The military Transition Assistance Program (TAP) was established by Congress in the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 1991 (P.L. 101-510, Section 502) and codified in 10 U.S.C. 1142. The original purpose of the program was to help ease the transition into civilian life for military service members who were involuntarily separated as part of the force structure drawdowns of the late 1980s. From 1991 to 2011, Congressional interest remained high, particularly in regard to troops in transition following combat service in Iraq and Afghanistan.