tv Campaign 2020 Julian Castro at Iowa State Fair CSPAN August 10, 2019 4:15am-4:53am EDT
accounts from inside the white house during the apollo 11 lunar landing. >> we staked ourselves in the cabinet room. you can see the windows were dark. in theule landed at 4:15 afternoon, and the astronauts did not walk until later. >> american history tv, every weekend on c-span3. democratic presidential candidate and former hud secretary boolean castro spoke to voters at the iowa state fair. his remarks are about 40 minutes. [applause] mr. castro: good morning. it is great to be with y'all in des moines at the iowa state fair. first of all, thank you very much, rachel, and all those who helped organize this. i know that des moines is proud
of the state fair, and you have plenty of reason to be. i'm excited because i'm here with my family. my wife, erika, and our daughter and our son. [cheers and applause] mr. castro: this is a real treat for me, because as you can imagine, like all the candidates, i don't often get to travel with my family. we get to spend a little time together. i think my children are looking forward to the bumper cars and maybe the sky rides and that bacon that y'all sell on a stick. [laughter] mr. castro: i want to talk to you this morning about what we're going to become as a nation. aroundhat if we went this crowd and listened to the stories of your family, we would hear a lot of stories that reflect the best of our nation, of the american dream coming true. that is true in my case, too.
i grew up with my brother joaquin and my grandmother and mom on the west side of san antonio. my grandmother had come to san antonio when she was seven years old with her younger sister because their parents had died. they came from northern mexico through eagle pass, texas, in 1922, and ended up on the west side of the city. she got yanked out of school in elementary, so she never got a formal education. she ended up working her entire career as a maid, cook, and a babysitter because of that. she raised my mom as a single parent and my mom raised my brother and me as a single parent, too. my mom became the first in our family to get to graduate from high school and go on to college. my brother and i had the opportunity to go to stanford and then to harvard law school. we went together, because you can't get rid of my brother. [laughter]
mr. castro: he likes to say that the way to tell us apart is i'm one minute uglier than he is. [laughter] mr. castro: but it's not true, i'm a minute older. i had the chance to come home and be elected to the city council and be the first in my family along with my brother to be a professional as an attorney. and then served for four years on the city council in san antonio until i ran for mayor at 30. i was trying to become the youngest elected mayor in san antonio at the time, running against a gentleman that was 70, trying to be the second oldest. he won in a close runoff, but he had strict term limits, so i came back four years later and became mayor of my hometown. it is a city of 1.5 million people now. i got a call in 2014 from president barack obama. i remember the date, because it is not everyday day that the president calls you and asks if you want a job.
i had just driven through the drive-through at panda express. [laughter] mr. castro: you know how on your phone it says "unknown" or blocked call? it said "private." if you ever get a call that says private, answer the phone. [laughter] be castro: hopefully it will me on the other end of the line, calling you. [applause] castro: i answered the phone and i ended up serving as secretary of housing and urban development, managing a department with a $40 billion -- $48 billion budget, 64 field offices across the united states. i got to see in that time all of the ways that communities across this country are grappling not only with housing, but with everything that goes along with that. the fact that where you live often determines the quality of your child's education, what kind of job opportunities you have. it determines in many communities, especially rural ones like here in iowa, the kind
of health care access you have, because too many hospitals in oral iowa have had to close, have had to close psychiatric care or ob/gyn care. in places like flint, michigan, when i was hud secretary and visited again two weeks ago, it is something as simple as whether you can drink clean water. i'm running for president because i believe that we live in the greatest nation on earth, because i know that we need a president that understand that in the years to come we need to move forward as one nation with one destiny. and i am convinced that our destiny in the years to come is to be the smartest, the healthiest, the fairest, and the most prosperous nation on earth. the smartest, the healthiest, the fairest, and the most prosperous nation on earth. if we have to be the smartest on earth, we need to start with
universal pre-k for three- and four-year-olds. [cheers and applause] mr. castro: when i was mayor of san antonio, we did something about that. we put a one eight cents sales full pre-k. to fund we were in texas, and so some people wondered about that. but more than 53% of the voters in san antonio said yes to investing in our four-year-olds. [cheers and applause] mr. castro: today san antonio has one of the best pre-k programs in the country because of it. we improve k-12 education by paying teachers what they deserve, by reducing class sizes, by making sure that no matter the need of the child, they can have their needs met by the school they go to. because too often times the parents of special needs children feel like they have to be lawyers to argue with the bureaucracy to get what they need for their child. that should not be the way that it is, and we can do better than that.
we also know for the first time in our nation's history, we are competing and collaborating with countries around the world that are producing tons and tons of young people that are intelligent, they are hungry, they are ambitious and creative and innovative. that means on our end we don't have a single person to waste. we need to do two things. number one, we need to make sure that higher education is available and affordable to everybody who graduates from high school, tuition free public state universities, community colleges, job training and certification programs. and that we reinvest trade programs into our high schools so that folks can get gainful employment and make a good living if they choose not to go to higher education. [applause] mr. castro: if we are going to be the healthiest nation on earth, we need a different health care system. like many of y'all, i grew up with a grandmother, and maybe for you it was your parents or a
sibling or other relatives, but my grandmother had diabetes. she was a type two diabetic. i watched her get worse and worse as i got older and older. until she had to have one of her feet amputated before she passed away. that whole time she had medicare. i want to strengthen medicare for the people who are on it and make sure it is available to every single person who wants it in this country. [applause] mr. castro: i also believe that if you have a private health insurance plan that is strong and solid that you want to hold onto, you should be able to hold onto that. we should be able to do both of those things. what i don't believe is that the profit motive of big pharma or big insurance companies should ever determine whether somebody gets the health care they need in our country. [cheers and applause] mr. castro: nobody should have to travel to canada or mexico to get medication or a dental procedure or a medical procedure.
and we need to do things like end this distinction between physical health care and mental health care and invest in mental health care. [cheers and applause] mr. castro: if we are going to be the fairest nation on earth, we need to reimagine our criminal justice system. too many young people of different backgrounds from different places get caught up in a criminal justice system that puts a big black x on their record. that means they cannot get a good job in the future, they cannot get housing, they can never get on the productive path in life they want to be on. we need sentencing reform, we need to invest in public defenders, we need to do cash-bail reform, and do things like legalize marijuana and invest in diversion programs so people don't get caught up in the system in the first place. [applause] mr. castro: and we also need to make sure that no matter what the color of your skin is, how much money you have, or what neighborhood you live in, you are treated the same way by law enforcement.
i am the only candidate that has put forward a plan to reform policing in the united states. [cheers and applause] mr. castro: we have seen video after video after video that shows us unfortunately, especially if you are a young black man in the united states, oftentimes you are treated differently in this country, and that shouldn't be the case. my plan would add transparency and accountability to police departments and make sure we invest in groups that are trying to mend the rift that too often exists between police and the communities. the criminal justice system begins with the cop on our street. so many of them do a great job. but i believe it is not the case of bad apples out there. the system is broken and we need to fix it. my plan would fix it. [applause] mr. castro: we also need to do things like pass the equality act, so no matter your sexual
orientation or gender identity, you can't be discriminated against. we won't have second-class citizens in the united states of america. [applause] mr. castro: i grew up with a single mom. i watched how hard my mother worked to support me and my brother and her mom, my grandmother. we need to ensure women get equal pay for equal work in our country. and that we pass the equal rights amendment. and also that we defend a woman's right to choose, because it is under assault right now in our country. [applause] mr. castro: if we are going to be the most prosperous nation on earth, it has to mean prosperity for everybody. recently congress, the house of representatives passed legislation to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour. the senate of the united states needs to pass that as well and the president should sign it. we need to make sure people can earn a good living and provide for their families.
but that also means that we need to support labor, so unions can represent workers and worker productivity that has been on the rise for so many years can be matched by the wages and benefits people get. right now, that is not happening in our country. too many people that are working 40, 50, 60 hours a week are still struggling to pay the rent. you see that in des moines. you have seen the rents go up tremendously over the last several years. that means we need to do things like invest in housing that is affordable for the middle class and for the working poor and the poor. i have a housing plan that would create more affordable housing in small towns and big cities so we can do just that and people can have a safe, decent, affordable place to live, because i see housing as a human right. i don't believe in this, the wealthiest nation on earth.
anyone should sleep on the street, especially our veterans. too many veterans make up the homeless in this country. i know we can do it, because in the obama administration, i, along with many others worked hard and we reduced veteran homelessness between 2010 and 2016 by 47%. imagine that. washington worked the way it should. we can do that again. if we are going to be the most prosperous nation on earth, it also means we need to reform our immigration system. we need to harness the potential of immigrants. you saw just yesterday the raid in mississippi where they rounded up 680 people. there were little kids, little children that were wondering where their parents were. they got out of school and they did not know where they were. we can do better than this. we can fix our broken immigration system, so we put undocumented immigrants as long as they have not committed a serious crime on a pathway to
citizenship. we end family separation and detention. [applause] mr. castro: and we fix the legal immigration system, because people have to wait too long to become a citizen right now. we can also do things like a 21st century marshall plan for honduras, el salvador, guatemala, so people can find safety and opportunity at home instead of having to come to the united states. that is the smarter, more effective, more humane way to do immigration than what we are doing right now. [applause] mr. castro: finally, if we are going to prosper in the years ahead when need to address the most existential threat to our country. we need to combat climate change. my first executive order would be to rejoin the paris climate a greenthen invest in new deal so we can create jobs and also get to net zero in the years ahead. don't let anybody tell you we
can't do both of those things. you know that here in iowa. we know it in texas in the wind energy industry, the solar energy industry. we can create new jobs in the energy economy and also protect our planet and ensure we get to net zero, that we have clean water and clean air. all of that is possible. before we do that, we need new leadership. i don't want to make our country anything again. i do want us to go backwards. i want to make our country better than it's ever been. i want us to move forward to go into the future to create great opportunity for everybody. [applause] mr. castro: i got tested very early on in my tenure. i went back home. i got a good job. i bought a house, a car. i have $950 in student loan payments. my education plan addresses student loan relief.
i got elected to the city council. the city council only paid $1000 a year back then, even though we were a city of one million people. the law firm i was at got a client. the client wanted those of us on the city council to do a land deal. the land deal was they wanted to put a golf course over our water supply. we relied on an underground aquifer. i was against it, because i had a concern about their environmental plan. i did not think it was strong enough. i thought the chemicals you use on a golf course might seep into the water supply and compromise it. i wanted to vote against it. under the ethics rules for lawyers in texas, because there are ethics rules for lawyers, believe it or not, you can't just go against the client like that. i was stuck. on the one hand, my constituents wanted me to vote against it. they wanted me to represent them and do the right thing. on the other hand, my livelihood depended on me shutting up and saying i had a conflict of interest.
one day i walked into my law firm and i quit my job and then i went and i voted against that land deal on the city council. [applause] mr. castro: and i tell you that because before i ever went into politics, i worried i would have to change who i was to succeed. you hear that policies can be dirty or corrupting. that you have to play this game with people that usually get their way or special interests that have a lot of control. i was happy that when that first test came when i was 27 years old i stood up and did the right thing for the people i was there to represent. there is nobody that gets tested more than the president of the united states. this president has failed that test. i want you to know if i'm elected president, i will keep my eye on the ball. i will work hard every single day so that you and your family can have good health care, that your children and grandchildren can get a good education so they can reach their dreams, and you
can have good job opportunities whether you live in a small town or in a big city. i'm not taking any federal lobbyist money or any pac money, corporate or otherwise, in this campaign. this campaign is fueled by the people of the united states. little by little, week by week, month my month, we are getting stronger. i believe we will keep working hard. i believe there are many folks here who will be ambassadors of this campaign and spread the good word throughout iowa, because y'all go first. we need you. talk to your friends, your neighbors, your families, your coworkers. i hope we will keep getting stronger and that by february 3 when the iowa caucuses come around, i can be a front runner and go on and do well in the other states on super tuesday and defeat donald trump on november 3, 2020. and then on january 20, 2021, we will say adios to donald trump. thank you very much.
>> what was the intent of your brother's tweet? >> what was the question again? >> americans have a right to freely associate. what was the intent of your brother's tweet? mr. castro: i believe americans have the right to freely associate. i also believe that is public information. there are all types of newspapers, all types of organizations that put out information about who contributes to who. that is nothing new. i think the intent was that he was lamenting the fact you have so many folks, these big businesses in san antonio who made their livelihood off the hispanic community in san antonio that are propping up a president who is clearly racist, who is encouraging hate and division against the hispanic community. i believe people need to know what businesses in that city that are profiting off the backs of hispanic customers are turning around and putting that money into the pockets of a
politician in donald trump that is actively making the lives of hispanics in this country worse. >> on guns, you have been very critical of the president. we are hearing him say just now he wants to see meaningful change on background checks. do you give him credit for trying to push for action on this? mr. castro: i will give the president credit when i see him sign legislation on common sense gun safety legislation. the media of all people should have figured out what his playbook is by now. his playbook very clearly is that he says what he needs to say in the heat of the moment. you will notice for instance he will say we will have a plan on that in a few days, or we will do x, y or z in a few days. he knows the nature of our american public and attention span is that it's very short. then he creates some other issue that gets in the way and everybody's attention goes somewhere else and he never actually follows up on what he said in the first place about whatever the issue was.
what do i expect from the president? i expect probably what is going to happen is in a few days the president will drop this like he did last time. he had a meeting at the white house with a whole bunch of advocates, then he talked to the nra and he appeased the nra again. i'm tired of a president that constantly just appeases the nra because he's afraid of losing an election without their support. he is bought and paid for by the national rifle association, and americans deserve better than that. we don't need any happy talk from this president. what we need is for him to actually push mitch mcconnell and the senate to enact common sense gun safety legislation. i'm not holding my breath. >> you said yesterday poor kids -- joe biden said yesterday poor kids are just as bright as white kids. is that racist? mr. castro: i don't believe the vice president was being racist in that moment. like a lot of us when we are speaking, he just got tripped up in his words. what i do believe is we need to
make sure no matter what the color skin of a kid is in america today, no matter where they live in a rural community in iowa or in a big city like my hometown of san antonio, that they have a good education. i went to schools that were grappling with segregation. i lived in neighborhoods that basically were still feeling the effects of segregation. i know what it's like to go to the schools and see a lot of people around you not be able to make it out of there. we need to make sure we are investing the resources and doing the right policies so no matter who you are or the color of your skin, you can reach your dreams in this country. >> do you expect president trump to attack your family? and if so, how did you prepare your family? mr. castro: my family has been standing up for civil rights longer than donald trump's family has been trying to tear
those civil rights down. donald trump is not going to scare me, my brother or any of my family. i know what is right and wrong, and this president on so many occasions has demonstrated he simply is not up to the job of president. that is why i'm running to replace him. reporter: you have talked about reimagining i.c.e. what is your response to the and whatc.e. raids, would it look like in your administration? how can you ensure border security to those who are concerned about it? mr. castro: we will always maintain border security. we will maintain the resources that need to be maintained so we have border security. but i don't see those workers in mississippi as and he kind of threat -- any kind of threat to this country. they were simply trying to live their lives and provide for their sons and daughters. they are making our country stronger. i would put undocumented immigrants, as long as they have not committed a serious crime,
on a pathway to citizenship so we would not have that type of situation where people who have been here for years and years, who have roots in this country, who have little children who are american citizens, i would not put them in that situation. reporter: how would you get us through in the senate failing to passively measures? mr. castro: with the policy julian castro: the question is -- with the policy i put forward
this morning on combating domestic terrorism, white nationalism that includes gun i believe what those republicans who are in swing state senators were saying, are seeing right now is an outpouring of frustration and anger at them for standing in the way of things like universal background checks that 90% of americans support. you saw what happened in ohio. that ohio governor thought he would make a happy talk speech, and the people of ohio were having none of it, because we are tired of politicians talking about keeping our families safe, we want you to act. you are saying mr. mcconnell talking as if he will do something, he has every election next year. he is afraid. we want them afraid of the people voting against them if they do not have gun safety
legislation. whether it is kentucky or other places that have to take notice because people are fed up. they are fed up enough that they may withhold votes or vote democrats. if you have a child like i do, you think about the fact your child is going to school every day, and they are less safe than they should be. people are copycats of mass shooters going into schools to make a statement. or people going into shopping malls or walmart. the only way to keep our family safer, no matter where you live, is to pass commonsense gun safety legislation. republicans are starting to feel the heat from people who have had enough of this. a lot of racism found in police forces.
-- how do you change the culture in some police department? castro: whether it is customs and border patrol or police departments across united states, we see an epidemic of racism and white supremacy. the report you are talking about and others i have seen, looking at a spoke and other social media posts of police officers, and it found you have a lot of them making racist posts. these are people on the street who are supposed to treat all people equally. what do we do about that? my plan calls for a better recruiting and screening and anti-bias training for police officers. and the ability to terminate officers who do not live up to
the expectations we have for them across our country. i believe we need to find ways for the justice department to reward those departments that are doing the best in terms of best practices for recruiting and keeping good police officers with a diverse police force. whatever the background is, they are able to do a good job with people they are supposed to work with. we have that in some places, and we have a lot of officers doing a good job, but we also have an epidemic of racism. recruiting better retention of officers, training so that we can ensure police officers understand how to treat people the same no matter their background, instead of profiling them, those are things we need to do. >> what is your message to iowa
farmers? climate change has brought the highest levels of rain. castro: iowa farmers no climate change represents a threat to their livelihood. a couple days ago united nations put out another report that said climate change is going to negatively affect our food supply. we need to act. more iowa to get farmers to leverage the influence they have, because iowa is early state, to push for climate change legislation. it is an existential threat to our country and the world. i also believe that iowa farmers understand how badly this president has betrayed them. china has stopped buying agricultural products from the united states. the soybean farmers and other farmers have lost contracts that may never come back because this
president has too big of an ego to actually try and figure out how we marshal support for what we want to do with china instead of just with the erratic going alone haphazard trade war. this president's haphazard trade war is costing jobs and costing farmers their livelihood here in iowa, and they are just watching it go by. i would tell the farmers -- this is not what you bargained for. this man is not who he says that he would be. he has caused you to lose your livelihood. he is costing you money out of your pocket right now and costing jobs. we can make a change and do something better so that we can improve your livelihood and also make sure that america comes out on top in the years ahead. reporter: some of the trump donors are being targeted and harassed. republican or democrat, why is that ok? julian castro: it is not ok for anybody to harass anybody else. it does not matter where they are coming for, right or the left.
it is not ok for people to harass other people. nobody ever said that it was. >> why post the list online? julian castro: my brother put out a list of names of people who had maxed out to the trump campaign. that is public information. that kind of information is put out all the time. and for anyone to pretend or suggest that it is not, that is just untrue. he did not put down anybody's private information. he did not put down addresses, he did not put down phone numbers. he did not do that. what he did was not doxxing. he did not do that. he put forward publicly available information that was already out there. the right wing wants to make this a because they want to pretend that in some way that is equivalent to the division donald trump is fostering in this country. it is not.
what donald trump wants is these donors to be secret. he doesn't want you to know who is donating to him. because that is inconvenient for him. maybe he believes these people are embarrassed that they are donating to him. reporter: can you explain how your gun plan is different from your rivals? julian castro: we will. thank you. [indistinct chatter]
an inquisition on the jewish population is not great. these help us. >> thank you. >> wonderful job today! julian castro: thank you. >> you support reparations, can i have my money now? [laughter] >> is that enough? >> do you support reparations? can i have my money now? is it possible to get paid now? only 26% of americans support reparations. how would you sell that to the rest of america? [indistinct chatter] >> julio, could i get a picture