tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN September 12, 2014 12:00pm-2:01pm EDT
president clinton and both president bush has laid. we've seen the outcome that americorps members reduce. improving the literacy in schools where they work. we are sure congress will fund this calling that has meant so much to so many and keep america strong. and we will keep doing our part. [applause] that is why i created a task force to expand and improve national service. we are creating new models of partnerships. we have reached out to the private sector. americorps is as effective today as it has ever been. we have created new americorps programs to address specific needs. for example, fema corps -- [applause] trains and deploys national service members to help communities recover from disasters like hurricanes and tornadoes. school turnaround americorps
sense talented individuals into underperforming schools. the new justice americorps will pair lawyers and paralegals with unaccompanied immigrant children to get them legal help. [applause] stem americorps is mobilizing scientists and engineers to inspire young people to discover and tinker and innovate and make things. [applause] businesses brought and nonprofits on board. we have seen again and again how national service helps people gain valuable skills and training and employers have noticed. we want to do more to help talented national service members find good jobs after they wrap up their service. that is the idea behind an initiative we are announcing today called employers of national service. if you are an employer who wants to hire talented, dedicated, patriotic skilled and tireless, energetic workers, look to
americorps. look to the peace corps. [applause] and organizations like the disney company at american red cross and the city of nashville, united way, and others are signing up. they know what we know -- citizens who perform national service are special. you want them on your team. as of a few minutes ago, that includes our newest members, americorps class of 2014. [applause] catherine, who just took the pledge. she is helping homeless veterans find housing for habitat for humanity in washington. you have got jason, who took the pledge and through city year, ae is going to be leading team of tutors for kids like
herself and her old neighborhood in southeast d.c. who you just heard from, is mentoring young people through public allies in their maryland. 75,000 of this year's class will spread out and make america safer, healthier, more fair and just. like all those who serve their country through americorps, they do not just believe in, but live out a fundamental truth. that is that people who love their country can change it. that is the genius of america. that is the promise of americorps. so of the reasons i am committed to this program and why i am so hopeful about the future. we are proud of you. that goes for all the americorps members over the years. i will always be proud to serve a country where there is such striving, dreaming citizens like all of you. congratulations. god bless you. god bless america. thank you, president clinton.
>> in the new class of theirorps, celebrating 20th anniversary. they swore in the first group of the south lawn of the white house. former president bill clinton mentioning barbara mikulski. the senator from maryland tweeting "i introduced a bipartisan resolution recognizing the service of americorps across the u.s.." "happy 20tho tweets anniversary, americorps." more at twitter.com/c-span. congress asbers of we watch the two presidents head back to the white house. president -- former president bill clinton and his wife, hillary clinton, will be at the .arkin state
clinton and president obama had back into the lighthouse, the first ladyident and will be part of the steak fry on saturday. put on by iowa senator tom harkin. atwill have live coverage 3:30 eastern here on c-span. we talked to senator harkin recently about he invited bill and hillary to this year's steak fry. come i put in a request to hillary and i spoke with her personally some time ago. she was getting ready to do her book tour. she was going to go on her book tour. she said i do not know what that is going to be like and how that is going to transpire. i would really like to do it. can you give me some time to figure out what my schedule is going to be like? i said sure. then i saw bill in california had a health-care event. i saw bill clinton there.
of course we started commiserating about this. as he was walking, he was signing some of his books. i told him i invited hillary clinton to speak at my steak fry. too.d you should come, i said that would be great. couple to couple. yeah i would love it. he said i will. they did. that is a great honor to have them. bill and hillary have provided countryadership for our in the past. i served on the committee in the senate under tech candidate with hillary clinton the time she was in the senate. we had a great relationship and the senate. i think she did an outstanding
job as our secretary of state. as i have traveled around the world for the last few years, it has been amazing how the statue has lovelyy clinton among women and girls around the world. among womena fire and girls in different countries around the world. in very high esteem. >> the former senator and the former secretary of state hillary clinton and her husband coming to the iowa steak fry this sunday. it will be her first return to iowa since 2008. the iowa caucus steak fry is sunday at 3:30 eastern. live coverage on c-span. in 15 minutes, live coverage of attorney general eric holder. he will be speaking to the hispanic bar association, talking about the 50th anniversary of the 1964 civil
rights act. life coverage here on c-span. in the meantime, a portion of this morning's "washington journal." washington, d.c. continues. >> -- "washington journal" continues. host: michael barone joins us. longtime political analyst from the "washington examiner" and the co-host of "the author of american politics." recently wrote the piece. "how the g.o.p. got this way" in the "washington examiner." but michael barone, what does the republican party stand for today? guest: well, the republican party stands more for markets than big government as compared for the democrats that stand more for big government than big markets. it stands to some extent for traditional values. both our political parties over our history have been somewhat
ambiguous about what they stand for, because they are trying to do something that parties in parliamentary democracies don't have to do, which is get 50% of the votes. and in our highly, culturally diverse society. some people say we are suddenly culturally diverse, we have always been culturally and economically diverse in many ways. but it's something both parties struggle to do, and to put that stone up that mountain like sis fist and then sooner or later the stone comes rolling back down the mountain and the work begins again. >> host: ronald ragan used to talk about the big tent. are the parties big tents today? guest: the hearts are pretty big tents today. one of the phenomenons we see going on, and we see it in both
parties, really. something that i call the winger's second-term revolt. i mean, over the past 100 years of american political history, you can see a pattern. it doesn't invariably obtain, but it tends to. president comes into office. he and his party are united on a platform. they have some legislative achievements. they are somewhat successful and get some support from the other party. the president is re-elected. usually, though he wasn't in 1932, 1980 find the 92. but usually is, and then the second term, there's a lot of discontent. the left wingers in the democratic party and right wingers in the republican party have some gets about some of the compromises their party and presidents have made and the roads they have not taken or reforms they have not gone far enough to satisfy these people
in particular ways and the president's popularity starts to flag and you get some sort of revolt that has ramifications that has ramify innings can as on the election of the next president but then the other party gets presidency. it can flare out into rebellions against the previous party leadership. and i think that's what we saw and are seeing in the so-called tea party momentum in the republican party. they started off like the peace momentum in the democratic party saying that they were not going to be concentrated on one party. they were multipartner but they really consciencen traited their move in the democratic party and team movement in the republican party. and their discontents were not just with the current president of the other party. he team -- tea party was
discontent with president -- but they were also discontent of the policy of the president of their own party who had been in office before. president lyndon johnson on the vietnam war and president george w. bush in the republican parties. so when you listen to the tea party folks, they are not only come playing about the obama stimulus package and obama care. they are also unhappy about the medicare prescription drug bill of president george w. bush. the no child left behind, the bill passed by congress in 2001 signed bipartisan. signed by president bush in 2002. of there were grievances going back to the last republicans party program. so that's one of the reasons for the anger of the tea party
for the success that they have had in nominated and in some cases electing some candidates and helping the republican party win house jorts. interestingly we're seeing the beginnings of an analogous thing going on in the left wing of the party with the left wing of the democratic party now in the second term of president obama, discontent with some of the things he is doing. i think you saw this in the comments just recently on the president's speech wednesday night about isis and military action in the middle east. their discontent right now that he hasn't followed through on his promise to provide amnesty or legalization to a lot of illegal immigrants, and so there's some discontent in the democratic party as well. host: you write in "how the g.o.p. got this way" when you have a rush of hundreds of thousands of previously
uninvolved people into electoral politics, you get a ertain number of wackos, weirdos and witches but you lso get people that turn out to be serious citizens. guest: i watched in the tea party movement today a lot of o-line members of the press 40 years ago were saying those peace people are all crazy weird ose. and indeed some of them seem to be and the liberal press are saying the tea party people are just racists and wackos and so forth. well, you get some odd ducks in the tea party movement, but -- some gotten in the that get into politics and they actually have pretty good political instincts. they are intelligent people who
have strong views. the tea party movement like peace movement was concerned not about peripheral matters but the issues of war and peace. the issues of the size and scope of the federal government. those are pretty fundamental issues. and the views that they took on that are now pal ably ridiculous or uninformed by the facts. you hood people with genuine causes. and so as i look out over the coverage of the tea party movement versus the republican establishment. i think i see something that looks like a familiar phenomenon. i think it sometimes gets exaggerated. we can point to some republican candidates for the u.s. senate, for example. 2010, 2012, who made unpopular, in politics, statements that
were loss or winnable statements. we can look in the future and see the same phenomenon in history going back to the 1970-1972 cycles. and we've seen this year, mostly the so-called party establishment people winning elections. but the party establishment now has pretty well internalized by the tea party movement. it's affected with the potential 2016 republican presidential candidates are talking about. and once again, the peace movement reshaped the democratic party. the tea party movement has done a lot to reshape the republican party. host: wild and wonderful tweets into you, the center always holds evently. why do we give so much
attention to the extreme wings and the fringe? guest: well, they sometimes reshape what the center is. vietnam look at the war 40 years ago. was the peace movement totally crazy to be concerned about the vietnam war and the american role in it? i think you have to say no, even if you think that fundamental effort was -- waged. no war ever is. if you're looking at the concerns of the tea party movement, the center had a pretty rough time in september of 2008. when we had a financial crisis. policies that we had followed. presidents of both parties had encouraged had encouraged homeownership and
incentiveized people to give to people who were not credit worthy. repaysaid we'll be able to anyway and the housing prices will never go down. the center was wrong on that. president ut that clinton and bush were wrong n retrospect to encourage giving mortgages to noncredit worthy people. turned out housing prices can go rush.ationwide with a so sometimes the senate needs a little correction from the left or from the right. though the left of the right ostemperous, deluded, or polarized. they have something to contribute to this. >> michael barone is our guest. e're talking about politics in general. and specifically about his recent washington examiner
piece. gop got this way. from south g in carolina, democrats' line, danny, go ahead. danny? caller: yes, hello. air, pleasee on the go ahead. i'm a i'm talking to -- democrat all the way. need a -- higher a person going to $7.25.n should be $12. $15. some don't want to get it to $12. that's why i never vote for for no reason. they don't care nothing about the poor people. thank you. guest: the minimum wage is in my view one of the old chestnuts
that comes back again and again. the first federal minimum wage law was passed in 1938. quite a now running on long time ago, nearly 80 years ago. you look at who gets the minimum wage, what you find s the majority of minimum wage earners are not in low income house holds. be second, third, fourth workers in multi-worker house holds that are not in the category. i think if you're looking at ncreasing the incomes of the working low income people, there are more effective ways to do it. called the earned income tax credit. in part pioneered during president reagan's dministration, increased significantly in president clinton's administration. it has bipartisan support. earned income tax credit has a refund to some tax earners when they're paying their taxes.
money, ant to channel the earned income tax credit or marco riance there on, rubio has been talking about it, has been more effective than wage, which,inimum by the way, doesn't apply in half of the states now because have minimum wages that under state law are higher than the federal minimum. so why do we hear a lot about the minimum wage from >> get all of today's " onhington journal c-span.org. we take you live to the 50th anniversary of the civil rights act. >> and safeguarding consumer privacy. commission,ng the she was a partner in the l.a. of a law firm where she
handled a broad range of is this litigation, including successfully representing clients for intellectual property, antitrust matters. she also has extensive appellate litigation experience. before that, she was an associate at gibson, dunn, and crozier in l.a. goodwined for alfred t in the u.s. court of appeals for the ninth circuit. ms. ramirez graduated from harvard law school, cum laude, she served as editor as the harvard law review. she holds an aba in history magna cum laude, from harvard university. i am honored to introduce to you the chairwoman you through various -- edith rimer is --
edith ramirez. [applause] >> thank you. thank you, maria, for that generous introduction. mbalso want to thank the h latino commission for inviting me. i am delighted to be here today. washington celebrating the 50th anniversary of the passage of the civil rights act. and honoring the latino lawyers, past come present, and future, whose struggles and successes represent the vitality and the brood of the civil rights movement. congratulations to our honorees. carmen. tiz and you are a credit to the lawyers
about whom professor atencio will be talking about after lunch. congratulations for putting on such a terrific conference. respectful of those who brought us where we are today. inspiring to those of us who seek to leave now. and supportive of those who will take us into the future. what an important reminder this is to us all, the civil rights movement is not a static event from 50 years ago, recorded on a black and white newsreel. it is part of our daily struggle and daily responsibility. of one of our great latino leaders, sonia , educated and privileged lawyers have a professional and moral duty to represent the unrepr
derrepresented in our justice.nd ensure as the federal trade commission enters into its 100 year. the ftc was established by reformers who believed the government should work to ensure l playing field in the marketplace. the focus is on consumer. our mission is to protect competition in the marketplace so it delivers the best goods at the best prices and to protect consumers so they can navigate the marketplace assured that businesses will treat them fairly and honestly. we have a number of tools we use to accomplish this. civil enforcement action, research, policymaking, and education. we readily and effectively deploy them all in the service
of american consumers. the civil rights movement taught us and continues to teach us, there was no one face of an american. there is no one face of the american consumer. that is why it is crucial that there also be different faces among the leadership in washington and around the u.s. own journey from the beach community of san clemente, where i was born and raised, the daughter of immigrants from mexico city, to los angeles, where i practice law, and then to washington, d.c., was largely unexpected. in fact, i never imagined i would be leaving in d.c., let alone that i would be the chairwoman of the ftc. until 2007, i followed a largely a careernal route in as a corporate attorney. following law school, i served as a clerk on the ninth circuit,
was an associate at a large law firm. and then became partner at another. did interact with a more diverse california community through volunteer work with a number of community organizations. step off the corporate law track until a former law school classmate with whom i had served on the harvard law review decided to run as a democratic presidential primary. i was given the opportunity to politicalhe deputy director and director of latino outreach in california. it was not an easy decision. i was a partner at a highly regarded law firm doing a job that i enjoyed and i was good at in my home state. my firm and managing partner were supportive, but a leave of absence to work on the campaign of a candidate who had the time was not the best career move.
i am so glad that i said yes. not just because working for then candidate barack obama helped bring me to the ftc and washington, because working on the obama campaign proved to be one of the most rewarding and invaluable experiences i've ever had. campaign, and reaching out across california to our various latino community, with their unique believes and andms, i learned to listen hear the many voices of america. i learned to better appreciate them. that theinforced guarantee of civil rights means nothing at of context. community speaks, where they live, shop, bank, and work, all this matters when it comes to making sure government and business treat them fairly, honestly, and with respect. obama9 when president
nominated me to serve as the commissioner of the federal trade commission and again last year when he elevated me to yes., i said and this time, without hesitation. ready to take all i have learned over the course of my career and apply it at the ftc, the only federal agency with jurisdiction androtect consumers competition across broad sectors of the american economy. one important action i took as chairwoman was to launch what we call the every community initiative. i wanted the entire agency to focus on how we can ensure our efforts to protect consumers in every state, city, town, neighborhood. how we protect those consumers who experienced the market differently. who are hit hardest by fraud and other illegal conduct. and who are most challenging to reach.
important aspect of this is taking a hard look at the prevalence and types of fraud experienced in different communities. our economists report that in 2011 alone, 10.8% of u.s. adults , 25 point 6 million people, were victims of fraud. of the use, and estimated 9% were non-latino whites. 13.4 percent were latino. and 17.3% were african-american. oldero found that americans are impacted by certain fraud, like lottery scams, in greater numbers than other age groups. some scams, like telemarketing authorized billing schemes, are likely to affect argerin communities in longe numbers. some scams target specific populations.
we continue to examine how fraud affects our nation's market, including online. we are examining issues regarding debt collection. harassingnfair and debt collectors has long been a priority at the ftc. we received more complaints about this industry than any other. as part of this work, we are focusing on reports of egregious and unlawful debt collection and that spanish-speaking consumers. something we have seen in law enforcement. defrauded consumers and then followed up trying to collect money for faulty, substandard, or never delivered goods by threatening to report the consumers to immigration authorities. by broadening our understanding of the debt collection of thences non-english speaking consumer,
we hope to stamp out illegal fraud and develop improved strategies for outreach and education. another area that is a concern to all americans and also are low income and underserved communities is privacy in the area of big data. as i am sure you all know, every time you buy something online, check a sports score on your phone, select or credit card, check into facebook, surf the device, youany leave a trail. a trail that is noted, recorded, and analyzed by data brokers. these companies operate largely in the dark, collecting our personal information, amassing detailed profiles on each of us. and, largely without our knowledge or consent, selling that data to businesses and other brokers. earlier this year, the ftc released a report titled "data
brokers: a call for transparency and accountability." it lays out the extent to which data brokers know you. they know where you live. they know how old your kids are. what you buy. your income. your ethnicity. your health conditions. your hobbies. our report makes several policy recommendations to bring the operations of data brokerage into the light and to give consumers more control over their personal information. one of my concerns and an issue we are beginning to look at is how businesses are using the information sold to them by data --kers classified in the classified by race, income, socioeconomic status, age, health condition, religious affiliation, even political leniency. how will such labels affect our chances of getting a job? the terms of our mortgages.
the products we are offered online. the opportunity for misuse is there. these are issues we are examining and will continue to monitor closely. every community initiative is ongoing. it is my goal to have it in fuse every aspect of work at the ftc. while i am proud of the mission, it is an agency that long before my tenure has paid close attention to a demographic change that has swept over our nation the last several decades. for example, in 2004 hundred then chairman tim, the ftc launched a hispanic law enforcement initiative to deter and stop fraud targeting latinos and to create an effective consumer education for latino communities. by that time, latinos represented a steadily growing
market for advertisers. with total consumer buying power estimated at $580 billion. the same research shows that latinos were also about twice as likely as non-hispanic whites to be victims of consumer fraud. particularly in the area of credit. since 2004, the ftc has brought approximately 70 cases against companies that target its bitter speakers. -- thatenforcement targeted spanish speakers. our law enforcement action stopped. mrs. of mortgage assistant, immigration legal aid, credit .ard debt relief the ftc has targeted companies that have made deceptive claims regarding everything from prepaid telephone calling cards to disease cures to weight loss supplements. like this inraud the marketplace, we act aggressively. filing complaints in federal
court to stop unlawful conflict judgment. often requesting temporary restraining orders, asset freezes, and other powerful forms of relief. prefer thate consumers avoid fraud in the first place. and to that end, the ftc attempts to protect consumers through education. have an extensive library of materials on our website in english and spanish. and over the last few years, we have been translating our publications into other languages as well. but the conversation has to go both ways. not just to provide guidance to consumers. but also to listen to their concerns. one of the main ways that we do that is by receiving consumer complaints from around the andtry through our website telephone hotline. we have also engaged in extensive outreach to local communities. example, we begin
holding common ground conferences across the country to elicit information from state attorney general offices, local law enforcement, legal service providers, and community-based organizations about what scams they were seeing. along with oures broad outreach to consumer identify thelps us unfortunate targets and spurred the creation of the new consumer education material. chairwoman of the ftc, i have an obligation to ensure there are competition and consumer laws that are as effective in boston as they are in south-central, l.a. we must have an ftc that respects the diverse ways consumers navigate the marketplace across the u.s. , if you had told the progressives who created the
ftc that one day it would be led by a woman, they would probably not have believed you. though they might have hope you are right. 50 years ago, if you had told signers of the civil rights act that one day the ftc would be run by a latina. they might not have believed you, but they would have hoped you were right. 10 years ago, if you had told me that one day i went leave my law firm job and move across the country and run the ftc, i flat out would not have believed you. today, it is a different story. i am grateful for opportunities that have brought me here. i am going to continue to do my best to serve all consumers and every day that i am privileged to lead the ftc. thank you very much. [applause]
>> thank you. now, i told you earlier we had a special guest. i would like to bring up the hnba president to introduce our honored guest. [applause] >> thank you very much, maria. good, ladies and gentlemen, distinguished guests, hnba members and award winners. it is my extreme honor and privilege to welcome you this afternoon. national president of
the hispanic national bar association. the hnba has had a long history of advocacy and being on the forefront of issues that affect hispanics and the latino community. it is fitting as we celebrate our convention, which by all metrics that we used to measure success has been a huge success, i am excited today. in about eight hours, i get to pass on the gavel to cynthia. where is she? [applause] becomes the seventh latina in our 42 year history to lead the national bar association. herre excited about leadership and looking forward to a tremendous year with cynthia at the helm. thank you, cynthia. [applause]
but i'm also excited for another reason. as you know, our theme is unidos in washington. progress.le in our indeed, there has been tremendous struggle in the last 50 years as we commemorate the civil rights act. there has been tremendous address. our guest speaker is at the forefront of a lot of the progress that we see every day. our top law enforcement officer in the country, attorney general eric holder is the 82nd attorney general of the united states of america. he took the position after being nominated by barack obama on february 3, 2009.
theany of you know, attorney general was scheduled to join us this evening. two to his schedule, he is here now. we are excited to have him. mr. holder, general holder, is a native of new york city, where he attended the public schools, graduated from stuyvesant high school, where he was a regents scholar. he attended columbia university, where he studied american history. columbia lawon to school and graduated in 1976. while in law school, general naacp legald at the education defense fund and at the department of justice criminal division. upon graduating, he moved here to washington and joined the department of justice as part of the attorney general's honors program. followingu have been
the media. you have studied shelti versus holder and you know what is happening around voting rights. i will not steal the general's thunder, but i wanted to set the table. you have been following what has been happening in ferguson. i want youther ado, to please rise and join me in welcoming attorney general eric holder. [applause] >> thank you. thank you. well. [speaking spanish]
[laughter] [applause] i was going to give the rest of the speech and spanish, but c-span is here. [laughter] please forgive my english. it is a privilege to welcome the hispanic national our association to our nations your 39th annual convention. it is a great pleasure to be in such distinguished company. i would like to thank the president, he keeps saying he has eight hours and now seven hours and 56 minutes. cynthia, this sounds like it is going to be a tough job. like a young man eager to pass the baton. i want to thank him and the entire hnba leadership team, along with your convention ricardo, and the hispanic
bar association of d.c.. all these organizations and everything you have done to bring us together this week. i would like to congratulate the award recipients being honored for their leadership of the course of this luncheon. and i would like to recognize the law students, attorneys, and judges who make up this remarkable organization and have taken time away from their busy schedules and their full dockets to take part in this important annual convention. we come together today in a moment of great consequence. with critical challenges stretching before us. six decades after hernandez extended the guarantee of equal protection to people of all races and backgrounds and half a century since the passage of the civil rights act finally was codified. is no question our nation has taken really extraordinary and once unimaginable steps forward.
yet, recent headlines remind us that these advances have not put the issue of equal justice to rest. on the contrary. in america's heartland, to our southwest border, the events that have captured the attention and sparked debate over the course of the summer illustrate that the fight for equality, opportunity, and justice is not yet over. these issues have not yet been relegated to the pages of history. although this is a struggle that predates our republic, it poses challenges as contemporary as any others that we currently face. for over four decades, the hnba has stood at the forefront of national efforts to confront these challenges. by working to increase diversity on the bench and bar. i helping to educate the leaders of tomorrow. members ofng america's latino community, and by fostering new opportunities for legal professionals of hispanic heritage and particularly latinas in the law.
so we can grill their ranks and -- so we can grow their ranks and make sure their voices are heard. from the chambers of our courts to the halls of congress. in today'svel department of justice, this is a personal and professional priority. , duringn 10 years ago service as deputy attorney general, i worked to build a diverse and effective workforce. when i returned in 2009, i significantly expanded this work. it not only improves our ability to draw on the skills of everyone, it also makes the justice department more credible and more effective. i understand this convention includes a job fair, i cannot pass up a chance to urge all of the young and aspiring attorneys in this crowd, those of you who are a little older than that, to consider a career in public service.
come to the justice department, work for me. [applause] i am serious about that. itself --nstitution beyond the institution itself, by colleagues and i are struggling to open the doors to race,and men from every ethnicity, and walk of life. according to the pew research center, the hispanic top election of the u.s. exceeds 53 million people. it has increased almost sixfold from around the time hnba was founded. it has doubled since the year 2000. thestatistics show that as approximately 1.2 million attorneys working in the u.s. today, fewer than 50,000, less than 4%, identify as hispanics.
women and people of color have made up and increases percentage of licensed lawyers and law lacks behind law other professions. we need to do everything in our power to ensure that the coming decades witnessed an uptick in the number of people of color, women, people with disabilities, and new immigrants who find productive avenues into the legal field and the american workforce as a whole. and once they have their opportunities to compete for these jobs, we need to close the , making sure every worker is, dated -- making sure every worker is compensated. all of us, both collectively and as individuals, have more work down barriers and combat discrimination. and to uphold the civil rights every person is entitled to. our comprehensive work to equality, we
need to look beyond law school campuses and workplaces, we need to build on civil rights enforcement that the justice department has established over the last 5.5 years. throughto keep striving programs such as president obama's my brother's keeper initiative to address opportunity gaps. we need to summon our collective experience as legal sharedionals and our commitment as a nation to tackle the urgent challenges faced by ,illions of people every day from immigrant communities to our military. from our places of worship to our financial markets. .rom our voting booths ourg the most pressing of challenges is the problem of unaccompanied young children traveling to the u.s. in entering this country. i know this is an issue which we
are all familiar with and which has promote intense discussion throughout the summer. n and beyond the u.s. i traveled to mexico city to hold meetings with my counterparts from mexico and guatemala, el salvador, and hunter s. this was a monk -- and from dori -- and honduras. main part ofg the our agenda. we created a high-level working group to develop a strategy to deal with the situation. this working group will hold its first meeting in the coming weeks. they will help us formulate a coordinated plan of action. potential solution to this problem is rather obvious. that is fixing our broken immigration system. the senate, on a bipartisan basis, has already passed a bill that would gone a long way to
doing just that. the issue is compelling, the solution is present. the need to reaffirm our commitment to remaining indication -- remaining a nation of immigrants is critical. if we are to remain true to our are remaining true to our heritage we must fix our immigration system. people out of the shadows and we must establish a path to citizenship. [applause] there are a variety of ways in which much of this can be done. and in the face of house in action, this administration, this administration will proceed. will do so lawfully, and it will do so in a manner that is consistent with our values. we will, as americans always have, seek to make our union more perfect. this is our promise. in the meantime -- [applause]
within america's borders the increasing numbers of unaccompanied children of -- appearingin our in our immigration courts is a challenge. one way to address that challenge is to facilitate access to legal representation for these children. though these children may not have a constitutional right to a lawyer, we have holocene -- policy reasons anymord a moral obligation. that is why the justice department started creating a plan even before the surge of children last july. agencies toeral meet that goal by grieving volunteer opportunities that are aligned with agency priorities. the justice department's response to that call is clear. by partnering with the
corporation for national and community service to design and implement a new legal aid program, the department is protecting vulnerable ingulations while improvemen operations in our communities. was announcedorps in june. whoill protect the children make the long and difficult journey to the united states without a parent or legal guardian. announcing one point wait million dollars in grant awards to legal a gorgeous nations to more than 15 cities around the -- legal aid organizations in more than 15 cities around the country. we will begin to represent these children in our immigration ports in early 2015. the justice americorps members will also help to identify children who have been victims
of human trafficking or abuse. and as appropriate will o refer them to authorities. the shapes the values that we have always had with justice. will empower a new generation of aspiring attorneys and paralegals to serve the country in important legal aid to some of the most full verbal individuals who interact with our legal system. it will bring our system closer to our highest ideals. the way we treat those in need, and particularly young people who may be fleeing from abuse, persecution, and violence goes to the core of who we are as a nation. , with the work we clear thatay, it is
we stand together this week in defiance of the block and the narrow politics of the moment. truly -- [laughter] in ourd together assertion that civil rights are and must be, extended to all. we stand together in our demand that equal work should be performed for equal pay and that our daughters deserve the same opportunities as our sons. we stayed together in a conviction that it is the right and the responsibility of every american to forge his or her own path. to extend the promise of our great country until it includes every single person who dares and dreams to call this nation their home. as we carry this work into the future i want you to know how proud i am to count you as colleagues and partners.
but always remember, the positive change is not inevitable. positive change is not minimal. -- inevitable. it is a function of hard work and resilience. i'm confident that together we will make our great nation even more great and more just. i look forward to everything we will achieve together in the months and years ahead, and i want to thank you once again for all that you do. thank you. [applause] >> looking at some of our
weekend political coverage on c-span. you will bring you the 37th annual harkin steak fry including comments from former president bill clinton and potential candidate hillary clinton. we brought you the iowa debate in the third district. the democrats face representative they young -- dave young. here is what it sounded like. >> first of all you have to take a look at how we got there. we're not doing budgets, we are spending money out of control. but when it comes to the debt ceiling, over the past 30 years that but other items that have been dying to the debt ceiling -- tied to the debt ceiling.
, wee the keystone pipeline are seeing corporations go overseas because of corporate tax version. a lowering of the corporate tax rate. at the goat be hoping to get something out of this -- it would be healthy to get something out of this for those who are not raising the debt ceiling. >> should you become the member of congress, would you vote to raise the debt ceiling if there were a point at which you were to say the credit limit has been reached? and also address the issues he brings up, tying future debt votes to other issues. >> we need to work on where the money is being spent. when i was in the senate i did chair with democrats and republicans among the managers of the departments, the employees, citizens, and we
found ways to save money for the iowa taxpayers. >> it sounds like you would like not be in favor of raising the debt ceiling without cost savings in that bill. >> we have such gridlock and we have people who are not working or doing their jobs. they need to sit down and work there get -- worked together. >> all of that iowa debate in about an hour. next up, south dakota where there is an open senate seat because of the retirement of three term democrat tim johnson. this debate is courtesy of the local station.
good evening. we welcome you to the first televised debate for the candidates for the south dakota senate seat. this race is closely watched, in a real battle for control of the u.s. senate. joining us tonight is rick andand, larry pressler, gordon howie. the only candidate not attending is the republican mike rounds. he was offered the same but theyon, declined citing schedule. let's get started.
first, the rules. each candidate will be given one minute for an opening statement. each candidate was asked the question will have 90 seconds to respond. the other candidates will receive one minute for a bottle as well as the original candidate. and each will have one minute for a closing statement. the first alternating statement tonight comes from go and how it statement tonight comes from gordon how we. >> thank you. thank you for hosting this debate. south dakota has a real choice it in november. who do you want to represent you in the united states senate? we know that there are several different philosophies of people running in this phase. the powerbrokers would like you to think that a vote for gordon how we would somehow loose the senate. i have a newsflash for those people. the political prognosticators are all saying, across the
country, that republicans are very likely to win as many as 8-11 seats more than the six needed to take the senate. southe is the real choice dakota and have to make. what kind of republican do you want to send to the united states senate? a big government taxing spender or someone with a proven record of fiscal responsibility and that would be gordon how we. i would like to encourage you as you listen to this debate tonight to take a serious look at the candidates and evaluate who is the conservative in this race. i think you will the same conclusion that i have. >> thank you. hosting thisfor debate. it is unfortunate that mike rounds is not here, but i want you to know that i have been monthse last 16 traveling across our state.
i have had over 200 public meetings where i show up and i list the and i learned. and part of this process is to show up. unfortunately, one of our candidates running review notice 87 is not here tonight. i think that is bad form. --t i have learned a there out there is that they really do expect someone to show up who wants their vote. they want someone to show up on the floor of the united is a senate is going to be on their side and not on the side of their big-money campaign donors. art ofs the real he this campaign. who will be out there showing up every day and fighting for the voters of south dakota? that is what we expect, that is what the voters need to expect in this campaign process, and i only hope that mike will show up for the future debates in the coming days ahead.
it is a critical election, a lot is at stake in the country. it will have a right to know where their candidates, who want to represent them, and want to serve them, where they stand on the issues. what is their vision for south dakota? what is their vision for the country? not showing up as a problem. you need to shop to get elected. larry pressler, independent candidate for the united states senate. i run and is an independent to become a powerful voice or south dakota. inependents are provided for the united states senate, and this would break the poison is deadlocked between republicans and democrats which are not able to balance our budget or do anything about the deficit. i am blessed to -- i am to serve 16 terms i
will not raise any money and just focus on what needs to be done. when you do help our teachers wages. the middle classes south dakota is suffering, and i want to work on the economy. there is a whole host of thing. s. i can be a powerful voice for self to coda. whole number of issues for indians and on into the across the state. tomorrow on ang 15 city tour of the south dakota area. our middle class is struggling and we need to help people's wages get higher so they can have more purchasing power to help small business. on the federal level we must work on the deficit. i will be talking more about that later. as a vietnam vet factor and i feel strongly we need to reduce some of our foreign obsolete base spending.
i want to balance the budget but i also would have a strong national defense. we can do that by modernizing our military. >> thank you. we will begin with gordon how we. ie. is the keystone accelerate good idea? take charge of our energy policy. we of an steamrolled by a president and a congress that have been complicit in am streaming energy development. i am in favor of the pipeline. takenk what it would do to
the pressure off of the rail system, to allow for more shipment of grain and essential agriculture.e allow aoing to president who behaves more like [indiscernible] then a president to tell us that we're going to shut down coal fire production? overgaard hamstring the production of oil and natural gas? programoing to have a that stimulates our economy and allowing energy production and economic development? >> mr. pressler. i would walk into president
obama's office if elected and say that we need to have small pipelines so that our grain shippers can get their grain shipped. i am opposed to the way the governor set up the pipeline for south dakota. we do not get anything out of it, the oil just houses through -- passes through our state. but our grain shippers need to have more of the oil hold by as the governor of minnesota has proposed. to go to the refineries, but this pipeline does not do it. bigso want relief so the train engines will haul grain and not oil. this is something i have worked on a great deal. lot ofare a
technical problems and feel to go to related to this pipeline. i am a friend of president obama, i do not support him all the time, but i'm the only candidate who could walk into his office and talk about getting something for south dakota. >> i think i'm the only candidate that has come out in part a position with keystone. look i think it is very important and needed to listen closely. a job program as it has been billed by the oil companies. it is not about energy security. this is an export pipeline of through ourg to run state, over our offer and overseas. security.o energy
is a nasty dirty oil coming out of canada than they have did heat up to over 200 something degrees and ship it through a pipeline that ultimately leaks. has been leaking. 98 miles has to be dug up and fixed because of inferior wells. if you want to jeopardize the aquifer and if you want to jeopardize our environment for no jobs and no energy, then said ward -- then support the other candidates. i disagree on the no jobs assertion. there are certainly jobs related to that if that is an accurate report. we know that north dakota oil production also impacts western south dakota and the rest of the
state. wouldk to say that this create no new jobs or stabilize jobs already in place might be a little bit of a stretch. question number two deals with what most consider the do-nothing congress. poll released on monday showed only 14% of americans are satisfied with the job congress is doing. of yourstion reason all running for the senate. how will your presence may washington were that are for the american people? how will you turn washington around? >> i am very sick and distraught about the state of washington. republicans and democrats do not even talk to each other. i'm going to serve as an independent united is a senator and work with both sides, especially on the deficit. point that our a government is not functioning. the senate provides for
ents.endenc i will be working with sides. also it is my strongest conviction that there should be restrictions on fundraising while senators are in office. i am pledged to a one-year term limitation. they spend 50% of their time raising money for the next election. and i am pleased to serve only one term as a reform. i've had the experience, and i want to go and make it work. >> how will you make washington better? >> i will put forward by own amendmentional that would turn over citizens united and put money in our political process.
money is driving the show out there and it is polarizing the congress and the nation. when you have folks like the kochbrothers 00 brothers demanding that the candidates they support total line, that is what is wrong in washington dc. when we get that done, we will be back to some civility that we used to have. that peopleng ago have forgotten how congress is supposed to work. there is supposed to be compromised and people working across the aisle, but we have to ourthe money out of political system. it is the whole reason i got into this race. washington is good because the has been taken over by big-money special interests to the like to keep it that way. when washington is broken, they are process ring, but that is rare on today. >> how we make washington better?
>> you start with the promise of fairness. i do not mind telling out republicans or democrats when they are being unfair. i think the leadership in the state demonstrated significant unfairness when they refused to even provide a second to the motion that susan brought forward to call for test moaning -- motion onrnor the governor. i want to commend my opponent in this race. to allded an invitation of the candidates to sit down with me one-on-one to talk about issues. to let south dakota voters see
who we are not we believe. the only candidate who has accepted that was rick weiland. south dakota will get an opportunity to see what we can do when we are working together and talking together. the voters understand the issues. that is significant. >> any rebuttal? l sponsorl limitations. this will be one of my first acts because i think we need to limit it. as an independent i will not be raising money as a unit is a senator. i have only about as 1% available to me as my opponents who do under the party ty.
i will need your help in getting the message out. people will have an opportunity in south dakota to vote for a shoestring campaign which mine is. people will have an opportunity to vote for a campaign that is not drowning in special interest money. and my campaign will only have about 1% as much money as the two-party candidates. that needs to change in america. one of the central challenges facing the united states right now is this growing threat from isis militants and the usual waste -- in the middle east. what specific steps should the united states take to dismantle isis and eliminate the threat the group poses? we are all going to be listening to the president tonight as he addresses the nation. i wish him well. all have to agree
that isis is a serious threat. the public monitoring of two journalist onan foreign soil was really an atrocious act of violence. that being said, i do not believe we can unilaterally go would alone in the middle east any longer. i am hoping that the president will be talking about building an international coalition because isis is a threat to the united date but it is also a world threat. the international community needs to come together to get rid of this threat. airstrikes, if that is what the president think sweeney to do, but i will not support boots on the ground. i cannot support something our sons and daughters to the middle east to fight another war. we have a dear leos country for
the wars in iraq and afghanistan . millions and trillions of dollars spent. the cost of these wars are still billing. we need to take care of our people here. they need timely, excessive bull, and quality care in rv system. we need to listen carefully to the president tonight. and international approach, but boots on the ground. have suggested that the president has no policy. in all practical purpose he does have a policy, too little too late. we should have been dealing with this crisis two years ago. we need to support our friends
like israel because it is even more economically viable for us to help people who are fighting the same battle we are fighting. we also need to look at the -- as precision, where we can take out of these pockets of leadership. serious mistake to remove anything from the table. if you begin a policy by announcing to the world, including your enemies, which are not willing to do, you are already compromised going in. the table,uld be off and we need a proposal and a policy. i suspect what we will hear later on this evening is just more of the same, too little, too late. we need to be proactive and we need to be serious about protect king our own national security interest. >> what do we do about isis?
>> i am the only veteran in this race. i recall my dad saying to me at our farm. i was with a young man and a scholar and i could have kept student deferment for several years. and he said to me you can take the scholarship but if you don't volunteer and serve someone poorer and les able than you will have to go. so i volunteered for service in vietnam but i was disappointed in the war. so i think i can speak with authority about boots on the ground. we need to strike lethally and quickly but as kissenger said yesterday have a plan to get out. under the powell doctrine you , strike with high technology weapons and get out. and that is what i would do. i would not have a force that would have to stay there.
>> rick weiland, a 60 second rebuttal if you would like it. >> it is really disappointing mike brown isn't hear to answer the questions. these are the questions you will have to give answers to when you get elected to the state senate and here we are on the verge of another middle east conflict and talking about minimum airstrikes and galvanizing the international community and arming the syrian rebles and mike has decided not to show up. he has made a decision to take a 54 day vacation. ofween now and the 23rd october. i really think that is unfortunate. isis is a threat. we need to lead us a country. this is not something i can support. >> we're going to spend the next
few minutes talking about south dakota's involvement in the eb5 program. that allows investment. know an investigation is 'sderway after mike brown administration embezzled mother more than half a million and there are allegations another state person started a program with the eb 500 program. so the question is does the eb 500 program create more difficulties? do you support it? 90 seconds, we begin with you. >> the eb-5 program may have started out innocently enough i will not say. but it has fostered an environment of creed, corruption and there is a man dead. there are new revelations about more problems every day. and today i am hearing about one
of the center king pins of the investigation, both federal and state, if we are calling this an investigation, that his attorney contributed to mike brown's campaign. i asked for mike to release information that shows financial contributions by eb-5 beneficiaries to his war chest. he is silent on that so far. it is interesting that new revelations come every day. first half a million dollars missing. i am hearing report ands and you are seeing them as well of over a hundred million loans missing. we hear about a loan at 29% interest. how can that be good for south dakota and how can it be something that a former governor could sweep aside and say i wasn't running it. why did he approve a million check or issue his approval of
this private enterprise he setup to reap millions of dollars. i would like for mike brown to look the camera in the face and say he has received no benefit and no one has received any benefit from eb-5 buddy. he cannot say that so he is not here tonight. >> larry pressler 60 seconds on eb-5. >> fortune magazine has reported that south dakota is one of the most corrupt states in the united states and that is a shame. that is part of the reason i ran. if i am elected i shall appoint an independent state attorney. the corruption in our state has drawn national attention. i would call upon governor rounds to issue a memrandom of
facts and that is what happened from his points of view before the election. all of this will be vetted next year. based on my experience, a new senator will be vetted in their first year and if that senator is mike browns and he is vetted and there is something there it will hurt the people of south dakota because their senator will be crippled so we should have that before the election rather than after. >> rick weiland 60 seconds on eb-5. >> i came out early when this started saying i oppose it. sale of citizenship for half a million bucks doesn't square well with -- i know mike likes to talk about good old south dakota common sense. we are selling green cards to
allow people to cut to the front of the line. it is not just people. it is foreign big money coming into the state and now we have this mess on our hands and it is unfortunate. there was a comment made saying we do need to get to the bottom of this before november 4th. and now we have more questions than answers and mike isn't here and i am wondering outside of the difference of selling citizenship to the highest bidder that maybe there is something more to this that we are never going to see until after the election and that would be a real disservice. >> gordon howie 60 second if you would like. >> yes. he has an opportunity to clear the state and let the voters see what happened with this scandal. i have called on him to do so. i think that is only fair and
that is the way we will discover the truth when people will testify under oath. we need to see that information prior to the selection. so letters can make a an informed, confident decision. also releaseould his e-mails between his office conspirators or what everyone to call them. he should also release his appointment calendars. so we can see what really happened. what he really did, when he did it, and who he talked to when he talked to them. that is only fair. that is the way we discover the truth when people testify under oath. right now the republican leadership is stonewalling every effort and protecting something or trying to hide something.
you need to come forward and answer questions, mike. >> our next question tonight deals with the dynamic that we have in this race. we have two independents running for this senate seat and south dakota has an independent streak that is a mile long both of the candidates have being criticized for muddying the water in the race. our latest south dakota poll showed 11% points between mike brown and rick. larry pressler, it shows if you were not in the race it would be a dead heat between mike brown and rick weiland. but high ranking democrats say they don't believe rick weiland can win the race. gentlemen, why are the critics wrong and why will you win the election in november. larry pressler, 60 seconds. >> our law allows for independent candidates and they should be treated equally if they are on the ballot.
i have been concerned that independents are referred to as trying to steal the votes from others. the same poll you sited could have matched me against rick weiland and i could have been winning. i think we need to have more independents in the united states senate. there are two there now and kansas is probably going to elect one and i would be fourth. i think we could help washington get more things done especially on the deficit and i think that is the number one threat to agriculture, national defense and lots of other areas. so i am proud to run as an independent and we are going to make real change in america and in south dakota. it would be refreshing for south dakota to elect an independent to the senate.
this has led to the corruption we have in our state. >> rick weiland, 60 seconds, why are your critics wrong? >> i don't think they can appreciate the travelling to every town in south dakota and sitting down in the kitchens and senior centers and showing up and talking to the people of south dakota. south dakota has a streak of sending democrats to washington. and i really do believe that getting out there and talking to the voters is a lot more important than shaking down big money out of state. i don't know where mike is tonight but he is not here. i think as i said earlier people want someone who is going to show up on the floor of the united states senate and have their best interest at heart. they are out there fighting for him not the special interest. maybe i rubbed my national party wrong and that is okay, too
because i am claim i am independent of the national party in terms of winning and running in the race. i am running for the people of south dakota and i am going to fight for the people of south dakota and show up every day fighting for them and not money. >> 62nd, why are your critics wrong? >> polling is an interesting subject. if you ask mr. cantor, the day before the election, his polling data show that he was at 75% grade the next day he suffered a significant upset. i find it very interesting that most of the polling collected on this data mentioned the three other candidate and undecided and doesn't even mention my name. i am not sure why or their method in that regard but i would say you cannot have an accurate poll when you don't mention all of their names. i am in the race because they need an alternative.
i am a lifelong republican. i am running as an independent because the rounds machine money bought the primary. so conservative vote was fractured, no one could get any traction. i am a strong supporter of life and i was the only republican senator in the state senator to vote against then governor rounds 2010 budget because it increased spending an additional $10 million and led to the $127 million deficit. south dakota needs a conservative choice. that is why i am in this race. clarification, in our poll, you were included in that polling and came in at 3%. wanted to clarify. >> thank you. that is so kind of you. >> larry pressler, 60 seconds. >> let me clarify i agree with my friend gordon on the issues of sworn statements from
governor rounds if we can get them. we only have 50 days. all of the prosecution is going to happen next. so the best we can hope for is a declaration by the governor as to what the facts are. i wanted to point that out. also, in terms of independents in the senate, the reason veterans bill was passed by an independent united states senator who chaired the veterans comment community and passed the bill. so independents can be affective there in the senate and there are two now and we are hoping for four and that will provide a balance to break loose the poisonous deadlock and the deficit is one of my biggest concerns so i would balance that in a reduction of the overseas, obsolete military spending and eliminating corporate deduction
deductions. let's remember republican senators vote for higher deficits because they vote for corporate subsidies. especially corporate subsidies. >> and that is time. we will talk for a moment about campaign financing here. rick weiland you in particular have made a point in your advertising to talk about the role big money can play in a campaign. gentlemen our question is , two-fold tonight. to date who is the largest con contributor to your campaign and how do we reduce the role of of big politics. mr. weiland, 90 seconds. >> when i got into this race i , wrote my own bill to overturn citizens united. that debate has been going on in washington this week.
unfortunately, it did not pass. it would have done what i have been talking about. big money is running the show. but we can take it back. i really do believe that. i don't think for the most part members of congress want to be professional fundraisers but those are the rule. i asked mike brown if he would be limitwilling to limit contributions to a $100 and he turned me down. i asked about a way to keep the dark money from coming in and buying to senate seat and he didn't respond and he is not here tonight. who knows where he is? he is probably raising money somewhere in the country. you know what? citizens united was a bad thing for the country and so was mckuctchen versus the fcc. that was another reason that took all the limits off. the senator likes to have both ways.
if you do your research, when he was in the senate he voted , against campaign finance. maybe he has had an epiphany too. big money is the problem. it is calling the shots on health care reform, financial service reform and energy policy. if you follow the money and where it is coming from you will see who i lined up and.skwand most of my contributions are small and average in the scheme of things and nothing like the $9 million he is bolstering about. >> do you know who your largest contributor is today? >> i have some giving $5200 for the primary and general election. they are south dakota residents and people from other parts of the country. the thing that i was most interested about -- if we can level the playing field. but i wasn't going to
unilaterally disarm. i told mike that when he turned me down cold. that would be like giving the seat to big money. so i will play by the rules he wants to play by but i will not tie both hand behind my back. >> mr. halley, 60 seconds. your largest contributor to date? >> i would like to give you an opportunity to be my biggest donor tonight. i will let you write a check. >> i could not do that, sir. >> frankly, i couldn't tell you who my largest contributor but it wouldn't be impressive. we don't have a lot of large contributors. i hear a lot of complaining about big money in politics and i will join the wagon to complain until i get some of that. i would suggest that, right now mike brown boasted of raising $9 , million and rick has raised $2-$3 million.
certainly, between $1 million and $2 million grade but what i would say is that big money isn't the problem in my campaign because we certainly haven't had big contributions. we have not taken any pac money i am aware of. it is all individuals. >> mr. pressler, 60 seconds. your largest contributor and how do we get big money out of campaigns? yes, my largest contributor is ron smith less than $2,000 . a lot of my contributions have been people in south dakota have $150. a chance to vote for a true grassroots campaign. as an independent i don't get , the big special interest money my democratic and republican opponents do. i need you to send me some. go to larrypressler.com. you can send a contribution.
you will be a part of a small group of contributors. i will have about 1% as much money as the republican or democratic nominees. we need an effort to get them out. homemade bumper stickers and yard signs and volunteers are needed. com i need your , >> rick weiland 60 seconds if you would like it. >> i will say rickweiland.com works as well. and i go back to brown bolstering about spending most of the time away from the state raising money. and saying publicly that he would spend most of the time out-of-state. i believe that this issue is probably the single most important thing we need to deal with in this country because we are not getting health care because of the policies and we
will not get bills based on clean air and fuel because of the oil companies. they have been running the government when it comes to energy policy. and mike is lined up with them. you have a real stark contrast between the democratic candidate and the republican candidate when it comes to money in politics. it is on the back of my business card and when i receive a contribution from out of state they know the first thing i am doing is running big money out of the system. so we can take our government back. >> gordon howie do you have have a website? >> thanks for asking. gordonhowieforsenate.com. we will be open for business all might. >> let's talk about the economy for a moment. the u.s. recession ended five years ago. national unemployment is around 6%.
a report was released last week said the united states has added two million jobs over the last five years. but countries are hiring temporary and part-time workers and ten million people are still out of work and emp pay is increasing by 1.2%. do you believe the u.s. economy has fully recovered from the recession? >> my first impression is to as say, are you kidding me? we have not recovered from this recession. obamacare continues to distress our economy. obamacare has created significant job loss across the country. in 2010 i introduced a bill that would have nullified obamacare in south dakota and we would have joined other states in
opposing that legislation that has been bad for the economy particularly those people in south dakota seeing their insurance premiums going up. and then governor mike brown sent his chief of staff to the senate state affairs committee to kill that bill. i have been a staunch opponent of government-run health care. i think if we think government-run health care boost the economy rather than hurt it we should visit the indian health care system or the veterans and the va. what a debacle that has been for veterans, who are literally dying, waiting to get care. not only is this a bad health care system, but it impugns our ability to recover economically. i was at a restaurant and a
waitress was bemoaning the fact she had to go find more work because her employers reduced her hours. she could not afford to live on the hours that she could get without employer. >> mr. pressler, 60 seconds. have we fully recovered from the recession? >> let me first of all say i , want to correct rick on one thing. inid support campaign reform congress. i have voted for campaign reform over and over. as far as wages are concerned we need raise the minimum wage, raise teacher pay and help our native americans. recently i was honored to eulogize one of the most legendary native american leaders. i was on the reservation in pine ridge and i will bow on two more. state wearound the
, will visit 15 cities starting tomorrow and i see a lot of poverty and the middle class is struggling. we have a problem in your state. people barely get by. people who work for wages. whether it is working at a bank. if they work for wages wages are , low and people are struggling. i want to do something and get into the united states senate. i will be powerful and a voice that is able to speak to the voice of special interest. >> thank you, mr. weiland, 60 seconds. have we fully recovered from the recession, rick weiland? >> if you are part of the 1% you have. 95% of the recovery has gone to the top 1%. that is why big money likes a dysfunctional government, i think. government has always been, prior to this big money, it is supposed to be an honest referee but they bought off the referee and like government unstable.
they can maintain the status quo. when 400 people in this country have more wealth than 150 million people then something is wrong. something has happened to our country. i maintain is because our money got in the way of big government. that is what we need to change. there are things we need to do in south dakota and i came out in favor of the minimum wage. this isn't the paul ryan budget. we do have a struggling middle-class. we need to address it. is, this continues the big money run of government by cut billionaire's taxes and big corp rayingcorp corperations and cutting student grants and head start. that is something not going to go. >> we are getting tight on time.
>> do i get 60 seconds? even 30 would do. >> 30. >> i would say i disagree with both of my friends on this program about increasing the minimum wage. it doesn't solve the problem. we have to solve the problem by going to the root. through problem is not that raising the minimum wage can solve it. we need to stop printing or creating new money which devalues every dollar these middle class and low class income earners make in this country. we need to do something about fiscal responsibility to stop overspending and to stop overtaxing. >> all right. now gentlemen going forward, no worries, we are getting tight on time. going forward, each question, each of you get 60 seconds to answer. in late spring the president , said in late spring he is going to texas to take executive action on immigration but now
says he is going to wait until after the election. one of the ways this affect us is, the white house says 10% of all farm workers in south dakota are not citizens of the united states. here's the question. what specifically needs to be done to reform american immigration policy inlarry pressler 60 seconds. >> specifically i would do three things. first of all i would relocate some of the obsolete bases in europe and italy and have them patrol the border between mexico and united states. if we could do that at no additional cost to the taxpayers we have the troops already. , number two, i would follow the george bush immigration plan and support a five-year path to citizenship. number three, i would recognize the needs of agriculture and we need to though throw our arms around the immigrants who have come and they are a blessing to us.
they help us pay our social security. so, we need a lot of the immigrants who have come. there a blessing to us. we want to bring them on an orderly basis with a security border. that is what i will fight for in the united states and. and i would join in with rick on the constitutional amendment for campaign reform. i did not can attest to say that. >> rick weiland, how to we specifically reform immigration? >> i think it is straightforward. in a very uncharacteristic effort the united states senate passed immigration reform with over 60 vote and they sent it over to the house of representatives for consideration and to take a vote on. but unfortunately speaker boehner hasn't even brought it to the floor. he had a bipartisan bill that put aside money for border
security like the republicans want and it also presented a path to citizenship. for the 12 million undocumented workers in the country. i think that is a pretty straight forward answer. pass the bill that the senate has deliberated on and send over to the house. now, you know, i don't -- i want to say this. i don't think the eb-5 visa program is angration -- an immigration policy. people should come through to this country, not buying their way into permanent residency status. but going through the immigration process. mike is not here to talk about that. howie, had we reform immigration? >> the president should get back into the oval office in december business. we need to restore the border of this country. it is unthinkable to me that
mexico can keep their border secure. it is the same border. if someone accidentally crosses into mexico, a find themselves incarcerated. bordersorder, that same hundreds of thousands of people are coming through undocumented. what we need to do is to secure the border. that is job number one. then we need to track every single worker. a process of eliminating farmworkers or other laborers. it is simply that we need to know where they are, who they are, and what they are doing. and, absent that come our national security is in serious jeopardy. >> gentlemen, we have seen how the oil boom in north dakota has just opened up the economy. north dakota realized an estimated 30 billion in economic impact. it is believed that there are strong and solid oil deposits in northwest south dakota. interest and action has been slight.
do you support oil exploration in northwest north dakota? what would you do to get it up and running? >> i had a number of chances to talk to people in areas around the state and if it untapped we need to support it. i don't see a lot of effort going forward and it maybe because the balkan fields in north dakota are richer in supply and the process is already underway. eventually i can see it coming to that part of the state. we need to be prepared. maybe there is lessons learned from what is going on in north dakota that we need to be mindful of. i personal think we should be moving more toward renewable sources of energy like ethanol and solar and wind.