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tv   Santa Clara University Library Special Collections  CSPAN  March 5, 2017 10:23am-10:40am EST

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if we are all interconnected it might be some better thing but it won't be about humanity. i get into this book thinking about the question of what our relationship going to be with his machines a decade from now i'm not going make it a good one not indestructible and? i came away from the book thinking it's not an open and shut case, but the reason to be optimistic is, it's a human choice how we designed these machines. i think we can go into different directions. we can make machines that are incredibly destructive. can make machines that surveillance, take away our privacy, tell us or we can build machines that care for aging humans, help surgeons to a better job, help lawyers make better decisions. so there are two directions. the reason i'm optimistic is it comes down to human choice.
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i think there's a possibility machines may make society much better. >> the c-span cities tour and booktv forgot san jose continues. next, a trip to santa clara university as we go inside their special collections. >> so we are here in archives and special productions and a santa clara university library on the campus of santa clara university. here in archives and special collections are not only the keepers of university libraries rare books collection but also the keepers of santa clara elected member as reflected in its records. we are particularly lucky here in this department actually have what we call the mission santa clara manuscript collection which are the records generated by what we refer to the franciscan era of mission santa clara. so the time period between 1777 when mission santa clara was
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founded through 1851 when the land and the church grounds and mission buildings et cetera were handed over to the jesuits to found the university, and they were founding the college to support the 10th of santa clara. there was no really public school in the area at the time, so there really was a strong need for education in this part of california, northern california in particular, i've been adjacent to san jose, et cetera. submission santa clara was the eighth at one omissions a stop in northern california between 1777-1823, early 1800s. and another interesting note is that it was the first of four missions of his 21 mission system to be named for a woman,, st. clair of the cc. as i mentioned to say, the
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mission church on campus continue to serve as the local parish church for the people of santa clara and actually was until 1852 that the town of santa clara was actually incorporate as its own entity hereby. so the university and the town of santa clara grew up in, came to a together. they talk about history of one without talk about the history of the other. the jesuits overall would have been somewhat using maybe not so much the manuscript material but in addition to the handwritten letter that we have as part of this collection they also inherited probably about 250 of the nations library books as well pick many of them are probably largely on theology, but some of them also reflected missions and travel of some of the religious orders et cetera. so the scum of the library books
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in particular would have formed the core of the library collection for the college as it was at the time. but one for the person who's really key in terms of realizing what we had in this collection was father spearman who was taught here in the history department on campus but that also was the archivist in about the 30s and 40s i think here on campus. and so i don't know all of the very specific details about how we first stumbled across this collection once he realized what we had in these materials, the significant point of time. in the universities history, he started a campaign to attract out all of his victories which it kind of been dispersed either in various kind of offices on campus or in some cases they
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ended up in the college which was the sort of just would call associate with was where many of the jesuits got their educational training in conjunction with the religious life and activities there. so some of those records that we inherited at that point i'm really helpful in identifying both library books as well as the manuscript materials are part of this collection. so what i pulled you today are the materials on this table are primarily the sacramental records from the mission, from the church itself. so these would've included your baptismal records, confirmation records, marriage records and burial records pics of basically from the time you're born until the time you die and key points in between are largely what's covered in our sacramental
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record. so here in front of me i have that very first book of baptism with the very first baptist mapping taken place i believe in the year 1777 which is the same year that the nation was founded. and so you can see the worn but still in fairly good condition leather bindings of these records here, and then they has seen a little wear and tear over time, but otherwise are in fairly good condition, considering how old they are. so here is your title page identifying this as our first book of baptismal records, and this one is signed actually by father sarah. and it always date on this as a said 1777. there's material including an index here of the names associate with the very
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baptisms, and that continues for a couple of pages. some more additional preparatory material and he would actually do see the signature of the priests who ministered many of the nations that were part of the missions system here in northern california. and then we move on to our very first baptist which unfortunately is kind of hard to read because the ink has faded d but the first to record here is clara, name for st. clair whom the mission is named. and then these continue pretty consistently throughout the volume with a notation you're on one side of what number baptism this is and then the name of the person, other information about them. the other thing i'd like to talk about on this table is not part of ours sacramental records that we have here, but is a
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significant part of the manuscript material that we have. this particular volume, we refer to it as miscellany because it has over 200-pound manuscripts, come individual manuscripts, if you will, covering a variety of topics that related to how one might go about running various aspects of the nation. including things like how to manage the kitchen, recipes, there's some medical information including inoculations are to prepare for various ailments, et cetera pick such really very informative engines of having a better sense of what daily life was like, both from the perspective of the franciscans and also in terms of the individuals they were there to support and care for. as you flip to this manuscript
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you can see there are a number of sections and material bound together. and as you continue from the front toward the back of the volume you will start to see the handwriting change, which indicates that it was written, this material was written down by a number of different people and attributed to come we attribute the body to all of this into one sort of handbook but we really do get some good insight into what life was like pre-united states, pre-california as a state, pre-general, you know, governance governance as we know it today, et cetera. many of them come in terms of the spanish and mexican colonizers as well as early california settlers many of them had traveled long distances either by shift or across the
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country, and it was, when you think about modern conveniences today, a very hard life. it was a long, rigorous, ruling grueling journey for the a lot of people, and especially this is before the gold rush era here in california, so before you have this huge influx of settlers from all over the world really coming into this area. so for santa clara especially in comparison to san francisco, i would guess that it was a much quieter, very pastoral life, very much around the simple things of life, lots of farming, you know, et cetera. one of the other things that i pulled today is our choir book from among the mission of santa clara manuscripts collection. as i mentioned, music in general i think was a pretty significant part of services in life in the
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mission, but we have learned that santa clara in particular was known for the concerts that they did here in mission church that drew attendees, you know, from nearby areas. the mission choir book we have is, as you can see, massive. i suspect probably designed so that would be really hard to grow legs and walk away among other things, but also i think the size of it as well laid itself to be able to be easily read by a small group of people standing about it. and so the larger musical notation that we see in the large letters would've been come should've been easy to read for a small group of musicians clustered around it. so i have it open here to -- because st. clair is the
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namesake of mission santa clara, and the volume itself as a set is pretty heavy. and actually has leather over wooden boards that are probably at least i have a three course of an inch thick and thin is really beautiful heavy-duty brass fittings on the corners of both the front and the back. for being as old as it is, it's held up pretty well for the most part. i think that's largely due to the fact that it's made of some really good high quality materials are lent itself to longer term preservation. the paper itself is actually parchment or animal skin, and then you can see some of these physical features like these holes are along the edges which would been used to help them draw the lines, those for the musical scores and then the lyrics to accompany the music as well. so it is a thing of beauty as you can see, and again, just a
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really significant part of mission santa clara is history. so some of the other material that help with study and understand the nation a little bit better, we do have a number of maps. these are not from the so-called franciscan era. these were drawn up by most likely i think primarily by the jesuits after inheriting the grounds over all, then our collection does also include some photographically true that gives us some snapshots into what the buildings were like at the time that santa clara college was founded. and this is, i mean, we're lucky to have this because this is very much in the early period of photography in general. so any kind of graphic representations that we have would either been paintings or
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other artworks are etchings that were prepared for publications. so a lot of what we happen to rely on what event hand-drawn at the time. so for the next portion of materials that i pulled out here, we really starting to focus a little bit more on the early part of what we would think of as santa clara university modern history. that all starts with a significant turning point of when the jesuits were given administration of the mission church and grounds to found santa clara college we have this letter from joseph alamein in to father nobly and in this letter he is formally giving over that responsibility to father nobly cofounded santa clara college. in addition to studying what would've been considered general scientific or mathematic
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education at the time, the faculty were also very actively soliciting samples from the local minding industry pics of this would have included both geographical samples of material to look for or look at gold mining, so her then quicksilver might as well. and so in addition to being, these incidents reflect that on the education of the students but when you start to kind of follow the threads and the connections to the local community we see that it was very much also connected to local mining activities happening in the area. so again we are seeing not only this focus and mission to provide education to the students who attended here, but also some very practical connections and applications to the local surrounding community of which santa clara was a part, and continues to be a part. in short, these are really rich
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historical materials for getting a better understanding of what life was like. and i've always found personally that having a good understanding of our past which forms both are present and our future. even if you are not an expert on the subject, there's always something valuable that i think anyone can take away by looking at and engaging with these materials. it always creates a really amazing transforming experience for anyone regardless of the purposes that are driving them to come and look at these materials. it really does. it sounds a little cliché but it really does bring history and life in general to life in ways that, that are just really amazing. >> while in san jose caught up with author anne fountain, author of the book "jose marti, the united states, and race"


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