The purpose of this paper is to examine the limitations placed on national decision-makers due to limited inter-theater airlift resources. The paper will begin with national policy as it relates to air mobility looking further at requirements as defined in the Mobility Requirements Study 2005. The paper will look at recent operations to determine lessons which can be learned from those experiences and applied to future requirements. The paper will discuss efforts to address mobility requirements to include pre-positioned forces contracting with the Civil Reserve Air Fleet procurement of C-17 aircraft and modernization of the C-5 fleet. The paper will analyze alternatives to address the inter-theater airlift capacity issue and will recommend a strategy to meet airlift requirements.