The term Unconventional Operations (UO) vice Special Operations (SO) will be introduced, defined and explained. The paper will clarify why Army Special Forces (SF) are a principle UO force and explain why the UO mission is critical. Most importantly, it will show why the numbered active duty Special Forces Groups (SFGs) should primarily focus on this mission and not be diverted to missions duplicated by other Special Operations Forces (SOF) or General Purpose Forces. Unconventional operations provide a realistic option for the uncertain future. Unconventional operations forces, focused and resourced, can provide a low risk option for the future as U.S. foreign policy continues to evolve. These unconventional operations forces can, and most likely will, play an increasingly active role around the world, especially during the next 10-30 years of global transition.