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tv   Santa Clara University Library Special Collections  CSPAN  March 4, 2017 12:53pm-1:09pm EST

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can build machines that care for aging humans, help surgeons to a better job, help lawyers make better decisions, two directions. the reason i'm optimistic is it comes down to human choice. i think the possibility the machines may make society much better. >> the c-span cities tour apple tv applicant san jose continues. next a trip to santa clara university as we go inside their special elections. >> we are here in special collections at santa clara university library, santa clara university. special collections are not only the keepers of the university library rare books collection but also keepers of santa clara's collective memory reflected in its record is and where we are particularly lucky, in this department, to have the
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mission santa clara manuscript collection which are the records generated by french is considering what we referred to as the fringes can era of mission santa clara so the time period from 1777, when mission santa clara was founded through 1851 when the land and the church grounds and missions buildings were handed over to the jesuits to found the university and they were founding the college to support the town of santa clara. there was no public school in the area at the time so there was a strong need for education in this part of california, adjacent to san jose etc.. though mission santa clara with the aid of 21 missions established in northern california from 1777 to i think
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1823 or early 1800s and another interesting note, it was the first four missions to be named for a woman, saint clare of assisi. the mission church on campus continued to serve as local parish church for the people of santa clara and it wasn't until 1852 the town of santa clara was incorporated as its own entity. the university and the sound of santa clara came of age together so hard to talk about the history of one without talking about the history of the other. the jesuits overall would have been using maybe not so much the manuscript material but in addition to the handwritten interior we have as part of this collection they also inherited about 250 of the vision library books as well. many of them were probably
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largely on theology but some also reflected missions and travel of the religious orders etc. so the library books in particular would have formed the core of the library's collection for the college as it was at the time but one other person who was key in terms of realizing what we had in collection was father spearman, who taught in the history department on campus but also the archivists in the 30s and 40s on campus. i don't know the specific details of how he stumbled across this collection but once he realized what we had in these materials, the significant point or time period in university
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history, he started a campaign to track down these materials that were dispersed in various offices on campus or in some cases they end did it is up in alma college which was the jesuit college associated with where many of the jesuits got their educational training in conjunction with religious life and activities there. some of those records we inherited at that time were helpful in identifying library books and the material that is part of this collection so when i have here are the material on this table are primarily the
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records from the mission from the church itself so these would have included your baptismal records, confirmation records, marriage records and burial records. basically from the time you're born to the time you die, he points in between the largely what is covered in our sacramental record so here in front of me i have the first book of baptism with the first baptism having taken place in the year 1777, the same year the mission was founded. the mission was founded. you can see in fairly good condition leather bindings of these records here and they see a little wear and tear over time but otherwise in fairly good condition considering how old they are but here is the title page identifying this as the first book of baptismal records and this one by father sarah and
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the early state on this is 1777 so there is some material including an index of the names associated with various baptisms and that continues for a couple pages. the more additional preparatory material and here we see the signature of the priest who identified most of the missions who were part of the mission system in northern california. we move on to our first baptism which is hard to read because the ink has faded, the first is clara names for st. clair for the mission is named and these were pretty consistently throughout the volume with the notation on one side of which
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number baptism and the name of the person and other information about them. the other thing i would like to talk about is not part of the sacramental records that we have here but significant part of the manuscript material that we have at this particular volume we referred to as miscellany because it has over 200 down to manuscript, individual manuscript covering a variety of topics related to how one might go about running various aspects of the mission including things like how to manage the kitchen, recipes for some medical information including inoculations to prepare for various ailments and so it is very informative in terms of a better sense of what daily life
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was like from the perspective of the franciscans and in terms of individuals they were there to support and care for. as you flip through this manuscript you can see there were a number of sections of material bound together and as we continue from left or from the front to the back of the volume you will start see the handwriting change which indicates it was written, this material was written down by a number of different people and attributed to all of this into one sort of handbook. .. .... ....
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>> it was, when you think about modern convenience of today, it was a hard life. a long, rigorous journey for them. a lot of people -- and especially, you know, this is before the gold rush era here in california so before you had the huge influx of settlers from all over the world really coming into this area. for santa clara in comparison to san francisco, i would guess that it was a much quieter very much around the symbol of life, lots of farming, etc. one of the other things i have pulled today is our choir book from among the mission in santa
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clara manuscript collection. as i mentioned, music in general was a part of life in the missions. but we have learned that santa clara in particular was known for the concerts that they did hear in the mission church that drew attendees from the surrounding areas. some of the choir books we have here are, as you can see, massi massive. it was, i suspect probably, designed so it would be hard to walk away with it. also, i think the size lent to being able to be read easily by a small group of people standing around it. so the larger musical notation we see and the large letters should have been easy enough to
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read for a small group of musicians clustered around it. i have it open to the feast of st. claire since -- because st. claire is the namesake of mission santa clara. the volume, as i said, is pretty heavy. it actually has leather over wooden boards that are probably half to three quarters of an inch thick and really beautiful heavy duty brass fittings on the front and the back. for being as old as it is, it has held up pretty well and i think that is largely due to it being made from high quality materials that lend to long term preservation. the paper is parchment or animal skin. you can see some of these physical features like these holes here along the edges, which would have been used to
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help them draw the line for the musical scores and then the lyrics to accompany the music as well. so, it is a thing of beauty as you can see. and again, just a really significant part of mission santa clara's history. so, some of the other material that helped us study and understand the mission a little bit better -- we do have a number of maps. these are not from the so-called franciscan era. these were drawn up by most likely, i think, primarily by the jesuits after inheriting the ground overall. and our collection does also include photographic material that gives snapshots into what the buildings were like at the time that santa clara college was founded. and this is -- i mean we are
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lucky to have this because this is very much in the early period of photography in general. any kind of graphic representation that we have would have been painting or artworks or etchings that were prepared to publication. a lot of what we have to rely on wooled have been hand drawn. for the last portion of materials i pulled out here, we are starting to focus more on the early part of what we would think of as santa claire university modern history. that starts with the significant turning point of when the jesuits were given administration hof the mission church and grounds to found santa clara college. we actually have this letter from joseph almany to father nobly and in this letter he is formally giving over that
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responsibility to father nobly who founded santa clara college. in addition to studying what would have been considered general scientific or mathematic education at the time, the faculty were also very actively soliciting samples from the local mining industry so this would have included both geographical samples of materials or look at gold mining, silver mining and quicksilver mining. in addition to being these instruments reflect not only the education of the students but when you start to follow the threads and connections to the local community we see it was connected to local mining activities happening in the area. so, again, we are seeing not only this focus and mission to provide education to the students who attended here but also to have very practical
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connections and applications to the local surrounding community of which santa clara continues to be a part of. in short, these are really rich, historical materials for getting a better understanding of what life was like. having a good understanding of the past helps build the future. even if you are not an expert in the subject, there is always something valuable that i think anyone can take away by looking at and engaging with these materials. it always creates a really mazing, transformative experience regardless of the purposes that are driving them to come look at the materials. it really does bring history and life in general to life in ways


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