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tv   Not So Golden After All  CSPAN  August 24, 2017 12:46am-1:05am EDT

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were during the civil war, just how much the civil war changed gender roles ended to do differently in the north and south. in the union, nurses were actually really heavily involved in things like the suffrage movement after the war. they are quite active. southern women were not. but they were politically active in white supremacy and i think that is a really important lesson to take from all of this. of course television hasn' hasnt helped because ask anybody east of the rockies and they allyboda think that they driveians dri convertibles and drive with a
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dog in the back and drink beer. that's what commercials have been about but that isn't what california is about. i have studied the state for 50 years or more and you then realize that it is so topsy-turvy it is like a roller coaster gone bad it can be a booming state economically, it can be a state that embraces immigrants. it is a flowing water enabling everybody to grow and use
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whatever purpose and it could be another five or six years later there's nothing to drink. i i mean, there are so many in california and just when we think we are going to get to the top of things, that is the rise and fall.is it comes up is down. but at the end of the day, it's certainly i think the most exciting place to be. be. the rise has been up and down. it's not just one ascendant. california had a credible boomom in the gold rush. that's what started it all. people came to california and basically store the state. obviously someone put it more gently but that is what happens. the spanish or mexican and by that time because of the revolt in spain that is why they called it the revolt about six shots
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but the idea was relatively few white men all of whom would come here and believe me it was hard to get here stage a coup and it became an easy thing to do once mexico signed the treaty and guadalupe hidalgo ending the mexican-american war and so that's sort of sets the stage for the revolt as it is called and the state just doomed during the gold rush it couldn't come fast enough. and that is when we solve the immigration wave of the chinese coming to california to help the next segment of the movement and that was the transcontinental railroad. so for those 30 years or so there was an awful lot of hustl and bustle chain chain a state, and it became more diverse.
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all these things happened and you could argue that during that period we were going up and then of course things changed, not that we had to go immediately found at the period that california was rather tranquil. the gold rush ended almost abruptly it sees and became sort of an agrarian state. after world war ii it was important. all these people that worked. it is believe it or not making college free during the 50s and 60s as the state put
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together. it's a higher education program in thand the university colleged community colleges. and it didn't last long enough as far as i am concerned. then that's when he and the board of regents began to install and they followed and the community colleges not so much. but there was a golden period and then during the 50s there was a lot of automobile manufacturing i and all the pars that go with automobiles and other manufacturing in california, the 70s and 80s were more difficult. the state began to move into a very serious period of discrimination and people don't
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remember this anymore between the 80s and '90s we passed some of the harshest anti-immigrant legislation that you could ever imagine. one proposition in 87 would have denied any benefits provided. it made english the states of the official language in anoth another. we were one of the first states to end this action so people don't remember this but during the 70s, 80s and 90s, this place went backward in terms of a number of the social issues people talk about today. and this is part of california and it is all turned around in
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terms over education you wouldn't recognize it is today y this is one of the most pro-he o immigrant state in the country. all you have to do is look at the fact that non-hispanic whites, the majority of the population and their numbers have now moved up in the state legislature and the local offices. and so, you know, because of the incredible growth of the various minorities, the state has become much more sensitive and so now states and drivers licenses and they can go to college and gette state loans and state aid. sanctuary cities popped up everywhere and as we speak, the state is on the verge of making california the first sanctuary a state so it is like a massive
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wave that doesn't go in the same direction. as part of the excitement and exhilaration for the state and for some the heartbreak of thehe state. when you look at the central valley that is 400 miles long, the richest land he will find anywhere the only missing ingredient is water and there had been some water wars that they made movies out of in chinatown. they stored water from the valley. water war wars in and the states larger than just that little area. 80% of the water is number one owned goes to agriculture. 80% for agricultural related activities. that leaves 20% for the rest of the state including people who like to drink a couple times a day. add onto that 75% of the water in the state that comes from
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northern california, the sierras and the rain in northern california. two thirds, one third of the water is generated in southern california to the problem of southern california has two thirds of the population and northern company which by the way is very generous because a lot of people's just north. don't tell that to the people in california because as hard as they are concerned we are all urban scum, but the fact that most of the water is in northern company must of the population in southern california said the problem in itself and add onto that agriculture uses about 80% of the water and sets up an incredible competition and figh between farmers and environmentalists coupled with urban users, so the battle here
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is endless. you're not going to find more water in california. if you are lucky you will get a decent. alone accounts for one third of our water. no snow, you're in trouble. but the colorado aquifer, the aquifer in central valley which now has been drained thanks to the drought. so if they are always looking for water and the environmentalists are always saying the more water you take a specialty in detail to end the water coming down the river if you circumvent that and pour it into agriculture, the more you are endangering fish and lots of species. that's one of the headaches we've have the last 40 years. we talk about president trump
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denying california money if the states to cooperate with the fact of the matter is that as aa donor state and by that, i mean theyey contribute millions of dollars more to the federalra government then we get back. the donor state has one of the largest donor states are bound. to the south they are recipient states in the midwest same thing so ironically they get the most in the federal governmenfrom tho the richest states are the ones that don't. it's been an off and on relationship and i will say that having someone like nancy pelosi is the speaker come even as the minority leader has been helpful to the state. the two senators for the longest time and dianne feinstein and barbara boxer and the minority in the senate, that matters, right or wrong.
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we have 53 members of the house, the largest delegation by far although rarely do they actuallh put together, but they can, and when they do their vote can count for a lot. add up all those things, and we've got the brains here and that's not to say there are not brains other places but there is such a concentration of talent, such a concentration of so many smart people doing so many smart things. it's just one of those things that happens all the time and no, it doesn't always work, but it does when it does it just changes everything. i remember one time walking through this book and i saw a sign on the whitehall, salesperson or ask forill firs forgiveness later, that kind of mentality exists there but it doesn't exist in washington. the way we are always going to
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do things. so in the status quo california is the wild west and so there is a culture differential to begin with and i think that sometimes causes tension. it depends on the administrati administration. bill clinton and barack obama saw great benefits from california and managed to get congress (-open-paren final this money through mass transit, rnc, hope filled with the programs of their federal funds for the space exploration and things like that because of all the talent.e george w. bush was rather benign and trump is going to be interesting. some people are already pulling
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their hair out because he california, i don't know that he does but maybe he does. we have kevin mccarthy and some pretty sharp people republicans and democrats in congress which will be able to exercise a little common sense and leverage, so i'm not so sure that someone like president trump would be able to turn this upside down. .. trump would be able to turn this state upside down, but it's definitely going to be a different era to play itself out. california matters because it is so often the first and if it's not the first is among the first. but if you look at things like environmentalism, by the way democrats and republicans, arnold schwarzenegger will go down in history for a lot of things but in terms of his governmental legacy will be 8032, which is the bill that initiated california and the
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larger percentage of its power from alternative energy way ahead of everybody else. this was pretty amazing so the environmentalism is here, the women's movement. one third of the congress is female, that is about double the national average. one third of the congress membership is minority which is close to double the national average so this state in so many ways has set the trend not always in the right direction.
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it is the sixth largest country in the world in terms of economic development. only five nations are more powerful than us in terms of the economy. so, we have used that leverage in a lot of ways to move ahead, and a lot of states have come to emulate us. my hope is people learn more about california. it's a very exciting place, very fast-paced. so many innovations come and change the world. i would like them to realize the complexity of the state and the diversity is also the bounty.
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there's so much we learn from each other in california. it's a state where everybody can somehow get some presentation depending on what group or person they belong to. it's also a conflict. there are competing values in the state. the far right has its allegiance in the states, and the left of course does as well. there's so much action and activity, so much energy. i think for that reason it is exciting. it could be tiring and exhausting. there's all kinds of problems here but problems or not it is a stage that looks to move most of the time forward, sometimes not.
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>> one of the things we'd like to do on booktv is visit various cities to tour their literary historical sites and visit with offers. tonight on prime time, we are showing you some of those stocks. >> sex, drugs and rock 'n roll in the counterculture. my book focuses on kind of the whole of america american bohema certain extent, so i go back and talk about figures like members of the left and the early 20th century john reid, i talk about the hipsters, that i focus on

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