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tv   John F. Kennedys Life in Photos  CSPAN  July 30, 2017 6:00pm-6:40pm EDT

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lowest point, we had one of reagan, and tip o'neill, who came together and acted, along with congress, to make social security solvent into the future. hands this, wringing of about social security so security -- social security can be self immediately. >> tonight on c-span book tv. >> each week american artifacts takes viewers into archives, museums and historic sites around the country. former president john fitzgerald kennedy was born on may 29, 1917. to mark the centennial of the smithsonian american art museum collected dozens of images that chronicle the life of the 35th president.
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>> the smithsonian american art museum allows me to the guest curator of this exhibit on jfk. i photographed a lot of politicians. i started with richard nixon, governor brown in california and and many of the events he was present at. why this exhibit here in the american art museum at this time? it is the centennial of his birth 100 years ago on may 29. how do you put an exhibit like this together? first you start with a few researchers. we collected 34,000 photographs of jfk and his family. six months and
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became the basis of a very important book that we published. from those 400 odd pictures in the book we were able to select 77 photographs that we felt told the story of jf k and his life and times. john f. kennedy was a president who saw america's place in the world. he was a man who understood history, who served in world war ii. he understood the issues of civil rights. he understood many of the conflicts around the world. exhibit addresses the issue of jfk's vision for america. of the life and
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his times. pictures from the family scrap book are very interesting. just like any other kid, little did he know he might be the president of the united states. that's what the cars look like in those days. as jfk got out in the world themselves, very few people know when he win off the college he got in trouble once or twice. the family traveled a lot and kennedy got a lot of experience. they were a catholic family.
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this is a family portrait. his mother kept everybody in tow. college went away to ,ith a graduation picture there he served at the armed forces. he wants to know he was very much involved in saving lives. crew of theof the vehicle that capsized in the war. .e hurt his back a little bit many toas considered by be one of the many war heroes who served in the armed forces. when his father was ambassador to great written he was looking my sonfor a job and said
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knows a lot about history. maybe you can find a job for him for what we would call today -- he went off to san francisco and reported on the formation of the united nations. he wrote a column every couple of days. a service man's view was one of the titles. that started the show not only his writing ability but his understanding of where america was. and what his vision for the country should be. this is one of those photo booth shots. very small. they used to pay two cents in those days. of course strolling down the
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dc, ethelwashington was married to his brother robert kennedy, who i photographed quite a bit. i did a lot of campaign photography with him. there are these iconic images that will take us through history. here is one of the most famous life magazine pictures, when 1958, thiss born in is taken by a fine photographer. it's one of those iconic images. life magazine and many of the publications covered the kennedys quite a bit. can see in the early years the photographs from the golden
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age of journalism. that was before television became the communicator of the world. these are the magazines that were published then. and newspapers, the new york times, the springfield republican, and books that jfk wrote himself in the most famous book that won the pulitzer prize profiles in courage. you are not only seeing the history of jfk but how his image was communicated to the world at large. and the photographs in this exhibit are printed the exact same way they would have been , 11 by 14 ine 60's size. we use the same technology of the 60's. when you see this exhibit and you are see in the photographs as you would have had you lived in the 60's and picked up a
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magazine, it would have been just like you are going to see here at the american art museum. all these magazines and newspapers you are seeing, you are probably saying to yourself how do they keep them if the or theyars? believe it or not were all obtained on ebay. ebay is probably the biggest archive in the world. we built an entire archive of jfk as he was seen around the world just by spending about a week on ebay purchasing these historic works. of course you have to pay the postage. you see this young man starting to run for congress, kind of
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sitting there. in 1946 when he gets elected for congress. his father hired not only the ,est photographers in the world but also they hired advertising agencies to properly promote the image of the kennedy family and jfk as he started to run for political office. the composition of this picture is not only the product of the photographer but product of a good smart advertising guy. that posters part of the madman here a. jfk was the first president in the great flannel suit.
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was.ural public speaker he shows withtograph the technology of the day was, not these fine video cameras that give you such clarity. here jfk is under the spotlight. his father said to him you appeal to women you will get yourself elected. 200 women lined up to meet jfk in massachusetts. and there is a joke about that teacher. did some a say you better be on crutches. he would go out in the field for the first year of campaigning and being a congressman he went into his district. he went to the docks here.
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of course jfk and bobby kennedy are together working side by side. they had a very special bond. bobby was his campaign manager and advisor. of controversy when jfk becomes president because he appoints his rather as attorney general with not a lot of experience. bobby stood up to the task. he starts to really understand the weight of the issues around the world. jfk knew he was going to run for president and hope to get the nomination from the democratic party. he traveled widely in the united photographer who photographed him for a number of years is very interesting.
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you see jfk at a moment in which he has to make some strong decisions. over on this wall is one of the many pictures while being on the , he was life magazine actually a sports photographer, a famous boxing photographer. nobody could figure out why he got the six -- this assignment. 1953, it is a really beautiful picture and shows the spirit of jfk. of course and 57, prior to him running for president, the great photographer, who had more life magazine coverage than any other during life magazine's many years as a leading publication of the world and a beautiful portrait.
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jfk is the early years of and in a moment we will get into the years worth becomes a politician, a world leader and somebody who sets the stage and the foundation for america for foreign policy and a modern america. when jfk decided he was going to run for president, his father and hem an airplane called at the caroline, which was the name of his daughter. this picture of jfk land that jeff k leaving on his first campaign in the united states. here was this young member of there, outing out everywhere with his wife and family. not only was she lovable and
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huggable, but she related to people in a very human way. eventually when jfk goes to ,rance he crack's this remark i'm just a guy going along with jackie, she's really the star. but he went out on the campaign trail seeking the nomination of the democratic party. everywhere and there was nothing holier than thou about his campaign. he would go out to the .ppellation mountains campaign led to the democratic national convention, which took place in lots -- in los angeles california. i was working for life magazine
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they assigned me to who they thought would be the winner. i was assigned to photograph richard nixon. of course the strategy of getting that nomination was no easy task. one of the life photographers of roberticonic image and jfk in a hotel room, kind of deciding who they would offer the vice presidency to. lyndon johnson eventually becomes a running mate to jfk. i have seen this picture published in parts of the world where they are discussing the cuban missile crisis. or they are discussing armament. for this is a hotel where they are meeting with chris jeff --
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with khrushchev. it wasn't long before he secured that nomination and really had to go out on the road to -- out on the road to improve himself. in california he is up there with governor pat brown. preparing some notes for a democratic rally. the wonderful thing about the kennedys as they never push photographers or writers away. they knew that if they made themselves accessible to the media -- it was a groundswell. there is no question about it that the media coverage of jfk was the first time we had ever seen anything like it.
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--paigning in amarillo's amarillo, texas. jfk gets upset that lyndon johnson is hollering turn the engine off area he carried around a lot of the copies of this book called profiles in courage. he used to throw them out to the audience. the publisher sold a lot of copies of that version. it wasn't long until he came head-to-head with richard nixon. everyone thought richard nixon would win the election. what really turns the tide in a unique way with these first televised debates. the first debate here -- jackie
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is very nervous and she is off by the corner, kind of looking out in making sure that her husband is going to do the right thing. it was interesting when these debates started. nixon was the clear winner. he spoke very well. if you watched it as tens of millions of americans did, you saw very nervous richard nixon. yet you saw president john f. kennedy poised, relaxed, articulate, and many writers, including norman mailer, who wrote this incredible piece. place jfksion debates on the road to victory.
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the election was in november 8. casting their vote and i was in los angeles at the ambassador hotel with next and. this is a picture i made of the election votes coming in state-by-state. in the old days it was done by chalk. five minutes later he put in another one. the kennedy -- kennedy family that night was in -- here's jfk with his brother. is this interesting picture we saw before write up on the wall by hank walker. night, the electoral vote was very close and nobody
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knew. at 3:00 jfk needed 11 more electoral votes and a lot of people felt he wasn't going to get it. all of a sudden richard nixon decides to go on television, even though he had not lost the election yet. assigned to photograph next in, was with him at 3:00 in the morning. as he went to the podium at the ambassador hotel and conceded the election to jfk before he had actually won it. that was an extraordinary move. the boston globe announces his presidency and this is a wonderful picture taken, a very
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fine photographer. newspapersy morning arrive, by mid-day the election had been decided. kennedy became the first catholic president of the united states. he rallied his entire family here. peter lawford, who is an entertainer actor. kennedy, one of his sisters, his brother and father and at the end kennedy's husband over there. this is an interesting little moment. here is jackie looking up at her husband. a wonderful picture.
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there is the inauguration. an interesting snowy day. decided to walk from the white house to the inauguration. rather than just showing a picture of jfk making his speech, this is a very unique view to show. ask not what your country can do for you but what you can do for your country. it was an incredible call for action. the festivities continued.
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it was a brilliant occasion to be remembered. handsome, he understood the responsibilities. now we are going to come into the presidential years. from 19 xthe years the one through the tragic day. in dallas texas. jfk is a family man. of 63, he iser and yet overjohn here he is dressed with jackie. she was a person who understood the arts and understood the role that is played in american culture.
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when they went to france on a diplomatic trip, they were convinced the french government to allow the mona lisa. it was extraordinary. it was one of the art exchanges of the century. kennedy made this fine picture. here jackie views the plans for the redevelopment of the lafayette square park in the museum. fundsll help the grace and supported on the way back to 1958. tragically this is a unique onboard photograph. -- unique photograph.
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sheis wearing the same suit wore the day her husband lost his life in dallas. any time the kids had nothing to do, they were in the white house. they show up unannounced. in 1960 two, john john is playing around on the carpet. this is teddy's kids. and jfk posh kids. they would run around the compound and have a lot of fun. one of these pictures ended up being on the cover of the magazine. here is a famous picture taken in july of 19 three.
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this is a young 16-year-old kid by the name of the clinton. here he is meeting the president of the united states. he was there with the -- he had this opportunity. a photograph that clinton uses. above it is a picture taken in 1962. he was a photographer in that time, working for the los angeles times. kennedy would spend a lot of time with his brother-in-law and his sister in malibu california just outside of l.a.. jfk would run out to get a bit of that warm california water.
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little the public would recognize the president is out there. shoes and went out and made this memorable picture in august of 1962 of the president surrounded by a crowd out there on malibu beach. around every publication in the world, gerald ford years later will explore the same thing. a picture of chair leaning over his reading desk behind his regular desk. a lot of people feel like use reading the newspapers. as some of you know he had back problems and had a back brace. his wasture position of
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very helpful in straightening out his back and that the same time reading the newspaper. before jfk probably the most beloved president the united states had was franklin delano roosevelt, who was always in a wheelchair. he never wanted to be photographed in the wheelchair. whereas jfk, who had back problems, didn't mind being photographed, no matter whether he was able to run down the street or couldn't even move. this picture of him being wasted into the airplane because he can't climb steps very well, even though he could walk down them. jfk was never afraid to be photographed. he wanted to be known as being human. that was something quite extraordinary about the kennedys.
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now we are getting into jfk's 100 days in his political years. that came outngs which wasy of pigs, the invasion of cuba supported by the united states and the cia. it led to the cuban missile crisis in which castro led missiles that could almost hit any target in the united states to be housed and made operational in cuba. of course this is a picture of castro and crew chev -- and crew chev -- and khrushchev. when america discovers russia placed continental missiles on the island of cuba, jfk went in
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front of the united nations in and said we have to meet the challenges of our age and put into effect policies , germany,with berlin laos, south vietnam and so forth. it was introduced for the first time very seriously to the atomic bomb area did this is a picture i made in los angeles of school kids being taught about the effect of the bomb and how they had run into the halls and protect themselves. it shows this dock and recovery situation that we are all being educated to the effect of in japan orons, not some other place in the world, but right here and home.
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kennedy made this speech concerning the soviet missiles and cuba to the nation. it wasn't long after that, about kennedyhs later that and the world is faced with the effects of the berlin wall. germany in june of 1963 and made his very famous speech there that he supported germany and supported a unified america was not going to stand around and allow this to happen. negotiate with the soviet union. he met with khrushchev indiana -- khrushchev in vienna. this picture was taken prior to the summit, i think the evening before.
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it also shows how jackie, the great asset jfk, was truly an ambassador to the world. early in 61 when president kennedy gave his speech that we are going to have to beat the russians. this is a photograph of jfk touring and being educated about the different types of missiles that would carry a man into space. 1963 jfk had to start to prepare for reelection campaign in 64. becoming anh was area, even though lyndon johnson was his vice president, that she had to renew his support. a trip was planned to fort worth and dallas. this picture of jackie arriving
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showslas on november 22 the warm reception. areaey entered into an three shots rang out. before we knew it the president and theped forward secret service had ordered the car to be rushed to the hospital. unknownture taken by an tog river, translated by the associated press gives you the feeling of the urgency and the moment. it wasn't long before walter cronkite, perhaps the best-known toscaster on television had announce not only to america but the world at large that jfk had not only been shot but his life had been lost and he had succumbed to the bullets that
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had entered his head. a photograph of jfk placed in a store window is really a reminder that you couldn't move without seeing some memory of jfk. a few days later there was this incredible funeral procession after jfk's body was brought back to washington. jackie kennedy had shaped the funeral arrangements very much patterned after abraham blackmail and her two children by her side walked to arlington national cemetery and anyk was buried
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terminal flame was lit over the place where he was buried. a lot of people know i was in dallas when jfk was killed. i didn't put any of my own autographs here in the exhibition. here's a picture of lee harvey oswald that tragic day, a famous iconic image of the gun oswald used to shoot it jfk. as a working journalist i was at a lot of these events. i felt this exhibit would serve a better purpose showing the work of our colleagues rather than some lesser pictures. as i look around the walls here and remember the months that went into putting this exhibit all of these photographs by photographers i , hadthat i traveled with
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breakfast or dinner with, it was quite an experience, looking back on history and remembering those moments. struggles tohard get. it looks like it's very easy to take. looking for the decisive moment. proud that they all get intoe to kind of their archives and find the images that tell a story of john f. kennedy and his vision for america.
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can watch this and other american artifacts programs anytime by visiting our website q&a, talking about his book -- one of the longest and bloodiest battles of the vietnam war. because thed me military command was so out of touch with the reality of what was happening in the streets. they got a lot of young americans killed. they denied that the city had been taken. it was a fact that he had continued to deny it the whole time the battle was fought. never wouldence have conceived the sheer number of forces. a small number of marines and
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troopers were being ordered to that were helds overwhelmingly by superior enemy or since and entrenched positions. >> at eight eastern on c-span's q&a. we have been on the road meeting winners of this year studentcam documentary competition. in east lyme connecticut, second were handed $1500 for their documentary on environmental justice. and then at middle school, --orable mention winners received $250 on health care. -- a second place prize of $1500 for their documentary on the wage gap.
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highnts from north hampton won and honorable mention prize of 250 dollars for their documentary on sanctuary cities and immigration reform. -- received an honorable mention prize attunement $50 on the opioid epidemic. students in all the the 2017 studentcam documentary competition. studentcam 2018 starts september we are asking students to choose any provision of the u.s. constitution and creative video illustrating why the vision was important. >> taken american history tv on the road to feature histories across america.


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