it was me, the way she trusted
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possible suspect, to clean the crime scene the day after dorothy's body was found. >> law enforcement turned the crime scene over to jimmy holloway to clean up. he could do whatever he wanted in there. there was no law enforcement presence watching what happened. there was no preservation of the crime scene. >> diana needed answers so she drove 90 miles to greenwood, south carolina, and showed up unannounced at james holloway's front door. >> mrs. holloway answered the door. she led me into the den and he was sitting on his big overstuffed recliner. so i introduced myself, and he proceeded to tell me, well, you know, really, the only one who could kill her and get away with it was me, the way she trusted me. that was one of the toughest moments in my career of not reacting. holy -- he also told me that law enforcement suspected him because all of the neighbors had told law enforcement that he and dorothy had been having an
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affair for the last 30 years. he told me that dorothy was supposed to go out of town that weekend because she claim this guy in tryon, north carolina was going to propose to her that weekend. but somehow she did not get to go on that trip to north carolina that weekend. >> diana realized if holloway was having an affair with dorothy, the motive could be jealous. and holloway's detailed description of what might have happened also raised a red flag for diana. >> he then starts telling me the story of what happened in her house, as though he were an eyewitness. she was just sitting there on her settee watching tv. he came in and he started on her. it took her a good 20 minutes to die. he just went on.
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and you didn't -- and there wasn't any nudging or prompting. he was relishing talking about all of the things. it was a gully washer of dumbfoundedness that day. >> diana's suspicions about james holloway were never pursued. he passed away in 1994. >> by 1995, elmore had been on death row for more than 13 years. and he had seen many of his fellow inmates put to death. elmore's survival would now depend on diana getting him a new trial. she would start 98 days after passing her bar exam. by 1995, diana was ready to present evidence pointing to edward elmore's innocence to a state court in south carolina. the goal was to get a new trial for elmore. diana would be joined by chris
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by 1995, diana was ready to present evidence pointing to edward elmore's innocence to a state court in south carolina. the goal was to get a new trial for elmore. diana would be joined by chris jensen for what would be her first hearing as a lawyer. >> she was very fierce. she had not the slightest doubt about eddie elmore's innocence. she was determined to make sure that i did my job. >> the state was represented by donald zelenka, who reportedly
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once argued that women who had abortions in the third trimester could be executed for murder. and elmore's fate would be decided by judge ernest kinard. one of the first witnesses called was james gilliam, the inmate who said elmore confessed to him in jail. but in the small town of greenwood, both elmore and gilliam new bishop spearman. and before the hearing, gilliam told spearman the truth. >> james gilliam and i go back i guess all our life. one night he called me and he told me i lied and my conscience is bothering me. >> gilliam said he made a deal with the prosecutor to testify against elmore in exchange for release from prison. but with elmore facing the electric chair, he felt bad what he had done. >> i said james, make it right. and i got excited. i felt like once this comes out
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that ed would be free. >> gilliam said the testimony that i gave in these prior trials was false. that he made up this story to try to get better treatment for himself on his criminal sentence. >> gilliam would go on to state that the only thing elmore had ever said was that he didn't kill dorothy edwards. but diana's team also felt they needed to refute dorothy edwards' time of death which the medical examiner had placed on saturday night during the only hours elmore had no alibi. diana hired forensic expert jonathan arden. >> in my opinion the victim died in the early afternoon on sunday. that time frame makes sense with the rigor mortis, the lack of decomposition. but when the state medical examiner was asked, why did you
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recommend the time of death be 65 hours prior to the time of discovery, given all the evidence of the rigor mortis, the lack of decomposition, she said under oath, because that's when they told me. the police told me that's when they thought it happened. >> but even with all the evidence in elmore's favor, diana and jensen knew the biggest hurdle would be explaining the blood on elmore's pants to the court. >> blood that was supposedly found on pants and shoes matched the blood type of mrs. edwards. and this was very difficult testimony to rebut. >> as jensen cross-examined the state's blood evidence, diana went through the testimony and
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made a key discovery. evidence lists showed elmore's pants had passed through eight different people before the trial. >> i jumped out of my chair. i start whispering to chris jensen, ask him what this means and who these people are and what that is supposed to represent. >> one name on the list jumped out at diana. thomas henderson was a state police agent who grew up across the street from dorothy edwards and james holloway and was friendly with both. >> tom henderson had nothing to do with forensic investigation at all. nothing. he wasn't supposed to be involved in the case anyway because these were people he knew his whole life long. >> there was really no reason for him to have removed these
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things from the laboratory. we were arguing that this evidence had in all likelihood i had really expected that he would grant relief because they had presented a compelling case of mr. elmore's innocence. >> diana was discovering that proving mr. elmore's innocence was not enough. to get a new trial, elmore's team would have to prove that elmore's constitutional rights had been violated. >> a person can be innocent but as long as they get a fair trial, that's all they're entitled to. well, that begs the question. is it a fair trial if somebody has lied? >> diana's team immediately appealed judge kinard's decision to the south carolina supreme court. but in the meantime, the state prosecutor, donald zelenka had discovered that diana had a secret that if exposed could destroy her career and damage
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elmore's case. he would soon call her to a deposition. >> donald zelenka asked have you ever done anything in the course of your life that would reflect poorly on the legal profession? and i said yes.
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while edward lee elmore sat on death row, waiting for his appeal to move forward, diana holt took on other death penalty cases. in one she was able to get a last-minute stay of execution over the objections of assistant attorney general donald zelenka. zelenka was determined to discredit diana. he dug through her past looking for anything to get her off the case. in april 2000, he called her to a deposition. >> it was at the attorney general's office. there were six attorneys across the table from me and all of them lined up like this. looking. don zelenka asked have you ever done anything in the course of your life that would reflect poorly on the legal profession?
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and i said yes. >> diana feared that if her story became public, it would ruin her reputation and destroy elmore's chances for a new trial. in 1975 at the age of 17, diana ran away to new orleans with a few friends. >> it was a horrible time. my sister had been taken away by in 1975 at the age of 17, diana ran away to new orleans with a few friends. >> it was a horrible time. my sister had been taken away by the state of texas. it had to do with sexual abuse that i suffered. i was 17. i didn't know how to deal with stuff like that. so i left. i met these three people. went to new orleans with them and after a little bit, i wanted to go home. i didn't have any money and there was a plan. so i went to the french quarter, started talking to this guy.
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and the ruse was that i would exchange sex for money. we left bourbon street together, got in his car and one of the two guys came in. he got on the passenger side. i was scrunched in the middle. >> diana's friend pulled a gun and demanded money. the driver gave them $60. they jumped out of the car and ran. >> made it about three blocks. pulled over by the new orleans police department, up against the wall. the victim was a u.s. marshal. it's like dumb and dumber a little bit. what do you expect from an air head 17-year-old. i pled guilty to armed robbery and off i went to the louisiana correctional institute for women.
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one day, the prosecutor in my case came to the prison to visit and he said, i just want you to know that you don't have to be what you did that day, and you can make it, and you can be somebody. and i'm still -- why wouldn't every prosecutor want to do that? >> diana began studying in the prison's law library, researching cases of fellow inmates and sending letters to the presiding judges. she even had one woman's sentence reduced. >> doing the few things that did that made an impact, i want more of that. i want to do more of that. i want to help people like that. >> a model prisoner, diana was
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released in 1977 with a full pardon. the whole episode became a distant memory until donald zelenka confronted her with it nearly 25 years later. >> i was like, you know what? you opened the door. i'm walking through it. let's do this. i'm going to tell it all. not just the part you want to hear. >> but the judge in the case, visibly disgusted by zelenka's tactic, disallowed the deposition. diana could continue her fight for elmore's life. at elmore's trial, prosecutor willie t. had claimed that negroid hair had been found on the body. when the petition had asked to see the hair it had gone missing. now 16 years later, the hair suddenly turned up. >> the prosecution has an obligation to turn over to the defense anything which is favorable. in this case, they didn't do it at the time of trial. >> as it turns out, none of the hairs were negroid at all. they were all caucasian hair, and they did not belong to mr. elmore.
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>> and that should be sufficient to warrant a new trial. >> we got all excited. asked for the judge to set a hearing. it was december 20th or 21st. we were going to have christmas beyond all christmases. >> on december 21st, 2000, a new hearing was held. if a new trial were to be granted, elmore could be released on bail and join his family for the holidays after more than 18 years on death row. >> all rise. >> judge ernest kinard again presided, the same judge who hat stated that elmore may well not be guilty. >> lab corps has sent us a report indicating there are hairs from someone other than dorothy edwards and there were no hairs of anyone of african-american descent. >> he acknowledged the evidence should have been given to the defense but argued only one of the hairs had sufficient dna to read. >> we do not dispute the materials recovered from the victim's body at the time of the autopsy. one hair, not hairs. one hair. >> it was merely another hair in the bedroom. of mrs. edwards. this is a completely different case than what the jury heard. in the final analysis, the question really is if not now, when? if this is not enough to grant somebody a new trial, then when is post conviction relief ever released on bail and join his family for the holidays after more than 18 years on death row. >> all rise. >> judge ernest kinard again presided, the same judge who hat stated that elmore may well not be guilty. >> lab corps has sent us a report indicating there are hairs from someone other than dorothy edwards and there were no hairs of anyone of african-american descent.
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>> he acknowledged the evidence should have been given to the defense but argued only one of the hairs had sufficient dna to read. >> we do not dispute the materials recovered from the victim's body at the time of the autopsy. one hair, not hairs. one hair. >> it was merely another hair in the bedroom. of mrs. edwards. this is a completely different case than what the jury heard. in the final analysis, the question really is if not now, when? if this is not enough to grant somebody a new trial, then when is post conviction relief ever appropriate? >> unexpectedly, rather than adjourn and read the filings before ruling, the judge issued his decision on the spot. >> all motions are denied. >> the judge said, one hair is not enough. i'm out of here. >> in this case, there are a number of things that stink and if you look at it as a whole, it doesn't just stink, it reeks. >> an execution date was set for elmore. he was placed in a high security lockdown cell while awaiting his date with the electric chair. now a mere three weeks away.
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>> an execution date was set for elmore. he was placed in a high security lockdown cell while awaiting his date with the electric chair. now a mere three weeks away. >> i tried my hardest to get him ready for it. and he called me one day and he said, are they going to kill me? i think i told him in the most simple terms i could tell him that they were going to have to take me out first.
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after 22 years on death row, edward elmore was in lockdown, a special holding cell for inmates awaiting execution. with only 23 days to go, diana filed a last-minute appeal and got a stay of execution. but this was only a temporary solution. if elmore was to survive, they would need a new strategy. >> the supreme court issued a landmark death penalty decision. >> and a supreme court decision from 2002 gave them an opportunity. >> in a stunning reversal of course, the u.s. supreme court ruled executing mentally disabled criminals is unconstitutional. >> the question was whether
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elmore was in fact mentally disabled. >> he was tested. and the state department of special needs finds that edward lee elmore is mentally retarded. >> elmore's death sentence was commuted to life in prison. after nearly 28 years, elmore was finally leaving death row. [ screaming ] sorry, that's exactly what i did. i get mr. elmore on the phone. i say hey, you're going to be leaving death row. i'm not going to die? no, well, not there. >> elmore's life had been spared. but diana hadn't fought for years to see elmore die behind bars. her team had one last hope to get him a new trial. the u.s. 4th circuit court of appeals would be the highest court ever to hear elmore's case. >> the 4th circuit has the reputation of being the most conservative federal appellate
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court in the country. so we felt our chances of prevailing were very slight. >> in yet another face-off with donald zelenka, the court's circuit three-judge panel heard oral arguments in september of 2010, and remarkably, they came down hard on zelenka. >> the time of death, we were locking it down because the defendant was seen at 9:30 headed that direction. >> locking down the time of death based on what his alibi was. i thought you locked down time of death by science. >> the judges have moral righteous indignation in their voices and what they're saying. >> you put in evidence there was hairs found on the bed there was a big part of the conviction? >> yes, it was. >> not one photograph was taken where the hairs were supposed to be. does that make sense to you? >> well, i don't know. >> do you think that makes a difference now that we know he is mentally retarded? >> no, not at all. >> in this case, this is just a constellation of problems. >> even though the judges seem to be raising some serious questions, i came out of the argument feeling negative about
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our prospects. i didn't think the court had much incentive to overturn his conviction. >> we didn't hear anything for month after month. 14 months went by. and then i get an e-mail in my inbox. heart stops. i start hyperventilating. i clicked on it, and the opinion is 190-something pages long. and where is the good part? >> the most conservative appellate court in the nation had ruled 2-1 that elmore deserved a new trial. >> everyone in the death penalty community, what happened? we don't win like that, and not there. but we did. >> the state was reluctant to retry the case, knowing the evidence the defense had unearthed could implicate both police and prosecutors. so they offered elmore a plea bargain. >> and the prosecutor asked is there anything short of outright dismissal of all charges that we
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can do to settle this matter? and i said in fact there is. he goes free at the bond hearing, and he is going to continue to say the truth he said all of these years, i'm innocent. and the prosecutor said okay. >> but the plea required that elmore say in open court that the state could likely prove their charges against him at a trial. it wasn't the exoneration they were hoping for, but it would mean freedom. >> new tonight, he was once on death row. now he is a free man. after 30 years, edward elmore was released from prison today. >> oh, thank the lord. give me a minute. i'm a little overwhelmed right now. just so excited, i couldn't hardly speak. locked up all them years something i didn't do, and comes along, she believed in me.
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>> were you afraid of dying? >> not in a way, but like i say, i knew the truth would eventually come out, right. that's kept me going. it kept my faith right, and just taking it one day at a time. that's all you can do, you know, and hope and pray that everything come out all right. >> mr. elmore had been incarcerated for 11,000 days. the judge told mr. elmore that he had exhausted his sentence and he was free to go. you are free to go, mr. elmore. >> we could walk him out that door of the courtroom and down those steps as a free man. and that was -- i'm sorry. that was the best moment of my life as an attorney.
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>> elmore moved back in with his sister, and has begun the process of adjusting to a world very different from the one he left. >> so much had changed, you know, since -- trying to get used to everything. still trying to adjust to things. it's so technical, right, phones and computers and all that stuff. it's really, really hard. i'm trying to learn how, you know. i'm trying to cope with it. >> eddie's case taught me a lot of things about our justice system. it taught me to be distrustful, skeptical. geography can make the difference. money, of course. gender, of course. race is the one that is just a dagger to the heart. but it also taught me to never give up on it. that even 30 years later, someone will listen.
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as long as you don't give up, justice is possible. >> until the mother of an american hero puts her into a fight for freedom. >> i knew she wasn't guilty. i thought it should be obvious to anybody. >> this is one of the most egregious cases i have ever seen.
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there's a body on the water. >> he was butchered and murdered. >> many people proclaimed their innocence. >> in this case there are a number of things that stink. >> this man is remorseless. >> the electric chair flashed in front of my eyes. >> get a conviction at all costs. let the truth fall where it may. >> december 9th, 1981. little broke the afternoon quiet in sacramento's rosemont neighborhood. then at this modest home on rosewood avenue there was a knock on the door. ed davies was in the kitchen. his wife grace checked out the wind over and opened the door for a repairman. >> he said, ma'am, we got a report about your phone. and we would like to look into it. and she said, okay, well, come on in. >> he went to the telephone and
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then turned around and pointed a gun at she and her husband. he then hog tied them, put blankets over their heads so they couldn't see. >> grace davies heard a second man enter her home. >> the perpetrators were screaming, where's the silver? where's the gold? >> ed davies was an amateur coin collector, but he had never told his wife about the trove of precious metals he had hidden in their home. now he refused to tell the robbers. >> and then one of the perpetrators put a knife to her neck and said if you don't tell us where the gold is, we'll kill her. so mr. davies told them where the silver was and the gold. >> for hours, grace listened as the strangers dug in the garage. then one of the men walked back into the kitchen.
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and grace was confronted with an unfamiliar sound. >> she heard a ping and then she felt her husband's legs kind of like quivering on her legs. >> and then grace heard a similar sound and probably did not realize it but the sound was the bullet hitting her head. >> against all odds, the elderly woman regained consciousness hours later. someone had re-entered the house. >> grace didn't move. she was half in shock and half just lying still, hoping they would go away. she could tell her husband was moving, and then she heard another gunshot. and then she didn't feel her husband moving at all. >> terrified and bleeding, grace eventually freed her hands and tried to dial 911 only to find the line had been cut. she dragged herself to the couch and collapsed.
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>> in the morning early, all of a sudden the tv just comes blaring on. >> it woke her up. so she crawled outside on her hands and knees. >> a shocked commuter found grace bloodied and unconscious. miraculously the 76-year-old woman would survive. police arrived and discovered ed davies' lifeless body. >> you'd like to think that understanding citizens aren't going to suffer that kind of torture and murder in their own home. >> detectives found no fingerprints at the scene but they did learn ed had recently bought two bags of silver at the allied coin shop owned by a man named virgil fletcher.
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estimated value, $27,000. >> who knew that? what's the connection? how did somebody know that this large cache of silver was in the home? >> during an unrelated arrest days later, a local criminal told detectives who might have done the davies job. >> that was gary masse and steve desantis. they were well-known thieves, ne'er-do-wells, thugs. >> i don't think the police were at all surprised. >> stephen was an angry young guy that just didn't know how to make a living other than robbing people. gary is unstable. he was a regular drug addict who had more ins into the criminal element. the first thing the police did was go after gary masse and stephen desantis. >> police launched a man hunt but for days came up
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empty-handed. meanwhile, grace davies recovered and told police that a suspicious woman had come to her door a week before the robbery. police now believed there was a third conspirator, and their suspicions were confirmed when joanne masse, wife of gary masse showed up at the sheriff's department. >> joanne was not a dumb woman. if you're the one to get the information, you're the one to get the better deal. the first thing she said was say my husband was involved. but stephen fired the shots. >> sheriffs demanded to talk to gary and she promised she would bring him in. but detectives also wanted to know how gary and stephen had learned about ed davies' treasure. >> joanne came up with gloria. >> she said a woman named gloria helped plan the robbery. >> gary is completely innocent and it is gloria and stephen desantis who are totally responsible. >> the new suspect was gloria killian, a 35-year-old divorcee
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and law student. gloria was renting a room from virgil fletcher, the owner of allied coin when she saw the davies murder on tv. >> i said, oh, my god, that's horrible. that poor woman had actually lived and crawled out on to the street and all those horrible things happened to her. it was awful. >> a week later, gloria was helping out at her boyfriend's auto body shop when police came calling. >> we didn't happen to have a customer scheduled then. so we were going to close for lump and have sex. we got everything locked up. i'm busy taking my shirt off and there comes a knock on the door. >> four sheriffs come to the door and they say we want to talk to gloria killian. >> i was mortified. can they come talk to us? sure. no problem. >> they haves were taking gloria to be questioned as the robbery's alleged mastermind. >> as we're walking out the gate, little miss big mouth goes --
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>> you have the worst timing. i always get caught. >> they fell into a kind of formation. one guy behind me, one guy in the side of me and one guy kind of leading me. and i'm thinking, this is really strange. >> within days, gloria would be facing the death penalty. gloria desantis. save you fifteen percent or more on car insurance.d everybody knows that. well, did you know pinocchio was a bad motivational speaker? i look around this room and i see nothing but untapped potential. you have potential. you have...oh boy. geico. fifteen minutes could save you
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fifteen percent or more on car insurance.
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on december 16th, 1981, sheriffs brought gloria killian in for questioning. >> we are investigating the death of ed davies. we want to talk to you in regard
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to that. >> gloria thought she would be asked about her landlord, virgil fletcher. owner of allied coin. >> the man that was murdered was a coin collector. gloria thought she was being gloria thought she was being being brown down to give them any information about virgil. >> but detectives suspected gloria of orchestrating the deadly home robbery. >> then they just started attacking me. >> we have been talking to a lot of people. your name has come up. >> in what regard? >> that's what i wanted you to tell me. >> we know you planned this. we know you know everything that happened. and i went, huh? >> detectives believed gloria had coaxed information from virgil about ed davies' hidden treasure. >> they asked her questions. do you know ed davies? and she said, i don't think so. well, have you been to his house? her response is, well, if i don't know him, i don't think i've been to his house. >> i have a tendency to be a little flip when i'm nervous. >> gloria also insisted she had never met alleged perpetrators. gary masse or stephen desantis.
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>> i had no idea what they were talking about. i couldn't figure out why they thought i had set this up. >> there is a distinction between being cooperative and being honest. >> you aren't being honest. >> i can't tell you what i don't know. >> the more i said i didn't know, the angrier it made them. one of them spent the time staring at me. staring in my eyes. but i still didn't have anything to tell them. >> after two hours, detectives had had enough. >> they stood up and said you're under arrest for the murder of edward davies. everything just started to narrow in front of me. and it was almost like, what i could hear were echos. but i couldn't really hear what they were saying. >> you don't want to take a polygraph. is that what you're saying? >> i'm saying am i being arrested. >> no, we asked you to give us a specific answer. >> i don't want to answer any more questions if i'm being arrested. >> whatever is wrong with these fools, i am not talking to them anymore.
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that made them really mad. >> a detective handcuffed gloria for the trip to county jail. >> he said, you are going someplace that no nice little white girl like you has ever been. and we will break you. >> gloria killian was not the usual suspect. a year earlier, gloria was on her way to becoming a lawyer. no mean feat for a 35-year-old wife and stepmother who never attended college. >> what a life. she had loved the law. she studied at home for the law boards and scored incredibly high. >> i was married at the time. i was bored out of my skull. i absolutely totally believed in the law. and they accepted me. >> but gloria's personal life disrupted her law school career. >> she got into a dreadfully difficult love affair. she was married. he was married. >> gloria divorced to be with her lover but the relationship
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soon turned ugly. >> i had to get away from him. it was screwing up my grades, it was screwing up every single thing. and i needed to just get out of there for a while. >> it has been said that she took a leave of absence. she didn't take a leave of absence. she dropped out. she didn't have a place to live. she didn't have a husband and she didn't have any money. >> i was literally looking for friends which is how i met the people that i shouldn't have met. >> one of gloria's new best friends was a 60-year-old woman named niva snyder. >> i really became very fond of niva. i probably was looking for a mother because she was that much older. what i didn't realize, because i didn't have a scrap of street sense was that there was someone involved in the drug trade. >> neva snyder dealt methamphetamine. >> as someone who hadn't the faintest idea how to express her feels, i think self-medication
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was the answer. a pill here, a pill there, some powder. i don't know know, fine. >> that was the criminal element where that little area hung out. neva's house. gloria got involved with the wrong crowd. >> the regulars at the house included gary and joanne masse. the day after gloria was arrested, gary finally turned himself in. >> gary was known to use a lot of valium. and he mixed it with street drugs including heroin. and he was catatonic. >> gary refused to answer questions. but his wife had already confessed for him and implicated gloria. two days later with gunman stephen desantis still on the run, gary and gloria were arraigned together in a capital murder case. >> the electric chair flashed in front of my eyes. there is something about hearing the word death. that really does take you to
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another plane. >> gloria was held without bail for four months. when she finally got a hearing to determine if prosecutors could proceed to trial, she was shocked to see the judge. >> there's her former legal professor presiding over a case where she is facing the death penalty. >> judge sheldon grossfelt, my family law professor. it was just mortifying. >> but judge grossfelt soon lost patience with the prosecution. >> they couldn't proceed to trial. there was no evidence. and so, of course, it was dismissed. >> even as gloria stepped out into the street as a free woman, she felt uneasy. >> i had this weird feeling. i would say it was like some sort of internal dread. and i tried really hard to get rid of it but i couldn't. >> just one year later gloria would be arrested for the murder
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of ed davies again. was a truly amazing day. we res he was a matted mess in a small cage. so that was our first task, was getting him to wellness. without angie's list, i don't know if we could have found all the services we needed for our riley. from contractors and doctors to dog sitters and landscapers, you can find it all on angie's list. we found riley at the shelter, and found everything he needed at angie's list. join today at
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one year after the murder of ed davies, alleged gunman stephen desantis was still a fugitive. his partner gary masse went on trial for murder. >> gary's trial lasted very, very short time, and he was found guilty almost immediately. >> gary admitted that he was part of the scheme. and under the aiding and abetting laws in california, he
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was guilty. >> gary was sentenced to life with no possibility of parole. he didn't see it coming. >> a lot of people feel that it went beyond where i wanted it to go. i didn't do the shooting. everyone will realize i'm not guilty of murder, and they have no clue that they are standing on that railroad track in a train of guilt is about to run them right over. >> when the reality of his sentence hit, gary quickly requested a meeting with police. >> gary tells the sheriff's department, i want to talk now if you're willing to listen. he wanted a reduced sentence, and he didn't want to be known as being a snitch. he thought he would get a knife in the back. and he wanted immunity for his wife. >> but why would gary masse's wife need immunity? the answer would only emerge months later in the halls of the local courthouse. a grandmother named elizabeth lee spotted joanne masse and rushed to find a court officer.
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>> she said, i just solved my case. they're the people right there, and she pointed to gary and his wife. >> lee had also been the victim of a home invasion, and just like grace davies, lee said a suspicious woman had come to her door. she was now certain it was joanne masse. the assistant d.a. was in the courthouse but his reaction was not what he expected. >> they hustled around the courthouse. they said, we can't have this. that was the end of it. >> just as gary masse had requested, the prosecutor turned a blind eye to joanne's alleged crimes. he also moved gary to a new prison under an assumed name. and a reduced sentence? that would be decided at a later date. >> and then gary became the chief witness for the prosecution. >> gary masse says, gloria killian is the one who gave me the information.
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gloria killian told him about the davies and went with him to the house a week or so before. >> gary now painted gloria as the crime's mastermind. unfazed by the murder, gloria called afterwards to demand her take. one year after she was released, sheriffs arrived at gloria's work again. >> now because of what gary is saying, they can arrest gloria again. >> when they start unsnapping their holsters, this is not the time to discuss it. >> again, gloria was locked away without bail. the death penalty looming over her. >> i had terrible nightmares. i'm in a prison and i can't get out. someone is chasing me. you don't know who. i was afraid. >> but in late 1983, a california supreme court ruling changed everything.
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people charged as accomplices to murder could no longer face execution. >> the death penalty is off the table. and that was that. >> and since she doesn't get the death penalty, she is allowed to be out on bail. >> gloria was eligible for bail but there were objections from the new prosecutor on her case. an assistant d.a. named kit cleland. >> kit cleland was far more emotional than the first prosecutor. he was just angry and very sarcastic. you know, she's a murderer, she's a killer. she's going to run, and cleland seemed to feel he was the avenging angel of god. >> the judge didn't buy it. >> look. did you pull her off an international flight? did you catch her running down the road? and cleland, no, not exactly. and the judge said, you know what? she's out on $25,000 bail and you can leave her alone. >> gloria was free on bail for
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almost two years. but waiting for her day in court proved to be an emotional roller coaster. >> i would go from thinking they will never convict me of something i didn't do to thinking they'll send me away for a million years. i did everything i could to avoid it. there was no way that i could even cope with the idea. >> shutting herself off, gloria missed some critical developments. the fbi discovered stephen desantis holed up in texas. he went on trial in 1985. >> i acted as if it had nothing to do with me at all. i should have been studying the daily transcript of it. i would have known that stephen desantis said he never heard of me, never saw me in my life. >> the star witness against stephen desantis was gary masse. the jury found desantis guilty of murder and sentenced him to death.
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gary would next testify at gloria's trial starting just five days later.
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four years after ed davies was killed, gloria killian went
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on trial as the heist's mastermind. the prosecutor called coin dealer virgil fletcher who once told police that his tenant, gloria, plied him for information about davies. >> virgil didn't directly say that gloria killian was involved but she had talked to him about wanting to meet mr. davies and does he date younger women, will he go out on his wife so he had an interest. >> virgil said i was asking about mr. davies. but i didn't know the davies. i didn't know they had money. i didn't know they shopped at allied coins. >> and under oath, virgil seemed hesitant to implicate gloria. prosecutor kit cleland also called grace davies to the stand wanting the widow to identify gloria as the suspicious woman who came to the door. >> grace davies was 80 years old with a bullet in her head. she had five or six times been unable to identify gloria as the
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woman who came to the door. and i think she finally said, well, it could be. >> despite these struggles, cleland did not call joanne masse to implicate gloria. she was suspected of committing similar robberies with her husband. the case came down to the star witness. gary masse. >> gloria is almost relieved. they're not going to take the word of a career criminal over me. that would make no sense. >> the jurors are instructed, they don't have to believe gary masse. and they listened and they found him to be credible. >> masse testified that he met gloria at niva snyder's house and she recruited him to rob the davies. >> gary masse says, we went here, we went there, and i did it with gloria killian. >> and masse was hard to cross-examine. >> because it was a conspiracy
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case, they didn't to have prove anything, gloria actually did which made it very hard for the defense to discredit him. >> gary masse was so loaded during this crime. so he got around an awful lot of it by saying, i don't remember, i don't recall. it is all very hazy. it was like trying to fight your way through a bunch of cobwebs. >> gloria took the stand still insisting she didn't know the robbers or the victims. cleland hammered away at gloria's credibility starting with her first statement to police, i always get caught. >> we were just about to lock up and make love. you can believe that if you want. some of her explanations were pretty incredible. >> cleland also confronted gloria with suspicious notes discovered in her date book. >> they found three or four pages that really caught their attention. she always looking out window. grace davies testified, i never open that front door unless i would see who is there.
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and then don't approach at coin shop. okay. now it sounds like someone casing the davies themselves. and the question, where garage, that would be where the silver is that the perpetrators are looking for. that's frankly damning to miss killian. >> gloria explained that during law school she moonlighted serving subpoenas. >> i had a lot of one, two-word notes. i had descriptions of houses. 30 miles out of town in elk grove or next door. >> she had pages and pages of all kinds of information. the police pulled a few pages out as evidence but it is evidence of nothing. >> cleland argued repeatedly that gloria was less credible than gary masse. masse could be believed, he insisted, because there had been no deal made for his testimony.
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>> there was no deal. he said it a dozen times. >> the prosecution said masse had not been promised that he would receive any benefit. but he hoped that he would get a benefit. >> mr. masse was hoping if i tell truth, that judge has to give me something. but we never made any kind of deal with him. >> two days later, the jury returned its verdict. guilty of murder in the first degree. gloria was sentenced to 32 to life. >> i just wanted to scream at this jury. are you crazy? how could you do this? how can you possibly believe this? and then they took me away. i lost every single thing that i ever had. but i convinced myself that as long as i could do something to
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help somebody, that it wasn't just an entire waste of my life. >> in prison, gloria used her legal training to write appeals for fellow inmates and even an article that helped expand battered women's rights. but gloria had no luck on her own case. the state court summarily rejected her appeal. gloria lost all hope. >> i could not understand how i could be so betrayed by everything i believed in. by the law, by the judicial system. how could i have been so betrayed? i didn't think i was going to make it. >> but in 1992, after six years behind bars, gloria received a visit that would change her life.
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>> part of my training was, never ask an inmate why she is there. the best thing to do is to just sit and listen. they need someone to talk to usually. >> joyce is the mother of sally ride, the first american woman in space. joyce had devoted herself to women behind bars and started visiting gloria to discuss battered women. they never spoke about gloria's case. >> joyce is very reserved, and gloria is very reserved. they're both norwegian, so it is basically two trees talking to each other for a year. >> after a year of getting to know her, i finally said, why are you here? >> it was surprising to me that she would care. nobody -- nobody cared what happened to me. i told her. i told her the whole thing.
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>> after all these years, i'm a pretty good judge of people. people generally believe if a person is in prison, she deserves to be there. that's not necessarily the case. >> joyce sent private investigator darryl carlson to visit gloria. >> she said i don't want you doing. this i've had enough. i don't want it anymore. i can't handle it. >> i think she didn't want to get her hopes up needlessly. and she didn't want to see me waste my money. i did have some inheritance money from my father which i went through rather quickly. i just thought it was worth the expense. >> over gloria's objections, joyce hired carlson who soon found a note in the case files revealing cleland's unorthodox relationship with his star witness, gary masse. >> you don't take a suspect in a murder case home for conjugal visits and chicken and dumpling
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dinners without handcuffs. it seemed like gary was being nudged into things. >> but in order to get a new trial for gloria, carlson would need clear evidence that there was a deal and he deceived the jury. >> it took a long time. they were closing doors and he had to make enemies in the sacramento courts before that letter showed up. >> what carlson found was a letter that had been sealed from the public, a letter to masse's sentencing judge. >> when i saw that, my jaw dropped. . you stopped by the house? uh-huh. yea. alright, whenever you get your stuff, run upstairs, get cleaned up for dinner. you leave the house in good shape? yea. yea, of course. ♪ [ sportscaster talking on tv ] last-second field go-- yea, sure ya did. [ male announcer ] introducing at&t digital life. personalized home security and automation. get professionally monitored security for just $29.99 a month. with limited availability in select markets. ♪
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gloria killian had been languishing in prison for eight years when an investigator found evidence discrediting kit cleland and his star witness gary masse. >> he found a letter to masse's sentencing judge that asked for leniency in the sentence. it was concrete proof that there was a deal being made before gary got to testify in gloria's trial. >> with new evidence emerging, gloria became less reluctant to accept help. >> is it all right if i hire a lawyer? and she said, it would be all right. the thought of getting out was in her dreams again. >> joyce brought the letter to bill genego, a top appeal lawyer.
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>> it was a quid pro quo from the beginning. as simple as that i was very excited but certainly no guarantee we were going to win. >> while it was clear prosecutor cleland had hidden the deal genego still had to prove gary masse had lied on the stand. he got help from an unexpected source. two lawyers appointed to appeal gunman stephen desantis' death sentence. >> it seem we should know as much as the district attorney knew and there was resistance. >> after a protracted court battle, a judge required cleland to open his files. >> we sat there and went through the boxes. we were not allowed to take anything out of the room. i remember looking at this letter and thinking to myself, i can't believe they left this in the file for us to find. >> whoa!
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here we had it in writing. and it was so clearly exculpatory. >> i remember burying it in a pile of other things that we wanted them to copy for us. >> right in the middle. >> yeah. >> it was a letter from gary masse to kit cleveland. there was a verbal agreement, it read. i gave you desantis and killian. i even lied my ass off on the stand for you people. desantis' lawyers took the letter to gloria. >> we knew nothing of this. it was all concealed. >> i lied my ass off in court for you. that was kind of a bombshell. >> they knew that they would have to give me a new trial. they would never let that stand. >> gloria's team presented their case to the california supreme court but they received a one-word apply. denied. the next stop would be federal
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court and genego now knew he must do more than cast doubt on the prosecution's case. >> you've got to present an alternative explanation about how this could have occurred if gloria wasn't involved. >> cleland had argued that gloria pried information and from coin shop operator virgil fletcher and used to it orchestrate the heist. >> they were able to make it seem as if gloria was the link between virgil fletcher and gary masse. and if it wasn't her, how else was this going to happen? >> well, gary lee smith was the missing piece. >> the people i dealt with, a few other folks and that sort of thing. >> small time sacramento criminal gary lee smith was recruited first to rob the davies. >> an individual approached me, had some information about the value of the things in the davies house. he told me where the gold and silver would be located. >> but smith wondered whether davies would resist. >> what happens if this guy
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doesn't agree to this? because i mean he's not going to want anybody coming in and taking his stuff. well, we'll just shoot him. i certainly knew that i didn't want to be involved in anything like that. the davies are innocent people. they could have been my grandparents. it just wasn't right. >> before gloria's trial, smith approached prosecutor cleland and told them he had been recruited by a man name bob hoard. hoard, a convicted felon was neva's son and had connections to virgil fletcher. but cleland never arrested bob hoard. instead he pressed smith to tell him about gloria killian. >> i told them i didn't know her. they said, what was her involvement? i said, none that i know of. >> it should have caused them to re-evaluate their case but they had already made up their minds
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about what happened here, and they were filtering out information that was inconsistent with that which happens all the time. >> they took the information and then that's the last i heard of it. >> for smith's story to help gloria, genego would need to find and convince him to testify in open court. all for a woman he had never met. >> gary lee smith had completely turned his life around and really had no reason to come forward and admit that he was a criminal 20 years ago. >> he asked me if i would come in and testify at her hearing. and i thought, my gosh. i certainly don't want any repercussions or anything. i reckon a storm's a brewin'. reckon so. reckon you gotta hotel? reckon, no. reckon priceline express deals will get you a great deal. wherever you...mosey. you reckon? we reckon. vamonos
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after 13 years behind bars, gloria killian would get another day in court. federal judge, gregory hallos, agreed to hear new evidence and determine if she received a fair trial. gary lee smith decided to come forward. he testified that bob hoard, not gloria had recruited him for the robbery. >> i had to take off work. it seemed inconsequential really. this gal's life is involved. >> he said somebody else did it. that was the first time i kind of got any complete picture of it.
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i was just amazed. >> but the star witness was gary masse. this time, he would testify for gloria. >> gary masse was very upset at the prosecution. he felt he had been misled. >> gary masse said, they promised me no more than 12 years he said, it would be in a federal prison and i would get drug treatment. i got none of that stuff. >> now, gary masse was ready to come clean about perjurying himself at gloria's trial. >> i read passages of the trial and i said, was that the truth or a lie? he said, that was a lie. that's exactly what i wanted to get from him. >> all of the sudden, the judge decided to question gary masse himself. >> that's almost a challenge the way masse saw it. is everything you said on the witness stand a lie? what's your response going to be? no, not everything. >> masse told them a whole new story. gloria was involved but only as a pawn of the real masterminds.
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and eventually masse cut her out of the deal. but after masse was convicted he told cleland what he wanted to hear, that gloria planned the crime. >> the testimony completely changes. yeah, yeah, she might have been involved in the beginning but really, she had nothing to do with it. >> that's not unusual for witnesses to hedge but gary masse never came off the point that gloria killian told him about the davies and that she went with him to the house a week or so before. >> so he is trustworthy? gary masse says to the judge, i lied on the stand. straight up. the conviction is invalid but that's not the way the evidentiary hearing turned out. >> judge hollows ruled that gary's perjury amounted to harmless error. masse's deal, he wrote, had not been concealed since the jury could have inferred it. he denied gloria's appeal.
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>> when he said he still thought she was guilty, i thought, you are not a good judge. why are you here? >> six judges had ruled against gloria. joyce was out of money. their last chance was the ninth circuit appeals court which had reversed just one such ruling in the past decade. >> this was the last step in the process. we had lost all along the way. but this was her life. that's a huge responsibility and one that anyone would take seriously. >> now, working without pay, genago submitted the appeal to the ninth circuit's three-judge panel led by judge michael hawkins. >> i was the united states attorney for four years. i prosecuted plenty of cases myself. they are not entitled to a perfect trial. they are entitled to a reasonably fair trial, the defendants in criminal proceedings are. >> a year after filing, genago made a 15-minute oral argument
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to the court. then they waited. on march 10th, 2000, gloria was busy advising other inmates. she had been behind bars for 14 years. >> somebody came running over and said, you're still here. i said, what are you talking about? she handed me the article from the "l.a. times." and that's how i knew. gloria, you're going home. that was the only time i cried. >> i was just glad to hear it finally. what i had known for a long time. >> finally the 9th circuit looks at what happens and says, this is one of the most egregious cases i have ever seen. >> judge hawkins overruled the district court.
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masse's perjury wasn't harmless. >> the make or break witness. if you have reason not to believe him, then you have some lack of confidence in the jury verdict. >> the testimony of a thoroughly discredited perjurier, that's what they said. we would say he is a [ bleep ] liar. >> cleveland also should have disclosed his deal with masse. >> gary masse should have been confronted with the fact that he really did have a deal with the prosecution. in a fair proceeding, a jury should hear it all. >> together, hawkins wrote, "these errors were devastating to confidence in the process." still, prosecutor cleland fought the ruling all the way to the supreme court without success. six months later, gloria was freed. in a rare step, the state bar eventually admonished cleland for hiding evidence. >> the state of california
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finally stood up and said, this is not right. >> the d.a.'s office chose not to retry gloria but cleland insisted that he had not a scintilla of doubt about her conviction. >> gloria likes to say, she is exonerated. she is factually innocent. no. there were some mistakes but gloria killian was involved and i would still suggest that the blood of ed davies is on her hands. i think she could do a lot better by saying, i was trying to make a quick buck like all the other people at neva's house and i would not do that again. that would make me respect her a little bit more than i do at this point. >> i have a short response to that. try the case. shut up and try the case. okay? if you've got proof, go to court. prove it. if you don't, move on to the next case. be a man. >> our legal system is constructed on the idea that you are innocent until proven guilty.
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so unless you've been proven guilty of something, you are innocent, whether you say that she is not guilty, innocent or exonerated, that's just right way to think about it. >> gloria was finally free, but she had nowhere to go. all of her relatives had died while she was in prison. so i said, i have a three-bedroom house. she is easy to get along with. so am i. >> thirty years ago, gloria was vulnerable to unscrupulous criminals or zealous prosecutors, because she was alone. >> gloria didn't have people. she didn't have money. she was easy prey. now, she has people. she has devoted her life to helping the women that she left behind. >> i want to change the criminal justice system until it is fair. and i don't ever ever want anybody to go through what i
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went through. it is not right. it has to be fair.
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conditions are said to be getting better there, and obviously, as the rescue guy saying there, having a visual search, it's so important, obviously, to have good weather, and at the moment right now, the weather does seem to be
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cooperating. >> and let's talk a little bit more about that visual search, because you have these searchers who are now relying mostly on their eyesight. what more can you tell us about the ships that are headed to the area? >> reporter: they're going to play, obviously, an increasingly important part in this search operation in the deep southern ocean. the problem with the planes, even with the corporate, the ultra long-range corporate jets they're now using, they can only stay on station about five hours. ships, obviously, once they're there, they are there working 24/7, particularly the navy ships. at the moment, there is only one ship in the area, the "success," an australian warship that arrived about 12 hours or so ago. there was a commercial ship there. it has been let go, if you will, because bad weather was threatening. this was a car carrier, and the skipper was getting concerned in bad weather that those cars
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could be damaged. so, that was let go. that's now stemming towards australia. so, there's only one ship on the search zone at the moment. there are chinese on the way, three chinese naval vessels, plus three more chinese search vessels are expected. the chinese navy vessels, they are substantial vessels, too. they're expected to arrive on tuesday. so, this is where the visual identification links up with the actual identification. if there's something seen from the air, they can spot it, they can probably see what it may or may not be. they can then vector in these search ships to go to that particular point. they can actually drag this, whatever it is, out of the water and make a firm observation. bringing us back to what tony abbott was saying, he's hopeful of several leads. so, there is a sense of optimism, if you like, that this baffling mystery may actually be solved in the next few days. but as with all of these
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reports, as with all of these comments from the media, from the officials, caution is still the watch word. don't get too optimistic. >> yeah, that's right, but there are some new leads they can follow up on, except for the fact that there are no clear answers just yet. andrew stevens live for us there in perth, australia, thanks for that report, andrew. well, as you heard, weather is definitely a factor in the search for this missing plane. andrew said that the conditions there are improving. that's great news, but samantha, i mean, this is a very remote part of the world and conditions can get pretty harsh out there. >> yes, and there's a vast ocean, and we have another system that's on approach that will bring in more cloud cover overnight tonight. you can see for the most part, things are fairly clear. this is on the satellite picture. but in the long term, it looks fairly unsettled in the week ahead. in fact, if you look to the north here, this is tropical cyclone jillian. it reformed a couple of days ago. it went through jakarta and christmas island.
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we have reports of damage there. no injuries, thank goodness. and this is about 3,000 kilometers to the north of the search area. so, it's already disrupted some ship traffic heading to the area to help out. and it is a strengthening cyclone, too. it has max sustained winds now of 205 kilometers per hour with max gusts up to 250 kilometers per hour. and notice it is moving to the south-southwest at 15, so that means it is going to be making tracks in the general direction of the search area. and as it goes along, initially, it will strengthen, and then it will start to weaken, so that is the good news. at this point, it looks like the models are saying it will be weakening as we head into the next several days. but by the end of the week, it could be posing more of a problem for the folks here trying to come to and from the coast of australia as well as much of asia. now, you'll notice, we did have some showers earlier on that just scooted south of perth,
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nothing that would amount to all that much, and right now, it is very warm and it is very dry and windy, offshore winds up to 31 kilometers per hour here. so, here come the fronts as we head into tonight and into monday and tuesday. basically, amara, we'll have periods where it's good, then periods of broken clouds, scattered showers and gusty winds. and that whips up the surface of the ocean and makes it harder to see debris. >> they'll have to take advantage of the good periods of weather. samantha mohr, thank you for that. well, the u.s. military is using their most sophisticated aircrafts to look for the plane, but the authorities say this is very much a visual search. atika shubert is in kuala lumpur with the latest efforts there. atika? >> reporter: that's right. as you say, it's a visual search, so getting as many eyes as possible on this is critical, and malaysia is still
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coordinating the overall effort. 26 countries involved, and some of those flights are still coming out of here, including u.s. navy flights. i want to bring in our reporter, will ripley. you were lucky nouf get on one of these flights. can you tell us more about the speciality planes because they are unique? >> the p-3 orion is the backbone of the operation. if it is daylight over the indian ocean, these planes are in the air searching huge areas day in and day out. as we've seen so far, though, results have been pretty much non-existent, so we wanted to know, how difficult is it for the men and women in these planes to go on these searches every day and come home empty-handed. the american crew of this p-3 orion is facing another grueling day, searching the massive indian ocean for malaysia airlines flight 370. plane commander, lieutenant erica ross, has to stay motivated, even as mission after mission turns up nothing. >> we cleared that area of the ocean, so we know it's not there
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and we can look somewhere else and focus our efforts on trying to find it somewhere else. >> reporter: this plane is their home for up to 12 hours a day. living conditions are less than luxurious. so, the first thing you notice when you get on the plane is just how hot it is in here, about 95 degrees fahrenheit, 35 or so celsius. the ac finally comes on when the doors close. soon, the p-3 is ready for takeoff. the malaysian coastline disappears in minutes. the ten-hour flight will take us south of kuala lumpur over the indian ocean. we'll cover 25,000 square nautical miles. that sounds like a lot, but put that in context with the size of the search area. >> honestly, on a scale, it's a small percentage, but that's what we can do. >> reporter: even getting to our search area will take 3 1/2 long hours. the 11-member crew takes turns sleeping in cramped quarters or even on the floor so everyone's ready to tackle the tedious task ahead.
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we shut down one of the engines to conserve fuel, then descend to as low as 300 feet or just 91 meters above the water, and the search begins. some look out the windows. others watch the radar. it's sensitive enough to pick up dolphins, schools of fish or anything that emits heat. >> you know, sometimes you see debris and you want to think that it's something significant, so we come down and we look at it, and you're just like, oh, i guess that's trash, but you would like it to be something else. >> reporter: look out the window. this is what you see. one of the things you notice as you do this for a while, you look out the window and your mind starts to play tricks on you. so, you think you might see some debris, and then you realize it's just a white cap on a wave. and honestly, it's pretty disappointing, because there's that part of your mind that just hopes that you're going to find something, and you just look out there and it's nothing. low clouds cast a gray shadow on this endless ocean, and you
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can't help but think about the plane and those 239 people. they're out there somewhere, just not here. >> it's about getting those people back and still maintaining hope. >> reporter: that hope and passion for the people on flight 370 is what drives flight engineer petty officer brandon bronack, each as the sun fades away and it's time to go home again empty-handed. >> it's pretty stressful. we are all hoping that we find something. >> reporter: another long, grueling search is over for today. a new mission begins tomorrow. you know, that really is what's so inspiring about these flight crews is that they still have hope, even more than two weeks into this search. they have a saying, no intel is good intel. if they find an area and there's nothing there, they say that's good because they can check it off and move on to the next spot, and we know there's so much land to cover, and water to cover as well. >> so much to cover and really a
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critical job. thank you so much, will, for taking that flight. well, as you hear, the search efforts continue, so does the investigation. at this point, however, we don't have any new leads. all that we know is that police are still following up, looking at every passenger on board as well as the ground crew that put the plane up into the air, but so far, they say nothing conclusive. we are not going to have a press conference today from malaysian officials, but we are expecting them to speak again tomorrow. >> atika, there is this focus on the southern corridor. so many of the resources are being focused there. on saturday, we heard from the transportation minister during that news conference, and he said that many of the countries in that northern corridor reported back saying that they had not seen anything. so, what's the status of the search along that northern arc? >> reporter: well, the northern arc continues to be an area that is looked at, but clearly, not with the same intensity as the southern. part of that is because you need a lot more resources just to
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cover that indian ocean area, and they've been able to sort of look at a lot of the areas in the northern corridor and already cancel parts of that out. i think thailand and kazakhstan have already responded saying they haven't seen anything in their regions. neither has pakistan or china, of course, a tremendous area to cover, but they say they haven't seen sight of it either. so, as more countries sort of are able to come in and say what they have already checked off the list, it does seem increasingly that southern corridor is so important, because it is so hard to search for. >> and seeing that perspective from will's report helps you understand just how difficult this search really is. atika stuhubert live in kuala lumpur, many thanks to you. well, the u.s. is urging moscow to open talks with ukraine after russia made new moves over the weekend to consolidate its military control over crimea. a live report, ahead from kiev.
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welcome back. we continue to follow the latest developments on the missing malaysia airliner, but here's a check of other headlines. rescue crews in washington state are desperately trying to free a group of people trapped under a landslide. they can be heard crying for help under all that debris. the wall of mud swept over an area north of seattle yesterday. three people were confirmed killed. at least eight others are injured. turning now to the crisis in ukraine, and in the wake of moscow's formal annexation of crimea, russia is expelling ukrainian military forces from the crimean peninsula. on saturday, russian armored personnel carriers broke through the gates of the belbek air base and took over the facility. pro russian forces took control of the novofederoskoe base as well and removed the ukrainian
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navy insignia. now karl pen hall is in the ukrainian capital of kiev. what is the status now of the ukrainian troops in crimea? have they left? and has kiev reacted to any of this yet? >> reporter: no, certainly not all the ukrainian troops have left crimea. some of those military bases continue to hold out. and i say hold out in inverted commas, because it is a standoff. there is not really any aggression at this point, and we're not really sure what the battle plan is there, because the government from kiev is not giving strict orders to its troops in the crimea about what to do, whether they should surrender, whether they should simply pack up and go home or whether they should use lethal force to defend themselves. it is a very fluid situation. what it seems to be there is that the troops are holding out for a symbolic amount of time and then handing over both the base and all the military equipment to the russians and to
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the russian-backed militias there and then leaving after that, but what we're really keeping our eyes on today is a series of protests scheduled for the eastern part of the country, and those are due to kick off any time now. in fact, four major cities pretty close to ukraine's eastern border with russia and also the southern port city of aodessa, these are areas with strong, pro-russian sentiment, but also, we have seen in previous days and weeks large rallies there for maintaining the unity of ukraine. we expect those demonstrations to get under way in about an hour from now. the ukrainian government is certainly taking the political implications of those demonstrations seriously and we've heard from a government spokesperson that in the last days and hours, border security along that eastern border with russia has been beefed up
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significantly, both with police, with the national guard, with the border patrol, and also at self-defense paramilitary militias. and what the ukrainian government fears is that hundreds of russians have been coming across the border from russia into eastern ukraine, and these are the ones really instigating some of these protests, which the ukrainian government fears may lead to a further separatist movement in the eastern part of the country. >> that seems to have been the biggest concern, at least for the international community. will eastern ukraine be next to follow under russia's rule. let me ask you this, i understand that the british-born secretary, william hague, came out with some pretty tough comments. what can you tell us about that? >> reporter: yeah, we've seen british foreign secretary william hague making those comments in an editorial column in one of the british sunday newspapers, and he has called russia's annexation of crimea an
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outrageous land grab. he says that this really harks back to much darker times. it is a very tough talking editorial column, and this also on the eve of president obama's visit to europe. we're expecting him to arrive in europe either later tonight or early tomorrow. but beyond the tough talk, you've got to really ask, what are the teeth here? now, william hague does threaten that there could be more measures in the bag, more sanction-type measures against russia to try and force them to talk about crimea and their actions in crimea and also, of course, an attempt to stall the russian advance, to try and deter it from annexing any part of eastern ukraine as well. but of course, when you look across the european partners, you really have to ask what real appetite is there for really hard, tough economic sanctions
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or even a trade war with russia? and the answer right now is really not much. you've got to take into consideration that about 30% of europe's energy needs, particularly natural gas, do come from russia. they can't afford to cut off that energy supply right now. and then if you look at countries like germany, you see that they have substantial trade and investment with russia, and they're not prepared to lose that over crimea right now. >> yeah, the question is will those sanctions be enough, and is there anything the world can truly do to stop russia and to have russia reverse course? karl penhaul, many thanks to you, reporting live there in kiev. well, for searchers, to find the plane, they may first have to find the sound. they're listening for the ping, the elusive audio beacon from the flight data recorder. we'll hear what it sounds like when we come back.
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♪ welcome back. you know, hunt for the missing aircraft may come down to one small sound, the ping from the flight data recorder. the search for the sound is increasingly urgent, because the battery-powered signal will gradually fade over time. and here's what the ping sounds like. while they call it a ping, it really sounds more like a click. [ clicking ]
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now, picking up on that signal isn't the only way to find the flight recorders. there are also high-tech devices that can hunt down wreckage on the bottom of the ocean floor. rosa flores has that part of the story. >> reporter: unmanned probes, like this, have searched the ocean for plane wreckage before. it took years of sweeping the ocean bottom, but it found a downed plane carrying italian fashion designer vittorio missoni, his wife and four others off the coast of venezuela last year. it helped find air france flight 447 after it went missing, locating the wreckage and hundreds of bodies on board. it has found ships that sunk decades ago, like the "ark royal," and these probes even provided detailed imaging of "the titanic." >> these probes only go down
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5,000 feet. the next class is a much larger device, 15 by 25 feet. it's very large, because it adds a lot of battery capability and hydraulics capability. >> reporter: the autonomous underwater vehicles, auvs, as they're called: go as deep as 25,000 feet, sending acoustic pulses to the sea floor to find debris. then maps are drawn to guide search teams. they can even find things up to 300 feet under the sea floor. the search zone needs to be narrowed down first. this auv can only search eight square miles a day. it would take four days to search an area as big as manhattan. the equipment works around obstacles, so it doesn't get damaged, and maps them so divers don't get hurt. >> underwater obstructions are always a concern. we tend to fly the auv at about a 45-meter altitude above the bottom. it keeps us usually out of the way of any obstructions.
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>> reporter: these types of searches can take months or years, but the payoff is high. wreckage that gives clues about what happened, data recorders, and the thing that matters most, the fate of the people on board. rosa flores, cnn, new york. >> search planes are in the air, ships are on the move and satellites are watching from above. four countries are all using their tools to find malaysia airlines flight 370. we'll bring you the very latest. i've quit for 75 days. 15 days, but not in a row. for the first time, you can use nicorette even if you slip up, so you can reach your goal. now, quit on your own terms with nicorette or nicoderm cq.
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you're watching "cnn newsroom." i'm amara walker.
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welcome to our viewers around the world and in the u.s. well, here are the latest developments in the search for malaysia airlines flight 370. australian prime minister tony abbott says there is increasing hope that the mystery of what happened to the plane will be solved. he says searchers are following up on a number of very credible leads. the crew from the first search plane to return from the southern indian ocean today says there was a lot of fog and they didn't find anything. they're looking for debris seen on satellite images and by one plane on saturday. >> part of the description was a wooden p yeen pallet and a numb other items which were nondescript around it and some belts of different colors around it as well, strapping belts of different lengths. we tried to refined that yesterday with one of the new zealand aircraft, and unfortunately, they didn't find it, and that's the nature of it. >> now to the heart of why we care so much about this story,
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not for all that's unknown or the unprecedented global search. it's about the 239 people who have not seen, hugged or talked to their children, partners, family or friends in more than two weeks. here now, a snapshot of some of those lives so tragically interrupted. wife and mother shandrica sharm of india is the executive secretary of the international collective and support of fish workers. she was headed to a conference in mongolia. her husband let cnn read the note he wrote to friends and family to thank them for their crucial support. it says, "i remain focused on what we have at hand by way of information and stay with the knowledge that chandrika is strong and courageous that her goodness must count for something somewhere. i carry firmly the faith that the forces of life are eternal, immutable and ever present to keep the drama moving. in the ultimate analysis, i am neither favored nor deserted. no one is." like sharma and others that were
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traveling on business, hollywood stuntman ju khan was reportedly headed home to beijing to see his two young children and pick up material for a current project. paul weekes, a mechanical engineer from perth, australia, was on his way to a mining job in mongolia. the father of two young sons, the oldest just 3. he left his wedding ring and watch behind with his wife, in case of the worst. >> they had a bit of a car accident earlier on, actually, just the year before, and they sort of discussed what they wanted to do, and for some reason, before he left to go to mongolia, he decided to leave them both behind. and he said to danica that the oldest child should get his wedding ring and the youngest should get his watch if something happened to him. >> others on flight 370 were traveling for pleasure. muktesh and his wife, shamubai
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were headed home to their two sons. another couple were taking a honeymoon they had promised themselves for a long time. there were also the lawtons on the left and the burrells, two couples and friends seeing the sights abroad together. three americans were on 370. philip wood, an executive from texas and father of two. the other two with u.s. passports are children, brother and sister, both under the age of 5. well, each day brings mooringny for those families whose loved ones were aboard flight 370. pauline chiou has been spending time with those families in beijing and she now joins us live. and pauline, when we spoke with you on saturday, that briefing from malaysian officials with family members did not go very well at all, and now i understand there are new rules for the media. >> reporter: there are, and there is another meeting going on today between the malaysian delegation as well as the
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families, but the malaysian delegation set down some ground rules in the morning. they said no media. they're worried about cameras in this room and they don't want the presence of media to instigate any more of the drama that we saw yesterday, so that was one of their rules. so, we couldn't have access to what was going in, amara, but we did talk with people as they were coming out to find out what was going on in this meeting. and we do know that the families are still meeting with these officials as we're approaching dinner time. now, the malaysian government has sent a new technical team from the civil aviation authority to talk to family members today. they answered questions this afternoon about the plane. but we also got a sense that the level of frustration and concern is very high. we spoke with a grandmother as she left this briefing room. her daughter was on that malaysia airlines flight. >> translator: this is my first day here. i said what i needed to say. i'm too angry. every day i watch the television
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and i'm going to go crazy soon. i'm very emotionally unstable. >> reporter: and she speaks for so many of the relatives. they are emotionally drained and they're just exhausted. now, you heard her say this was her first day at the briefing. that's because she's taking care of her grandchildren. she said that her daughter had gone to malaysia on a holiday, left her kids behind, so now the grandmother's taking care of her daughter's children. they are 4 years old and 8 years old, still wondering where their mother is. amara? >> pauline, we heard a lot about hope in the last 24 hours. the prime minister of australia, tony abbott, saying that he has increasing hope with these new leads. we also heard from the transportation minister during that news conference on saturday that he's not going to give up hope. so, on day 16 of this search, are the families still holding on to hope?
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>> reporter: you have to hold on to hope. that's what they're saying, especially when there's no evidence yet of the plane or any evidence of debris. but amara, when you look around the room and you see these 400, 500 relatives and their faces, reality does set in. i did ask that very question to one man who came out for some fresh air. and i said, as a group, how hopeful are the relatives in there? and he said, he thinks it's about 80/20. he says about 80% of the relatives are ready for some bad news. 20% are still very optimistic. and we've met a few of them. one man recently said he just doesn't think this debris off the coast of australia is debris from the plane. he says i think my son is alive. and we also heard from a woman who said my mother's instinct is that my son is still alive. but these relatives know, amara, that with each day that passes by, the prospects for good news diminishes just a little bit
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more. amara? >> that sure is the reality, and this has to be just the worst wait of these family members' lives. pauline chiou, many thanks to you, reporting live from beijing. well, the disappearance of flight 370 has baffled experts for more than two weeks now. jim clancy takes a look back at how these events unfolded. >> reporter: so much ocean, so many questions, so little time. the mystery surrounding what happened to flight 370 with 239 souls aboard confounds us all. more than two weeks after it disappeared, police have no evidence, no motive implicating either pilot. country after country has cleared its passengers, while fantastic hijack theories abound some worthy of movie scripts, all are missing a leading man, an actual hijacker on board flight 370. >> "often thieves get away with big heists. 777 would be worth money in the black market."
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>> reporter: back in the real world, time is running out. >> the first thing is that underwater location beacons are emitting only for 30 days, which means it is almost already too late to have realistic hope of launching underwater searches based on those pings. >> reporter: if the families haven't been able to get the answers to their prayers in the last two weeks, at least they are beginning to get the answers to some of the questions they've had about their loved ones, but it hasn't been easy. [ sobbing ] chinese women manhandled, demanding the truth. after more than a week of promises, malaysia delivered. some of the questions to high-level officials -- how family members may have died -- weren't easy on anyone, but they needed to hear them. >> i'm going!
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>> reporter: also desperate for answers, the media, sometimes sacrificed dignity for a scrap of news. the longer the search goes on without producing any tangible evidence of what happened to flight 370, the more likely it will be the attention will turn to how the government of malaysia handled or mishandled the first 24 to 48 hours of the crisis. why did it take so long to admit the plane was missing? why weren't jets scrambled? why was malaysia's own military data doubted? as a result, almost a week was lost tracing false leads in the south china sea. debris, oil slicks, before the search moved on to millions of square miles in the indian ocean. hindsight is perfect. the search for the boeing 777 has been rife with human frailties. but two weeks into the mystery of flight 370, it is still human of us all to hope. jim clancy, cnn, kuala lumpur.
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>> and we will continue to bring you the latest on the missing malaysia airliner, but you can also get up-to-the-moment search information on our website, all at and when we return, a frantic rescue effort in washington state. people are trapped after a huge landslide swept over an entire community. we'll take you there. [ garner ] there's a lot of beautiful makeup out there, but one is so clever that your skin looks better even after you take it off. neutrogena healthy skin liquid makeup. 98% saw improved skin. does your makeup do that? neutrogena® cosmetics. does♪ ♪r makeup do that? so you can get out of your element. so you can explore a new frontier
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fifteen minutes could save you fifteen percent or more on car insurance. we have some new information now on the search for the missing malaysian airliner. let's go now to atika shubert live from kuala lumpur. atika, what can you tell us? >> reporter: that's right. the malaysian transport minister has just put out a statement saying that malaysia has received new satellite images from the french authorities showing potential objects in that southern corridor area. now, we don't have any other details about what exactly these
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objects might be, but of course, they add to the chinese satellite images that were announced yesterday, and of course, australian search teams continue to comb through the area. so, it now looks like there is a third area for them to search, and malaysia says they are coordinating the effort there and they have relayed these images to the australian search teams, hoping that they will be able to get out there and search it as soon as possible, amara. >> okay. so, atika, what we don't know is the size of this possible sighting. we don't know what the location is and exactly when these images are taken -- were taken. so, we're waiting on word for that. of course, the question is, is this just debris that had fallen off ships? i know that the prime minister at some point of australia had warned that that could possibly be the case as well. >> reporter: that's right. you have to approach these images with caution. often, the images are very bl
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blurry, there's no way to tell what the shape is and size is just one indication. there is also a lot of debris that does collect in this area of the indian ocean, a lot of containers can fall off ships and look like these sort of large objects floating in the water. we've already seen several cases where those objects, where containers were mistaken for something else. so, a word of caution on these images. they are new, it is a new site to search, but at this point, we just don't know what's there yet. >> okay, atika shubert with that breaking news. if you are just tuning in, we're just reporting that malaysian authorities say they have received new satellite images from the french that show possible floating objects in the southern corridor where the search for the missing malaysian airlines flight has been focused for the last couple days or so. but again, as you heard from atika, the size of these possible objects, the location and exactly when these images were taken, that's unknown at this point. so, we don't know yet if this
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object could be related to this missing plane. we did hear from the prime minister a few days ago who was warning of these satellite images and these potential objects in the southern corridor, that they could just be debris that have fallen off ships. but as we've heard over and over from officials, they do seem to have a lot of hope with these new leads. well, a dramatic rescue effort is under way right now in washington state after a landslide buried an entire neighborhood. people can be heard crying under the debris, and emergency crews are desperately trying to get them out. three people were killed when the landslide hit after heavy flooding. at least eight others, including a 6-month-old baby, are injured. three of them are now in critical condition. meteorologist samantha mohr standing by with more details on this landslide. samantha, it just looks like a terrible event there. >> it really does. and then you look at the radar right now, the pacific northwest, it's actually pretty quiet, but there's a lot more
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rain to come this week, and it could be really devastating for some of these communities. so, we're talking about this town here, well north of seattle. and that rain will be moving through just very spotty today. so, not a big deal today, but look what is lurking here off the coast. we have a very deep area of low pressure tapping into what appears to be some tropical moisture, and it is going to be making a beeline here for the pacific northwest. so, from monday through friday, we get that bit of a break today, but we could end up seeing some 15 centimeters of rain during the course of the week. so, that is absolutely the last thing they need. and you know, it's getting -- they're very close to record rainfall for the month of march all across the pacific northwest. some of the cities coming in second place for the all-time wettest march ever. and so, this does not bode well to see this lurking off the coast as we head into the next few days. around the rest of the nation,
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we are getting ready for another cold arctic outbreak, which is going to be moving in across much of the north, and also some more snow there. so, in terms of snow melt and everything, the climate prediction center has put out its spring flood risk as we head into the spring season, the next 90 days, and it's looking moderate across much of the upper midwest, where we'll see the snow melt and then additional rain. so, kind of surprising we don't see the pacific northwest as far as an area of risk, as far as flooding is concerned. i think in the immediate future, definitely it is a concern for us. and then taking a look at the temperatures, this is no surprise. below-average temperatures all across the northern third of the nation where we've already had some of the coldest -- we are already coldest winter on record in many cities across the upper midwest, and more cold air poised to funnel in here. so, shots like this coming out of washington, d.c. it is cherry blossom festival
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time. it began on thursday, but you wouldn't know it by looking at these trees. really no buds forming here to speak of whatsoever. they had more snow on tuesday, and they're getting more snow next tuesday. so, they have been seeing too many scenes like this, with instead of those beautiful, pink cherry blossoms, we are looking at white snow on the branches here, amara. so, more winter woes across much of the north as we head into this first week of spring. >> a long winter. samantha, thank you. >> you bet. from china to france, it has captured attention around the world. next, we'll look at the international media coverage centered on missing malaysia airlines flight 370. proven to hydrate dryness, illuminate dullness, lift sagging, diminish the look of dark spots, and smooth the appearance of wrinkles. high performance skincare™ only from roc®.
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♪ ♪ [ female announcer ] with five perfectly sweetened whole grains... you can't help but see the good. let's update you now on that search for the malaysia airlines
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passenger jet, and malaysia's transport minister says he has received new satellite images from france showing possible debris in the southern corridor. they have been passed on to the australian rescue center. now, meanwhile, the first of eight aircraft to fly over the southern indian ocean looking for clues in the disappearance of flight 370 has returned. crew members say there was heavy fog and they didn't find anything. the crew in one plane saw a wooden pallet and some other debris in the water on saturday, but there is no indication it's related to the missing airliner. australia says a search will continue as long as there is hope. >> it's still too early to be definite, but obviously, we have now had a number of very credible leads, and there is increasing hope, no more than hope, no more than hope, that we might be on the road to discovering what did happen to this ill-fated aircraft.
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>> well, for two weeks now, the world has been watching for any kind of development in the search for the 239 people who were on board flight 370. as nick valencia reports, the aviation mystery has generated round-the-clock media coverage in dozens of countries. >> reporter: this story has captured the attention of millions worldwide. the interest just isn't high here in the united states, but in countries like france and china that had passengers on the still-missing plane. [ screaming and sobbing ] from the human drama -- >> on our broadcast tonight, is it the plane? >> reporter: -- to the incredible mystery. >> there is a frightening, new conspiracy theory emerging about the plane that vanished into thin air. >> reporter: to the intense speculation that has fueled theory after theory. the story of missing malaysia airlines flight 370, which vanished more than two weeks ago, has led to nonstop coverage in the media worldwide. cnn's senior media correspondent
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brian stelter says the event is unprecedented and unlike any plane story the world has ever seen. >> this story is one of a kind, because it gets bigger every day by virtue of the fact that the plane still hasn't been found. it becomes a bigger mystery as it goes. [ speaking foreign language ] >> reporter: the mysteries behind that disappearance are so mind-boggling that no matter what your nationality, everybody's interested in what happened to that plane. >> reporter: with four missing french passengers on board mh-370, the story has been front-page news in france, says french anchor thomas misrachi, the interest undoubtedly fueled by the parallels to the disappearance of air france flight 447, which crashed off the coast of brazil nearly five years ago. though some debris was spotted on early in the search, it took almost two years to recover the voice and flight data recorders. >> obviously, for any news
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organization, it's a big problem to talk about a story with so little information. >> we begin with the latest on the search for the missing malaysian airlines flight -- >> reporter: with chinese nationals aboard, it's been especially difficult for china affiliate cctv. >> the chinese media has been intensely focused on this story, and especially on the feelings and on the struggle of the family members. >> there's been no shortage of criticism by media critics for the worldwide coverage. while some have called it a side show for a boost in ratings, others say the over coverage is too much with too few facts. nick valencia, cnn, atlanta. >> and that does it for us here. thanks for joining us in the "cnn newsroom." "cnn newsroom." i'm amara walker. -- captions by vitac --
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so good to see you on a sunday. thank you for spending some time with us, i'm christi paul. >> i'm victor blackwell. 6:00 on the east coast. beginning with breaking news in the hunt for missing malaysian flight 370. just moments ago, malaysian officials confirm they received new images from french satellites that can show potential objects in the southern search area. we'll get caught up in just a moment. eight pne


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