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tv   Native Americans in San Luis Obispo  CSPAN  April 14, 2019 7:54pm-8:01pm EDT

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it has been an honor and a privilege. i yield the floor. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] >> you're watching american history tv all weekend every weekend on c-span3. this year, c-span is touring cities across the country, exploring american history. visita look at our recent to san luis obispo, california. you're watching american history tv all weekend every weekend on c-span3. >> our membership is comprised of people, families whose ancestry dates back to this one region for well over 10,000 years. with the coming of the mission and the missionaries, there was a lot of destruction they brought with them. and also they brought with them
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ideologies that were not compatible with a lot of indigenous people. and they brought horrific european diseases of which we have no immunity, causing mass deaths of native people in california, and i imagine throughout the united states and other continents. >> we are on sacred ground right now. and most of the time, that is considered because of the mission. but actually where we are right now is where our relatives are buried, underneath this plaza, a burial ground that was paved over at one point. and so, it was our family members and relatives that helped build this mission. so, the sacredness of this place comes to us from a different perspective. >> so we're the people of the full moon. this area here was a village, it
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is in reference to the entire geographical area. we use san luis obispo county as a general way of referencing our homeland. we have vast areas to the east, santa maria river to the south, ragged point to the north, and then of course to the west is the ocean. and the ocean, the shore that you see now is not the same as it was thousands of years ago. certainly our homeland extends into the pacific ocean for i don't know how far. we know they participated in the construction of the mission, for food and sometimes housing, and oftentimes it was a forced situation. there's other features throughout the city of san luis of this bow -- san luis obispo. we sort of called the mission-era, built by native people. we have writings, information
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from my grandmother that some people hid. we know of at least one village where people went to, to try and hide from conscriptions, from missionaries needing more and more labor. that's kind of what they did. they would start with the people that were closest, and then branch out to find more labor. a supply route for the spanish government up the coast. >> if you go on top, there's a statue of junipero serra. it's well-documented, he hethe horrific past participated in and the decimation of our tribe and various tribes up and down the coast. as we have seen across the country with statues going down,
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people want to be told what really happened. and it's a big, hidden story, you know? and it's not one to necessarily be proud of, but it's one we need to stand up to. because if we're ever going to heal, some of those things, we have got to at least recognize what happened. and then move forward. >> i think mission plaza itself is a really wonderful venue for the community, for different kinds of gatherings. it is attached to the mission, and probably exists because of the mission, but it wasn't that long ago that this whole area was kind of derelict. and the city leaders decided to turn it into what you see now. so this part is really nice. the statues that we have here are really pretty. we really enjoy those. but as far as the monuments, for
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us, you know, it's these hills, the sky, the ocean, the land, these are our monuments. we're talking about 1772. there's a strong and vibrant tribe of people right now, and that tribe of people has existed forever. so, i want to make sure that the context of today isn't lost, because we are sitting here in front of a mission dated 1772. we have a deep history here, but our history didn't end. some people may have thought that we were all gone, but that failed. we're still here, and there's a lot of donating just don't heaney people san luis obispo california is one of the many cities we to explore the american story.
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to watch more of our visit to san luis obispo, and other cities across the country, go to c-span.org/cities tour. you're watching "american history tv," all weekend, every weekend, on c-span3. "presidency," insiders offer their rec -- recollections of the presidential retreat in the maryland mountains. it was president franklin d roosevelt who first used the hideaway and who set the president for hosting dignitaries there when he invited british prime minister winston churchill to be his guest. the george w. bush presidential center in dallas hosted this hour-long program. mid 43rd president, who shares his own camp david memories. ladies and gentlemen, please welcome the chief executive officer executive officer of the george w. bush presidential center, ken hirsch.

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