The literature on the heterogeneous decomposition of hydrogen peroxide by inorganic catalysts was surveyed. The aim was to provide background information useful in the development of new catalysts for high-strength hydrogen peroxide in propulsion applications. The survey was prepared as part of a research program on the development of active, stable catalysts for decomposing 98 per cent hydrogen peroxide. Published literature, technical reports, and patents in the period 1945-1965 were included. The survey showed that silver and platinum are the most extensively investigated catalysts. Other major catalysts are palladium, copper, iron, cobalt, manganese, and their compounds. Various methods have been proposed for increasing catalytic activity by additives that promote the parent activity of elements or compounds. Samarium nitrate-treated silver, cobalt-manganese oxide mixtures, ruthenium and its compounds, and silver-gold alloys are the most active catalysts that have been reported.